高三英语限时训练一（7 月 3 日）
（满分 120 分，考试时间：90 分钟）
第二部分：阅读理解（共两节，满分 35 分）
第一节（共 10 个小题；每小题 2.5 分，满分 25 分） 阅读下列短文，从每题所给的 A、B、C 和 D 四个选项中,选出最佳选项,并在答题卡上将 该项涂黑。 A Across Britain, burnt
toast will be served to mothers in bed this morning as older sons and daughters rush to deliver their supermarket bunches of flowers. But, according to a new study, we should be placing a higher value on motherhood all year. Mothers have long known that their home workload was just as heavy as paid work. Now, the new study has shown that if they were paid for their parental labors, they would earn as much as ￡172,000 a year. The study looked at the range of jobs mothers do, as well as the hours they are working, to determine the figure. This would make their yearly income ￡30,000 more than the Prime Minister earns. By analyzing the numbers, it found the average mother works 119 hours a week, 40 of which would usually be paid at a standard rate and 79 hours as overtime. After questioning 1,000 mothers with children under 18, it found that, on most days, mums started their routine work at 7 am and finished at around 11 pm. To calculate just how much mothers would earn from that labour, it suggested some of the roles that mums could take on, including housekeeper, part-time lawyer, personal trainer and entertainer. Being a part-time lawyer, at ￡48,98 an hour, would prove to be the most profitable of the “mum jobs”, with psychologist a close second. The study shows mothers matter all year long and not just on Mother’s Day. The emotional, physical and mental energy mothers devote to their children can be never-ending, but children are also sources of great joy and happiness. Investing(投入) in time for parenting and raising relationships is money well spent. 21. How much would a mother earn a year if working as the Prime Minister? A.￡30,000. B.￡202,000. C.￡172,000. D.￡142,000. 22. What is stressed in the last paragraph? A. mothers’ importance shows in family all year long. B. Investing time in parenting would bring a financial return. C. Mothers’ devotion to children can hardly be calculated. D. The sacrifices mothers make are huge but worthwhile. 23. What can we conclude from the study? A. Mothers’ working hours should be largely reduced. B. Mothers’ labor is of a higher value than it is realized. C. Mothers should balance their time for work and rest. D. Mothers should be freed from housework for social life.
B I log onto a computer at the doctor’s office to say I have arrived and then wait until a voice calls me into the examination room. There, a robotic nurse directs me onto a device and then takes my blood pressure. Some time later, in steps the doctor, who is also a robot. He notes down my symptoms and gives me a prescription (处方). I pay for my visit using a credit card machine and return home without having met another human being. When I call my dentist’s office and actually get a human being on the line, I am thrilled. And when I see the introduction of yet more self-service checkout stations at the grocery store, I feel like shouting, “When it comes to cashiers, make mine human, please! ” After all, human cashiers sometimes give you a store coupon (优惠券) for items you are buying. Even more than that, real-life cashiers often take an interest in particularly cute children, which can brighten a young mother’s day. A cashier may also show compassion (同情)for an elderly person struggling to get that last penny out of her purse. What technological device would do any of this? I don’t want to go back to the Stone Age, but I’m also worried about a world run by machines. Sometimes when you’re chatting with someone, you discover things you need to know. Maybe a receptionist needs prayers said for a sick child. Maybe a salesperson can offer a bit of encouragement to a customer who is feeling tired. Machines can be efficient and cost-effective and they often get the job done just fine. But they lack an element so important to everyday life. Call it the spirit, the soul or the heart. It is something no machine will ever have. It is being human that encourages us to smile at others, which may be what they need at that moment. 24. What’s the author’s purpose in writing the first two paragraphs? A. To describe a possible future scene where robots take control of our life. B. To indicate high technology can make our future life very easy. C. To warn readers of the possible dangers of robotic nurses and doctors. D. To predict how technology can affect the way we see a doctor in the future. 25. Why does the author prefer being served by humans rather than by robots? A. Robots don’t offer to give store coupons. B. Robots can’t provide efficient services. C. Robots are indifferent and emotionless. D. Robots are unable to do a job as well as humans. 26. What’s the author’s attitude towards machines? A. He wishes one day they would come to life. B. He is absolutely against their existence in his life. C. He is afraid they would take the place of human beings. D. He doesn’t like they affect his life too much.
C The world’s most popular banana is facing a major health crisis. According to a new study, a disease caused by a powerful fungus（真菌）is killing the Cavendish banana, which accounts for 99% of the banana market around the globe. The disease, called Tropical Race 4 (TR4), has affected banana crops in southeast Asia for decades. In recent years, it has spread to the Middle East and the African nation of Mozambique. Now experts fear the disease will show up in Latin America, where the majority of the world’s bananas are grown. Once a banana plant is infected with TR4, it cannot get water and nutrients. TR4 lives in soil, and can easily end up on a person’s boots. If the contaminated boots are then worn on a field where Cavendish bananas are grown, the disease could be transferred. “Once a field has been contaminated with the disease, you can’t grow Cavendish bananas there anymore,” Ploetz says. Cavendish bananas are popular among consumers. Ploetz says, “Consumers like the way Cavendish looks and tastes.” But Cavendish is also particularly attacked by TR4. “And they are all easily infected with this disease. So once one plant gets infected, it just runs like wildfire throughout that entire plantation.” Bananas have faced this kind of crisis before. In the mid-1900s, the most popular banana at the time was nearly wiped out by an earlier version of TR4. One solution to the problem, Ploetz says, is to try to develop new bananas that can resist TR4. “It really needs to be done, but we don’t have it yet.” He notes that we still have time before we need to worry about the Cavendish banana disappearing. 27. The underlined word “contaminated” in Paragraph 2 can be replaced by “______”. A. replaced B. supplied C. prevented D. infected
28. If a banana plant is infected with TR4, the banana plant will probably die of ____. A. thirst B. cold C. heat D. poison
29. We can infer that the disease, called TR4 can ________. A. last for a long time in the soil C. be prevented from spreading easily 30. which of the following is the best title? A. Hello, Bananas! C. Bananas or TR4? B. Say No to Bananas! D. Bye-Bye, Bananas? B. be cured easily with chemicals D. damage a person’s boots
第二节（共 5 个小题；每小题 2 分，满分 10 分） 根据短文内容，从选项中选出能填入空白处的最佳选项。选项中有两项为多余选项。 Ecotourism 31 It is a new term in today’s tourism industry. But in an age of growing environmental awareness, it is not too difficult for us to imagine and understand this new form of holiday. Ecotourism, which is considered as a kind of responsible tourism, is typically defined(定义) as travel to places where special and unusual plants, animals and cultural heritages(遗产)are the main attractions. 32 Therefore, programs concerning the protection of some natural and cultural spots also form a part of ecotourism. Ecotourism is developing at great speed. According to a recent report by the World Tourism Organization, ecotourism in recent years has enjoyed an annual growth of about 5％worldwide. 33 They include bird watching, hiking, diving, photography and taking part in various kinds of local cultural events. If you love being close to nature, protecting the environment or improving the lives of people then ecotourism is an excellent way to see new and exciting places. 34 However, it looks like some smaller towns and country areas may well become the new destinations for people to visit tomorrow because they are rich in ecological, cultural and historical resources. Ecotourism has been gaining increasing recognition and popularity mainly for the relaxing, natural and vivid experience it offers to tourists. People are attracted to nature and long to be close to it. However, a conflict between nature and human beings is unavoidable. 35 A. It takes ecology and culture into consideration. B. Big cities are still the major places that attract tourists in our society today. C. People can have great fun enjoying nature through ecotourism. D. How to protect natural resources while taking advantage of them is of great importance. E. You may not be very familiar with “ecotourism”. F. The definition of ecotourism is beyond words. G. More than 80 activities have been listed for ecotourism.
第三部分：语言运用（共两节，满分 45 分） 第一节：完形填空（共 20 个小题；每小题 1.5 分，满分 30 分） 阅读下面短文，从短文后各题所给的 A、B、C 和 D 四个选项中,选出可以填入最佳选 项,并在答题卡上将该项涂黑。 Professor Mihaly, from the University of Chicago, has interviewed thousands of people who have a happy life to find out how they do it. “I’ve been studying 36 for over 30 years, ”says Mihaly. “My 37 in the subject came from my own experience as a child during World War II, when I saw many adults 38 by the terrible events. But there were always a few who 39 their courage, helped others, and were able to give a sense of 40 and meaning to their lives. I wanted to find out how a person could 41 a fulfilling （愉快） and enjoyable life. ” In general, his research showed that people were unhappy doing 42 . The professor stresses that happy people don’t 43 time, either at work or when they’re 44 . “Many people 45 that the time they spend at work or at school is wasted. But often their free time is also wasted. Many people are used to doing 46 things — watching television, for example — without using any skills. 47 , life goes past in a series of boring experiences. ” But it doesn't have to be this way. The professor has found that people are 48 when they get into something he calls ‘flow’. When people get involved in a task that they have chosen, and which is well-defined(定义明确的) and challenging, they 49 ‘flow’, a state where they don't notice time passing. They also experience enjoyment. Professor Mihaly makes a contrast(对比) 50 enjoyment and pleasure. “I used to think they were the same thing — but they’re not! 51 is a big bowl of ice cream, or taking a hot bath on a cold day — nothing bad at all! But enjoyment is about doing something and 52 something. It isn’t really important what we do, but it’s more important to do something, feel 53 about it, and try to do it well. ” People who are not used to happiness can 54 how to be happy, says the professor, if they constantly get into ‘flow’ 55 . Is happiness as easy as that? Perhaps it is. 36. A. life B. courage C. war D. happiness 37. A. dream B. interest C. opinion D. addiction 38. A. destroyed B. protected C. removed D. moved 39. A. lost B. missed C. kept D. forgot 40. A. humor B. purpose C. question D. security 41. A. build B. send C. share D. afford 42. A. nothing B. anything C. everything D. something 43. A. take B. make C. waste D. spend 44. A. free B. comfortable C. excited D. busy 45. A. show B. feel C. indicate D. understand 46. A. sensitive B. attractive C. active D. passive 47. A. However B.What's more C. As a result D. Therefore 48. A. happy B. puzzled C. painful D. cautious 49. A. test B. experience C. choose D. practice 50. A. among B. before C. between D. besides 51. A. Comfort B. Pleasure C. Happiness D. Excitement 52. A. making B. finishing C. achieving D. forgetting 53. A. positive B. sorry C. pitiful D. painful 54. A. follow B. learn C. beat D. obtain 55.A. movements B. periods C. standards D. states
英语学科考试 第 II 卷
第三部分：语言运用（共两节，满分 45 分） 第二节（共 10 个小题；每小题 1.5 分，满分 15 分） 阅读下面材料，在空白处填入适当的内容（1 个单词）或括号内单词的正确形式。 Americans love pets. In America, there are more families with pets than those with children. 56 is common that U.S. homes have some sort of pets, such as monkeys, snakes and even wolves. But Americans’ all-time favorites are cats and dogs, 57 dogs can offer protection from thieves and unwelcome visitors and cats can help get rid of home 58 (want) pests. Beneath keeping pets, there lies a basic American 59 (believe): Pets have a right to 60 (treat) well. In Houston, Texas, dogs can have their dinner 61 (deliver) to their homes, just like pizza. Pets can even go with their owners on vacation. Besides, at least 75 animal welfare organizations exist in America 62 provide care and adoption services for homeless and ill-treated animals. To pay 63 the high-tech health care, people can buy health insurance for their pets. Pets are as basic to American culture 64 hot dogs or apple pie. By now researchers 65 (discover) that playing with animals lowers a person’s blood pressure. Pets even encourage social relationships. 第四部分：写作（共两节，满分 40 分） 第一节：应用文写作（满分 15 分） 心理健康对我们非常重要，决定着我们的生活质量。请写一篇题为 “How to keep mental health”的文章， 向校报英文版 Mental Health 投稿。文章应包括以下内容： 1、心理健康的重要性； 2、如何保护心理健康。 （给出 2-3 条建议） 注意： 3、词数 80 左右； 4、可适当增加细节，以使行文连贯。 _____________________________________________________________________________ _____________________________________________________________________________ _____________________________________________________________________________ _____________________________________________________________________________ _____________________________________________________________________________ _____________________________________________________________________________ _____________________________________________________________________________ _____________________________________________________________________________
第二节：读后续写（满分 25 分） I’m a thin girl sitting in the examination hall among my classmates with a sheet of questions in front of me. The only difference between my classmates and me is that they are all busy filling out their sheets, while I am just sitting, staring at the wall in front of me. With no words coming to my rescue, I helplessly glance down at the title of the essay: “ My Father”. Since I do not have a clear impression of him, I can only describe him on the basis of what I have heard from my mother and other relatives. They all told me that he was caring, hard-working, a man of his word and did everything to keep his family happy. They stopped talking about him as suddenly as he disappeared from our lives. He went to work one day and never returned. My mother ran from hospitals to police station and even to mortuaries (太平间) but found no trace of him. He was gone as if he never existed. While growing up I gradually knew he was taken away by security forces because he was against the state. I do not know how far that is true. He was an ordinary man working day in and day out to make ends meet and put food on our table. He was hardly concerned about the state of affairs in Pakistan. I understand that my teachers are probably expecting me to write flowery words about him but how I can be expected to write about a man who never existed. Perhaps, it would be unfair to say he never existed. He still does in my memories. He was a fruit businessman and owned a shop. Every evening he would return from work with dates (枣) or sweets, and his hands were never empty. I also remember that he took me to the Koh-eMuras once; he told me that this was a very sacred (神圣的) place, asking me to fold my hands and ask Allah for whatever I wanted. I remember folding my hands and praying hard for every day to be a happy day. 注意： 1、 所续写短文的词数应为 150 左右。 2、 应使用 5 个以上短文中标有下划线的关键词语。 3、 续写部分分为两段，每段的开头语已为你写好。 4、 续写完成后，请用下划线标出你所使用的关键词语。 Paragraph 1: Ever since I have lost him, I have been faced with a deep sense of loss—a feeling which is difficult for me to describe in words. ______________________________________________ ____________________________________________________________________________ _____________________________________________________________________________ _____________________________________________________________________________ Paragraph 2: Strangely, I am just as hopeful as I am angry._____________________________________ _____________________________________________________________________________ _____________________________________________________________________________ _____________________________________________________________________________ _____________________________________________________________________________
2015 学年第二学期十校联合体高二期末联考参考答案 英 语 试 卷
（满分 150 分，考试时间：120 分钟） 命题： 审题： 第一部分：听力（共两节，满分 30 分） 1-5: CBACA 6-10: CBAAC 11-15: BBCAB 16-20: BACAB
第二部分：阅读理解（共两节，满分 35 分） 第一节（共 10 个小题；每小题 2.5 分，满分 25 分） 21-23 DDB 24-26 ACD 27-30DAAD
第二节（共 5 个小题；每小题 2 分，满分 10 分）
第三部分：语言运用（共两节，满分 45 分） 第一节：完形填空（共 20 个小题；每小题 1.5 分，满分 30 分）
36-40DBACB 41-45AACAB 46-50DCABC 51-55BCABD
第二节语法填空 56. It 57. because 58. unwanted 59 belief 60. be treated 61. delivered 62 which/ that 63 for 64 as 65 have discovered 第四部分 书面表达 应用文范文： How to keep mental health Mental health is something that determines whether we can live a happy life or not. However, mental health is easy to be overlooked. Here is some advice on keeping mental health. First, what matters is to accept yourself for who you are and make practical goals for your life. Second, be sociable and make as many friends as possible and try to be a person easy to get along with. Third, love your life and work and try to get pleasure and satisfaction from your achievements, which can help you keep a good mood. (94 words) 读后续写参考范文： Ever since I have lost him, I have been faced with a deep sense of loss—a feeling which is difficult for me to describe in words. I wish I hadn’t known the truth or my life were not different but as normal as that of the other girls sitting around me in this examination hall. This sense gives me headache and makes me jump from envy to severe hate. I dislike the girls who are taken by their fathers to school; I hate children who are talking proudly about bed time stories read by their fathers. These events constantly remind me of his absence and how different my life is from other girls of my age. Strangely, I am just as hopeful as I am angry. Every knock on the door fills me with
expectation. I immediately picture him walking through the door, a box of dates in his hands. Families get together and talk about good times in my house. When we get together, we all gather in front of the television praying to catch a glance of his face. I follow every bit of news that could be connected with his disappearance. Most days I wish for his safe return. (166 words) 听力部分 录音稿 (Text 1) W: What are we going to get for Lydia’s birthday? M: How about a pair of running shoes? W: You know she hates doing exercise. M: Then I guess we can buy her a birthday cake. (Text 2) M: Excuse me. Do you have time to help take a picture of us? W: Oh, I’m sorry. I’ve got to catch a bus. M: That’s OK. (Text 3) M: It really annoys me when Kate calls her friends during office hours. W: If I were you, I would tell her to stop. M: Maybe you’re right. I will talk to her sometime. (Text 4) M: Here’s the menu, Madame. Would you like something to drink? W: Yes, please. May I see the wine list? M: Certainly. Here you are. (Text 5) M: We need to have some fresh air. Do you mind my opening the window? W: As a matter of fact, I’m feeling a bit cold. (Text 6) M: Guess what I’ll be doing this summer? W: What? M: I’m going to work at the Riverside Hotel. W: What exactly will you be doing? M: Let’s see. I’ll be doing some small repairs inside and outside the hotel. I’ll be cutting grass and taking care of the flowers. W: Sounds interesting. What’s the pay? M: Well, uh … about fifteen dollars an hour, five hours a day, and Sunday free. W: That’s good money. What are you going to do with it? M: I’ll pay for the textbooks for next term. (Text 7)
M: Hi, Sue. How’s it going? W: Oh, hi, Frank, just fine. How are your classes? M: Pretty good. I’m glad this is my last term here, though. W: Why is that? I thought you were enjoying school. M: I was. But now I’m getting tired of it. I’m ready for the real world. W: What are you planning to do when you graduate? M: First, I want to get a job as a computer programmer, and then after five years or so, I’d like to start my own business. W: Sounds good. I still have three terms to go until I’m done. M: You’ll make it for sure. Well, see you later. W: Bye! (Text 8) M: Hello, Milton Hotel Reservations. How may I assist you? W: Hi, I’m calling to make some changes to an existing reservation. M: Certainly. Do you have the reservation number? W: Sure, it’s 219. M: That’s a reservation for Sally Menkel. Is that right? W: Yes, that’s right. I’d like to change the check-in date from September 15 to September 16. M: Certainly. I can make that change for you. Is that the only change? W: No, the check-out date will also change from the 23rd to the 24th. M: No problem. We have you arriving on the 16th of September and leaving the 24th of September — altogether, eight nights. Will there be anything else? W: Yes. Instead of a courtyard room, I’d like a room with a view, preferably on an upper floor. M: I can certainly change that for you, but there will be a change in the room rate. The new rate is $199 per night, instead of the original $179. W: That’s OK. These are all the changes. Thank you very much. M: You’re welcome. Have a nice day! (Text 9) W: Gordon, I’m going to Keswick in the Lake District this weekend. M: Really? W: Yeah, five of us. Why don’t you join us? We’re getting to Keswick on Friday. Then we’re going boating on Saturday. And on Sunday, we’re going to do some shopping. Then I will take some time to visit my aunt Lucy. M: You’re not going to camp, are you? Isn’t it a bit cold? W: No, we’re not. It is a bit cold. We’re staying in a country inn. It’s not like five-star hotels or anything. But it’s really comfortable. M: Hmm, sounds interesting. You know, it’s the boating that I don’t like. W: Well, what are you up to?
M: Sit on my sofa all weekend and watch the DVDs I’ve just bought. And that will be a busy weekend. I may finish watching Friends. W: I don’t know how you can do that all weekend, Gordon. I’d get bored. M: I know, I know. But that’s really what I want to do. (Text 10) M: Hello. Welcome to the program. In America, May and June are the traditional months for graduations. A listener in China, Wang Ming, who is about to get an engineering degree, wants to know how American college graduates find jobs. Right now, the answer is: not very easily. A latest study on the college job market showed that employers wanted to hire 22% fewer graduates this year than last. The study also showed that just 20% of those who looked for jobs before graduation have found one by now. This is compared to half of students who had looked for a job by this time two years ago. But one difference: fewer of this year’s graduates have started to search for jobs. Engineering graduates were more likely to have started their job search already, and to have accepted a job. This is among the best-paid professions for people with just a college degree. On average, engineering majors expect to start at about $62,000 a year.
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