肇庆市中小学教学质量评估 2016 届高中毕业班第一次统一检测题英
本试卷共 8 页，卷面满分 120 分．考试用时 120 分钟. 注意事项： 1. 答卷前，考生务必用黑色字迹的钢笔或签字笔，将自己所在县（市、区） 、姓名、试 室号、座位号填写在答题卷上对应位置，再用 2B 铅笔在准考证号填涂区将考号涂黑．
2. 选择题每小题选出答案后，用 2B 铅笔把答题卷上对应题目的答案标号涂黑；如需改 动，用橡皮擦干净后，再选涂其它答案，答案不能写在试卷或草稿纸上． 3. 非选择题必须用黑色字迹的钢笔或签字笔作答，答案必须写在答题卷各题目指定区域 内相应的位置上；如需改动，先划掉原来的答案，然后再在答题区内写上新的答案； 不准使用铅笔和涂改液．不按以上要求作答的答案无效．
第一部分 阅读理解 （共两节，满分 40 分）
第一节 （共 15 小题;每小题 2 分，满分 30 分） 阅读下面短文，从每题所给的四个选项 （A 、B 、C 和 D ）中 ，选出最佳选项，并 在答题卡上将该项涂黑。 A Shopping for clothes is not the same experience for a man as it is for a woman. A man goes shopping because he needs something. All men simply walk into a shop and ask the assistant for what they want. If the shop has it in stock, the salesman immediately finds it, and the business of trying it on follows at once. All being well, the deal can be and often is completed in less than five minutes. For a man, small problems may begin when the shop doesn't have what he wants. In that case, the saleswoman tries to sell the customer something else. "I know this jacket is not the style you want, sir, but would you like to try it for size? It happens to be the colour you mentioned." Few men have patience with this treatment, and the usual response is: "This is the right colour and may be the right size, but I should be wasting my time and yours by trying it on." However, a woman in almost every respect does so in the opposite way. Her shopping is not often based on need and she is only "having a look around". She is always open to persuasion; indeed she sets great store by what the saleswoman tells her. She will try on any number of things. Most women have an excellent sense of value when they buy clothes. They are always on the lookout for the unexpected bargain. Faced with a roomful of dresses, a woman may easily spend an hour going from one room to another, often retracing her steps, before selecting the dresses she wants to try on. It is a laborious process, but apparently an enjoyable one. Most dress shops provide chairs for the waiting husbands. 1. The underlined part “sets great store ” in paragraph 3 means_____. A. has much information about B. knows nothing about C. believes in D. has her doubts about 2. What does the passage tell us about women shoppers for clothes? A. They welcome suggestions from others. B. They rarely consider buying cheap clothes. C. They predict what they want to buy. D. They listen to advice but never take it.
3. What can we learn from the passage? A. Men never buy what they need. B. A man’s shopping is often based on need. C. A woman goes shopping in order to look for cheap things. D. A woman’s shopping is never based on need. B It’s hard to find Alice Munro in the media. Even after she won the 2013 Nobel Prize in Literature, the Canadian writer just appeared for a quick interview and then dropped out of sight. On Dec 29, she still didn't seek the spotlight（聚光灯）when she was named one of the five Women of the Year by the Financial Times. In Munro's eyes, ordinary lives always hide larger dramas. So she records what we casually think of as the everyday actions of normal people. She often focuses on life in her hometown, a small village in Ontario which she is most familiar with. She writes about the ordinary things in the village －fox forming, trees filled in the Ontario wilderness, poor country alcohol and long last illnesses. Above all, she talks about girls and women who have seemingly ordinary lives but struggle against daily misfortune. She has a special talent for uncovering the extraordinary in the ordinary. These are ordinary people, ordinary stories, but she has the magic. Her precise language, depth of detail and the logic of her storytelling have made her stories inviting. Runaway, one of Munro’s representative works, is a good example of her writing style. One of the stories centers on the life of an ordinary woman Carla, who lives in a small Canadian town with her husband Clark. The story slowly forms a picture of Carla, trapped in a bad marriage, her unhappiness building into desperation until she decided to flee. The story of Carla is a story of the power and betrayals of love. It is about lost children and lots of chances that we can all find in life. There is pain beneath the surface, like a needle in the heart. Since she published her first collection of short stories in 1968, Munro has won many awards, with the Nobel Prize being her biggest honor. On Oct 10, 2013, the Nobel Prize committee named Munro the “master of the contemporary short story”. 4. We learn from Paragraph 1 that Alice Munro_____ A．didn't get on well with the media B．remained modest though very successful C．didn’t value the title of Women of the Year D．was surprised at winning the Nobel Prize 5. What makes Alice Munro’s stories fascinating according to the text? A．Her writing techniques B．The complicated plots C．The humorous language D．Her rich imagination 6. In her representative work Runaway, Carla_____ A．leads a happy life with Clark B．is a faithful wife to her husband C．loses all hopes for a better life D．tries to run away from her husband 7. What is the text mainly about? A．Alice Munro and her hometown B．The awards Alice Munro won C．Alice Munro and her writing style D．Alice Munro’s literary life C There is a very instructive incident involving the life of Alexander, the great Greek king. Alexander, after conquering many kingdoms, was returning home. On the way, he fell ill and it took him to his death bed. With death staring him in his face, Alexander realized how his conquests, his great army, his sharp sword and all his wealth were of no consequence. So, he lay helplessly waiting to breathe his last. He called his generals and said, “I will depart from this world soon. I have three
wishes. Please carry them out without fail.” “My first desire is that,” said Alexander, “My physicians alone must carry my coffin(棺材).” After a pause, he continued, “Secondly, I desire that when my coffin is being carried to the grave, the path leading to the graveyard be strewn（撒满）with gold, silver and precious stones which I have collected.” The king continued， “My third and last wish is that both my hands be kept hanging out of my coffin.” Alexander ’s favorite general kissed his hand and pressed them to his heart. “Oh King, we assure you that your wishes will all be fulfilled. But tell us why do you make such strange wishes?” At this Alexander took a deep breath and said, “I would like the world to know of the three lessons I have just learnt. I want my physicians to carry my coffin because people should realize that no doctor can really cure anybody. They are powerless and cannot save a person from the clutches of death. So let people not take life for granted. The second wish of strewing gold, silver and other riches on the way to the graveyard is to tell people that not even a bit of gold will come with me. I spent all my life earning riches but cannot take anything with me. Let people realize that it is just a waste of time to chase wealth. And about my third wish of having my hands hanging out of the coffin, I wish people to know that I came empty-handed into this world and empty-handed I go out of this world.” With these words, the king closed his eyes. Soon he let death conquer him and breathed his last. 8. The first paragraph suggests that Alexander _________. A. was conquering many kingdoms. B. realized that what he got in his life was nothing to him at all. C. wanted to leave as he came empty-handed. D. regarded his conquests, his great army, his sharp sword and all his wealth as the most important things. 9. The underlined word “clutches” in paragraph 3 means “_______”. A. sentence B. attention C. control D. shadow 10. The author intends to ________. A. tell us the story of Alexander B. introduce readers to the instructive lessons of Alexander C. stress the powers of Alexander the Great D. persuade people to realize what Alexander said 11. What would be the best title for the passage? A. The Death of Alexander. C. Three Wishes of Alexander B. The Greed of Alexander D. The Life of Alexander D Brownie and Spotty were neighbor dogs who met every day to play together. These two loved each other and played together so often that they had worn a path through the grass of the field between their respective houses. One evening, Brownie’s family noticed that Brownie hadn’t returned home. They went looking for him with no success and by the next week he was still missing. Curiously, Spotty showed up at Brownie’s house alone. Barking, whining (哀叫) and generally pestering (纠缠) Brownie’s human family. Busy with their own lives, they just ignored the nervous little neighbor dog.
Continuously, Ted, Brownie’s owner, was disturbed by the angry, determined little dog. Spotty followed Ted about, barking insistently, then rushing toward a nearby empty lot and back, as if to say, “Follow me! It’s urgent!” Eventually, Ted followed Spotty to a deserted spot half a mile from the house. There Ted found his beloved Brownie alive, one of his hind legs crushed in a steel leg-hold trap. Horrified, Ted now wished he’d taken Spotty’s earlier appeals seriously. Then Ted noticed something quite remarkable. Spotty had done more than simply led Brownie’s human owner to his trapped friend. In a circle around the injured dog, Ted found an array of dog food and table scraps which were later identified as the remains of every meal Spotty had been fed that week! Spotty had been visiting Brownie regularly, in the hope of keeping his friend alive by sacrificing his own comfort. Spotty had evidently stayed with Brownie to protect him from hunger and other dangers, and keep his spirits up. Brownie’s leg was treated by a veterinarian (兽医) and he recovered. For many years thereafter, the two families watched the faithful friends chasing each other down that well worn path between their houses. 12. Why did Ted pay little attention to Spotty at the very beginning? A. Because Ted was tired of listening to Spotty barking. B. Because Ted only cared about Brownie’s safety. C. Because Ted was not free at that moment. D. Because Ted knew where Brownie was. 13. When Ted was led by Spotty to Brownie, he_________. A. was curious to find out what had happened C. was worried about Brownie’s health B. highly appreciated Spotty’s help D. regretted not following Spotty earlier
14. Not only did Spotty help Ted find Brownie but also_________. A. he went to see his friend and played with him secretly B. he sent messages to some other persons in his community to save his friend C. he managed to lead a veterinarian to treat his friend D. he sent food to his friend, accompanied him and inspired him to cheer up 15. What can we learn from the story? A. Barking dogs seldom bite. C. Love me, love my dog. 第二节 （共 5 小题；每小题 2 分，满分 10 分） 根据短文内容，从短文后的选项中选出能填入空白处的最佳选项。选项中有两项为多余 选项。 There are a lot of things you can do to help protect yourself and others from water pollution! 1. Don’t drink water directly from a stream, river, or lake. Imagine a nice summer day when you are walking in the woods with some friends. Maybe you are even going camping. 2. 17 If your home uses a well for drinking water, ask an adult to have it tested every year by a laboratory. The lab can check to make sure there is no pollution in your well. You can also buy 16 It’s a hot day. Should you take a drink of the river water? No! Never! Even though the water looks clean, it’s very likely that bacteria live in it. B. A friend in need is a friend indeed. D. Every dog has its day.
kits(装备) at a local hardware store to test your water. 3. Find out what your community is doing to protect your water source and get involved. Perhaps your community cleans up a local stream a few times a year. leaders to see what you can do to make a difference to our earth. 4. Filter(过滤) and / or boil your water if needed. If you know that there are dangerous things in your water like bacteria or lead, you should filter and／or boil your water. An adult can help you with this. You should boil your drinking water if you know that it has bacteria in it. Boiling water will kill the bacteria. filter to take out some chemicals. 5. Take used motor oil to a recycling center. 20 Or do you ever help your mom or dad change the oil on their car? If you do, remember that you can’t just throw the dirty oil away. Used motor oil must be recycled. A. You could help! B. Get your water tested. C. Are you old enough to drive? D. Boiling water is very safe for us to drink. E. You come upon a river and you are very, very thirsty. F. Boiling water will not remove things like lead, though. G. Test the water you drink in a laboratory by yourself every day. 19 And you may need a 18 Check with local
第二部分 英语知识运用（共两节，满分 45 分）
第一节 完形填空（共 20 小题；每小题 1.5 分，满分 30 分） 阅读下面短文，从短文后各题所给的四个选项（A、B、C 和 D）中，选出可以填入空白 处的最佳选项，并在答题卡上将该项涂黑。 I’m a neat person. If you were to open my drawers, you’d see shirts with shirts, pants with pants and everything folded 21 . I like knowing where things are and being able to 23 a room has been upsetting. 24 how our 28 22 them quickly. But my elder sister is the messy one. So room looked. The keep our bedroom 25
When we were in elementary school, I was too busy playing with my toys to 26 . This was easy for me because I was 29 30 27
started in middle school. We lived with our aunt and she required us to clean. But it was her drawers, it would last for
for my sister. Even when my sister did put things away and only two weeks at most. After about a week she got too the second week, I usually helped her clean However, I 32 said “thank you”, I felt she wasn’t her organize them if she truly 34 I hope that some day she’ll some day. I know I probably won’t have my own 39 33 31
to keep her things in place. After
I knew it would get messy in two weeks.
helping her a few months ago as I was tired of this. Though she always . She would have kept the drawers the way I had helped 35 her being messy. 37 my help. Now I just 38
36 . I don’t know if this will happen. But people will
her if she has her own house some day. I don’t
her to be famous for having a messy home 40 I’ll
while in high school, but I hope in
have a neat roommate. 21. A. finally 22. A. throw 23. A. picking 24. A. care about 25. A. designs 26. A. empty 27. A. hardly 28. A. hard 29. A. examine 30. A. lazy 31. A. so that 32. A. started 33. A. smart 34. A. appreciated 35. A. find 36. A. survive 37. A. ask 38. A. command 39. A. helper 40. A. college B. quickly B. find B. decorating B. laugh at B. comments B. special B. seldom B. unnecessary B. organize B. sorry B. if only B. forgot B. sincere B. needed B. suggest B. change B. contact B. warn B. room B. hospital C. simply C. make C. sharing C. compare with C. memories C. clean C. necessarily C. funny C. get C. busy C. even though C. considered C. kind C. asked for C. ignore C. regret C. support C. want C. family C. school D. neatly D. buy D. handling D. decide on D. problems D. dry D. naturally D. shocking D. keep D. angry D. as if D. stopped D. careful D. referred to D. forgive D. continue D. judge D. tell D. right D. office
第 II 卷
注意事项：用 0.5 毫米黑色笔迹的签字笔将答案写在答题卡上。写在本试卷上无效。 第二部分 英语知识运用（共两节，满分 45 分）
第二节（共 10 小题；每小题 1.5 分，满分 15 分） 阅读下面材料，在空白处填入适当的内容（不多于 3 个单词）或括号内单词的正确形式。 I really love my job because I enjoy ____41_____（work）with small kids. I think my work is important. However，there was a time when I ____42_____（think）I would never have that sort of career. I wasn't an excellent student and in my final term I found I wasn't the type to have a career. I then found ____43_____ （ me ） a job. Looking after two little girls wasn't too bad at first. ___44____the problems began when I agreed to live in. I was getting _____45_____ （extreme） tired and fed up，because I had too many late nights and early mornings with the ____46_____（child） ． One Sunday，I met Megan，_____47____used to go to school with me. l told her about my situation. She suggested that I should do a course and get a qualification. I didn't think I would be
_____48_____ （ succeed) ． She persuaded me to phone the local college and I was finally _____49_____（accept） ．My experience helped me a lot. Now I've got a full-time job at a kindergarten．I shall always be thankful _____50_____Megan．
第三部分 写作（共两节；满分 35 分）
第一节短文改错（共 10 小题；每小题 1 分，满分 10 分） 假如英语课上老师要求同桌之间交换修改作文，请你修改你同桌写的以下作文，文中共 有 10 处语言错误，每句中最多有两处，每处错误仅涉及一个单词的增加、删除或修改。 增加：在缺词处加一个漏词符号（∧）并在其下面写出该加的词。 删除：把多余的词用斜线(＼)划掉。 修改：在错的词下面划一横线，并在该词下面写出修改后的词。
2．只允许修改 10 处，多者（从第 11 处起）不计分。 Tina and I had been good friend for years. We often did things together, so one day Tina didn’t talk to me and just sat by herself. I don’t know what was wrong. I thought about what I had done and said recent. Was Tina upset because I had done well in the history test than her? No, she was happy that I did well in school. I decided find out what was the matter. I walked over to there Tina was sitting. “Tina,” I said softly, “Is anything wrong?” He answered sadly, “Yes. My cat died on last night.” I finally knew the reason what she didn’t talk to me and comforted her.
书面表达（满分 25 分）
假定你是班长李华，请根据以下内容给新任外教 Smith 先生写一封信, 向他表示欢迎并 转达同学们对英语课的希望： 1. 介绍西方文化； 2. 组织多样活动； 3. 关注学生发音, 提高听说能力。 注意： 1．词数 100 左右； 2．可以适当增加细节，以使行文连贯； 3．开头已为你写好。 Dear Mr. Smith, I’m writing on behalf of my class to extend our warm welcome to you. Here are some of our
expectations for your English class. _________________________________________________________________________________ _________________________________________________________________________________ _________________________________________________________________________________ _________________________________________________________________________________ _________________________________________________________________________________ _________________________________________________________________________________ _________________________________________________________________________________ _________________________________________________________________________________ _________________________________________________________________________________ Yours truly, Li Hua
高 三 英 语笔试部分参考答案
第一部分：阅读理解 第一节 1—3 CAB 4—7 BADC 8-11 BCBC 12—15 CDDB 第二节 16-20 EBAFC 第二部分： 第一节 完形填空 21—25 DBCAD 26—30 CDABA 31—35 CDBAC 36—40 BDCBA 第二节 语法填空 41. working 42. thought 43. myself 44. But 45. extremely 46. children 47. who 48. successful 49. accepted 50. to 第三部分 第一节
注意：1、每处错误及其修改均仅限一词； 2、只允许修改 10 处，多者（从第 11 处起）不计分。 3、找出错误，但没有改正错误，不得分。
Tina and I had been good friend for years. We often did things together, so one day
Tina didn’t talk to me and just sat by herself. I don’t know what was wrong. I thought
about what I had done and said recent. Was Tina upset because I had done well in the
history test than her? No, she was happy that I did well in school. I decided ∧find out
what was the matter. I walked over to there Tina was sitting. “Tina,” I said softly, “Is
anything wrong?” He answered sadly, “Yes. My cat died on last night.” I finally knew
the reason what she didn’t talk to me and comforted her.
第二节【参考范文】 Dear Mr. Smith, I’m writing on behalf of my class to extend our warm welcome to you. Here are some of our expectations for your English class. First, we’d like to have topics in class about Western culture. We are all very interested in knowing more about the culture behind the language. Besides, we’d appreciate various activities to get everyone involved and to make classes interesting. Last but not least, please give us some guidance and training in our pronunciation, because we think we are weak in it. And we are all eager to have our listening and speaking abilities improved. We hope that we are able to speak English fluently and clearly just as you native speakers do. Thank you very much. We are looking forward to meeting you soon! Yours truly, Li Hua 作文各档次的给分范围和要求 高考英语书面表达全国卷评分标准 (一)评分原则： 1、本题总分为 25 分，按 5 个档次给分。 2、评分时，先根据文章的内容和语言初步确定其所属档次，然后以该档次的 要求来衡量，确定或调整档次，最后给分。 3、词数少于 80，从总分中减去 2 分。 超字数不扣分。 4、评分时应注意的主要内容为：内容要点、应用词汇和语法结构的数量和准 确性及上下文的连贯性。 5、拼写与标点符号是语言准确性的一个方面。评分时应视其对交际的影响程 度予以考虑。英、美拼写及词汇用法均可接受。 第五档（21～25 分）完全完成了试题规定的任务。
·覆盖所有内容要点。 ·应用了较多的语法结构和词汇。 ·语法结构或词汇方面有些许错误，但为尽力使用较复杂结构或较高级词汇所 致;具备较强的语言运用能力。 ·有效地使用了语句间的连接成分，使全文结构紧凑。 完全达到了预期的写作目的。 第四档（16～20 分）完全完成了试题规定的任务。 ·虽漏掉 1、2 个次重点，但覆盖所有主要内容。 ·应用的语法结构和词汇能满足任务的要求。 ·语法结构或词汇方面应用基本准确，些许错误主要是因尝试较复杂语法结构 或词汇所致。 ·应用简单的语句间的连接成分，使全文结构紧凑。 达到了预期的写作目的。 第三档（11～15 分）基本完成了试题规定的任务。 ·虽漏掉一些内容，但覆盖所有主要内容。 ·应用的语法结构和词汇能满足任务的要求。 ·有一些语法结构或词汇方面的错误，但不影响理解。 ·应用简单的语句间的连接成分，使全文内容连贯。 整体而言，基本达到了预期的写作目的。 第二档（6～10 分）未恰当完成试题规定的任务。 ·漏掉或未描述清楚一些主要内容，写了一些无关内容。 ·语法结构单调、词汇项目有限。 ·有一些语法结构或词汇方面的错误，影响了对写作内容的理解。 ·较少使用语句间的连接成分，内容缺少连贯性。 信息未能清楚地传达给读者。 第一档（1～5 分）未完成试题规定的任务。 ·明显遗漏主要内容，写了一些无关内容，原因可能是未理解试题要求。 ·语法结构单调、词汇项目有限。 ·较多语法结构或词汇方面的错误，影响对写作内容的理解。 ·缺乏语句间的连接成分，内容不连贯。 信息未能传达给读者。 不得分（0 分）
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