内科大附中高二年级英语第一次周考（满分 60 分，40 分钟）
一．根据汉语意思写出对应的短语（2*13=26） 1. 发生__________________ 3.穿上；盛装；打扮____________________ 5.期望；期待____________________ 7.出现，到场_________________ 9.屏
息______________________ 11. 出发，爆炸 ______________ 13.关小，调低，拒绝______________ 2.纪念_________________ 4.搞恶作剧________________ 6.使…想起…__________________ 8.守信用_________________ 10.玩的开心_________________ 12. 因做某事向某人道歉 ______________________
二．阅读理解(2*12=24) A Low-Cost Gifts for Mother's Day Gift No.1 Offer to be your mother's health friend. Promise to be there for any and all doctor's visits whether a disease or a regular medical checkup. Most mothers always say “no need，” but another set of eyes and ears is always a good idea at a doctor's visit. The best part? This one is free. Gift No.2 Help your mother organize all of her medical records, which include the test results and medical information. Put them all in one place. Be sure to make a list of all of her medicines and what times she takes them. “Having all this information in one place could end up saving your mother's life，” Dr.Marie Savard said. Gift No.3 Enough sleep is connected to general health conditions. “Buy your mother cotton sheets and comfortable pillows to encourage better sleep，” Savard said. “We know that good sleep is very important to our health.” Gift No.4 Some gift companies such as Presents for Purpose allow you to pay it forward this Mother's Day by picking gifts in which 10 percent of the price you pay goes to a charity (慈善机构). Gift givers can choose from a wide variety of useful but inexpensive things — many of which are “green” — and then choose a meaningful charity from a list.When your mother gets the gift, she will be told that she has helped the chosen charity. 1．What are you advised to do for your mother at doctor's visits? A．Take notes. C．Buy medicine. B．Be with her. D．Give her gifts.
2．What can be a gift of organization for your mother? A．Keeping her medical information together. B．Buying all gifts for her from one company. C．Making a list of her medical checkups. D．Storing her medicines in a safe place. 3．Where can you find a gift idea to improve your mother's sleep? A．In Gift No.1. C．In Gift No.3. B．In Gift No.2. D．In Gift No.4.
4．Buying gifts from Presents for Purpose allows mothers to ________. A．enjoy good sleep C．get extra support B．be wellorganized D．give others help
B Below is a selection from a popular science book. If blood is red, why are veins (静脉) blue? Actually, veins are not blue at all. They are more of a clear.yellowish colour, Although blood looks red when it's outside the body, when it's sitting in a vein near the surface of the skin, it's more of a dark reddish purple colour. At the right depth, these bloodfilled veins reflect less red light than the surrounding skin, making them look blue by comparison. Which works harder, your heart or your brain? That kind of depends on whether you're busy thinking or busy exercising.Your heart works up to three times harder during exercise, and shifts enough blood over a lifetime to fill a supertanker.But, in the long run, your brain probably tips it, because even when you're sitting still your brain is using twice as much energy as your heart, and it takes four to five times as much blood to feed it. Why do teeth fall out, and why don't they grow back in grownups? Baby(or “milk”) teeth do not last long; they fall out to make room for bigger, stronger adult teeth later on. Adult teeth fall out when they become damaged, decayed and infected by bacteria.Once this second set of teeth has grown in, you're done. When they're gone, they're gone .This is because nature figures you're set for life, and what controls regrowth of your teeth switches off. Do old people shrink as they age? Yes and no. Many people do get shorter as they age. But, when they do, it isn't because they're shrinking all over.They simply lose height as their spine (脊柱) becomes shorter and more curved due to disuse and the
effects of gravity (重力)． Many (but not all) men and women do lose height as they get older. Men lose an average of 3－4 cm in height as they age, while women may lose 5 cm or more.If you live to be 200 years old, would you keep shrinking till you were, like 60 cm tall, like a little boy again? No, because old people don't really shrink! It is not that they are growing backwards — their legs, arms and backbones getting shorter.When they do get shorter, it's because the spine has shortened a little.Or, more often, become more bent and curved.
Why does spinning make you dizzy (眩晕的)? Because your brain gets confused between what you're seeing and what you're feeling. The brain senses that you're spinning using special gravityandmotionsensing organs in your inner ear, which work together with your eyes to keep your vision and balance stable .But when you suddenly stop spinning the system goes out of control, and your brain thinks you're moving while you're not! Where do feelings and emotions come from? Mostly from an ancient part of the brain called the limbic system .All mammals have this brain area — from mice to dogs, cats, and humans.So all mammals feel basic emotions like fear, pain and pleasure .But since human feelings also involve other, newer bits of the brain, we feel more complex emotions than any other animal on the planet. If exercise wears you out, how can it be good for you? Because our bodies adapt to everything we do to them. And as far as your body is concerned, it's “use it, or lose it”！ It's not that exercise makes you healthy; it's more that a lack of exercise leaves your body weak and easily affected by disease. 5．What is the colour of blood in a vein near the surface of the skin? A．Blue. C．Red. B．Light yellow. D．Dark reddish purple.
6．Why do some old people look a little shrunken as they age? A．Because their spine is in active use. B．Because they are more easily affected by gravity. C．Because they keep growing backwards. D．Because their spine becomes more bent. 7．Which of the following statements about our brain is TRUE? A．In the long run, our brain probably works harder than our heart. B．When our brain senses the spinning, we will feel dizzy. C．The brains of the other mammals are as complex as those of humans. D．Our feelings and emotions come from the most developed area in our brain. 8．What is the main purpose of the selection? A．To give advice on how to stay healthy. B．To provide information about our body. C．To challenge new findings in medical research. D．To report the latest discoveries in medical science.
C The Healthy Habits Survey (调查) shows that only about one third of American seniors have correct habits. Here are some findings and expert advice. 1.How many times did you brush your teeth yesterday？ · Finding：A full 33% of seniors brush their teeth only once a day. · Step：Remove the 300 types of bacteria in your mouth each morning with a batteryoperated toothbrush. Brush gently for 2 minutes， at least twice a day. 2.How many times did you wash your hands or bathe yesterday？ · Finding：Seniors， on average， bathe fewer than 3 days a week. And nearly 30%wash their hands only 4 times a day — half of the number doctors recommend. · Step：We touch our faces around 3，000 times a day — often inviting germs ?病菌? to enter our mouth， nose， and eyes. Use toilet paper to avoid touching the door handle. And， most important， wash your hands often with hot running water and soap for 20 seconds. 3.How often do you think about fighting germs？ · Finding：Seniors are not fighting germs as well as they should. · Step：Be aware of germs. Do you know it is not your toilet but your kitchen sponge ?海绵? that can carry more germs than anything else？ To kill these germs， keep your sponge in the microwave for 10 seconds.
9．What is found out about American seniors? A．Most of them have good habits. B．Nearly 30% of them bathe three days a week. C．All of them are fighting germs better than expected. D．About one third of them brush their teeth only once a day. 10．Doctors suggest that people should wash their hands ________. A．twice a day C．four times a day B．three times a day D．eight times a day
11．Which of the following is true according to the text? A．We should keep from touching our faces. B．There are less than 300 types of bacteria in the mouth. C．A kitchen sponge can carry more germs than a toilet.
D．We should wash our hands before touching a door handle. 12．The text probably comes from ________. A．a guide book C．a book review B．a popular magazine D．an official document
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