【增分专练】第二节 语法填空（共 10 个小题；每小题 1.5 分，满分 15 分） 阅读下面材料，在空白处填入适当的内容（不多于 3 个单词）或括号内单词的正确形式。 Passage 1 Aesop(伊索) was a slave living around 550 BC. We call the stories he wrote
fables, as every story has a moral. Almost all the fables he wrote are ___61___ (humor) and entertaining, appealing to people ___62____ all ages. To date, Aesop’s fables ____63____ (translate) into many languages and are known all over the world. Not only ___64___ the fables themselves lived for nearly 1500 years, but ___65___ (express) from them have entered various languages. One fable, for instance, is about a farmer who was driving his cart along a country road. The cart got ___66___ (stick) in the mud, but the farmer made ___67___ effort to get it out. Instead, he began to pray to the gods for help. The god Hercules finally appeared and told ___68___ man to get busy and push ___69___. “Push your shoulder to the wheel.” Hercules advised. The moral of the story is clear. We mustn’t rely on others for help. Another saying which has come from the fable is “God helps those ___70___ help themselves.”
Passage 2 When Jack was a small boy, he was once asked to give a speech about “A Big Challenge in My Life”. To talk before the whole class, he was so many eyes 42 (stare) at him. He had no other 41 (terrible) shy the moment he thought of 43 (choose), though. First Jack was to draft
the speech, which was just a piece of cake for him because he was a good writer. But the hard part 44 (lie) in his oral presentation, for it was not allowed to read from the paper. He had to give the speech 45 his memory and in front of such a big audience! A real trial began when Jack stood on the platform with his legs trembling and his mind blank. How much time had passed by, he didn’t know. His listeners were still waiting patiently and without any signs of laughing. Gradually he found himself back, 46 (give) out his speech without much difficulty. After what seemed to be a hundred years, he found the audience applauding. He made 47 ! From then on, his fear of talking before an audience disappeared. Actually with his confidence 48 (build) up, Jack now turns out to be a great speaker. As we know, the greater difficulty we meet on our way to 49 (success), the 50 likely we will be to achieve our goals.
Passage 3 Hongbao, a red envelope containing small 61 of money, is a gift that 62 (guarantee) to
be warmly received, not just because of the cash, but also because of its traditional symbolism and 63 (good) wishes for the future. The tradition has survived millennia(千年) and giving
hongbao to children and 64 elderly remains popular among Chinese people all over the world. It has also made 65 way into workplaces where bosses often give employees hongbao, 66 (hope)
their companies and staff members have a good start. And most 67 (recent), the tradition of red envelopes has moved into the virtual world. Companies have adopted online marketing strategies 68 hongbao are distributed. The first two days of this Spring Festival 69 (see) more than
5 million people nationwide taking part in online red envelope activities, 70 more than 20 million red envelopes being handed out.
Passage 4 There is much discussion about the necessity of daily homework for students. Some say homework is necessary since only practice 41 (make) perfect, while others disagree. In my opinion,
daily homework is necessary for students. However, this might be misleading that one may believe all forms of homework form is 43 42 necessary. Actually , only proper amount of homework in proper 44
( accept); some homework may not only fail to help the students, but on
contrary bore them so much that they may lose their interest in studying. “Proper” homework, in my opinion, should 45 (vary) in its forms, 46 might be some extensive reading, a 47
paper, or even just a game, as well as other ordinary exercise. And it should leave enough
(free) to the students so that they could do things they really like to do with self-motivation, rather than unwillingness. We should always remember that homework is something for us to guide the students, rather than 48 (drive) them. Only if a teacher 49 (keep) this 50
his/her mind, the homework could be of most help to the students.
Passage 5 A farmer once organized a competition between his dog and his rabbit. He dug a hole in one of his biggest fields, and hid a carrot and a bone in it. He wanted to see find them first. The 42 (cheer) and optimistic rabbit threw himself into looking for the carrot, 43 41 animal would
(dig) here and there, totally convinced that he would find it. But the dog, after sniffing around for a bit, 44 (lie) down and began to complain about how difficult it was to find one bone
in such a big field. The rabbit dug 45 hours, and with every new hole the dog complained even more about how 46 the rabbit thought that each hole dug was one 47 (leave) to
difficult this was, even for the rabbit.
hole less that needed to be dug. When there was no place in the whole field dig, the rabbit dug a tunnel right to found the carrot and the bone. This is how the dog lost the game. He had come to but failed to find the bone 50 49 48
the dog had been lying all the time. There he
right place at the very beginning
he only complained and didn't try at all.
Steve is interviewing the famous biographer（传记作家）Caren Thomas.
Steve Thomas, 61. and your new books? Garen Of course. Steve Where were you born? Garen I was born in Chicago, but I spent most of my childhood in New York. Steve 62. was your childhood like? a famous writer, would you please tell us something about yourself
Garen I had pretty strict parents. They wished me to be successful in studies. So I think my childhood was 63. Steve Do you get along well 64. （bore）and I was always complaining about it. your parents now? （understand）their loves
Garen Oh sure, I have reached middle age now. So far I 65. to me. Steve Where did you go to university? Garen I graduated 66.
Yale University with a degree in English Literature.
Steve How did you start writing? Garen I like writing from young, 67. it is not easy for me to enter this occupation.
You know, I once worked in companies. I started writing for magazines and eventually was 68. Steve 69. （ask） to write books, so I was pretty lucky. did you begin to write the book about the president Obama? （ take ） me 6 months to prepare for it,
Garen From the beginning of 2008, it 70.
interviewing and finding information about him. Obama told me many stories about his life and family.
Steve Sounds interesting.
Passage 7 Have you ever wondered whether there is life on Mars? The big Red Planet is a mystery to us but __61__(hope) not for much longer. On November 11, the Mars rover(漫游者) __62__(name) Curiosity started its journey into space. After eight months flying in a rocket, Curiosity covered more than 566 million kilometers and finally landed on Mars—according to BBC reports.The rover is there to find out __63__there is, or ever was, life on the cold, desert-like planet. The place __64__Curiosity landed is called Gale Crater, a huge hole on Mars. Scientists believe that there was once water and even life there. In order to do its job, Curiosity is packed with many useful tools, __65__it is only three meters long, about the size of a small car. It has a robot arm that can collect soil and drill into rock. It also carries __66__ own laser gun. The gun can turn __67__small amount of rock into gas, so that Curiosity can study what the rock __68__(make) up of. __69__the help of these tools, Curiosity will act as a robot
geologist. For the next two years, it will stay and travel inside Gale Crater, __70__(collect) and studying rock and soil.
2016 高考英语-语法填空集训（十）答案 Passage 1 61. humorous/humourous 65.expressions Passage 2 41. terribly 46.giving Passage 3 61.amounts 66.hoping Passage 4 41.makes 42.are 43.acceptable 44.the 45.vary 62.is guaranteed 67.recently 63.best 68.where 64.the 69.saw 65.its 70.wth 42.staring 47. it 43. choice 48. built 44.lay 49.success 45.from 50.more 66.stuck 62. of 67. 63.have been translated no/little 68.the 64.have 69. it 70. who
46.which Passage 5 41. which 46. But Passage 6 61. as 66. from Passage 7 61.hopeful 66.its
42. cheerful 47. left
43. digging 48. where
44. lay 49. the
45. For 50. because /since/as
62. What 67. but
63. boring 68. asked
64. with 69. When
65. have understood 70. took
63.if/whether 68.is made
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