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必修3 Module 3外研社高中英语必修三单元三各知识点


Module 3 The Violence of Nature 自然灾害

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Ⅰ. 单词盘点

根据词性和汉语意思写出词汇
disaster n. ) 1. _______( experience (vt. ) 2._________ 灾难 经历 引起; 导致(n. )原因;事业,目标 埋葬

发生

cause (vt. ) 3._______ bury vt. ) 4. _____(
occur vi. ) 5. _____(

strike vt. &n. ) 6. ______( ruin vt. ) 7. _____( previous adj. ) 8. ________( warning n. ) 9. ________( damage (n. &v. ) 10. _______

(雷电、暴风雨等)袭击 毁坏 以前的 警告 损失; 损害

furniture (n. )家具→ _______ furnish (vt. )装备,配备 11. _________

violence (n. )暴力 violent adj. )猛烈的; 激烈的;强烈的→_______ 12. _______( possible(adj. )可能的→ possibility n. ) 可能; 可能性→_______ 13. ___________( possibly adv. )可能地 ________( terrifying adj. )吓人的;可怕的→_________ terrified (adj. )恐惧的, 14. _________( terrify (vt. )使恐惧;惊吓 受惊吓的→_______ hopefully adv. )满怀希望地;有希望地→ ________( hopeful adj. )有希 15. _________( hope n. &vt. )希望,期望 望的→ ______(

【品词自测】根据所给词的适当形式填空 experience ①The train accident is really the most unforgettable _________ experienced in his life. (experience) he has ever___________

②What happened without any previous warning that day
terrified _______all the passengers aboard the train. It was really a terrifying _________scene, and many people are still terrified _______at the thought of taking a high-speed train. (terrify)

Ⅱ. 短语回放
1. 指的是;谈到;提到;涉及 2. 卷起,掀起;拾起;接载;偶然学会;恢复 3. 记下; 放下;镇压 4. 去掉; 脱掉; 起飞; 成功 5. 平均起来 6. 结果为??,以??结束 refer to _______ pick up _______ put down ________ take off _______

on average _________
end up ______

7. 放火(焚烧)?? 8. 着火 9. 扑灭(火) 10. 翻过来;翻阅(书页) 11. 发生 12. 总共; 总计

set fire to _________

catch fire ________
put out _______ turn over ________

take place _________
in all ______

Ⅲ. 句式扫描
leave the furniture inside 1. They can destroy houses, but _________________________ exactly where it was 把里面的家具留在原处). __________________( 2. On average, there are 800 tornadoes in the US each year, causing about 80 deaths and 1, 500 injuries 造成大约80人死亡, ______________________________________( 1 500人受伤). By the time it ended 到风停时), more than 700 people had 3. ___________________(

been killed and 2, 700 had been injured.

where he became famous 在那 4. He then moved to New York, _______________________( 儿他出名了). there was the possibility of 5. When the lava reached the sea, _________________________ (有??的可能性) a huge tidal wave which could flood half the island.

【仿句自测】根据下面句式仿写句子 ①leave+宾语+宾语补足语, 表示“使??处于某种状态” 仿写:三个孩子匆匆离开了教室,所有的灯都没有关。 The three children left the classroom in a hurry, leaving all _____________________________________________________

the lights on. _____________

②There is the/a possibility of. . . /that从句

仿写:如果你愿意冒更大的风险,你就有可能有更大的回报。
If you are willing to take a greater risk, there is the possibility _____________________________________________________ of a greater return. _________________



cause put down

三年4考 三年2考


要 点

end up

三年2考

1. cause vt. 引起; 导致; 使遭受 n. 原因;事业,目标

(1)cause sb. sth.
cause sb. to do sth.

给某人造成某种结果
导致某人做某事

(2)the cause of. . .
cause and effect

??的原因
因果

①The police have been looking into the cause of the man’s

death. 警方一直在调查该男子的死因。
②Alibaba Group introduced a steep fee increase, which caused

a vast Internet protest by some online sellers.
阿里巴巴集团大举上调收费,激起了一些网店店主的大规模互 联网抗议。

③The competition in the market has caused several companies
to go out of business. 市场竞争已经造成了几家公司关门歇业。

【辨析】理解下列区别并选词填空

cause

指直接导致事情发生的原因,后可接of介词短语。 着重强调在逻辑推理上得出的原因,其后接介

reason

词for,也可以接why引导的定语从句。
指说话人试图为自己辩护或希望得到别人谅解 时所提出的借口、理由,后常用介词for。

excuse

excuse for not going ④Being busy with your office work is no _______

back home at night. cause ⑤One important _______of high oil prices is the weak American dollar.
reason ⑥The _______for his absence today was that he was ill in bed.

2. bury vt. 埋葬;埋藏;用??覆盖 bury oneself in (doing)/be buried in 专心于,埋头于

bury one’s face/head in hands

用手捂着脸/头

①The dog often buries some bones in the garden.

狗经常会在花园里埋一些骨头。 buried _______ herself ___/____ in was ______ buried __ in ②After the divorce, she ______ taking care of the three-year-old son.
离婚后,她专心照看三岁的儿子。

【想一想】英语中表示“专注于,致力于,埋头于”的短语有 很多,也是高考的一个重要考点,想一想还有哪些短语可以表

达“专注于,致力于,埋头于”的意思?

【拓展延伸】

表示“专注于,致力于,埋头于”的动词短语:
be devoted to 专心于,致力于

be absorbed in/concentrate on/focus on/fix one’s attention on全神
贯注于, 集中精力于,专心于 occupy oneself in doing/with=be occupied with 专心于,忙于

3. occur vi. 发生,出现;被想起;被想到

sth. occur(s) to sb. 某人想到??;??浮现在某人的脑海中
It occurs to sb. to do sth. /that-clause 某人想到??

①A strange idea occurred to him yesterday. 昨天他想到一个非常古怪的点子。 ②It never occurred to me to meet my first teacher in the small town. 我从来没想到会在这座小镇上见到我的启蒙老师。 It ________ occurred ___the to that ③__ girl ____she could buy some fruit on the way home.

女孩想到她可以在回家的路上买一些水果。

【辨析】理解下列区别并选词填空 happen 表示“发生”时,强调事件发生的偶然性和不可预见性, 其主语为事物;表示“碰巧”时,常用于it happened+ that-从句或happen to do sth. 句型中。 表示“发生”时,属于比较正式的用语,常以具体的 事件、事物为主语,此时可以与happen互换。表示 “在脑海中出现某种想法”时,要用occur, 而不可用 happen。

occur

多指有计划、有目的、有步骤地发生,比如举办活动、 take place 发生变化等。 break out 多指自然灾害、战争、某种疾病的突然爆发。

happened be planning their trip ④A few days ago, the family _________to occurred to Europe. It _________to them that they would fly to London, take place However, where the 2012 Olympic Games would___________. just before they started their journey, a large-scale riot(暴乱) broke out __________in London as well as in other cities. They finally gave up their plan.

4. strike vt. (雷电、暴风雨等)袭击;击打,打动;(打击时钟) 敲响(报时);使突然想起(想法,主意)n. 罢工;打击

(1)sth. strike(s) sb.

某人想到??

It strikes sb. to do. . . /It strikes sb. that

某人想到??
(2)be struck by/with. . . 被??所打动,迷恋??

(3)strike sb. in/on the+身体部位 击打某人某部位 (4)be/go on strike 在/举行罢工

①Floods struck Thailand this year, affecting the normal life of the people. 今年洪水袭击了泰国,影响了人们的正常生活。 ②It struck me that he was on business in Shanghai. 我突然想到他正在上海出差。 ③Mr. Gary Faye Locke strikes the media as a very capable man. 骆家辉给媒体留下的印象是,他是一个非常能干的人。

【辨析】理解下列区别并选词填空 指用力“击打”,为短暂性动词,强调一次性的“打 strike

击、殴打,敲击”等,可与hit通用;也可用作比喻意
义。 强调动作的结果,意为“打中、击中”,特别指击中 对方的某一点;表示“自然灾害袭击某个地方”时可 以与strike互换;作名词时,还可表示“成功而轰动一 时的演出 (或歌曲、电影、小说等)或人物 (如歌星、影 星、小说家等)。 常指连续用力击打。它还可用于在游戏、比赛、战争 中击败对方,还可指心脏或脉搏的跳动。

hit

beat

struck beat ④When the clock _______twelve, the lady heard the police ____

beating at her front door, which made her feel her heart _______fast. hit The police informed her that her son had been ____by a piece of
struck falling glass blown off in the strong wind which ______the city half an hour ago. He had been sent to the nearest hospital for

treatment.

【熟词生义】根据语境选择最佳汉意:

The little girl struck a match and her grandma appeared before
her. A. 打击,敲击 答案:B B. 擦燃 C. 想起

【助记】

5. damage n. 损失; 损害 v. 损失,损害;使??受损 suffer damage do/cause damage to 遭受损失 对??造成损害

①The flood has caused more than $300, 000 worth of damage. 这场洪水已造成超过价值30万美元的损失。 ②The car has been severely damaged in the car crash. 这辆车已经在这次撞车事故中严重受损。 ③Luckily, the leak of the chemical gas did no damage to the health of the villagers. 幸运的是,化学气体的泄漏并没有对村民的健康造成损害。

【辨析】理解下列区别并选词填空

指部分损坏、损害、破坏或指使用价值有所降低,
damage 但可以修复;作名词时为不可数名词,常用搭配为 do/cause damage to“对??造成损害”。 只用作动词,指彻底摧毁以至于不可修复,有时也 destroy 指希望、计划等遭到破坏而落空。要注意其过去式 为destroyed, 其名词形式为destruction。

多用于抽象意义,指事物价值或用途的毁坏,用作 动词时,意为“使毁灭; 使崩溃; 弄糟”;用作名词 ruin 时,则表示“毁灭;瓦解; 废墟”等抽象概念。常 用短语包括:in ruins (毁坏), fall into ruin(毁灭,

破败不堪), bring sb. to ruin (使某人失败)。

destroying ④The hurricane struck many areas in the country, _________ many houses and leaving thousands of people homeless. The damage _______caused by it was difficult to estimate. All the crops were

ruined the heavy rain caused by the hurricane. ______in

6. put down 记下; 放下; 镇压 ①She came in, put down her handbag and began to prepare lunch for the family. 她走进来,放下手提包,开始为家人做午饭。 put _____whatever down ②The children are required to ____ they think is important while listening to the lecture. 在听讲座时, 孩子们

被要求记下所有他们认为重要的信息。

【拓展】补全下列“put+adv. /prep. ”短语: away put _____ put forward _______ put on __ off put ___ out put ____ 收拾,整理,积蓄 提出 穿上;戴上;上演;增加 推迟;拖延 扑灭;生产 忍受

up with put _______

7. end up 结果为??, 以??结束 end up with. . . end up in. . . 以??而结束 结果沦为??的境地; 结果到了??地步 end up as. . . end up doing sth. 结果是??身份 结果做某事

①The lecture ended up with a poem of an ancient Chinese poet.

讲座以一首中国古代诗人的诗而结束。
②You will soon end up in debt if you keep on spending money

that way.
如果你继续那样花钱,你很快就会负债的。

ended ___ up ___an as ③The boy referred to _____ engineer.

提到的那个男孩结果成了一位工程师。 ending ___ up ④Some people tried many ways to lose weight, _______
gaining ______soon weight _______ again. 有些人尝试多种方法减肥,结果不 久体重却又重新增加了。

【真题链接】 ①[2010江西,26]Smell the flowers before you go to sleep, and you may just______ sweet dreams. A. keep up with B. put up with

C. end up with

D. catch up with

【解析】选C。考查动词短语辨析。句意为:睡觉前闻一下这

些花,你可能就会做美梦。keep up with跟上;put up with忍
受; end up with以??结束; catch up with 赶上。

②[2010 天津, 11]Joining the firm as a clerk, he got rapid promotion, and______ as a manager. A. ended up C. came back B. dropped out D. started off

【解析】选A。考查动词短语辨析。句意:以职员的身份进入 这家公司后,他升职很快,最终成为一名经理。 end up 结果

为??;以??结束; end up as结果是??身份。drop out退
学,辍学; come back回来,恢复; start off出发,开始。

8. They can destroy houses, but leave the furniture inside

exactly where it was.
它们能毁掉房子,却把房内的家具留在原处。

在leave the furniture inside exactly where it was这一部分中,
leave意为“使某人或某物处于??状态”。

leave意为“使??处于??状态”,其宾语后常接两种情况: ( 1 )名词、形容词、现在分词、过去分词、不定式、副词或

介词短语作宾语补足语;
(2)as引导的方式状语从句或where引导的地点状语从句。

①Both his parents died in the war, leaving him an orphan.

他的父母都在战争中牺牲了,使他成了孤儿。
②Leave your kids as they are and they will grow in a healthy

way.
让你的孩子顺其自然,他们会健康地成长。 ③Leave the door open and you can breathe the fresh air. 开着门你就可以呼吸新鲜的空气。

leave ___ the _____ water ________all running the time. ④Never _____

不要让水一直流着。
left ___ the ________ handbag ______she where ⑤She must have ____ often has a date

with her boyfriend.
她肯定是把手提包忘在了她经常和男友约会的地方了。

experience vt. 经历;感受;体验;遭受 n. [U]经验[C]经 历

(1)experience in/of
be experienced in

在??方面的经验
在??方面有经验

(2)have much/little experience in
有经验 by/from experience

在??方面有丰富的 / 没

凭经验,从经验中 (得出)

①It was the first time that we had experienced such an embarrassing situation. 这是我们第一次经历这样让人尴尬的情况。 little experience in ②Andrew had ___ ____ _________ ___managing a company. 安德鲁没有经营公司的经验。 learn _____ from __________matters experience ③Our ability to _____ a lot. 我们从经验中学习的能力很重要。

【点津】experience(1)作“经验”讲时,为不可数名词,其前 可以用little, much等来修饰;(2)作“经历”讲时,为可数名词, 如:a terrible experience, his experiences of living in Europe。

(1)by the time引导时间状语从句时主句时态的考查

(2)possibility后接同位语从句时引导词的选择
(3)in all, above all, after all, at all等短语的用法

1. [2011 辽 宁 , 34]By the time Jack returned home from England, his son______ from college. A. graduated B. has graduated

C. had been graduating

D. had graduated

【解析】选D。考查动词时态。句意:杰克从英格兰回国的时

候,他的儿子已经从大学毕业了。 by+过去时间作状语,主句
要用过去完成时; by+将来时间作状语,主句要用将来完成时 will have done。

2.

After Laden

was

killed,

the

FBI

warned

of

the

possibility______ more attacks would be on the way.
A. that B. how C. what D. when

【解析】选A。考查同位语从句。句意:拉登被杀死之后,美
国联邦调查局警告可能更多的袭击即将到来。 possibility 后是 同位语从句,从句中不缺少成分,应用that引导。

3. [2012厦门模拟]We must work hard, and_______ we must
believe in ourselves. A. in all C. after all B. above all D. at all

【解析】选B。句意:我们必须努力学习,最重要的是我们必 须相信我们自己。above all首先,最重要的是;in all总共,合 计;after all毕竟,别忘了;at all根本,究竟。


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