广东省肇庆市 2013-2014 学年高三第一期末质量检测英语试题
第一节：完型填空（共 15 小题，每小题 2 分，满分 30 分） 阅读下面短文，掌握其大意，然后从 1—15 各题所给的 A、B、C 和 D 项中，选出最佳 选项，并在答题卡上将该项涂黑。 Many of the world's pollution problems have been cau
sed by the crowding of large groups of people into the cities. Supply for the needs of the people leads to further 1 by industry. If the rapid increase of world 2 continues at the present rate, there may be much greater 3 to human beings. Some scientists 4 of the increase in numbers of people as "population pollution''. About 2,000 years ago, the world population was about 250 million. It 5 a billion in 1850. By 1930 the population was two billion. It is now six billon. It is 6 to double by the year 2020. If the population 7 to grow at the same rate, there will be 25 billion people in the 8 a hundred years from now. Man has been 9 the earth's resources more and more 10 over the past years. Some of them are almost gone. Now many people believe that man's 11 problem is how to control the 12 of the population. The material supplies in the world will be far from enough to 13 the human population if the present rate of increase continues. There is already over-crowding in many cities and 14 in some countries. Many people believe that human survival in the future 15 on the answer to the question. 1．A. progress B. pollution C. education D. production 2．A. agriculture B. Industry C. Environment D. population 3．A. danger B. harm C. benefit D. hardship 4．A. dream B. approve C. rid D. speak 5．A. got B. took C. brought D. reached 6．A. suggested B. hoped C. expected D. said 7．A. continues B. fails C. tries D. means 8．A. world B. country C. star D. end 9．A. discovering B. using C. digging D. destroying 10．A. seriously B. dangerously C. rapidly D. steadily 11．A. greatest B. easiest C. lightest D. simplest 12．A. existence B. start C. growth D. birth 13．A. increase B. starve C. construct D. support 14．A. discussion B. starvation C. construction D. argument 15．A. depends B. agrees C. saves D. passes 第二节：语法填空（共 10 小题，每小题 1.5 分，满分 15 分） 阅读下面短文，按照句子结构的语法性和上下文连贯的要求，在空格处填入一个适当的词 或使用括号中所给词语的正确形式填空，并将答案填写在答题卡上标号为 16—25 的相应位置 上。 Nowadays, it is common that more and more high school students open their own micro blogs on the Internet . For one thing, it can provide a colorful platform to show their talent. For 16 , it is a useful way to release their 17 (press). And all these rake it more and more popular with high school students. 18 many parents and teachers hold a different view .They think that managing one’s micro blog will take a lot of time and energy, 19 should be used to study. In my view, I am greatly in favor 20 this activity. Today the Internet is playing 21 important and essential role in our life. Therefore as high school students of the Information Age,
we need to learn to make use of this 22 (mean) tool to communicate and display ourselves. What’s more ,opening and organizing micro blogs need various abilities such as writing , designing , being skillful at computer and so on .Only if we master those abilities can we make a successful micro blog. As a result ,we improve ourselves while 23 (organize) our micro blogs. In fact, micro blog 24 (oneself) is of little harm. It is your attitude towards it 25 matters. We should take the advantages and avoid some bad effects. II、阅读（共两节，满分 50 分） 第一节：阅读理解（共 20 小题，每小题 2 分，满分 40 分） 阅读下面几篇短文，从每题所给的 A、B、C 和 D 项中，选出最佳选项，并在答题卡上 将该项涂黑。 A In early autumn I applied for admission to college. I wanted to go nowhere but to Cornell University, but my mother fought strongly against it. When she saw me studying a photograph of my father on the sports ground of Cornell, she tore it up. "You can't say it's not a great university, just because Papa went there." "That's not it at all. And it is a top university." She was still holding the pieces in her hand. "But we can't afford to send you to college." "I wouldn't dream of asking you for money. Do you want me to get a job to help support you and Papa? Things aren't that bad, are they?" "No," she said. "I don't expect you to help support us." Father borrowed money from his rich cousins to start a small jewellery shop. His chief customers were his old college friends. To get new customers, my mother had to help. She picked up a long-forgotten membership in the local league of women, so that she could get to know more people. Whether those people would turn into customers was another question. I knew that my parents had to wait for quite a long time before their small investment (投资) could show returns. What's more, they had not wanted enough to be rich and successful; otherwise they could not possibly have managed their lives so badly. I was torn between the desire to help them and change their lives, and the determination not to repeat their mistakes. I had a strong belief in my power to get what I wanted. After months of hard study I won a full college scholarship (奖学金). My father could hardly contain his pride in me, and my mother eventually gave in before my success. 26. The author was not allowed to go to Cornell University mainly because ________. A. his father graduated from the university B. his mother did not think it a great university C. his parents needed him to help support the family D. his parents did not have enough money for him 27. The father started his small shop with the money from ________. A. a local league B. his university C. his relatives D. his college friends 28. Why did the mother renew her membership in the league? A. To help with her husband's business B. To raise money for her son C. To meet her long-forgotten friends D. To better manage her life 29. According to the text, what was the author determined to do in that autumn? A. To get a well-paid job for himself B. To improve relations with his mother C. To go to his dream university D. To carry on with his father's business 30. According to the passage, which of the following words is NOT proper to describe the author?
B It is quite reasonable to blame traffic jams, the cost of gas and the great speed of modern life, but manners on the road are becoming horrible. Everybody knows that the nicest men would become fierce tigers behind the wheel. It is all right to have a tiger in a cage, but to have one in the driver's seat is another matter. Road politeness is not only good manners, but good sense. It takes the most cool－headed drivers great patience to give up the desire to beat back when forced to face rude driving. On the other hand, a little politeness goes a long way towards reducing the possibility of quarrelling and fighting. A friendly nod or a wave of thanks in answer to an act of politeness helps to create an atmosphere of good will and becomes so necessary in modern traffic conditions. But such behaviors of politeness are by no means enough. Many drivers nowadays don't even seem able to recognize politeness when they see it. However, misplaced politeness can also be dangerous. Typical examples are the driver who waves a child crossing the street at a wrong place into the path of oncoming cars that may not be able to stop in time. The same goes for encouraging old ladies to cross the road wherever and whenever they want to. An experienced driver, whose manners are faultless, told me it would help if drivers learnt to correctly join in traffic stream without causing total blockages that give rise to unpleasant feelings. Unfortunately, modern drivers can't even learn to drive, let alone master the roadmanship. Years ago, experts warned us that the fast increase of the car ownership would demand more give-and-take from all road users. It is high time for all of us to take this message to heart. 31. The passage mainly talks about________. A. traffic jams B. road politeness C. good manners D. modern drivers 32. Troubles on the road are often caused by________. A. the behavior of the drivers B. traffic jams C. great speed D. terrible road conditions 33. According to the writer, a good driver should________. A. be able to recognize politeness when he sees it B. beat back when forced to face rude driving C. encourage old ladies to cross the roads whenever they want to D. join in traffic stream quickly however other people feel 34. The following statements are right EXCEPT that________. A. some modern drivers are not good at driving B. road politeness is good sense as well as good manners C. a friendly driver should nod or wave thanks in answer to an act of politeness D. it is also right to have a tiger in the driver's seat 35. It is not always right for drivers to________. A. master roadmanship B. recognize politeness when they see it C. give a friendly nod in answer to an act of politeness D. encourage old ladies to cross the road whenever and wherever they want C The Beijing government has set out to recruit thousands of university graduates to work as junior officials in rural areas to both improve rural administration and ease the city's employment problems. The government plans to recruit 3,000 university graduates this year, 1,000 more than last year, to work as assistants to village heads or Party secretaries in suburban areas. People interested in jobs in Beijing's rural villages and townships can submit applications to the Beijing Municipal Personnel Bureau or online at www. bjbys.com from February 1 through March
15. "We hope university graduates will seize this opportunity to use their knowledge in rural villages and to start their careers," Sun Zhenyu, deputy director of Beijing Personnel Bureau, told Xinhua News Agency. The government has promised successful candidates a monthly salary of 2,000 yuan( $ 250) in the first year, 2,500 yuan ($ 320) the second year and 3,000 yuan ($ 385) the third year, provided their performance is up to the required standards, Sun said. Wang Lina, who graduated from Beijing Union University last year, was one of the first graduates to find work in the city's countryside. After majoring in industrial and commercial administration .Wang served as the assistant to the village head of Ertiaojie Village in suburban Beijing’s Pinggu District. For one project, Wang contacted people at the Beijing Academy of Agricultural Sciences and arranged for the local farmers to receive training in strawberry planting. Her efforts paid off. The village had a plentiful harvest of organic strawberries earlier this year. Nationwide, about 150,000 university graduates found employment in rural areas last year, according to figures provided by the Ministry of Education. The ministry predicts that 4. 95 million students will graduate from universities across the country this year, 820,000 more than last year. About 1.4 million of them are unlikely to find jobs when they graduate. In Beijing, a record 200,000 people are expected to graduate from university this year. Less than half of them are expected to be offered jobs, according to the personnel bureau. 36. The underlined word "recruit "in the first paragraph probably means _________. A. employ B. force C. encourage D. train 37. We can see from the passage that ___________________. A. once you are hired as a junior official, you can get an endlessly rising salary B. the government guarantee a relatively high salary for the successful candidates C. working as junior officials is easy but very meaningful D. the competition for the job as junior officials is very fierce 38. From the story of Wang Lina we can learn that _________. A. the sooner you go to the countryside, the sooner you will be successful. B. local farmers can get big harvests if they learn more knowledge. C. university graduates can also realize their value in rural areas. D. Wang had great difficulty in helping villagers planting organic strawberries. 39. The last two paragraphs aim to tell us that ________. A. more and more graduates will work as junior officials. B. the universities should not have so many students. C. there are more and more graduates in recent years. D. it is not easy for graduates to find jobs nowadays. 40. Which of the following can be the best title for this passage? A. Go to the Countryside. B. Job Hunting for University Graduates. C. What Is the Best Career? D. A good Job Choice for University Graduates. D Today just as technology changed the face of industry, farms have undergone an “agricultural revolution”. On the farm of today, machines provide almost all the power. One of the most important benefits will be the farm computer. A few forward-looking farmers are already using computers to help them run their farms more efficiently. The computers help them keep more accurate records so they can make better decisions on what crops to plant, how much livestock to buy, when to sell their products, and how much profit they can expect. Many
computer companies have been developing special computer programs just for farmers. Programs are being written for hog(猪) producers, grain farmers, potato farmers, and dairy farmers. In the future, farmers will be able to purchase computer programs made to their needs. Because of the growing importance of computers on the farm, students at agricultural colleges are required to take computer classes in addition to their normal agricultural courses. There can be no doubt that farmers will rely on computers even more in the future. While the old-time farm depended on horse power, and modern farms depend on machine power, farms of the future will depend on computer power. Another technological advance which is still in the experimental stage is the robot, a real “mechanized hired hand” that will be able to move and, in some ways, think like a human being. Agricultural engineers believe that computer-aided robots will make startling（令人吃惊 的） changes in farming before the end of the century. Unlike farmers of the present, farmers of the future will find that many day-to-day tasks will be done for them. Scientists are now developing robots that will be able to shear(修剪) sheep, drive tractors, and harvest fruit. Even complex jobs will be done by robots. For example, in order to milk their cows, farmers must first drive them into the special barn（畜棚）, then connect them to the milking machines, watch the machines, and disconnect them when they are finished. In the future, this will all be done by robots. In addition, when the milking is completed, the robots will automatically check to make sure that the milk is pure. The complete mobilization of the farm is far in the future, but engineers expect that some robots will be used before long. 41. Which sentence carries the main idea of the whole passage? A. The first sentence of the first paragraph. B. The first sentence of the second paragraph. C. The first sentence of the third paragraph. D. The last sentence of the second paragraph. 42. According to the passage, computers can not help farmers decide _______. A. how much money they can earn from their products B. whether to plant a certain kind of crop C. what livestock to raise D. when to sell their products 43. Which of the following statements is true? A. Farmers in the future will depend totally on computers. B. Farmers mainly use machines on their farms at present. C. Both computers and robots have been in use on today’s farms. D. Students at agricultural colleges must take computer classes because they can do nothing without the help of computers on today ’s farms. 44. According to the engineers, _______will be done by robots in the near future. A. all farm work B. milking cows C. most of the farm work D. some farm work 45. What is the best title for the whole passage? A. Computer, Farmers’ Best Friend B. The Agricultural Revolution C. Farmers in the Future D. Computers and Robots 第二节：信息匹配（共 5 小题，每小题 2 分，满分 10 分） 阅读下列应用文及相关信息，并按要求匹配信息，在答题卡上将对应题号的相应选项 字母涂黑。 首先, 请阅读下面招聘信息: A. Sales Manager Requirement:
Minimum of 2-year sales experience; University / College degree; Good command of English; Excellent communication skills; Responsible, patient, energetic, enthusiastic; Customer service, teaching experience is preferred; Basic office computer skills ( Excel, Word, E-mail). B. Project Management Assistant Requirements: Good English and computer skills; Related working experience is a must; Patient, careful, supportive; Strong team spirit. C. English Teacher Requirements: University degree or above in English major; Eager to learn and open-mind with creativity; With deep understanding and respect for different cultures. D. Marketing Assistant Requirements: College degree or above with good English (speaking and writing) skills; With basic ideas of sales and marketing; Working experience is not necessary; Good communication and presentation skills; E. Accountant Requirements: College degree or above in finance area; Good English and computer skills; Good sense of finance management; At least two years of experience as an accountant in an international organization is a must; Self-management, hard-working, independent and able to deal with pressure. F. Nurse Requirements: College degree or above in medicine area; Good communication and nursing skills; Good sense of responsibility; At least two years of experience as a nurse in a big hospital; Patient, careful, polite, hard-working. 请阅读下列职位申请者的信息, 然后匹配申请者和合适的招聘信息。 46. Harry Evans graduated from the University of Oxford. At the university, he majored in English Literature, and got a Bachelor's degree. 47. Jack Blunkett has been an accountant in an international company for four years after graduating from the Finance University, and he is good at English and computer. 48. Peter Hessler is a manager of an international company, and his duty is to sell the products of the company. 49. Thomas Wright got a master's degree. His spoken English is excellent, but he has no working experience. He is good at writing and communication. 50. Alice Elizabeth has worked in a Building Material Company for ten years. And she is expert in management. She can communicate in English very well. III、写作（共 2 题，满分 40 分） 第一节 基础写作(共 1 题，满分 15 分) 以下是你班就“高三学生是否需要吃补品来保持健康”进行讨论的基本内容。 时 地 主 间： 点： 题： 4 月 14 日，星期一下午班会 本班教室 家长要不要为孩子购买大量的补养品 约 50﹪的同学不赞同，理由： 1. 1、坚持锻炼，不需要吃补品；
2、 家长用补品过分关注高三考生的健康， 会在一定程度上带来压力； 3、价格比较昂贵。 36﹪的同学赞同，理由： 1、高三学生学习紧张，容易感到疲劳； 2、补品可帮助恢复体力； 3、没时间锻炼。 参考词汇：tonic 补品 【写作内容】 根据以上基本内容写一篇报道，内容包括： 1、讨论的时间、地点及主题； 2、讨论的基本情况。 【写作要求】 只能用 5 个句子表达全部内容 【评分标准】 句子结构准确，信息内容完整，篇章连贯。
第二节 读写任务（共 1 题，满分 25 分） 阅读下面材料，然后按要求写一篇 150 词左右的英语短文。 “The measure of a man’s real character is what he would do if he knew he would never be found out.”—Thomas Macaulay One day, some thirty years ago, Mrs. O’Neill gave us a test to our class. When the papers were marked, she discovered 12 boys had made exactly the same mistakes throughout the test. There is nothing new about cheating in exams. Perhaps that was why Mrs. O’Neill didn’t even say a word about it. She only asked the twelve boys to remain after class. I was one of them. Mrs. O’Neill asked no questions, and she didn’t scold us either. Instead, she wrote on the blackboard the above words by Thomas Macaulay. She then ordered us to copy these words into our exercise-books one hundred times. It was the most important single lesson of my life. Thirty years later, the words still seem to me the best yardstick, because they give us a way to measure ourselves rather than others. 【写作内容】 1.以约 30 个词概括上述故事的内容要点。 2.然后以约 120 个词从“作者” ，或者他的老师“Mrs. O’Neill”的行为中任选一个角度发 表你的看法，内容包括： （1）谈谈你对“作者”对待自己的错误或者他的老师“Mrs. O’Neill”对待学生犯错的处 理方式发表你的看法，并说明理由； （2）你读后的感受与启示。 【写作要求】 1、作文中可以使用实例来支持你的论点，也可以参照阅读材料的内容论述，但不得直 接引用原文中的句子； 2、作文中不能出现真实姓名和学校名称。 【评分标准】 概括准确，语言规范，内容合适，篇章连贯。
肇庆市 2013－2014 学年第一学期统一检测题 高三英语笔试部分参考答案
I、第一节：1-5 BDBDD 第二节：16.another 21. an 6-10 CAABC 17.pressure 22. meaningful 11-15 ACDBA 18. But 23.organizing 19. which 24. itself 20. of
II、第一节：26-30 DCACC 第二节：46-50 CEADB
III、第一节：One possible version: With the College Entrance Exam coming, we had a heated debate about whether Senior 3 Students should take a lot of tonics to keep fit on the Monday afternoon, on 14th April at the class meeting. About half of the students of us think it unnecessary to take tonics, because tonics will make us put on more weight, which does harm to our health. Moreover, our parents will bring more stress to us Senior 3 Students if they show too much concern by offering the tonics, whose price is rather high. However, 36% of us hold the opinion that it is easy for us Senior 3 Students to feel tired because of our work load. So it is good to take some tonics and we are too busy to have sports, so tonics can help refresh us.
第二节：One possible version: Instead of being criticized severely, the author, together with other 11 boys who cheated in a test, was ordered to copy an instructive sentence a hundred times, which he thought was the most important lesson of his life. In my point of view, the author was somewhat brave enough to face his fault and deal with it in a right way, nevertheless he had cheated in the test. Thanks to his teacher, Mrs. O’Neill, he received an impressive and particular lesson from which he obtained a way to measure himself. As a saying goes, “A fault confessed is half redressed.” In fact, faults are like road humps, they slow you down temporarily but you can enjoy the smooth road afterwards. Since mistakes can’t be avoided, it is our duty and commitment to cultivate an ability to overcome whatever mistakes we are confronted with. With this ability, no obstacles can overwhelm us and interfere with our long range goal. Only when we build it up will we almost inconceivably triumph.
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