I.形容词、副词的作用与位置 1.形容词是用来修饰名词的，常被放在名词前作定语，或放在系动词后面作表语。而副 词则用来修饰形容词、动词，其他副词或者句子，一般位于形容词之前，动词之后或句子之 首。以下属几种情况须牢记： ①几个并列的形容词作定语，其语序通常为： 限定语(The、A)+
描绘性形容词 + size(大小)+ shape(形状)+ age(年龄、时间)+ color(颜色)+origin(国籍、来源)+material(材料)+ purpose(目的)+名词; a heavy black Chinese steel umbrella, the man’s first tow interesting little red French oil paitings 熟记口诀就可以顺利解题：限定描绘大长高，形状年龄和新老，颜色国籍跟材料，作用 类别往后靠。 ②形容词短语作定语，定语后置; a language difficult to master, a leaning tower about 180 feet high This is a student worth of praise. They will turn their motherland into a country, beautiful and modern. ③表语形容词(afraid、alike、alone、asleep、awake、alive 等)作定语，定语后置; a man alive：活着的人 有些表身体健康状况的形容词如 well、 faint、 只作表语。 ill sick 既可作表语又可作定语， ill 如作定语意为“bad”; ④形容词作定语修饰由不定代词 one、no、any、some 和 every 构成的复合词如 anything、something 等时，通常后置; I have something important to tell you. ⑤enough、 nearby 修饰名词前置或后置;程度副词一般位于形容词、 副词前面;enough 修饰形容词、副词时，必须后置; ⑥else 常用作疑问代词和不定代词的后置定语; ⑦几个副词并列作状语时，其顺序较灵活，但一般是：方式→地点→时间; ⑧频度副词如 often、always、usually 等在 be 动词后，行为动词前; ⑨副词作定语，定语后置; The person there is waiting for you. ⑩复合形容词常用作定语，个别也可以作表语。 He was a 12-year-old boy. 复合形容词的构成： He is good-natured.
▲形容词+名词-ed：kind-hearted 好心的，white-haired 白发的 ▲形容词+形容词：red-hot 炽热的，dark-blue 深蓝的 ▲形容词+现在分词：good-looking 好看的，easy-going 随和的 ▲副词+现在分词：hard-working 勤劳的，fast-moving 快速转动的 ▲副词+过去分词：hard-won 得来不易的，newly-made 新建的
▲名词+形容词：life-long 终生的，world-famous 世界闻名的 ▲名词+现在分词：peace-loving 爱好和平的，fun-loving 爱开玩笑的 ▲名词+过去分词：snow-covered 白雪覆盖的，hand-made 手工的 ▲数词+名词 + ed：four-storeyed 4 层楼的，three-legged 3 条腿的 ▲数词+名词(名词用单数)：ten-year 10 年的, two-man 两人的 2.形容词作伴随状语和原因状语 He spent 7days in the wind and snow，cold and hungry. 他在风雪中度过了 7 天，又冷又饿。 She stared into the distance, speechless for a long time. 她盯着远处看，好长时间不讲话。 Afraid of being caught，the thief hid himself under a bed. 因为害怕被抓，这个小偷藏在床下面。 II.连系动词与形容词 象 get,grow,become,feel,appear,prove ,look,keep,smell,taste,sound,go,turn,remain 等这些动词既可以用作为实义动词又可以用作连系动词， 因而要根据上下文语境判断究竟是 什么性质的动动词才能正确解题。 请看下面这道选择题： ▲We don't care if a hunting dog smells_____,but we really don't want him to smell____. A. well; well B. bad; badly C. well; badly D. badly; bad 第一个“smell”是“闻起来”的意思，是连系动词，用形容词。第二个“smell”是实义动词， 用副词来修饰;此外 well 作形容词是表示人身体好、气色好，用在此句中不行，只能作副词 用。答案是 B。句意是：“我们不在乎猎狗闻起来难闻，但是我们确实不希望它的嗅觉力差。 III.形容词、副词比较等级的用法 形容词、副词有三个等级：原级、比较级和最高级，其构成形式如下： 规则变化：单音节词和少数双音节词，加词尾-er，-est 来构成比较级和最高级
构成法 一般单音节词未尾加-er,-est 以不发音的 e 结尾的单音词和少 数以-le 结尾的双音节词只加 -r,-st 以一个辅音字母结尾的闭音节 单音节词，双写结尾的辅音字 母，再加-er,-est "以辅音字母+y"结尾的双音节 busy busier Busiest big bigger Biggest nice nicer Nicest 原级 tall 比较级 taller 最高级 Tallest
词，改 y 为 i，再加-er，-est 少数以-er,-ow 结尾的双音节词 未尾加-er,-est 其他双音节词和多音节词，在前 important 面加 more，most 来构成比较级 easily 和最高级 more easily most easily more important most important clever narrow cleverer narrower Cleverest Narrowest
原级 good/well bad/ill old much/many little far 比较级 better worse older/elder more less farther/further 最高级 Best Worst oldest/eldest most least farthest/furthest
注意：many,old 和 far 比较级及最高级用法的区别 ①如果后接名词时，much more +不可数名词，many more +可数名词复数。 ②old 有两种比较级和最高级形式: older/oldest 和 elder/eldest。elder，eldest 只用于 兄弟姐妹的长幼关系。 My elder brother is an engineer. Mary is the eldest of the three sisters. ③far 有两种比较级，farther，further..在英语中两者都可指距离。 在美语中，farther 表示距离，further 表示进一步 I have nothing further to say. 1.原级的用法 表示双方在程度、性质、特征等某方面相等时，用“as+原级形容词/副词+ as”的结构; 表示双方不相等时，用“not so(as)+原级形容词/副词+ as”的结构;表示一方是另一方的若干 倍时，用“倍数+ as+原级形容词/副词+ as”的结构。 Xiao Wang is as tall as Xiao Yu. This building looks not so (as)high as that one. Miss Xu speaks English as fluently as you . This room is three times as large as that one. 2.比较级的用法
①双方比较，表示一方超过另一方时，用“比较级+than”的结构表示; This picture is more beautiful than that one. 注意： ▲比较对象的一致性 请看下面这道选择题： The weather in China is different from__ __. A. in America B. one in America C. America D. that in America 本题意为"中国的天气比美国热。"比较的是天气而不是国家，C 不能选。A 没有名词， 后句成分不全，排除。B 和 D 中，B 中的 one 常用来代替可数名词，而 that 可车以代替不 可数或抽象名词，所以选 D。 ▲要避免将主语包含在比较对象中 (错)China is larger than any country in Asia. (对)China is larger than any other countries in Asia. ▲注意比较对象的省略或隐藏： 有时省略或不点明被比较的对象， 而是通过语境来暗示 被比较的对象。 请看下面这两道选择题： If there were no examinations, we should have ___ at school. A. the happiest time B. a more happier time C. much happiest time D. a much happier time 本题将比较的对象隐藏在虚拟条件句中，即：与没有考试的时候相比。本题答案选 D。 I don’t think this film is by far the most boring.I have seen____________. A. better B. worse C. the best D. the worst 由前文“我认为这部电影不是最没趣的”可知， “我看过(比这部)更差的电影”， 省略了 than this one。本题答案是 B。 It takes a long time to go there by train; it's ________by road. A. quick B. the quickest C. much quick D. quicker 由语境可知，句末省略了 than by train，用比较级。本题答案是 D。 ②表示一方不及另一方时，用“less+原级+than”的结构表示; This room is less beautiful than that one. ③表示一方超过另一方的程度或数量时，可在比较级前加表示程度的状语，如 even、 a lot、a bit、a little、still、much、far、yet、by fay 等修饰; He works even harder than before. 注意：by far 通常用于强调最高级。用于比较级时，一般放在比较级的后面，如在前面， 应在二者中 间加“the”。 He is taller by far than his brother. He is by far the taller of the two brothers. ④表示一方随另一方的程度而变化时，用“the +比较级(主语+谓语)，the +比较级(主语 +谓语)” 的结构(意为“越……越……”); The harder he works, the happier he feels. ⑤不与其他事物相比，表示本身程度的改变时，用“比较级+ and+比较级”的结构; The weather is getting colder and colder.
The girl becomes more and more beautiful. ⑥某些以-ior 结尾的形容词进行比较时，用 to 代替 than。这些词有 inferior(劣等的， 次的)、 superior(较好的， 优于……)、 junior(资历较浅的)、 senior(资格较老的)、 prior(在…… 之前)等; He is superior to Mr.Zhang in chemistry. ⑦在比较从句中为了避免重复，我们通常用 that(those)、one(ones)代替前面出现的 名词。that 指物,one 既可指人又可指物。that 可代替可数名词单数和不可数名词，而 one 只能代替可数名词; The book on the table is more interesting than that(或 the one)on the desk. A box made of steel is stronger than one made of wood. ⑧否定词+比较级 该结构用否定形式表示肯定意义。要掌握该结构的用法，须注意以下几点： ▲该结构多为“can't /couldn't +比较级”的形式 I can't agree with you more.我再同意你的意见不过了。(或：我完全同意你的意见。) The weather couldn't be worse.天气再糟糕不过了。 He couldn't have done better.他做得再好不过了。 ▲用于该结构中的否定词除了 not 之外，还有 no，never，nothing 等 This could give her no greater pleasure.这使她再高兴不过了。 There's nothing cheaper.这东西再便宜不过了。 There is no greater love than that of a man who lays down his life for his friends. 为朋友而放弃生命的爱是最伟大的爱。 ▲当该结构中的比较级为 less 时，其意义为“一点也不” 试比较：He couldn't care more.他非常介意。(或：他最关心不过了。) He couldn't care less.他毫不介意。(或：他最漠不关心了。) 注意：反过来用肯定形式表示否定意义。这种用法主要见于： ▲know better than+不定式。这种结构意为“不至于” You have a better command of French than to make such mistakes. 你的法语较好，不至于犯这样的错误。 He is more experienced than to do such a thing. 他比较有经验，不至于做这样的事。 ▲more than…can。这种句型形式上是肯定，实际上有否定含义 The boys in the street have become very insolent and it is more than flesh and blood can bear. 街上的男孩变得非常无礼,到了人所不能忍受的地步。 The beauty of the place is more than I can describe. 那地方美得无法形容。 ⑨倍数表达法 ▲A is three(four, etc.)times the size(height, length etc.)of B. The new building is four times the size(the height)of the old one. 这座新楼是那座旧楼的四倍大(高)/这座新楼比那座旧楼大(高)三倍。 ▲A is three(four, etc.)times as big(high, long, etc.)as B. Asia is four times as large as Europe. 亚洲是欧洲的四倍大/亚洲比欧洲大三倍。
▲A is three (four, etc.)times bigger(higher, longer, etc.)than B. Your school is three times bigger than ours.你们的学校比我们的学校大三倍。 用 times 表倍数通常用于三倍以上，两倍可以用 twice 或 double. 3.最高级的用法 ①三者或三者以上相比，表示最高程度时用“the +最高级”的结构表示。这种句式一般 常有表示比较范围的介词短语; Zhang Hua is the tallest of the three. He works(the)hardest in his class. ②最高级可被序数词以及 much、 far、 by nearly、 almost 、 no means、 quite、 by not not really、nothing like 等词语所修饰; This hat is by far / much / nearly / almost / not nearly / by no means / not quite / nothing like the biggest. ③表示“最高程度”的形容词，如 excellent、extreme、perfect 等，没有最高级，也没 有比较级。 ④形容词最高级修饰作表语或介词宾语的名词、代词时，被修饰的词往往省略; He is the tallest(boy)in his class. ⑤作状语的副词最高级前可以不加定冠词。 Of all the boys he came(the)earliest. 4.形容词和副词前面使用冠词的情况 ①形容词最高级前一般要加定冠词，副词最高级前可不加冠词; ②形容词最高级前有时加不定冠词，或不加冠词，不表比较，表示“非常”; He is a most clever young policeman.(most=very) The film is most interesting.(most=very) ③as+形容词+a+单数名词; This is as good an example as the other is. ④表示两者间“较……的一个”比较级前加 the; who is the older of the tow boys? ⑤在“the + 比较级…，the + 比较级…”结构中; ⑥在 same 前一般要加 the; ⑦What +a/an+形容词+单数可数名词=How+形容词+ a/an+单数可数名词 What an interesting film it is!=How interesting a film it is! ⑧so 和 such 的用法 so + 形容词 / 副词 + that … so + 形容词 + a(n)+ 单数可数名词 + that … so + many / much / little / few + 名词 + that … such + a(n)+ 形容词+单数可数名词 + that … such + 形容词 + 不可数名词 + that … such + 形容词 + 复数名词 + that … 下列词组中为什么只能用 so 不可用 such? so much progress、so many people、so little food、so few apples 等。 因为名词受 many、much、little、few 等表示“多或少”意义的词修饰。 下列这句中 such 用得对不对?(对)。为什么?
These are such little boys that they can’t dress themselves. 因为 little 在这儿表示“小”，而不是表示“少”的意思。 下列 so 的用法是错误的：so difficult problems, so hot weather 为什么?因为 problems 是复数，weather 是不可数名词。 ⑧有些形容词前加 the 成为名词。如 the poor、the rich 等。 5.由 as/so 组成的形容词或副词短语 ①as much as + 不可数名词：多达 Each stone weighs as much as fifteen tons. ②as many as + 可数名词：多达 I have as a many as sixteen reference books. ③as early as：早在 As early as the twelfth century the English began to invade the island. ④as far as：远到;就……而知(论) We might go as far as (走到)the church and back. As far as I know(就我所知)，he has been there before. ⑤may (might, could)as well：不妨、不如 Then you might as well stay with us here. ⑥as … as can be：到了最……的程度，极其 They are as unreliable as they can be.他们极其不可信。 ⑦as … as one can：尽其所能 He began to run, as fast as he could. ⑧as … as possible：尽可能 Just get them to finish up as quickly as possible. 6.more /less than 及其相关结构 第一类 ①more than+具体数字=over：多于、超过…… He spoke English more than two years.(两年多) more than+名词/动词/形容词/副词：不仅仅 China Daily is more than a newspaper and it can also help us learn English. ②not more than：不超过……，顶多……=at most There were not more than 70 women in the store then.(不足 70 个女性) ③no more than：仅仅，只不过 The theater was no more than a painted barn. 这戏院只不过是漆了油漆的库房而已(没什么大不了的)。 ④less than：少于、不足…… Their car broke down where they drove less than five miles.(不到五英里) less than+名词/形容词：仅仅 He is less than pleased to have visitors. ⑤not less than：……以上，至少……=at least He has not less than 2oo dollars.(至少 200 美元) ⑥no less than：不会少于……，与……一样，简直就…… It is no less than robbery to ask me for so much.
要我这么多钱，简直跟抢劫没有两样。 第二类 ①more+形容词/副词/名词+than：比……更…… I have found that he is a more efficient worker than any other one. ②more…than…：与其……不如…… He is not more an artist than a philosopher. 与其说他是位艺术家，不如说他是位哲学家。 ③not more…than…：不如……，不及…… You are not more careful than he is.你不如他仔细。 She was not more pleased than I was.她不及我开心。 ④no+比较级+than：仅仅…..，最多……，只不过……，和……一样不 This kind of plant grows no higher than one inch. 这种植物最多长到一英寸。 The officials could see no more than the Emperor. 官员们看到的和皇帝一样多。 He is no more a good player than I am. 他和我一样都不是好球员(他也好不到哪里去)。 ⑤less+形容词/副词/名 than：比……更少，不如…… Jane is less beautiful than Suan. He is less slow than lazy at his work.=He is more lazy than slow at his work. ⑥not less…than：不比……少，不亚于…… She is not less charming than her daughter.她跟她女儿一样有魅力。 ⑦no less…than：不会比……差，正如……一样” A dolphin is no less a clever animal than a dog is.海豚不会比狗笨吧! IV.容易混淆的形容词、副词的辨析 1.下列单词虽以-ly 结尾，但却是形容词而非副词 deadly,friendly,lovely,likely,lonely,silly,lively,brotherly,weekly,daily,yearly 等。 2.有无 ly 的副词意义、用法有别 ①意义用法不同 Someone followed me close behind me.有人紧跟着我。 Everyone felt that his remarks hit close to home.他的话击中了要害。 Come close to me and you’ll listen to me clearly.靠近我，你就会听清楚的。 These two topics are closely related.这两个课题紧密相连。 (close 修饰介词短语、closely 修饰动词和过去分词) He hardly worked hard at maths so he could not pass the maths examination. 他几乎没有 努力学习数学，结果没有通过这次数学考试。 He always works late into the night.他总是工作到深夜。 Have you been to the cinema lately?你最近有没有看电影? The meeting proceeded in a most friendly atmosphere.会见在极其友好的气氛中进行。 The present world situation is most favorable for the people.当前世界形势对人民非常 有利 They are mostly visiting scientists.= Most of them are visiting scientists.
②具体和抽象的关系 They buried the body very deep. 他们把尸体埋得很深。(具体) His words deeply moved me. 他的话深深地打动了我。(抽象) 类似的词：high/highly,wide/widely 3.形容词和副词相同形式 ①意义不一 She said with a half smile to me.她微笑着对我说。 Well begun is half done.良好的开端是成功的一半。 This kind of material feels very hard.这种材料摸上去很硬。 He found modern art very hard to understand.他觉得现代艺术很难理解。 He is working hard at maths.他在努力学习数学。 The door was fast shut.门紧闭着。 His father was fast asleep.他父亲睡得很香。 ②意义基本相同 He got up so early that he caught the early bus.他起得早赶上了早班车。 What you need is a sound sleep.你所需要的是好好睡一觉。 His father was sound asleep. 他父亲睡得很香。 If he were well,he would do the work well. 如果他身体好的话，他会把这项工作干好的。 4.搭配特别的形容词和副词 英语中有些形容词和副词与名词、动词、或另一形容词等的搭配与汉语不完全一样，在 平时学习中通过运用要把它们掌握好。 特别要记住下列与汉语不同的表达方法： well worth 很值得 wide awake 很清醒 fast/sound asleep 睡得很香 largely due to…主要因为 greatlyrespected/honoured 很受尊敬 badly/seriously hurt/injured 伤得很严重 rain/snow hard/heavily 下大雨(大雪) large/small population 人口多(少) heavy traffic 交通堵塞 5.体现两句间逻辑关系的连接性副词 解决这类问题， 首先要弄清形容词和副词真正含义， 在解题时要弄清上下文的逻辑关系。 常用的此类词有：besides 而且、再说,instead 而是，反而,though 不过，可是，然 而,however 不过，仍然，然而,thus/therefore 因此，所以,furthermore/moreover 此外，而 且，再者,otherwise/or 否则，不然,anyhow/anyway 反正，不管怎样,even so 即便如此，即 使这样,or rather 更确切地说等等。 请看下列选择题： ①Progress so far has been very good. _______, we are sure that the project will be completed on time. A. Howeve B. Otherwise C. Therefore D. Besides “一直进展良好”与“按时完工”是因果关系，用 therefore。本题答案是 C。 ②The hurricane damaged many houses and business buildings;_____ , it caused 20 deaths. A. or else B. therefore C. after all D. besides
由前后语境不难确定，是要表示“此外，还有，而且”，用 besides。其它选项不合语境： or so 大约;therefore 因此;after all 毕竟。本题答案是 D。 ③Much of the power of the trade unions has been lost. _ , their political influence should be very great. (2006 广东) A. As a result B. As usual C. Even so D. So far 由前后的语意逻辑可知，所填之词应是表示“即使如此”之意，用 even so。句意：工会 已经失去很多权力了;即使这样，他们的政治影响还应当还是很大的。本题答案是 C。 6.too much 和 much too 的区别 ①too much 有下列用法 too much 的含义是“太多”，充当形容词用时，too 是副词，用来修饰 much，后接不可 数名词。 I have too much homework to do.我有太多的家庭作业要做。 too much 充当副词用时，可用来修饰动词 Watching TV too much is bad for your health.看电视看得太多对你的健康有害。 too much 充当代词用时，后面不接名词，代替上下文提到的事物。 You gave me too much.你给我的太多了。 ②much too 意为“太”，much(副词)用来修饰 too(副词)，以加强语气，只可起副词作用， 在句中修 饰形容词或副词。 It’s much too expensive.太贵了。 You walk(much)too far yesterday.昨天你散步走得太远了。 It’s much too cold. ◆典型陷阱题分析◆ 1. We don’t care if a hunting dog smells _____, but we really don’t want him to smell ____. A. well, well B. bad, bad C. well, badly D. badly, bad 【陷阱】容易误选 B，认为两个 smell 均为连系动词，后接形容词作表语。 【分析】这是 1995 年的一道上海高考题，最佳答案为 D。句中的第一个 smell 为实义 动词，意为―闻气味‖、―嗅觉‖，smell badly 意为―嗅觉差‖；第二个 smell 为连系动词，意为 ―闻起来(有某种气味)‖，smell bad 意为―闻起来气味难闻‖。全句意为―我们并不介意一条猎 狗的嗅觉不好，但我们的确不希望它的气味难闻‖。 2. ―_____ do you think of your English teacher?‖ ―Oh, he is an _____ man.‖ A. What, interesting B. What, interested C. How, interesting D. How, interested 【陷阱】容易误选 D，认为第一空应填 how，表示―如何‖；第二空应填 interested，因 为有的书上说 –ing 形容词主要说明事物，-ed 形容词主要说明人。 【分析】其实最佳答案应是 A。英语中表示汉语的―你觉得……如何?‖时，可用 How do you like ...? 或 What do you think of ...? 注意两者搭配不同，即 like 与 how 搭配，think of 与 what 搭配。另一方面，有的书认为：-ing 形容词说明事，-ed 形容词说明人。此说法在 很多情况下是可行的，但表述欠严谨。严谨的表述应该是：表示使(别)人感到如何, 用-ing 形容词；表示人自己本身感到如何，用-ed 形容词。比较： All the children are interested. 所有的孩子都很感兴趣。 All the children are interesting. 所有的孩子都很有趣。 I read an interested expression on his face. 我看到他脸上露出一种感兴趣的表情。
I read an interesting expression on his face. 我看到他脸上露出一种有趣的表情。 再比较： He is frightened. 他很害怕。 He is frightening. 他很吓人。 He has a frightened look on his face. 他脸上带有惊恐的神情。 He has a frightening look on his face. 他脸上带有吓人的神情。 3. The operation was successful, but I still felt _____. A. very painful B. much painful C. a lot of pain D. very paining 【陷阱】 容易误选 A， 想当然地认为： pain 表示―痛‖， 其形容词 painful 自然表示表示―感 到疼痛的‖。 【分析】其实 painful 的意思并不是―感到疼痛的‖，而是表示―使人感到疼痛的‖、―使 人感到痛苦的‖，所以它通常用于说明事物，而不宜用于说明人。比较并体会： 他仍很痛苦。 正：He is still in pain. 误：He’s still painful. 你感到痛吗? 正：Do you feel any pain? 误：Are you painful? 见到你这样生活我很痛心。 正：I am pained to see you living this way. 误：I am painful to see you living this way. 听到他的死讯，我们都很痛苦。 误：We were all painful to hear of his death. 正：We were all pained to hear of his death. 他眼睛痛。 正：He has painful eyes. 误：He’s painful in the eyes. 4. ―Our team is _____ to win the match.‖ ―Really? But I don’t think so.‖ A. easy B. difficult C. possible D. sure 【陷阱】 几个干扰项均有可能误选， 因为假若单纯从中文意思来看， 四个答案均说得通。 【分析】正确答案为 D，A、B、C 三项填入空格处虽然从汉语来看说得通，但不合英 语习惯。 因为按英语习惯， easy 和 difficult 后接不定式时， 其主语(或逻辑主语)通常应是 it， 而不能是具体的人或物，除非这个主语与其后不定式有动宾关系。如： 他回答案这个问题很容易。 误：He’s very easy to answer this question. 正：It is very easy for her to answer this question. (用形式主语 it 作主语) 正： The question is very easy for her to answer. (主语为具体的事物， 但它与其后不定式有 动宾关系，即 to answer this question) 我们很难在半小时内完成这工作。 误：We are very difficult to finish the work in half an hour. 正：It is very difficult for us to finish the work in half an hour. (用形式主语 it 作主语) 对 possible 来说，后接不定式时，其主语只能是 it，不能是具体的人或事物，即使该 主语与其后的不定式有动宾关系也不可以。如：
我们可能会赢得这场比赛。 误：We are possible to win the match. 误：The match is possible for us to win. 正：It is possible that we will win the match. 正：It is possible for us to win the match. 5. I think he is _____ to tell us the secret, but I’m not sure. A. possible B. likely C. impossible D. certain 【陷阱】A、B、C 三项均有可能被选择。 【分析】根据句意首先排除 D；再根据上面一题的分析，排除 A 和 C；也就是说，此 题最佳答案为 B。注意 likely 的用法，它与 possible 所用句型不同，请看实例： Are we likely to arrive in time? 我们会及时赶到吗? It’s very likely that he will ring me tonight. 今晚他很可能会给我来电话。 They will very likely come by car. 他们很可能会坐汽车来。(该句中的 likely 为副词，而 前两句中的 likely 为形容词) 6. Let’s make it at seven o’clock on Tuesday morning at my office if ________. A. you’re convenient B. it is convenient for you C. you feel convenient D. it is convenient with you 【陷阱】 容易误选 A 或 C， 因为许多同学将汉语中的―如果你方便的话‖直译为 if you are convenient 或 if you feel convenient。 【分析】 最佳答案为 B， 因为英语中的 convenient 不是表示―感到方便的‖， 而是表示―使 人感到方便的‖，所以 be convenient 的主语通常不能是―人‖。要表示―如果你方便的话‖，英 语通常 if it is convenient for [to] you，其中的介词可用 for 或 to，但一般不用 with。顺便说 一句，偶尔也可见到用人或物作 be convenient 的主语，但此时的句子必须具备这样的特点： 句子主语是其后不定式的逻辑宾语，如： Mary is convenient to see on Sunday. / It is convenient to see Mary on Sunday. 星期天去见 玛丽较为方便。 The furniture is convenient to move. / It is convenient to move the furniture. 这家具搬起来 很方便。 7. We were two hours late that day, which was due to the ______. A. crowded traffic B. crowded traffics C. busy traffic D. busy traffics 【陷阱】 容易误选 A， 因为许多同学将汉语中的―拥挤的交通‖直译为 crowded traffic(s)； 由于 traffic 不可数，排除含 traffics 的选项，所以许多考生便选定答案 A。 【分析】其实，此题的最佳答案是 C，因为英语的 traffic 习惯上不用 crowded 修饰， 而用 busy 或 heavy 修饰， 以说明―交通‖的―拥挤‖。 类似这样的在修饰语方面需特别注意的 还有： (1) 汉语的―绿茶‖说成英语是 green tea，但相应的―红茶‖却是 black tea 而不是 red tea。 (2) 可说 thick soup(浓汤)，但不说 thick coffee (tea)；要表示―浓咖啡(茶)‖，可用 strong coffee (tea)。 (3) 可说 thin soup(稀汤)， 但不说 thin coffee (tea)； 要表示―淡咖啡(茶)‖， 可用 weak coffee (tea)。 8. Mary is very clever and _____ worth teaching, but her brother is not. Look, he is now _____ asleep in class. A. very, very B. much, very C. well, very D. well, fast 【陷阱】容易误选 A，因为许多学生往往将汉语中的―很‖与英语中的 very 等同。
【分析】但是，许多汉语中的―很‖是不能用英语中的 very 来直译的。如汉语―我很喜 欢英语‖，在英语中就不能说成 I very like English，而应说成 I like English very much，因为 副词 very 在英语中习惯上不用来修饰动词。上面一题不能选 A，是因为形容词 worth 和 asleep 习惯上不能用副词 very 来修饰，而是分别用 well 和 fast 修饰，即说成 be well worth doing sth(很值得做某事)， fast (或 sound) asleep(熟睡)， be 所以此题的最佳答案应选 D。 9. ―Could I take your order now?‖ ―Yes. One _____ tea and two _____ coffees.‖ A. black, white B. red, white C. black, green D. red, black 【陷阱】容易误选 B 或 D。 【分析】按汉语习惯，在―茶‖前要加表颜色的形容词通常应是―红‖和―绿‖，即说―红茶‖ 和―绿茶‖。但是在英语中，人们虽然可直接用 green tea 来表示―绿茶‖，但却不能直接用 red tea 来表示―红茶‖，汉语中的―红茶‖说成英语应是 black tea，所以第一空应填 black，即选 A 或 C。对于第二空，coffee 前通常使用的表颜色的形容词是 white 和 black，其中 white coffee 指―牛奶咖啡‖(因牛奶呈白色)，black coffee 指―没有加牛奶的咖啡‖（即纯咖啡或清咖 啡） ，由此可知上题的最佳答案应是 A。 10. Entering the house we found him lying on the bed with his mouth _______ and eyes _______. A. open, close B. opened, closed C. opened, close D. open, closed 【陷阱】此题很容易误选 A。 【分析】答案应选 D。open 和 close 均可用作动词，前者表示―开‖，后者表示―关‖， 是一对反义词，如： Please open your mouth and close your eyes. 请张开嘴，闭上眼。 但是 open 和 close 也可用作形容词， 此时前者意为―开着的‖， 后者意为―接近的‖、 ―亲 近的‖等， 而并不表示―关着的‖， 要表示―关着的‖， 英语用 closed， 即用作形容词时， open 与 close 不是一对反义词，而与 closed 才是反义词。 11. A ______ road goes ______ from one place to another. A. straight, straight B. straightly, straightly C. straight, straightly D. straightly, straight 【陷阱】容易误选 C。认为 straightly 是 straight 的副词形式。 【分析】在现代英语中，straight 既可用作形容词，也可用作副词。而 straightly 这个副 词在现代英语中已被废弃，许多词典均不再收录此词。所以此题最佳答案应选 A。 ◆精编陷阱题训练◆ 1. It was _____ opportunity to miss. A. too good an B. a too good C. too a good D. too good 2. I don’t like it at all. It can’t be _____. A. better B. worse C. best D. worst 3. There was nothing special about this film — it was only ______. A. particular B. average C. interesting D. strange 4. She looks very _____ but I can’t remember her name. A. similar B. familiar C. friendly D. strange 5. He said he would return the money, and I was ______. A. fool enough to believe him B. enough fool to believe him C. fool enough believing him D. enough fool believing him 6. ―This book is ______ more useful for us students.‖ ―Yes, but it is _______ too difficult.‖ A. quite, quite B. much, rather C. rather, quite D. quite, much
7. The children all looked _____ at the broken model plane and felt quite _____. A. sad, sad B. sadly, sadly C. sad, sadly D. sadly, sad 8. The child dreamed that he had once lived in a _______ house in the forest. A. wooden pretty little B. little pretty wooden C. pretty little wooden D. wooden little pretty 9. He wanted to read more, so he asked his friends if there was _______ to read. A. something easy enough B. something enough easy C. enough easy something D. easy enough something 10. The doctor assured the patient that there was ______ with her, but she could not help worrying. A. seriously wrong nothing B. nothing serious wrong C. nothing seriously wrong D. serious nothing wrong 11. —How is your father? —He’s fine. He’s______ to play tennis every Sunday. A. enough active still B. enough still active C. still active enough D. still enough active 12. —Did you wash your new suit in hot water? —Of course not. I am not ______ foolish. A. very B. that C. very much D. too 13.—Which team is _______ to win the game? —I don’t know, but I’ve found _______ for ours to win. A. probable; it unlikely B. likely; it possible C. possible; it possible D. likely; it possibly 14. He didn’t understand the _______ question, so there was a ______ expression on his face. A. puzzling; puzzled B. puzzling; puzzling C. puzzled; puzzled D. puzzled; puzzling 15. She can speak _______ in front of Mack, but she can’t eat ______ in his restaurant. A. free, free B. free, freely C. freely, free D. freely, freely 16. It was raining heavily. Little Mary felt cold, so she stood ____ to her mother. A. close B. closely C. closed D. closing 17. Fred is second to none in maths in our class, but believe it or not, he _______ passed the last exam. A. easily B. hardly C. actually D. successfully 【高考预测】 1.—Why don’t you like the shirt? —Its neck is not big for me at all. Have you got a shirt of this kind with _____ neck? A. the biggest B. a far bigger C. by far the biggest D. a more bigger 2.—The temperature today is 10℃ below zero. —Oh, it’s ____cold. A. the most B. the more C. most D. much more 3.—Do you think him naughty enough? —I’m afraid he’s ___than naughty. A. more clever B. clever C. much clever D. much more clever
4.Exercise is _____as any other to lose unwanted weight. A. so useful a way B. as a useful way C. as useful a way D. such a useful way 5._ ____, the boys were shouting and singing. A.Happy and excited C.To be happy and excited A.no less than A.as little B.Happily and excitedly D.To be happily and excitedly C. not more than D. fewer D. much less than
6.I’m glad to say that he’s already finished _____50% of the book in these three days. B. no more than 7.The US is about the same size as China, but its population is five times_ ___. B. smaller C. as few 8.—Are you going to the football game? —No, the tickets are ____expensive for me. A.very much B. so much C. far too D. highly 9.The little town has now grown into a modern big city, and is ___ what it used to be. A.twice the size than C. twice the size as B. two times the size as D. twice the size of
10.—What do you think of the plan? —I feel ___that we ought to give it up at once. A. strong B. stronger C. strongly D. it strong 11.To handle the financial crisis, the new government has to work more ______ with other nations, especially the less-affected ones. A.formally B. smoothly C. carefully D. closely 12.The more teenagers watch actors smoking in films, the more ______ they are to take up the habit of smoking themselves. A. likely B. simply C. probably D. possibly 13.—Haven’t you seen the speed limit sign? Please drive _______. —Sorry, but I have to. A. more slowly a bit C. a bit more slowly B. slowly a bit more D. slowly more a bit
14.—This book by Tony Garrison is of great use for our course. —But I think his latest one is _______ worth reading. A.better B. more C. most D. very 15.After hearing the manager's stating their future plan, Mr.Brown came back home, ____. A.excited and hopefully C.excited and hopeful B.exciting and hopeful D.excitingly and hopefully
16. —Do you think the weather is good enough for an outing? —Yes, you couldn’t hope for _____at the time of the year. A. a nice day A. well; good C. to be good; well A.a better B. the nicer day C. a nicer day D. the nicest day 17.This kind of fried chickens sells ______, mainly because it tastes _____ _. B. good; well D. to be well; good C.a much too better D.a very good
18.How exciting this football match is!Have you ever watched________ one? B.another better
19.With the help of the new equipment, our factory produced ________ VCD players in 2009 as the year before. A. as many as twice C. as twice many are concerned. A. too small a A.lately B. a too small C. such small a D.likely D. a such small 21.He’s _______ working in Germany as a representative of a Chinese company. B.recently C.presently 22.—You know our manager has been in hospital for days? —Yes.I wonder if he is ___ better now. A. any A. better B. some B. best C. very C. worse D.too D. worst 23.—Are you satisfied with her work, sir? —Not at all. It couldn’t be any _______. 24.On the third floor there are two rooms, _____ is used as a meeting-room. A.one of them C. and a larger of them A.most B.almost B. the larger of which D. the largest one of which C.mostly D.nearly B. twice more than D. twice as many
20.In the eyes of Premier Wen Jiabao, there is never ____________thing as far as peasants
25.People are always on the go , so they spend their weekend on housework . 26.These natural parks are very important for preserving many animals, which would _______ run the risk of becoming extinct. A.otherwise B. therefore C. nevertheless D. however 27.—Have your working conditions improved? —No, _____ than before, I’m afraid. A. no better and have fun. A. extra A. fairly too. A. other than B. more than C. rather than D. less than 31.—You’re not worried about your English, are you? —No, certainly not. Not Chinese, not math and _____ English. A. as far as ____ today. A. as tiring a day as C. tiring as a day as B. as a tiring day D. day as a tiring as B. at the least C. best of all D. least of all 32.I’m not a little tired today after giving the room a thorough cleaning and I have never had B. available B. rather C. former C. quite D. recent 29.The dress is really fashionable and eye-catching, but it is ______ too big for me. D. pretty 30.It took ______ building supplies to construct these energy-saving houses. It took brains, B. a little better C. not worse D. no worse 28.My parents want me to take_________maths lessons at the weekend, but I want to play
33.—It is said that the number of Chinese characters you can type on your mobile phone is the total number of Chinese characters.
—I know. That is because the character input systems are made ____by foreign cell phone producers. A. much than 25 percent C.25 percent less than A. moreover with her.. A. anyhow B. anyway C. somewhere D. somehow 36.The boat is ________ small, we can’t put _______ food in it. A. much too; so many C. too much; much too A.proud B. afraid B. much too; too much D. too much; so much C. popular D. content B. besides C. but B. 25 percent as less as D. 25 percent as much D. nevertheless
34. There was no news;____, she didn’t give up hope. 35. Although she could speak very little Chinese, _______ we did manage to communicate
37.Those who are not ___ with the progress they 've made will have greater success. 38.— Don’t you agree with what he said? —Yes，_______! It can’t be better. A.approximately A. accurate B. absolutely C. relatively D. partly 39.The bridge is closed so we advise you to use a(n) ______ route. B. alternative C. tentative D. primitive 40.—Can I buy Jane Rye here? —Sorry, but we’ll call you as soon as it becomes . A. present B. available C. convenient D. inexpensive 41.—Why couldn’t they meet us at five o’clock? —Because they were delayed by _________. A. heavy traffic C. crowded traffic A.especially A. mature their work. A. accustomed B. subjective C. familiar D. associated 45.After I arrived at her house, she showed me into ____________. A. a room cosy or little C. a cosy little room mailbox instead. A. common A.fortunately B. normal B.eventually C. ordinary C.certainly D. usual D.surprisingly 47.He was robbed last night, but he didn’t have much on him then. B. a little cosy room D. cosy little a room B.formally B. convenient B. heavy traffics D. crowded traffics C.definitely C. available D.gradually D. tight
42.I think Zheng Jie is _______ a rising tennis star. She has put China on the tennis map. 43. It is not____ for me to return all the books to the library now because I still need them. 44.The workers are so _____ to the noise of the machine that they don’t even notice it during
46.Letterboxes are much more ____ in the UK than in the US, where most people have a
48.Although my grandfather is in his eighties, he is still as ______ as a young man and hates sitting around doing nothing all day. A. enthusiastic time. A.Therefore B. While C. However D. Otherwise 50.It’s ______ to borrow money from your mother to settle your debt to your uncle. That’s just robbing Peter to pay Paul. A.ridiculous B. strange C. stubborn D. splendid 高考题选： 1. John has three sisters. Mary is the ___ of the three. A. most cleverest B. more clever C. cleverest D. cleverer 2. The students are___ young people between the age of sixteen and twenty. A. most B. almost C. mostly D. at most 3. She told us ___story that we all forgot about the time. A. such an interesting B. such interesting a C. so an interesting D. a so interesting 4. It is impossible for so___ workers to do so_______ work in a single day. A. few, much B. few, many C. little, much D. little, many 5. The horse is getting old and can't run ___ it did. A. as faster as B. so fast than C. so fast as D. as fast as 6. The story sounds___ . A. to be true B. as true C. being true D. true 7. I'd been expecting ___ letters the whole morning, but there weren't ___ for me. A. some; any B. many; a few C. some; one D. a few; none 8. This year they have produced ___ grain ___ they did last year. A. as less; as B. as few; as C. less; than D. fewer; than 9. After the new technique was introduced, the factory produced ___ tractors in 1988 as the year before. A. as twice many B. as many twice C. twice as many D. twice many as 10. The pianos in the other shop will be , but______ . A. cheaper; not as better B. more cheaper; not as better C. cheaper; not as good D. more cheap; not as good 11. ---Can I help you? ---Well, I'm afraid the box is___ heavy for you, but thank you all the same. A. so B. much C. very D. too 12.---Excuse me, is this Mr. Brown's office? ---I'm sorry, but Mr. Brown ___ works here. He left about three weeks ago. A. not now B. no more C. not still D. no longer 13. If we had followed his plan, we could have done the job better with ___ money and ___ people. A. less; less B. fewer; fewer C. less; fewer D. fewer; less 14. Oh, John. ___ you gave me!
49.Everything works out well. ____, we are sure that the experiment will be completed on
A. How a pleasant surprise B. How pleasant surprise C. What a pleasant surprise D. What pleasant surprise 15. ---How did you find your visit to museum? ---I thoroughly enjoyed it. It was ___ than I expected. A. far more interesting B. even much interesting C. so more interesting D. a lot much interesting 16. Canada is larger than ___ country in Asia. A. any B. any other C. other D. another 17. Those oranges taste___ . A. good B. well C. to be good D. to be well 18. The experiment was ___ easier than we had expected. A. more B. much more C. much D. more much 19. ___ food you've cooked! A. How a nice B. What a nice C. How nice D. What nice 20. Go and get your coat. It's ___ you left it. A. there B. where C. there where D. where there 21. John was so sleepy that he could hardly keep his eyes___ . A. open B. to be opened C. to open D. opening 22. ---Are you feeling ___? ---Yes, I' m fine now. A. any well B. any better C. quite good D. quite better 23. Which is___ country, Canada or Australia? A. a large B. larger C. a larger D. the larger 24. ---Will you give this message to Mr. White, please? ---Sorry, I can't. He ___. A. doesn't any more work here B. doesn't any longer here work C. doesn't work any more here D. doesn't work here any longer 25. How can you finish the drawing? A. often B. soon C. long D. rapid 26. ___ terrible weather we've been having these days! A. How a B. What a C. How D. What 27. It takes a long time to go there by train. It's___ by road. A. quick B. the quickest C. much quick D. quicker 28. ___ from Beijing to London! A. How long way it is B. What a long way is it C. How long way is it D. What a long way it is 29. She doesn't speak___ her friends, but her written work is excellent. A. as well as B. as often as C. so much as D. as good as 30. ---Mum, I think I'm___ to get back to school. ---Not really, My dear. You'd better stay at home for another day or two. A. so well B. so good C. well enough D. good enough 31. ---If you don't like the red coat, take the blue one. ---OK, but do you have ___ size in blue? This one's a bit tight for me. A. a big B. a bigger C. the big D. the bigger
32. John plays footbal___ , if not better than, Davi. A. as well B. as well as C. so well D. so well as 33. We all write___ ,even when there's net much to say. A. now and then B. by and by C. step by step D. more or less 34. ---Do you remember ___ he came? ---Yes I do, he came by car. A. how B. when C. that D. if 35. If there were no examinations, we should have ___at school. A. the happiest time B. a more happier time C. much happiest time D. a much happier time 36. ---Have you finished your report yet? ---No, I'll finish in___ ten minutes. A. another B. other C. more D. less 37. ---I'd like ___ information about the management of your hotel, please. ---Well, you could have ___ word with the manager. He might be helpful. A. some; a B. an; some C. some; some D. an; a 38. If we work with a strong will, we can overcome any difficulty,___ great it is. A. what B. how C. however D. whatever 39. We decided not to climb the mountains because it was raining ____. A. badly B. hardly C. strongly D. heavily 40. How beautifully she sings! I have never heard ___. A. the better voice B. a good voice C. the best voice D. a better voice 41. Tony is going camping with ___ boys. A. little two other B. two little other C. two other little D. little other two 42. ---How was your recent visit to Qingdao? ---It was great. We visited some friends, and spent ___the days at the seaside. A. few last sunny B. last few sunny C. last sunny few D. few sunny last 43. Can you believe that in ___ a rich country there should be _ many poor people? A. such; such B. such; so C. so; so D. so; such 44. Wait till you are more___ .It's better to be sure than sorry. A. inspired B. satisfied C. calm D. certain 45. Professor White has written some short stories, but he is ___ known for his plays. A. the best B. more C. better D. the most 46.___ to take this adventure course will certainly learn a lot of useful skills. A. Brave enough students B. Enough brave students C. Students brave enough D. Students enough brave 47. It's always difficult being in a foreign country, ___ if you don't speak the language. A. extremely B. naturally C. basically D. especially 48. I am surprised that you should have been fooled by such a (an) ___ trick. A. ordinary B. easy C. smart D. simple 49. It is generally believed that teaching is___ it is a science.
A. an art much as B. much an art as C. as an art much as D. as much an art as 50.---I'm very ___with my own cooking. It looks nice and smells delicious. ---Mm, it does have a ___smell. A. pleasant; pleased B. pleased; pleased C. pleasant; pleasant D. pleased; pleasant 51.Boris has brains. In fact ,I doubt whether anyone in the class has ___IQ. A. a high B. a higher C. the higher D. the highest
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