重庆市三峡名校联盟 2014 届高三 12 月联考英语试题
注意: 1、考试时间 100 分钟，满分 120 分。 2、答题前，务必将自己的姓名，考号填写在答题卡规定的位置。 3、答选择题时，必须用 2B 铅笔把答题卡上对应题目的答案标号涂黑。如须改动，用橡 皮擦干净后，再选涂其它答案标号。 4、答非选择题时，必须使用 0.5 毫米黑色签字笔，将答案书写在答题卡规定的位
置上。 5、所有题目必须在答题卡上作答，在试题卷上答题无效。 6、考试结束，将试题卷和答题卡一并交回。 第一部分：单项填空（共 15 小题；每小题 1 分，满分 15 分） 从 A、 B.、C、D 四个选项中，选出可以填入空白处的最佳选项，并在答题卡上将 该项的标号涂黑。 1. Do you have ________ Smith here? I’d like to have ________word with him. A. a; the B. the; a C. the; the D. a; a 2. We are now in the age of great changes. Everything sometimes ________ before it is felt. A. change B. had changed C. has changed D. changed 3. In the darkness, she felt ________, but when she turned around, nobody was there. A. to follow B. following C. to be followed D. being followed 4. I hate ________ when someone makes a mess of my learning materials on my desk. A. it B. that C. this D. one 5. It is only when a football player has aged and been through many battles ________ he learns an important lesson: there is no ―I‖ in ―team‖. A. after B. before C. what D. that 6. Don’t worry about your future. As long as you try your best, a great future ________ wait for you on your way. A. would B. can C. must D. should 7. –Who do you suggest ________ sent to take part in the final competition on behalf of our school? –Jack, I think. A. being B. to be C. be D. is 8. I am doing a job ________ I have to do the same thing day after day. Oh, it’s just terrible. A. where B. which C. what D. as 9. ________ fails to realize the importance of improving the learning strategies will have great difficulty in learning. A. Who B. Whoever C. What D. Whatever 10. –I can hardly make myself understood in Chinese. Would you please give me some help? –________. We are trying to help you. A. Take your time B. Take it away C. Take it easy D. Take it over
11. –________ your new desk-mate? –Well, she is nice except that she talks a little too much. A. How do you find B. Who do you think is C. What do you like D. Whom do you want to be 12. The astronauts have to lie ________ the floor of the spaceship to fight against the great pressure during the flight. A. in B. beyond C. against D. at 13. The sides of the Iran nuclear negotiation reached a key point, the result of ________ would have a great influence on the world peace. A. that B. which C. whom D. them 14. The game was so exciting to play that the boy kept his eyes and attention ________ on it, ruining both a lot. A. fixing B. fixed C. to fix D. fix 15. Some so-called climate travelers ________ in one place for a few months and then move on to some other places as the weather changes. A. have stayed B. are staying C. stay D. stayed 第二部分：完形填空（共 20 小题，每小题 1.5 分；满分 30 分） 阅读下面两篇短文，掌握其大意，然后从 16—35 各题所给的四个选项（A、B、C 和 D）中，选出可以填入空白处的最佳选项。 A Maybe you know the saying, ―When you point one finger, there are three fingers pointing back to you.‖ One wise man had a version of this 16 when he said, ―Don't focus on the dust in your brother's eye while 17 the dirt in your own eye.‖ Why do we do this? Because criticisms are always 18 ourselves. When we criticize others, we do not expose them, but expose ourselves. We 19 our own weakness and smallness. A story in the old tales 20 the difference in wisdom between the good and the bad. Once a king 21 both Nelson and Dick. The king asks Nelson to go out into the kingdom and 22 after finding someone less qualified than himself. Then he asks Dick to go out into the kingdom and return after finding someone 23 than himself. When Fool Dick returns, he tells the king that he couldn't find anyone better than himself. 24 Wise Nelson says that he was 25 to find anyone less qualified than himself on his return. Moral of the story is something about human 26 . Good people always look at their own 27 and faults and consider themselves less qualified than others. Whereas bad people always look at the shortcomings and faults of others and 28 themselves more qualified than others. 16. A. problem B. wisdom C. idea D. action 17. A. dropping B. holding C. ignoring D. neglecting 18. A. centered on B. put up with C. dealt with D. moved out 19. A. forget B. kill C. broadcast D. express 20. A. cancels B. explains C. doubts D. illustrates
21. A. meets with 22. A. leave 23. A. better 24. A. But 25. A. happy 26. A. side 27. A. shortcomings 28. A. consider
C. worries about D. looks after C. wait D. stay C. higher D. shorter C. Moreover D. Therefore C. disabled D. unable C. thought D. psychology C. worries D. advantages C. have D. keep B The world has never faced so much trouble before. People are 29 within themselves about natural resources, territories and especially religions. In my opinion, laughter is a universal language, which has the ability to 30 humanity without religions. Laughter can build a common connection between various religions and create a new world 31 . The idea may sound over-ambitious, and maybe it is. But maybe it is not. It is our deep 32 that laughter and only the laughter can unite the world, holding up a 33 sense of brotherhood and friendship. Studies also show that laughter helps your body to do the following: lower blood pressure; lighten depression; reduce stress; work out the heart, 34 for those who are unable to perform 35 exercise. So in life, when you can laugh, you should laugh loudly and with your entire body—because it’s good for you. 29. A. in peace B. in difficulty C. at war D. among challenge 30. A. unite B. unfold C. release D. handle 31. A. position B. ruler C. size D. order 32. A. belief B. advice C. intention D. plan 33. A. safe B. humorous C. common D. global 34. A. partly B. intensively C. especially D. universally 35. A mental B. heart C. physical D. morning 三、阅读理解（共 20 小题；每小题 2 分，满分 40 分） 阅读下面的短文，从每题所给的四个选项(A、B、C、D)中，选出最佳选项。 A ―How did Norman know, Sister Emma?‖ ―He overheard you and Aryan arguing. I suspect that he purposely overheard on you. Norman knew or concluded what profession Aryan practiced. He might well have followed Aryan on his explorations. Whether he did or not is beside the point. When Aryan came back yesterday afternoon, Norman certainly decided that he had made some find, for Aryan told Norman that he would be leaving for the capital to meet the detective the next morning. He probably followed Aryan to your room and overheard what passed between you. ―Since you could not act against the law of man and God, he would serve a natural justice in his own way. He took the jar of poison hemlock from the chemistry shop and when Aryan asked for a drink, he supplied it. Norman did not know the precise quantity needed and so Aryan did not suffer the full effects until after the bell called the community into the dining
B. questions about B. return B. faster B. Although B. quick B. life B. excuses B. take
hall for the evening meal.‖ Abbess was following Sister Emma closely. ―And then?‖ ―Then I began my investigation, and then the detective arrived seeking Aryan for an explanation for his death.‖ ―But who killed Norman?‖ ―Norman knew that sooner or later he would be discovered. But more importantly in his guileless (坦率的) mind there was also the guilt of having taken a man’s life to be considered. Norman was a simple man. He decided that he should accept the punishment —the honor-price of a life. What greater honor-price for the life of Aryan could he offer than his own? He also took a draught of poison hemlock.‖ There was a pause. 36. What may have happened to Aryan? A. He was killed by poison. B. He was found missing. C. He was poisoned but saved. D. He went away with what he had found. 37. What did Abbess do according to Sister Emma when Aryan came back? A. She talked with Aryan about Norman’s strange actions. . B. She secretly discussed with Aryan about something secret. C. She followed the two men and found what they were doing. D. She let Sister Emma help find out the two men’s secret. 38. What can we conclude from the above story? A. Abbess served the detective. B. Emma knows all the people mentioned. C. Aryan was sent to kill Abbess but failed. D. Norman seemed very devoted to Abbess. 39. Which of the following might be true according to the above passage? A. Abbess hired Norman to fight against Aryan. B. Norman told everything to Emma. C. Aryan worked for the detective. D. All the people came from the capital. B How did your friendships begin? Most start with a short conversation on a random day. Asking about a homework assignment in class or complaining about your painful legs after playing in a soccer game, you found your best pal by accident. ―Small talk is where all your relationships begin,‖ Forbes magazine summed up. The following is a five-step guide to making small talk from Bernardo J. Carducci, the director of the Shyness Research Institute at Indiana University Southeast, US. Let’s have a look. ① Getting started Begin by talking about the setting, such as the weather outside or the room you
are in (―It’s cold in here, isn’t it?‖). The purpose of talking about the setting is to show the other person that you are willing to make a conversation. ②The personal introduction You should mention something about yourself, such as your name. A good personal introduction helps move the conversation forward. ③Looking for topics At this point, you and your conversation partner need to find common ground. This is a good time to ask questions or to refer back to things you’ve said or heard earlier. Don’t worry if it gets quiet. The other person is probably just thinking of something to say. ④Expanding the topic The goal is to keep the conversation going. At every stage, you should be careful not to talk too much. But don’t let the other person dominate the conversation either. If that starts to happen, mention something about yourself when he or she takes a breath. ⑤A polite ending When ending a conversation, let the person know you’ll be leaving soon, express gratitude for the conversation and set the stage for a future conversation. For example, you could say, ―I really must be going soon, but I had a great time chatting with you. I really liked hearing your opinion about that new movie. Here’s my phone number. Call or tex t me if you know of any other movies you think I might enjoy.‖ 40. According to the article, starting by talking about the setting is meant to ________. A. find common ground B. impress the other person C. make a conversation D. make the room warmer 41. What does the underlined word ―dominate‖ mean in Tip④? A. interrupt B. control C. adapt D. simplify 42. When ending a conversation, you’d better ________. A. talk about how much you want to keep talking B. show that you’ve not enjoyed the talk C. mention a specific movie that you love D. give your opinion about the other person’s earlier comments 43. The main purpose of the article is to ________. A. encourage students to make more friends B. give students tips on making small talk C. introduce popular topics for students D. teach students how to create friendships C It’s such a shame to lose a free throw. Playing in the court has pressure from the opponent, time, your teammates, the audience, and yourself. You have to shoot the ball despite all the pressures around. But with a free throw, you have the ball, no one will try to get it from you, and you have all the time to shoot the ball. But why is it that many players, even good shooters, miss most of their free throws? Maybe they need more practice or maybe they need to apply more ways to improve their free throw.
Improve your player or your free throwing skills by following the tips below: Make it personal. The truth is, there is no rule on how one should handle and throw the ball in a free throw. What matters is that the player should shoot the ball from the free throw line no matter how he does it. So when trying to improve your free throw shooting, better stick to what works the best for you. Do not copy other people’s techniques. Make it your own and leave those techniques as theirs. Formulate (公式化 ) a repetitive way of shooting the ball. A free throw should be personalized. But it should also be repetitive. You should be able to repeat your free throw techniques whether you are in your court or in another court, whether you are energized or tired. You can’t say you have a personal free throw technique if you can’t repeat it over and over again. Shoot at the same position and distance for every free throw. Basketball courts may be located in different places or maybe marked with different paint colors. But all of these courts maintain the same distance from the ring to the free throw line. Familiarize your perfect position when making your free throws. That should help you do your perfect throw. 44. Why do so many players fail to make a successful free throw? A. Because they don’t have any special skills. B. Because they are lacking in practice and tips. C. Because they are not so familiar with rules. D. Because many of them are green hands. 45. What can you do if you want to be a wonderful free thrower? A. Learn from others. B. Form your own throwing skills. C. Keep active in the court. D. Learn to throw in different locations. 46. The underlined word ―ring‖ in the last paragraph may most probably mean ―________‖. A. sound B. basket C. ball D. group 47. Which of the following might serve as the best title of the above passage? A. How to play basketball successfully in the court. B. How to improve your basketball throw skills. C. How to gain more points in throwing. D. How to improve your basketball free throwing. D 1 During the First World War, some Americans indirectly benefited because of the war. ○ With two million white men fighting in Europe and no new immigrants entering the country, many jobs in the United States became available to blacks and women for the first time. 2 Both groups proved their ability to do any kind of job. Women became railway ○ conductors, brick layers, and factory workers. Their presence in traditionally male workplace produced many problems. Men were annoyed by women’s higher productivity and willingness to work for lower pay. Working mothers were often criticized for leaving their families. But many women welcomed the responsibilities. ―It was not until our men were called overseas,‖ said one woman bank executive, ―that we make any real onslaught on the realm of finance, and became tellers, managers of departments, and junior and senior officers.‖
3 Women who did not take jobs helped in the war effort in other ways. They made ○
uniforms, rolled bandages, and campaigned for the sale of Liberty Bonds to help finance the war. 4 American manufacturers offered jobs to large numbers of black Americans for the first ○ time as a result of the war. Most factories were located in the North. To take advantage of these new job opportunities, many black families moved from their homes in the South to the Northern cities such as Pittsburgh, Cleveland, Buffalo, Chicago, and Detroit. 5 White Americans were of two minds about the role of black Americans in the war effort. ○ On the one hand, black workers’ ability to learn new jobs quickly and do them well strengthened the home front, and the black men’s fighting ability helped the Allies win the war. However, many whites did not want to acknowledge that blacks were capable, effective workers. White soldiers returning from the war had no desire to compete for jobs with blacks on equal terms. At the same time, many blacks were not willing to a lesser role once the war had ended. 48. Why could American women and backs find jobs during World War I? A. They were taken to serve the war. B. They had their equal right at that time. C. Workforce was in great need. D. They had better productivities. 49. Which of the following is Untrue according to the above passage? A. Blacks women were not allowed to fight in World War I. B. All American women went to work during World War I. C. Northern cities applied more blacks during World War I. D. Women and blacks earned a lot during World War I. 50. Which of the following is the main idea of the whole passage? A. Americans benefited a lot from World Ward I. B. World War I had strong effect on America. C. Some Americans benefited from World War I indirectly. D. U.S.A. women and blacks contributed much in World War I. 51. Which of the following shows the right structures of the above passage? 1 →○ 2○ 3 →○ 4○ 5 1 →○ 2 →○ 3 →○ 4 →○ 5 A. ○ B. ○ 1 →○ 2○ 3 →○ 4 →○ 5 1○ 2○ 3 →○ 4 →○ 5 C. ○ D. ○ E Thoughts claim our attention continuously, and waste our time and energy on unimportant and useless matters. They actually rule our life. We have become so used to this slavery, that we take it for granted, and have become unconscious of this habit, except on certain occasions. While breathing, we do not need to pay attention to each inhalation and exhalation. We become conscious of the process of breathing only when we have some difficulty with breathing, such as when our nose is blocked, due to a cold, or when we are in an unventilated(不通风的) room. It is the same with thinking. We become conscious of the constant onslaught of our
thoughts, and of our inability to calm them down, only when we need to concentrate, solve a problem or study. We are also aware of them when we have worries or fears. Look at the following familiar situation. You need to study something for an exam. You sit comfortably on the sofa with the book in your hands and start reading. After a while you feel hungry and go to the kitchen to eat something. You return to read, and then hear your people talking outside. You listen to them for several moments and then bring your attention back to the book. After a while you feel restless and switch on the radio to listen to some music. You continue to read for a little while, and then remember something that happened yesterday, and you start thinking about it. When you look at your watch, you are amazed to find out that one complete hour has passed and you have hardly read anything. And at this time, you feel you’re thinking. This is what happens when one lacks concentration. Imagine what you could have accomplished if you could control your attention and focus your mind! 52. When can you feel you are thinking? A. While breathing. B. While not reading. C. When you need to concentrate. D. When you waste your time. 53. Why does the author put forward the exam situation? A. To explain the course of thinking awareness. B. To show how to get ready for an exam. C. To present an example of concentration. D. To emphasize the importance of reading. 54. Where can you most probably find the above passage? A. In a guidebook of natural science. B. In the front page of a newspaper. C. In an advertisement part of a magazine. D. In the section of psychology of a magazine. 55. This passage is mainly about _______. A. the relationship between thoughts and breathing B. how people’s thought and mind work C. what happens when one wants to think D. the ways to increase your thought
第四部分：书面表达(共两个大题，满分 35 分) 写作一 (满分 15 分) 请根据下面的英语提示写一篇 60 字左右的短文。 A man’s daughter is seriously ill and he has to rush her to the hospital. But on the way he injures an old lady seriously because of over speeding.
要求：1、请就该材料发表你的感想； 2、应结合材料，有明确的观点； 3、请在答题卡上作答。 写作二（满分 20 分） 为减少食物浪费，中国最近开展了―光盘‖行动。假如你是某国际学校的学生李华， 请以―Against Food Waste‖为题，用英语写一篇短文，拟发表在学校网站英文版上。内容 应包括以下要点： ▲就餐浪费现象描述： 据报道，每年全国在餐馆里被倒掉的食物估计可养活 2 亿人； ▲就餐浪费原因简析； ▲光盘行动的意义； ▲提出倡议。 注意：1、陈述所给的要点，可适度发挥，但不要简单翻译； 2、词数 80 字以上。开头语已经写好，不计入总词数； 3、参考词汇：好客 hospitality； 4、请在答题卡上作答。 Against Food Waste China has recently taken on a national campaign ―Eat up All on the Plates‖, for
三峡名校联盟 2013 年 12 月联考高 2014 级英语试题参考答案及评分标准 参考答案 第一部分：单项填空（共 15 小题；每小题 1 分，满分 15 分） 1—5 DCDAD 6—10 DCABC 11—15 ACBBC 第二部分：完形填空（共 20 小题，每小题 1.5 分；满分 30 分） 16—20 BCACD 21—25 ABAAD 26—30 DAACA 31—35 DADCC 第三部分：阅读理解 （共 20 小题；每小题 2 分，满分 40 分） 36—40 ABDCC 41—45 BADBB 46—50 BDCBC 51—55 ACADB 第四部分：书面表达（满分 35 分） 写作一（满分 15 分） I must at first say this father is a responsible father but as a citizen of a society he is not a responsible driver: he only focuses on his own emergency based on the sacrifice of the others’ rights and benefits. As a member of a society, one has many parts to play. But in my opinion, one should at first be the part that will not harm others on any condition or circumstance. So I think this man should be punished. 写作二（满分 20 分） Against Food Waste China has launched a national campaign ―Eat up All on the Plates‖, for the leftovers in
restaurants across the country are almost enough to feed 200 million people annually, according to reports. It is a tradition for most people in China to entertain their guests with more than enough food, believing that they have not satisfied their guests if there’s no food left on the table, which they think is a good way to show their hospitality. They think they will be looked down upon if they don’t do that. The ―Eat Up All on the Plates‖ campaign is intended to reduce the waste and raise people’s awareness. As middle school students, we should do our bit to say ―No‖ to food waste, and try to develop the habit of never ordering or cooking more than what we need so as to save our limited food resources, on which we depend for a better life.
评分标准 一、1—55 题根据各题所给分值按客观题标准用阅卷机读方式评卷。
二、书面表达评分标准 写作一 （一）评分原则 1、本题总分为 15 分，按五个档次给分。 2、评分时，应根据文章的内容和语言初步确定其所属档次，然后以该档次的要求衡量，确定或调整 档次，最后给分。 3、词数少于 60 的，从总分中减去 2 分。 4、评分时，应注意的主要内容：内容要点、应用词汇和语法结构的数量和准确性、上下文连贯性及 语言的得体性。 5、拼写与标点符号是语言准确性的一个方面，评分时，应视其对交际的影响程度予以考虑。英、美 拼写及词汇用法均可接受。 6、如书写较差，以至影响交际，将分数降低一个档次。 （二）评分档次及分值 第五档次（很好） ： （13—15 分） 完全完成了试题规定的任务。 -覆盖所有内容要点。 -应用较多的语法结构和词汇。
-语法结构或词汇方面有些许错误，但为尽力使用较复杂结构或较高级词汇所致；具备较强的语言运 用能力。 -有效地使用了语句间的连接成分，使全文结构紧凑。 完全达到了预期的写作目的。 第四档（好） （10—12 分） 基本完成了试题规定的任务。 -虽漏掉一些内容，但覆盖所有主要内容。 -应用的语法结构和词汇能满足任务的要求。 -有一些语法结构或词汇方面的错误，但不影响理解。 -应用简单的语句间的连接成分，使全文内容连贯。 整体而言，基本达到了预期的写作目的。 第三档（适当） ： （6—9） 未恰当完成试题规定的任务。 -漏掉或未描述清楚一些主要内容，写了一些无关内容。 -语法结构单调，词汇知识有限。 -有一些语法结构或词汇方面的错误，影响了对写作内容的理解。 -较少使用语句间的连接成分，内容缺少连贯性。 信息未能清楚地传达给读者。 第二档（较差） ： （1—5 分） 未完成试题规定的任务。 -明显遗漏主要内容，写一些无关内容，原因可能是未理解试题要求。 -语法结构单调、词汇项目有限。 -较多语法结构或词汇方面的错误，影响对写作内容的理解。 -缺乏语句间的连接成分，内容不连贯。 信息未能传达给读者。 第一档（差） ： （0 分 未能传达给读者任何信息；内容太少、无法评判；写的内容均与所要求内容无关或所写内容无法看 清。 写作二 （一）评分原则 1、本题总分为 20 分，按五个档次给分。 2、评分时，应根据文章的内容和语言初步确定其所属档次，然后以该档次的要求衡量，确定或调整 档次，最后给分。 3、词数少于 80 的，从总分中减去 2 分。 4、评分时，应注意的主要内容：内容要点、应用词汇和语法结构的数量和准确性、上下文连贯性及 语言的得体性。 5、拼写与标点符号是语言准确性的一个方面，评分时，应视其对交际的影响程度予以考虑。英、美 拼写及词汇用法均可接受。 6、如书写较差，以至影响交际，将分数降低一个档次。 （二）评分档次及分值 第五档次（很好） ：16—20 分） 完全完成了试题规定的任务。
-覆盖所有内容要点。 -应用较多的语法结构和词汇。 -语法结构或词汇方面有些许错误，但为尽力使用较复杂结构或较高级词汇所致；具备较强的语言运 用能力。 -有效地使用了语句间的连接成分，使全文结构紧凑。 完全达到了预期的写作目的。 第四档（好） （10—15 分） 完全完成了试题规定的任务。 -虽漏掉 1、2 个次重点，但覆盖所有主要内容。 -应用的语法结构和词汇能满足任务的要求。 -语法结构或词汇方面应用基本准确，些许错误主要是因尝试复杂语法结构或词汇所致。 -应用简单的语句间的连接成分，使全文结构紧凑。 达到了预期的写作目的。 第三档（适当） ： （6—9） 基本完成了试题规定的任务。 -虽漏掉一些内容，但覆盖所有主要内容。 -应用的语法结构和词汇能满足任务的要求。 -有一些语法结构或词汇方面的错误，但不影响理解。 -应用简单的语句间的连接成分，使全文内容连贯。 整体而言，基本达到了预期的写作目的。 第二档（较差） ： （1—5 分） 未恰当完成试题规定的任务。 -漏掉或未描述清楚一些主要内容，写了一些无关内容。 -语法结构单调，词汇知识有限。 -有一些语法结构或词汇方面的错误，影响了对写作内容的理解。 -较少使用语句间的连接成分，内容缺少连贯性。 信息未能清楚地传达给读者。 第一档（差） ： （0） 未能传达给读者任何信息；内容太少、无法评判；写的内容均与所要求内容无关或所写内容无法看 清。
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