Language points in warming up and reading 1 in Unit 4 in book 6 1. What do you think green house gases do? 本句中 think 后接了一个由 what 引导的宾语从句。但应注意的是: 特殊宾语从句即当一般 疑问句主句的谓语动词是 think, believe, suppose
, consider, imagine, guess 和 suggest 等 时，表疑问的词要放在主句前即句首。例如： [正] Who do you think will win in the game? [误] Do you think who will win in the game? 当然一般情况下宾语从句的疑问词应放在主句之后，例如： [误] Why do you know we can't cut down the big tree? [正] Do you know why we can't cut down the big tree? 2.It is a rapid increase compared to most natural changes. compare … with… _______________ compare … to … _________________
我们常把儿童比作花朵。_______________________________________________. 如果你把这本字典和那本比较一下，你就会发现许多不同之处。 _______________________________________________________________________. ______ many women, she was indeed very fortunat. A.Compare with B. Compared with C. Comparing to compared with _____________ D. Compare to
3.How has this ___________ and does it matter? come about _____________= happen 你能告诉我事情是怎么发生的吗?___________________________________________. How did the snow catastrophe ____________________? 4. _____________________ the earth is becoming warmer but there is fierce debate over… There is no doubt that… 一、作不可数名词,作"疑惑;怀疑” ①肯定句中 doubt 多接 whether (一般不用 if 代替) 同位语从句。如: There's some doubt ________he'll keep his promise. 他会不会信守诺言还难说。 She had her doubts ________the new book would sell well. 她怀疑新书是否会畅销。 ②否定句中 doubt 多接 that 同位语从句。如: There is no doubt ____ they will ask you for help. 毫无疑问,他们会请你帮忙的。 I have no doubt ____ you will succeed. 我毫不怀疑你会成功的。 二、 作及物动词常用于下列句型中, 作"怀疑; 不能肯定; 不大相信"解, 一般不用进行时态。 ①用于否定句或疑问句, 后接 that 引导的宾语从句。如: I don't doubt ____ he is telling the truth. 我毫不怀疑他在讲真话。 Do you doubt ____ he will win the match? 你怀疑他会赢这场比赛吗?
②用于肯定句,一般接 whether 或 if 引导的宾语从句.如: I doubt __________we will make a profit out of it. 我认为我们不可能从此事中获利。 We doubt __________she will be persuaded. 我们不知道她会不会被说服。 5. phenomenon phenomena n. (单数) 现象； n. (复数) 现象；
雨雪是天气现象。 Rain and snow are __________ of the weather. 6. subscribe to 同意 ;赞成；订购 常用于疑问句和否定句 1) I?ve never subscribed to the theory that people are more important than animals. ___________________________________________________________. 2) I don?t subscribe to the idea that money brings happiness. _______________________________________________________. 7. Some byproducts of this process are called “greenhouse” gases, the most important one being carbon dioxide. the most important one being carbon dioxide 是一个独立主格结构， 由名词+分词构成， 在句中做补充说明或伴随的状况。 ________________(时间允许的话)，I will show you around the city. __________________(今天是星期天)，I don?t have to go to work. ___________________________ (没有人要说的话)，the meeting was closed. 8.Without the ?green house effect?, the earth would be about thirty-three degrees Celsius cooler than it is. 这是一个含蓄虚拟条件句有时假设的情况并不以条件从句形式表示出来，而是通过一个介 词短语或其他方式表示。常用的词或短语有：without, but for，but that，otherwise，or， but 等。 Without your help ( = If we had not had your help)，we could not have succeeded． ___________________________________________________________. But for electricity (= If there were no electricity)，there would be no modem industry． ____________________________________________________________________. He was having a meeting with his students；otherwise he would have come. _______________________________________________________________. He felt very tired yesterday, or he would have attended the party． ____________________________________________________. 9. The problem begins when we add huge __________ of extra carbon dioxide to the atomosphere by burning … 1).我重质量胜过重数量。________________________________________________.
quantities of +可数/不可数名词 + 复数谓语 a (large/great) quantity of +可数/不可数 +单谓/复谓 many a/an +可数名词单数+单 v. many, a good many , quite a few, a great number of ,scores of ,dozens of+可数 n.+复 v. much,a great deal of,a great amount of +不可数 n.+单 v. a lot of ,lots of, plenty of, a great quantity of, quantities of +可数 n./不可数 n. 9. It means that more heat energy tends to be trapped in the stmosphere causing the globaltemperature to go up. 它意味着更多的热能将被困在大气层中，从而引起全球升。 动词 tend 后面跟不定式，表示“有…的倾向，有…的习惯”，或译为”倾向于，趋于”。如： It tends to snow heavily here in winter. ___________________________________________. trap 诱捕; 使陷入困境；留住。如： Sand and leaves trapped the water in the stream. ___________________________________. They finally trapped the mouse in a cage. __________________________________________. 10.They also believe it is the burning of more and more fossil fuels that is ___________ this increase in … result in ________________(= cause / lead to ) 主语为起因, in 的宾语为结果. in quantity 大量
努力终归成功。___________________________________________. result from __________________________主语为结果, from 的宾语为起因 His sickness was caused by eating too much. = His sickness resulted ______eating too much. (in / from) 用下列词填空 result in result from as a result as a result of , London would become a water
The earth is becoming warmer. city. The rise in the sea level would Global warming would
global warming. the rise in the sea level.
global warming, London would become a water city. 11．He ________ that any warming will be mild with few bad environmental ____________. consequence in consequence 结果 in consequence of 由于…的缘故 12. state v. 陈述, 声明； +n. State +that 从 n. 状况/情况; 国家; 州
+wh-从句； 1. 他已公开声明他会支持那项政策。 He has publicly ______ _____ _____ for the policy. 2.我听见那位官员说不接纳儿童。 I heard the official state ___________________they would not accept children. 3. 合同清楚地叙述了那项工作应在何时完成。 The contract stated____________________the work should be finished. 13. range v. 排列, 使成行；偏袒，站在…的方面。 n. 范围(尤指从…到…各种种类, 可供选择的范围等，可加不定冠词) ；排列 beyond the range of…超越……的范围 out of one?s range 某人达不到的
这家商店商品品种多。The shop keeps________________________________. 14.Greenhouse gases continue to build up in the atmosphere. 温室气体继续在大气层中聚 集。 build up 逐步建立，增加，增进 build up one?s fortune_________________________ build up one?s strength___________________________ build up the business__________________________ This built up my hope after the interview. Sediment (沉淀物)builds up on the ocean floor. 15.______________ we start reducing the amount of carbon dioxide and other greenhouse gases, the climate is going to keep on warming for decades or centuries. 即使我们开始减少
二氧化碳和其他温室气体的含量，在（未来）几十年或几个世纪内，气候仍会持续转暖。 even if (也作 even though) 即使；尽管。引导状语从句。如： Jody had all these feelings even if she had no way to express herself. ____________________________________________________ Believe us. We will back you to the end even if you fall. __________________________________________________________. 16. keep on doing 继续做某事 （=continue/go on doing）。如： 我们坚持学习到深夜。_____________________________________________. keep on doing 与 keep doing 在意思和用法上大致相同，经常可以互换使用。 但在表示“连续不断或持续的状态”时，常用 keep doing; 而在强调“继续干某事”（尽管动作 是时断时续的）时，常用 keep on doing。如： You should keep waiting here until he comes. _______________________________________.
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