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必修五module1 Grammar


Book 5 Module 1
Grammar Review of Tenses

Homework

用since或for填空,并总结用法。

1. English grammar has not changed much since ____ the time of Shakespeare. 2. The

American spelling system has existed for about 200 years. ____ 3. I have been studying English since ____ I was in primary school. 4. We have an American teacher . He has been since January. here _____ for more than 20 5. CNN has been on the air _____ year. since the 6. Monita Raipal has worked for CNN ______ year 2000.

Usages of SINCE and FOR?
for 和since可作介词或连接词;他们是完成时态

的标志。
for: 后面跟表示时间段的结构

since:后面跟表示时间点的结构
他们还可以引导原因状语从句,如: Since English is spoken all over the world, there are lots of varieties.

It must have rained last night, for the ground is wet.

How to say:

The moon moves around the earth.

时态
1. The earth moves around the sun. 一般现在时 2.English is developing very rapidly now.

现在进行时

3.They will help you.

一般将来时 现在完成时

4.Great changes have taken place in our city in the past few years.

Learning aims
1. 复习四种时态的基本用法。

2. 掌握四种时态的特殊用法。
3. 复习since和for的用法和区别。

预习案

1.Action speaks louder than words.
一般现在时 ,表示____________ 经常性,习惯性的动作 时态____________ 2.English is developing very rapidly now. 现在进行时 ,表示____________ 现阶段正在进行的动作 时态____________

3.They will help you.
将要发生的动作 一般将来时 ,表示____________ 时态____________

4.Great changes have taken place in our city in the past few years.
现在完成时 ,表示____________ 到现在为止完成的动作 时态____________

课堂探究

一般现在时
注意点一: 规定预计 要发生的动作.用 在表示按___________ 一般现在 表示将来的动作.(学校,火车,飞 ___________ 机)(start, finish, stop, open, close ,return, arrive等)

takes off 1.The plane ______________(take off )at 16:00 this afternoon. begins 2.The school _____________(begin) on September 1st. leaves 3. The train ___________(leave) at 15:05 this afternoon.

注意点二
时间和条件 状语从句中. 常用 在___________ 一般现在时 表示将来的动作. ___________ 读句子找规律 1. --- When will you come to see me, dad? --- I will go to see you when you finish the training course. 2. I will telephone you as soon as I get there. 3. Please come to party if it is convenient for you.

现在进行时注意点
(1) 表示______________________________ 即将发生的动作或最近按计划,安排的动作 的动作,用现在进行时表将来 1. ---I’m going to the States? --How long are you staying in the States? 2.. Because the shop is closing down, all the Tshirts are sold at half prices. always 等词连用时带有强烈 (2) 现在进行时与__________ 感情色彩. 1.He is always thinking of others. 2.He is complaining all the time。

1.--Did you tell Julia about the result? -- Oh, no, I forgot. I will call her now. 2. Look at the expression of the baby. He is going to cry. 3. She is going to buy some books tomorrow. 4. The party was about to begin, when the earthquake took place. 5. The meeting is to take place tomorrow. 6. Christmas Day is coming. 观察以上句子思考 Will+ do 表示 : 纯粹的将来和临时的决定
be going to 表示: 计划打算;有征兆、迹象显示的将来.
be about to do , be to do, 表示将来时的特殊句式:

一般将来时注意点

be doing (come ,go, leave等).

现在完成时注意点
have made (make) 1)This is the first time that I __________ such a mistake. had been 2)This was the first time that I __________(be) to the country. 总结: 现在完成时 时态). It / This +is+第几次+ that 从句用 ____________(
It / This +was+第几次+ that 从句用 过去完成时 __________(时态).

训练案

用括号中所给动词的适当时态补全句子
1.He often ______ does (do) his homework before supper.
2.If you ______ work (work) hard,you won't fail in the exam. will be 3.The play __________ produced (produce) next month.

is always thinking 4.He ______ ______ (think) of others.

are you ______ 5.What ______ doing (do) these days?

6.I ______________ haven’t seen (not see) my English teacher for three weeks. 7.George has ________ met (meet) that gentleman on several occasions. 8.Look at the dark clouds!There _________ is going to be (be) a storm. 9.Mr.Wang writes ______ (write) good English but ______________ doesn’t speak (not speak) well. 10.Professor James will give us a lecture on the Western culture,but when and where hasn’t been decided (not decide) yet. _____________________

1. This kind of cloth ____ very long.

A. lasts

B. can be lasted

C. could last D. will be lasted

2.Do you like the material? --- Yes, it ____ very soft.
A. is feeling B. felt C. feels D. is felt

3.-- So how long have you been here?
-- Just a couple of days actually. I’m on a big journey, you know. I _________ the places of interest here. A. am visiting B. visited C. have visited D. will have visited.

4.--Look at the dark louds. -- It ___ rain. A. be going to B. will C. has D. is going to 5. -Look! Somebody _____ the sofa. -Well, it wasn’t me. I didn’t do it. A. is cleaning B. was cleaning C. has cleaned D. had cleaned 6. He will have learned English for eight years by the time he ___ from the university next year. A. will graduate B. will have graduated C. graduates D. is to graduate

7. 1)Ladies and gentlemen, please fasten your B seat belts. The plane _____. 2) The plane to Beijing _____ A at 8:00 in the morning. A. takes off B. is taking off C. has taken off D. took off 8. The father as well as his three children ____ skating on the frozen river every Sunday afternoon in winter. (辽宁2006) A. is going B. go C. goes D. are going

9. Months ago we sailed ten thousand
miles across this open sea, which ____

the Pacific, and we met no storms. (辽
宁2005) A. was called B. is called C. had been called D. has been called

单句改错
1.If he doesn't go to play tennis this afternoon, I don't either.
won’t

2.The teacher told us that the moon moved moves round the earth.

3.She is working hard for long to realize her
has worked

dream and now she is popular.

4.You always change your mind.
are always changing

5.This is the first time that they visited the ∧ Great Wall in Beijing.
have

翻译练习
? 1、 我们见面时,我会和你谈论此事。

When we meet, I’ll discuss this matter with you.
? 2、 对不起,你不能使用这本字典,我正在使用。 Sorry, you can’t borrow this dictionary, because I’m using it. ? 3、 当我完成这本书的时候,我会给你写信。 When I have finished the book, I’ll write to you. ? 4、这个话题正在会议上讨论。 The topic is being discussed at the meeting.

What have you learnt today ?
1、复习了四种时态 2、复习了for和since的用法和区别 3、了解了because,since,as, now that 和for引导原因状语从句的用法

Homework
1.Review what we learned in this lesson. 2.完成聚焦课堂 Grammar部分的内容。 3.预习下一课时内容。


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