学习内容：定语从句的基本概念及高考常考考点 学习时间：2 个课时 学习目标：熟练掌握如何选用定语从句引导词 学习重难点：1.介词+关系词引导的定语从句 2.关系词 as 的用法 一．知识回顾 1. 在复合句中, 修饰某一_____ 或 ______的从句叫定语从句. 被定语从句所修饰的名词 或代词叫做 “________ ”. 引导定语从句的词叫“_
______ ” 如：I like the baby who/that is reading . 此定语从句中先行词是_________, 引导词为_______. 2. 定语从句的分类 定语从句分为限制性定语从句和____________ 定语从句两类。 限制性定语从句对先行词起限定作用 ,与先行词关系十分密切。不用逗号隔开 ,也不能省略, 否则句意就不完整。非限制定语从句只是对先行词做补充说明,与先行词的关系也比较松散。 常用________与主句隔开，如果省略,原句意义仍然完整。 如：The accident happened at the time when I left. 此句为__________ 定语从句。 His mother, whom he loved deeply, died ten years ago. 此句为__________ 定语从句。 3. 定语从句的引导词 指代人的有 who、_____、_____ 指代物的有 which、_______ 、_______ 表所属关系的是________ 指地点用_______ 指时间用_________ 指原因用_______ 二、定语从句考点精析： 考点一 关系代词 that 和 which 的区别 先行词有下列情况时,只用关系代词 that 引导： ① 先行词是__________, __________, _______, ________, ________,_______,_______等不 定代词，或由不定代词修饰时 ② 先行词被________或形容词_________修饰或先行词本身是__________、__________时 ③ 先行词被 the only, the very(正是,恰是),等修饰时 ④ 当主句中的主语是疑问代词______或_______时 ⑤ 当先行词既有______又有_______时 ⑥有两个定语从句时，其中一个关系代词已用 which,另外一个用_______ 【跟踪练习】1.This is all____ I know about the matter. A. that B. what C. who D. whether 2.Is there anything else_____ you require? A. which B. that C. who D. what 3.The last place _____we visited was the Great Wall. A. which B. that C. where D. It 4.This is one of the best books_______have ever been written. A. that B. Which C. what D. who 5. Do you know the persons and things _____they are talking about? A. which B. that C. who D. Whose 先行词有下列情况时,通常用关系代词 which 不用 that 1. 引导非限定性定语从句时 2.关系代词前有介词时 3.先行词本身是 that 或先行词后有插入语时。 【跟踪练习】1.My house,____ I bought last year, is very big. A. that B. what C. who D. which 2.The reason for _____he gave up his plan is not clear. A. which B. that C. who D. What
3. Here is the English grammar book_____, I think , will help you to improve your English. A. that B. what C. who D. which 考点二 介词 +关系代词引导的定语从句 要点 1. 紧跟介词的关系词，引导定语从句时, 指事物用 which, 指人用 whom。 【跟踪练习】用适当的关系词填空： This is the machine on _______ she spent 1000 dollars. Lily ,with _______ I went to the concert, enjoy it very much. Jack and John, both of _______ were killed in the air crash, once worked in the same company. 要点 2：介词﹢关系代词引导的定语从句中, 介词如何选择 1） 、与定语从句中的动词、形容词构成习惯搭配； --- The man _______ whom I spoke is from Canada. 跟我讲话的那位男士来自加拿大。 2） 、与定语从句的先行词构成习惯搭配； --- He built a telescope,_______ which he could study the skies. 他架起一架望远镜，通过它他可以研究天空。 3） 、可以通过句子的整体含义,结合生活实际来判断。 --- China has many rivers, ________ which the Yangtze River is the longest. 中国有很多的河流，其中扬子江是最长的。 【跟踪练习】 1. Jeanne was her old friend, ____ she borrowed a necklace. A. from who B. from whom C. to that D. to whom 2. His glasses, _____ he was like a blind man, fell to the ground and broke its leg. A. in which B. with which C. without which D. that 3. She is a teacher of much knowledge, _____we can learn a lot. A. where B. that C. from which D. from whom 考点三 关系词 as 的用法 关系代词 as 既可以引导限制性定语从句，也可以引导非限制性定语从句，常用于以下情况： 1.先行词有 so, such, the same 修饰时，后面的定语从句常用 as 引导，as 在从句中可充当主 语，宾语，表语。 There is no such place ____ you dream of in this world. 世界上绝没有像你梦想的那样的地方。 I have the same trouble ____ you have. 我和你有同样的麻烦。 2. 在非限制性定语从句中，as 常用于固定搭配。 As is known to all/ As we all know 意为：_______________ As has been said/mentioned before/above 意为： 正如前面所说的\提到的那样 As often happens/ As is often the case 意为：正如经常发生的那样 As sb. expected 意为：_______________ 【跟踪练习】1.______is known to us all, Einstein was one of the greatest scientists in the world. A. Which B. That C. This D. As 2.Such signs _____ we use in the experiment______Greek letters. A. as , are B. as, is C. that, are D. that, is 3. Li Hua , _____ you have expected, got the highest score and won the English competition. A. Which B.as C. what D. that
考点四：as 和 which 引导的非限制性定语从句的区别 as “正如? 正像?.” 句首，句中， 句末
若关系词指代 前面整句话，且 位于主句之后， 二者有时候可 以互换.
【跟踪练习】 1.It was raining, _____was a pity. A. what B. that C. the which D. which 2.______has been said above, grammar is not a set of dead rules. A. Which B. What C. That D. As 3.We do the same work _____ they do. A. which B. as C. than D. like 4.The earth is round, _____ is known to us all. A. that B. which C. who D. as 考点五：关系副词的用法 关系副词 when, where, why 引导定语从句时，when 在从句中充当时间状语, where 在从句中充当地点状语，why 在从句中充当原因状语。 要点一： when 定语从句缺少状语 Where 时,引导词用 先行词为时间、地点、原因的名 why 词时 定语从句缺少主语或 that / which 者宾语时,引导词用 【跟踪练习】用适当的引导词填空 This is the factory ____ my father works. This is the factory _________we visited last week. That is the reason _____you are always late. That is the reason _____________he explained for his carelessness in his work. Tips（小提示） ： 判断从句有无宾语的方法：把先行词代入从句中作宾语，句子成立证明从 句缺宾语；句子不成立证明从句不缺宾语。 We still remembered the days _____we travelled together. We still remembered the days _____we spent together. A. when B. which C. in that D. There 考点六：定语从句的几个难点 要点 1. whose 和 of whom, of which 引导的定语从句 whose 表所属关系，在定语从句中做定语，相当于 my, his, its, their 等， （即 whose+名词） 修饰人或物。whose 指人时=of whom,语序是：the+名词+of whom; 指物时=of which,语序是; the+名词+of which. 【跟踪练习】用适当的引导词填空 1. I bought a dress, _____ price was very reasonable. = I bought a dress,___ _____ ___ _____ was very reasonable.
2. This is the teacher _____ name is known all over the country. =This is the teacher___ _____ ___ _____ is known all over the country. 要点 2 . 抽象地点类先行词之后用 where 引导定语从句 某些抽象地点名词如：point, stage, situation, case, condition, occasion 等做先行词时，定语 从句常用 where 引导，表示抽象化的地点。 【跟踪练习】用适当的引导词填空 1. I’ve come to the point ______ I can’t stand him.我已经到了无法容忍他的地步了。 2. The country is in the situation ______a war will break out at any time. 国家正处在随时有可能爆发战争的局势中。 三、 【高考真题链接】 1. (2010 全国Ⅱ， 16） I refuse to accept the blame for something____ was someone else’ s fault. A. who B. that C. as D. What 2. (2011 全国Ⅱ，7）Ted came for the weekend wearing only some shorts and a T-shirt ,_____is a stupid thing to do in such weather. A. this B. that C. what D. which 3. (2009 全国 I，28）She brought with her three friends, none of ____ I had ever met before. A. them B. Who C. whom D. That 4. (2009 江苏， 28） _____is generally the case, those who care for the weakest members of society are respected. A. Which B. That C. What D. As 5.(2011 北京， 26） Mary was much kinder to Jack than she was to the others , ______, of course, made all the others upset. A. who B. which C. what D. hat 6. (2013 全国，24） When I arrived, Bryan took me to see the house____ I would be staying. A. what B. When C. where D. which 7.(2011 天津， 10） The days are gone _____ physical strength was all you needed to make a living. A. when B. that C. where D. which 8. (2011 山东，32）The old town has narrow streets and small houses_____ are built close to each other. A. they B. where C. what D. that 9. (2011 全国，31）The prize will go to the writer ______ story shows the most imagination. A．that B．Which C．whose D．what 10. (2009 浙江， 14） I have reached a point in my life _____I am supposed to make decisions of my own. A. which B.where C.how D. why 11 (2008 福建，27)____ is known to us all is that the 2008 Olympic Games will take place in Beijing. A. It B. What C. As D. Which 12.(2012 山东,23) Maria has written two novels, both of _____have been made into television series. A.them B.that C.which D.what 13.(2012 全国Ⅱ,8) That evening, _____I will tell you more about later,I ended up working very late A.that B.which C.what D.when
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