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高考考纲词汇整理(动词)


高考考纲词汇分类整理(动词)
accept 接受,承认,同意 (通常指主观上接受) 对比:receive 强调客观收到的动作,不一 定接受。 achieve 达到;取得 (指通过努力而获得成功或达到某种目的) (n .)achievement achieve one’s goal/aim act 行动,做,做事,扮演 act/work/serve as 作为,充当,扮演

(n .)actor& actress ; activity& action take action to do 采取行动 add 加,增加,接着说 add?to? add to? 增加 add up 加起来 add up to 总计 (n .)addition in addition 另外,此外 admire 钦佩,羡慕,赞美 (n .)admiration admit 承认,接收,让??进入 (admitted) admit doing sth. 承认做某事 be admitted into 被录取 advance 推进,促进 in advance 提前,事先 (adj.)advanced 高级的,高等的 advise 劝告,建议 advise doing /advise sb. to do /advise that (虚拟语气) 对比 :persuade 劝服 afford 负担得起,提供 agree 同意,赞成 agree to do sth. 同意去做 agree with sb. 同意某人的意见 agree to sth. 同意某种意见、建议 agree on sth. 与某人达成一致意见 (n .)agreement

allow 准许,允许 allow sb. to do sth. / allow doing announce 宣布,宣告,通知(强调郑重其事 预先通知) (n .) announcement apologise 道歉 apologise to sb. for doing sth. (n .)apology apologies(pl.) appear 出现,显得,好像 (反 disappear) (n .)appearance 外表 外貌 argue 争论,争辩 argue with sb. over/about sth. (n .)argument 论点,论据 ask ask for / ask sb. for sth. astonish 使?诧异 astonishment attack v./n. be under ~ 遭到攻击 an air ~ 空袭 attempt n./v.努力;尝试 ~ to do sth.= make an ~ to do sth. in an ~ to do sth.努力/尝试去做...... attend v.出席;照顾 attendant n.服务员 ~ to sb./ sth. 照料;从事;处理 attract vt .吸引 attractive adj.有吸引力的;迷人的 attraction n.吸引(人的人或物) be attractive to sb.吸引某人 be attracted to sth. 被......吸引 bake 烘烤 bargain v. 讨价还价 n. 讨价还价;便宜货 a real ~ 便宜货 base n. 基地;基础 vt.以......为基础 ~ A on B A 以 B 为基础/依据 be ~d on 以......为基础 be am/is/are/was/were/being/been

bear vt.忍受;承受(bore/born-borne) He can’t ~ being looked down upon. He was born in Shanghai. They have borne three children. beat(beat,beat) v.打;击败 become/became/become link.v.系动词 beg v.乞讨;哀求 begging begged beggar n.乞丐 ~ sb. for sth. go ~ging 去乞讨 begin/began/begun v. beginning beginner 初学者 Well begun, half done. 良好的开端是成功的一半。 to ~ with 首先=first of all in the beginning at the beginning of believe vt. belief n.信仰;信念 belong 属于 belong to 无被动无进行时态 bend/bent/bent v. 弄弯 ~ over sth. 伏在......上面 be bent over......一心想/做 bite/bit/bit:bitten v.咬 Never bite off more than you can chew. 要量力而行 blame vt.责备 be to ~ (for doing sth.)因......而应受责备 ~ sb. for doing sth. 因......而责备 Don’t ~ the child for the broken glass. It was my fault. I wonder who is to ~ for the broken glass.=I wonder who to ~ for the broken glass. blow/blew/blown v.吹~ up 爆炸 ~ sth. up 把......炸毁 ~ ...away 把吹走

boil v. boiling water 在沸腾的水 boiled water 沸水 boiling hot 超热 borrow 借出 break/broke/broken v. ~ down 出故障;破 除 ~ up 破坏;解散;开垦 ~ into sp.闯入;侵占 ~ the law/rule 违反 ~ one’ s promise 食言 ~ away (of) 脱离 ~ forth/out 爆发 ~ off 折断;突然中断 ~ open 撬开 ~ with 与......断交 c.n.休息 take/have a ~ bring/brought/brought vt. ~ sb. up 抚养 ~ sth. up 呕吐;提出 bring sth. forward 提出 broadcast/broadcast/broadcast vt.广播 ~ sth. live 现场直播 Cf. cast/cast/cast forecast/forecast/forecast build/built/built vt.建造;建设 building n. ~ ...up 建造 ~ A into B 把 A 建成 B burn/burnt/burnt v. ~ sth. up 烧光 ~ sth. to the ground=~ sth down 夷为平地 It’s ~ing hot. burst vt.爆发;爆炸 ~ sth. up =blow sth. up 炸掉 ~ into tears/laughter/cheers ~ out crying/laughing/cheering ~ into...闯入 ~ forth= ~ out= break forth= break out 爆发 bury vt.埋葬 burial n.葬礼 ~ sb. alive 活埋 buy/bought/bought vt. I won’t ~ your story.我才不信呢 call v./n. ~ for 请求;要求;需要;呼吁 ~ at sp.参观 ~ on sb.访问 ~...off 取消

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~ out 大声叫喊 ~ forth...唤起;鼓起 (勇气等) call (on) sb. to do sth.号召 camp v.宿营 n.帐篷 go camping 去宿营 can 能,能够 could care v. ~ for...喜爱;关心;照管 ~ about...关心;顾虑 care n. take ~ of...照料;照看 take ~当心;保重 under the ~ of 在...... with ~ =carefully 小心地;慎重地 careless 粗心的 carry vt. ~ sth. in one’s arms 抱着 ~ sth. on one’s back 背着 ~ sth. in one’s hands 捧着 ~ sth. in one’s hand 拿着 ~ sth. out 实施;执行 ~ ...away 带走;冲昏...的头脑 ~ sth. on 继续下去 ~ through 坚持到底 catch/caught/caught vt.抓住 ~ sb. = ~ up with sb.追上 catch sight of 突然看到 ~ hold of 突然抓住 ~ (a ) cold 得感冒 ~ sb.’s attention/ eye 吸引的注意力 ~ sb. doing sth. be caught in a rain 遭遇风雨等 be caught in/between the trees 卡在树中 celebrate v. 庆祝 celebration n. ~ one’s birthday/Christmas/Easter/New Year’s Day (=mark/observe/keep) change v./n.变化 ~/turn A into B 把 A 变成 B ~ trains/planes/clothes 换车、飞机、衣服

~ for the better/worse 边得更好/坏 ~ with...随着......而变化 ~ oneself=get ~d 换衣服 Great ~s have taken place in China since the reform and opening up in 1979. charge v.收费; 控告; 冲锋 ~ sm. sb. for sth. He ~d me $10 for the book. ~ sb. with (doing) sth. He was ~d of sealing books from the newsstand. n.主管;收费;控告;冲锋 in ~ of 主 管 in the ~ of 由......主管 free of ~免 费的 chat 闲谈 chatting clap v. n.拍(手) climb 爬,攀爬

close 1 a. 亲密的;近,靠近 ad. 近, 靠近 close 2 vt. 关,关闭 come (came, come) vi. 来,来到 compare vt. 比较,对照 complete v. 完成 connect vt. 连接,把……联系起来 consider vt. 考虑 contain v. 包含;包括;能容纳 continue vi. 继续 correct v. 改正;纠正 a. 正确的,对 的;恰当的 cost (cost, cost) v. 值(多少钱);花费 cure n. & vt. 治疗;医好 cure…of … could ?modal v.? (can的过去式)可以……; (表示许可或请求)可以……,行

count vt. 数,点数 cut (cut, cut) v. n. 切,剪,削,割 伤 口 damage n.& vt. 毁坏,损害 dare ?v.& aux.? (后接不带 to 的不 定式;主要用于疑问,否定或条件句) 敢,敢于 decide v. 决定;下决心 declare vt. 声明;断言 defeat vt. 击败;战胜 defend vt. 防守;保卫 delay v.& n. 拖延,延误,延迟,延期; 耽搁 destroy vt. 破坏,毁坏 determine vt. 决定;决心 develop v. (使)发展;(使)发达; (使)发育;开发 vt. 冲洗(照片) devote vt. 把……奉献; 把……专用 (于) deliver vt. 投递(信件,邮包等) demand vt. 要求 ? depend vi. 依靠,依赖,指望;取决于 describe vt. 描写,叙述
die vi. die of/from 死亡 ( died, died, dying ) dig vt.(dug dug digging ) 挖掘 disappoint vt. 使失望 disappointed/disappointing disappointment discover vt. 发现 discuss vt. 讨论 disturb vt. 打扰 dive vi. 潜水

divide vt. divide into 划分 do (did done doing ) draw ( drew drawn ) dream vt. ( dreamed/dreamt, dreamed/dreamt ) dream of drink vt. ( drank drunk ) drive vt. (drove driven ) drop vt. ( dropped dropped ) drown 溺水 earn vt. earn one’s living eat vt. ( ate eaten ) employ vt. 雇佣 hire/take on employer/employee employment op. fire/dismiss/lay off encourage vt. encourage sb to do 鼓励 n. encouragement enjoy vt. sth/doing sth escape vi. from 逃跑 enter vt. 进入 envy vt. 羡慕,嫉妒 examine vt. 检查 excuse vt. 原谅 n. 借口 exist vi. 存在 expect to do/expect sb to do 期望 explain vt. sth to sb/to sb sth 解释 exploit vt. 开发 express vt. 表达 fail vi. 失败 fall ( fell fallen ) fasten vt. 拴,系 feed vt.( fed fed ) feel ( felt felt ) feel like doing fetch vt. 取回 fight vi. ( fought fought )

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fill ~ in 填写 find ( found found ) finish vi. sth/doing sth fly ( flew flown ) float vi. 漂浮 fix vt. fix one’s attention on flow vi. 流动 fold vt. 折叠 follow vt. 跟随 as follows forbid vt. ( forbade forbidden ) forbid doing/sb to do 禁止 force vt. force sb to do 强迫 forget ( forgot forgotten ) to do/doing forgive ( forgave forgiven ) forgive sb for sth 原谅,宽恕 found vt. 建立 founded/founded freeze ( froze frozen ) 凝固,结冰 freezing cold 冰冷 frighten vt. 吓唬 adj. frightened/frightening fry vt. 煎 gain vt. 获得 gather vt. 聚集 gathering 集会 get vt. (got got ) give----gave-----given go----went-----went grow----grew----grown hang----hung----hung 悬挂 -----hanged-----hanged 吊死,绞死 have----had-----had hear----heard-----heard hide----hid----hidden/hid hit----hit----hit hold----held----held hurt---hurt----hurt

keep---kept----kept know---knew---known lie---lay---lain (vi)平躺,位于 lie----lied----lied (vi)撒谎 lay----laid----laid (vt)放置,产卵 lead---led---led learn---learnt/learned---learnt/learned 注意 a learned person leave---left---left lend---lent---lent let----let----let light---lit/lighted---lit/lighted 注意 a lighted cigarette lose---lost---lost make---made---made mean---meant---meant meet---met---met mistake----mistook---mistaken by mistake make a mistake mix mix A with B mixture(n) 混合物 miss miss the early bus miss the target merry merry Christmas 圣诞快乐 mention Don't mention it.不用谢,别 客气 not to mention = let alone = still/much/even less 更不用说 may------(过去式)might marry----married----married marry sb = get married to sb(不可以和 时间段连用)

be married to sb(可以和时间段连用,表 示状态 ) (n) marriage 婚姻 manage manage to do sth = succeed in doing sth 设法做到某事 try to do sth = attempt to do sth 设法做某事(未必成功) I can manage it. 我能行; 我能对付 manager (n) 经理,管理者 Management (n) 经营,管理 laugh burst into laughter 突然笑起来 burst out laughing 突然笑起来 laugh at 嘲笑 kill kill time 消磨时间 join join the army join the Party join in the game invite invitation (n) 邀请 invent invention (n) 发明 inventor (n) 发明者 introduce 介绍 ,引进 introduce sb/oneself to sb introduce sth into some place An introduction to English Grammar 英语语法入门 interrupt 与 disturb interrupt 打断 disturb 打扰 insist insist on (one`s) doing 坚持要求做某事 He insisted that he didn't break the law and insisted that he should be set free.

他坚持说他没有违法并坚持要求被释放 include 与 contain include 包括,强调范围 contain 包含,强调内容或成分 The basket contains many apples , including some green ones / some green ones included. increase increase to 增长到。 。 。 increase by 增长了。 。 。 improve (vi /vt) 使改善/提高, 改善/提高 He has improved his health. His health has been improving. imagine imagine sb /sb's doing sth imagine sb to be...... beyond imagination 超出想像 hire 近义词 employ/ take on/engage 雇佣 反义词 fire/dismiss/lay off 解雇 hate hate to do sth / doing stb I hate it when people are talking with their mouths full. happen happen to sb 某事发生在某人身上 It happens that ......碰巧。 。 。 Sb happens to do sth 某人碰巧做。 。 。 guess I guess so/ not. You guessed it. greet greet sb with a smile greeting(n) 问候,问候语(pl) ( v/n ) Glance 一瞥,瞥见 (v) glance at (n) take a glance at at first glance

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graduate (v) graduate from 毕业于。 。 。 (n) high school graduates 高中毕业生 guard 警卫,哨兵;保卫,守卫 guide (v) 引导,指导 guide ~sb around some place (n) 向导,领路人;指南,入门 ; a guide to grammar hand (v) hand in hand out (n)give/lend sb a hand =do sb a favor 帮某人一个忙 head (v) head for 朝。 。 。 。行进 (n) hit sb on the head heat (v) He will heat some milk. 加热 (n) The sun gives us heat and light. 热,热量 ( adj ) heated 激烈的 heated discussion help (v) help sb with sth / ~in doing sth / to do sth can't help doing sth 禁不住 做某事 can't help to do sth 不能帮忙 做某事 can't help but do sth 不得不 做某事 help oneself to sth 随便吃。 。 。 (n) be of great help / very helpful to sb with sb's help = with the help of sb honour (v) feel honoured to do sth 因做某事而感到荣幸 (n) It is an honour to

do sth 做某事是荣幸的一件事 In honour of 为了 向。 。 。 。表达敬意,为了纪念。 。 。 hurry (v) Hurry up, or we'll be late. (n) He left here in a hurry. interest (v) This book interests me. I am interested in this book. This book is interesting. (n) I show an interest in this book.. The guide showed us around many places of interest. judge (v) Judging from his cloths, he must be very rich. 判断 (n) He is a fair judge. 法官,裁判 knock 敲门,敲门声 (v) Someone is knocking at the door. (n) There is a knock at the door. lack 缺乏,缺少,短缺 (v) lack sth be lacking in sth (n) (a) lack of land (n) 陆地, (v) 着陆 lift (v) I can not lift the heavy box. 举起,抬起 (n) Take the lift to the 50th floor. 乘电梯 give sb a lift / ride 让 某人搭车 limit (n) 极限,界限,限度 There is a limit to my patience.

(v) 限制,限定 You should limit spending. We should make full use of the limited time.有限的时间 list 清单;列举 He made a list on which he listed all the things he wanted to buy. load (n) 担子,负载 He bore a heavy load on his shoulders. (v) 装,装载 They are loading a car with luggage. lock The door won't lock, so he put a new lock on the door. look Please take a look at what he is looking at now. love fall / be in love with sb mail mail a letter /send a letter by mail march Time marches on. Our preparations for the college entrance examination are on the march. 在进行中 mark The teacher was marking examination papers. LiLei got full marks. matter (n) what's the matter with you ? (v) It does't matter. mind (v) Never mind.不要紧,没 关系

(n) 变想法

change one's

mind 改

make up one's mind to do sth 下决心做某事 keep / bear sth in mind 牢记。 。 。 。 master (n) 主人;能手 (v) 掌握; 精通 match (n) 火柴; 比赛 (pl) matches (v) 比得上,与....相匹敌; compare with 与....相匹配;go with measure (n) 量度,测量; make.....to one's measure 量体裁衣 措施(pl) take measures/action/steps to do sth 采取措施 做。 。 。 (v) 量, 测量; 有.....长(宽 , 高 等) This room measures 10 meters across. like (v) 喜欢 like to do sth / doing sth (prep) 像?..一样 look like owe 欠, 归于 vt.—owe sth to sb 把?归功于 某人/欠某人某物—own 拥有—owing to 由于 pack 打包,装入 vt.---pack sth into sth--- n.= package =packet 包裹 paint 漆,涂 vt.—paint sth green-- 油画 painting pardon vt.—pardon sb for sth—pardon me---I beg your pardon.

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pass vi./vt (A:passed—passed)/(B:past—past) n.—护照 passport ---过路人 passer(s)-by ---pass my house—pass the examination—pass the holiday—pass me the newspaper(pass the newspaper to me)—pass a law--pass by —pass on—pass down pause 暂停 vi./n.(C)—without a pause pay vi./vt.(paid—paid) ---sb pay sb sm for sth—pay a visit to sp—pay attention to – pay back—pay off perform 表演,进行 vi./vt.—n. performance--performer =carry out—perform one’s duty/ a task =play—perform a part in ----perform well permit vt./vi. 允许 (permitted—permitted— permitting) n. permission (ask for sb’s permission) permit 许可证 ( a permit to hunt) not permit the waste of a single drop of water—permit sb to do sth—permit doing sth If time permits=Time permitting persuade 说服 vt. persuade sb to do sth— persuade sb into/out of doing sth—persuade sb of sth plan vt. (planned—planned-planning) plan sth--plan to do sth—plan a visit to sp=plan to visit sp n.plan-- make /work out /carry out a plan play vi./vt. play football—play the piano—play cards—play an important part in—play a joke on n. player 运动员 please vt. please sb—if you please( =if you

like/=竟然) adj. pleased—pleasing n. pleasure—It is a pleasure to do sth plough 犁 vi./vt. n. plough 犁 point vi./vt. point to –point at—point out n. (keep/come/get) to the point—beside the point—at this point 此刻 —in this point –be on the point of doing sth There is no point in doing sth. post vt. post sb sth=post sth to sb n. post ---by post – postcard 卡片—postbox 邮箱 —postcode 邮编 pour vi./vt 倾泻,流 pour (sth) into practise vi./vt. practise doing sth n. practice --in practice 熟练/实际上—out of practice 生疏--put sth into practice --a regular pratice 常规做法 praise vi./vt. 表扬 praise sb. for sth. n. in praise of --sing high praise for-prefer vt.( preferred—preferred—preferring) n. preference have a preference for prefer sth—prefer (doing)sth to (doing)sth –prefer to do sth rather than do sth—prefer sb to do sth ---prefer that s. (should)do sth prepare vi./vt. prepare sth –prepare for sth--prepare sth for sth –prepare sb for sth --be well prepared for n. preparation press vi./vt. n. pressure 压力 pretend vi./vt 假装 pretend sth—pretend to be ---pretend that prevent vi./vt prevent sth (disease /an accident) prevent sb/sth (from) doing sth=keep sb/sth

from doing sth=stop sb/sth (from) doing sth 被动结构中 from 都不省略 print v./n printing 印刷 produce v./n.生产 produce--product--production promise v./n. promise to do sth—promise that—promise sb sth ---promise sth( A heavy snow promises a good harvest) make/keep/break a promise (of sth) pronounce v. n. pronunciation protect v. n. protection protect sth/sb from/against prove v. 证明 n proof(s) prove that ---prove (to be) sth/adj. = turn out (to be) sth/adj. (It proved a good idea./ It proved good) provide v. n. provision provide sb for sth =provide sb with sth = offer sb sth = offer sth to sb = supply sth to/for sb =supply sb with sth pull v./n 拉,拽 punish v.惩罚 n. punishment punish sb for sth push v./n 推 put v.( put-put –putting ) put up/down/away/aside/back/on/forward/off/out/t hrough/together/up with quarrel v. 争吵(quarrel(l)ed -- quarrel(l)ed – quarrel(l)ing ) quarrel with ab about/over sth raise vt. raise one’s voice reach vt./n. reach =arrive in/at=get to reach an agreement

out of /beyond one’s reach read v . read-read Read aloud. It reads/says 上面写着“No parking is allowed.” realize/realize 实现,意识到 vt. n. reality realize one’s dream –realize one’s mistake receive vt. receive a letter=hear from sb receive an invitation --- accept an invitation recognize/ze 认出 vt. recognize sb /sb’s voice recover v. 恢复 n.—recovery recover from ---suffer from reduce v. reduce to /by increase to/by refer v. referred—referred—referring n. reference 参考 refer to a dictionary---提到 refer to a person---涉及 refer to personal life refuse v. refuse sth/sb (反 accept)---refuse to do sth (反 agree) regard v. regard as = look on as = treat as = consider as =have as= think of as regret v./n 后悔( regretted—regretted— regretting) regret sth--- regret doing sth 后悔---regret to do sth (to say--)抱歉,遗憾 remain v. remain poor/silent/standing/unfinished remain to do ( to be seen) n. remains 剩下的东西 adj. the remaining money --- the money left remember v. remember to do sth –remember doing sth ---remember sb to sb remind v. remind sb---remind sb of sth –remind sb to do sth---remind sb that

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remove 搬走 v. remove from repair v. /n. repair sth under repair repeat v. 重复 reply v/n. reply to in reply to make no reply request v/n request sth from / of sb---request sb to do sth ---request that s. (should) do n.-- request for require v. n.—requirement require sth ---require sth of sb---require sb to do sth—require that s. (should) do—sth requires doing = want=need research v./n. research on/ into respect 尊敬 v./n. respect sb for sth --- have / show respect for ---in respect of –with respect to adj. respectful 表示尊敬的 ---respectable 值得尊敬的 review v. 复习 n.---revision ride (rode, ridden) v. /n. go for a ride –give sb a ride n.—rider ring (rang ,rung) vi. rise (rose, risen) vi. roll v. roll in 涌来 ---roll over 翻身 —roll up 卷起 ruin v./n in ruins 成为废墟 rule v./n. n.—ruler ran (ran, run) rush v./n. rush hour 交通高峰期 sail v. sail for sp --- go sailing n. sailor satisfy vt.使满意 satisfy sb with sth --satisfy sb’s need –be satisfied with adj. satisfied—satisfying n. satisfaction

save v. save sb’ slife --- save water—save sb. sm.—save face save up 积蓄 say v. (said, said) say sth—say sth. to sb—say to oneself—say hello/sorry to sb It is/was said that= be said to do – that is to say -- you said it 你说对了–having said that 虽然说过 There goes a saying,/ As a saying goes, scold v. scold sb for sth scream v./n. search v./n. search sp/sb for sth –search for sth in search of seat vt. 使坐 seat oneself be seated see v. (saw , seen) see sb do/doing sth --see a movie/play/film— see( to it )that 确保/负责 –see sb off—see through 看穿–see sb/sth through 帮某人度过 难关--I see. /You see,你知道--See you later( tomorrow). seek v. 寻求(sought,sought) seek (for ) sth. --seek to do sth seek one’s fortune seem v. seem adj./ n.(The idea seems good.=It seems a good idea.)—seem like(It seems a good idea.) – It seems that --- It seems as if --seize v. 抓住 seize sb’s hand=seize sb by the hand --- seize a chance/ opportunity sell v.(sold,--) sell sth – sell sth to sb=sell sb sth—sell well/ badly sell off—sell out send v.(sent, sent) send a letter –send sb to sp—send sb to do sth -send one’s love/regards/wishes to sb

send up—send for sb sentence v/n. sentence sb to death/ three years –make sentences separate v. /adj. separate from / a separate room serve v. 服务 serve sb with sth--- serve as n. –service set v.(set,set, setting) set fire to sth=set sth on fire—set the table—set one’s mind /heart/ on sth—set an example to sb –set sb free-----set about doing sth=set out to do sth---set aside---set off---set up---set down settle v. settle sth—settle down –settle down to sth 开始认真做某事 n. settlement sew v. (sewed,sewed/sewn) 缝 shake v.(shook,shaken) share v. /n. share sth with sb shave v.(shaved,shaved/shaven) n. shaver 剃 须刀 shine v. (shone, shone) 发光 shock v. shocking, shocked –be shocked to see/hear/learn come as a shock shoot v.(shot, shot) shoot at n.芽 shout v. shout at –shout to show v.(showed, shown /showed) show sb sth=show sth to sb—show sb around sp—show off—show up=turn up n. be on show shut v.(shut, shut, shutting) shut up =shut your mouth=shut it 闭嘴 sigh v./n. 叹息 sing v.(sang,sung)

sink v.(sank,sunk) sit v.(sat,sat) sit up =stay up 熬夜 skate v. go skating sleep v. (slept,-) sleep well/ soundly—sleep late –sleep like a log/top 睡的熟 n. go/get to sleep--- a sound sleep adj. sleepy 困的 asleep 睡着的---fall asleep ---be sound asleep 熟睡 smell v.(smelt, smelt / smelled, smelled) smell nice---smell like— smell vi.发出臭味的 His breath smells. 他有 口臭。smelly adj. 臭的 smile v./n. smile at sb with a smile smoke v./n. snow v./n adj. snowy sun—sunny fog—foggy wind—windy cloud –cloudy storm—stormy rain—rainy sound v. sound like---sound good---sound as if safe and sound be sound as a bell 十分健康 It sounds a good idea. n. 声音 sow 播种—sowed,sowed/sown spare v. 节约,省出 spare sb sth---spare sb trouble 使某人免受麻烦---spare no efforts to do sth— a spare pen---in one’s spare/free time scold vt. 责骂 score v. 得分,分数 search v. 搜寻,搜查 see (saw, seen) vt. 看见,看到;领会;拜会 seek vt. 试图; 探寻

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seem v. 似乎,好像 seize vt. 抓住(时机等) select vt. 选择,挑选,选拔 sell (sold, sold) v. 卖,售 send (sent, sent) v. 打发,派遣;送,邮寄 sense n. 感觉,意识 separate v. 使分开,使分离 a. 单独的,分开 的 serve vt. 招待(顾客等) ,服务 set (set, set) vt. 释放,安置 settle vi. 安家,定居 shake (shook, shak ? en) v. (使)动摇,震 动 shall (should) v. aux. (表示将来)将要, 会;??好吗 share vt. 分享,共同使用 sharpen v. (使)变锐利,削尖 shave (shaved, shaved 或 shaven) v. 刮(脸, 胡子) shine (shone, shone 或 ? d, ? d) v. 发光; 照耀;杰出;擦亮 shock vt. 使震惊 shoot1 (shot, shot) vt. 射击,射中,发射 shop vi. 买东西 n. 商店,车间 should v. mod. 应当,应该,会 v. aux. 会, 应该(shall 的过去时态) show (showed, shown 或 showed) v. 给?? 看,出示,显示 shut (shut, shut) v. n. 关上,封闭;禁闭; sigh vi. 叹息; 叹气 sing (sang, sung) v. 唱,唱歌 sink (sank, sunk) vi. 下沉; 消沉 skate vi. 溜冰,滑冰

ski vi. 滑雪板;滑雪 skip v. 蹦蹦跳跳;跳绳 sleep (slept, slept) vi. 睡觉 smell (smelt, smelt 或 ? ed,? ed) v. 嗅,闻 到;发气味 snatch v. 夺,夺得,夺走 sneeze v. 打喷嚏 sort vt. 把??分类,拣选 n. 种类,类别 sound vi. 听起来;发出声音 n. 声音 spell vt. 拼写 spend (spent, spent) v. 度过;花费(钱、时间 等) spit v. 吐唾沫;吐痰 split v. 撕开; 切开 spread v. 延伸; 展开 stand (stood, stood) v. 站;立;起立;坐落; 经受;持久 stare vi. 盯,凝视 start v. 开始,着手;出发 starve v. 饿死 steal (stole, stolen) vt. 偷, 窃取 stop v. 停,停止,阻止 strengthen vt. 加强,增强 strike v. (钟)鸣;敲(响) ;罢工 strike (struck, ? struck 或 stricken)? vt. 擦(打)火, 侵袭 struggle vi. 斗争 study v. 学习;研究 n. 书房 succeed vi. 成功 suck vt. 吸吮 suffer vi. 受苦,遭受 suggest vt. 建议,提议 suit vt. 适合 n. 一套(衣服)

supply vt.& n. 供给,供应 support vt.& n. 支持,赞助 suppose vt. 猜想,假定,料想 surprise vt. 使惊奇,使诧异 n. 惊奇,诧异 surround vt. 围绕; 包围 swallow vt. 吞下; 咽下 ? sweep(swept,swept)? v. 扫除,扫 swim (swam, swum) vi. 游泳,游 swing vt. 挥舞,摆动 n. 秋千 take (took, taken) vt. 拿;拿走;做;服用; 乘坐;花费 teach(taught,taught)? v. 教书,教 telegraph v. (拍) 电报 telephone v. 打电话 n. 电话 tell (told, told) vt. 告诉;讲述;吩咐 terrify vt. 使人感到恐怖 test vt.& n. 测试, 考查,试验 thank vt. 感谢,致谢,道谢 n. (复)感谢, 谢意 think(thought, thought) v. 想;认为;考虑 ? throw(threw,thrown)? v. 投,掷,扔 tick vt. 作记号 tie vt. (用绳,线)系,拴,扎 n. 领带, 绳子,结;关系 tire vi. 使疲劳 touch vt. 触摸,接触 trade vt. 用??进行交换 translate vt. 翻译 transport ? vt.?运输 trap vt. 使陷入困境 treat vt. 对待,看待 tremble v. 颤抖 trouble vt. 使苦恼, 使忧虑, 使麻烦 n. 问题,

疾病,烦恼,麻烦 trust vt. 相信,信任,信赖 try v. 试,试图,努力 turn v. 旋转,翻转,转变,转弯 n. 轮流, (轮流的)顺序 type vt. 打字 understand (understood, understood) v. 懂得; 明白;理解 undo v. 解开,松开 unfold vt. 展开,打开 unite v. 联合,团结 visit vt. 参观,访问,拜访 vote vi. 选举,投票

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