短文改错以考查考生综合运用英语的准确性为总目标， 在长度为 100 个单词左右的短 文中考查考生的阅读能力、 运用所学语言只是发现、 判断、 改正错误的能力以及考生在词法、 句法、惯用法和行文逻辑等方面的能力。常见错误如下： 1. You can find all kinds of information in just a few minut
e on the Internet. 2. As we all left home at early age, we met lots of problems in our daily life. 3. Ten minutes later, the firemen came and put out fire. 4. My grandma was the best cook in the world but could make the most delicious dishes. 5. I am thinking of making a trip to London, and visit the British Museum and some parks. 6. She called 119 immediate. 7.The tomatoes I picked are much more redder than yours . 8. I wrote down new words and added it to my collection. 9. And every year more and more people start a stamp collection of your own and discover an interest which can even last a lifetime. 10. It is a pleasure for me to write this letter to tell how much I enjoyed my stay with your whole family last week. 11. We had to do the washing, cleaning and shopping by us. 12. A president of a developing country once said: “It is us who are to blame for the poverty because we used to ?produce? children without limit.” 13. We were living in a big family. We treat each other as brothers and sisters. 14.By the end of last year, my collection has grown to 3,000 words. 15. At once I apologize and controlled myself at my best till the dinner started. 16. As we were all left home at an early age, w met lots of problems in our daily life. 17. But not all information are good to society. 18. I often dream of a teacher. 19. Maybe you could come during the winter holidays. Uncle Ben will also go back for Christmas. 20. Shake her head, she said, “It isn?t a good time to do that, dear.” 21. She stopped look out of the window and found a cloud of smoke coming out of her neighbor?s house. 22.The students entered into the classroom one by one . 23．Though children are young , they should be listened carefully 24. I?m sure they will laugh to me and see me as a fool. 25. And I can?t forget the food you cooked for I. 26. It?s like going to a huge library without have to walk abroad to find your books. 一、名词的错误规律和改正方法： 二、冠词的错误规律和改正方法： 三、连词的错误规律和改正方法： 四、形容词、副词的错误规律和改正方法： 五、代词的错误规律和改正方法： 六、动词时态的错误规律和改正方法： 七、语态的错误规律和改正方法： 八、主谓一致错误规律和改正方法： 九、动词错误规律和改正方法：
十、非谓语动词错误： 十一、介词错误规律和改正方法： 【经典试题选编】 假定英语课上老师要求同桌之间交换修改作文， 请你修改你同桌写的以下作文。 文中共 有 10 处语言错误，每句中最多有两处。错误涉及一个单词的增加、删除或修改。 增加：在缺词处加一个漏词符号（A )，并在其下面写出该加的词。 删除：把多余的词用斜线（\ )划掉。 修改：在错的词下划一横线（一） ，并在该词下面写出修改后的词。 注意：1.每处错误及修改均仅限一词； 2.只允许修改 10 处，多者(从第 11 处起)不计分 （一） I learned early in life that I had to be more patient and little aggressive. From the time I was about four until I was about six, I destroyed each of my toy. I was happy when the toys worked, but when things did wrong, I got angry and broke it. For a while parents bought me new toys. But before long they began to see which was happening. When I tear apart my fifth birthday toy train, my father said, "That's it. No more toys to you." My punishment lasted a year. Meanwhile, I found out that with more patience I must make my toys to last. My attitude changed from then on. （二） My father and I stayed at the South Lake Hotel for a week when we visit Beijing last month. It is in the downtown area, but it is easy to go to anywhere from the hotel by public transport. We lived in a comfortably double-room with a big bath. What I liked best were the free high-speed Internet connection in the room. I checked my email messages every day. I also shared for my friends many photos taking in Beijing. The food was wonderful with reasonable prices, and we enjoyed several local dish. It is such great hotel that I would recommend it to any friend of me who is going to Beijing。 （三） Dear Diana, Thank you for the lovely day we have with you. It was so kind tor you to let us bring Anne's friend. Gina. Unfortunate, the only problem was the journey home. There had been a terrible accident on the highway and, for a result, there was a long line of traffic for at least six mile. In the end, we drove to a service station and waited here unless the road was clear. In the car park Gina nearly got knocked over as car drove out far too quickly from behind a lorry. They finally dropped Gina off at her parents' and made our own way to home.
（四） Two years before, I traveled to Brazil and I rented for a car. Unfortunate, I had an accident and hit another car, and I needed to stay in a hospital for at least two week. 1 called my parents, so I did not tell them what had happened. I knew that they will be worried about myself because I was so farther away, and that my mother would not sleep if she knew. Therefore, I told them interested stories and how I was enjoying Brazil As a result, nobody knew truth. I still think that it was the right thing to do. ﹙五﹚ Today I visited the Smiths—my first time visit to a American family. They live in a small town. It was very kind for them to meet me at the railway station and drove me their home . The Smiths did his best to make me feel at home. They offered me coffee and other drinks. We have a good time talking and laughing together. They eager to know everything about China and asked me lots of question. In fact, they are planning to visit China in next year. ﹙六﹚ Bill worked in big office,and he usually went to the barber?s during working hours to have his hair cut. This against the rules: office workers had to have his hair cut in their own time. While Bill was at the barber?s on one day, the manager of the office entered in to have his own hair cut. Bill saw him and managed to hide his face. But the manager sat besides him, and soon recognized him.“Hello, Bill,” said the manager,“I know you are having your haircut.”“Yes, sir, I do,” said Bill.“You see, sir, it grows in office time.“Not all of it,”said the manager at once.“Some grows in your own time.”“Yes, sir, that?s quite true,” answered Bill polite,“but I?m not having it all cut off.”
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