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高三第一轮复习教案


Part1 重点词汇
一) 先看下面一道高考题:

Would you slow down a bit, please? I can’t

you.

A. keep up with(赶上;跟上) B. put up with (忍受)C. make up to(接近,巴结) D. hold on to (坚持

,抓住不放)

keep 是一个比较活用的动词,应从下述几点掌握其主要用法。

(一)keep 意为“保持;保留;保管”

※(二)keep 意为“履行(诺言等);遵守(惯例等)”(keep one’s word/promise 遵守诺言)

As anyone knows, the Chinese people always.

(说话算话)

※(三)keep 意为“赡养;饲养”

It is really difficult for her to

(饲养)so many pigs alone.

※(四)keep 用作及物动词,表示“使??继续处于某种状态” ,其后的宾补可以是: ※※①现在分词 如:Don’t keep your mother waiting。 ②过去分词 如:His clothes seemed to be just pulled on to keep him covered.他的衣服像 是刚刚拖起来披盖在自己身上的。 ③副词 如:This helps to keep the cold out.这有助于御寒。 ④介词短语 如:He kept them in the classroom after school.放学后,他让他们呆在教室 里。 ⑤形容词 如:The nurses keep her very clean.护士们将她整理得非常整法。
(五)keep 作连系动词,意为“保持某一状态”

Keep fit 保持健康;Keep silent 保持安静

※(六)keep 短语

1. keep up 与 keep up with

keep up 意为“维持、继续”; keep up with 意为“跟上”。 If the weather will only , I’ll go camping. your classmates. 你要努力学习,要不然就

You must work hard, or you won’t 跟不上你的同学了。

2. keep on doing sth.; keep sb. doing sth.与 keep sb. from doing sth. keep on doing sth.意为“继续做某事”; keep sb. doing sth. 意为“让某人一直做某事”; keep sb. from doing sth. 意为“阻止某人做某事”。 keep on doing sth We We must keep sb. doing sth keep sb. from doing sth.

working in the fields in spite of the rain. them getting to know our plans.

(七) 常与 keep 搭配的名词 keep one’s balance 保持平衡; keep sth. in mind 记住某事; keep hold of 握住 keep away 不接近,避开 keep house 料理家务 keep one’s mind on sth.专心于某事 keep back 阻止,落在后面 keep off 让开,不接近

keep in touch with 与??保持联络 2.关于 go 1) —Didn’t you have a good time at the party? —Of course I did. As a matter of fact, I had such fun that time seemed to_________so quickly. (2007 安徽) A. go by B. go away C. go out D. go over 2) —Could I use your computer for a few moments, please? —_________. I’m not using it myself.(2007 陕西) A. Come on B. It depends

C. Go ahead D. That’s great 3) Would you please____this form for me to see if I’ve filled it in right? (2007 浙江) A. take off B. look after C. give up D. go over 1)go 有“??说的”之意。常用于“the story goes?据说;as the saying goes 正如格 言所说” 。 [典例 8]As a Chinese old saying______, “Good fortune lies within bad, bad fortune lies within good.” A. goes B. say C. is said D. is written

2)go 的热点短语的用法,下面对其作一简要归纳 (1) go on 发生;持续,(鞋、衣服等)穿得上(2) go out 出去,熄灭 (3) go by 从旁边经过,时间推移 (5) go off 爆炸,发射,打出 复习 (7) go bad (食物)变质,腐烂 (9) go blind (眼睛)变瞎 (11) go up 上升,上涨 (12) go on doing sth.继续做同样的事 go on to do sth. 继续做另一件事 go on with sth. 间断后继续做同样的事(13) go through 穿过,经历 (14)go too far 过分(15) go without 在没有??的情况下勉强凑合;没有??也 行 (16) go in for 从事,爱好 (18) go all out 竭尽全力,鼓足干劲 (20) go ahead 请便 (17) go down 下降,下沉 (19) go about 到处走动,开始干 (21) go away 走开 (4) go in 进去 (6) go over 仔细看或检查,温习,

(8)go mad 发疯,发狂 (10) go red 脸色变红

(22) go back 回去,回顾 【巩固性练习】 根据中文提示完成下列各句 1. Can you tell me what is_________ _________ (发生) outside? 2. Suddenly, all the lights_________ _________ (熄灭) and the room became very dark. 3. Fifteen years had_________ _________ (过去)before he knew it. 4. The bomb might_________ _________ (爆炸), so keep away from it. 5. These lessons are very important, so you should_________ _________ (复习) them in time. 6. The food has_________ (变质) and smells terrible. 7. It is reported that the number of smokers has greatly_________ _________ (上 升). 8. Tom, would you like to__________________(继续说下去)? 9. I have heard that he once_________ _________(经历) a very difficult time. 10. You are always speaking in class. Don’t you think you have_________ _________ _________(过分)? 11. Don’t worry about me. I can_________ _________(没有??也行) their help. 12. When did you begin to_________ _________ _________(从事) the difficult but important work? 13. As we all know, the population of their country is_________ _________ (下 降). 14. I’m sure all the members of our team will_________ _________ _________(全 力以赴) to win the game. 15. There is not much time left. When will you_________ _________ (开始) your work?

16. —Mary, I would like to use your telephone. —_________ _________ (请便) part2 选择完形阅读答案短语

a variety of… 多种多样的 an average of …平均 a distance of 距离 a lack of 缺乏 in the absence of 缺少 a waste of 浪费 a wide range of 各种各样的= a variety of = different =various a gang of 一伙 a matter of ….的问题
affair 意为“事情、事件”, 含义较广,泛指已做或待做的事;复数 affairs 一般指商业事务 及政府的日常事务,如财政管理、外交事务等。 business 作“事务、事情”解时,一般不能用复数,常常指所指派的任务、责任;有时说的 是指派的工作或商业上的买卖活动。It’s none of your business.与你无关! 强化练习 〖2010 湖北〗This restaurant has become popular for its wide tastes and pockets. A. division B. area C. range D. circle 〖2010 江西〗Last year the number of students who graduated with a driving license reached 200,000, a (n) ______ of 40,000 per year. A average B number C amount (an amount of 一般加不可数名词) D quantity(a quantity of 既可以加可数也可以加不可数) 〖2003 上海春〗More and more people choose to shop in a supermarket as it offers a great of goods. B.mixture C.extension D.combination of foods that suit all

A.variety

〖2007 辽宁〗Health problems are closely connected with bad eating habits and a____of exercise. A. limit B. lack C. need D. demand 〖2012 高考押题〗In the A.lack

of proof , the police could not take action against the man . C.absence D.failure

B.shortage

〖2009 山东〗-------He says that my new car is a ______ of money. -------Don’t you think those words are just sour grapes?

A. lack

B. load

C. question

D. waste

〖2012 高考押题〗My knowledge of Hong Kong came only from some movies: a______ of criminals are pursued by the police in the narrow streets and then they have a fight. A. group (伙) 〖2007 山东〗I can’t say which wine is best – it’s a(n) _____ of personal taste. A. affair B. event C. matter D. variety Part3 重点语法 1.【2012 重庆】 Evidence has been found through years of study______ children’s early sleeping problems are likely to continue when they grow up. A. why B. how C. whether D. that 2. 【2012 浙江】I made a promise to myself this year, ____my first year in high school, would be different. A. whether B. what C. that D. how 3.【2012 江苏】The notice came in the afternoon _____ the meeting would be postponed. A. when B. that C. whether D. how 4. We should consider the students’ request ___ the school library provide more books on popular science. A. that B. when C. which D. where (08 陕西 8) 5. Tomorrow is Tom’s birthday. Have you got any idea the party is to be held? A. what B. which C. that D. where 6.〖05 辽宁〗Do you have any idea ______ is actually going on in the classroom? A. that B. what C. as D. which 从以上题总结同位语从句注意事项 1.同位语从句:用以说明该名词表示的具体内容的句子。 ※2.常见的可以跟同位语从句的词(抽象名词) news,idea,fact,promise,question,doubt,thought,hope,message,suggestion,word (消息) ,possibility 等。 e.g I’ve come from Mr wang with a message that he won’t be able to see you this afternoon. ※ 3.常见引导词 英语中引导同位语从句的词通有连词 that,whether,连接副词 how,when,where 等。 (注: if,which 不能引导同位语从句。 )如: 1)l have no idea When he will be back.我不知道他什么时候回来。 2)He must answer the question whether he agrees to it or not. 3) My question how I shall get in touch with him has not been answered. 4、有时同位语从句可以不紧跟在说明的名词后面,而被别的词隔开。 如: Several years later,word came that Napoleon(拿破仑) himself was coming to inspect(视察) them. The thought came to him that maybe the enemy had fled the city. 。 ※5、同位语从句与定语从句的区别。 1)同位语从句与前面的名词是同位关系,即说明它前面名词的内容;而定语从句与前面的名 词是修饰与被修饰关系,即限定它前面的名词范围,或补充一些情况。 判断下面句子 (组) B. team (队) C. class(种类等级) D. gang

The news that l have passed the exam is true. The news that he told me just now is true. 2)引导同位语从句的 that 是连词,在从句中不充当任何成份,而引导定语从句的 that 是关 系代词,除起连接作用外,还在从句中充当主语、宾语或表语等。 判断下面句子 The idea that computers can recognize human voices surprises many people. The idea that he gave surprises many people. 巩固练习 1. (2011上海卷) 35. There is clear evidence _____ the most difficult feeling of all to interpret is bodily pain.A. what B. if C. how D. that 2.(2011辽宁卷)32. When the news came _____ the war broke out, he decided, to serve in the army.A. since B. which C. that D. because 3. (2011天津卷) Modern science has given clear evidence ______ smoking can lead to many 13. diseases.A. what B. which C. that D. where 4.(10 湖北 74)The news ________ 房价将要下跌) caused many people to sell their houses ( has at lower prices. (fall) 5. (09 江西 33) The fact has worried many scientists ______ the earth is becoming warmer and warmer these years. A. what B. which C. that D. though

6.〖05 浙江〗Danby left word with my secretary

_______he would call again in the

afternoon.A. who B. that C. as D. which 7.〖02 上海〗There’s a feeling in me _______we’ll never know what a UFO is—not ever. A. that B. which C. of which D. what 8. 上海春〗 〖02 There is a new problem involved in the popularity of private cars _________ road conditions need_________. A. that ...to be improved B. which...to be improved C. where ...improving D .when...improving


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