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英语常用固定搭配最全(2016年考生必备)


英语固定搭配
一、接不定式(而不接动名词)作宾语的 24 个常用动词 afford to do sth. 负担得起做某事 agree to do sth. 同意做某事 arrange to do sth.安排做某事 ask to do sth. 要求做某事 beg to do sth. 请求做某事 care to do sth. 想要做某事 choose to do s

th. 决定做某事 decide to do sth. 决定做某事 demand to do sth. 要求做某事 determine to do sth. 决心做某事 expect to do sth. 期待做某事 fear to do sth. 害怕做某事 help to do sth. 帮助做某事 hope to do sth. 希望做某事 learn to do sth. 学习做某事 manage to do sth. 设法做某事 offer to do sth. 主动提出做某事 plan to do sth. 计划做某事 prepare to do sth. 准备做某事 pretend to do sth. 假装做某事 promise to do sth. 答应做某事 refuse to do sth. 拒绝做某事 want to do sth. 想要做某事 wish to do sth. 希望做某事 注:有些不及物动词后习惯上也接不定式,不接动名词: aim to do sth. 打算做某事 fail to do sth. 未能做某事 long to do sth. 渴望做某事 happen to do sth. 碰巧做某事 sth. 犹豫做某事 struggle to do sth. 努力做某事 二、接不定式作宾补的 36 个常用动词 advise sb. to do sth. 建议某人做某事 allow sb. to do sth. 允许某人做某事 ask sb. to do sth.请(叫)某人做某事 bear sb. to do sth.忍受某人做某事 beg sb. to do sth. 请求某人做某事 cause sb. to do sth. 导致某人做某事 command sb. to do sth. 命令某人做某事 drive sb. to do sth .驱使某人做某事 elect sb. to do sth. 选举某人做某事 encourage sb. to do sth. 鼓励某人做某事 expect sb. to do sth. 期望某人做某事 forbid sb. to do sth. 禁止某人做某事 force sb. to do sth. 强迫某人做某事 get sb. to do sth. 使(要)某人做某事 hate sb. to do sth. 讨厌某人做某事 help sb. to do sth. 帮助某人做某事 intend sb. to do sth. 打算要某人做某事 invite sb. to do sth. 邀请某人做某事 leave sb. to do sth. 留下某人做某事 like sb. to do sth. 喜欢某人做某事 mean sb. to do sth. 打算要某人做某事 need sb. to do sth. 需要某人做某事 oblige sb. to do sth. 迫使某人做某事 order sb. to do sth. 命令某人做某事 permit sb. to do sth. 允许某人做某事 persuade sb. to do sth. 说服某人做某事 prefer sb. to do sth. 宁愿某人做某事 request sb. to do sth. 要求某人做某事 remind sb. to do sth. 提醒某人做某事 teach sb. to do sth .教某人做某事 tell sb. to do sth. 告诉某人做某事 train sb. to do sth. 训练某人做某事 trouble sb. to do sth. 麻烦某人做某事 want sb. to do sth. 想要某人做某事 warn sb. to do sth. 警告某人做某事 wish sb. to do sth. 希望某人做某事 三、注:不要受汉语意思的影响而误用以下动词句型: 汉语的“原谅某人做某事”,英语可说成 excuse [forgive] sb. for doing sth.。 汉语的“希望某人做某事”,英语可说成 wish sb. to do sth.。 汉语的“建议某人做某事”,英语可说成 advise sb. to do sth.。 汉语的“安排某人做某事”,英语可说成 arrange for sb. to do sth.。 汉语的“要求某人做某事”,英语可说成 demand of sb. to do sth.。

hesitate to do

汉语的“感谢某人做某事”,英语可说成 thank sb. for doing sth.。 汉语的“祝贺某人做某事”,英语可说成 congratulate sb. on doing sth.。 汉语的“阻止某人做某事”,英语可说成 prevent sb. from doing sth.。 四、接动名词(不接不定式)作宾语的 34 个常用动词 admit doing sth. 承认做某事 advise doing sth. 建议做某事 allow doing sth. 允许做某事 appreciate doing sth. 感激做某事 avoid doing sth. 避免做某事 consider doing sth. 考虑做某事 delay doing sth. 推迟做某事 deny doing sth. 否认做某事 discuss doing sth. 讨论做某事 dislike doing sth. 不喜欢做某事 enjoy doing sth. 喜爱做某事 escape doing sth. 逃脱做某事 excuse doing sth. 原谅做某事 fancy doing sth. 设想做某事 finish doing sth. 完成做某事 forbid doing sth. 禁止做某事 forgive doing sth. 原谅做某事 give up doing sth. 放弃做某事 imagine doing sth. 想象做某事 keep doing sth. 保持做某事 mention doing sth. 提及做某事 mind doing sth. 介意做某事 miss doing sth. 错过做某事 pardon doing sth. 原谅做某事 permit doing sth. 允许做某事 practice doing sth. 练习做某事 prevent doing sth. 阻止做某事 prohibit doing sth. 禁止做某事 put off doing sth. 推迟做某事 report doing sth. 报告做某事 risk doing sth. 冒险做某事 stop doing sth. 停止做某事 suggest doing sth. 建议做某事 understand doing sth. 理解做某事 四、接现在分词作宾补的 20 个常用动词 bring sb. doing sth.引起某人做某事 catch sb. doing sth. 碰上(撞上)某人做某事 discover sb. doing sth. 发现某人做某事 feel sb. doing sth. 感觉某人做某事 find sb. doing sth. 碰上(撞上)某人做某事 get sb. doing sth. 使某人做某事 have sb. doing sth. 使某人做某事 hear sb. doing sth. 听见某人做某事 keep sb. doing sth. 使某人不停地做某事 listen to sb. doing sth. 听某人做某事 look at sb. doing sth. 看着某人做某事 notice sb. doing sth. 注意到某人做某事 observe sb. doing sth. 观察某人做某事 prevent sb. doing sth. 阻止某人做某事 see sb. doing sth. 看见某人做某事 send sb. doing sth.使某人(突然)做某事 set sb. doing sth. 使(引起)某人做某事 start sb. doing sth. 使某人开始做某事 stop sb. doing sth. 阻止某人做某事 watch sb. doing sth. 观五、接动词原形作宾补的 11 个常用动词 feel sb. do sth. 感觉某人做某事 have sb. do sth. 使某人做某事 hear sb. do sth. 听见某人做某事 let sb. do sth.让某人做某事 listen to sb. do sth. 听着某人做某事 look at sb. do sth. 看着某人做某事 make sb. do sth. 使某人做某事 notice sb. do sth. 注意某人做某事 observe sb. do sth. 观察某人做某事 see sb. do sth. 看见某人做某事 watch sb. do sth. 观察某人做某事 察某人做某事 六、接不定式或动名词作宾语意思相同的 12 个动词 like to do sth / like doing sth. 喜欢做某事 love to do sth / love doing sth. 喜欢做某事 hate to do sth / hate doing sth. 憎恨做某事 prefer to do sth / prefer doing sth. 宁可做某事 begin to do sth / begin doing sth. 开始做某事

start to do sth / start doing sth. 开始做某事 continue to do sth / continue doing sth. 继续做某事 can’t bear to do sth / can’t bear doing sth. 不能忍受做某事 bother to do sth / bother doing sth. 麻烦做某事 intend to do sth / intend doing sth.想要做某事 attempt to do sth / attempt doing sth. 试图做某事 cease to do sth / cease doing sth. 停止做某事 七、接不定式或动名词作宾语意思不同的 7 个动词 (1) remember to do sth. 记住要做某事 remember doing sth. 记住曾做过某事 (2) forget to do sth. 忘记要做某事 forget doing sth. 忘记曾做过某事 (3) regret to do sth. 后悔(遗憾)要做某事 regret doing sth. 后悔(遗憾)曾做过某事 (4) try to do sth. 设法要做某事 try doing sth. 做某事试试看有何效果 (5) mean to do sth. 打算做某事 mean doing sth. 意味着做某事 (6) can’t help to do sth. 不能帮助做某事 can’t help doing sth. 禁不住做某事 (7) go on to do sth. 做完某事后接着做另一事 go on doing sth. 继续做一直在做的事 注:stop to do sth. 与 stop doing sth.也不同,前者指停下来去做某事,后者指停止正在做的事,但 stop to do sth. 中的不定式不是宾语,是目的状语。 八、可接双宾语的 38 个常用动词 (1) 双宾语易位时需借助介词 to 的常用动词 award sb. sth. = award sth. to sb. 颁奖给某人 bring sb. sth. = bring sth. to sb. 把某物带给某人 hand sb. sth. =hand sth. to sb. 把某物递给某人 lend sb. sth. = lend sth. to sb. 把某物借给某人 mail sb. sth. = mail sth. to sb. 把某物寄给某人 offer sb. sth. = offer sth. to sb. 将某物给某人 owe sb. sth. = owe sth. to sb. 欠某人某物 pass sb. sth. = pass sth. to sb. 把某物递给某人 pay sb. sth. = pay sth. to sb. 付给某人某物(钱) post sb. sth. = post sth. to sb. 把某物寄给某人 read sb. sth. = read sth. to sb. 把某物读给某人听 return sb. sth. = return sth. to sb. 把某物还给某人 send sb. sth. = send sth. to sb. 把某物送给某人 sell sb. sth. = sell sth. to sb. 把某物卖给某人 serve sb. sth. = serve sth. to sb. 拿某物招待某人 show sb. sth. = show sth. to sb. 拿某物给某人看 take sb. sth. = take sth. to sb. 把某物拿给某人 teach sb. sth. = teach sth. to sb. 教某人某物 tell sb. sth. = tell sth. to sb. 告诉某人某情况 throw sb. sth. = throw sth. to sb. 把某物扔给某人 write sb. sth. = write sth. to sb. 给某人写信 (2) 双宾语易位时需借助介词 for 的常用动词 book sb. sth. = book sth. for sb. 为某人预定某物 buy sb. sth. = buy sth. for sb. 为某人买某物 choose sb. sth. = choose sth. for sb. 为某人选某物 cook sb. sth. = cook sth. for sb. 为某人煮某物

draw sb. sth. = draw sth. for sb. 为某人画某物 fetch sb. sth. = fetch sth. for sb. 为某人去取某物 find sb. sth. = find sth. for sb. 为某人找到某物 fix sb. sth. = fix sth. for sb. 为某人准备某物 get sb. sth. = get sth. for sb. 为某人拿来某物 make sb. sth. = make sth. for sb. 为某人做某物 order sb. sth. = order sth. for sb. 为某人订购某物 pick sb. sth. = pick sth. for sb. 为某人采摘某物 prepare sb. sth. = prepare sth. for sb. 为某人准备某物 save sb. sth. = save sth. for sb. 为某人留某物 sing sb. sth. = sing sth. for sb. 为某人唱某物(歌) spare sb. sth. = spare sth. for sb. 为某人让出某物 steal sb. sth. = steal sth. for sb. 为某人偷某物 注:有的动词后接的双宾语易位时,既可用介词 to 引出间接宾语,也可用介词 for 引出间接宾语,含义相 同,如 bring,play 等: Bring me today’s paper. = Bring today’s paper to [for] me. 把今天的报纸拿给我。 He played us the record he had just bought. = He played the record he had just bought for [to] us. 他放了他刚买 的唱片给我们听。 有的动词后接的双宾语易位时,即可用介词 to 引出间接宾语,也可用介词 for 引出间接宾语,含义不同, 如 leave 等: They left me no food. = They left no food for me. 他们没给我留一点食物。 My uncle left me a large fortune. = My uncle left a large fortune to me. 我叔叔死后留下一大笔财产给我。 而有的动词后接双宾语时, 既不能用介词 to 引出间接宾语, 也不能用介词 for 引出间接宾语, 如 allow, ask, cause, charge, cost, forgive, refuse 等: He allows his son too much money. 他给他儿子的钱太多。 He asked me some questions. 他问了我一些问题。 This caused me much trouble. 着给我带来了许多麻烦。 He charged me five dollars for a cup of tea. 他一杯茶向我要了 5 美元。 His mistake cost him his job. 他的错误让他丢了工作。 I envy you your good luck. 我羡慕你的好运。 They forgave him his rudeness. 他们原谅了他的鲁莽。 He refused her nothing. 她要什么就给什么。 九、可用于“动词+sb+of sth”的 8 个常见动词 accuse sb. of sth. 控告某人犯某事(罪),指责某人做某事 cheat sb. fo sth. 骗取某人某物 cure sb. of sth. 治好某人的病,改掉某人的坏习惯 inform sb. of sth. 通知某人某情况(事) remind sb. of sth. 使某人想起某情况(事) rid sb. of sth. 使某人摆脱某物 rob sb. of sth. 抢劫某人的某东西 warn sb. of sth. 警告某人有某情况 十、可用于“动词+sb+for doing sth”的 8 个常见动词 blame sb. for doing sth. 指责某人做某事 criticize sb. for doing sth. 批评某人做某事

forgive sb. for doing sth. 原谅某人做某事 excuse sb. for doing sth. 原谅某人做某事 pardon sb. for doing sth. 原谅某人做某事 punish sb. for doing sth. 惩罚某人做某事 scold sb. for doing sth. 指责(责备)某人做某事 thank sb. for doing sth. 感谢某人做某事 十一、可用于“动词+sb+into doing sth”的 9 个常见动词 cheat sb. into doing sth. 欺骗某人做某事 trick sb. into doing sth. 欺骗某人做某事 food sb. into doing sth. 欺骗某人做某事 force sb. into doing sth. 迫使某人做某事 argue sb. into doing sth. 说服某人做某事 talk sb. into doing sth. 说服某人做某事 terrify sb. into doing sth. 威胁某人做某事 frighten sb. into doing sth. 吓唬某人做某事 persuade sb. into doing sth. 说服某人做某事 十二、容易误用作及物动词的 9 个不及物动词 误:deal a problem 正:deal with a problem 处理问题 误:depend sb. 正:depend on sb. 依靠(依赖)某人 误:insist doing sth. 正:insist on doing sth. 坚持要做某事 误:knock the door 正:knock on [at] the door 敲门 误:operate sb. 正:operate on sb. 为某人做手术 误:participate sth. 正:participate in sth. 参加某事 误:refer sth. 正:refer to sth. 查阅(参考)某物 误:rely sb. / sth. 正:rely on sb. / sth. 依靠(依赖)某人(某物 误:reply a letter 正:reply to a letter 回信 注: 在某些其他用法中, 以上有的动词也可能及物, 如 insist, reply 等动词后可接宾语从句, operate 表示“操 作”、“管理”等时则及物。 十三、容易误用作不及物动词的 8 个及物动词 误:serve for sb. 正:serve sb. 为某人服务 误:marry with sb. 正:marry sb. 与某人结婚 误:discuss about sth. 正:discuss sth. 讨论某事 误:mention about sth. 正:mention sth. 提到某事 误:enter into a room 正:enter a room 进入房间 误:contact with sb. 正:contact sb. 与某人联系 误:equal to sth. 正: equal sth. 等于某物 误:ring to sb. 正:ring sb. 给某人打电话 注: 有个别词在用于其他意义时, 可以是不及物的, 如 enter into 可以表示开始进入或从事某一状态或活动, 或用于较抽象的概念。如: The country entered into a state of war. 这个国家进入战争状态。 I can enter into your feelings at the loss of your father. 我理解你失去父亲后的心情。 The two old men entered into a long conversation. 两位老人开始长谈起来。 十四、17 个常用“be+形容词+about”结构 be angry about 为……生气 be anxious about 为……担忧 be careful about 当心…… be certain about 确信…… be curious about 对……好奇 be disappointed about 对……失望 be excited about 对……感到兴奋 be glad about 对……感到高兴 be happy about 为……感到高兴 be hopeful about 对……抱有希望

be mad about 对……入迷 be particular about 对……讲究 be serious about 对……认真 be worried about 为……担忧 十五、10 个常用“be+形容词+at”结构 be angry at 为……生气 be clever at 擅长于…… be expert at 在……方面是内行 be mad at 对……发怒 be skilful at 在……方面熟练

be nervous about 为……感到不安 be sad about 为……而难过 be sure about 对……有把握

be bad at 不善于…… be disappointed at 对……失望 be good at 善于…… be quick at 在……方面敏捷 be slow at 在……方面迟钝

十六、18 个常用“be+形容词+for”结构 be anxious for 渴望 be bad for 对……有害,对……不利 be bound for 前往 be celebrated for 以……出名 be convenient for 对……方便,在……附近 be eager for 渴望 be famous for 因……闻名 be fit for 合适,适合 be good for 对……有益(方便) be grateful for 感谢 be hungry for 渴望得到 be late for 迟到 be necessary for 对……有必要 be ready for 为……准备好 be sorry for 因……抱歉 be suitable for 对……合适(适宜) be thankful for 因……而感激 be well-known for 以……出名 十七、6 个常用“be+形容词+from”结构 be absent from 缺席,不在 be different from 与……不同 be far from 离……远,远远不 be free from 没有,免受 be safe from 没有……的危险 be tired from 因……而疲劳 十八、13 个常用“be+形容词+in”结构 be concerned in 与……有关 be disappointed in 对(某人)感到失望 be engaged in 从事于,忙于 be experienced in 在……方面有经验 be expert in 在……方面是行家 be fortunate in 在……方面幸运 be honest in 在……方面诚实 be interested in 对……感兴趣 be lack in 缺乏 be rich in 富于,在……方面富有 be skilful in 擅长于 be successful in 在……方面成功 be weak in 在……方面不行 十九、18 个常用“be+形容词+of”结构 be afraid of 害怕 be ashamed of 为……感到羞愧 be aware of 意识到,知道 be capable of 能够,可以 be careful of 小心,留心 be certain of 确信,对……有把握 be fond of 喜欢 be free of 没有,摆脱 be full of 充满 be glad of 为……而高兴 be nervous of 害怕 be proud of 为……自豪 be short of 缺乏 be shy of 不好意思 be sick of 对……厌倦 be sure of 肯定,有把握 be tired of 对……厌烦 be worthy of 只得,配得上

二十、20 个常用“be+形容词+to”结构 be accustomed to 习惯于 be blind to 对……视而不见 be close to 靠近,接近 be cruel to 对……残酷,对……无情 be devoted to 献身,专心于 be equal to 等于,能胜任 be familiar to 为(某人)所熟悉 be harmful to 对……有危害 be important to 对……重要 p; be open to 对……开放,易受到 be opposed to 反对,不赞成 be opposite to 在……对面,和……相反 be polite to 对……有礼貌 be related to 与……有关(是亲戚) be respectful to 尊敬 be rude to 对……无礼 be similar to 与……相似 be true to 忠实于,信守 be used to 习惯于 be useful to 对……有用 二十一、16 个常用“be+形容词+with”结构 be angry with 对(某人)生气 be bored with 对……厌烦 be busy with 忙于 be careful with 小心 be concerned with 关于,与……有关 be content with 以……为满足 be delighted with 对……感到高兴 be disappointed with 对(某人)失望 be familiar with 熟悉,精通 be honest with 对(某人)真诚 be ill with 患……病 be patient with 对(某人)有耐心 be pleased with 对……满意(高兴) be popular with 受……欢迎 be satisfied with 对……满意 be strict with 对(某人)严格 二十二、24 个常用“in+其他词+of”结构 in advance of 在……前面 in aid of 帮助 in behalf of 为了,为了……的利益 in case of 如果,万一,以防 in celebration of 庆祝 in charge of 负责,管理 in commemoration of 纪念,庆祝 in defence of 保卫 in explanation of 解释 in face of 面对 in favour of 赞成,主张 in front of 在……前面 in honor of 纪念,祝贺,欢迎 in memory of 纪念 in need of 需要 in place of 代替 in possession of 拥有 in praise of 称赞 in respect of 关于,就……而言 in search of 寻找,搜找 in sight of 看得见,在看见……的地方 in spite of 虽然,尽管 in support of 为了支持(拥护)…… in view of 鉴于,考虑到 注:同时注意一下相似结构: in exchange for 作为对……的交换 in preparation for 为……作准备 in return for 作为……的报答 in reward for 作为……的报酬 in addition to 加之,除……之外 in answer to 回答,响应 in contrast to [with] 与……形成对比 in opposition to 与……相反,反对 in reply to 作为对……的回答(答复) in response to 回答,响应 in [with] reference to 关于 in [with] regard to 关于 二十三、27 个带 to doing sth.的常用结构 1.动词+介词 to+动名词 (1) admit to doing sth. 承认做了某事 (2) apply to doing sth. 适用于做某事

(3) object to doing sth. 反对做某事 (4) see to doing sth. 负责做某事 (5) stick to doing sth. 坚持做某事 (6) take to doing sth. 喜欢上做某事,逐渐习惯做某事 2.动词+宾语+介词 to+动名词 (1) apply oneself to doing sth. 专心致力于做某事 (2) devote sth. to doing sth. 把……献给做某事 (3) devote oneself to doing sth. 献身于做某事 (4) limit sth. to doing sth. 把……限制在做某事的范围内 (5) reduce sb. to doing sth. 使某人沦为做某事 3.动词+名词+介词 to+动名词 (1) give one’s life to doing sth. 献身于做某事 (2) give one’s mind to doing sth. 专心做某事 (3) have a dislike to doing sth. 厌恶做某事 (4) have an eye to doing sth. 注意做某事 (5) have an objection to doing sth. 反对(反感)做某事 (6) pay attention to doing sth. 注意做某事 (7) set one’s mind to doing sth. 决心做某事 4.be+形容词+介词 to+动名词 (1) be equal to doing sth. 等于做某事,能胜任做某事 (2) be used to doing sth. 习惯于做某事 (3) be opposed to doing sth. 反对做某事 (4) be reduced to doing sth. 使某人沦为做某事 (5) be devoted to doing sth. 把时间(钱,精力等)献给做某事 (6) be limited to doing sth. 把……限制在做某事的范围内 5.其他结构+介词 to+动名词 (1) get down to doing sth. 开始做某事,认真处理某事 (2) look forward to doing sth. 盼望做某事 (3) What do you say to doing sth? 你认为做某事如

考研英语常用固定搭配
(一)名词的固定搭配 by accident 偶然 on account of 因为,由于 in addition 另外 in addition to 除……之外(包括) in the air 在流行中,在传播中 on (the/an) average 平均,一般来说

on the basis of 根据,在……的基础上 at (the) best 充其量,至多 for the better 好转,改善 on board 在船(车、飞机)上 out of breath 喘不过气来 on business 因公,因事 in any case 无论如何,总之 in case of 假使,万一 in case 假如,以防(万一),免得 in line 成一直线,排成一行 in line with 与……一致,按照 at a loss 困惑,不知所措 by all means 无论如何,必定 by means of 借助于,用 by no means 决不 in memory of 纪念 at the mercy of 在……支配下 by mistake 错误地 at the moment 现在,此刻 for a moment 片刻,一会儿 for the moment 现在,暂时 in a moment 立刻,马上 as a result of 由于……的结果

in return 作为报答,作为回报 on the road 在旅途中 as a rule 规章,规则;通常,照例 in the long run 最终,从长远观点看 for the sake of 为了……起见 on sale 出售;贱卖 on a large scale 大规模地 on a small scale 小规模地 in secret 秘密地,私下地 in a sense 从某种意义上说 in shape 处于良好状态 on the side 作为兼职,额外 at the same time 但是,然而,同时 at times 有时 for the time being 目前,暂时 from time to time 有时,不时 in no time 立即,马上 in time 及时,适时地 on time 准时 on top of 在……之上 out of touch 失去联系 in truth 事实上,实际上,的确 on try 试穿

by turns 轮流,交替地 in turn 依次,轮流 in vain 徒劳,无效 a variety of 种种,各种 by virtue (美德,长处)of 由于 make a/the difference 有影响,很重要 carry/bring into effect 使生效,使起作用 put into effect 实行,生效 come/go into effect 生效,实施 take effect 生效,起作用 catch one’s eye 引人注目 keep an eye on 留意,照看 make faces 做鬼脸 find fault 埋怨,挑剔 catch fire 着火 come/go into force 生效,实施 make friends 交朋友,友好相处 be friends with 对……友好,与……交上朋友 make fun of 取笑,嘲弄 keep one’s head 保持镇静 lose one’s head 不知所措 keep house 管理家务,做家务 throw/cast light on 使明白,阐明

bear/keep in mind 记住 have in mind 记住,考虑到,想到 make up one’s mind 下决心 come/go into operation 使投入生产,使运转 put in order 整理,检修 keep/hold pace with 跟上,与……同步 play a part 起作用 take place 发生,进行 take the place of 代替 make progress 进步,进展 give rise to 引起,使发生 make sense 讲得通,有意义 catch the sight of 发现,突然看见 (go) on the stage 当演员 take one’s time 不急不忙,从容进行 keep in touch 保持联系 keep track (踪迹,小路,路径,跑道,轨道) 通晓事态,注意动向 lose track 失去联系 make use of 利用 (trait,特征)

(二)动词的固定搭配 account for 说明(原因等) aim at 瞄准,针对

allow for 考虑到,体谅 arrive at 达成,得出 ask after 询问,问候 call on/upon 访问,拜访;号召,呼吁 call up 召集,动员;打电话 care for 照管,关心;喜欢,意欲 carry off 夺去 carry on 继续下去;从事,经营 carry out 贯彻,执行;实现 count up 把……相加 cover up 掩饰,掩盖 cut across 走捷径,抄近路 deal with 处理,对付,安排 do without 没有……也行 fill in/out 填充,填写 get at 得到,接近;意思是
I got a look at how he worked. 我看见他怎样工作。3.暗示, 意指 What was Betty getting at when she said she knew our secret? 当贝蒂说她知道我们的秘密时, 她指的是什么? 4.买通, 贿赂 The gangsters couldn't get at the mayor. 流氓们无法贿赂市长。 5.责备 He's always getting at his wife. 他总是责备他的妻子。

get into 进入,陷入 go for 竭力想取得;喜爱;支持,拥护

go through 经历,经受;详细检查 live on/by 靠……生活,以……为食 live through 度过,经受过 look for 寻找,寻求 look into 调查,观察,过问;窥视 look over 检查,查看,调查 look through 仔细查看,浏览,温习 make for 走向,驶向;有助于 occur to 被想到,被想起 play with 以……为消遣,玩弄 refer to 参考,查阅,涉及,提到 run for 竞选 run into 撞上,偶然碰见 see to 注意,负责,照料,修理 send for 派人去请,召唤;索取 check up (on) 校对,检查,检验 cheer up 使高兴,使振奋 clear away 扫除,收拾 clear up 收拾;澄清;放晴 make it clear that 弄清楚 come off 实现,成功,奏效 come on 请,来吧,快点;开始,出场,上演

come out 出版;出现,显露;结果是

come round (around) 来访,前来;苏醒,复原 cut down 削减,降低 cut off 切断;删去;停止 cut out 删除 die down 渐渐消失,平息 get up 起床;增加,增强 give away 泄露;分送 give back 送还,恢复 give in 交上;投降,屈服 give up 停止,放弃 go ahead 开始,前进;领先 go by 过去 go down 下降,降低;被载入,传下去 go off 爆炸,发射;动身,离开 go out 外出;熄灭 go over 检查,审查;复习,重温 go up 上升,增加;建起 hand down 流传下来,传给,往下传 hand in 交上,递交 hang on 抓紧不放;继续下去 make up 构成,拼凑;弥补,赔偿;化装 mix up 混淆,混合,搞糊涂

pass away 去世,逝世

pass out 失去知觉,昏倒 pay back 偿还,回报 pay off 还清(债) pay up 全部付清

pick out 选出,挑出,拣出;辨认,辨别出 pick up 拾起,(偶然)得到;(车船)中途搭(人),学会 pull down 拆毁,拉倒;拉下,降低 pull off 脱(帽、衣) pull on 穿,戴

pull out 拔出,抽出;(车、船)驶出 put away 放好,收好;储存 put down 记下,放下;镇压,平定 put forward 提出 shut out 排除 sit in 列席,旁听 sit up 迟睡,熬夜 speed up 使加速 stand out 突出,显眼 take on 呈现;接纳,承担,从事 take over 接管,接办 take up 占据;开始;拿起,接收 take up with 和……交往,忍受,采用 think over 仔细考虑

throw away 扔掉,抛弃 touch up 润色,改进 turn down 拧小,调低;拒绝 turn in 交出,上缴;转身进入 turn on 接通,打开 wear out 用破;耗尽,使精疲力竭 while away 消磨(时间) wipe out 擦去,抹去;消灭,毁灭 work out 解决,算出;弄懂,制定出 work up 引起,激起;逐渐上升 work on 从事于,努力做 get down to 开始,着手 get out of 逃避,改掉 get the better of 占上风,胜过 have got 有 give oneself away 泄露,露马脚 give oneself up 自首,投降,投案 give way to 给……让路,被……代替 go along with 陪同前往,随行 go back on 违背 go in for 从事,致力于,追求 go before 居前 hang on to 紧握住,坚持下去

have to/have got to 不得不,必须 have to do with 与……有关 keep out of 躲开,置身……之外 stand up for 为……辩护;维护 stand up to 面对,坚决抵抗;经得起 come to stay 木已成舟 stay by 守在一边 take...as 把……作为 think of...as 把……看做是,以为……是 think better of 改变主意,重新考虑

(三)形容词的固定搭配 be able to (do) 能(做),会(做) be about to (do) 即将,正要 be absent from 缺勤,缺课 be abundant in 富于,富有 be accustomed to 习惯于 be acquainted with 与……相识,熟悉 be active in 积极于 be afraid of 恐怕,害怕,担忧 be alive to 发觉,感觉,对……敏感 be angry at 因某事生气 be bent on 热恋于,一心想

be beside oneself 忘乎所以 be better off 处境较好,情况好转 be born in 出生于…… be born of 出生于……(家庭) be bound to (do) 一定会,不得不 be buried in 沉思,陷入,专心于 be capable of 能够 be confident in 对……有信心 be characterized by 以……为特征 be clever at 擅长于 be combined with 与……结合 be composed of 由……组成 be concerned about 关心,挂念 be connected with 与……有关 be coupled with 与……配合 be covered with 被……覆盖 be crowded with 挤满,拥塞 be curious to (do) 很想(做) be dependent on/upon 取决于,依赖 be derived from 由……得到 be determined to (do) 决心(做) be good for 适于,在……期间有效 be grateful to 感谢,感激

be identified as 被认为是 be independent of 脱离……而独立,与……无关 be indispensable for 对……必不可少的 be interested in 对……感兴趣 be involved in 包括……中,被卷入 be involved with 涉及 be kind enough to (do) 承……好意,恳请 be known as 被称作……,以……著称 be well off 生活富裕 be pleased to (do) 乐于 be pleased with 对……感到满意 be popular with 得人心的,受……欢迎的 be possessed of 具有,拥有 be prepared for 做……打算;对……做好准备 be present at 出席 be proud of 以……自豪,因……感到满意 be provided with 装备有 be ready to (do) 装备好(做);乐意(做) be ready for 为……准备好

be regarded as 被认为是,被当做是 be rich in 富于 be rid of 除去,摆脱 get rid of 摆脱,除掉

be satisfied with 对……满意,满足于 be second to 次于 be short for 是……的缩写(简称) be short of 短缺 be sick for 渴望 be sick in bed 病在床上 be sick of 对……感到厌倦 be sorry for 对……感到抱歉 be sure to (do) 一定,必定 be surprised at 对……感到惊奇 be taken aback 吃惊 be taken by surprise 被突袭 be terrified at 被……吓一跳 be lost in thought 沉思 be through with 结束 be tired from 因……而疲乏 be tired of 厌烦;对……厌倦 be tired out 疲倦极了 be torn open 被撕开 be true of 适用于

(四)其他重要的固定搭配 above all 首先,毕竟

after all 终于,毕竟;虽然这样 at all 完全,根本 all but 几乎,差一点 all over 遍及,到处 in all 总共,总计 not at all 一点也不 all out 全力以赴,竭尽全力 leave alone 听其自然,更不用说 along with 与……一起 one after another 一个接一个 one another 互相 anything but 除……以外任何事(物),根本不 as...as 像……一样 as for 至于,就……方面说 as if 好像,仿佛 as though 好像,仿佛 as to 至于,关于 as well 也,又 as well as (除……之外)也,既……又 not as/so...as 不如……那样 back and forth 往返,来来往往地 back of 在……后部,在……背部 because of 由于,因为

had better 最好还是,应该 both...and 既……又……,两个都 but for 除……以外,倘没有,除非 each other 互相 either...or 或……或,不是……就是;无论……还是 or else 否则,要不然 even if/though 即使,虽然 even then 即使那样,连,都 except for 除……之外 as/so far as 远至,到……程度 by far ……得多,最 1.…得多, 更, 尤其
This is better by far.

这个好多了。
That is by far the best choice.

那是最好的选择。

far from 远非,远离 so far 迄今为止 first of all 首先,第一 if only 要是……就好了 in itself 本身 at last 最终,终于 at least 至少,最低程度 no less than 决不少于,不亚(次)于 a little 一点;一些,少许 little by little 逐渐地

quite a little 相当多,不少 no longer 不再,已不 a great/good many of 许多,大量 many a 许多的

more and more 越来越 more or less 或多或少 no more than 不过,仅仅;和……一样不 at (the) most 最多,至少,不超过 make the most of 充分利用 neither...nor 既不……也不 every now and then 有时,时时,偶尔 just now 刚才,一会儿以前 now and then 时而,不时 now that 既然,由于 off and on 断断续续,不时地 and so on 等等 all at once 突然;同时,一起 at once 立刻,马上 once (and) for all 一劳永逸,限此一次 once more 再一次,又一次 by oneself 独自地,单独地 every other 每隔一个地 other than 不同于

over and over (again) 一再,再三 all right 好,行

all round 周围,处处 ever since 从那时起,自那时以来 and so on/forth 等等 ever so 非常,极其 or so 大约,左右 so...as to 结果是;如此……以至于 so that 以便,为的是;结果是 so...that 如此……以至于 such as 像……那样的;诸如,例如

such...that 那样的……以致 that is (=i. e.) 就是说,即 up to 起来,从事于,忙于;直至 what about (对于)……怎么样 what if 如果……将会怎样,即使……又有什么要紧 whether...or 是……还是,不管……还是 go wrong 发生故障,出毛病 and yet 可是,然而 as yet 到目前(那时)为止 apologize (?ise) to,for 道歉,认错 cling to 粘住;依附;坚持 collide with 抵触

compensate for 补偿,赔偿 comply with 照做,遵照,应允 conceive of 设想,构思;以为 conform to 遵守,依照,符合,顺应 consult with 商量,商议 cooperate with 合作,协作,相配合 cope with 竞争,对抗;对付,应付;妥善处理 deduce from 演绎,推断 defrom 导出,由……来 impose on 把……强加给 intervene in 干涉,干预;插入 originate in/from 起源,发生;首创,创造 participate in 参与,参加;分享 preside at/over 主持 prevail over/against 取胜,占优势;流行,盛行 reconcile (是和谐,将就,妥协)to/with 使一致 reign over 统治;盛行 restrain from 抑制,制止 sacrifice for/to 牺牲,献出,献祭 scrape through 擦过,勉强通过 testify to 说明,证实 flare up 突然燃烧起来;突然发怒 queue up 排队,排队等待

acquaint sb. With 使认识,使了解 correspondence with 通信 congratulations on 祝贺 dependence on 依靠;依赖;信赖 dissatisfaction with/at 不满,不平 in sequence 依次,逐一 at stake 在危险中,利害攸关 n.
1.桩, 柱,标桩,篱笆桩 2.刑柱,火刑柱 3.股份, 利害关系 4.赛马奖金 5.赌注 6.(在公司、计划等中的)重大利益,重大利害关系

in accordance with 与……一致 on behalf of 代表……,为了…… accustomed to 习惯于 on the sly 偷偷地,冷不防地 in excess of 超过

(五)超纲的其他固定搭配 put into practice 落实 get out of control 失控 be satisfied with 满足 be satisfied with 满意 hardly...when 刚……就…… come to a conclusion 得出结论

avoid doing sth. 避免干某事 decline invitation 辞谢邀请 agree on/upon 取得一致意见 may (might) as well 还是……好 come after in support of 跟随 支持

be different from 与……不同 lie up ask for 躺着休息 要价

without question 毫无疑问 out of the question 绝不可能 beside the point 离题 refresh one’s memory 使人记起 bring to mind in one’s will 使人想起 在……遗嘱中

of one’s free will 出于自愿 above all first of all with ease at ease prepare for get to 最重要的 首先 容易,不费力 不拘束 准备

开始;到达 到……时

by the moment

have intention of 有意,打算 no intention of 无意,不打算

have not the least idea of 不知道 have no desire for 对……没有欲望 have desire to do sth. 想做某事 have sth. in stock be on sale be in demand 出售 需要 有现货

be particular about 讲究 the key to…… pass over pass for get out now that 的答案(线索、办法)

不注意,忽视 被认为(当做) 使……出去 既然,由于

be of little value 没什么价值 all the way cure sb. Of 从远道,从头至尾 治好某人……

at one’s wits end 不知所措 pull back pull round 撤退 掉头,转向;康复

be on good terms with sb. 与某人友好 put sb. Through 为某人接通电话

entitle sb. (to do) sth. 给予某人(干)某事的权利

beyond one’s power 超出某人的能力 take charge of 负责

take interest in 对……发生兴趣 take a chance 冒一下险

ahead of schedule 提前 part with turn away be it that 放弃,离开 转变方向;拒绝 即使 试图

make an attempt

in the mood for sth. 对某事有心境 escape doing sth. 躲避干某事 make up for come up with set a limit to 弥补 提出 限制 在……范围内

within the limit of call at call on go blank go dim 访问 号召

(头脑)变成空白 (大脑)混沌 从……脱离 遭受 附属于

break away from be subjected to be attached to in no time

立即

by all means

务必

not on any account 决不 take pains to do sth. 费尽苦心做某事 a multitude of 大量(接复数名词)

give suspicion to 对……怀疑 make provision for 为……作准备 be involved in be assigned to 卷入,陷入 被分配给……

英语词组固定搭配
新东方李老师的734条高频词组笔记(怕以后丢了,就转来了,实在是太有用了!没看过的,赶紧点吧~) 1.abide by(=be faithful to ; obey)忠于;遵守。 2. be absent from…. 缺席,不在 3. absence or mind(=being absent-minded) 心不在焉 4. absorb(=take up the attention of)吸引…的注意力(被动语态)be absorbed in 全神贯注于… 近义:be engrossed ; be lost in ; be rapt in ;be concentrated on ; be focused on ; be centered on 5. (be) abundant in(be rich in; be well supplied with) 富于,富有 6. access(to) (不可数名词) 能接近,进入, 了解 7. by accident(=by chance, accidentally)偶然地,意外. Without accident(=safely) 安全地, 8. of one’s own accord(=without being asked; willingly; freely)自愿地 ,主 动地 9. in accord with 与…一致 . out of one’s accord with 同….不一致 10. with one accord (=with everybody agreeing)一致地 11. in accordance with (=in agreement with) 依照,根据 12. on one’s own account 1) 为了某人的缘故, 为了某人自己的利益 2) (=at one’s own risk) 自行负责 3) (=by oneself)依靠自己 on account 赊账; on account of 因为; on no account 不论什么原因也不;of …account 有…..重要性. 13. take…into account(=consider)把...考虑进去 14. give sb. an account of 说明, 解释 (理由) 15. account for (=give an explanation or reason for) 解释, 说明. 16. on account of (=because of) 由于,因为. 17. on no account(=in no case, for no reason)绝不要,无论如何不要(放句首时句 子要倒装) 18. accuse…of…(=charge…with; blame sb. for sth. ; blame sth. on sb. ; complain about) 指控,控告 19. be accustomed to (=be in the habit of, be used to)习惯于. 20. be acquainted with(=to have knowledge of) 了解; (=to have met socially ) 熟悉 21. act on 奉行,按照…行动; act as 扮演; act for 代理 22. adapt oneself to(=adjust oneself to) 使自己适应于

23. adapt…(for) (=make sth. Suitable for a new need) 改编, 改写(以适应新的需要) 24. in addition (=besides) 此外, 又, 加之 25. in addition to(=as well as, besides, other than)除…外 26. adhere to (=abide by, conform to, comply with, cling to, insist on, pe rsist in, observe, opinion, belief ) 粘附; 坚持, 遵循 27. adjacent(=next to, close to) 毗邻的, 临近的 28. adjust..(to) (=change slightly)调节; 适应; 29. admit of (=be capable of, leave room for) …的可能,留有…的余地. 30. in advance (before in time) 预告, 事先. 31. to advantage 有利的,使优点更加突出地. 32. have an advantage over 胜过. have the advantage of 由于…处于有利条件 have the advantage of sb.知 道某人所不知道的事 33. take advantage of (=make the best of, utilize, make use of, profit from, harness)利用. 34. agree with 赞同(某人意见) agree to 同意 35. in agreement (with) 同意, 一致 36. ahead of 在…之前, 超过…;……………. ahead of time 提前. 37. in the air 1)不肯定, 不具体. 2)在谣传中. 38. above all (=especially, most important of all) 尤其是, 最重要的. 39. in all (=counting everyone or everything, altogether) 总共, 总计 40. after all 毕竟,到底; (not) at all 一点也不; all at once(=suddenly)突然; once and for all 只此一次; above all 最重要的; first of all 首先; all in all 大体上说; be all in 累极了; all but 几乎. 41. allow for (=take into consideration, take into account) 考虑到, 估计到 . 42. amount to (=to be equal to) 总计, 等于. 43. answer for (undertake responsibility for, be liable for, take charge for) 对…负责. 44. answer to (=conform to) 适合,符合. 45. be anxious about 为…焦急不安; 或 anxious for 46. apologize to sb. for sth. 为…向…道歉 47. appeal to sb. for sth. 为某事向某人呼吁. appeal to sb. 对某人有吸引力 48. apply to sb. for sth. 为…向…申请 ; apply for 申请; apply to 适用. 49. apply to 与…有关;适用 50. approve of (=consent to, be in favor of, favor, agree to, consider good, right) 赞成, approve vt. 批准 51. arise from(=be caused by) 由…引起. 52. arrange for sb.sth. to do sth. 安排…做… 53. arrive on 到达; arrive at 到达某地(小地方);得出,作出; arrive in 到达某地(大地方); 54. be ashamed of (=feel shame, guilt or sorrow because of sth. done) 以… 为羞耻 55. assure sb. of sth. (=try to cause to believe or trust in sth.) 向…保证, 使…确信. 56. attach(to) (=to fix, fasten; join) 缚, 系 ,结 57. make an attempt at doing sth. (to do sth.) 试图做… 58. attend to (=give one’s attention, care and thought)注意,照顾;attend on(upon)(=wait upon, serve, look after) 侍候,照料 59. attitude to toward …对…的态度.看法 60. attribute…to…(=to believe sth. to be the result of…)把..归因于.., 认为..是..的结果 61. on the average (=on average, on an average) 平均 62. (be) aware of (=be conscious of , having knowledge or consciousness)意识到,知道. 63. at the back of (=behind) 在…后面 64. in the back of 在…后部(里面); on the back of 在…后部(外面); be on one’s back(=be ill in bed) 卧病不起.

初中英语固定搭配
由动词开头构成的短语、词组很多。复习时应分类处理: 一、动词+介词 1.look at…看…, look like … 看上去像……, look after …照料… 2.listen to…听…… 3.welcome to…欢迎到…… 4.say hello to …向……问好 5.speak to…对……说话 此类短语相当于及物动词,其后必须带宾语,但宾语无论是名词还是代词,都要放在介词之后。 二、动词+副词 “动词+副词”所构成的短语义分为两类: A.动词(vt.)+副词 1.put on 穿上 2.take off 脱下 3.write down 记下 此类短语可以带宾语,宾语若是名词,放在副词前后皆可;宾语若是人称代词,只能放在副词的前面。 B.动词(vi)+副词。 1.come on 赶快 2.get up 起床 3.go home 回家 4.come in 进来 5.sit down 坐下 6.stand up 起立 此类短语属于不及物动词,不可以带宾语。 三、其它类动词词组 1.close the door 2.1ook the same 3.go to work/class 4.be ill 5.have a look/seat 6.have supper 7.1ook young 8.go shopping 9.watch TV/games 10. play games [介词短语聚焦] “介词+名词/代词”所构成的短语称为介词短语。现将 Unitsl-16 常用的介词短语按用法进行归类。 1.in+语言/颜色/衣帽等,表示使用某种语言或穿着……。 2.in + Row/ Team/ Class/ Grade 等,表示“在……排/队/班级/年级”等。 3.in the morning/ afternoon/ evening/ 表示“在上午/下午/傍晚”等一段时间。 4.in the desk/ pencil-box/bedroom 等表示“在书桌/铅笔盒/卧室里”。 5.in the tree 表示“在树上 (非树本身所有)”;on the tree 表示“在树上(为树本身所有)”。 6.in the wall 表示“在墙上(凹陷进去)”;on the wall 表示“在墙上(指墙的表面)”。 7.at work(在工作)/at school(上学)/at home(在家)应注意此类短语中无 the。 8.at + 时刻表示钟点。 9.like this/that 表示方式,意为“像……这/那样”。 10.of 短语表示所属关系。 11.behind/ beside/ near/ under+ 名词等,表示方位、处所。 12.from 与 to 多表示方向,前者意为“从……”,后者意为“到……”。 另外,以下这些短语也必须掌握。如:on duty, after breakfast, at night, at the door, in the middle, in the sky, on one’s bike 等。 [重点句型大回放] 1.I think…意为“我认为……”,是对某人或某事的看法或态度的一种句型。其否定式常用 I don’t think…, 2.give sth. to sb./ give sb. sth.

意为“把……给……”,动词 give 之后可接双宾语,可用这两种句型;若指物的宾语是人称代词时,则只能 用 give it/ them to sb. 3.take sb./ sth. to…意为“把……(送)带到……”,后常接地点,也可接人。 4.One…, the other…/One is…and one is…意为“一个是……;另一个是……”,必须是两者中。 5.Let sb. do sth. 意为“让某人做某事”,人后应用不带 to 的动词不定式,其否定式为 Don’t let sb,do sth., 或 Let sb. not do sth. 另外,Let’s 与 Let us 的含义不完全相同,前者包括听者在内,后者不包括听者在内, 6.help sb. (to) do sth./help sb. with sth.意为“帮助某人做某事”,前者用不定式作宾补,后者用介词短语作宾补,二者可以互换. 7.What about…?/How about…?意为“……怎么样?”是用来询问或征求对方的观点、意见、看法等。about 为介词,其后须接名 词、代词或 V-ing 等形式。 8.It’s time to do…/ It’s time for sth. 意为“该做……的时间了”,其中 to 后须接原形动词,for 后可接名词或 V-ing 形式。 9.like to do sth./like doing sth.意为“喜欢做某事”, 前一种句型侧重具体的一次性的动作;后一种句型侧重 习惯性的动作, 10.ask sb.(not) to do sth. 意为“让某人(不要)做某事”,其中 ask sb.后应接动词不定式, 11.show sb. sth. / show sth. to do. 意为“把某物给某人看”,该句型的用法同前面第 2 点。 12.introduce sb. to sb. 意为“把某人介绍给另一人”;introduce to sb.则是“向某人作介绍”。 [重点短语快速复习] 1.kinds of 各种各样的 2. either…or…或者……或者……,不是……就是…… 3. neither…nor…既不……也不…… 4. Chinese tea without, anything in it 中国清茶 5. take a seat 就坐 6. home cooking 家常做法 7. be famous for 因……而著名 8. on ones'way to 在……途中 9. be sick/ill in hospital 生病住院 10. at the end of 在……的尽头,在……的末尾 11. wait for 等待 12. in time 及时 13. make one’s way to…往……(艰难地)走去 14. just then 正在那时 15. first of all 首先,第一 16. go wrong 走错路 17. be/get lost 迷路 18. make a noise 吵闹,喧哗 19. get on 上车 20. get off 下车 21. stand in line 站队 22. waiting room 候诊室,候车室 23. at the head of……在……的前头 24. laugh at 嘲笑 25. throw about 乱丢,抛散 26. in fact 实际上

27. at midnight 在半夜 28. have a good time=enjoy oneself 玩得愉快 29. quarrel with sb. 和某人吵架 30. take one’s temperature 给某人体温 31. have/get a pain in…某处疼痛 32. have a headache 头痛 33. as soon as… 一……就…… 34. feel like doing sth. 想要干某事 35. stop…from doing sth. 阻止……干某事 36. fall asleep 入睡 37. again and again 再三地,反复地 38. wake up 醒来,叫醒 39. instead of 代替 40. look over 检查 41. take exercise 运动 42. had better(not) do sth. 最好(不要)干某事 43. at the weekend 在周末 44. on time 按时 45. out of 从……向外 46. all by oneself 独立,单独 47. lots of=a lot of 许多 48. no longer/more=not…any longer/more 不再 49. get back 回来,取回 50. sooner or later 迟早 51. run away 逃跑 52. eat up 吃光,吃完 53. run after 追赶 54. take sth. with sb. 某人随身带着某物 55. take(good) care of…=look after…(well) (好好)照顾,照料 56. think of 考虑到,想起 57. keep a diary 坚持写日记 58. leave one by oneself 把某人单独留下 59. harder and harder 越来越厉害 60. turn on 打开(电灯、收音机、煤气等) 61. turn off 关 [重温重点句型] 1.So + be/助动词/情牵动词/主语. 前面陈述的肯定情况也适于另一人(物)时,常用到这种倒装结构,表示“另一人(物)也如此。”前面陈 述的否定情况也适于另一人(物)时,常用“Neither/ Nor + be/助动词/情态动词+主语.”这种倒装结构。 注意:“So+主语+be/助动词/情态动词.”这一句型常用于表示赞同,进一步肯定对方的看法,表示“的 确如此。”“是呀。” 2.Turn right/left at the first/second/…crossing. 这一指路的句型意为 “ 在第一/二/ …… 个十字路口向右/左拐。 ” 相当于 Take the first / second /…turning on theright/left.

3.It takes sb.some time to do sth. 此句型表示“干某事花了某人一段时间。”其中的 it 是形式主语,后面的动词不定式(短语)才是真正的主 语. 4.…think/find + it + adj. + to do sth. 此句型中的 it 是形式宾语,不可用其它代词替代,形容词作宾语的补足语,后面的动词不定式(短语)才 是真正的宾语。 5.What’s wrong with…? 此句型相当于 What’s the matter/ trouble with…?后跟某物作宾语时,意为“某物出什么毛病了?”后跟某人 作宾语时,意为“某人怎么了?” 6.too…to… 在 so…that…复合句中,that 后的句子是否定句时,常与简单句 too…to…(太……而不能……)进行句型 转换。 在 so…that…复合句中,that 后的句子是肯定句时,常与简单句…enough to…进行句型转换. 7.Sorry to hear that. 全句应为 I’m sorry to hear that. 意为“听到此事我很难过(遗憾) 。”常用于对别人的不幸表示同情、遗憾之 意。 [重点句型、词组大盘点] 1. She used to be a Chinese teacher. 她过去是一位汉语老师。 [用法] used to + 动词原形,表示过去经常性的动作或存在的状态,含有现在不再如此之意。 [搭配] used to do 的否定式可以是 usedn’t to do 或 didn’t use to do. [比较] used to do sth. 过去常做某事;be/ get used to doing sth. 习惯于做某事;be used to do sth. 被用来做某事。 2.…return it sooner or later. ……迟早要将它归还。 [用法] l)sooner or later 意为“迟早”、“早晚”。 2)return 此处用作及物动词,意为“归还”,相当于 give back. [拓展]return 还可用作不及物动词,意为“返回”,相当于 go back 或 come back。 3.No matter what the weather is like…无论天气…… [用法]no matter what 相当于 whatever,其意为“无论什么”,引导状语从句。 [拓展]类似 no matter what 的表达方式还有: no matter when 无论什么时候 nbsp; nbsp;nbsp;no matter where 无论什么地方 no matter who 无论谁 no matter how 无论怎么样 4. A young man practised speaking English with Mr. Green. 一位年经人与格林先生练习讲英语。 [用法]practise doing sth. 表示“实践、练习(做)某事”。 [拓展]practice 名词,“实践”、“实施”、“练习”;put a plan into practice 实行某计划。 5. He encouraged everyone to take part in protecting our lakes, rivers, seas and oceans. 他鼓励大家参加保护我们的湖泊、河流和海洋的活动。 [用法]1)encourage 用作动词,意思是“鼓励”、“支持”。 2)take part in“参加”,常表示参加活动。 3)protect 是动词,表示“防御”、“保护”。 [搭配]1)encourage sb. in sth.在某事上鼓励或支持某人

nbsp;encourage sb. to do sth.鼓励某人干某事 2)protect sh. from sth.使某人不受某事侵袭或伤害 6. …to warn people about sharks in the water. ……警告人们当心水里的鲨鱼。 [用法] warn 用作动词,意思是“警告”、“警戒”。 [搭配]1)warn sb.+ that 从句 2)warn sb. of sth. 警告某人某事 3)warn sb. to do sth.告诫某人做某事 4)warn sb. against(doing) sth.告诫某人当心某事/不要做某事 常用动词短语 1.have: have a cold\cough\fever\headache\pain have a great effect on have a good time have a match\meeting\discussion had better do sth have no choice but to do sth have a rest have on 2.make: make a promise make a decision make room for make sense make use of make a face make an effort to do sth make a living make up one’s mind to do sth make a mistake make a noise make a speech make an apology make it a rule make it make into make…out of… make up make of make from make a call 3.take: take a seat take a message for take an interest in take off take on (a new look) take over take steps to do take some measures to do sth take care take charge take part in take place take the place of take turns to do sth take medicine take up 4. go: go cold go hungry be gone go dad want a go go skating\fishing\shopping\swimming go on doing sth go on to do sth go on with sth go down go well go head go out go over go against go without go on a picnic go through 5.get: get down to doing sth get hurt\married\dressed\caught get over get off get ready for get up get in get through get on well with get together get in to the habit of doing get used to doing sth get rid of get tired of 6.put: put on put forward put off put out put up put on weight put away put down 7.play: play an important part in play an important role in play football play the piano 8.keep: keep back keep in touch with keep off keep out keep one’s promise keep up keep up with keep sb from doing keep on doing keep order 9.give: give away give out give off give up give in give some advice on… give a talk on sth give first aid 10.come: come about come across come on come out come to oneself come true come up 11.bring: bring down bring in bring up bring along 12.break: break down break out break away from break up break into break off break in 13.turn: turn down turn to sb turn into turn off turn in turn over turn against

turn away turn on turn up turn out to… 14.look: look out look up look down upon look after look at look for look around look over look as if look forward to doing sth look back upon look into look on 15.do: do sb a favour do up do one’s hair do a good deed do wrong 1.弄清词语自身结构用法学生做题时往往仅限于依据词语的中文含义,简单对照。这样就造成了许多中文 正确,而英语结构上的错误。如“允许某人干某事”,allow sb to do sth,而不可用做 agree sb to do sth.“同意干某事”说 allow doing sth.而 agree 却应为 agree to do sth.再如:“希望某人去干某事”expect sb to do sth.不可说为 hopesbtodosth.“建议某人去干某事”,说 advise sb to do.就不可说是 suggest sb to do sth.这是根据动词自身的基本用法而决定的。这些更需要学习中不断积累。 下面是一些常用动词的不同结构用法: A.以下动词与不定式连用即 afford to do sth .afford,agree,appear,arrange,ask,attempt,care,claim,dare,decide,demand,desire,determine,expect,failhappen, help, hope,intend,learn,man-age,mean,need,offer,plan,pretend,promise,refuse,seem,used,want,wish B.以下动词与动名词连用即 admit doing sth admit,advise,allow,appreciate,avoid,can’t help,consider,delay,dreamof,enjoy,escape,excuse,feellike,finish,forbid,giveup,imagine,insiston,keep,mind,miss, order,persistin,practice,putoff,request,require,risk,stand,stop,suggest C.以下动词与不定式复合结构连用即 advise sb to do sth.advise,allow,ask,beg,callon,cause,consider,dependon,encourage,expect,find,force,get,hate,instruct,invite,like, long for,need,oblige,permit,persuade,prefer,remind,request,require,suppose,waitfor,warn,etc.let,have,make,( 使 役 动 词 后的不定式去掉 to)see,watch,observe,notice,look at,hear,listen to,feel(感官动词后的不定式去掉 to) 常用动词短语 1.have: have a cold\cough\fever\headache\pain have a great effect on have a good time have a match\meeting\discussion had better do sth have no choice but to do sth have a rest have on 2.make: make a promise make a decision make room for make sense make use of make a face make an effort to do sth make a living make up one’s mind to do sth make a mistake make a noise make a speech make an apology make it a rule make it make into make…out of… make up make of make from make a call 3.take: take a seat take a message for take an interest in take off take on (a new look) take over take steps to do take some measures to do sth take care take charge take part in take place take the place of take turns to do sth take medicine take up

4. go: go cold go hungry be gone go dad want a go go skating\fishing\shopping\swimming go on doing sth go on to do sth go on with sth go down go well go head go out go over go against go without go on a picnic go through 5.get: get down to doing sth get hurt\married\dressed\caught get over get off get ready for get up get in get through get on well with get together get in to the habit of doing get used to doing sth get rid of get tired of 6.put: put on put forward put off put out put up put on weight put away put down 7.play: play an important part in play an important role in play football play the piano 8.keep: keep back keep in touch with keep off keep out keep one’s promise keep up keep up with keep sb from doing keep on doing keep order 9.give: give away give out give off give up give in give some advice on… give a talk on sth give first aid 10.come: come about come across come on come out come to oneself come true come up 11.bring: bring down bring in bring up bring along 12.break: break down break out break away from break up break into break off break in 13.turn: turn down turn to sb turn into turn off turn in turn over turn against turn away turn on turn up turn out to… 14.look: look out look up look down upon look after look at look for look around look over look as if look forward to doing sth look back upon look into look on 15.do: do sb a favour do up do one’s hair do a good deed do wrong

常用固定搭配熟记
一、 1. 二、 1. 2. 3. 4. 三、 1. 2. 3. 4. 5. 动词原形 do let sb. do sth./ let sb. not do sth. 动词不定式 to do ask sb. to do sth./ ask sb. not to do sth. tell sb. to do sth./ tell sb. not to do sth. be the +first/second/last/… +n. to do sth. It is +adj.+to do sth. doing finish doing sth./finish sth. practice doing sth./practice sth. do well in doing sth./do well in sth. thanks for doing sth./thanks for sth. be good at doing sth./be good at sth.

how about doing sth./how about sth. what about doing sth./what about sth. be good for doing sth./be good for sth. spend some time/money doing sth. (介词后可加名词、代词,如要加动词则要加其 ing 形式。) 10. Playing basketball is fun.(动词不能做主语;动词的 ing 形式才可以做主语。) 四、其余 1. help sb. to do sth./do sth. help sb. with sth. 2. be busy doing sth./be busy with sth. 3. like to do sth./like doing sth. 4. want to do sth./want to be…/want sth./want sb. to do sth. 5. would like to do sth. 五、介词搭配 1. at noon/at night 2. at a good price 3. at school/at work 4. at 6 o’clock (点的时间前用 at) 5. in the morning/in the afternoon/in the evening 6. in June/in1998(月份、年份前都用 in) 7. be strict in sth./be strict with sb. 8. be good at sth./ be good with sb./ be good for sth. 9. on Saturday (星期前用 on) 10. on June6th.1992 (几月几日前用 on) 11. on Sunday evening(具体某一天的上午、下午、晚上都用 on) 12. on a cold winter afternoon(具体…的上午、下午、晚上都用 on) 13. on the moning of June1st(具体某一天的上午、下午、晚上都用 on) 14. come and see for yourself(for 为了……) 15. be on sale for+ sell/buy…for 300 yuan

6. 7. 8. 9.


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