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英语作业第4次客观题


一、单项选择题(只有一个选项正确,共 40 道小题) 1. – Well done and _______! – Thank you very much! (A) not at all (B) congratulations to you (C) that?s right (D) you are welcome 你选择的答案: B [正确] 正确答案:B 解答参考:[第四单元]B

本题考查对祝贺的表达。由于上文先说做的好,下文又说非常感谢,因此可以判断这里应该对别人的成功表示祝 贺,故选 B。A 和 D 选项是对别人感谢的答语,C 选项表示对别人观点的赞同。 2. – _______ – You too! (A) Merry Christmas! (B) What a beautiful day! (C) Help yourself! (D) It?s very kind of you! 你选择的答案: A [正确] 正确答案:A 解答参考:[第四单元]A 根据答语“You too!”首先可以排除 B 选项。C 选项是别人来做客时请别人自便。D 选项为称赞别人友善。C 和 D 选项的答语都应该是 “Thank you.”。 3. – Thanks for inviting us to dinner.______ – Thank you! It?s so good that you like them. (A) Best wishes to you! (B) Enjoy yourself! (C) Congratulations! (D) Everything tastes great! 你选择的答案: D [正确] 正确答案:D 解答参考:[第四单元]D 根据前后文可知这是在感谢别人邀请就餐。D 选项适时的称赞了餐饮的美味。A、B、C 的答语虽然都可以为 th ank you,但由题干后面 It?s so good that you like them.可知这三项不合语境。A 选项表示对别人的祝福;B 选项用于邀请客人后希望 客人能尽情享受;C 表示祝贺别人的成功等。 4. – I?ve heard that you are going to Thailand? – Yes, I?ll leave on Sunday. – That?s great! _______ – Thank you! (A) Have a nice journey! (B) Watch out! (C) How are you! (D) You are so smart! 你选择的答案: A [正确] 正确答案:A

解答参考:[第四单元]A 根据对话可知是说话者在谈论去泰国的旅程,要表达对他人旅程的祝福,只有 A 选项有这种含义:“希望旅途愉 快”。B 表示“小心!”;C 选项是对近来如何的问候语;D 选项表示称赞他人的聪明。 5. – Welcome to the party! _______ – Thank you! (A) Excuse me! (B) I totally agree with you! (C) How pretty you are today! (D) Which one do you prefer? 你选择的答案: C [正确] 正确答案:C 解答参考:[第四单元]C 由答语可知本题要表达对他人的称赞。其中只有 C 选项符合,表示欢迎他人来参加派对并称赞其装扮。A 选项 表示引起他人的注意;B 选项表示完全赞同他人的观点;D 选项表示询问他人的选择。 6. – Which dress will you choose? – I prefer the red one. – _______ (A) You have a very good taste! (B) I respect your work! (C) You have a very successful business! (D) You wife is very charming! 你选择的答案: A [正确] 正确答案:A 解答参考:[第四单元]A 根据上下文可知,两人是在选衣服,因此 A 选项称赞别人有品味符合题义。而 B、C、D 选项虽然都表示赞叹但 不合语境。 7. – I hope you?ll succeed in everything! – _______ (A) I?m sorry to hear that. (B) It?s a pity. (C) So do I. (D) You?re welcome. 你选择的答案: C [正确] 正确答案:C 解答参考:[第四单元]C 在回答他人的祝福的时候,一般只要说 Thank you 就可以了,但是也可以根据具体语境有不同的回答。本题第 一句话的意思是祝福对方万事成功,C 选项表示“我也希望你万事成功。”A、B 选项一般用于在听到不好的消息的时候做出的反应。D 选 项表示对他人感谢的应答。 8. – Bob, you have a very successful business! ______ – Thank you! (A) You have a good sense of humor! (B) Enjoy yourself! (C) You two make a lovely couple! (D) Well done! 你选择的答案: D [正确] 正确答案:D 解答参考:[第四单元]D 本题考查对他人祝贺的表达,A、C 选项表示赞叹且与语境不相符。B 选项表示邀请别人后希望别人尽情享受。

只有 D 选项符合题义,表示称赞他人做的好。 9. – I?m engaged! – ______ on your engagement! (A) Congratulations (B) Congratulation (C) Congratulate (D) Cheers 你选择的答案: A [正确] 正确答案:A 解答参考:[第四单元]A 本题考查对别人祝贺的表达。根据本题第一句话可知要表达对别人订婚的祝贺。我们一般会用动词 congratulat e sb. on sth.或者用名词复数形式 congratulations (on sth.),故选 A。 10. – I hope you have a most happy and prosperous new year! _______ – Thank you! You too! (A) Merry Christmas! (B) How smart you are! (C) Best wishes to you! (D) Nice going! 你选择的答案: C [正确] 正确答案:C 解答参考:[第四单元]C 本题考查对别人的祝福。首先可以排除 B、D 选项,因其并非祝福用语。根据题干可知是对新年的祝福,因此 A 选项不合语境,故选 C。 11. The change in work patterns could offer a _______ of a better future for work. (A) information (B) organization (C) prospect (D) imagination 你选择的答案: C [正确] 正确答案:C 解答参考:[第四单元] C 本题考查名词词义辨析。information 信息;organization 组织;prospect 前景,前途;imagination 想象【译 文】工作模式的改变可能会带来一个前景更好的未来。 12. No sooner had they got the goods covered up ______ it started raining hard. (A) in (B) than (C) then (D) after 你选择的答案: B [正确] 正确答案:B 解答参考:[第四单元]B 本题考查的是连词固定搭配。No sooner … than 表示“一……就……,刚刚……就……”。【译文】他们刚刚把 货物盖好雨就开始下大了。 13. Many people are struggling at the ______ line, short of food and shelter. (A) poverty (B) poor

(C) hunger (D) hungry 你选择的答案: A [正确] 正确答案:A 解答参考:[第四单元]A poverty line,表示“贫困线”。【译文】很多人都在贫困线上挣扎,缺衣少食。 14. There is an old saying that a little ______ will sink a great ship. (A) blast (B) burst (C) leak (D) sneak 你选择的答案: C [正确] 正确答案:C 解答参考:[第四单元] C “a little(small)leak will sink a great ship”是固定搭配表示“千里之堤溃于蚁穴”。【译文】俗语说:千里之堤溃 于蚁穴。 15. By no means ______ destroy or create energy. (A) we shall (B) shall we (C) can?t we (D) we can 你选择的答案: B [正确] 正确答案:B 解答参考:[第四单元]B 本题考查 by no means 的用法。by no means(决不可能),但放在句首时需要部分倒装,故选 B。【译文】 我们决不可能消灭或创造能量。 16. Mother is ill. Who will ______ the housework? (A) take after (B) take up (C) take out (D) take over 你选择的答案: D [正确] 正确答案:D 解答参考:[第四单元]D 本题考查 take 的词组搭配。take over 接管;take after 相似;take up 开始从事;take out 取出,拿出。因 此选 D。【译文】妈妈病了,谁来接管家务事呢? 17. Flood caused billions of dollars worth of his ______ damage. (A) property (B) treasure (C) goods (D) wealth 你选择的答案: A [正确] 正确答案:A 解答参考:[第四单元]A 本题考查几个近义词的辨析。 property 财产(指个人拥有的东西);treasure 金银财宝(指储藏起来的或搜集 起来的财富);goods 商品,货物;wealth 财富(指大量的东西或大笔的钱)【译文】洪水导致他损失了价值几十亿元的财产。 18. He talked about the ______ experience they had on the trip.

(A) amusing (B) amazing (C) amused (D) missing 你选择的答案: A [正确] 正确答案:A 解答参考:[第四单元]A 本题考查形近词的词义辨析。amusing 有趣的;amazing 令人惊奇的;amused 愉快的,开心的;missing 丢 失的,缺少的。虽然 amusing 和 amused 都表示“有趣,愉快的”意思,但是这里修饰的对象是 experience,因此要用现在分词 amusing, amused 一般用来修饰人。【译文】他谈了在旅途中的有趣经历。 19. The pen I ______ I ______ is on my desk, right under my nose. (A) think; lost (B) thought; had lost (C) think; had lost (D) thought; have lost 你选择的答案: B [正确] 正确答案:B 解答参考:[第四单元]B 本题考查动词时态。题干中几个动词的发生顺序应该是:丢笔――认为笔丢了――现在发现笔在桌上。因此按照 这个顺序时态应该是 had lost (the pen),I thought,(the pen) is on my desk。故选 B。【译文】原以为丢了的那只笔竟然在我桌子 上,就在我眼皮底下。 20. Cost as a ______ in supply is very important. (A) way (B) method (C) factor (D) fact 你选择的答案: C [正确] 正确答案:C 解答参考:[第四单元]C 本题考查名词的词义辨析。way 方法,道路;method 方式,方法;factor 要素,因素;fact 事实【译文】成 本作为供应的一个因素是非常重要的。 21. The world?s ______ mainly consist of the yellow race, the white race, and the black race. (A) citizen (B) habitant (C) people (D) inhabitant 你选择的答案: D [正确] 正确答案:D 解答参考:[第四单元]D 本题考查近义词辨析。citizen 强调公民;habitant 强调居住者, 表个体概念;people 仅仅指人;inhabitant 也指 居民,但却是一个集合名词。【译文】世界上的居民主要包括黄种人,白种人和黑种人。 22. The leader of the town said that their financial ______ of next year is optimistic. (A) vision (B) horizon (C) outlook (D) view 你选择的答案: C [正确]

正确答案:C 解答参考:[第四单元]C 本题考查近义词辨析。vision 视力,视觉,眼力;horizon 地平线,视野,范围;outlook 景色,前景;view 见解,观看【译文】镇长说他们对于明年的财政预期非常乐观。 23. Those students expect their teacher to ______ from disease very soon. (A) cure (B) treat (C) heal (D) recover 你选择的答案: D [正确] 正确答案:D 解答参考:[第四单元]D 本题考查近义词的辨析。cure 表示病的治愈,强调治疗的结果一般用 cure sb. of some disease;heal 也强调 治愈,康复,一般用 heal sb. of some disease;treat 强调治疗的过程;recover 表示“恢复”,recover from 表示“从……中恢复”。【译 文】这些学生期望他们的老师能够从病患中早日康复。 24. For some years after his graduation, he ______ some of his classmates, but as times went by, he dropped them one b y one. (A) catch up with (B) keep up with (C) keep up (D) make up with 你选择的答案: B [正确] 正确答案:B 解答参考:[第四单元] B 本题考查几个与介词 up 搭配的词组含义。catch up with“赶上”(指从后边追上或改变落后状况);keep up with 和……保持联系;keep up 持续,继续,维持;make up with 并非固定搭配。【译文】他毕业后的最初几年还和他的一些同学保 持联系,但随着时间的推移,慢慢地和他们一个个失去了联系。 25. The police will give you ticket, if you ______ the speed limit. (A) expand (B) extend (C) spread (D) exceed 你选择的答案: D [正确] 正确答案:D 解答参考:[第四单元]D 本题考查近义词辨析。虽然这四个词都有“超出”的意思但 expand 强调立体的膨胀;extend 强调平面的延伸;sp read 强调扩展及覆盖;exceed 强调尤指数量上的超过,胜过。【译文】如果你超速,警察将会给你开罚单。 26. They are working together to ______ the whole society. (A) benefit (B) behalf (C) boast (D) broaden 你选择的答案: A [正确] 正确答案:A 解答参考:[第四单元]A 本题考查形近词辨析。benefit vt. 有益于,有助于;behalf n. 利益;boast v. 自夸;broaden v. 放宽。此处 需要填动词,表示“使社会受益”。behalf 通常会用作 on behalf of“代表……的利益”。【译文】他们共同努力为社会做出贡献。

27. Since 1780, when the town?s first hat factory ______ in Danbury, Connecticut, the town has been a center for hat manuf acturing in the United States. (A) were established (B) was establishing (C) had been established (D) was established 你选择的答案: D [正确] 正确答案:D 解答参考:[第四单元]D 本题考查动词的时态。由 since 的出现可知,主句是完成时(has been a center…)since 引导的从句要用一 般过去时。另外制帽厂是被建立因此要用被动态,故选 D。【译文】自 1780 年镇上第一家制帽工厂在康涅狄格的丹勃利成立以来,这个 镇已经发 展成为美国制帽工业的中心。 28. When I saw his smiling face, I knew he_______ good news of his parents. (A) has had (B) had had (C) has having (D) has 你选择的答案: B [正确] 正确答案:B 解答参考:[第四单元]B 本题考查动词的时态。“他”有好消息在前而“我”知道在后,因此 have good news 的时态应该比 knew 在前,因 此用过去完成时,故选 B。【译文】当我看到他微笑的脸庞,我知道他有了关于他父母的好消息。 29. _______ had he gone to sleep, than the telephone rang once again. (A) Hardly (B) Scarcely (C) Just (D) No sooner 你选择的答案: D [正确] 正确答案:D 解答参考:[第四单元]D 本题考查 no sooner than 的固定搭配及其倒装结构。参见 15. 【题解】。【译文】他刚睡着电话铃又响了。 30. I?m still looking for the best way, but here, I?d like to list some points ______ my won experience. (A) in front of (B) in terms of (C) instead of (D) terms of 你选择的答案: B [正确] 正确答案:B 解答参考:[第四单元]B 本题考查和介词 of 搭配的词组含义。in front of 在……前面;in terms of 根据,按照;instead of 代替,而 不是;terms of 不是固定的搭配。【译文】我仍然在寻找最好的方法,但是在这里,我愿意根据我自己的经历列出一些观点。 31. It was in the factory ______ produced TV sets ______ our friends were murdered. (A) which; which (B) that; which (C) that; that (D) where; that 你选择的答案: C [正确]

正确答案:C 解答参考:[第四单元]C 本题考查强调结构 it + be… that…。第一个 that 是关系代词指代 factory,引导定语从句;第二个 that 是强调 句中的 that。【译文】正是在这个生产电视机的工厂,我们的朋友被谋杀了 32. The Great West Development ______ a bridge between China and the rest world. (A) is a matter of (B) is the case of (C) is bound to be (D) is exemplified by 你选择的答案: C [正确] 正确答案:C 解答参考:[第四单元]C 本题考查词组的含义。be bound to 必定,一定;a matter of sth/doing sth 与……有关的情况或问题;be t he case of 是……的问题;be exemplified by 这点反映在以下事实…… 【译文】西部大开发必定成为连接中国和世界的桥梁。 33. Before 1920s, the American women were ______ the right to vote in a large extent. (A) deprived of (B) depriving of (C) persuade of (D) persuading of 你选择的答案: A [正确] 正确答案:A 解答参考:[第四单元]A be deprived of the right to vote 意为“被剥夺选举权” 【译文】在 20 世纪 20 年代以前,大多数的美国妇女都 被剥夺了选举权。 34. He asked who was the man ______ on. (A) to be operating (B) operating (C) to operate (D) being operating 你选择的答案: C [正确] 正确答案:C 解答参考:[第四单元]C 本题考查动词的时态。operate 表示“做手术”。A 选项是将来进行时,如要用这个时态需要有明确的将来时间点。 B 选项如果要表达正在做手术要用 being operating。D 选项的表达不符合语法规范。因此选 C 表示那个将要做手术的人是谁。【译文】 他问那个将要做手术的人是谁。 35. An unexpected gust ______ on us last night. (A) decreased (B) descended (C) declined (D) dropped 你选择的答案: B [正确] 正确答案:B 解答参考:[第四单元]B 本题考查几个近义词的辨析。decrease 强调数量上的减少;descend 除表示“下来,下降”之外,还表示“突然来 访”,一般与 upon/on 连用;decline“下降,下倾”;drop 意为“落下,滴下”。drop by/in/over/round 也表示“顺便来访”。【译文】昨天晚上 一位不速之客突然来到我们家。 36. She ______ soon after dark and arrived home an hour later.

(A) had set out (B) set out (C) have set out (D) had been set out 你选择的答案: B [正确] 正确答案:B 解答参考:[第四单元]B 本题考查动词词组的时态。句子结构是由 and 连接的并列句,因此 set out 的时态应和 arrive 的时态相同。而 a rrive 为一般过去时,因此选 B。需要注意的时 set 的原形、过去式、过去分词同形。【译文】她天一黑就出发,一小时后就到家。 37. As the old empires were broken up and new states were formed, new official tongues began to ______ at an increasing rate. (A) bring up (B) build up (C) spring up (D) strike up 你选择的答案: C [正确] 正确答案:C 解答参考:[第四单元]C 本题考查关于 up 的词组搭配。bring up 培养,养育;build up 建立;spring up 发生,出现;strike up 开始 (与人结识、谈话),开始演奏(或唱歌)【译文】随着旧王朝的瓦解和新国家的建立,新的官方语言开始越来越快地涌现出来。 38. It was not until 1920 ______ regular broadcast began. (A) while (B) which (C) that (D) since 你选择的答案: C [正确] 正确答案:C 解答参考:[第四单元]C 本题考查强调结构 it + be… that…,强调时间状语。【译文】直到 1920 年才有了定时广播。 39. He was ______ with the fear of poverty, so he robbed the bank. (A) obsessing (B) been obsessed (C) obsessed (D) being obsessed 你选择的答案: C [正确] 正确答案:C 解答参考:[第四单元]C 本题考查 obsess 的用法。sb. be obsessed by/with 表示“某人被……附上、缠住、鬼迷心窍”。obsessing adj. 表示“被困扰”,后面一般不接介词。【译文】因为对贫穷的恐惧而鬼迷心窍,他抢劫了银行。 40. Whereas the ______ competitive trading had been conducted by small rival firms then. (A) previously (B) proceeding (C) ancient (D) respectively 你选择的答案: A [正确] 正确答案:A 解答参考:[第四单元]A 本题考查 previously 的词义。此处需要副词修饰 competitive 因此可以先排除 B 和 C,而 respectively 表示“各自

地,分别地”。【译文】而先前颇有竞争性的贸易却已经被当时只是竞争对手的小公司掌控了。

(注意:若有主观题目,请按照题目,离线完成,完成后纸质上交学习中心,记录成绩。在线只需提交客观题答案。) 二、主观题(共 1 道小题) 41. Directions: For this part, you are allowed 30 minutes to write a composition on the topic “A City to Remember”. You sh ould write no less than 80 words. 参考答案:

三、阅读理解、完形填空题(共 5 道小题) 42. Once upon a time there lived a beautiful young woman and a handsome young man. They were very poor, but as they wer e deeply in love, they wanted to get married. The young people?s parents shook their heads. “You can?t get married yet”, th ey said. “Wait till you get a good job with good prospects.” So the young people waited until they found good jobs with goo d prospects and they were able to get married. They were still poor, of course. They didn?t have a house to live in or any f urniture, but that didn?t matter. The young man had a good job with good prospects, so large organizations lent him the mo ney he needed to buy a house, some furniture, all the latest electrical appliances and a car. The couple lived happily ever a fter paying off debts for the rest of their lives. And so ends another modern romantic fable. We live in a materialistic society and are trained from our earliest years to be acquisitive. Our possessions, “mine” and “your s”, are clearly labeled from early childhood. When we grow old enough to earn a living, it does not surprise us to discover t hat success is measured in terms of the money you earn. We spend the whole of our lives keeping up with our neighbors, the Joneses. If we buy a new television set, Jones is bound to buy a bigger and better one. If we buy a new car, we can be sure that Jones will go one better and get two new cars: one for his wife and one for himself. The most amusing thing about this game is that the Joneses and all the neighbors who are struggling frantically to keep up with them, are spending borrowed money kindly provided, at a suitable rate of interest, of course, by friendly banks, insurance companies, etc. [共 5 题] (1) By the fable, the author wants to convey __________. (A) the value of love (B) importance of parents in marriage (C) good job is the basis of a happy marriage (D) we live in a materialistic society 你选择的答案: D [正确] 正确答案:D (2) In the second paragraph the phrase “keep up with the Joneses” means __________. (A) doing something in order to be as good as other people, because they are the best (B) doing something in order to show they have as much money as other people, rather than because they really want to d o it (C) doing something with the Joneses in order to keep them company (D) doing something with the Joneses in order to learn their good points 你选择的答案: B [正确] 正确答案:B (3) According to the passage, which of the following statements is TRUE? (A) We don?t develop the concept of “possession” until the adulthood.

(B) Joneses buy a new TV because the old one is too small. (C) Bigger TV and better cars are bought just to keep up with the Joneses. (D) Friendly banks lend Joneses the money at a very low rate of interest. 你选择的答案: C [正确] 正确答案:C (4) Which one of the following best expresses the main idea of the passage? (A) Joneses and neighbors are spending borrowed money. (B) We live in a materialistic society and are trained from our earliest years to be acquisitive. (C) Our possessions, ?mine? and ?yours?, are clearly labeled from early childhood. (D) We spend the whole of our lives keeping up with our neighbors, the Joneses. 你选择的答案: B [正确] 正确答案:B (5) Which of the following best describes the author?s tone in this passage? (A) Ironic (B) Optimistic (C) Objective (D) Neutral 你选择的答案: A [正确] 正确答案:A 参考答案: [第四单元]; 第 5 小题:A 从整篇文章作者使用的语句,如“… so ends another modern romantic fable;get two new cars: one for his wife and one for himself;borrowed money kindly provided, at a suitable rate of interest, of course, by friendly banks, ins urance companies”可以推断出作者的语气是讽刺的。所以选 A。 43. In all American history, there is no story stranger than that of John A. Sutter. When the independence of California was decl ared in 1846, San Francisco was a small town of some 800 inhabitants. Then, in 1848, gold was discovered on land not far away. This land was owned by John A. Sutter. During the famous Gold Rush of 1849, there was a vast movement of people toward San Francisco and the gold fields. The city grew to three times its size in just a few weeks. Previously a quiet, pleasant town, San Francisco was changed almost overnight into a rough and crowded city. The same factors that operated to change San Francisco also changed the life of Sutter. Sutter was a citizen of Switzerland. He had come, penniless, in the spirit of adventure to the United States. By chan ce, he obtained the rights to a large piece of land, some seventy miles north of San Francisco. Here Sutter established his own private colony. As an intelligent, well-educated man, he built a fort, inside which he established a large trading post. He became a very rich man. Then in 1848, in a stream leading from a mill, one of Sutter?s workmen found some pieces of gold. At first, Sutter tried to k eep the news quiet. He had dreams of becoming richer, perhaps the richest man in the whole world. But, within a few week s, the news about the gold leaked out. Men descended upon his land from all directions. These people killed his cattle, stol e his farm produce and tools, and tore down his buildings to obtain wood to build homes for themselves. The city of Sacra mento sprang up where Sutter?s fort stood. On the site of his saw mill grew up the present city of Coloma. [共 5 题] (1) Which of the following is TRUE about Sutter? (A) Poor as he was, Sutter was full of adventurous spirit. (B) Sutter got his college education in Switzerland. (C) Sutter was a colonist.

(D) Sutter was the richest man in the whole world. 你选择的答案: A [正确] 正确答案:A (2) From the passage we know that __________. (A) Sutter declared the news of gold discovery (B) men descended upon Sutter?s land to explore the gold for him (C) while building a saw mill, Sutter himself found some pieces of gold (D) the city of Sacramento sprang up because of the gold discovery 你选择的答案: D [正确] 正确答案:D (3) The change of both San Francisco and the life of Sutter was due to __________. (A) the movement of people toward San Francisco (B) the independence of California (C) the Gold discovery (D) the spirit of adventure 你选择的答案: C [正确] 正确答案:C (4) __________ attracted people coming from all directions to Sutter?s colony. (A) Sutter?s large trading post (B) Sutter?s wealth (C) The discovery of gold on Sutter?s land (D) Sutter?s intelligence 你选择的答案: C [正确] 正确答案:C (5) What does the underlined world “quiet” mean? (A) With little or no movement or sound (B) Not open or revealed (C) Free from excitement, trouble, anxiety (D) Gentle, not rough 你选择的答案: B [正确] 正确答案:B 参考答案: [第四单元]; 第 5 小题:B 推断题。从上下文可以推断出萨特想要隐藏这个消息,所以选 B,“不公开,不透露”。 44. The automobile has many advantages. Above all, it offers people freedom to go wherever and whenever they want to go. T he basic purpose of a motor vehicle is to get from point A to point B as cheaply, quickly, and safely as possible. However, to most people, cars are also personal fantasy machines that serve as symbols of power, success, speed, excitement, and a dventure. In addition, much of the world?s economy is built on producing motor vehicles and supplying roads, services, and repairs for those vehicles. Half of the world?s paychecks are auto related. In the United States, one of every six dollars spent and one of every six non-farm jobs are connected to the automobile or related industries, such as oil, steel, rubber, plastics, automobi le services, and highway construction. In spite of their advantages, motor vehicles have many harmful effects on human lives and on air, water, land, and wildlife r esources. The automobile may be the most destructive machine ever invented. Though we tend to deny it, riding in cars is

one of the most dangerous things we do in our daily lives. Since 1885, when Karl Benz built the first automobile, almost 18 million people have been killed by motor vehicles. Every ye ar, cars and trucks worldwide kill an average of 250,000 people-as many as were killed in the atomic bomb attacks on Hir oshima and Nagasaki-and injure or permanently disable ten million more. Half of the world?s people will be involved in an a uto accident at some time during their lives. Since the automobile was introduced, almost three million Americans have been killed on the highways-about twice the num ber of Americans killed on the battlefield in all U.S. wars. In addition to the tragic loss of life, these accidents cost American society about $60 billion annually in lost income and in insurance, administrative, and legal expenses. Streets that used to be for people are now for cars. Pedestrians and people riding bicycles in the streets are subjected to n oise, pollution, stress, and danger. Motor vehicles are the largest source of air pollution, producing a haze of smog over the world?s cities. In the United States, they produce at least 50% of the country?s air pollution. [共 5 题] (1) Besides its basic purpose, Car also serves as a symbol of people?s _________. (A) occupation (B) status (C) character (D) reputation 你选择的答案: B [正确] 正确答案:B (2) According to the passage, the average number of people killed annually in traffic accidents around the world is ________ __. (A) 60 million (B) 250,000 (C) 3 million (D) 18 million 你选择的答案: B [正确] 正确答案:B (3) A serious environmental problem resulting from automobiles is _________. (A) tragic loss of life (B) traffic jams (C) air pollution (D) mental stress 你选择的答案: C [正确] 正确答案:C (4) Which of the follow can be inferred from this passage? (A) Automobiles are an important part of the world?s economy. (B) Automobiles are becoming less dangerous. (C) Automobiles will produce less air pollution in the future. (D) Automobiles are killing more people in recent years than in the past. 你选择的答案: A [正确] 正确答案:A (5) The title that suits the passage best is _________. (A) Automobile and Economy

(B) Automobile and the Environment (C) The Problems with the Automobile (D) Advantages and Disadvantages of the Automobile 你选择的答案: D [正确] 正确答案:D 参考答案: [第四单元]; 第 5 小题:D 主旨题。作者以“The automobile has many advantages”开篇,并从运输功能、经济作用等方面说明;然后 以“In spite of their advantages, …”引出了汽车带来的负面影响。所以最好的标题是选项 D,“汽车的好处和坏处”。 45. I don?t know how I became a writer, but I think it was because of a certain force in me that had to write and that finally bu rst through and found a channel. My people were of the working class of people. My father, a stone-cutter, was a man with a great respect and veneration for literature. He had a tremendous memory, and he loved poetry, and the poetry that he lo ved best was naturally of the rhetorical kind that such a man would like. Nevertheless it was good poetry, Hamlet?s Soliloqu y, Macbeth, Mark Antony?s “Funeral Oration”, Grey?s “Elegy”, and all the rest of it. I heard it all as a child; I memorized and learned it all. He sent me to college to the state university. The desire to write, which had been strong during all my days in high school, grew stronger still. I was editor of the college paper, the college magazine, etc., and in my last year or two I was a member of a course in playwriting which had just be en established there. I wrote several little one-act plays, still thinking I would become a lawyer or a newspaper man, never daring to believe I could seriously become a writer. Then I went to Harvard, wrote some more plays there, became obsesse d with the idea that I had to be a playwright, left Harvard, had my plays rejected, and finally in the autumn of 1926, how, w hy, or in what manner I have never exactly been able to determine. But probably because the force in me that had to write at length sought out its channel, I began to write my first book in London, I was living all alone at that time. I had two roo ms-a bedroom and a sitting room-in a litter square in Chelsea in which all the houses had that familiar, smoked brick and cream-yellow-plaster look. [共 5 题] (1) We may conclude, in regard to the author?s development as a writer, that his father _________. (A) made an important contribution (B) provided him with good education (C) opposed his becoming a writer (D) insisted that he memorize good poetry in order to learn how to be a writer 你选择的答案: A [正确] 正确答案:A (2) The author believes that he became a writer mostly because of _________. (A) his special talent (B) his father?s teaching (C) his study at Harvard (D) a strong hidden wish within him 你选择的答案: D [正确] 正确答案:D (3) Which of the following is TRUE about the author? (A) He began to think of becoming a writer at Harvard. (B) He had always been successful in his writing career. (C) He went to Harvard to learn to write plays.

(D) He worked as a newspaper man before becoming a writer. 你选择的答案: D [正确] 正确答案:D (4) The author really started on his way to become a writer _________. (A) when he was in high school (B) when he was studying at Harvard (C) when he lived in London (D) after he entered college 你选择的答案: C [正确] 正确答案:C (5) According to the passage, about the author?s life in 1926 which of the following conclusions CANNOT be safely drawn? (A) He lost the ability to determine in which direction he should go. (B) He was depressed about having his plays rejected. (C) He lived in a house which had smoked brick and cream-yellow-plaster look. (D) He started his first novel. 你选择的答案: A [正确] 正确答案:A 参考答案: [第四单元]; 第 5 小题: 推断题。 A 从文章最后一段“…left Harvard, had my plays rejected…”可以推断作者对于自己的剧作被拒感到沮 丧;从“…in which all the houses had that familiar, smoked brick and cream-yellow-plaster look”可以推断他所居住的房子也是这 样的;从“…in the autumn of 1926”以及“I began to write my first book…”可以推知在 1926 年作者开始写第一本书。而选项 A 在文 章中是没有根据的。所以选 A,“他失去了决定前进方向的能力。” 46. Does money buy happiness? No! Ah, would a little more money make us __(1)__ happier? Many of us would agree. Th ere is, we believe, some connection between having money and feeling fantastic. Most of us would say that, yes, we __(2)_ _ to be rich. Three in four American college students now consider it is “very important” or “essential” __(3)__ they become “very well off financially”. Money matters. Well, are the rich people happier? Researchers have found that in poor countries, such as Bangladesh, being __(4)__ well off does make for greater well-being. We need food, rest, shelter and __(5)__ conta ct. But a surprising fact of life is that in countries where everyone can __(6)__ life?s necessities, increasing affluence matters surprisingly little. The correlation __(7)__ wealth and happiness is “surprisingly weak”, observed University of Michigan resea rcher, Ronald Inglehart, in one 16-nation study of 170,000 people. Once comfortable, more money provides diminishing return s. The second piece of pie, or the second 共 10 题] (1) (A) more (B) less (C) very (D) a little 你选择的答案: D [正确] 正确答案:D (2) (A) would like (B) had better (C) would better (D) had like 你选择的答案: A [正确]

正确答案:A (3) (A) what (B) when (C) that (D) where 你选择的答案: C [正确] 正确答案:C (4) (A) relative (B) relatively (C) relation (D) relate 你选择的答案: B [正确] 正确答案:B (5) (A) social (B) society (C) sociable (D) socialize 你选择的答案: A [正确] 正确答案:A (6) (A) affect (B) afford (C) affair (D) affirm 你选择的答案: B [正确] 正确答案:B (7) (A) among (B) in (C) with (D) between 你选择的答案: D [正确] 正确答案:D (8) (A) special (B) unusual (C) average (D) public 你选择的答案: C [正确] 正确答案:C (9)

(A) in the long run (B) for the long run (C) at the long run (D) on the long run 你选择的答案: A [正确] 正确答案:A (10) (A) over (B) than (C) to (D) instead 你选择的答案: B [正确] 正确答案:B 参考答案: [第四单元]; 第 10 小题:B 这里是一个比较级“… seems less … than …”。整个句子补充完整是“Happiness seems less a matter of getting what we want than a matter of wanting what we have.”(所谓幸福,与其说是得到我们想要的,还不如说是珍惜我们已有 的),故用 than。


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