Unit 3 Back to the past
Reading Lost civilizations
Good afternoon, everyone. It’s my great pleasure to be here sharing my lesson with you. The lecture I choose to illustrate is unit
3, the reading part: Lost civilizations. During my teaching, I will focus on students’ long-term development and enable them to use proper reading skills and strategies. I’ll try my best to get my class alive and encourage the students to talk with each other in English. As for the article 'Lost civilizations', it is about a cultural tour to sites of lost civilizations. The reading text is made up of five travel diaries written by a student about her travel experience in Pompeii and Loulan. Students are expected to gain some information about ancient civilizations, and to practice and strengthen their reading comprehension. The Reading strategy in this unit teaches students how to read diary entries. Students are expected not only to master this strategy, but also to apply it to their future study. Part 1 Teaching aims:
1. Make sure that student understand the text. 2. Help the students develop the ability of reading diary entries. 3. Enable the students to talk about the topic of civilization in English.
Part 2 Difficult points 1. Let students learn how to improve their reading ability and ask them to retell the general idea of the text. 2. How to grasp the usage of important words and phrases. Part 3 Teaching procedures: Step 1 Lead-in I will begin the lesson by showing pictures of some civilizations, such as the Statue of Zeus, the Taj Mahal, the city of Pompeii and the Potala Palace. Then I will ask some students to answer the following questions. (1)Who can give a definition on ‘civilization’? ——It’s about a society, its culture and its way of life during a particular period of time or in a particular part of the world, including architecture, art, literature, thought, religion and so on. (2)Good. Now who can give a definition on ‘lost civilization’? ——It means ancient buildings, cultures and countries that no longer exist now. (3)Can you list some other civilizations that you know?
——The Cotta soldiers and horses in Chin tomb, pyramid So we can see there are so many lost civilizations in the world. And this period, we will mainly focus on two famous lost civilizations; Pompeii and Loulan. Step 2 Scanning & Reading strategy Find the answers to the three questions. Work in pairs. 1. Where are Pompeii and Loulan? Pompeii is in Italy and Loulan is in China. 2. What is one main similarity between the two cities? Both of them became lost civilizations about 2,000 years ago. 3. What was Loulan buried beneath? Loulan was buried beneath the sand. After scanning the text, you must have noticed that there are many dates and place names, Why? —— Yes, because they’re diary entries. But how do we read diary entries? We can turn to page 43 to find the strategies.
When you are reading diary entries recording someone’s travels, you should look for: ⑴ Dates and place names
⑵ Facts and historical information ⑶ Personal feelings and opinions
Later in our reading, let’s pay attention to these points. Now, come back to the passage again. Step 3 Reading & Listening For this part I will give you three tasks: Task 1: Ask the students to read the first diary entry after the tape, and find out the route of their trip. Task 2 ：Listen to the tape and read the diary entries Day 2 and Day 3, then finish the exercises about Pompeii.。 1. What happened to Pompeii on 24 August AD 79? The volcano erupted and lava, ash and rocks poured out of it onto the surrounding countryside. Many people in Pompeii were buried alive, and so was the city. 2. How was the buried city discovered? It was discovered in the 18th century when a farmer discovered a stone with writing on it. People
started to dig in the area. 3. What were the stepping stones along the road in Pompeii used for? With the stones, people did not have to step in the mud on rainy days. 4. What happened soon after the ruins of Pompeii was found? People started to dig in the area for treasure, which caused much damage. Maybe it’s hard for us to imagine how the peaceful volcano destroyed the whole city. Now I’d like to play a short video to make sure you’ll get a vivid impression on the disaster. Task 3: Read the diary entries Day 10 and Day 11, and finish the exercises about Loulan. 5. Why was Loulan an important city about 2,000 years ago? Because it was an important position on the famous Silk Road. 6. How do many people think Loulan disappeared? It was gradually covered over by sandstorms. Step 4 Conclusion & consolidation Compare the two cities; let the students fill in the form.
Compare the two cities
Where was it located? When was it founded?
How was it discovered?
century about 2,000 years ago a wealthy, busy commercial city being buried by sand
In the 18th century, a armer f______discovered a riting stone with w_____ on it, then people started to dig.
Around 1900,the European e______ xplorer Sven Hedin discovered the r____ of it as well uins reasures as a lot of t_______.
In the BC 8th
What kind of city was it? How was it destroyed?
a rich and busy city the eruption of Vesuvius volcano
tepping What can you find Streets with s______ about the city now? stones along the road; several houses which were ecorated d_______ with wall paintings; bodies of people who had been uried b_____ alive.
alaces The city walls, p______, temples, w________ orkshops and towers, an ancient water s______ that ran ystem through the middle of the city.
Consolidation: I will give you several minutes to fill in the blanks with proper words in order to consolidate the learned language points: Both Pompeii in ____and Loulan in China became ___ __________ about 2000 years ago. Pompeii was _______ in the 8th century BC and was _____ ____ by the Romans in 89BC. On 24th Aug. AD79, Mount Vesuvius _______ and many people were ______ _____. Then the city was ________ for many years ____ the 18th century when a ______ found some stone ____ ______ on it. People started to ____ in the area ___ treasure, _______ ( ______ ____ / ______ __ ) much damage. Today, everything is kept as it was before, streets with _______ stones along the road so you don’t have to ____ in the mud __ rainy days. The bodies ______ ______ and ___________, leaving empty spaces in the ____. Loulan, a __________ city, was a ________ _____ on the Silk Road. It disappeared under the _____. There are just a few _____ left. Some ________, including coins and _______ pots, were found. There are also material such as silk, __________ and wall _________. Keys: Italy; lost civilizations; founded; taken over; erupted; buried alive; forgotten; until; farmer;
with writing; dig for; causing(resulting in/leading to); stepping; step on; broken down; disappeared; ash; commercial; stopping point; sand; ruins; treasures; painted; documents; paintings.
Step 5 Discussion (1):How can we avoid such tragedy（悲剧） happening again? (2) Is it useful for people to study things from the past? Why or why not? Sample answers: From my point of view, it is useful for people to study things from the past because knowledge can be transferred and accumulated from generation to generation. People in the past have created magnificent civilizations that no longer exist. It would be a much better world if we had retained all their knowledge. Besides, learning from the past also means learning to avoid making similar mistakes a second time. People have suffered again and again from wars and diseases and perhaps much of the suffering could be prevented. We could have a more peaceful world if we learn from our past failure. Step 6 Homework From the topic of the discussion ask students to think of the importance of protecting the civilizations? Why? Write a short passage about 120 words.
copyright ©right 2010-2020。