江苏省镇江中学 2013 级高一英语备课组
M1U1 Grammar and usage 定语从句（配套课件）学案
一、定语从句及相关术语 1. 定语从句：修饰一个名词或代词的从句称为定语从句，一般紧跟在它所修饰的先行词后 面。 2. 关系词：引导定语从句的关联词成为关系词。关系词有关系代词和关系副词。 关系代词有 that, which, who
, whom, whose, as 等；关系副词有 where, when, why 等。 关系词常有 3 个作用：1)引导定语从句;2)代替先行词;3)在定语从句中充当一个成分。 二、关系代词引导的定语从句 1.who 指人，在从句中做主语 (1) The boys who are playing football are from Class One. (2) Yesterday I helped an old man who lost his way. 2. whom 指人，在定语从句中充当宾语，常可省略。 (1) Mr. Liu is the person (whom) you talked about on the bus. (2) Mr. Ling is just the boy whom I want to see. 注意：关系代词 whom 在口语和非正式语体中常用 who 代替，可省略。 (3) The man who/whom you met just now is my friend. 3. which 指物，在定语从句中做主语或者宾语，做宾语时可省略 (1) Football is a game which is liked by most boys. (2) This is the pen (which) he bought yesterday. 4. that 指人时，相当于 who 或者 whom；指物时，相当于 which.在宾语从句中做主语或者宾 语，做宾语时可省略。 (5) The number of the people that/who come to visit the city each year rises one million. (6) Where is the man that/whom I saw this morning? 5. whose 通常指人，也可指物，在定语从句中做定语 (1) He has a friend whose father is a doctor. (2) I once lived in a house whose roof has fallen in. 注意：whose 指物时，常用以下结构来代替: (3) The classroom whose door is broken will soon be repaired. (4) The classroom the door of which is broken will soon be repaired. (5) Do you like the book whose cover is yellow? (6) Do you like the book the color of which is yellow? 三、介词+关系代词引导的定语从句 。 关系代词在定语从句中做介词宾语时，从句常由介词+关系代词引导。 (1) The school (that/which) he once studied in is very famous. (2) The school in which he once studied is very famous. (3) Tomorrow I will bring here a magazine (that/which) you asked for. (4) Tomorrow I will bring here a magazine for which you asked. (5) We'll go to hear the famous singer (whom/that/who) we have often talked about. (6) We'll go to hear the famous singer about whom we have often talked.
江苏省镇江中学 2013 级高一英语备课组 注意：1. 含有介词的动词短语一般不拆开使用，如：look for, look after, take care of 等 (1) This is the watch which/that I am looking for. (T) (2) This is the watch for which I am looking. (F) 2. 若介词放在关系代词前， 关系代词指人时用 whom， 不可用 who 或者 that； 指物时用 which， 不能用 that；关系代词是所有格时用 whose (1) The man with whom you talked is my friend. (T) (2) The man who/that you talked with is my friend. (F) (3) The plane in which we flew to Canada is very comfortable. (T) (4) The plane in that we flew in to Canada is very comfortable. (F) 3.“介词+关系代词”前可有 some, any, none, both, all, neither, most, each, few 等代词或者数词 (1) He loved his parents deeply, both of whom are very kind to him. (2) In the basket there are quite many apples, some of which have gone bad. (3) There are forty students in our class in all, most of whom are from big cities.
1.The place _______interested me most was the Children's Palace. A. Which A. whom I spoke B. where B. to who spoke C. what C. I spoke to D. in which D. that I spoke 2.Do you know the man _______? 3.This is the hotel _______last month. A. which they stayed C. where they stayed at A. which A. which A. where A. where B. that B. on which B. to which B. that C. when C. in which C. which C. which B. at that they stayed D. where they stayed D. on which D. when D. in which D. there
4.Do you know the year ______the Chinese Communist Party was founded? 5.That is the day ______I'll never forget. 6.The factory ______we'll visit next week is not far from here. 7.Great changes have taken place since then in the factory _______we are working. 8.This is one of the best films _______. A. that have been shown this year C. that has been shown this year A. about which you talked C. about that you talked 10.The pen ______he is writing is mine. A. with which A. whom B. in which B. who C. on which C. which D. by which D. that 11.They arrived at a farmhouse, in front of ______sat a small boy. B. that have shown D. that you talked B. which you talked D. that you talked
9.Can you lend me the book ______the other day?
江苏省镇江中学 2013 级高一英语备课组 12.The engineer ______my father works is about 50 years old. A. to whom A. who A. all that A. which A. who A. that A. I went with A. the novels A. which A. which A. them A. who;/ A. whose title A. for which A. that A. when; which A. which A. in which B. on whom B. who's B. all what B. who B. whom B. as B. with whom I went B. the such novels B. that B. that B. which B./; whom B. its title B. for that B. which B. which; when B. whose B. with which C. with which C. which C. that C. what C. that C. whom D. with whom D. whose D. which D. as D. as D. what D.I went with him D. same novels D. what D. who D. who D./; who D. the title of that D. what D. it D. on which; when D./ D. for which 13.It there anyone in your class ______family is in the country? 14.I'm interested in ______you have said. 15.I want to use the same dictionary ______was used yesterday. 16.He isn't such a man ______he used to be. 17.He is good at English, ______we all know. 18.Li Ming, ______to the concert enjoyed it very much. C. with who I went C. such novels C. whom C. whom C. whom C. whom;/ C. the title of it C. in which C. as C. what; that C. what C. that B. which I have looked after D. I have looked after 19.I don't like ______ as you read. 20.He talked a lot about things and persons ________they remembered in the school. 21.The letter is from my sister, ______is working in Beijing. 22.In our factory there are 2,000 workers, two thirds of ____are women. 23.You're the only person ______I've ever met ______could do it. 24.I lost a book, ______I can't remember now. 25.Last summer we visited the West Lake, ______Hangzhou is famous in the world. 26.I have bought such a watch _______ was advertised on TV. 27.I can never forget the day _______ we worked together and the day ______ we spent together. 28.The way ______he looks at problems is wrong. 29.This is the reason ______he didn't come to the meeting. 30.This machine, ______for many years, is still working perfectly. A. after which I have looked C. that I have looked after
江苏省镇江中学 2013 级高一英语备课组
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