Unit1 &2 of Module 1 二. 重点单词与短语 1. concern （1）n.所关心的人或事；担心，挂念 His greatest concern is the future of his daughter. The report expressed the public’s concerned about/for the nuclear waste.
（2）v.与……有关；涉及；使……担忧 The lecture concerned the environmental protection. What concerns us is that so many children in the area have dropped out of school. concerned a.关心的(about),与……有关的(with) He is never concerned about what is going on with his family and friends. 拓展： have no concern for 毫不关心 be concerned about/for 关心 as/so far as …is concerned 就……而言 concerning prep.关于;有关 考点例题: It’s not necessary for you to be _______ about others’ business . A. concern B. concern yourself C. concerning D. concerned 2. suffer （1）vt.遭受,蒙受(痛苦、疾病、饥饿、损失等) Many provinces in our country suffered a heavy loss in the flood in 1998. （2）vi.(from)因……而受损失，患……病 She is suffering from loss of memory. 拓展： suffering n.痛苦,苦难 sufferer n.受苦者 考点例题:_______ heart attack for years, he is no longer strong. A. Suffer B. Suffering C. Suffering from D. Suffered from 3. include vt.包括,包含,算入…… The tour included a visit to the Science Museum. 拓展： including 介词 词义为“包括，包含” The singer sang a few songs, including two of my favorites = two of my favorites included. 辨析： contain 包括的内容或成分 include 包括整体的一部分 hold 能容纳 The stadium can _________ over 10,000 people. The competition ____________ some foreigners. Module One ____________ five unites. 考点例题： Ten students will pay a visit to the Science Museum, Tom and John ______ _______(include). 4. advice n.意见,建议,忠告 ask sb. for advice 征求某人的意见 follow/take sb’s advice 采纳某人的建议
give/offer sb. advice on 就……给某人建议 a piece of advice 一条建议 much/lots of advice 许多建议 拓展: advise v.建议 advise doing sth.建议做…… advise sb. to do sth.建议某人做…… advise. that sb./sth. (should) do 建议 They strongly advised that the government (should) take some measures to improve the transport. 考点例题: 改错：The Smiths thought of some advice that they went traveling on foot together. 5. request （1）n.请求,要求 We will make a request for help if necessary. His request is that the work(should) be finished as soon as possible. （2）v.请求，要求 request sth. request sb. to do sth. request sth from sb. request that sb./sth. (should) do 6. calm （1）adj.镇静的，沉着的 He remained calm in time of danger. （2）vt.使平静；使安静 You’d better take a deep breath to calm yourself before answering the question. 拓展： calm down 镇静；平静 calm sb. down 使某人镇静 The moment the famous film star appeared on the stage, the excited audience calmed down. 辨析： calm 指无风浪或人的心情平静 quiet 指没有声音，不吵闹 still 指没有运动或动作的状态 silent 指不作声，不讲话 三. 重点短语 1. go through 经历，经受 go through a hard time 经历一段困难时期 go through the baggage 检查行李 go through the newspaper 浏览报纸 拓展： go after 追求，追赶 go ahead 前进；请说（做）吧 go by 走过，（时间）过去 go along with 向前，（与……）一起去 go in for 爱好，从事 go out 外出；（灯，火）熄灭 go over 越过；复习 go up 爬上，（价格等）上升 2. do with 处理 do with pollution 处理污染 have sth./much/nothing to do with 与……有些关系/很大关系/没有关系 拓展： What to do with…. How to deal with…. 3. get along/on with
get along/on with sb.与某人相处 get along/on with sth 某事进展 拓展： get along/on well/ nicely/ badly with 与……相处得好/不好，……进展顺利/不顺利 get away 离开，逃离 get down 下来；写下，取下 get down to (doing)开始认真干…… get off 下（车，飞机），脱下 get over 克服，摆脱 get through 通过，做完 get together 聚集 4. have trouble/ difficulty/ problem with sb./ sth 和某人相处/做某事有困难 He has no trouble with English grammar. 拓展： Have trouble/difficulty/ problem (in) doing sth.做某事有困难 We have some difficulty in dealing with the matter. 四. 重点句型 1. It was the first time in a year and a half that I had seen the night face to face. 这是我一年半来第一次目睹夜晚。 此句为复合句，that 引导定语从句修饰 the first time. It/ This is / was the first /second time that sb. have/ had done sth.某人第一/二次做…… 注意： That 可省略，从句时态需用现在完成时或过去完成时，试翻译： （1）这是总统第一次访问中国。 ________________________________________________________ （2）那是医生第四次劝他戒烟。 ________________________________________________________ 辨析： It is (high/about) time that sb did/should do sth.是某人该干……的时候了 It is high time that you should prepare/ prepared for the coming exams. 1. While walking the dog, you were careless and it got loose and was hit by a car. 遛狗时，你太粗心，狗松扣了而被车撞了。 While walking the dog = while you were walking the dog 在时间、条件、让步状语从句中，如果主句的 主语和从句的主语相同， 且从句中的谓语动词又含有 be 的某种形式， 从句中的主语和 be 可以省略。 When I was traveling in Beijing (=when traveling in Beijing), I happened to meet a former classmate. Though he is over sixty(= though over sixty), he still keeps on studying English. She won’t go to the conference unless she is invited(= unless invited). 2. Why do you think people all over the world want to learn English? 你认为为什么世界各地的人们都想学习英语呢？ 本句为双重疑问名句，do you think 在句中做插入语 注意： 一般疑问句用疑问语序( do you think) 特殊疑问句疑问词置于句首，并用陈述语序； 可用于该句型的动词还有 believe, guess, imagine, ,suppose 等 Who do you suppose is the right person for the job? How many students do you guess have been to the Great Wall?
翻译： （1）他还没有来，你认为他怎么了？ He hadn’t turned up yet. __________ ____________ ________ has happened to him? （2）你认为他们会如何处理这个问题？ How do you suppose _____ ________ ________ _________ the problem? 3. Believe it or not, there is no such thing as standard English. 信不信由你，（世界上）没有什么标准英语。 （1）believe it or not 在句中做插入语，意为“信不信由你；我说的是真的”。 常见的插入语有： generally speaking 一般来说 frankly speaking 坦白地说 judging from 从……来判断 to tell you the truth 说真的；老实说 to be honest 说实在的 to make matters worse 更糟糕的是 （2）such 的用法小结 no such…as 没有这样的…… such as 例如 such…as…像……这样的…… such …that…这样……以致于…… He is reading such a book as you borrowed from the library last week. 他在读的书和你上周从图书馆借来的一样。（ as 是关系代词，引导定语从句） He is reading such an interesting book that I want to borrow it. 他在读的书这么有趣，我想借来读读。（that 引导结果状语从句） 【模拟试题】 一. 用框内所给词组的适当形式完成下列句子（其中两个是多余的） -------------------------------------------------------------------calm down; go through; be concerned about; get along with; hide away; come up; Join in; add up; on purpose; according to; set down; a series of -------------------------------------------------------------------1. His mother ___________ his future and his happiness. 2. We tried to _________ her _______, but she kept shouting and crying. 3. You will have to go over these figures again, they don’t __________ right. 4. I have ____________ everything that happened in my diary. 5. The old man _________ many sufferings during the war. 6. How are you __________ your classmates in the new school? 7. A lot of new questions __________ at the meeting yesterday. 8. There has been __________ car accidents at the crossing. 9. At last, I forgave them because they didn’t do it _________. 10. I think we should adjust your plan ________ the change of circumstances. 二. 根据句子意思写出括号内所给单词的正确形式。 1. Young people like to share their ___________(feel) with friends. 2. I think it fun to eat ____________(outdoor) with many good friends. 3. It is __________(nature) for a child of his age to react like this. 4. When we receive your instructions we shall act ___________(accord).
5. Good ___________(communicate) is of great importance in a large organization. 6. It is time for the _____________(govern) to take measures to deal with the pollution. 7. Easy stories are the best material to teach ____________(rapidly) reading. 8. I’ve got no sense of ____________(direct) at all. 9. He once worked as an ________(edit) in a newspaper. 10. I do ___________(actual) think that things have improved. 三. 根据括号内所给的提示翻译下列句子 1. 他不应该告诉 Tom 这个秘密，但是他没有恶意。(should have done) ________________________________________________________________________________ 2. 孩子们安全到达了山顶。（形容词表状态） ________________________________________________________________________________ 3. 这是我们第一次来到山村去见那些无家可归的孩子。(It is the first time that …)’ ________________________________________________________________________________ 4. 即使我得一路走着去，我也要走到那里。（even if/though） ________________________________________________________________________________ 5. 坐飞机旅行有很多好处，例如方便、舒服、快捷。（such as） ________________________________________________________________________________ 6. 他问她第二天是否在那里。（间接引语） ________________________________________________________________________________ 7. 今天的课是关于语音的。（be concerned with） ________________________________________________________________________________ 8. 在丛林中，为了生存他们被迫采取极端行为。（in order to） ________________________________________________________________________________ 9. 现在我们可以即时与世界另一端的人进行交流。(communicate) ________________________________________________________________________________ 10. 你必须承认我们所面临问题的严重性。(recognize) ________________________________________________________________________________
【试题答案】 一. 1. is/was concerned about 2. calm down 3. add up 4. set down 5. went through 6. getting along with 7. came up 8. a series of 9. on purpose 10. according to 二. 1. feelings 2. outdoors 3. natural 4. accordingly 5. communication 6. government 7. rapid 8. direction 9. editor 10. actually 三. 1. He shouldn’t have told Tom the secret, but he meant no harm. 2. The children reached the top of the mountain, safe. 3. It is the first time that we have come into the mountain village to see the homeless children. 4. Even if/though I have to walk all the way, I’ll get there. 5. There are many advantages of air travel, such as being convenient, comfortable and fast. 6. He asked whether/ if she would be there the next day. 7. Today’s lesson is concerned with pronunciation. 8. In the jungle, they were driven to extremes in order to survive. 9. Nowadays, we can communicate instantly with people on the other side of the world. 10. You mush recognize the seriousness of the problems we are facing. 【励志故事】 被斥责的勤奋 现代原子物理学的奠基者卢瑟福对思考极为推崇。 一天深夜， 他偶尔发现一位学生还在埋头实验， 便好奇地问：“上午你在干什么？”学生回答：“在做实验。”卢瑟福不禁皱起了眉头，继续问：“那晚 上呢？”“也在做实验。” 勤奋的学生本以为能够得到导师的一番夸奖，没想到卢瑟福居然大为光火，厉声斥责：“你一天 到晚都在做实验，什么时间用于思考？” 勤奋的学生遭到斥责，看似委屈，实际上大师是在传授真经啊。很多时候人们宁可让岁月淹没在 仿佛很有价值的忙碌中，却极不情愿拿出时间进行思考，以至于思维在低水平的层次上徘徊，最终 一无所获。 如果说智慧是创造的源泉，那思考便是智慧的起点。 一. 教学内容：一轮知识点复习 Unit 3&4 of Module 1 二. 重点单词与短语 1. persuade vt.说服； 劝服； 使相信 （1）persuade sb.说服某人 Advertisers try to persuade consumers to buy their goods. （2）persuade sb. to do sth.= persuade sb. into doing sth.说服某人做某事 We have persuade him to give up smoking. （3）persuade sb. not to do sth. = persuade sb. out of /against doing sb.说服/劝服某人别做某事 His mother persuaded him not to give up the chance to take part in the competition.
（4）persuade sb. of sth./ that+ clause 设法使某人相信 He failed to persuade the workers of his honesty = to persuade the workers that he was honest. 注意： persuade 强调说服、劝服的结果； 而只表劝说动作不表结果时需用 try to persuade 或换成 advise。 考点例题：persuade/ advise 1）I tried to ________________ my father to give up smoking, but in vain. 2）I __________________ my father to give up smoking, but in vain. 3）He wanted to _______________ his wife to see his cousin, but failed. 4）He _____________________ that they should start at once. 5）Finally she _________________ him into going to the hospital. 1. insist v. （1）坚决要求； 坚决主张 Insist on / upon doing sth.或 insist that-clause,从句动词用(should) do The government insists that waste water (should) be made clean before going into the river. She insisted on our staying there for supper. （2）坚持认为； 坚持说 Insist on / upon doing sth.或 insist that-clause,从句动词用陈述句语序和相应的时态 He insisted on his innocence. (无罪) The farmer insisted that the neighbor had stolen his sheep. 2. determine v.决定； 确定； 下决心 + n. + to do sth. determine + clause + on/upon sht./doing sth. +疑问句+to do sth. You had better determine a date for the meeting as soon as possible. It is unnecessary to determine what each word means while you are reading a passage. I haven’t determined where to spend the seven-day holiday. 拓展： determination n.决心； 决定 determined adj.决然的；果断的 be determined to do 下决心干……=make up one’s mind to do give sb. a determined look 坚定地看某人 a determined man 意志坚定的人 3. familiar adj.熟悉的……；通晓…… The lady looked somewhat familiar, but I could not remember where I had seen her. 拓展： be familiar with…熟悉……；通晓…… be familiar to…对……熟悉的
考点例题：The song is familiar __________me. = I am familiar ___________ the song. 1. rise(rose, risen) （1）vi.上升，起立（床），增长 The amount of money spent in dealing with the problem of pollution keeps rising year by year. （2）n. 上升,上涨，升起 arise in price 涨价 give sb. a rise 给某人提工资 a rise in the cost of living 生活费用的增加 at the rise of the sun 日出之时 拓展： raise vt.举起，提出，提高，饲养 The price of rice has been raised lately. = The price of rice has risen lately. raise chickens 养鸡 rise one’s voice 提高嗓音 raise one’s hands 举起手 考点例题：The living standard of the people in Nanjing ____________ since 1983. A. has raisen B. had been risen C. has risen D. rose 解：选 C. rise 是不及物动词，没有被动语态，而 raise 有被动语态。 2. injure v.受伤，伤害 They were slightly/seriously/badly injured in the crash. Smoking will surely injure one’s health. 拓展： injured adj.受伤的 injury n.伤口，受伤处 hurt(身体部位)感到疼；（肉体或精神上）受到伤害 wound 受伤（枪伤/刀伤）等 harm 意指无形伤害，“对……有害”常指伤及一个人的健康、权利、事业等 damage 主要用于无生命的东西，常指对价值和功能的损坏，可修复。 destroy 意为“毁坏，消灭”，指不可修复的破坏。 Reading in the sun harms your eyes. It hurts me to think that so many people died in the flood. In the battle, hundreds of soldiers were wounded and some were even killed. 考点例题：Although the city had been attacked by the storm several times, _____________was done. A. a few damages B. few destroy C. little hurt D. little damage 三、重点短语： 1. care with 关心，担忧，惦记 What she cares about is her own future. I don’t care about what he is talking about.
拓展： care for 喜欢； 照顾；关心 He had to care for his sister while studying in college. I care much for pop music. 2. change one’s mind 改变主意 It is easy for him to change his mind, so don’t believe him easily. 拓展： make up one’s mind 下决心 keep one’s mind on 专心于 read one’s mind 看出某人的心思 bear/keep sth. in mind 记住某事 speak one’s mind 坦率说出心里话 翻译： 更深入地了解他之后，我改变了对他的看法。 ___________________________________________________________ 3. give in (to)(向……)屈服，让步 I will never give in to difficulties. 拓展： give away 泄露；送掉；赠送 give back 归还 give up 放弃（后接 sth./doing sth.） give off 发出（蒸汽、光等） give out 分发；筋疲力尽 give way to 让位于；妥协 We can’t give way to their demands. He had no choice but to give up going abroad for further education. 4. for one thing…., for another 一方面……另一方面……；一则……再则…… I am not going to Beijing for a holiday with them. For one thing, I have no time; for another, I have been there. 拓展： On (the) one hand, on the other (hand)用以引出相互矛盾的观点和意见 On the one hand, the concert really is worth going to, but on the other hand, the ticket is too expensive 5. tens of thousands of 数以万计的 Tens of thousands of people were watching the game in the stadium when it began to rain heavily. 拓展： hundreds of 数百的 hundreds of and thousands of 成百上千的 thousands of 数千的 millions of 数百万的
dozens of 许多； 大量 scores of 许多； 大量 考点例题； Every year ________ foreign visitors come to China. A. tens of thousands of B. ten thousands of C. over ten thousands D. thousands upon thousands There were ____________ people in the hall. A. two scores of B. scores of C. two and score D. two scores 6. be known/well known as = be famous as 作为……而出名 Shenzhen is well-known as a modern city. 拓展： be known for 因为……而闻名 be known to sb.为……所熟悉 It is known (to all) that…众所周知…… As is known (to all), ….众所周知…… It is well-known to us all it is very important to keep the balance of nature. =As is well-known to us all, it is important to keep the balance of nature. 7. break out(战争、火灾、疫病等)突然发生，爆发 A fire broke out in the supermarket last night. 拓展： break down 出毛病，不运转 break away from 脱离，摆脱…… break in 插话，破门进入 break into 破门闯入 break off 突然终止 break through 突围，突破 考点例题： The fire was put out 15 minutes after it _________________. 8. lose hope 绝望 He never loses hope even when he fails. 拓展： lose heart 泄气；灰心 lose courage 沮丧 lose face 丢脸；受屈辱 lose touch (with sb.)与某人失去联系 lose one’s way 迷路 lose one’s breath 上气不接下气
lose one’s head 昏了头 lose one’s life 丧生，遇害 考点例题： Never _______________________ even after you have failed several times. 四、重点句型 1. It was my sister who first had the idea to cycle along the Mekong River from where it begins to where it ends.是我姐姐首先想到骑自行车沿湄公河从它的源头骑到终点的。 It was …who…引导的是一个强调句型。两个 where 引导的从句均作介词宾语从句。 强调句型结构： It is/was +被强调部分+that/who+其余部分 It was they that put forward the problem at the meeting. It was not until you told me that I realized that she hadn’t turned up yet. What is it that is happening there? 考点例题： Is it in the town ________________ he worked last year ____________ he will set up a company. It wasn’t __________ he came __________ I knew that basketball match would be delayed. I am sure that it is at 10:00______________ the plane for Dalian takes off. 2. While dairy writers try to record how they feel very soon after things happen, journal writers try to better understand what has happened to them much later. 虽然日记作者试图在事情发生后不久就记录他们的感受， 但是日记作者要在很久后才能努力尝试更 好地理解发生在他们身上的事。 while 引导的是一个让步状语从句，how 和 what 引导的均为宾语从句。 while 作连词用法小结： （1）=though/although 尽管，虽然 While I admit that there are problems, I don’t agree that they can’t be solved. （2）与……同时 He listened to music while doing his homework. （3）在……期间，当……时候 He fell off the bike while he was practicing riding. （4）（表对比）而，却 He was against the plan while the majority was/were in favor of it. 考点例题： She has golden hair when she was a child but __________ she got older and older, her hair went darker and darker. A. while B. when C. after D. as
【模拟试题】 一. 用框内所给词组的适当形式完成下列句子（其中两个是多余的） ----------------------------------------------------------------------------be familiar to; change ones’ mind; give in; at an end; dig out; prepare…to…; right away; give out; persuade ..to…; a number of; no wonder; dream of ----------------------------------------------------------------------------1. The student helped the teacher _______________ English papers. 2. It is always the husband who ___________ first when a quarrel breaks out between the young people. 3. In my opinion, Kurt will think it over and ______________. 4. I must warn you that my patience is almost ____________. 5. _____________ letters are never delivered because the addresses are incorrect. 6. The song he sang at the party ____________ all of us. 7. I must remember to ______________ that book for you. 8. John was __________ himself ___________ sit for the examination. 9. When I answered the telephone this morning, I knew _____________ the lady had the wrong number. 10. Have you ever ______________ there being such a good chance for further study abroad? 二. 用括号内所给动词的适当形式完成下列句子。 1. I left him, ______________(determine) never to set foot in that house again. 2. She _____________(insist) that he must go out no more until he was cured. 3. They have to _____________(persuade) to buy a stock, or indeed , sell it. 4. The firemen succeeded in ________________(rescue) three women from the burning house. 5. American airplanes helped _________________(transport) the soldiers to the front. 三. 根据所给提示翻译下列句子。 1. 更深入地了解他以后,我改变了对他的看法。 2. 这次广播是事先录音的，不是现场直播。 3. 他救出了一个快要淹死的人。 4. 那次坠机事件是今年最严重的空难。 5. 我必须努力把生活安排得更有条理。 6. 今天晚上我要跟 Peter 会面。他要带我去看戏。 【试题答案】 一. 1. give out 2. gives in 3. change his mind 4. at an end 5. A number of \ 6. was familiar to 7. dig out 8. preparing to 9. right away 10.dreamed of 二. 1. determined 2. insisted 3. be persuaded 4. rescuing 5. (to)transport 三. 1. Since getting to know him better, I’ve changed my mind about him. 2. The broadcast was recorded in advance, not live. 3. He rescued the man from drowning. 4. The airplane crash was the worst air disaster this year. 5. I must try to organize my life a bit better. 6. I’m meeting Peter tonight. He is taking me to the theater.
【励志故事】 最坚强的东西 世间最坚强的东西是什么？是血肉之躯里深藏着的意志。摆在面前的有这样一个人的履历：他， 21 岁时做生意失败；22 岁时，角逐州议员落选；24 岁时，做生意再次失败；26 岁时，爱侣去世； 27 岁时，一度精神崩溃，曾想到自杀；34 岁时，角逐联邦众议员落选；36 岁时，角逐联邦众议员 再度落选；45 岁时，角逐联邦参议员落选；47 岁时，提名副总统落选；49 岁时，角逐联邦参议员 再一次落选；52 岁时，当选美国第 16 届总统。 这个人，就是阿伯拉罕?林肯——美国历史上最伟大的总统之一。 一.教学内容： 一轮知识点 Modu1e 1 Unit 5 & Module 2 Unit 1 二. 重点单词与短语 1. active adj.积极的，灵活的，活性的 Over seventy as he is, he is still active. I can’t tell whether it is an active volcano. 拓展： be active in 在……方面活跃，积极参加 take an active part in 积极参加 act n./v.行为，举动，行动 action n.行为，做法 activity n.活动 actor/ actress n.（男女）演员 2. continue v.继续，持续，延续 continue + n. continue to do /doing sth. The road continues as far as we can see. We can’t continue to work/working with all that noise going on. 拓展： continue 指“原来做的事现在还在做或有中断，然后继续做下去”； go on 后接 to do sth.表继续做另一件事；后接 doing sth.表继续做同一件事；go on with sth.继续干某 事 last 指“持续长久”。 The weatherman says that the fine weather will last a week. 3. reward (1)n.报答，奖赏，报酬 He worked hard in hope of getting a financial reward. (2)报答；酬谢 The old lady rewarded the boy with a smile. They will be rewarded for what they have done.
拓展： as a rewarded for …作为对……的报酬 give/offer a reward to sb. for sth.为某事而酬谢某人 reward sb. for sth./doing sth.为某事而酬谢某人 4. remain vi.保持，仍是。后常跟形容词、名词、介词短语及 v.-ed 或 v.-ing Mr. Smith remained active/ expressionless/ single/fat. They remained friends/ partners/ competitors. The coal mine（煤矿）reminds closed/ working regularly. 注：remainder n.残余；剩余物 考点例题：remain, stay, keep Her answer ____________”No” even after we begged her to reconsider. I _______________ forgetting to turn the answering machine on. How long is he planning to ______________ with you? 5. wonder (1)n.惊奇，奇迹 It’s a wonder (that) you recognized me. (It’s) No wonder he is not hungry; he has been eating sweets all day. (2)wonder 作动词常用于以下词组及句型： wonder +从句“自忖……，自问……，不知道……(想知道)” Tom wondered why he was wanted by the police. (3)wonder +if 从句“请问您是否……”（用于礼貌地提出请求） (4)wonder at 对……感到惊奇 I wonder at his rudeness. 6. doubt (1)n.怀疑；不确定； 不信任 There is no doubt about sth./ that ….毫无疑问…… without doubt 确定地；无疑地 Without doubt, we will defeat them. (2)v.对……无把握，怀疑 I don’t doubt that …我肯定……（=I’m sure/certain that…） I doubt if/whether …我不确定……（=I’m not sure/certain if/whether…） 翻译：毫无疑问，他将为他所做的受到处罚。 ___________________________________________________________ 7. consider vt. (1)考虑(=think about) consider doing sth./sth.考虑做某事 I consider finding a new job.
(2)认为（=regard …as….） consider sb./sth. as / to be… We consider him as our wise leader. consider it +形容词+ to do sth….认为做某事是…… I consider it necessary to remind him of his bad behaviour. (3)考虑到；体谅（=take…into account/consideration） considering…考虑到…… 注：considerable adj.相当多的；相当大的 considerate adj.考虑周到的；体贴的 consideration n.考虑 考点例题： Mr. Smith ____________________ the best English teacher in our school.（consider） 三. 重点短语： 1. in trouble 处于困境中，有麻烦 He is ready to help those who are in trouble. 拓展： get into trouble 遇到麻烦 make trouble 制造麻烦 ask for trouble 自找麻烦 have trouble in doing sth.做某事有困难 save trouble 省事 take great trouble to do sth.不辞劳苦做某事 put sb. to the trouble of doing sth.麻烦某人做某事 考点例题：If you don’t study hard, you will have big trouble ___________(find) a job. 2. out of work/ a job 失业 He lost his job the year before last, that is to say, he has been out of work for nearly two years. 拓展： at work 在工作 off work 在休班 after work 下班后 go to work 去上班 out of habit 出于习惯 out of breath 气喘吁吁 out of date 过期；过时 = out of fashion out of control 失去控制 3. think highly of = have a good opinion of 看重；高度评价 They think highly of your work abilities. 拓展： What do you think of sb./ sth.?你认为某人/物怎么样？ think much/well of 对……评价良好
think nothing of 对……无所谓；不把……当回事 think badly/poorly of 对……评价不高 think of sb./ sth. as…把……某人/物当作…… 4. rather than 不是别的，而是…… Rather than idle away his youth doing nothing in the large company, he started his own small business. He ran rather than walked. 拓展： would rather do sth…than do sth…宁愿做……；而不愿做……=prefer doing…to doing…) other than = except for 除了……； 而非 There is nobody here other than me. 考点例题： This crop doesn’t do well in soils ____the one for which it has been specially developed. A) beyond B) rather than C) outside D) other than 解：other than 意思是：不同于，除……之外；rather than 意思是：而不是。根据句意：除了这块专 门为它培育的土壤，这种作物在其它土壤上都生长不好。应选择 D. 四. 重点句型 1. we were put in a position in which we had either to accept we were less important, or fight the Government. 我们被置于这样一种境地，或者是被迫承认我们低人一等，或者是与政府作斗争。 这是一个主从复合句，in which 引导定语从句，修饰先行词 position。 类似的名词还有 situation, stage, case 等，作先行词时，可用 where 引导定语从句 Can you think of a situation where you once felt embarrassed? 拓展： 介词+关系代词 which 在定语从句中充当时间、地点、原因状语，相当于关系副词 when, where 和 why。 He is the boss of the restaurant where （= in which） we often have lunch. Today when （= on which） the product will be put into use will come soon. The reason why（= for which） he was late for school was unbelievable. 考点例题： The place __________ the bridge is supposed to be built should be _______ the cross-river traffic is the heaviest. A. which ; where B. at which ; which C. at which; where D. which; in which 2. Only then did we decide to answer violence with violence. 只有在这时，我们才决定用暴力反抗暴力。 此句为倒装句。only 修饰状语（副词、介词短语、状语从句）置于句首时，句子需要倒装。 Only when it rains do I take a bus to school. Only there did we once see him. 3. Later, Catherine II had the Amber Room moved to the Palace outside St Petersburg where she
spent her summers. 后来，叶卡捷林那二世派人搬到了圣彼得堡郊外她避暑的宫殿中。 have sth. done 有两种含义 （1）让某事被别人做 （2）承受，蒙受……之后果，如： I’ll go to the hospital to have my eyes examined (by the doctor). 拓展： have sb. do sth.叫某人做某事(=ask sb. to do sth.) Who did you have put up the poster? have sth./sb. doing 让……一直做某事 Don’t have the machine working too long. 句型 have sth./sb. doing sth.侧重描绘或展现情景，因此，v.-ing 后一般跟有时间或方式状语 There nothing too serious with your leg. I’ll have you walking around in a week. 【模拟试题】 一. 用框内所给词组的适当形式完成下列句子（其中两个是多余的） ------------------------------------------------------------------------be willing to; be active in ; blow up; at war; belong to; in return for ; in search of; look into; be considered as; think highly of; in trouble; as a matter of fact ------------------------------------------------------------------------1. The hungry boy rushed into the house___________ something to eat. 2. I knew him when we were in college __________ we were on the same course. 3. A working party has been set up and will _________ the problem soon. 4.The boy’s father __________ the man who saved his son from the lake. 5. Mr. Smith ___________ the best English teacher in our school. 6. Those countries have been __________ for a long time. People there suffer a lot. 7. I work hard ___________ those who care for me, help me and love me. 8. The students ___________ help the old woman clean the house. 9. Generally speaking, boys ___________ sports, because they love to go out and run. 10. The soldiers __________ the bridge in order to cut off the enemy’s escape into the mountains. 二. 用括号内所给动词的适当形式完成下列句子。 1. The official ordered the murderer be ________________(sentence) to death right away. 2. In the past, women had no right to _____________(vote) in many counties. 3. We ____________(reward) the boy with a lovely present for bringing back our lost dog. 4. Many people devoted themselves to ____________(design) a torch for the game. 5. He ____________(remove) his trousers and I found the wound. 6. My parents have always __________(accept) me just as I am. 7. All US citizens in the area have been _____________(advise) to return home. 8. Who can ____________(prove) that China has more people than any other country in the world? 9. Only women and children _____________(remain) in the village when the men went out to work. 10. He ____________(pretend) to be doing his homework when he saw his mother come in.
三. 根据括号内所给提示翻译下列句子。 1. 毫无疑问，他将为他所做的受到处罚。(doubt) 2. 他不可能把书带回家，因为他所有的书都在桌子上放着呢。(情态动词+have done) 3. 我拿不准这礼物是谁的。(belong to) 4. 她给了我们食物和衣服，没要求任何回报。（in return） 5. 一旦被加热，琥珀可以被制成各种形状。(连词+分词结构) 6. 她假装病了，请了一天假。（pretend） 7. 专家建议我们立刻采取行动与空气污染作斗争。（advise, fight） 8. 我承认那架飞机除了坠海之外，别无他法。（accept; choice） 【试题答案】 一. 1. in search of 2. as a matter of fact 3. look into 4. thinks/thought highly of 5. is/were considered as 6. at war 7. in return for 8. are willing to 9. are active in 10. blew up 二. 1. sentenced 2. vote 3. rewarded 4. designing 5. removed 6. accepted 7. advised 8. prove 9. remained 10. pretended 三. 1. There’s no doubt that he will be punished for what he has done. 2. He can’t have taken his books home for all of them are lying on the table. 3. I am not quite sure who /whom the gift belongs to. 4. She gave us food and clothes and asked for nothing in return. 5. Once heated , the amber can be made into any shape. 6. She pretended to be ill and took a day off work. 7. The expert advised us to take immediate action to fight against air pollution. 8. I accept that the plane has no choice but to crash into the sea. 【励志故事】 索尼：不迷信专家 近几年，日本索尼公司在招聘大学生时，对学校名称采取“不准问，不准说，不准写”的“三不”方 针。公司认为，在激烈竞争和多变时代，企业需要各种人才，只有将各种不同的人聚集在一起，才 能更好地发挥创造性，开发出新产品。只在少数名牌大学中招聘人才，会使企业失去活力。索尼公 司的创始人之一的井深大说：“我从不迷信专家，专家倾向于争辩你为什么不做或不能做某种事情， 而我们经常强调的是从无到有去实干。”因此，索尼喜欢思想敏锐、不墨守成规、勇于探索创新的 人，他们鼓励科技人才“跳槽”，可以在公司任何部门寻找新的职位，“毛遂自荐”参与项目的开发研 究。公司认为，这种人思想开放，思维活跃，兴趣广泛，具有创造意识和创新精神，是实干家而不 是空谈家，有培养和发展前途，应加以重用。
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