Learning about Language & Using Language
Ⅰ.单词识记 1．________/'setl/vi.安家，定居，停留vt.使定居；安排，解决 2．________/'s?f?/vi. & vi.遭受，忍受，经历 3．________/rI'k
?v?/vi.& vt.痊愈，恢复，重新获得 4．________ n.十九岁的青少年
5．________/Ig'z?ktlI/adv.确实如此，确切地 6．dsagree vi.________
7．dislike /dIs'laIk/ n. & vt.________ ________
8．tip/tIp/ n．________ ________ ________ ________ vt.________ ________
10．item/'aIt?m/ n．________ ________ 答案 意 交换 1.settle 2.suffer 3.recover 4.teenager 5.exactly6.不同 9.
1．____________ 遭受，患病 2．____________从??中恢复，康复 3．____________厌倦，对??厌烦 4．____________装箱，打包
6．communicate with sb____________ 7．have trouble with sth/in doing sth____________ 8．fall in love with sb____________
9．join in____________ 10．make friends with sb____________
3.be/get tired of
5.get along with 与某人相爱
Ⅲ.句型搜索 1．She found it difficult to settle and calm down in the hiding place. 她发现在藏身之处很难静心安居下来。 [信息提取] find＋it(形式宾语)＋宾补＋真正宾语(不定式/从 句)结构。 [例句仿写] 我发现很容易与他相处。 I find ________ ________ ________ ________ ________ ________ him.
2．Mother asked her if/whether she was very hot with so many clothes on. 妈妈问她穿这么多衣服是否很热。 [信息提取] with复合结构：with＋宾语＋宾补 [例句仿写] 那个小偷被双手捆在身后带进来了。 The thief was brought in ________ ________ ________ ________ ________. 3．I hate others gossiping. 我讨厌别人说闲话。 [信息提取] hate＋复合宾语(由动名词的复合结构充当) [例句仿写] 我喜欢鸟儿黎明的歌唱。 I like ________ ________ at dawn.
4．I do want to change this situation, but I don't know how. 我确实想改变这种状况，但不知该怎么去改变。 [信息提取] do强调谓语动词want，“的确，确实”。 [例句仿写] 我确实知道你是个好人。 I ________ ________ ________ you are a good man.
5．I'm having some trouble with my classmates at the moment. 目前我和同学们(相处)有些麻烦． [信息提取] have
?with sb/sth ? trouble? ??in?doing sth ?
和??有麻烦/做某事有麻烦 [例句仿写] 很遗憾你在交朋友方面有困难。 I'm sorry you are ________ ________ ________ ________ friends. 答案 1.it easy to get along with 2.with his hands tied 5.having trouble in
back3.birds singing making
4.do know that
1．settle vt. & vi. (settled, settled, settling, settles) (1)vt. ①安放，安顿，安排，料理 He settled his child in a corner of the hall. 他把孩子安顿在大厅的一个角落里。 ②使(自己)安下心来，使(心情)平静下来 After the excitement, I tried to settle myself. 激动过后，我设法使自己平静下来。
Since it is so difficult, who can settle the problem? 题目这么难，谁能解决？ (2)vi. ①稳定下来，平静/镇定下来(＋down/to) It's midnight, but I can't settle to my report. 半夜了，可我还安不下心来写报告。
She dicided to settle down and marry.
②停留 The bird settled on a branch.鸟儿落在树枝上。 ③安家，定居，移民 The family has settled in Canada.这家人已定居加拿大。
【归纳拓展】 settle sth 处理某事，决定某事
settle to do sth 决定做某事
settle that... 决定??
settle down 定居；坐下来 settle in 迁入(新居) settle with 与??结账，与??清账 settlement n. 解决；协议(书)；定居点 settler n. 移民者，殖民者，开拓者
【单项填空】 ①The Browns decided to ________ in the montain village since it
was quiet and the air was fresh to breathe.
A．set down C．turn down 解析 B．settle down D．calm down
set down记下，写下；turn down关小，调低，拒绝；calm
②They will ________a new house next week. ③You should ________and write your article alone. ④He ________his affairs before leaving. ⑤I shall ________the bank in no more than a week.
④settled ⑤settle with
2．suffer vt.& vi.(suffered，suffered，suffering，suffers)忍受；
I will not suffer such conduct.我不能容忍这种行为。 The company suffered a heavy loss because of the credit crisis(信用 危机)． 由于信用危机，这家公司遭受了重大损失。 She is suffering from a headache.她正遭受头痛之苦。
【归纳拓展】 suffer from 苦于；患……病
suffer from cold and hunger
suffer from a bad stomach suffer/experience pain suffer/experience defeat
常是pain，loss，punishment，wrong，hardship，disappointment， injustice(不公正)，grief(悲痛)，insult(侮辱)，defeat(失败)等。 suffer from/with后一般跟伤痛、疾病等。
The old man ________________enough. He ________________ ________cold and hunger when he was young. Now his son's death brought him ________________. 答案 has suffered; had suffered from; more suffering
3．recover vi. & vt.痊愈；恢复；重新获得
How can Linda recover from her illness in this room when it's so dirty and dusty? 这个房间如此肮脏、尘土飞扬，琳达在这里怎能从病中康复呢？ I hope you will soon recover.希望你早日康复。
Many cities and villages were recovered by the people's army in
that year.那一年人民的军队收复了许多城市和村庄。 She made a great effort to recover herself. 她努力使自己镇定下来。
【归纳拓展】 recover sth 重新获得某物
recover oneself 镇定下来
recover from 从……中恢复过来 recovery n．[U，C] 恢复，痊愈，复苏
①He ________ ________(使自己镇定下来)enough to speak calmly when he gave a speech in public. ②She ________________ ________(重新获得平衡 )and went on running. ③After a few days of fever, she ________________ ________(开始 恢复)．
②recovered her balance
4．disagree vi.不同意，不一致，不适宜，不适合 Few people would disagree that something should be done to reduce the level of crime in the area. 很少有人会不同意应采取行动减少该地区的犯罪。[剑桥高阶]
I disagree with you about/on this.
disagree with sb on/about sth (对某事)与某人意见不一致 sth disagree with sb (气候、食物)不适合某人 agree with sb 同意某人(某人的话)
agree to 同意??(他人的观点、计划等)
agree on 同意??(就??达成一致) agree to do sth 同意做某事 agreement n. 一致；同意；协定；协议 disagreement n. 意见不一，分歧，争论
用agree on, agree to, agree with, disagree with的正确形式填空
①I have told you I ________carry out your plan, so why are you
still upset? ②Although the students didn't ________the teacher, they all followed his order. ③We have discussed this issue for a long time, but we still can't
④In general, we always share the same opinion, but this time he ________me on that point. 答案 ①agreed to ②agree with ③agree on ④disagreed with
(1)vt.不喜欢，厌恶(不用于进行时，只能接动名词作宾语) Almost everyone dislikes being treated badly. 几乎每个人都不喜欢被虐待。 (2)n.不喜欢，厌恶
The little boy has a dislike for reading.
那个小男孩不喜欢读书。 We all take a dislike to those who think themselves great. 我们都厌恶那些自以为了不起的人。
like n. & vt.
likes and dislikes like doing/to do sth 【一目了然】
She shares her mother's dislikes of housework, so she dislikes being
asked to do any of it. But she likes dancing very much and
especially likes to dance with her friends after supper.
hate 感情色彩 表示“喜欢”，既可跟动名词也可跟不定式作
Mr. White dislike ________ like that because he has a strong dislike ________rudeness. A．being spoken; for C．to be spoken; of 解析 B．to speak; of D．being spoken to; for
怀有强烈的反感。”dislike doing sth，此处为被动形式，have a
He gave her some tips on the care of her new car.
关于如何护理她的新车，他给她了一些建议。 He had a mole on the tip of his nose. 他的鼻尖上有颗痣。 After having the meal，we left a tip on the table.
(2)v.(使)倾斜；给??小费 The boat tipped to one side.
The lady tipped the taxi driver one dollar. 这位女士给了出租车司机一美元小费。 I'm sorry I tipped the bottle. 抱歉，我把瓶子打翻了。
Ignoring the warm tip on the beer bottle, I tipped over it when I tried to open it for a customer. I hurt the tip of my finger, so the customer gave me more tips to comfort me. __________________________________________________________ __________________________________________________ 答案
1．get/be tired of 对??厌烦 I've got tired of sitting in front of the computer; let's go for a walk.
Tom is tired of that history book which is dull and endless. 汤姆厌烦了那本枯燥乏味，无休无止的历史书。 注意：①get tired of强调动作；be tired of强调状态。 ②get在此处为系动词，意为“变得，遭到”等意思，如get rid of,
get used, get married, get hurt, get killed等。
be tired from/with 因……而疲倦?某事做多了，身体上承受不了，
累了? be tired of 对……厌烦?某事做多了，心理上不愿再接受，相当于 become/be no longer interested in ? tire out 使……疲倦不堪,tired adj. 厌倦的，疲劳的
tiring adj. 使人疲劳的，累人的
tiresome adj. 令人厌烦的，烦人的,tireless adj. 不知疲倦的，精力
①________ of dealing with the ________children, he asked his sister to help look after them. ②It was a ________job. We were ________out but our leader seemed to have ________ energy.
①Tired, tiresome ②tiring, tired, tireless
2．pack up (1)装箱打包，整理行装
Do you need me to help you pack up?
你需要我帮你整理行装吗？ As soon as I graduated, I packed my bags and moved to the west of China. 一毕业我就收拾行李去了中国西部。
(2)停止工作，收工 It was time to pack up. 收工了。
a pack of 一帮，一伙，一群，一包 These persons all had packs on their backs. 这些人都背着背包。 A pack of reporters were waiting outside for the latest news.
【单项填空】 The workers ________the glasses and marked on each box “This
A．carried C．pressed 解析 答案 B．delivered D．packed
?sb 与某人相处 ? with? ?sth 某事进展/进行 ?
①along可用on来替换，若表示“与某人相处得如何或某事进 展得怎么样”，可在with前加well, nicely或badly等。 ②get along/on可单独使用，表示“进展情况”。 I'm not getting on very fast with my job. 我的工作进展不太快。 He and his brother have never really got on. 他与兄弟一直合不来。 Are you getting along well with your classmates? 你和同学们相处得好吗？
get away with 做(坏事)而不受惩罚；偷携某物 潜逃 get away from get across get down to doing sth get out of 摆脱，逃避?? 被理解，把??讲清楚 开始，着手做某事 逃避，摆脱??
get through get up
【单项填空】 ①After that he knew he could ________any emergency(紧急情况)
by doing what he could to the best of his ability.
A．get away with C．get through 解析 B．get on with D．get across
②Mr. Smith is a person who is not easy ________. A．to get along with C．to get along B．to get on D．get along with
4．join in 加入，参加 They are going to join in the singing match. 他们将参加唱歌比赛。
Will you join me in buying a present for her?
join in/join/take part in/attend
“参加”，其宾语一般是竞赛、娱乐、游戏等活动， join in 也可不加宾语 通常指参加某组织或团体，并成为其中的一员，其宾 join 语往往是人(群)或the army, party, team, club等
part in 并在其中发挥一定的作用，in后要加宾语
选词填空(join/join in/take part in/attend) ①He ________the Labor Party when the party won the election.
②A lot of people ________her wedding on Oct 10.
③In early days only men were allowed to ________the Olympic Games. ④Why not ________our conversation to have a discussion? ⑤He laughed loudly, and after a few seconds, many people at the
答案 in ①joined ②attended ③take part in ④join in ⑤joined
5．fall in love 相爱，爱上 They fell in love with each other at first sight.
They have been in love with each other for almost five years. 他们彼此相爱将近五年了。 注意：fall in love 表动作，不延续，故不与时间段的状语连用。 be in love 表状态，可延续，可与表示一段时间的状语连用。
①Jack fell in love with Mary two years ago. →Jack and Mary ________ ________ __________________each other for two years. ②The old couple have been in love with each other for almost 50 years. →The old couple ________ ________ ________________since their
first meeting 50 years ago.
答案 ①have been in love with ②have been in love
1．She was very hot with so many clothes on.她因穿了太多衣服而 (感到)很热。
句中with so many clothes on是with复合结构，作状语。
with复合结构归纳如下： ①构成：with＋宾语＋宾补。 ②位置：常在句首、句末，有时也在句中。 ③功能：作状语、定语。
He likes to sleep with the window open.(作状语；形容词作宾补) With her son away from home, she was worried.(作状语；副词短语 作宾补) She came in with a baby in her arms.(作状语；介词短语作宾补)
With a local guide leading the way,we got there easily.(作状语，现
With the problem settled we went on smoothly.(作状语；过去分词 作宾补) With her husband to help her,she worked it out.(作状语；不定式短 语作宾补)
The girl with a bag on her back went happily to school.(作定语；介
【单项填空】 With all the magazines I needed ________， I left the bookstore. A．buying C．bought 解析 B．to buy D．to be bought
2．I am having some trouble with my classmates at the moment.现
have (no)trouble with sth/in doing sth做……无/有困难，此结构中 的trouble可用difficulty替换。 We have no trouble in finishing the work because our teacher helped us.
I had some trouble with my English. 我学英语有点困难。
【单项填空】 You don't know the trouble we had ________back home in the
A．walking C．walked 解析 答案 B．to walk D．being walk
考查have trouble (in) doing sth结构。 A
3．Although I try to talk to my classmates, I still find it hard to
make good friends with them.尽管我努力与同学们交流，但我仍然 发现很难和他们交朋友。 (1)该句为复合句，although引导让步状语从句。 (2)句中使用了“find＋it(形式宾语)＋名词/形容词(宾补)＋真正宾 语(不定式/从句)”结构。 They found it necessary to settle the problem at once.
He found it important to study the situation in Russia. 他发现研究俄国的形势是重要的。
(1)能用it作形式宾语的动词有：consider, feel, find, guess, imagine,
make, think等。 (2)在作形式主语/宾语时不能使用其他代词，如：this, that等。
【单项填空】 ________ life in a new country can be difficult, I think ________fun
and challenging to work here.
A．If; it C．Once; this 解析 B．Although; it D．Because; that
and challenging作宾补，to work here为真正的宾语。
4．Why not have a try？为什么不试一试？
Why not do...是Why don't you do...的省略，用来提建议。 Why not stay for a cup of tea? 为何不留下喝杯茶呢？
①—I'm so tired, working all morning on the farm.
—Why not take a rest then? —________. A．Because I can't afford it B．Maybe I should
C．I don't know
D．Sorry, I can't tell you 解析 答案 由语境知，应由B来对应对方的建议。 B
②—Will you join us in the game? —Thank you, ________
A．but why not
B．but I'd rather not C．and I won't D．and I'll join 解析 由上下文可判断这里是对别人邀请的回答。but I'd rather
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