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【英语】高考预测试题(1)·阅读表达题


【英语】高考预测试题(1)·阅读表达题 一、阅读下面短文,掌握其大意,然后从各题所给的A、B、C、D四个选项中,选出最佳选 项。 A   The Internet has led to a huge increase in credit-card fraud. Your card information could even be for sale in an illegal web site.   Web sites offering cheap goods and services should be regarded with care.   On-line shoppers who enter their credit-card information may never receive the goods they thought they bought. The thieves then go shopping with your card number - or sell the information over the Internet. Computers hackers have broken down security systems, raising questions about the safety of cardholder information. Several months ago, 25, 000 customers of CD Universe, an on-line music retailer(零售商), were not lucky. Their names, addresses and credit-card numbers were posted on a Web site after the retailer refused to pay US $157, 828 to get back the information.   Credit-card firms are now fighting against on-line fraud. Mastercard is working on plans for Web - only credit card, with a lower credit limit. The card could be used only for shopping on-line. However, there are a few simple steps you can take to keep from being cheated.   Ask about your credit-card firm's on-line rules: Under British law, cardholders have to pay the first US $78 of any fraudulent(欺骗性的) spending.   And shop only at secure sites; Send your credit-card information only if the Web site offers advanced secure system.   If the security is in place, a letter will appear in the bottom right-hand corner of your screen. The Website address may also start https: //-the extra "s" stands for secure. If in doubt, give your credit-card information over the telephone.   Keep your password safe: Most on-line sites require a user name and password before placing an order. Treat your passwords with care. 1. What do most people worry about the Internet according to this passage?   A. A lot of stolen credit-cards were sold on the Internet.   B. Fraud on the Internet.   C. Many Web sites are destroyed.   D. Many illegal Web sites are on the Internet. 2. What is the meaning of "fraud"?   A. Cheating. B. Sale. C. Payment. D. Safety. 3. How can the thieves get the information of the credit card?   A. The customers give them the information.   B. The thieves steal the information from Web sites.   C. The customers sell the information to them.   D. The thieves buy the information from credit-card firms. 4. How many pieces of advice does the passage give to you?   A. Four. B. Three. C. Five. D. Six. 5. You are shopping on the site: http: // www. Shopping. com, and you want to buy a TV set, what does this article suggest to do?   A. Order the TV set at once.

  B. Do not buy the TV set on this site.   C. E-mail the site your credit-card information.   D. Tell the site your password and buy the TV set for you.    B   Self-employed private physicians who charge a fee for each patient visit are the foundation of medical practice in the United States. Most physicians have a contract relationship with one or more hospitals in the community. They send their patients to this hospital, which usually charges patients according to the number of days they stay and the facilities(operating room, tests, medicines that they use). Some hospitals belong to a city, a state or, in the case of veteran's hospitals, a federal government agency. Others are operated by religious orders(教会) or other non-profit groups.   Some medical doctors are on salary. Salaried physicians may work as hospital staff members, or residents, who are often still in training. They may teach in medical schools, be hired by corporations to care for their workers or work for the federal government's Public Health Service.   Physicians are among the best paid professionals in the United States. In the 1980s, it was not uncommon for medical doctors to earn incomes of more than $ 100 000 a year. Specialists, particularly surgeons, might earn several times that amount. Physicians list many reasons why they deserve to be so well rewarded for their work. One reason is the long and expensive preparation required to become a physician in the United States. Most would be physicians first attend college for four years, which can cost nearly $ 20 000 a year at one of the best private institutions. Prospective physicians then attend medical school for four years. Tuition alone can exceed $ 10 000 a year. By the time they have obtained their medical degrees, many young physicians are deeply in debt. They still face three to five years of residency(实习阶段) in a hospital, the first year as an apprentice physician. The hours are long and the pay is relatively low.   Setting up a medical practice is expensive, too. Sometimes several physicians will decide to establish a group practice, so they can share the expense of maintaining an office and buying equipment. These physicians also take care of each other's patients in emergencies.   Physicians work long hours and must accept a great deal of responsibility. Many medical procedures, even quite routine ones, involve risk. It is understandable that physicians want to be well rewarded for making decisions which can mean the difference between life and death. 1. According to the passage, it is very unlikely that an American hospital is owned by _______.   A. a church B. a corporation C. a city D. a state 2. The expenses for becoming a doctor are spent on _______.   A. schooling and retraining B. practice in a hospital   C. facilities he or she uses D. education he or she receives 3. According to the passage, how long does it take for a would-be physician to become an independent physician in the USA?

  A. About seven years. B. Eight years.   C. Ten years. D. About twelve years. 4. Sometimes several physicians set up a group medical practice mainly because _______.   A. there are so many patients that it is difficult for one physician to take care all of them   B. they can take turns to work long hours   C. facilities may be too much of a burden for one physician to shoulder   D. no one wants to assume too much responsibility 5. Which of the following statements could fully express the author's view towards physicians' payment in the USA? A. For their expensive education and their responsibility, they deserve a handsome pay.   B. It is reasonable for physicians to have a large income because their work is very dangerous.   C. Physicians should be better paid because they work long hours under bad conditions.   D. Physicians have great responsibility, so it is understandable that they should be well rewarded. C   The common cold is the world's most widespread illness, which is plagues(疫病) that flesh receives.   The most widespread fallacy(谬误) of all is that colds are caused by cold. They are not. They are caused by viruses passing on from person to person. You catch a cold by coming into contact, directly or indirectly, with someone who already has one. If cold causes colds, it would be reasonable to expect the Eskimos to suffer from them forever. But they do not. And in isolated arctic regions explorers have reported being free from colds until coming into contact again with infected people from the outside world by way of packages and mail dropped from airplanes.   During the First World War soldiers who spent long periods in the trenches(战壕), cold and wet, showed no increased tendency to catch colds.   In the Second World War prisoners at the notorious Auschwitz concentration camp(奥斯维辛集中营), naked and starving, were astonished to find that they seldom had colds. At the Common Cold Research Unit in England, volunteers took part in Experiments in which they gave themselves to the discomforts of being cold and wet for long stretches of time. After taking hot baths, they put on bathing suits, allowed themselves to be with cold water, and then stood about dripping wet in drafty room. Some wore wet socks all day while others exercised in the rain until close to exhaustion. Not one of the volunteers came down with a cold unless a cold virus was actually dropped in his nose.   If, then, cold and wet have nothing to do with catching colds, why are they more frequent in the winter?Despite the most pains-taking research, no one has yet found the answer. One explanation offered by scientists is that people tend to stay together indoors more in cold weather than at other times, and this makes it easier for cold viruses to be passed on.

  No one has yet found a cure for the cold. There are drugs and pain suppressors(止痛片) such as aspirin, but all they do is relieve the symptoms. 1. The writer offered _______ examples to support his argument.   A. 4 B. 5 C. 6 D. 3 2. Which of the following does not agree with the chosen passage?   A. The Eskimos do not suffer from colds all the time.   B. Colds are not caused by cold.   C. People suffer from colds just because they like to stay indoors.   D. A person may catch a cold by touching someone who already has one. 3. Arctic explorers may catch colds when _______.   A. they are working in the isolated arctic regions   B. they are writing reports in terribly cold weather   C. they are free from work in the isolated arctic regions   D. they are coming into touch again with the outside world 4. Volunteers taking part in the experiments in the Common Cold Research Unit _______.   A. suffered a lot B. never caught colds   C. often caught colds D. became very strong 5. The passage mainly discusses _______.   A. the experiments on the common cold   B. the fallacy about the common cold   C. the reason and the way people catch colds   D. the continued spread of common colds 二、书面表达 就"The Power of Praise"这个主题进行议论并发表你的看法, 至少包括如下要点: 1) 在你周围,人们对赞美的看法和做法。 2) 你的观点如何?你怎么做?举例说明赞美的力量。 注意: 1.词数120词左右; 2.可适当增加细节以使行文连贯; 【参考答案】   一、阅读 A   (1-5 BABAB)     【答案与解析】本文介绍了网上黑客人员盗用信用卡资料进行欺骗的行为以及我们该 怎样防卫的措施。   1. B。推断题。根据文章第1段第1句(因特网已导致使用信用卡欺骗行为大量增加)可 推知此题答案为B。   2. A。词义猜测题。根据第1段第2句(你的卡上资料可能会在网上非法出售)和第4段 最后一句(可采用下列步骤防止受欺骗)可推知此题答案为A。   3. B。推断题。根据文章第2段的提醒(当心那些提供便宜商品或服务的网址)可推知 此题答案为B。也可采用排除法:根据文章内容,排除A和C(并且此两项也不合情理);根 据文章第4段第1句可知选项D也不正确。因此选B。   4. A。细节题。根据对文章第五、六、七、八段的归纳可推知此题的答案为A。   5. B。细节题。根据文章倒数第2段中的说明:安全的网址应在电脑的右下角有一个 小字母,或在网址中有一个字母S,而问题中的网址中没有字母S,从而可推知此题答案为

B。    B 1-5 BDDCA   【答案与解释】在美国,医师是高报酬职业之一。这是由于他们需要较长时间的学习 和高学费投入的缘故。   1. B。语义理解题。从第 1 段最后两句话中可得出答案。   2. D。主旨题。从第 3 段的最后部分中可得出答案。   3. D。计算题。从第 3 段的 Most would be physicians first attend college for four years... Prospective physicians then attend medical school for four years...They still face three to five years of residency 可知答案为 D。   4. C。细节题。从第 4 段第2句可找到答案。 5. A。主旨题。通读全文便知高额学费和职业风险是医师获得高报酬的原因。 C 1-5 BCDAC   【答案解析】本文通过大量事例证明感冒不是由寒冷引起的, 而是由病毒感染引起 的。   1. B。细节题。根据由第 2 段的两个例子、第 3 段的 1 个例子和第 4 段的两个例 子可知 B 为正确选项。   2. C。细节题。 根据 One explanation offered by scientists is that people tend to stay together indoors more in cold weather than at other times, and this makes it easier for cold viruses to be passed on 可知人们得感冒不是因为喜 欢呆在家里,而是因为经常呆在一起病毒更容易感染,故选 C。   3. D。细节题。根据 And in isolated arctic regions explorers have reported being free from colds until coming into contact again with infected people from the outside world by way of packages and mail dropped from airplanes 可知 北极地区探险者是因为与外界接触后才得感冒的,故选 D。   4. A。细节题。根据 After taking hot baths, they put on bathing suits, allowed themselves to be with cold water, and then stood about dripping wet in drafty room. Some wore wet socks all day while others exercised in the rain until close to exhaustion 可知志愿者要遭受极大的痛苦,故选 A。   5. C。主旨题。阅读全文可知本文首先用大量事例从不同的侧面分析感冒不是由寒冷 引起的,最后提出冬天得感冒的可能原因。由此可知 C 为正确答案。 二、书面表达 参考例文: Those who are in a low mood can be encouraged by praise. Though people are pleased to receive praise, they are not accustomed to expressing their appreciation of others' effort and achievement in their presence. We Chinese are considered to be reserved in this respect.    In my opinion, we should never grudge giving our praise and gratitude in our daily life since it warms us up and helps build our confidence and interest in things that we are engaged in. I can well remember the encouraging smile on my teacher's face when I made some progress and was praised in class. How powerful the praise was! Math used to be my worst subject but with the

teacher's encouragement, I changed my attitude and became confident and now I am doing fine in the subject.    Since praise can work magic, let's get ready to give it as well as get it every day.

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