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江苏省射阳县第二中学2015-2016学年高一下学期开学期初考试英语试题


射阳县第二中学 2016 年春学期高一期初考试 英语试卷
命题人:黄士龙 总分 100 分 时间 80 分钟 第一卷 (选择题 满分 65 分) 第一部分:英语知识运用(共三节,满分 65 分) 第一节:单项填空(共 15 小题;每小题 1 分,满分 15 分) 从 A、B、C、D 四个选项中,选出可以填入空白处的最佳选项,并在答题卡上将该项涂 黑。 1.—Do you

think Steven will ________ at the party tomorrow? —As far as I know, he is busy recently. He must come to celebrate your birthday, though. A. pick up 2.He accidentally couple of weeks. A. let out B. took care C. made sure D. made out B. make up C. turn up D. mix up

he had quarreled with his wife and that he hadn?t been home for a

3.--- I hear that Jane has achieved great success. --- ________ and __________. A. So she has; so have you C. She has so; so have you B. So she has; so you have D. So she does; so do you

4.The China National Environmental Monitoring Center ____ air quality in urban areas from levels one to five: excel-lent, fairly good, slightly polluted, poor and dangerous. A. distributes B. arranges C. classifies D. divides

5.He is______ about his chances of winning a gold medal in the Olympics next year. A. optimistic B. curious C. outgoing D. obvious

6.What you said just now has ______ the matter we are discussing. Let?s come to the point. A. something to do about C. something to do with A. as ; as B. That; that B. nothing to do about D. nothing to do with C . as ; that D. whom; as

7. He is such a lazy man ____ nobody wants to work with ____ he has no friends.

8.Mother often tells me not to _______ anyone, even if he is not well educated. A. look out for B. look down upon

C. look back on

D. look forward to

9. What _______ it will be when you _______ on the white sand in the warm sun! A. funny; lie B. fun; lie C. a fun; lie D. funny; lay

10.“If you go on stealing, you will ________ you bright future, young man!”said the judge. A. destroy B. damage C. ruin D. break

11 Earth Day is _______ to be a day when every person promises to do something to help take care of our world. A. struggled B. supposed C. supported D. suggested

12. I?ll do _____ I can to help you. Which of the following is wrong? A. all that B. what C. all D. that

13.The Rockies are ___________bears and mountain lions. A. a home to B. homes of C. a home of D. home to

14.Ming and Qing Tombs have ________ relatively undamaged. They, ________, have suffered some damage from centuries of exposure, war, fire and deliberate destruction. A. been remained, however C. existed, therefore B. survived, though D. left, thus

15. ________ her faults, she?s Arnold?s mother. Don?t be so rude to her. A. Whatever C. Whichever B. Anything that D. Whenever

第二节:完形填空(共20小题;每小题1分,满分20分)? 阅读下面短文,从短文后各题所给的 A、B、C、D 四个选项中,选出最佳选项,并在答 题卡上将该项涂黑。 I used to hate being called upon in class mainly because I didn?t like attention drawn to myself. And 16 otherwise assigned (指定) a seat by the teacher, I always 17 to sit at

the back of the classroom. All this 18 after I joined a sports team. It began when a teacher suggested I try out 19 because I didn?t have a good

for the basketball team. At first I thought it was a crazy sense of balance, nor did I have the 20

to keep pace with the others on the team and they 21 for it”, I wouldn?t have

would tease me. But for the teacher who kept insisting on my “

decided to give a try. Getting up the 22 to go to the tryouts was only the half of it! When I first started 24 23

the practice sessions, I didn?t even know the rules of the game, much Sometimes I?d get stupid. 26 25

what I was doing.

and take a shot at the wrong direction—which made me feel really 27 on

, I wasn?t the only one “new” at the game, so I decided to

learning the game, do my best at each practice session, and not be too hard on myself for the things I didn?t 28 “just yet”. 29 30 and the “moves”. Being part of a team in me was winning over my lack of 31 — friends who

I practiced and practiced. Soon I knew the was fun and motivating. Very soon the competitive

confidence. With time, I learned how to play and made friends in the

respected my efforts to work hard and be a team player. I never had so much fun! With my gone from 34 32 “33” self-confidence comes more praise from teachers and classmates. I have in the back of the classroom and not wanting to call attention to myself, 35 I had the

raising my hand— even when I sometimes wasn?t and not 100 percent

right answer. Now I have more self-confidence in myself. 16. A. as 17. A. chose 18. A. continued 19. A. saying 20. A. right 21. A. looking 22. A. strengths 23. A. attending 24. A. worse 25. A. committed 26. A. Interestingly 27. A. try 28. A. want 29. A. steps 30. A. part B. unless B. agreed B. settled B. plan B. ability B. going B. knowledge B. preparing B. later B. separated B. Obviously B. act B. do B. rules B. roles C. until C. meant C. changed C. belief C. chance C. cheering C. courage C. enjoying C. less C. embarrassed C. Fortunately C. rely C. know C. orders C. mind D. though D. hoped D. started D. idea D. patience D. applying D. competence D. watching D. further D. confused D. Hopefully D. focus D. support D. games D. value

31. A. movement 32. A. improved 33. A. dreaming 34. A. to 35. A. lucky 第三节 阅读理解

B. operation B. expressed B. playing B. for B. happy

C. process C. preserved C. hiding C. with C. satisfied

D. situation D. recognized D. relaxing D. by D. sure

阅读下列短文 , 从每题所给的四个选项 ( A 、 B 、 C 、 D ) 中 , 选出最佳选 项,并在答题卡上将该项涂黑。(共15小题;每小题 2 分,共30 分) A When I got up, Mom was already awake. I could hear her doing something in the kitchen. It was my birthday, and I was afraid what if my husband had neglected to take Mom shopping for a card? Once Mom found out it was my birthday, she would be sad that she had forgotten it and had nothing to give me. She even couldn?t remember what we did two hours ago. Birthdays are not a big deal to me. I hate growing older. I don?t mind if Mom forgets my birthday as long as she still remembers me. That someday she might not recognize me has been my biggest fear ever since Mom got dementia(痴呆). I can?t imagine anything more terrible than being forgotten by your own mother. When Mom suffered from dementia seven years ago, I was told she did not have Alzheimer?s disease. I hoped that meant she would never forget her family. But as Mom?s dementia became worse, I realized that I had no idea whether dementia could be as bad as Alzheimer?s. The sleeping house was quiet except for the sound of Mom?s washing the bowls left last night in the kitchen. Will Mom live long enough to forget me? Will the day come when she no longer worries about remembering my birthday because she no longer knows that I exist? In the kitchen, Mom heard me go near. She hurried to the door, her face ringing with smiles. “ Happy birthday to you,” she sang. We laughed as I hugged(拥抱) her tight and both of us were very surprised that she had remembered it. Moments later, she said, “Oh, there seems to be something for you.” She gave me her card. My husband did, after all, take her shopping. The birthday-for-a-daughter card was filled with expressions of love in blue ink.

36. How did the writer feel about Mom?s dementia? A. Helpless. B. Anger. C. Hopeful. D. Sure.

37. The text mainly stresses(强调) importance of________. A. good physical health B. a happy family C. birthday gifts D. mother?s love

38. When the writer?s mother sang a birthday song to the writer, she felt_______. A. sad B. satisfied C. surprised B The 20th century witnessed some of the most surprising achievements as far as the field of science and technology is concerned. Among_these,_the_Indians_account _for_a_significant share_of_the_pie. Srinivas Ramanujan (18871920) Ramanujan's great mathematical findings were beginning to be appreciated from 1915 to 1919. But his achievements were to be fully understood much later, well after his death in 1920. For example, his work on highly composite numbers (高合成数) with a large number of factors started a whole new line of researches in the theory of such numbers. Meghnad Saha (18931956) Meghnad Saha belonged to an outstanding group of Indian scientists whose contributions revolutionised diverse branches of knowledge and earned global recognition. He introduced the teaching of Nuclear Physics in Calcutta University at a time when the world had not even witnessed the impact of Nuclear Energy. Together with S. N. Bose, he made the first English translation of Einstein's papers on relativity. C. V. Raman (18881970) Raman's discovery that molecules scatter light is known as the Raman effect. It is used to study the internal structure of the molecules. Early in his life Raman carried out and published extensive research on acoustics (声学) and optics (光学). He received the Nobel Prize for his wellknown Raman effect in 1930. Dr Hargobind Khorana ( 1922) Khorana shared the Nobel Prize in Medicine or Physiology in 1968 with Marshall W. Nirenberg and Robert W. Holley for cracking (破译) the genetic code. His researches have opened up a new branch called genetic engineering in science. In 1970 he became the Alfred Sloan Professor of Biology and Chemistry at the Massachusetts Institute of Technology where he continued his work. Apart from the Nobel Prize, Khorana has won many awards and honors for his achievement. 39.What does the underlined sentence mean in Paragraph 1? A.The Indians like to make pie. B.Many most surprising achievements in science and technology are made by Indians. D. Pitiful

C.The Indians receive all of most surprising achievements in science and technology. D.The Indians play a significant role in sharing the pie. 40.Whose contributions were NOT well received when he was alive? A.Srinivas Ramanujan's. C.C. V. Raman's. B.Meghnad Saha's. D.Dr Hargobind Khorana's.

41.Dr Hargobind Khorana mainly researched into ________. A.mathematics B.relativity C.genetic code D.optics

42.What would be the best title for this passage? A.Indian Scientific Achievements B.Indian Contributions to the World

C.Famous Indian Universities in History D.Famous Indian Scientists in the 20th Century C Cyberspace, the connections between computers in different places, considered as a real place where information, messages and pictures exist, mirrors the real world in many ways. People ask for information, play games, and share hobbies. Others buy and sell products. Still others look for friendship, or even love. Unlike the real world, however, your knowledge about a person is limited to words on a computer screen. Identity and appearance mean very little in cyberspace. Rather, a person?s thoughts—or at least the thoughts they type—are what really count. So even the shyest person can become a chat room star. Usually, this “faceless” communication doesn?t create problems. Identity doesn?t really matter when you?re in a chat room discussing politics or hobbies. In fact, this emphasis(强调,重视) on the ideas themselves makes the Internet a great place for exciting conversation. Where else can so many people come together to chat? But some Internet users want more than just someone to chat with. They?re looking for serious love relationships. Is cyberspace a good place to find love? That answer depends on whom you ask. Some of these relationships actually succeed. Others fail miserably. Supporters of online relationships state that the Internet allows couples to get to know each other intellectually first. Personal appearance doesn?t get in the way. But critics of online relationships argue that no one can truly know another person in cyberspace. Why? Because the Internet gives users a lot of control over how others view them. Internet users can carefully craft

their words to fit whatever image they want to give. And they don?t have to worry about what their “nonverbal” (非言语交际的)communication is doing for their image. In a sense, they?re not really themselves. All of this may be fine if the relationship stays in cyberspace. But not knowing a person is a big problem in a love relationship. With so many unknowns, it?s easy to let one?s imagination “fill in the blanks.” This inevitably(不可避免地) leads to disappointment when couples meet in person. How someone imagines an online friend is often quite more different than the real person. So, before looking for love in cyberspace, remember the advice of Internet pioneer Clifford Stoll: “Life in the real world is far richer than anything you?ll find on a computer screen.” 43. According to the passage, chatting in the cyberspace ________. A.needs people to be rich in knowledge C. allows people to discuss politics secretly B. puts emphasis on people?s thoughts D. stresses more about people?s identity

44. People who are against online love think ________. A. it is hard to protect the other ?s identity B. the faceless communication is exciting C. what is said online is under control of the Internet D. one may not show the real self in cyberspace 45. By saying “With so many unknowns, it?s easy to let one?s imagination ?fill in the blanks?”, the writer means that ________. A. the Internet makes it easy for people to imagine how others view them B. the Internet allows people to get more information about their loved ones C. people usually get to know each other by chance through the Internet D. people may be disappointed when they meet in person 46. We can infer from the last paragraph that Clifford________. A. demands to develop the computer system B. supports to look for love in the real life C. encourages people to enjoy modern life D. believes it hopeless to find love online D Alan Tong was the worst driver in town. He had an accident of some kind almost every week.

Alan lived with his mother. His mother was always worried about him. Every day she worried that police would appear to arrest him. This wasn?t a foolish worry because they usually visited Alan?s house about once a week to send a speeding ticket or to serve him notice to appear in court(法庭). Most of his accidents were caused by his carelessness. He drove through red lights. He turned left or drove at night without proper lights. He overtook other cars on hills. In short, there wasn?t a traffic rule that Alan had not broken, and he had had so many accidents that it was a surprise that he was still alive. But luckily for Alan, he had never hurt anyone in his accidents or even gone to the hospital. Although Alan wasn?t popular with the police, he was very popular with his lawyer. Alan?s lawyer, Mr.Tsui, had earned a lot of money from Alan?s cases and always felt very excited when he saw Alan coming into his office. One day Alan was working in the garage, painting his car when his mother walked in. “What are you doing?” his mother asked. “Painting my car,” Alan replied. “I can see that,” his mother said, “but why are you painting one side of the car red and the other side blue?” “Because every time I have to go to court for a traffic crime, there are always two witnesses (目击证人) . “What color was the car?” the judge always asks, and the two witnesses always give the same answer. Well, in the future, one witness will say it was blue. Mr. Tsui will then say to the judge, “Your honor, the witnesses cannot even agree on the color of the car involved in the accident.” And the judge will have to dismiss the case against me. 47. Which of the following is true of Mr. Tsui? A. He always volunteered to help Alan. B. He was popular with the police. C. He was good friends with Alan. D. He looked forward to Alan?s visit. 48. What was Alan doing when his mother walked in the garage? A. Painting his car all red. C. Painting the garage. B. Painting his car two colors. D. Cleaning his car.

49. What is the purpose of what Alan did to his car in the last paragraph?

A. To confuse the evidence against him. B. To help the judge in court. C. To make the witnesses agree. D. To leave a good impression in court. 50. What?s the meaning of the underlined word “dismiss” in the last paragraph? A. Remove. B. Continue. C. Reconsider D. Accept.

第二卷写作(满分 35 分) 第一节:任务型阅读(共 10 小题;每小题 1 分,满分 10 分) 根据所读内容在文章后表格中的空格里填入最恰当的单词。 注意: 每空格只填 1 个单词。

D. R. Gaul Middle School is in Union, Maine, a blueberry-farming town where the summer fair finds kids competing in pig scrambles and pie-eating contests. Gaul, with about 170 seventh- and eighth-graders, has its own history of lower level academic achievement. One likely reason: Education beyond the basic requirements hasn't always been a top priority for families who've worked the same land for generations. Here, few adults have college degrees, and outsiders (teachers included) are often kept at a respectful distance. Since 2002, Gaul's students have been divided into four classes, each of them taught almost every subject by two teachers. The goal: To find common threads across disciplines to help students create a big picture that gives fresh meaning and context to their classwork -- and sparks motivation for learning. Working within state guidelines, each team makes its individual schedules and lesson plans, incorporating non-textbook literature, hands-on lab work and field trips. If students are covering the Civil War in social studies, they're reading The Red Badge of Courage or some other period literature in English class. In science, they study the viruses and bacteria that caused many deaths in the war. Team teaching isn't unusual. About 77 percent of middle schools now employ some form of it, says John Lounsbury, consulting editor for the National Middle School Association. But most schools use four- or five-person teams, which Gaul tried before considering two-person teams more effective. Gaul supports the team concept by "looping" classes (跟班) so that the same two teachers stick with the same teens through seventh and eighth grades. Combining teams and

looping creates an extremely strong bond between teacher and student. It also, says teacher Beth Ahlholm, "allows us to build an excellent relationship with parents." Ahlholm and teammate Madelon Kelly are fully aware how many glazed looks they see in the classroom, but they know 72 percent of their eighth-graders met Maine's reading standard last year -- double the statewide average. Only 31 percent met the math standard, still better than the state average (21 percent). Their students also beat the state average in writing and science. And in2006, Gaul was one of 47 schools in the state to see testing gains of at least 20 percent in four of the previous five years, coinciding roughly with team teaching's arrival. A Classroom With Context Being a farming town, it(51) Problems of the school (52) little in education before.

education is considered less important. rather than open to the

The community is relatively(53) outsiders. The division of . classes is made

and

students

are

well(54) Ways of solving the problems

Individual schedules and lesson plans are(55) team. A strong(56)

by each

between teacher and student is established

through combining teams and looping. 72 percent of the eighth-graders(58) standard. Signs of (57) (59) percent higher than the state average in maths Maine's reading

the school beating the state average in writing and science four of the previous five years(60) gains at least 20 percent test

第二节、书面表达。 (25 分)

散步是一种良好的锻炼方式,它对我们的健康非常有益。请以“Walking Fit”为题写一篇120词左右的英语短文,介绍一下散步的好处以及你的建议。

to

Keep

_______________________________________________________________________________ _______________________________________________________________________________ _______________________________________________________________________________ _______________________________________________________________________________ _____________________________________________________________________

……………………………………装……………………………………订…………………………………………线……………………………

射阳二中 2016 春高一期初测试英语试题 答题纸 第一节:任务型阅读(共 10 小题;每小题 1 分,满分 10 分) 51____________52____________53_______________54______________55_____________

座位号____________

56____________57____________58_______________59______________60_____________

考试号_____________

第二节、书面表达。 (25 分)

_______________________________________________________________________________ _______________________________________________________________________________ _______________________________________________________________________________ _______________________________________________________________________________ _______________________________________________________________________________ _______________________________________________________________________________ _______________________________________________________________________________ _______________________________________________________________________________ _______________________________________________________________________________ _______________________________________________________________________________ _______________________________________________________________________________ _______________________________________________________________________________ _______________________________________________________________________________ ___________________________________________________

班级__________

姓名______________

学号___________

射阳二中 2016 春高一期初测试英语试题 高一英语试题参考答案

I.单选 1-15 CAACA DCBBC BDDBA II.完形 16-35 BACDB BCACD CDCBA CACAD

阅读理解(共 20 小题;每小题 2 分,满分 40 分) 36-38 ADC 任务型阅读。 51. achieved conducted 56. tie / connection 57. success 58. reaching 59. 10 / ten 60. witnessing 52. Further 53. closed 54. motivated 55. adopted / 39-42 BACD 43-46 BDDB 47—50 DBAA

书面表达。 Walking to Keep Fit As we all know,walking is a good way of exercise,which is beneficial to our health.It cannot only reduce the risk of many kinds of diseases but also strengthen the muscles and build up the bones.It?s safer than many other ways of exercise,especially for the elderly and it?s easy to do without considering rules.Besides,walking can also help us lose weight. What should we pay attention to during the walk?First,we should wear loose clothes and good shoes so that we can relax.Second,we should walk fast enough to cause us to breathe with difficulty but still able to talk.Third,it?s important to walk with our arms moving freely.And last but not least we should do it every day.


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