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云南师大附中2015届高考适应性月考卷(四)英语-答案


云南师大附中 2015 届高考适应性月考卷(四) 英语参考答案
第一部分:听力(共两节,20 小题;每小题 1.5 分,满分 30 分) 1~5 BABCB 6~10 ACBAC 11~15 ACBAA 16~20 CBABC 第二部分:阅读理解(共两节,满分 40 分) 第一节(共 15 小题;每小题 2 分,满分 30 分) 21~ 25 DACBC 36~40 B

DGAC 第三部分:英语知识运用(共两节,满分 45 分) 第一节:完形填空(共 20 小题;每小题 1.5 分,满分 30 分) 41~45 CBDAB 61.taking 66.regarded 46~50 ADBCB 62.other 67.impressive 63.one 68.are presented 51~55 BCCAD 64.what 69.designs 56~60 ACADD 65. (to) increase 70.while/and 第二节:语法填空(共 10 小题;每小题 1.5 分,满分 15 分) 26~30 DACAD 31~35 DABBC 第二节(共 5 小题;每小题 2 分,满分 10 分)

第四部分:写作(共两节,满分 35 分) 第一节:短文改错(满分 10 分) Alibaba founder Jack Ma,his company has been valued at more than $221 billion of which ①whose Ma owned 6%,is put in the top position among China’s wealthiest. But he stays outside the list ②owns of the world’s 10 rich people. ③richest Fought against a hard life,young Ma still managed to learn English well enough to gain a ④Fighting degree and became a teacher. Afterwards he started a translation agency in which took him to the ⑤ US,where he∧introduced to the Internet. His fate was bound to change before he was accidentally ⑥was ⑦when 或 after ⑧on/to Wall. The meeting obvious proved to be a turning point for all of them,promoting the birth of ⑨obviously ⑩both
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appointed to take an American visitor Jerry Yang,a co-founder of Yahoo,in a tour of the Great

Alibaba and the later cooperation with Jerry Yang. 第二节:书面表达(满分 25 分) 【参考范文】 Dear Mr. Smith, I would like to know if I could ask for a leave from Dec. 29th to 31st. On my way home yesterday, I got caught in the heavy rain and went wet totally. What’s worse, I found myself having a fever this morning and I went to the clinic for immediate treatment,only to be advised to stay in bed for three days. To support my request,a sick leave certificate by the doctor is enclosed here. As for the missed lessons during my absence,I’ll try to make them up as soon as I come back. I would appreciate it if I could get your permission. Yours respectfully, Li Hua 【解析】 第二部分:阅读理解 第一节 A 【语篇导读】本文为校园文化说明文。介绍了美国大学的派对。大学生活不仅是挑灯夜 战的苦读,还应该有社交的乐趣。派对成为了交流、交友的主要方式。 21.D 主旨大意题。通读文章,第二段第一句“Now let’s follow a foreign friend to see what parties in the US are like.”为中心句,可知本文主要是介绍美国大学的派对,故选 D。 22.A 细节理解题。根据第二段第二句“Get some inspiration to have fun with your friends in your new life.”可知是针对开始新的校园生活的人,故选 A。 23.C 24.B 段意理解题。根据第一段可知,作者认为交流和娱乐是很必要的,故选 C。 词义推断题。根据最后一段最后两句“If you are smart enough,you won’t have so much as to lose your consciousness. Parties are always better when you can remember them the next day.”作者建议,派对上不能失去意识,要保持清醒,可知 booze 为“酒” ,故选 B。 B 【语篇导读】本文为记叙文。讲述了作者在 Alchemy in the Dark 一次独特的就餐经历,并 对餐厅进行了简介。 25.C 细节理解题。根据文章第一段“ ‘Put your left hand on my shoulder,and then we’ll take small steps forward, ’said Michael,the visually impaired waiter...”可知作者是被餐厅
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服务员带到餐桌边的,故选 C。 26.D 细节理解题。 根据文章第二段第二句 “Upon arrival, diners briefly tell the chef about their allergies(过敏的食物) ,lock away their mobile phones...”可排除 A 和 C 选项;根据 最后一段餐厅的营业时间为“…is open Monday to Saturday,from 7 pm to 11 pm.”可 排除 B 选项; 根据最后一段最后一句 “5%of all profits go to the Hong Kong Society for the Blind.”可知餐厅利润的 5%捐赠给香港盲人协会,故选 D。 27.A 28.C 细节推断题。根据最后一段第二句“Reservations are required.”可知作者预定了餐位, 故选 A。 推理判断题。最后一段是对该餐厅的简介,故选 C。 C 【语篇导读】本文夹叙夹议。下定决心清除了堆积多年的大学课本和笔记,作者从开始的 纠结“清除了过去的记录,就清除了过去的历史”到最终明白了“过程才是最重要”的道理。 29.A 30.D 细节理解题。根据文章第三段第二句“My wife,…,finally talked me into clearing out the entire mess.”可知作者的妻子说服了作者,故选 A。 细节理解题。根据文章第四、五段的最后一句话“But it was also a clearing of personal history.”及“To clear them out was to clear out the truth.”可知作者纠结的是“清除了 过去的记录,就清除了过去的历史” ,故选 D。 31.D 32.A 代词指代题。根据文章最后两段可知 it 指代的是物质上和心理上的垃圾,故选 D。 主旨大意题。结合全文,篇末点题,clear out 是关键词,故选 A。 D 【语篇导读】本文为教育类新闻报道。报道了澳大利亚西部、南部政府为提高土著儿童 的入学率而采取的一系列措施。 33.B 细节理解题。 根据第一段第一句 “Parents on South Australia’s Aboriginal (部落的) lands may lose some of their financial aid if they do not send their children to school.” 可知南澳 大利亚政府用经济制裁父母的新规定,是为了提高土著儿童的入学率,故选 B。 34.B 细节判断题。根据第二段第二句“Now,I know the government needs some necessary measures but I think punishing the parents is really a last choice.” 可知 Mundine 对经济制 裁父母持不赞成态度,故选 B。 35.C 第二节 【语篇导读】本文为议论文。 “没有时间”经常是“我不愿意抽出时间”的借口。我们应 该学会权衡轻重,合理安排时间。 36.B 根据该空前一句可知,长久以来“没有时间”已经成为了最普遍的回答。后一段第一 句,我们有多少次把它作为不能做某事的理由,可知只有 B 选项(毕竟这是个非常
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推理判断题。根据最后一段后半部分可推断,西澳大利亚政府为普及土著儿童的基 础教育做出了很大努力,故选 C。

方便的借口)能承上启下,故选 B。 37.D 根据该空前一句, “没有时间”有时是事实的陈述,有时是借口;该空后转折,然而 内心深处,我们是非常清楚它们的区别的,可知只有 D 选项(这种区别是模糊和主 观的)才合乎逻辑,故选 D。 38.G 根据该空前的句子,事实上,有时候“没有时间”也确实是不能做某件事的原因。该 空后的句子, “没有时间”更多的是回避,可知 G 选项(如果重新安排时间或做出某 些牺牲,时间是抽得出来的)逻辑更紧密,故选 G。 39.A 40.C 根据该空后一句“It doesn’t grow on trees or fall from the sky like raindrops.”可知时间 也不是谁给的,故选 A。 根据该空前后句中的关键词“decisions” “decide”和 C 选项中的“make decisions” 相呼应,故选 C。 第三部分:英语知识运用 第一节:完形填空 【语篇导读】本文是环境类说明文。它是沙漠里一道独特的风景;是沙漠动物赖以生存 的家园; 也是偷盗者们的目标。 本文从它奇特的形状、 生活特性、 经济价值等方面介绍了 Sonoran Desert(索诺兰沙漠)的标志性植物—the saguaro cacti(树形仙人掌) 。 41.C 42.B 43.D 考查形容词。general“普通的” ;basic“基本的” ;unique“独特的” ;lovely“可爱的” 。 根据前文,saguaro cacti 有多达 50 只手形树枝,所以形状独特 ,故选 C。 .. 考查名词。length“长度” ;height“高度” ;size“尺寸” ;width“宽度” 。根据前面的 giant“巨型物”及后面长到 60 英尺,可知是高度 ,故选 B。 .. 考查副词。pleasingly“令人愉快地” ;inspiringly“鼓舞人心地” ;interestingly“有趣 地” ;amazingly“令人惊讶地” 。根据上文,游客对 the saguaro cacti 的形状已惊讶 不 .. 44.A 已,现在更令人惊讶 的 是它的适应能力,故选 D。 .. . 考查动词短语。live through“度过,经受住” ;break through“突破” ;cut through“抄 近路穿过,刺穿” ;get through“电话接通,考试通过” 。根据上下文,the saguaro cacti 45.B 46.A 经受住 了恶劣环境的考验,故选 A。 ... 考查名词。crisis“危机” ;damage“破坏” ;destruction“毁灭” ;load“负担” 。除了 恶劣的气候,the saguaro cacti 还要遭遇老鼠的破坏 ,故选 B。 .. 考查名词。plants“植物” ;lives“生命” ;animals“动物” ;creatures“生物” 。根据下 文 the saguaro cacti 通过根茎吸收 水,植物才有根茎,所以此处句意为像沙漠里其他 .. 47.D 48.B 所有植物 一样,故选 A。 .. 考查动词。pour“倾倒,灌注” ;squeeze“挤压” ;pump“抽水” ;absorb“吸收” 。见 上题解析,故选 D。 考查形容词。 independent “独立的” ; vital “极为重要的” ; original “原始的” ; mysterious “神秘的” 。根据下文,作为动物赖以生存的食物和家园,the saguaro cacti 是沙漠极 .
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49.C

为重要的 一部分,故选 B。 .... 考查名词。spot“地点” ;field“田地” ;home“家园” ;camp“营地” 。根据最后一段 倒数第二句“But without the saguaro,…loss of nesting sites.”可知 the saguaro cacti 是 动物们的栖息地或家园。故选 C。

50.B 51.B 52.C 53.C 54.A

考查动词。turn“到几岁” ,直接跟数字;reach“到达” ;meet“遇到” ;gain“获得” 。 the saguaro cacti 长到 ..50 岁左右,故选 B。 考查动词短语。come up“走近,被提出” ;come out“ (花)开,出来,出版” ;show off“炫耀” ;show up“出现,出席,到场” 。这里指 the saguaro cacti 开花 了,故选 B。 .. 考查动词。call“召集” ;trap“困住” ;fascinate“迷住,吸引” ;stick“粘住” 。本句 说 the saguaro cacti 的花吸引 了动物,故选 C。 .. 考查连词。 as “因为” ; but “但是” ; although “尽管” ; yet “然而” 。 这里指尽管 ..the saguaro cacti 很多,但它们却面临着危险,故选 C。 考查介词短语。 in danger “在危险中” ; in demand “被需求” ; in need “有困难” ; in control “在掌控中” 。 根据下文 Arizona 农业部采取的保护措施可知 saguaro cacti 处于危险中 , ..... 故选 A。

55.D

考查动词。exchange“交换” ;trade“做贸易(以物易物) ” ;offer“提供” ;sell“卖” 。 根据本句的前半部分 “These giant cacti have great value in landscape gardening, and the thieves can earn thousands of dollars…”可知 the saguaro cacti 被偷去卖 钱,故选 D。 .

56.A

考查名词。treasure“珍宝” ;decoration“装饰” ;possession“拥有物” ;creation“发 明,创造” 。根据全文,the saguaro cacti 独特而又重要,是应该受到保护的沙漠珍宝 , .. 故选 A。

57.C

考查动词短语。look over“看过去,检查” ;hand over“移交” ;watch over“看守” ; turn over“打翻” 。这里表达的意思是:为了保护这些宝贝,Arizona 农业部派专人看 . 守 沙漠,故选 C。 . 考查名词。food“食物” ;scenery“风景” ;water“水” ;flavor“味道” 。根据第三段 最后一句可知,the saguaro cacti 还是动物们的食物。没有了它们,就意味着食物 的短 .. 缺,故选 A。

58.A

59.D

考查动词。affect“影响” ;abandon“遗弃,放弃” ;reduce“减少” ;lose“失去” 。根 据前文的“…loss of nesting sites.”可知西南部也不愿意失去 这些极具重要性的东西, .. 故选 D。

60.D

考查名词。signal“信号” ;sign“征兆” ;mark“记号” ;symbol“标志” ,因为它们

也是区域性的标志 ,故选 D。 .. 第二节:语法填空 【语篇导读】本文为时尚说明文。介绍了著名的巴黎时装周。 61.考查 with 的复合结构。该空前“Spring /Summer and Autumn/Winter events”与 take place
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为主动关系,故用现在分词 taking。 62.考查形容词。目前,巴黎时装周在 Carrousel Du Louver 及(除此以外的)其他的 地方举 ... 行,故用 other。 63.考查代词。巴黎时装周是世界四大时装周之一 ,故用 one of the…。 .. 64.考查宾语从句。时装周的目的是为了向时尚业展示各品牌将要推出什 么样的 时装,what . ... 引导的句子作 show 的宾语。 65.考查并列谓语。时装周的目的是在展示最新时尚的同时也为 促进 其销售。…to show 和(to) . .. increase 为并列关系。 66.考查非谓语动词。Paris 和 New York,Milan,London 一样被看做 是世界的时尚之都。Paris ... 和 regard 为被动关系,故用 regarded。 67.考查形容词。法国时装以其高贵优雅的风格给时装爱好者留下了深刻的 (impressive)印象。 ... 68.考查谓语的识别,动词的时态、语态以及数。这里表客观事实,用一般现在时的被动语 态,被呈现 ,故用 are presented。 ... 69.考查名词。designs 意为设计 (的款式 ) ,可数名词。 .. ... 70.考查连词。while 在这里表对比关系,意思是而 ;and 在这里表并列关系,意思是和 。 . . 听力原文 Text 1 M:My sweater shrank after I washed it. Now it’s too small for me. W:Didn’t you read the label on it? It says the sweater needs to be dry cleaned. Text 2 W:I don’t like the way you’re looking at me,Randy. You’re not mad at me,are you? M:Whoo! Sorry about that,Bonnie. I just ate a really hot pepper,and I was trying not to look like a big baby! I’m going to ask the waiter for a glass of water! Text 3 M:I’ve done all my research,and now I just need to start my paper. It’s due tomorrow at ten o’clock in the morning. W:Cool. I’m going to meet Kim and Rebecca at the bar. See you later! M:Uh,maybe I can start my paper a little bit later… Text 4 W:I can’t believe you ordered two hamburgers for dinner! You don’t need to eat that much. M:One is for my lunch tomorrow. I’m flying to New York,but the food on the airline is really expensive. Text 5 M:Do you know what the score of the game is? W:Which one? There are baseball and basketball games going on right now.
英语参考答案·第 6 页(共 8 页)

M:Oh,I wanted to know the soccer score. Never mind. I’ll just look it up online. Text 6 W:Hey,welcome to Billy’s Barbecue. What can I get you? M:I have a huge favor to ask you. May I use your bathroom? W:I’m sorry,but our restroom is for customers only. M:Aw,I’ve been driving for three hours straight! It’s kind of an emergency. W:Sir,all you have to do is buy something,and you can use the bathroom. M:OK,that sounds fine. I’m actually pretty hungry,anyway. But can I just order when I get back? I promise I’ll order something. I’ll even eat it here and leave the waiter a big tip! W:Sure,that’s fine. It’s just down the hall to the left. Text 7 W:Excuse me,sir. I’m a little lost. Can you point me in the direction of Riverside Drive,please? M:Um…hi! My name is Boris Markov. What’s your name? W:Uh…I’m Miriam. So,as I was saying,I’m trying to find Riverside Drive. M:Hmm…Is there a river near here? W:No,no…Riverside Drive is what I’m looking for. I don’t have a map or a GPS,and my smart phone just died. Could you help me? M:Oh,no! Somebody died? I’m so sorry to hear that. Maybe you should call the police. W:What are you talking about? No one…I don’t need to…I’m sorry,but are you from here? M:No,no…I’m from Russia. Sorry,my English is not so good. If you speak slowly,I’m sure I can help you. W:Oh,that’s all right,Mr. Markov. I’ll just ask someone else. Thank you all the same. M:OK,good luck! Text 8 W:Mr. Childress,it’s Elaine Dylan calling. M:Hi,Elaine. What’s up? W:I’m so sorry,but I’m afraid I’ll have to push our meeting back at least a few hours. M:Did something happen at the office? W:No,it’s something at my daughter’s school in Oakland. I’m not sure what’s going on. They wouldn’t tell me over the phone. M:It sounds like you need to get over there as soon as you can. W:Yes. Thanks for understanding,Mr. Childress. M:Please,call me Bernard. And don’t worry. I’m a father myself,so I know how these things go.

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W:We could reschedule our meeting for this afternoon. The only thing is that I’m not sure how long I’ll be at the school… M:Don’t worry about it. I’m not in a rush. Just give me a call tomorrow,and we can set something up then. W:That sounds perfect. M:Everything is going to be fine. Text 9 M:Do you have anything to drink? W:Yeah,I have tea,soda,water… M:How about milk? W:Uh…yeah,I’ve got some milk here. I just figured you wouldn’t want any of that,since it’s the middle of the evening now. M:What’s wrong with drinking milk at night? Milk is great no matter what time it is! W:In the morning I usually have a little milk with my coffee first,but other than that,I guess I don’t drink that much. Most of the people I know who drink a lot of milk are children. M:Well,I have a big glass of milk with breakfast,another with lunch,and usually one more after dinner with my dessert. There’s nothing better than milk and cookies! W:Well,that does sound good. But if I’m thirsty,I prefer to drink water. That’s the best thing for you if you’re thirsty. And it can even help you lose weight. M:I think milk has the opposite effect. I seem to get heavier with each passing year… Text 10 Attention,shoppers. We have a special announcement. Today marks the beginning of our annual Cash Contest. We have prizes ranging from ten dollars to ten thousand dollars,and there are many chances to win. Everyone who has a Safeway Rewards card will receive one entry to the contest for each dollar you spend today from 10 am to 2 pm. That means if you buy $120 worth of groceries,you’ll get 120 chances to win that cash! You must be a Safeway Rewards cardholder in order to be part of this contest. If you don’t already have a card,you can sign up for one for free at our Customer Service Department. You will need to provide an email address and a phone number in order to apply for a card. The contest will take place tomorrow from 9 am to 9 pm,with a new winner every thirty minutes. If you are a winner,you will be called and sent an email. You must come to a Safeway supermarket to claim your prize with your card. All prizes that have not been claimed within one week will be given to another cardholder,so make sure to check your phone and email! Good luck, and thank you again for shopping at Safeway!
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