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英语:unit3 the world online-reading学案(牛津译林版选修7)


M7U3

The world online Reading 学案

Teaching aims: 1, Encourage the Ss to raise reading ability by focusing on language points 2. Get the Ss to grasp the new language usage

in the text by learning them. Important points& difficult points Important and difficult points: some sentences Teaching procedures: Step 1:词汇详解: 1.analysis n.分析,分解 (p1. analyses) make a careful analysis of the problem 仔细分析这个问题 analyse = analyze vt.(analyses,analyzing)分析 We should analyse the causes of our failure.我们应该分析失败的原因。 【相关链接】 analyst n.分析家,分解者 in the last/final analysis 总之

在 英 语 中 单数 名 词以 一 sis 结 尾 , 变 复 数往 往 为一 ses . 例 如: basis--bases 基 础 emphasis--emphases 强调 【练习检测】 完成句子 1)We made a careful _________ of the problem. 2)We _______ the causes of our failure. 3)Here are the __________ of the sales figures. 2.value. n.价值,估价,评价,价格 We must clearly know the value of good health. 我们必须清楚地认识到健康的重要性。 what is the value of your house?你的房子值多少钱? Your help has been of great value(一 very valuable).你的帮助很有价值。 vt.估价,评价,重视 He valued the ring at$80.他估计这枚戒指值 80 美元。

I value your advice.我尊重你的劝告。 I value our friendship very much.我非常珍惜我们的友谊。 【相关链接】 valuable adj.有价值的 priceless adj.无价的 be of value—valuable. to be good/excellent(bad/poor)很(不)划算 be of little/some/no value 具有很少价值/有些价值/没有价值 value sth. at. money v. 估价 区别:value,price,cost value 指内在价值,the value of American dollar 美元的内在价值;price 指商品的价值 at a high price 以高价;cost 指制作的成本,at all costs 不惜一切代价。 【练习检测】 1)单项填空 (1)Has this volume been good ___for your money? A.worth B.cost C.value D.price (2)This fur coat is very ______ .It would cost you a lot of money. A.cost 2)完成句子 (1)我一直都珍视与你的友谊。 I?ve always ________ __________ ____________ (2)那所房子他给我估价 80,000 美元。 He __________ the house for me ____________ ____________. (3)这些旧装饰物不值钱。 The old ornaments ________ __________ __________ __________. 3.forecast n. 先见,预见,预报;预测 . B.valuable C.value D.high valueless adj.没有价值的 worthless adj.不值的 '

values n.价值观。

make forecasts about sth.对……进行预测 According to the weather forecast?a storm is on its way.天气预报说有暴风雨来袭。 vt.(forecast, forecast;forecasted,forecasted)预报;预测 The teacher forecast that only one third of the students would pass the examination. 老师预计只有三分之一的学生将通过考试。 加前缀一 fore 表“在……之前;先发生的;在前面的;物体的前部”的词还有:

____________( 前额 ) ; ___________( 前腿 ) ; ___________ ( 前足 ) ; ___________ ( 前臂 ) ; ___________ (祖先): ___________ (预见);___________ (预先付款);___________ (预示); ___________ (前景;先见之明); ___________预见者;(天气)预报员 4. sort n.种类;类别 vt. 将…分类;整理

【典型例句】 What sort of meat do you like best? 你最喜欢吃什么肉?

He is the sort of person I really dislike. 他这种人我真是不喜欢。 We must sort out the good apples from the bad ones.咱们得把好苹果拣出来,同坏的分开。 【相关链接】 out of sorts 身体不适 sort out 整理;挑选出 【练习检测】 (1)有各种各样的工作你可以做。 There are ________ _________ _________ jobs you could do. (2)你有没有觉得不舒服?你看着有点不对劲。 Are you feeling all right? You look a bit _______ ________ ________. (3)天有点晚了。 It?s ________ __________ late. (4)整理我们的全部行李花了不少时间。 It took a while to _______ _________ all our luggage. (5)柜橱该整理一下了。 The cupboard ________ _________ _________. (6)我把这个问题交给你来处理。 I?11 leave you to _______ _______ ________ _________. (7)你难道不会区分好坏吗? Can?t you ________ _________ _________ _________ __________? 5.useless 【相关链接】 be useless to sb.对某人没用 It is useless for sb.to do sth.(人)做……是没用的 adj.无用的,无益的 sort of=kind of 有点;几分 sort out from 把……从……挑出来

uselessly adv.无益地,无用地 uselessness 以.无用 useful adj.有用的,有益的 usefulness 以.有用,有效性 【练习检测】 汉译英 1)跟他谈是没用的。________________________________________________________. 2)这些书对我都没用。______________________________________________________. 6.tie n.领带:纽带;联系;束缚 v.系;捆 usefully adv.有用地,有效地

【典型例句】 He was still a young man and he did not want any ties.他还年轻,不想有任何束缚。 She tied the newspapers in a bundle.她把报纸扎成一捆。 He had to tie his hands together.他不得不把他的双手绑在一起。 【相关链接】 (1)Have tie with… 与…有关系

(2)tie in with sth.和……相符;相配 (3)tie…to…把……拴在…… (4)tie up 捆起;拴住 【练习检测】1)完成句子 (1)这家商行与一家美国公司关系密切。 The firm_____ ______ ______with an American corporation. (2)把你的鞋带系好。________ _______ your shoelaces. 7.common adj.常见的;普通的;一般的 【典型例句】 Rabbits and foxes are common in Britain.兔子与狐狸在英国十分常见 j HOW will these changes affect the common sense? 这些变化会怎样影响一般人呢? 【相关链接】 common,usual, regular 与 ordinary common 普通的;常见的;共同的;共有的。 usual 通常的;习惯的;经常发生的事,如自然发生的事、根据社会或个人习惯所做的 事情。 regular 通常的;常例的;强调遵循事物既定的或自然规律。

ordinary 普通的;平凡的;强调普通;寻常以及缺乏优越的性质。 【练习检测】 用 common, usual, regular, ordinary 填空 (1)He was asked the ________questions by the police. (2)Sunday is a _______holiday. (3)The book describes the way of lire of the_______ people of Mexico. (4)It?s _______ knowledge among people that there will be an election. 8.remain vi.保持;仍然是;剩下;余留;仍待;尚需. (后可接名词,形容词,动名词,动词不 定式等.) 【典型例句】 He remained sitting when the teacher came in.当老师进来时,他依然坐着。 Country music today remains much the same as before.今日乡村音乐同过去差不多。 The door remains closed.门是关着的。 注意:remain 作“仍然是,一直保持”讲,实为系动词其后可接形容词、名词、分词短语、 介词短语、不定式分别作其表语。 【相关链接】 (1)remainder n.剩下的人;事物或时间;剩余部分 Ten people came but the remainder stayed away. 来了十个人,其余的没来。 (2)remaining adj.剩余的。 The remaining food belongs to you. 剩下的食物归你。 、

(3)remains n.(常用复数)所剩下的,遗留的东西剩余物;残骸 His remains are buried in the churchyard.他的遗体埋葬在教堂的墓地里。 【练习检测】 完成句子 (1)只剩下十分钟了。 There were only ten minutes ____________. (2)你说的对不对还有待于证实。 It _______ _______ ________ ________whether you are right. (3)雨很大,但他仍然站在那儿。 It was raining heavily but he remained _________ there. 2)同义旬转换 A:What will you do with the money left?

B:What will you do with ________ __________ __________ . 9.advantage n.有利条件;有利因素;优势 【典型例句】 Being tall gave him an advantage over the other players.他个子高,比其他运动员有利。 Is there any advantage in getting there early? 早到那里是否有利? Each Of these systems have its advantages and disadvantages.这些系统各有其优缺点。 【相关链接】 ,

(1)to one?S advantage 对……有利 It would be to your advantage to attend the meeting. (2)take advantage of 利用 She took advantage of the children?S absence to tidy their rooms. 她趁孩子们不在时收拾了他们的房间。 (3)be at an advantage 处于优势地位 (5)advantageous adj.有利的;有好处的 【练习检测】完成句子 (1)新规章制度将对我们有利。 Eventually,the new regulations will________ ________ ___________ _________. (2)我们充分享用了旅馆设施。 We _______ _________ ___________ __________ (3)他具有受过良好教育的有利条件; He _______ ________ ___________ _________ (4)自由贸易协议对两国都有利。 A free trade agreement would ____________ countries. 10.judge vt.判断;鉴别;审理;裁判;裁决,n.法官;裁判员;审判员 【典型例句】 I judged him to be about 50. 我估计他年龄在 50 左右。 The judges?decision is final. 裁判的决定为最终决定。 The judge sentenced him to five years in prison. 法官判他五年监禁。 【相关链接】 ___________ ___________ both a good education. the hotel facilities. (4)have the advantage of 利用 (6)advantaged.adj.处于优势的 参加这次会议对你有利。

(1)judging from 根据……判断 Judging from his words,he has known the truth. 从他的话判断,他已经知道真相了。 (2)as far as can be judged/as far as one can judge 据判断;据认为 As far as l can judge,all of them are to blame.依我看,他们都应承担责任。 【练习检测】 (1) _________ from his looks,he is a kind man. A.Judging B.Being judged C.Judged D.Judge

(2)The performance was good when ________ by usual standards. A.judging B.being judged C.judge D.judged (3)I judge _______ better to tell her. A.it B.that C.this D./

11.occur vi 发生;存在;想起;被想到;出现在头脑中常与 to 连用 (occurred, occurred) A number of changes occurred in these years. 近年来,发生了很大的变化。 It didn?t occur to me that you would object. 我没想到你会反对。 【相关链接】 Sth. occur to sb. = sth. come to sb. ……突然被想到 An excellent idea occurred to me.我突然想到一个主意。 it occurs to somebody (that) = it occurs to somebody to do something 刚想到,突然想到

It occurred to me that 1 would travel to Europe.我忽然想去欧洲旅游。 It never occurred to me to phone you.我根本没想到要打电话给你。 occurrence n.发生,出现;发生的事情。 It?s really an unfortunate occurrence. 这真是不幸的事情。 【练习检测】 我突然有个念头我要试试.( 汉译英,用两种句式翻译) _____________________________________________________________________. = ____________________________________________________________________. 12.present vt.提出;呈送;赠送;授予 adj.出席的;到场的;现在的 n.礼物;现在;目前 【典型例句】 The students presented the teacher with a bunch of flowers.学生们送给那位老师一束花。 The English spoken in the past was different from the present day English.

过去讲的英语和今天的英语有所不同。 They exchanged presents at the farewell party.他们在告别晚会上交换礼物。 【知识小结】 present 用作形容词作定语时,如果表示“现在;当前”的意思时,往往用作前置定语.当 表示“出席;到场”的意思时,用作后置定语,如: the present international situation the people present at the meeting 【相关链接】 at present 现在 present oneself 出席 presently 立刻;马上 presentation n. 表演;演出 【练习检测】 1)单项填空 (1)Let?s leave the things as they are ______; we can always make changes later on if necessary. A.for the present B.at present C.to the present D.up to the present for the present 暂时 present sb.with sth.赠给某人某物 presenter n.节目主持人 当前国际形式 出席会议的人们

(2)She never seems at ease ________ . A.in my presence B.with my presence C.with presence of mind D.at my presence (3)It?s unfair to discuss his case if he is not ________ . A.present 2)完成句子 (1)他现在很忙,不能见你。 He is busy_______ _________ and can?t see you. (2)当前国际形势十分复杂。 , B.presently C.absent D.presence

The _________ __________ situation is very complicated. 13.accustomed adj.习惯于:适应了的 【相关链接】 (1) be/become/get accustomed to doing sth. 习惯于…… be accustomed to 有时可以与 be used to 互换 ?

(2) accustom v. 使…习惯于;养成习惯; 常与 to(介词)连用 accustom oneself to doing 使自己习惯于…… 14.advantage n.优势,有利条件,利益 This school has many advantages.这所学校有许多的有利条件。 【相关链接】 have the advantage of 胜过,占优势 to one?s advantage/disadvantage/to the advantage/disadvantage of sb 对某人有利/不利的 take advantage of sth.利用某事物 take advantage of sb.欺骗(捉弄)某人 反义词:disadvantage”不利,不利条件,损害,损失 【练习检测】 完成句子

1)We _______ ________ _________ (利用)the fine weather to go on hiking. 2)It?ll _______ ________ _________ _________ (对你有好处)to study abroad. 15.address 发表演说;写姓名地址;把信写给…;称呼;致力于,着手 He addressed an audience of 10,000 supporters. I?m afraid I have addressed the parcel wrongly. 把包裹上收件人的地址写错了. The president should be addressed as ?Mr. President?. 被称呼为总统先生 address a problem /question/ issue etc : start to solve a problem Our products address the needs of real users. He ignored the side issues and addressed himself to handling the main problems.致力于


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