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英语动词可有三种不同的语气:陈述语气、祈使 语气和虚拟语气。 1. 陈述语气:陈述一个事实,或提出一个看法,有 肯定、否定、疑问或感叹等形式。 My favorite sport is swimming. Did it rain all day yesterday? What a good boy he is! 2. 祈使语气:表示请求、邀请、命令、警告或劝告

等。 Be careful! Don’t forget to close the window. Let’s go to the park this Sunday. 3. 虚拟语气:表示说话人所说的话不是事实,而是 一种假设、愿望、建议、怀疑或推测。 If I were you, I should study English harder.(表假设) I wish every family had a house of their own. (表愿望) The doctor advised that he (should) take exercise regularly.(表建议) It is surprising that he should be such a foolish man. 他竟然这么愚蠢,真是令人吃惊! (表感到意外) He can’t have arrived, for his car broke down on the way. 他不可能已经到了,因为他的车坏在路上。 (推测)

第1讲 用相应的过去时态表示“愿望”
考点2. if only


wish 之后的宾语从句中用虚拟语气

hope 后面跟宾语从句时,只能用陈述语气: I hope you will have a good trip there. wish 后面跟从句时只能用虚拟语气,表示“愿望” , 与事实相反。本来是一般现在时的,要用成一般过 去时;本来是一般过去时的,要用成过去完成时。 ① I wish I remembered the address. ② I wish you had written to him. ③ I wish you would stop asking silly questions. 1. 【2002 上海】How I wish every family ______ a large house with a beautiful garden! A. has B. had C. will have D. had had 2. 【2011 北京】 —Where are the children? The dinner’s going to be completely ruined. —I wish they ______ always late. A. weren’t B. hadn’t been C. wouldn’t be D. wouldn’t have been 3. I wish I ______ you yesterday. A. saw B. did see C. had seen D. were to see 4. I didn’t go to the party, but I do wish I ______ there. A. was B. were C. had been D. went

only if 表示“只有”; if only 则表示“如果……就好 了” 。 I wake up only if the alarm clock rings. 只有闹钟响了,我才会醒。 If only the alarm clock had rung. 要是闹钟响了就好了! 表示现在的情况, 应用过去式; 如果是过去的情况, 应用过去完成时态。if only 也可用于陈述语气。 If only I had listened to your advice, things wouldn’t have gone so wrong. 5. 【2003 上海春】Look at the trouble I am in! If only I ______ your advice. A. followed B. would follow C. had followed D. should follow 6. If only Grandmother ______ this together with us now. A. will see B. could see C. must see D. should see 7. I would get it for you ______ I could remember who last borrowed it. A. on condition that C. if only D. considering whether


It’s (high/about) time that…

It is (high/about) time that 后谓语用过去式或 “should+动词原形(should 不能省略) ”表示“愿 望” , 含有抱怨或批评之意, 意为 “早就该做某事了” 。 It is time that the government took action. It is about time that the government took action. It is high time that the government took action. It is (about high) time that the government should take action. 但不可说 It is high time that the government take action.因为 should 不能省略。 8. It is high time the child ______ to the hospital. A. is sent B. would be sent C. be sent D. was sent 9. Isn’t it about time that you ______ to pick up the visitors from New York? A. gone B. should go C. go D. will go 10. It is time that the government ______ measures to protect the rare birds and animals. A. takes B. took C. has taken D. taking 11. 【2012 辽宁】 Jack is a great talker. It’s high time that he ______ something instead of just talking. A. will do B. has done C. do D. did 考点4. would rather 后跟从句时

表示与现在或将来相反的愿望时,从句用一般 过去时。 I’d rather you came next Saturday. 我宁愿你下星期六来。 I’d rather she sat next to me. 我宁愿她挨着我坐。 表示与过去相反的愿望时用过去完成时。 I’d rather I hadn’t said it. 我真希望我没有这样说过。 12. —Shall we go to the movie tonight? —No, I’d rather ______ at home with our baby. You’d better not leave it to the babysitter at night. A. you stayed B. you stay C. stayed D. stay 13. Frankly, I’d rather you ______ anything about it for the time being. A. do B. don’t do C. didn’t do D. will not do 14. 【 2010 江苏】 George is going to talk about the geography of his country, but I’d rather he ______ more on its culture. A. focus B. focused C. would focus D. had focused

would rather 后接句子时,句子谓语习惯上要用 虚拟语气。

写作专练1. 用相应的过去时态来表达“愿望” (P. 错误!未定义书签。 )

第2讲 用虚拟条件句表“假设”
条件句有两类,一类是真实条件句,一类是虚拟 条件句。如果假设的情况是有可能发生的,就是真实 条件句。真实条件句中的谓语用陈述语气。 If it doesn’t rain tomorrow, we will go to the park. 如果明天不下雨,我们就去公园。 如果假设的情况是过去或现在都不存在的,或将来不 大可能发生的,则是虚拟条件句。 If he had seen you yesterday, he would have asked you about it. 如果他昨天见到你,他会问你这件事的。 (事实上他昨 天没见到你,因此也未能问你这件事。 ) 虚拟条件句分三种情况:与现在相反,与过去相反, 与将来相反。其从句和主句的谓语形式如下:

第十二章 虚拟语气 时 过 现 将 间 去 在 来 if 条件句 had done did (were) ①should do ②were to do ③did (were) 主 句


would /should /could /might have done would /should /could /might do would /should/could/might do

注:would, should, could 与 might 的选择: ① 一般常用 would,如同在真实条件句中主句常要用 will 一样。常译作“将、就会” 。如: If I knew him, I would ask him for help. 如果我认识他的话,我就会向他求助。 ② should 在虚拟条件句中用得最少,现在几乎不用。可能是因为在陈述语气中第一人称后面可以用 shall,所以在虚拟 语气中,理论上讲,第一人称后也可用 should。但在现代英语中,特别是美语中,人们常说:I’ll go home.或 I will go home. 但很少人说 I shall go home. 因此,在虚拟条件句中,should 也很少用。 ③ could 用于虚拟条件句中时,有“能够,可能”之意。如: If you had come back a little earlier, you could have seen it yourself. 如果你回来得再稍早一点,你就可能亲眼目睹这件事了。 ④ might 用于虚拟条件句时,常译作“或许” ,表示可能性有,但不敢肯定。如: If I had been there, I might have quarreled with him. 如果我当时在场的话,我或许会和他吵起来。



If I knew German, I would read the book in the original. 1. If it ______ so hard, we’d go to town. A. isn’t raining B. weren’t raining C. doesn’t rain D. has rain 2. If there were no water in the world, everything ______. A. will die B. would die C. would have died D. would have been dead 3. We’re safer in a train than we would be if we ______ any other way. A. traveled B. had traveled C. travel D. have traveled 4. —Why don’t you explain it to her? —I ______ it to her if I thought she would understand. A. would explain B. will explain C. explain D. would have explained 5. 【2012 湖南】Sorry, I am too busy now. If I ______ time, I would certainly go for an outing with you. A. have had B. had had C. have D. had 考点2. 表示与过去事实相反

A. had been; would go B. were; had gone C. were; would have gone D. am; will go 7. 【2010 湖南】If he ______ my advice, he wouldn’t have lost his job. A. followed B. should follow C. had followed D. would follow 8. 【2012 山东】 If we ______ adequate preparations, the conference wouldn’t have been so successful. A. haven’t made B. wouldn’t make C. didn’t make D. hadn’t made 9. 【2013 重庆】—It rained cats and dogs this morning. I’m glad we took an umbrella. —Yeah, we would have got wet all over if we ______. A. hadn’t B. haven’t C. didn’t D. don’t 10. 【2013 江苏】I should not have laughed if I ______ you were serious. A. thought B. would think C. had thought D. have thought 考点3. 表示对将来发生情况的怀疑或实现的可能性 很小

You wouldn’t have caught a cold if you had put on more clothes. 6. If I ______ you, I ______ to Australia with Mr. Smith.

11. What would we do if it ______ tomorrow? A. should snow B. would snow C. snow D. will snow 12. 【2009 天津】This printer is of good quality. If it ______ break down within the first year, we would

repair it at our expense. A. would B. should C. could

D. might

13. The volleyball match would be put off if it ______ tomorrow. A. will rain B. rains C. rained D. is rained 14. Supposing this ship ______, do you think there would be enough life jackets for all the passengers? A. was sinking B. has sunk C. were to sink D. sunk 15. ______ today, he would get there by Friday. A. Was he leaving B. If he is leaving C. Were he to leave D. If he leaves 16. 【2012 安徽】Grace doesn’t want to move to New York because she thinks if she ______ there, she wouldn’t be able to see her parents very often. A. lives B. would live C. has lived D. were to live 考点4. should 有“万一”之意

所谓错综时间虚拟条件句即条件从句与主句 所指时间不一致,如从句指过去,而主句却指的是 现在或将来,此时应根据具体的语境情况,结合上 面提到的三种基本类型对时态作相应的调整。 If they had started in the early morning, they would arrive in half an hour. (过去——将来; 错综时间虚拟条件句) If they had started in the early morning, they would be here now. (过去——现在; 错综时间虚拟条件句) If they had started in the early morning, they would have arrived. (过去——过去;不是错综时间虚拟条件句) 20. It is hard for me to imagine what I would be doing today if I ______ in love, at the age of seven, with the Melinda Cox Library in my hometown. A. wouldn’t have fallen B. had not fallen C. should fall D. were to fall 21. Had you listened to the doctor, you ______ all right now. A. are B. were C. would be D. would have been 22. 【 2013 北京】 If we ______ a table earlier, we couldn’t be standing here in a queue. A. have booked B. booked C. book D. had booked 23. 【2013 天津】If he had spent more time practising speaking English before, he ______ able to speak it much better now. A. will be B. would be C. has been D. would have been 考点6. if 的省略

在与现在相反的虚拟条件句中,从句谓语有 三种形式,其中一种为 “ should+ 动词原形 ” ,主要 是因为 should 有“万一”之意,表示一件事听起 来可能性很小,但也不是完全没有可能。 if 条件从句谓语由 should 加动词原形构成时, 主句谓语有用虚拟语气的也有不用虚拟语气的。 Ask her to ring me up if you should see her. 你万一见到她,请让她给我打个电话。 should 还常用在 for fear that, in case( 以防 ), lest(以防)等引导的状语从句中。

17. He is working hard for fear that he ______ to pass the exam. A. fails B. may fail C. should fail D. would fail 18. He doesn’t dare to leave the house in case ______. A. he will recognize B. he should be recognized C. he is recognized D. he recognize 19. The driver looked over the engine carefully lest it ______ on the way. A. breaks down C. would break down B. broke down D. should break down 考点5. 错综时间虚拟条件句

虚拟条件句中有 were, had, should 时,可把 if 省略,而把 were, had, should 放在主语前,用倒装 结构,这种结构主要用于书面语中。如: Were it necessary, I might resign. Should it rain tomorrow, we would have to put off the visit to the Summer Palace. Were there to be a flood, what should we do? Had I left a little earlier, I would have caught the train. 24. 【2012 浙江】 Had they known what was coming next, they ______ second thoughts. A. may have B. could have

第十二章 虚拟语气


C. must have had

D. might have had

He became, as it were, a man without a country. 他在某种程度上成了一个无国籍的人。 但在正式文体中仍须用 were。在考试中最好还是用 were。 考点8. 根据主句谓语或从句谓语判断是否是 虚拟语气

25. ______ what was going to happen, I would never have left her alone. A. Had I known B. If I know C. If I knew D. If had I known 26. ______ today, he would get there by Friday. A. Were he to leave B. If he had left C. Did he to leave D. Had he left 27. ______ the work, he would do it some other way. A. Was he going B. If he does C. Were he to do D. If he is doing 28. ______ the clouds, you would find the airplane in the sky easily. A. Had it not been for B. If it were not C. If it had not been for D. Were it not for 29. ______ any change about the date, please tell me immediately. A. Will there be B. Should there be C. There will be D. There should be 30. The business is risky. But ______ we would be rich. A. should we succeed B. we should succeed C. might we succeed D. would we succeed 考点7. 用 was 还是用 were

一般情况下,从句和主句要用陈述语气都用陈 述语气,要用虚拟语气都用虚拟语气。如: Would you mind if I opened the window? 比较:Do you mind if I smoke? 我们可以利用这个规律来帮助我们做题。 (注意: should 用在条件从句中表示“万一”时, 主句 可用陈述语气也可用虚拟语气。如: If he should come tomorrow, I will/would ask him for help.) 31. 【2012 全国Ⅱ 】I’m going to Europe on vacation together with John if I ______ find the money. A. can B. might C. would D. need 32. I’ll have to push the car to the side of the road because we ______ if we leave it here. A. would be fined B. will be fined C. will being fined D. will have been fined 33. If he ______ not ill, I ______ invite him to our party. A. is; would B. were; would C. were; will D. was; would 34. 【2013 新课标 I】If we ______ now to protect the environment, we’ll live to regret it. A. hadn’t acted B. haven’t acted C. don’t act D. won’t act

在当代英语中,尤其在口语中,单数主语常用 was 代替虚拟式 were。如: I wish I was ten years younger. 我但愿年轻 10 岁。 在含义上,有时 was 发生的可能性大于 were。如: He looks as if he was ill. 他像是病了。 但在倒装虚拟结构及 if I were you, as it were 中,只 能用 were。如: Were I ten years younger, I would study abroad. 要是我还年轻 10 岁的话,我会去国外学习。 If I were you, I would try my best to grasp the chance. 要是我是你的话,我要尽力抓住这次机会。 as it were“可以说,在某种程度上” 。英语解释为: as if it were really so。 He is, as it were, a walking dictionary. 他可以说是一部活字典。

写作专练2. 虚拟条件句在写作中也很有用(P. 错误! 未定义书签。 )

第3讲 含蓄条件句

有些句子中,没有任何表示虚拟语气的词、短 语或从句,但仍要用虚拟语气。 这时,要么是省略 了表示虚拟语气的部分,要么隐含在上下文之中 (otherwise 或 in that case)或者用介词替代了 (常见的 介词有 with, without , but for) 。如: Given more time, we could have done it better. Without air we could not live on the earth. But for the storm we would have been there in time. 考点1. but

A. I may have failed C. I’d have failed

B. I’d fail D. I’ll have failed

8. —Where have you been? —I got caught in traffic; otherwise ______ sooner. A. I would be here B. I have been here C. I had been here D. I would have been here 9. 【2012 福建】We lost our way in that small village, otherwise we ______ more places of interest yesterday. A. visited B. had visited C. would visit D. would have visited 考点4. or

1. I ______ you a more valuable present for your birthday,but I was short of money at that time. A. would buy B. had bought C. would have bought D. must have bought 2. 【 2011 福建】 —Pity you missed the lecture on nuclear pollution. —I ______ it, but I was busy preparing for a job interview. A. attended B. had attended C. would attend D. would have attended 3. 【2013 安徽】I ______ to my cousin’s birthday party last night, but I was not available. A. went B. had gone C. would go D. would have gone 考点2. without

10. He didn’t come yesterday,or you ______ him. A. would see B. were to see C. might have seen D. had seen 11. Sally can’t have written to me, or ______ the letter by now. A. I’ll get B. I’ll have got C. I’d have got D. I’d get 考点5. but for“要不是”

12. But for the leadership of our Party and Government, we ______ these splendid results. A. have achieved B. wouldn’t have achieved C. should have achieved D. would achieve 13. 【2011 江西】 We ______ John’s name on the race list yesterday but for his recent injury. A. will put B. will have put C. would put D. would have put 14. 【2009 福建】But for the help of my English teacher, I ______ the first prize in the English Writing Competition. A. would not win B. would not have won C. would win D. would have won 考点6. if it weren’t/hadn’t been for“如果不是……”

4. Without your help, I ______ so much progress in my studies in such a short time. A. don’t make B. didn’t make C. will not have made D. would not have made 5. 【1997 上海】Without the air to hold some of the sun’s heat, the earth at night ______,too cold for us to live. A. would be freezing cold B. will be freezing coldly C. would be frozen cold D. can freeze coldly 6. 【2011 陕西】I ______ through that bitter period without your generous help. A. couldn’t have gone B. didn’t go C. wouldn’t go D. hadn’t gone 考点3. otherwise

与现在相反,用 if it weren’t for; 与过去相反, 用 if it hadn’t been for。 15. If it were not for the snowy weather, we ______ all right. A. would be B. would have been C. were D. may be 16. ______ the clouds, you would find the airplane in the

7. I’m glad I went over all my notes; otherwise ______.

第十二章 虚拟语气


sky easily. A. Had it not been for B. If it were not C. If it had not been for D. Were it not for 17. ______ for the traffic jam, I could have covered fifty miles. A. Had it been B. Had it not been C. It had not been D. It not had been 18. ______ for your laziness, you could have finished the assignment by now. A. It were not B. Had it not been C. Weren’t it D. Had not it been

语气,也可用虚拟语气。例: Supposing / Suppose(that) the weather were bad, where would you go? 假如天气不好,你去什么地方? Supposing / Suppose (that) she doesn’t come, what should we do? 假如她不来我们该怎么办? 注:providing / provided “倘若……;在……的条件 下”,用作连词,引导条件状语从句,但从句不用虚 拟语气。 25. Supposing this ship ______, do you think there would be enough life jackets for all the passengers? A. was sinking B. has sunk C. were to sink D. sunk 考点10. 通过语义表达 26. You ______ come earlier. The bus left a moment ago. A. would B. should have C. may D. have 27. Ten minutes earlier, they ______ the plane. A. will catch B. would catch C. would have caught D. will have caught 28. —Is the patient all right now? —Yes. Who ______ that such a serious illness could be cured? A. had thought B. would have thought C. was thinking D. has thought 29. 【2012 江苏】—Happy birthday! —Thank you! It’s the best present I ______ for. A. should have wished B. must have wished C. may have wished D. could have wished 考点11. 注意辨别是虚拟语气还是陈述语气 30. 【2008 全国 II】If the weather had been better, we could have had a picnic. But it ______ all day. A. rained B. rains C. has rained D. is raining 31. Tom would buy that bicycle but he ______ no money. A. had B. has C. had had D. has had 32. If it were not for the fact that you ______ ill, I would ask you to do this right now. A. were B. had been C. are D. should be 33. 【 2007 山 东 】 They ______ two free tickets to Canada, otherwise they’d never have been able to afford to go.


even if/even though (参看 P. 错误!未定义书 签。错误!未找到引用源。)

19. Nothing could have saved him even if he ______ without delay. A. would be tended B. was tended C. has been tended D. had been tended 20. He ______ you more help,even though he was very busy. A. might have given B. might give C. need have given D. may give 21. Even if he ______ here, he could not solve the problem. A. was B. were C. had been D. has been 考点8. as if/ as though(参看 P. 错误!未定义书签。 错误!未找到引用源。)

22. When a pencil is partly in a glass of water,it looks as if it ______. A. breaks B. has broken C. were broken D. had been broken 23. 【2012 北京】Don’t handle the vase as if it ______ made of steel. A. is B. were C. has been D. had been 24. 【1993 年高考】 The two strangers talked as if they ______ friends for years. A. should be B. would be C. have been D. had been 考点9. supposing/suppose

此时,supposing 和 suppose 都是连词。“假如、 假定”用作连词,引导条件状语从句,从句可用陈述

A. had got C. have got

B. got D. get 写作专练3. 学会熟练使用含蓄条件句(P. 错误!未定 义书签。 )

第4讲 用“ (should)+动词原形”表示“建议或要求”
3. The manager was angry and ordered that this work ______ tomorrow. 在英语中,在表示命令、建议、要求等语气时, A. be finished B. finish 常用“should+动词原形” ,且 should 可以省略。这 C. was finished D. would finish 几种情况,可以概括为“想让某人做某事” 。 4. It was ordered that no smoking ______ in the library. The doctor suggested that he (should) try to lose his A. should allow B. be allowed weight。 (医生想让他减肥) C. will be allowed D. is allowed 用动词及其派生词来表示“想让某人做某事” 常见的动词有 一个坚持:insist; 两个命令:order, command; 四条建议:suggest , advise, propose,recommend; 四项要求:demand, request, require, ask; 另外有:prefer。 注意:suggest 作“暗示、表明”时、insist 作“坚持 认为”时不用虚拟语气。 这种“想让某人做某事”的语气,可以出现在 宾语从句、表语从句、同位语从句和主语从句中。 I suggested that we (should) send them a message. (宾语从句) My suggestion is that we (should) send them a message. (表语从句) I made a suggestion that we (should) send them a message.(同位语从句) It was my suggestion that we (should) send them a message.(主语从句) ① 一个坚持 insist 1. The father insisted his daughter ______ a rich man. A. would be engaged to B. be engaged to C. should engaged to D. must be engaged to 2. Mrs. Black insists ______ in that old hotel. A. not to stay B. not staying C. staying not D. that she not stay ② 两个命令 order, command 5. The order came that the medical supplies ______ to Beijing for the Sars soon. A. would be sent B. should send C. be sent D. must be sent ③ 四条建议 suggest , advise, propose, recommend 6. She made a suggestion that the plan ______ carefully. A. be considered B. was considered C. should consider D. would be considered 7. My suggestion is that she ______ more exercise, which will do a lot of good to her. A. takes B. must take C. take D. took 8. 【2013 陕西】My mom suggests that we ______ eat out for a change this weekend. A. should B. might C. could D. would 9. Jane’s pale face suggested that she ______ ill, and her parents suggested that she ______ a medical examination. A. be; should have B. was; have C. should be; had D. was; has 10. The doctor’s advice is that the patient ______ about his real physical condition. A. be not told B. not be told C. will not be told D. must not be told 11. I think it advisable that he ______ for Tokyo soon. A. will leave B. may leave


第十二章 虚拟语气

B. used D. will use

C. leave

D. leaves

12. The Reform Club proposed that wages ______. A. would be raised C. were to be raised D. were raised 13. 【2010 福建】Teachers recommend parents ______ their children under 12 to ride bicycles to school for safety. A. not allow B. do not allow C. mustn’t allow D. couldn’t allow 14. His English teacher recommends that he ______ a regular degree program. A. begins B. begin C. will begin D. is beginning ④ 四项要求 demand, request, require, ask 15. It was required that each student ______ enough food for the picnic. A. bring B. brought C. would bring D. had brought 16. It is requested that every student ______ a plan for the next semester. A. makes B. will make C. make D. would make 17. A request is made to the investigation committee that a decision ______ as soon as possible. A. be done C. be made D. is to be made 18. The teacher demanded that the work ______ before 4 o’clock. A. finished B. be finished C. should finish D. finish 19. Their demand is that their wages ______ increased by 20%. A. be B. should C. will be D. must be 20. Tom’s father, as well as his mother, ______ in New York for a few days more. A. ask him to stay B. ask he to stay C. asks he stays D. asks he stay ⑤ 另有:urge, prefer 21. The management urged that the cost of production ______. A. to be further reduced B. was further reduced C. be further reduced D. should further reduced 22. The old worker urged that we ______ cheaper

materials instead. A. use C. would use

23. We prefer that the plan ______ before being put into execution. A. is fully discussed B. must be fully discussed C. be fully discussed D. will be fully discussed 24. In the past men generally preferred that their wives ______ in the home. A. worked B. would work C. work D. were working 考点2. 用形容词来表示“想让某人做某事”

在“It is (was)+形容词(或过去分词)+that…”结 构中,当形容词是表示愿望、建议、请求、命令、 可能、适当、较好、迫切、紧近、重要等词义时, 后面的主语从句的谓语也用虚拟语气。其表达形式 为 “should +动词原形” , 或省略 should 直接用动词 原形(美国英语中省去 should) 。 常用的形容词: natural (自然的),appropriate (适 当的),advisable (合适的), preferable (更可取的), better (更好的), necessary (必须的), important (重 要的), urgent (急迫的), essential (本质的), vital (必 不可少的), desirable (极好的), compulsory (必须的) , crucial(紧急的) ,desirable(理想的)等。 1. It is necessary that we (should 可省略,下同)have a walk now. 2. It is important that every pupil (should) be able to understand the rule of school. 3. It is natural that she should do so. 4.It is essential that these application forms be sent back as early as possible. 这些申请表应尽早地寄回,这是很重要的。 5. It is vital that enough money be collected to fund the project. 重要的是募集足够的钱,为这个项目提供资金。 25. It was essential that we ______ lease (契约) before the end of the month. A. sign B. signed C. had signed D. were signing 26. It is important that the TOEFL office ______ your registration. A. will confirm B. confirm C. confirms D. must confirm

27. It’s necessary that qualification. A. has B. have




recognized D. having

A. must have

B. had

C. have

D. had had

C. had

28. It is highly desirable that a new chairman ______ for the committee. A. will be elected B. elect C. is elected D. be elected 考点3. 句子语义中暗含有“想让某人做某事”

33. His silence at the meeting suggested that he ______ to your plan. A. didn’t agree B. hadn’t agreed C. wouldn’t agree D. not agree 34. He suggested ______ a meeting and it may be suggested he ______ in our plan. A. to hold; was interested B. /; was interested C. holding; should be interested D. should hold; interested

29. The idea is that the nation ______ an unmanned spacecraft to explore the planet first. A. sent B. sends C. send D. must send 30. There is a general understanding among the members of the Board of Directors that chief attention ______ to the undertaking that is expected to bring in highest profit. A. is given B. gives C. should be given D. must be given 考点4. 最常考点两个词:suggest,insist

写作专练4. 用“ (should)+动词原形”来表达“想让 某人做某事” (P. 错误!未定义书签。 )

suggest 作“表明、暗示”讲时,后面宾语从句 用陈述语气;作“建议”讲时,含有“想让某人做 某事”之意,后面宾语从句用虚拟语气,谓语用 “ (should)+动词原形” 。 insist 作“坚持说”时,后面宾语从句用陈述语 气;作“坚持要求”时,含有“想让某人做某事” 之意,后面宾语从句用虚拟语气,谓语用“ (should) +动词原形” 。 He insisted that I had read his letter. 他坚持说我看过 他的信。 (insist“坚持说” ,陈述语气) He insisted that I should read his letter. 他坚持要我看他的信。 (insist“坚持要求” ,虚拟语 气) He suggested that we (should) stay for dinner. 他建议 我们留下吃饭。 ( “建议” ,虚拟语气) What he said suggested that he was a cheat. 他说的话表明他是个骗子。 ( “表明” ,陈述语气) 31. The young man insisted that he ______ nothing wrong and ______ free. A. did; set B. had done; should be set C. do; be set D. had done; must be set 32. —What did the doctor say about your mother’s illness? —He suggested that she ______ an operation at once.

第5讲 用 should 表示“感到意外、吃惊”

should 可用来表示说话人对某事不能理解, 感到意外、惊异等意思。意为“竟会” 。常用于下 面两种情况: I. 疑问词 how, why 等连用,有“竟、会”之意。 ① Why should you stand there like a fool? 你怎么像傻子一样站在那里? ② How should I know? Has it anything to do with me? 我怎么知道?这和我有什么关系? ③ I don’t know why you should have told him that much. 我不明白你为什么跟他说那么多。 (should + have done 表示已发生的情况。 ) II. 在 It’s surprising/ strange/ a pity... 以 及 I’m surprised / sorry...等句型中,当“竟然会”讲。 ① It’s surprising that you should be so foolish. 真令人吃惊,你竟会如此愚蠢!(现在) ② It’s surprising that you should have failed to pass such an exam. 真令人吃惊, 这样的考试你竟然不及格。 (已发生) 考点1. 对现在的情况表示吃惊

C. should go out

D. goes out

4. It is surprising that he ____ have been so foolish. A. must B. could C. should D. can

写作专练5. 使用 should 来表示“吃惊” (P. 错误! 未定义书签。 )

对现在的情况表示 吃惊 时,用 “should +动 词原形 ” 。 It’s surprising that he should be so rude to his girlfriend. 1. It is strange that such a thing ______ in your school. A. will happen B. happens C. should happen D. happened 2. 【2001 上海】 You can’t imagine that a well-behaved gentleman _____ be so rude to a lady. A. might B. need C. should D. would 考点2. 对过去的情况表示吃惊

对 过 去 情 况 表 示 吃 惊 时 , 用 “should + have + done” 。如: It’s wonderful that you should have achieved so much in these years. 3. It’s strange that he ______ without saying good-bye to us. A. should have gone out B. went



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