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M5U1 Word power


Adjectives to describe personality

In the letter from Sarah, we learn that she believes that her friend is __________. unreliable
I feel betrayed by my friend, Hannah. She to

ld others my secret.

Andrew also wrote a letter to Annie to tell her the quarrel between him and his friend, Matthew and the difference happened to Matthew.

quarrel

cheerful and outgoing

quiet and sad

Adjectives like ‘unreliable, cheerful, outgoing, quiet, sad’ can be used to describe people’s

personality.

Task 1: Guess
Who was he?
Father of Hybrid Rice.

He has devoted his life to
finding ways to grow more and more rice.

intelligent
hard-working confident

active determined energetic

unselfish modest

He is Yuan long ping.

Task 2: Let’s have a try.
Use some adjectives to describe

people’s personalities.

The brother from “brother’s happiness” What kind of person is he?

kind/ helpful/ warmhearted smart/ clever /diligent/strongminded

Try to describe their

personalities.

白岩松 杨澜 陈光标

Task 3:
Match these adjectives to their
meanings.

? treating people as his friends ? spending more time in study or work ? deserving trust

1. dependable/
reliable

2. friendly 3. hardworking

? having or showing that someone has good manners ? always has consideration for others ? providing help or always being willing to help others

4. considerable 5. helpful 6. wellmannered

Exercises
Fill in the blanks.
generous talkative moody
timid(胆怯的) determined 1. When you talk to my cousin, Tommy, I am sure your topic will never dry up

because he is quite fond of talking.
That is to say my cousin is t_______. alktive

2. He is not mean with his money but willing to share or ready to give others freely. So he is ________. generous 3. It is difficult to get on well with Mr. Smith because his feeling or mood is always changing quickly. So Mr. Smith is _______. moody

4. He is so t____ imid that he quite easily

got frightened.
5. Don’t waste time to persuade

him to give up his plan he has
make the decision firmly. So he is

a etermined d_________ person.

Let’s look at the other examples of how adjectives are used to describe people’s personality.

A: We have a new classmate this term. He is from America. He is not only polite, but also open-minded and humorous, so everyone likes him.

B: Oh, we have a teacher from England, who teaches us spoken English. He is helpful, though sometimes a bit boring.

Adjectives

positive adjectives negative adjectives

to describe
personality

‘unreliable, jealous, moody’ are
negative, while ‘cheerful, outgoing, open-minded’ are positive.

Can you divide them into different circles

generous impolite helpful dishonest narrow-minded reliable

positive
negative

warm-hearted stubborn honest boring friendly bad-tempered

Competition
Think of more adjectives to describe
personality.

The group which come up with the
most words wins.

Positive

Negative

generous warm-hearted reliable open-minded honest helpful polite friendly

dishonest narrow-minded stubborn bad-tempered unreliable impolite unkind boring

Positive carefree cheerful hard-working kind loyal modest self-confident trustworthy

Negative dull careless annoying conservative cowardly cruel mean two-faced shy naughty

What is synonyms?
Words that have the same or similar meaning. What is antonyms? Words that have the opposite meaning.

Synonyms strong-

Antonyms hardlazy

minded

determined

working

reliable dependable generous selfish

friendly happy …

kind …

talkative …

quiet
rude

cheerful polite



More exercises
Synonyms brave courageous

Antonyms openminded narrowminded

smart

clever

introvert extrovert

loyal diligent

faithful
hardworking

selfish selfless sad

happy

passionate enthusiastic modest conceited

Guess the meaning of the following expressions: giving or ready to give freely: g_______ enerous providing help or always being willing to help others: h_____ elpful feeling or mood changing quickly: m____ oody

easily frightened: t____ imid
with one’s mind firmly made up:

d__________ eterminded fond of talking: t_______ alkative
strong-willed or determined: s_____________ trong-minded dependable: r______ eliable

Finish the exercise on page 7
keys: 1. easy-going 3. shy 5. honest 2. quiet 4. friendly 6. hard-working

7. humorous

8. strict

Describe and Guess
One is going to stand in front of the

class and describe the personality of
his/her friends, the others are trying

to guess him/her out.

I have a good friend. We have been good/best friends since … He/She is very ____,_____,_____ , … So I like him/her very much. We are both very______. But I know he is not perfect, sometimes he is _____. …… Can you guess who is he/she?

Build positive personality
Do you want to be a popular student?

Do you want to make true friends?


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