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教师用高考英语短文改错 Microsoft Word 文档


教师用高考短文改错

高考英语短文改错专题
短文改错常见错误类型 1. 谓语动词的错误是历年考试的重点和热点 常见动词错误类型有 ① 一般现在时与一般过去时错用; ② and 前后动词时态不一致; ③ 主谓不一致; ④ 缺少动词,特别是 be 动词; ⑤ 第三人称单数形式错用; ⑥ 主动语态和被动语态错用。 1)They did not want me to do any work at home; they want me to devote all my time to my studies.(did 改为 do 属于 ①) 2)As we climbed the mountain, we fed monkeys, visiting temples and told stories. (visiting 改为 visited 错误类型属于②) 3) There will an important game next month.(will 后加 be 错误类型属于④) 4)One evening she told me that something happened when her parents was out.( ③ 主谓不一 致) 2. 名词的常见错误 单复数名词错用;注意区分名词是可数还是不可数;或根据名词前的修饰语或谓语动词 的单复数来判断。 ① I’ll get good marks in all my subject.(subject 改为 subjects) ② Their word were a great encouragement to me.(word 改为 words) ③ Without enough knowledges, you can never teach well.(knowledges 改为 knowledge) 3. 连词错误 连词包括关系代词、副词,并列连词 and/ or/but 等 (一般考查从句关系 who/ whom/whose/what/which/how/why/when/where/if/whether ) ① I have a good friend who’s name is Liu Mei. (错用了 who 的所有格形式改为 whose) ② I teach them, play with them, but watch them growing up.(此处应该是并列的关系而非转 折,but 改为 and) ③ Clever as she is, but she works very hard. ④ When I was a child, rain was a mystery. In one class, I learned it rained. 4. 冠词错误 误用 a 和 an(根据单词的因素来判定) ;误用 a 和 the(固定搭配,各自单独使用的地方) 多余的冠词或则少冠词。 ① We may be one family and live under a same roof. (a 改为 the the same 是固定搭配) ② As everyone knows, it’s famous mountain with all kinds of pants.(mountain 是可数 名词需用冠词,所以加 a ) ③ My teacher advised me to keep my dairy. ④ I hope you have pleasant journey. 5. 形容词和副词错误 1) 系动词后用形容词(be/am/is/are/was/were/become/go/感官性动词 smell /feel) 2) 词性的误用 形容词修饰名词 修饰 实义动词,形容词和副词,过去分词用副词 ① I’m sure we’ll have a wonderfully time together. (time 是名词 所以要用形容词 wonderful 修饰) ② My pronunciation was terribly. 6. 代词错误 1)代词的主格和宾格(I / me; He/him; She/ her; We/ us ;They/ them )

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教师用高考短文改错

2)反身代词(myself/yourself/himself/herself/themselves/ourselves) 3)代词的单数和复数 4)多余的代词和少代词 ① Soon I began to enjoy talking to myself on paper as I was learning to express me in simple English. (express oneself, me 改为 myself ) ② One day I wrote a little story and showed to my teacher. (加 it) ③ If any one of us had any difficulty in our life and study, the other would help him out. ④ What’s more , you have to be friends with your pupils and take good care of him. 7. 非谓语动词的常见错误 1)不定式,动名词作主语,宾语。 2)and 连接的不定式或动名词前后一致(尤其距离较远时) , 3)介词后用动名词 ving 形式作宾语。 4)某些动词后要求接动名词或不定式。 ① Soon I began to enjoy talk to myself on paper as I was…. (enjoy 后需接动名词 talk--talking) ② But his parents think go to college is more important than playing sports.(作主语 改为 going ) ③ Children may not develop the habit of read and the ability to enjoy themselves. ④ I particularly enjoyed driving through the countryside with you and saw the changing colors of the leaves on the trees. 8. 介词错误 1)词组中的介词误用,2)介词意思理解偏差,3)介词的多用或少用 ① There are too many people among my family.(among 改为 in in my family 为固定搭配) ② I was so tired that I fell asleep at the moment my head touched the pillow. (去掉 at ) 9. 习惯用法要记住 主要考查习惯搭配方面的基础知识。这也是历年高考常考点,其错误表现形式主要有三种:

多词、少词和搭配错误。
例如:It was very kind for them to meet me at the railway station and… of We must keep in mind that we play for the team instead ∧ ourselves. of 10. 逻辑错误须关注 与句子的上、下文不一致, 甚至相矛盾,属于逻辑性错误。 如称谓上的张冠李戴,人名、 地名、时间、方位等方面的错误,常是这类错误的考查对象。例如: The Smiths did his best to make me feel at home. their First, let me tell you something more about myself. 去掉 more … no way of setting the matter except by selling the set.Now someone at home reads instead. everyone 除了上述错误类型外,常考的错误形式还有:连词 but, and, or 和 so 的用法错误(可以归类 为逻辑错误) ,以及冠词的用法错误等。例如: She was smiling but nodding at me. and It looks as if my parents treat me as a visitor and a guest. or We may be one family and live under a same roof. the

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教师用高考短文改错

下面短文中共有 10 处错误,错误涉及一个单词的增加、删除或修改。 增加:在缺词处加一个漏词符号(∧) ,并在此符号下面写出该加的词。 删除:把多余的词用斜线(\)划掉。 修改:在错的词下划一横线,并在该词下面写出修改后的词。 注意:1.每处错误及其修改均仅限一词; 2.只允许修改 10 处,多者(从第 11 处起)不计分 Passage 1 It was 7:15 in the morning of February 8, 2007. I was walking along Park Road towards the east while an old man came out of the park on the other sides of the street. Then I saw a yellow car drive up Third Street and made a right turn into Park Road. The next moment the car hit the man while she was crossing the road. He fell with a cry. The car didn’t stop and drive off at full speed heading west. I noticed the driver was young woman wore a pair of glasses and the plate number was AC864. After two minutes later, I stopped a passed car and took the old man to the nearest hospital. Passage 2 I often quarrel about my mother over whether I can watch TV after school. She holds view that senior three students have to make fully use of every minute to work hard at their lessons. It seems to me that once I am allowed to do that, I’ll unable to control myself and forget all about my study. She also thinks it is bad for my eye. But I really can’t accept her ideas. In my opinion, watch TV can set my mind at rest after a day’s hard works. Besides, it is important for us to know what had happened at home and at abroad. Thus, we shouldn’t be forbidden to watch TV. Passage 3 Dear sir, Last year I buy a refrigerator in your store on Chang An road. We all like shape of the refrigerator. And recently I find something is wrong with it. It begins to make noise when it turned on. At first it is low but gradually it become louder and louder. To make the matter worse, it even stops working sometimes. We all feel disappointing. I am writing you to ask for help. Would you please send a people to repair it? I will at home this weekend. Please call me before you come to here. My telephone number is 6606.5531. Thanks you very much. Customer Li Ming Passage 4
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教师用高考短文改错

I first met Li Ming at a friend birthday party five years ago. Then I invited Li Ming over in my place.We listen to my CDs together and soon become best friends. Three years ago, Li Ming’s parents invited I to spend two wonderful week in Qingdao with them during the summer holiday. Li Ming and I loved walking along the beautifully beaches there. Last year I was ill but had to stay in hospital for a week. Li Ming came see me every day. Then his father has changed jobs and they moved to another city. Since then we haven’t see each other much. But we’ve kept writing to each other. Passage 5 I feel quite sure the chemistry test that we’re going to have tomorrow. The teacher has already told us exact what to study and I think my grades on homework has been good.In a fact, I think chemistry has always been one of the subjects that I enjoy it most. Susan and I had already spent two hours review pages 115-140 tonight. We are going to devote another hour to practise with some of the sample(实例) problem. Then I will ready for the test. Passage 6 Dear Susan, I'm very gladly to hear you are coming to visit me the next Friday. Unfortunately, I won't be able to meet you at the airport although I have classes in the afternoon. You won't find difficult to get to the city center. The airport bus leaves every 30 minute and will take you rightly to the Friendship Hotel. My classes will be over by then or I will pick you up there. I will take you together to a hot pot restaurant for dinner and we'll talk with our plan for the weekend over dinner. Having a pleasant trip and see you Friday. Yours, Zhang Ming

Key for reference:
Passage 1 It was 7:15 in the morning of February 8, 2007. I was walking along Park Road towards the on east while an old man came out of the park on the other sides of the street. Then I saw a when side yellow car drive up Third Street and made a right turn into Park Road. The next moment make the car hit the man while she was crossing the road. He fell with a cry. The car didn’t stop he and drive off at full speed heading west. I noticed the driver was∧young woman ∧wore a pair
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教师用高考短文改错

drove a who/改为 wearing of glasses and the plate number was AC864. After two minutes later, I stopped a passed car passing and took the old man to the nearest hospital. Passage 2 I often quarrel about my mother over whether I can watch TV after with school. She holds∧ view that senior three students have to make fully use of the full every minute to work hard at their lessons. It seems to me that once I am her allowed to do that, I’ll∧ unable to control myself and forget all about my be study. She also thinks it is bad for my eye. But I really can’t accept her ideas. eyes In my opinion, watch TV can set my mind at rest after a day’s hard works. watching work Besides, it is important for us to know what had happened at home and at\ has 删除 at abroad. Thus, we shouldn’t be forbidden to watch TV. Passage 3 Dear sir, Last year I buy a refrigerator in your store on Chang An road. We all like∧ shape of the bought the refrigerator. And recently I find something is wrong with it. It begins to make noise when it But ∧turned on. At first it is low but gradually it become louder and louder. To make the matter is(或去 it) becomes worse, it even stops working sometimes. We all feel disappointing. I am writing you to ask disappointed for help. Would you please send a people to repair it? I will ∧ at home this weekend.Please man/ person be/stay call me before you come to here. My telephone number is 6606.5531. Thanks you very Thank much. Customer Li Ming Passage 4 I first met Li Ming at a friend birthday party five years ago. Then I invited Li Ming over in my friend’s to place. We listen to my CDs together and soon become best friends. Three years ago, Li Ming’s listened parents invited I to spend two wonderful week in Qingdao with them during the summer
5

教师用高考短文改错

me a weeks holiday. Li Ming and I loved walking along the beautifully beaches there. Last year I was ill but beautiful and had to stay in hospital for a week. Li Ming came ∧ see me every day. Then his father has to changed jobs and they moved to another city. Since then we haven’t see each other much. but seen we’ve kept writing to each other. Passage 5 I feel quite sure∧the chemistry test that we’re going to have tomorrow. The teacher about/of has already told us exact what to study and I think my grades on homework has been exactly have good.In a fact, I think chemistry has always been one of the subjects that I enjoy it most. Susan and I had already spent two hours review pages 115-140 tonight. We have reviewing are going to devote another hour to practise with some of the sample(实例) problem. practicing problems Then I will ∧ready for the test. be Passage 6 Dear Susan, I'm very gladly to hear you are coming to visit me the next Friday. Unfortunately, I won't be able glad to meet you at the airport although I have classes in the afternoon. You won't find∧difficult to get because/as it to the city center. The airport bus leaves every 30 minute and will take you rightly to the minutes right Friendship Hotel. My classes will be over by then or I will pick you up there. I will take you and together to a hot pot restaurant for dinner and we'll talk with our plan for the weekend over dinner. about Having a pleasant trip and see you Friday. Have Yours, Zhang Ming

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