Module 3 The Violence of Nature
flood hurricane lightning thunderstorm sandstorm tornado earthquake typhoon volcano tropical equator
Ⅰ. 单词?分类记忆 last week a disastrous earthquake _______ struck 【核心单词】不可不记 was buried (strike) this area and the whole city _______ 1. experience __________ (vt. ) 经历 (bury) in the ruins , ____________(cause) causing 2. cause _____ (vt. ) 引起; 导致 (n. ) 原因; 事业; 目标 serious damage to the people . When the bury (vt. ) 埋葬 3. _____ occurred disaster _____________(occur), I was doing 4. occur _____ (vi. ) 发生 my home work . I think it was one of the 5. _____ strike (vt. &n. ) (雷电、暴风雨等)袭击 experiences most frightening ____________________ 6. damage _______ (n. &v. ) 损失; 损害 ( experience ) that I have ever had .
7. ____ ruin (vt. )毁坏(n. )废墟
lucky Sadly was ruined 8. luckily ______ (adv. the )幸运地 ; 幸亏 →_____ (adj. )幸运的 _______(sad), whole city ________(ruin) luck in earthquake . Some people sruvived →the ____ (n. )运气, 好运 luck but with_______(luck),_______more people hopefully (adv. )满怀希望地; 有希望地→hopeful 9. _________ _______ lose their lives. Nobody could get out of (sadness adj. )有希望的→_____ (n. &vt. )希望 , 期望 hope Hopefully _________(sad) immediately .__________ 10. _____ adv. )伤心地; 不幸地 ___ adj. )悲伤的 sadly sad ( (hope), the(government has → taken some action measures them. Let’s take ________ →_______ (nhelp . )悲伤 sadness to (active ) to offer our help too. 11. warning ________( n. )警告 →_____( vt warn . )警告
12. active ______(adj. )积极的; 活跃的→activity _______(n. )活动
disaster 13. _______ (n. possibility )灾难 14. _______ (nenjoying . )海流; 潮流 There is no of my furnishfilms 15. ________ (n . )家具 →_______ (vt. )装备 , 配备 the violent and terrifying which furniture
are full of disasters violence. violent 16. ______ (adj . )猛烈的; and 激烈的 ; 强烈的
(translate) →_______ violence (n. )暴力 我不可能喜欢那些充满灾难和暴力的 17. possibility _________ (n. )可能; 可能性→_______ possible (adj. ) 野蛮而恐怖的电影。
可能的→possibly _______ (adv. )可能地
18. terrifying _________ (adj. )吓人的; 可怕的→terrified ________
(adj. )恐惧的, 受惊吓的→terrify ______ (vt. )使恐惧; 惊吓
? pick up ? take off ? put down
? on average
? end up with
? warn sb. not to do ? 警告某人不要干…… ? for ever ? 永远 ? of all time
? more than ? 有史以来 超过
set fire to 放火 ______________ (焚烧)?? catch fire _____ 着火 put out ________ 扑灭(火) turn over 翻过来 _________________ ; 翻阅(书页) take place _____ 发生 in all __________ 总共; 总计
二、高频词汇活用 一言辨异 1.Mrs.Li has over ten years' teaching ________
and she has been ________ happiness in teaching. She is especially ________ in explaining grammar， so we all regard her as an ________ teacher. (experience)
2.The traffic accident that happened yesterday ________ Mary. It was really a ________ experience to her，and now she is still ________ at the thought of getting on a bus. (terrify)
语境取词——选用复习的单词或短语填空 terrifying (可怕的) earthquake struck A _________ ______ (袭击) causing (引起) a lot of _______ damage (损失). the area, _______ buried(埋葬) under the _____ ruins Many people were ______ Luckily (废墟) and several people lost their lives. _______ (幸运地), people all over the world offered occurred/took place 发生). their help immediately it _________________(
篇章学习（Translation） There are various kinds of natural disasters all over the world，such as floods， hurricanes，thunderstorms and so on. Once any of these natural disasters takes place，it will do great damage to us human beings. Hopefully，there will be a possibility that we humans will get natural disasters under control.
They can destroy houses, leave the furniture inside exactly where it was but_______________________________
(把房内的家具留在原处). 【仿写】放学后，不要把钱留在教室里。 After school, don’t leave your money in the classroom ______________________________.
On average, there are 800 tornadoes in the US each
year, causing about 80 deaths and 1, 500 injuries 造成大 _____________________________________( 约80人死亡，1 500人受伤).
损失。Hurricane struck the area last night,
causing great damage ___________________.
3. by the time引导的时间状语从句 By the time it ended 到它停时), more than 700 __________________( people had been killed and 2, 700 had been injured. 【仿写】到我们回来时，他们都已经睡着了。
_______________________, By the time we came back they all had fallen asleep
4. There is the possibility of. . . 有??的可能性 When the lava reached the sea, _______________________( there was the possibility of 有??的可能性) a huge tidal wave which could flood half the island. 【仿写】没有改变投票程序的可能性。 There is no possibility of changing ______________________________the voting
*(2013· 重庆高考 )One of the greatest gifts one generation can give to other generations is the wisdom it has gained from experience.
Our country has experienced great changes in the
past 30 years.
There are violent winds of 120 kilometres per hour
or more，which cause huge waves，heavy rain and floods. 烈风风速达每小时120千米或更多，这引起巨大的 海浪、暴雨和洪水 The Lampbrella would move at a relatively low speed, so as not to cause harm to the pedestrians. Lampbrella 将以相对很低的速度行驶，为了不对 行人造成伤害。
* (2013·新 课 标 全 国 卷 Ⅱ)Having all the information in one place could end up saving your mother’s life. 把所有信息放在一起就能最终救你妈妈的命。
*He ended up as head of the firm.
be devoted to=devote oneself to be absorbed in concentrate on focus on fix one’s attention on occupy oneself in doing/with sth =be occupied in doing/with sth
【经典句式】 1. They can destroy houses, but leave the furniture inside exactly where it was. 它们能毁掉房子，却把房内的家具留在原处。
【填一填?激活思维】 leaving his son at home ①He went out to work, ____________________. 他外出工作去了，把他的儿子留在家里。 ②I left my dictionary where I could easily get it. 我把词典放在了我很容易拿到的地方。 译：___________________________________
“leave+sth. /sb. +宾语补足语”为 leave的复 合结构，此时 leave 作使役动词，表示“使 / 让??保持某种状态”，常跟复合宾语。构 成如下： 名词/形容词/副词/介词短语/分词 /不定式 leave sth. /sb. where引导的地点状语从句
*The teacher left little Tom standing all the time. 老师让小汤姆一直站着。 *Leave him to do it himself. 让他自己去做这件事吧。 *His parents both died last year, leaving him an orphan. 他父母去年双双去世，使他成了孤儿。
当堂检测(单句改错) 1.I had been so occupied in my work that I forgot to buy a birthday gift for my daughter occupied----buried/absorbed或in---with
2.The accident hit the man who occurred to be a foreigner, so it was hard to deal with. hit---occurred to/happened to occurred---happened
3.It suddenly struck to me that this was something that I should never do, so I turned down her request. struck---occurred或去掉to
1. The man removed his clothes and jumped into the lake to save the boy. ( took off ) 2. It never occurred to her to ask anyone. (struck )
3. A man fell down to the ground from a truck because it gained speed suddenly. ( picked up) 4. He was so absorbed in his work that he even forgot his meals. ( buried ) 5. He was crazy and set the house on fire. ( set fire to )
Summary Words for writing: experience/cause/bury occur/on average /warn sb. not to do /take place/more than Sentences: 现在分词短语作结果状语 “leave+sth. /sb. +宾语补足语” There is the possibility of/that
平均起来, 每年都会发生各种各样的自然灾害, 甚至有些会出乎人们的预料。 昨天, 一场强烈的飓风突然袭击了该地区, 导致很多房屋和车辆被毁, 甚至有两人被埋在 倒塌的房屋下。幸运的是, 事发后人们及时 把他们救了出来。在将来, 有可能有经验的专家 能够准确地预报一些可怕的自然灾害。
On average, all kinds of natural disasters occur every year, and even some are beyond people’s expectation. A violent hurricane suddenly struck/hit the area yesterday, causing the ruin of many houses and cars. What’s worse, even two persons were buried under the collapsed houses. Luckily/Fortunately, people came to save them from the ruins of the houses after it occurred. There is a possibility that experienced experts will be able to forecast some terrifying natural disasters accurately in the future.
3. drought n. 干旱
4. hurricane n. 飓风
6. tornado n. 7. survivor 8. hit
龙卷风 n. 幸存者 vt. 袭击, 打击, 使遭受
9. threaten 10. severely 11. fall down 12. bring about 13. get/be stuck 14. get sb. into. . . 15. burn down 16. in ruins 17. sweep down 18. do damage to
vt. 威胁 adv. 严重地 倒塌 引起, 导致 陷进去, 被困住 使某人陷入 烧毁, 烧成平地 成为废墟 吹倒, 席卷, 冲倒 对??造成破坏
【经典语篇】 2013年7月22日7时45分, 甘肃省定西市岷县、 漳县交界处发生里氏6. 6级地震。地震灾害造成19 个县区不同程度的破坏, 75人死亡, 14人失踪, 许多 建筑物倒塌。灾难并不能击垮灾区人民的精神。 灾区人民在人民解放军的帮助下展开自救。我们
请根据以上内容, 写一篇120个词左右的英 语短文, 并提醒人们不要忘记灾难和在危难时
参考词汇: 里氏6. 6级measuring 6. 6 degrees on the
Richter scale 交界处on the boundary between. . . 不同程度various degrees 解放军the PLA
[描述地震]An earthquake measuring 6. 6 degrees on the Richter scale occurred on the boundary between Min county and Zhang county, Dingxi, Gansu Province at 7:45 on the morning of July 22nd, 2013, ①which caused various degrees of destruction of nineteen
counties and killed 75 people and caused 14
people missing at the same time and many
buildings were destroyed.
However, the brave people in the earthquake -stricken area were not beaten down by the
disaster. Now they are saving themselves that the area is to be built to be a modern
beautiful place again.
with the help of the PLA. We hold a firm belie
Several months has passed, but we should never forget the damage the earthquake caused to them and those who are still in terrible trouble, so we should try our best to
help them out, for it is a fine tradition of our
My teacher has much experience in teaching English.
By the time you come here tomorrow, I will have left.
Carelessness is often the cause of fires.
It occurred to me to visit my teacher.
He buried himself in books all day to escape from his sadness.
? 位于城市北部的体育馆，被认为是该地区 的标志性建筑。这是第一次在此处举办艺 术品展览会。体育馆中心陈列着各种作品 ，价格从100美元到100,000美元不等。面对 拥挤的交通，警察不得不忙于用手势指导 参观者遵守交通规则。
? The stadium, situated in the north of our city, is considered as a landmark . This is the first time that an art exhibition has been held here. In the middle of it lie a wide range of works, whose prices range from $100 to 100,000$. Faced with the heavy traffic, the police have to be busy signing to the visitors to obey the traffic rules.
必修3 Module 4 Sandstorms in Asia
frightening frightened mass a mass of\ masses of process forecast strength environment recycle
1. 可怕的、吓人的 害怕的、感到害怕的 2. 大量的；大规模的 许多的，大量的 3. 进程、过程 4. 预报、预告 5. 力量、力气 6. 环境 7. 重新利用、再循环
concerned be concerned about evidence major urgent
8. 关心的、担心的 担心、关心 9. 证据、证明 10. 主要的、多数的 11. 紧急的
as far as I’m concerned 就我所知、在我看来
complain to sb about sth 向某人抱怨某事
nutshell (in a nutshell) 13. 简单的一句话
absolutely 14. 绝对地
in a …… situation appear to appear to have done as a result of cut down
处在…境况中 好像干… 好像干过 由于 砍倒 削减、降低
wake up to
advise sb to do …
prevent… (from) doing…
stop\ keep …from doing
语境取词——选用上面的单词或短语填空 in 吸收) carbon We all know that trees can take ______( give out 放出) oxygen that we need. dioxide and _______(
masses (大 But we have been _______ down (砍倒) ______ cutting _____ 量的) of trees, which ______________ has a bad effect on
___ (对??有坏影响) our living environment. If it
continues, we ____________( 不得不) face the can’t help but
one after another(一个接一个地 natural disasters _______________
1. appear to have done sth. 好像做了某事
Sandstorms in China appear to have increased in recent years ___________________________________ (似乎在最近几年增加了)as a result of
【仿写】他们的要求似乎已得到满足。 Their requirements appear to have been met/satisfied _____________________________.
2. make +it +adj. /n. + to do. . . (it在句中充当形式
The storms sometimes continue all day and traffic moves very slowly because the thick dust
makes it difficult to see 使得能见度很低). ____________________(
【仿写】水里的矿物质使得这水挺难喝的。 The minerals in the water made it unpleasant to drink ________________________.
3. do nothing but do sth. 只能做某事 complain 除了抱怨). He does nothing but ____________( 【仿写】老人的儿子除了玩游戏之外，什么都不 干。
did nothing but play games The old man’s son ________________________.
4. if/when/whenever possible构成的省略句
The garbage is then taken away and, if possible 如果可能的话)，recycled. _________( 【仿写】如果可能的话, 请在今晚以前告诉我。 ________________________________________ If possible, please let me know by this evening.
5. get sb. to do sth. 让某人做某事 The“Green” movement tries to get governments to think seriously about 让政府 ___________________________________( 认真思考)the environment and how to look after it. 【仿写】我搬家具时请了他帮忙。
I got him to help me when I moved the __________________________________________
*(2013· 山东高考) One day, he gathered up all his strength and decided to attend a job interview. 一天，他鼓足勇气决定参加工作面试。 * Criticism and self-criticism can strengthen unity. 批评与自我批评能增进团结。
分的含义。 (2013· 浙江高考)He helped me identify my weaknesses and my strengths. ( advantages )
【核心短语】3. take in ①He was homeless, so we took him in. ( 收养，收留 ) ②Don’t be taken in by his charming manner; he’s completely cruel. ( 欺骗 ) ③On weekends the Smiths usually drive to the countryside and take in the fresh air there.
④This dress needs to be taken in at the waist. ( ) 改小 ⑤Her lecture took in all the recent developments in the subject. ( ( 领会，理解 ) 包括，包含 ) ⑥I hope you’re taking in what I’m saying.
【记一记?构建知识】 take off take on take over take up take down 脱下；起飞；请假；(事业)成功 呈现；雇用；承担 接收；接管 占据；开始从事 记下；写下；拆下
5. give out
①Just as I approached the town, my legs finally
gave out. ( 筋疲力尽 )
②His strength gave out after he ran that long
distance. ( 用完，耗尽 )
③A gas lamp gave out a pale yellowish light.
( 发出，放出 ) ④The teacher gave out the examination papers. ( 分发 )
⑤The news of the President’s death was
given out in a radio broadcast. ( 宣布，发布 )
⑥One of the plane’s engines gave out in midAtlantic. ( 出故障 )
1. environment 2. harmony 3. action 4. pollution 5. pour 6. harm n. 环境 n. 和谐 n. 行为 n. 污染 v. 倾倒 v. 对??有害
8. totally 9. badly 10. effective 11. reusable
adv. 完全地 adv. 严重地 adj. 有效的 adj. 可再使用的
12. appeal to sb. to do sth. 呼吁某人做某事 13. result in 14. take measures 导致 采取措施
15. to make matters worse 使事情更糟糕的是
16. prevent. . . from. . . 阻止??免于??
17. form a habit of. . .
18. leave. . . behind
近段时间, 我国雾霾天气频现, 危害严重。请你根据以下 提示写一篇短文。 1. 雾霾天气的危害: (1)损害人体健康; (2)能见度低, 影响公共交通, 交通事故频发, 高速公路关闭。 2. 雾霾产生的原因: 空气污染, 各种灰尘、尾气排放。 3. 自我防护的方法: (1)减少户外活动, 外出回来用自来水洗手、洗脸; (2)外出带质量好的面罩。
参考词汇：雾霾天气：haze weather 尾气排放：exhaust emission
appears in our country，which has not only done
harm to people’s health, but also affected the public transportation. As a result, terrible accidents happen every now and then, and some freeways have to be shut down because of the low visibility.
Obviously, air pollution is the main factor that has resulted in the frequency of haze weather, and at the same time, all kinds of dust and exhaust emissions from cars and buses have made the situation even worse.
So proper measures should be adopted to deal with the serious problem. For students, opportunities for outdoor sports activities should be decreased, washing faces and hands with running water after each outing is also important, and do not forget to wear a good-quality mask to
protect yourself while going outside.
Module 2 Developing and Developed Countries
1.Deal with the difficulties in homework
2. Review Module 2 of Book 3 3.Homework for today
答案：1.C 2？3？4.D 5.D Ⅰ. Para. 1: Prolonging human life has increased The size of the human population. Para. 2: Prolonging human life has also increased the dependency load. Para. 3: When older people become senile or too
weak and ill to care for themselves, they create
serious problems for their families.
Ⅱ. 1. in times of difficulty 2. At any given time
3. are dependent on 4. cared for
hunger income poverty development measure expectancy
饥饿 收入 贫穷 发展 测定，测量 预期数额
similarity unfortunate industrial knowledge polluted reduce poverty
类似，相似 不幸的 工业的 知识 受到污染的 减少贫穷
in three ways
at the top of
make sure make progress make efforts move out of poverty more than a long period of time
弄清楚，确信 取得进步 努力 摆脱贫穷 超过，多于 很长的一段时间
words for reading
As a developing country, there are still a lot of people who
is below the poverty line in China. They are strongly
hungry for a better life. Fortunately, our government has
taken many steps to raise the incomes of the inhabitants in poor areas, such as developing the local Industry and tourism, building the freeway and increasing the
investment in education. (Translation)
words for writing measure figure exchange
educate fortunate pollute make progress make efforts up to
语境取词——选用上面的单词或短语填空 is connected with People’s happiness ______________（与……相关） Up to the development of the country. _____ now, China has been making _____________( efforts 努力) to develop economy. ____________________________( In the last ten years in particular尤其在最近十年),
great changes have taken place in our country. The
majority of people have reached or ___________a been close to
well-off standard of living.
1.measure v&n vt. 测定；测量；评估；
take measures to do sth
政府正在采取措施努力改变他们的生活。 The government is taking measures to change
their life. 你知道那座长达200米的桥梁的历史吗？ *Do you know the history of that bridge measured
as long as 200 meters? measured---which measures
She works hard and doesn't measure the cost to
her health. consider
2. figure v&n
【记一记?构建知识】 (1)a key figure keep one’s figure
(2)figure that. . .
I was trying to figure out how to swim to the boys in a straight line.
我们相信, 随着经济的发展, 所有人将过上幸福 的生活。(figure) We figure that with the development of economy, all the people there will live a happy life.
辨一辩 3. close与closely A Don't get________to the fire. It's dangerous.
A．close B．closely C．closing D．closed
别站地离她那么近。 我们的工作和生活密切相关。 Don't stand so close to her. our work and life are closely connected.
同类用法知多少?______________________________ high/highly deep/deeply direct /directly
词形变化 pollute The river in my hometown has been polluted ________ with the waste from some local factories. The polluted ________ water has destroyed the crops and caused many diseases，so the public are strongly appealing the
government to stop the factories ________ polluting the water
any more and take measures to deal with thepollution ______
短语 up to ①I can take up to four people in my car. ( 多达 ) ②I have not received news from him up to now. ( 直到 ) ③He’s not up to the part of Othello. ( 胜任 )
④I don’t know what he has been up to. ( 忙于 )
⑤It’s up to you whether we accept the present or
not. ( 由??决定 )
1. Norway is at the top of the list，while
the US is at number 7.
①We know usually women stay at home and do all
the housework _____________________________ while men go out to earn their bread
②(2013· 浙江高考)Men lose an average of 3~4 cm in
height as they age, while women may lose 5 cm or
随着年龄的增长，男性身高平均减少 3 到 4 ____________________________________________
*While I understand what you say ， I can’t agree with you. 尽管我明白你说的话，但我还是不同意。
While she is a likeable girl，she can be extremely difficult to work with.
拓展：与此句有相同意义的连词有哪些？ 应注意什么？ 练一练：虽然只是个孩子但是他从不认为别人 帮助他是理所当然的。 Child as he is ,he never takes it for granted that others should help him.
2. It’s an agreement between towns or cities of similar size and age，and which have similar features such as tourism，industry，culture and entertainment.
be of +n=be +adj be of importance=be important be of significance= be significant be of value=be valuable
【填一填?激活思维】 ①The book he gave me is very valuable. (句型转换) is of =The book he gave me __ __great _____ value _____. 他给我的那本书非常有价值。 ②The two children are of the same age，but are of
1．From this agreement came the Human Development Report. (课文原句)
[句式仿写] 树下有些孩子。 Under the tree were some children. ________________ 那个老房子里住着一位老人。 In the old house lives an old man.
There lives an old man in the old house.
2．Although more than 80% of children in developing countries go to primary school，about 115 million children are not being educated.
[句式仿写] 虽然他很穷，他对朋友还是很慷慨。 Although he was very poor ________________________________ ，he was
quite generous to his friends.
3．The bottom ten countries are all African countries，with Sierra Leone (in West Africa) at the bottom of the list排在最后的10个国家都是非洲 国家，塞拉利昂(位于西非)排在名单的最后一位。 [句式仿写] 老师进来了，手里拿着一本书。 with a book in his hand The teacher came in,________________________
With the homework done, they went home happily.
1. There’s no way of knowing why one man makes an important discovery intelligent, fails. A. since C. as B. if D. while
another man, also
2. What shall we do tonight then?
— —whatever you want. B. It’s a deal D. It’s up to you
A. Help yourself C. No problem
3. The present situation is very complex, so I think、
it will take me some time to
A. make up C. look through B. figure out D. put off
4. Our government has taken
to stop the
hunters killing the tigers in northeastern part of
China. A. turns C. exercises B. measures D. photos
5. The discovery of these tombs is
studying the history of the Western Han. A.of very important
B. great significant
C. of great significance
D. great importance
6.The little boy sat_____ to his father and
listened_____ with great interest.
A. close; close B. closely; close
C. close; closely
D. closely; closely
1.measure figure exchange educate fortunate
pollute make progress make efforts up to
2.Some sentences It’s an agreement between towns or cities of similar size
Norway is at the top of the list，while the US is at number 7
From this agreement came the Human Development Report
微写作： 我的家乡在过去几年发生了巨大的变化。虽然 有些家庭收入很低, 生活贫苦，他们渴望幸福。 有人认为真正的贫穷是教育的缺乏，这种观点 非常有意义。政府正在采取措施努力改变他们的
其次, 发展旅游业, 这将大大促进经济的发展。
我们相信, 随着经济的发展, 人们将过上幸福的生活。
My hometown has witnessed its great changes in Last few years. While some households still have a low income and life is hard for them, they are hungry for a happy life. Some people figure that the real poverty is a lack of education, which is of great significance.
The government is taking measures and making efforts to change their life. First, all the children are sure to be educated up to 16 years old. Second, develop the tourism, which will promote the development of economy greatly. We hold a firm belief that with the development
of economy, all the people there will live a happy
1.Review what we learnt today 2.Finish the sentences and exercises on
Thank you for listening
4. 父母为他们的孩子安排一切, 并不遗余力地为他们的
【话题词汇】 1. majority n. 多数, 大多数
2. difficulty n. 困难
3. assistance n. 援助, 帮助
4. expect v. 期望, 期待
5. introduce vt. 介绍; 引进
vt. 完成; 达到
7. consume v. 消费; 花费
8. enlarge 9. unbelievable
vt. 扩大, 扩充 adj. 难以置信的
11. take place
12. communicate with
13. realize a dream
14. make breakthroughs 取得突破
15. be proud of 为??感到自豪
【经典语篇】 新中国成立以来, 我国发生了翻天覆地的变化, 并且 经过改革开放 , 中国的面貌已焕然一新。请你据此写一 篇120个词左右的英语作文, 谈谈自己的感想。 要求: 1. 列出生活中一两件反映家乡变化的事, 如购 新车、住新房等。 2. 最近我国成功发射“神舟”十号飞船, 三名航天员 再 次 访 问 “ 天 宫 ” 一 号 .(Shenzhou Ⅹ astronaut Tiangong-1 ) 3. 要表达出你的喜悦和自豪之情, 并谈谈你的感想。
Great changes have taken place since New China was founded, and ①thanks to reform and
opening-up, China has taken on a new look. In the
past we lived in the small and old houses and now
we move into new broad ones which are more than
one hundred square meters. At the same time,
many families have owned their new cars.
Besides, our country sent the Shenzhou Ⅹ into space smoothly and made three astronauts visit the Tiangong-1 again, which shows our scientific research has got great achievements.
We are very happy and proud of all these achievements. I am sure our country will become even stronger and richer. I love our motherland very much. Let’s work hard to make contributions to our country in the future.
1.我们因该采取措施来美化我们的环境。 We should take measures to beautify our environment. 2. 对于那个问题，我们的政府立场很坚定。 Our government holds a firm position on that issue. 3.出门之前一定要把门锁好。
Make sure that the doors are locked before you go out.
4. 父母为他们的孩子安排一切, 并不遗余力地为他们的成功
Parents arrange everything for their children and spare no
effort to pave the way for their success
These days, breaking traffic rules and littering are not uncommon, causing serious harm to life and the environment. Changing this situation requires considerable effort on the part of everyone. As for me, it should start on the way to school. I will keep traffic rules in mind all the way. If I ride a bicycle, I’ll always keep to the right and never cross a road until the traffic light turns green. If I walk, I’ll never forget to use the pedestrian crossing. Meanwhile, I’ll regard it as my duty to help keep our environment clean and healthy.
Not only will I keep from littering and spitting anywhere, I will also help clean up the roadside litter whenever possible. I hope my behavior will make a difference
21.Must 偏偏，非要 Must you make so much noise? 你就非得弄出这么大的声音吗？ Why must you always interrupt me? 你为什么硬是老要打断我？ We were ready to leave, but the baby must catch cold.
22.be supposed to do 理应
be thought/considered to be 被认为是
你们本该把这个练习作为你们的家庭作业 You were supposed to do this exercise for homework.
24.earn/make one’s living
=earn one’s bread
他通过教书来谋生。 He makes his living by teaching.
25.However +adj + 主语+谓语 Whatever +n +主语+谓语 He will never succeed however hard he tries. 不论他怎样努力,都不会获得成功。 不管遇到多大的困难，他都不会放弃。 However difficult the problems are, he won’t give up. Whatever the problems he will meet, he won’t give up.
写作片段训练 前几天学生会要招聘副主席，我参加了 竞选。我性格很好，耐心， 外向而且 意志力坚强，因此我觉得我能胜任这一职位。 令我非常高兴的是，今天有消息传出我 当选了。以后我要经常组织一些有趣的活动 比如英语演讲比赛或者辩论赛等。
Few days ago , the Students’ Union wanted a vice president and I joined in the election campaign . I have a wonderful character, patient , outgoing and strong-willed , therefore I think I am qualified for the position . Much to my delight, news came out that I have won the election . In the future I will frequently organize some entertaining activities , such as English speech contests or debates .
Learning aims : 1.Book Three Module 1 2.Some problems in holiday homework.
Tongue twister (绕口令） A big black bug bit a big black bear , made the big black bear bleed blood.
Can you tell me the Chinese meaning ? across prep. 横过，穿过 面向，面对 face v. 山脉，范围 range n. 象征，符号 symbol n. 计划，项目，工程 project n. civilisation n. 文明 ancient adj. 古代的 签署 sign v. 代表 representative n. situated adj. 位于…的
located adj. 坐落于…的 opposite prep. 在…对面 oppose（反对） agreement n. 协议，契约 统治，管理 govern v. produce n.&v. 产品，农产品，制造 自从…一直 ever since in terms of 据…;依据…. 另一方面 on the other hand little by little 一点点地，逐渐地
Language points 1.Inverted sentence(倒装句） （full inversion and partial inversion ) Eg: In front of the house sands a big tree . = A big tree stands in front of the house. In the north of the village lies a river . =A river lies in the north of the village . 那个老房子里住着一位老人。 In the old house lives an old man . There stands/exists/seems/happens/lives 也是完全倒装
Here, now, there, then, Up , down, in, into, off, away Now comes your turn. 现在轮到你了。 孩子们冲出去了。 Out rushed the childen. 害怕的老虎逃跑了。 Away went the frightened tiger.
2.A is /lies in/on/to the north…of B 山东在中国东部。 Shandong lies in the east of China. 日本在中国东南部 Japan lies to the northeast of China. 滨州在淄博北面。 Binzhou is on the north of Zibo.
3.Ever since Their work has influenced other writers ever since. It has been 3 years ever since /since he left us . 自从我进入高中我一直努力学习 I have been working hard ever since I went to senior high.
Important phrases be faced with 面对 in the face of 在…面前 丢脸 lose face hit sb in the face 打某人的脸 face to face 面对面 range from…to … 在….范围内变化 beyond range 在…范围外面 be opposite to 与…相反 be opposed to 反对，对抗 报名参加 sign up 签到/签退 sign in/out
Translate the following : 我的家乡高青是一个美丽的城市，坐落于 黄河南岸。它拥有30万人口，是解放前的6倍。 数年前，我的家乡很穷，但是面对困难和贫 穷家乡的人民没有放弃。在人们的努力下， 我的家乡一点一点地发展壮大起来。
My hometown Gaoqing is a beautiful city, situated to the south of the Yellow River. It has a population of 300,000 people ,which is 6 times as big as the population before liberation . Years ago, my home town was very poor. However, in face of difficulties and poverty , people here never gave up. With their efforts my home town has developed a lot little by little .
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