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利弊型作文写作指导


利弊型作文
章丘五中高三英语组 胡娅杰

? 这种题型往往要求先说明一下现状,再对 比事物本身的利弊,有时也会单从一个角 度(利或弊)出发,最后往往要求考生表明自 己的态度(或对事物前景提出预测)。写作步 骤如下: ? 1. 说明事物现状 ? 2. 事物本身的优缺点(或一方面) ? 3. 你对现状(或前景)的看法

? 一.

常用词汇 ? Advange disadvantage To one’s advantage ? Do sb good/harm do good/harm to Be harmful to ? Be good/bad for Benefit Benefit from

二.

常用短语

? 1. 对…产生有利/不利的影响 exert positive/ negative effects on… ? 2. 利远远大于弊 the advantages far outweigh the disadvantages。 ? 3. 对…有益 be beneficial / conducive to… ? 4. 眼前利益 immediate interest/ short-term interest ? 5. 长远利益. interest in the long run ? 6. …有其自身的优缺点 … has its merits and demerits/ advantages and disadvantages ? 7. 扬长避短 Exploit to the full one’s favorable conditions and avoid unfavorable ones ? 8. 取其精髓,取其糟粕 Take the essence and discard the dregs。 ? 9. 对…有害 do harm to / be harmful to/ be detrimental to ? 10.有利有弊 Every coin has its two sides。

三、作文模板.A代表讨论议题
(一) Nowadays many people prefer A because it has a significant role in our daily life. Generally, its advantages can be seen as follows. First _________(A的优点之一). Besides ________(A的优点之二). But every coin has two sides. The negative aspects are also apparent. One of the important disadvantages is that _______(A的第一个缺点).To make matters worse,_____ (A的 第二个缺点). Through the above analysis, I believe that the positive aspects overweigh the negative ones. Therefore, I would like to ______ (我的看法). From the comparison between these positive and negative ffects of A, we should take it reasonably and do it according to the circumstances we are in(根据我们所处的实际情况合理对 待). Only by this way,________对前景的预测).)

? (二)Nowadays, there is a widespread concern over A. In fact, there are both advantages and disadvantages in A. Generally speaking, it is widely believed there are several positive aspects as follows. Firstly, ___优点一______. And secondly ___优点二_____. ? Just As a popular saying goes, "every coin has two sides". A is no exception, and in another word, it still has negative aspects. To begin with, ___缺点一______. In addition, ____缺点二______. ? To sum up,总结 we should try to bring the advantages of A into full play, and reduce the disadvantages to the minimum at the same time. In that case, we will definitely make a better use of the A.

四、写作练习
? 某英文报社准备刊发一篇题为Living in the city的有关城市生活的利和弊的 文章,根据 下面提示,写一篇词数为100左右的短文。
Advantages Disadvantages

找工作容易 交通便利 有公园、饭店等休闲场所

生活消费高 人口多,拥挤 空气污染、居住环境差

?

Living in a city has both advantages and disadvantages. It is often easier to find work. There are always many choices of public transport. Besides, there are a lot of interesting things to do and places to see. You can eat in good restaurants, visit museums, go to cinemas and go to parks whenever you want to relax. However, living in a city is often very expensive. You must find a well-paid job, otherwise, you will not be able to afford the things you will do. What's more, the city is always crowded, noisy and dirty. It is very difficult to find a good place where people can enjoy peace and fresh air as in the countryside.


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