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名词性从句复习导学案


M9U2 高三名词从句复习学案
高三名词性从句复习导学案 一、定义、作用及分类: 名词性从句充当一个名词的作用, 在复合句中作主语、宾语、表语 及 同位语 ,所以名词性从 句包括 _______ 、_________、________、_ 请判断出下列的句子属于哪种从句 That Xi Jinping became our country's chairman makes our country more and more booming (繁荣).( ) That is why Xi Jinping was elected as chairman of our country. ( ) I think(that) Peng Liyuan is very charming. ( ) The news that Xi Jinping and Peng Liyuan will come to visit Xuzhou is false.( ) What I want to do is taking a bath.( ) Have you any idea how fast light travels ? ( ) I don’t think he is an honest boy.( ) The fact is that he stole the car. ( ) Do you know the fact that he stole the car? ( ) It is said that they won the game. ( ) 二、名词性从句的引导词: 1.连接词 :that(无意义)、if、whether(是否)----都不作成分 2. 连接代词 : who、 whom 、 whose、 what、 which 、 whoever 、 whomever、 whatever、 whichever 3. 连接副词: when、 where、why、how 、whenever(作状语)、 wherever、 however 连词选择总原则: 看从句中缺少什么成分,根据意思选择适当连接词语;如不缺成分且句意完整,则选用 that. 一找:从句 二查:缺少什么成分 三选:意思适合的连接词 Exercises: 选择一个恰当的连接词 1. ____ has been announced is that we must hand in our graduation papers before the end of June. 2. ___ he always serves the people is well-known. 3. ____ the English evening will be held, on Monday or Tuesday, has not yet been decided. 4. I want to know ____ he has told you. 5. Everything depends on _______ we have money. 6. That is _____ he didn’t come to the meeting. 7. The news ____ we won the game was exciting. 答案:What/ That/ When/ what/ whether/ why/ that 三、名词性从句考点归纳 : 1. 语序问题 2. what,that3. whether 与 if 4. what & whatever who & whoever 疑问词+ever&no matter+疑问词 5. it 作形式主语,形式宾语的用法 考点一:语序问题 Your clothes look very nice. I wonder ____. A. how much cost it is B. how much does it cost C. how much it cost D. how much is it cost 归纳:在名词性从句中,除了关联词在从句之首外,其它部分应用________的语序。 答案选 C 陈述 连接词+主语+谓语+其他成分 Exercises: 判断下列句子是否正确, (T or F) 1.他是怎么成功的仍然是个谜。
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M9U2 高三名词从句复习学案
How was he successful is still a puzzle. ( ) How he was successful is still a puzzle. ( ) 2.你能告诉我他住在什么地方吗? Could you tell me where he lives? ( ) Could you tell me where does he live? ( ) 3. He asked me what was the matter with me. ( ) 答案:1FT 2.TF 3.T 注:当从句的原句为以下句子以及 what, who 作主语时,语序不变: What’s wrong? What’s the matter? What’s happening? What happened? eg: I don’t know what’s the matter. 做主语 Can you tell me who he is ? 做表语 考点二:区别 what 、that ______the teacher did made the public angry. ______the teacher should be punished by law is certain. 归纳:_______只起连接作用,在从句中不充当任何成分,没有词义 _______起连接作用,且在从句中充___________, 表示 “……的(东西/事情/人/时间/地点/样子等”。)”,在含义上等于“名词+that”。如:”。 答案:What / That that / what Eg:He is no longer_____________. 他已经不是以前的那个样子。 In 1492, Columbus reached _____is now called America. 1492 年哥伦布到达了现在所称的美洲大陆。 答案:what he was=the person that he was / what=the place that Exercises: that 和 what 的选用 1._____ he wants is a book. 2._____ he wants are books. 3._____ he wants to go there is obvious. 4.Is _____ he told us true ? 5.We should pay attention to ______ the teacher is saying. 6. I have no doubt _____ he will come. 7. I have no idea ____he did that afternoon. 答案:What/ What/ That/ what/ what/ that/ what 高考链接: 1. A modern city has been set up in ______ was a wasteland ten years ago. A. what B. which C. that D. where 2.(2013 北京)31. ________makes the book so extraordinary is the creative imagination of the writ A. That B. What C. Who D. Which 3.(2013 北京)33. Experts believe _____people can waste less food by shopping only when it is necessary. A. why B. where C. that D. what 4.(2013 山东)30. It’s good to know _____ the dogs will be well cared for while we’re away. A. what B. whose C. which D. that 5.(2013 四川)6. _______ you said at the meeting describes a bright future for the company. A. When B. How C. What D. That 6.(2013 天津)15. ______I want to tell you is the deep love and respect I have for my parents. A. That B. Which C. Whether D. What 7.(2013 浙江)16.The only way to succeed at the highest level is to have total belief _____ you are better than anyone else on the sports field. A how B that C which D whether 8.He is _______ is known as a hacker(黑客)- he likes to show off on the Internet and attack websites. 答案:ABCDC DBwhat 考点三:whether 与 if
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M9U2 高三名词从句复习学案
考点精析易混连词 whether 与 if 用法比较 找出下列句子中的错误,并总结出规律: 1. If we will have a meeting hasn't been decided yet. 2. It depends on if the weather is suitable for us to do it. 3. The question is if he himself will be present at the meeting. 4.I don’t know if or not he’ll come. 5.Please tell us if to go or stay. 答案:1.If-Whether 2. if-whether 3. if-whether 4. if- whether 5. if- whether 归纳:只用 whether 不用 if 的情况: a. ________、______、______ 从句。 b. _____词后的宾语从句。 c. 与 ______连在一起引导宾语从句。 d. 后面直接跟___________当宾语 答案:a.主语,表语,同位语 b.介 c. or not d. 动词不定式 Exercises: (2013 陕西)20. It remains to be seen ____the newly formed committee’s policy can be put into practice. A. that B. which C. what D. whether 考点四:what & whatever who & whoever 疑问词+ever&no matter+疑问词 a. what & whatever who & whoever 引导名词性从句的区别 1.___________ is worth doing is worth doing well. 2. __________we need is more time. 3.___________ made the long distance call to him is not important. 4.___________ breaks the law will be punished. 规律: (1) what 类词(who/ which/ whom/ when/ where/ how): 有疑问意义,表示特指概念, 充 当成分。 (2) whatever 类词 (whoever/ whichever/ whomever/ whenever/ wherever): 有意义,“凡是… 的,任何…的,所有…的”) ,无疑问意义,表示泛指概念;充当成分。 相当于 anyone who, anything that, any one that/ who, any time when, any place where. 答案:1.Whatever 2.What 3.Who 4. Whoever b) whatever /whoever/无论,不管… however/whomever/whichever/ … ____________ you go and __________you do, I’ll be right here waiting for you. 任何最后离开房间的人应该把灯关掉。 _________________________ought to turn off the light. 答案:wherever=No matter where whatever=no matter what 总结归纳:________ 既可以引导名词性从句,也可以引导让步状语从句,而 ____________ 只能引导让步状语从句。 答案: 疑问词+ever/ no matter +疑问词 Exercises: 1.Eat ___ cake you like and leave the others for ___ comes in late. A. any, who B. every, whoever C. whichever, whoever D. either, whoever 2. The child is always lying, so none of us will believe __________ he says. A. whatever B. no matter what 3.The old tower must be saved __________ the cost. 4. The poor young man is ready to accept ____ help he can get. A. whichever B. however C. whatever D. whenever 5.Could I speak to is in charge of International Sales please?
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M9U2 高三名词从句复习学案
A. who B. what C. whoever D. whatever 6. She is very dear to us. We have been prepared to do it takes to save her life. A. whichever B. however C. whatever D. whoever 7._______team wins on Saturday will go through to the national championships. A. No matter what B. No matter which C. Whatever D. Whichever 8. Though the price is going up, Mr cooper still wants to buy the house and he told me that _____ the house cost, it would be ________ it. A. however; worth B. how many; worth C. whatever; worth D. what; worthy 9. (2013 江西)30._______ one of you breaks the window will have to pay for it. A. Whoever B. Whatever C. Whichever D. Wherever. 答案:CA Whatever C C C D C C 考点 5 it 作形式主语和形式宾语 找出下列句子中的错误 1. I think that worthwhile that we spent so much money on these books. 2. That is hard to decide when and where we will hold our sports meeting. 答案:1. that-it 形式宾语 2. That-What 形式主语 总结归纳:当主语从句较长,而谓语较短时,为了使句子保持平衡,常常将从句______,常用先行 词 it 作形式主语或形式宾语,而把真正的主语或宾语放到后面。 答案:后置 A. It 作形式主语的习惯句型 (1) It is + 名词 + 从句 It is a fact (a fact, a pity, an honor ,no wonder, a must , common knowledge…) that… It is an honor that I come here to give you a lesson. It is no wonder that he won so many gold medals. It is good manners that we greet teachers. (2) It is + 形容词 + 从句 It is (clear, certain, true, obvious, wonderful…)+主语从句 It is obvious that she will do well in her exam. It is not yet clear who will be sent abroad for further study (3) It + 不及物动词 + 从句 It seems( happens, appears, occurs to sb, makes no difference , doesn’t matter, has turned out) that… It seems that she will not come to the party at all. It makes no difference where we shall have the meeting. It doesn’t matter that the house was cold and had no bathroom. It occurred to me that I could turn to my teacher for help. (4) It +be+ 过去分词 + 从句 It is said ( reported, believed, expected, decided, thought, considered, supposed…) that… It is said that Mr. Green has arrived in Beijing. It is reported that China has sent another manmade earth satellite into orbit. Exercises: 1.___ is our belief that improvement in health care will lead to a stronger, more prosperous economy. (2006 浙江卷) A . As B. That C. This D. It
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M9U2 高三名词从句复习学案
2.___ is a fact that English is being accepted as an international language. A. There B. This C. That D. It 3. _____ is known to us all that the 2012 Olympic Games will take place in London. _____ is known to us all, the 2012Olympic Games will take place in London. _____ is known to us all is that the 2012 Olympic Games will take place in London A. It B. What C. As D. Which 答案:D D 3. ACB B. it 做形式宾语 We think it important that we learn a foreign language. We consider it our duty to clean our classroom every day. 该句型中的 it 作形式宾语。为了记忆方便我们可称该句型为:6123 结构 主语+谓语+it+Adj/N +从句 6 指主句中常用的动词:think, believe, make, find, consider, feel ; 1 指的是形式宾语 it ; 2 指的是宾补的两种形式:形容词(necessary)或名词 (duty); 3 指的是真正宾语的三种形式:不定式短语,动名词短语或 that 引导的宾语从句。 注意:另外的结构 主+like/dislike/love/hate +it + when 从句/appreciate+it+if 从句/depend on/rely on/count on/ see to+it+that 从句 Eg. I hate it when people laugh at the disabled . Exercises: 1. He didn’t make ______ clear when and where the meeting would be held. (2007 天津) A. this B. that C. it D. these 2. I’d appreciate ______ if you would like to teach me how to use the computer. A. that B. it C. this D. you 答案:CB 考点六 虚拟语气问题 a)主语从句中的虚拟语气 基本句型:It is +形容词、名词、过去分词+ that ... + (should) do a. It is important (necessary, natural, strange, advisable etc)+that b. It is a pity( a shame, no wonder etc)+that c. It is suggested (ordered, proposed, required, demanded, requested, insisted etc)+that 1. It is ordered that he _____ the examination? A. takes B. has to take C. must take D. take 2. It is strange that he _____ you this. A. would tell B. should tell C. had told D. has told 3.It is recommended that the project ____ until all the preparations have been made. A. is not started B. will not be started C. not be started D.is not to be started 答案:DBC b)宾语从句中的虚拟语气 1.(1).We suggested that the meeting ___________ A.should put off B.be put off C. was put off D.putting off (2).(2013 陕西)12. My mom suggests that we ______eat out for a change this weekend. A. should B. might C. could D. would (3).Some students insisted that an English party ______ at weekends, yet others insisted that they _____ no interest at all. A. be held; took B. held; take C. be held; show D. should be held; should take
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M9U2 高三名词从句复习学案
(4).He required that the flowers which required _______ every day _________ carefully. A.watering, look after B.to be watered, looking after C.to water, be looked after D.watering, should be looked after (5).The smile on his face suggested that he ______(was/be/is)satisfied with our work. 答案:BAADwas 总结归纳:表示建议、要求、命令 ,坚持等动词 suggest、advise、propose、demand、require、 insist .request、command、order、desire、recommend、advocate、urge 后的从句谓语动词用 ____________ 注意 suggest 当表示“暗示、表明“讲时,insist 表示“坚持认为”之意时,从句_____________ 答案:(should) + do/be done 按需要来选择时态 2.(1) I wish I _______ you yesterday. A. seen B. did seeC. had seen D. were to see (2)Most insurance agents would rather you ___________ anything about collecting claims until they investigate the situation. A. do B. don’t C. didn’t D. didn’t do (3)---Where are the children? The dinner ’s going to be completely ruined. --- I wish they ________(be) not always late. (4). I wish it _________(rain) tomorrow. (5).I would rather you ___________ (go) yesterday. (6).Don’t come. I would rather you _________(come) tomorrow. 答案:CCwere would rain had gone came 总结归纳:wish 后面的句子指现在______ 指过去用_______ 指将来用________ Would rather 后面的句子指现在/将来_______ 指过去用_________ 答案:用过去 过去完成时 过去将来时 用过去 过去完成时 c)表语和同位语从句中的虚拟语气 在 suggestion, proposal, idea, plan, order, advice 等名词后面的表语从句、 同位语从句中要用虚拟 语气,即(should) + do/be done Exercises: 1.His suggestion that you _____ once more sounds reasonable. A. try B. tries C. must try D. can try 2. The order given by the commander was that they _____ until the commander allowed they to. A. stopped B. didn’t stop C. stop D. not stop 4.Your advice that_____________ till next week is reasonable. A. she waits B. she wait C. wait she D. she waited 答案:ADB 注意:as if/as though 也可以引导表语从句,从句用虚拟语气 wish 后面的句子指现在用过去 指 过去用过去完成时 指将来用过去将来时 eg. When a pencil is partly in a glass of water, it looks as if it were broken. He felt lonely and sad as if the whole world had turned against him. 考点七 同位语从句与定语从句的区别 试区分以下句子 1.Do you know the fact that he stole the car? Do you know the fact that they were talking about? 2.The suggestion that students should learn something practical is worth considering. The suggestion that they are considering is that students should learn something practical. 答案:1.同位语 定语 2. 同位语 定语 注意:(1). 如果是定语从句,它的从句肯定是不完整的,关系词肯定在句中充当成分的;而同位
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M9U2 高三名词从句复习学案
语从句中的 that 只起连接作用。 (2). 定语从句是对先行词起修饰作用,而同位语从句则解释说明前面名词的具体内容。 同位语从句一般跟在名词 fact, news, promise, truth, belief, thought, idea, answer, information, knowledge, doubt, hope, law, opinion, plan, suggestion 后面, 用以说明或解释前面的名词的内容. 1. The fact has worried many scientists ______ the earth is becoming warmer and warmer these years. A. what B. which C. that D.though 2. The suggestion ______he raised at the meeting is very good. A. which B. that C. what D. / 3.(2013 浙江)16.The only way to succeed at the highest level is to have total belief _____ you are better than anyone else on the sports field. A how B that C which D whether 4.The fact has worried many scientists ______ the earth is becoming warmer and warmer these years. A. what B. which C. that D. though 答案:CBBC 总结:做题顺序:“二看” 一看_________是否完整;二看__________确定答案。 答案:从句 句意 注: 1. 同位语从句多用 that 引导 2. 在 have no idea 之后常用 wh-引导同位语从句. I have no idea where he has gone. I have no idea when he did it. I have no idea what he did. 考点八 时态问题 1)主句的动词用过去时,从句谓语动词用过去的某种时态 3)主句的动词用过去时,从句表示客观事实,格言,谚语等 ,从句谓语动词用一般现在时 3)主句的动词用一般现在时,从句谓语可根据需要选用各种时态 1. He said that he ______ go to the station. 2. Our physics teacher once told us that light __________ ( travel ) faster than sound. 3. Tom says that Mary ____ (go) abroad last year and _________ (be) there for nearly 5 months 答案:1.would 2. travels 3. went has been 考点九 主谓一致问题 When the meeting will begin _____ (have) not been decided yet . When they will start and where they will go_____(be)still unknown. When and where the meeting will begin _____ (have) not been decided yet . 答案:has are has 总结归纳: 单个的主语从句作主语时,谓语动词一般用 _____形式。如果是两个或两个以上的主语从句作主 语,谓语动词则用_____形式。由两个或多个连接词引导一个主语从句,谓语动词用_____形式。 答案:单数 复数 单数 考点十 that 不可省的情况 1.that 引导两个或多个宾从时,从第二个起,that 不可省 Having checked the doors were closed, and ____ all the lights were off, the boy opened the door to his bedroom. A. why B. that C. when D. where 2.that 充当介词 except, in, but 的宾语时不能省略。
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M9U2 高三名词从句复习学案
He is a good student except that he is a little careless. The Chinese language differs from many western languages in that it uses characters which have meanings and can stand alone as words. 注意名词从句固定句型 There is no need/doubt/possibility/probability/chance/no denying that…. The reason why… is that…. That’s why/because.. What worries us is that… What counts is that…. What is worse is that… 总结:做题三步曲: 步骤一:首先把主句和从句区分开来。步骤二:分析从句缺何种成分。 步骤三:根据分析,选择恰当的连词 巩固提升: 1.I ask her _______ come with me. A. if she will B. if will she C. whether will she D. will she 2._______ he said is true. A. What B. That C. Which D. Whether 3.Can you tell me ________? A.who is that gentleman B. that gentleman is who C. who that gentleman is D. whom is that gentleman 4.He didn't know which room _______. A. they lived B. they lived in C. did they live D. did they live in 5.To get the job started, _______ I need is some money. A. only what B. all what C. all that D. only that 6.I have no idea _______ far the railway station is from here. A. what B. how C. it's D. that 7.Can you tell me _______ the railway station? A. how I can get to B. what can I get to C. where I can got to D. where can I get to 8.Do you know _______? A. what is his name B. how is his name C. what his name is D. how his name is 9._______ you have done might do harm to other people. A. That B. What C. Which D. This 10.They have no idea at all ________. A. where he has gone B. where did he go C. which place has he gone D. where has he gone 11.They want to know _________ do to help us. A. what can they B. what they can C. how they can D. how can they 12.These photographs will show you _______. A. what our village looks like B. what does our village look like C. how does our village look like D. how our village looks like 13.Can you make sure ________ the gold ring? A. where Alice had put B. where had Alice put C. where Alice has put D. where has Alice put 14.No one can be sure ________ in a million years. A. what man will look like B. what will man look like C. man will look like D. what look man like 15.________ the 2008 Olympic Games will be held in Beijing is not known yet.
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M9U2 高三名词从句复习学案
A. Whenever B. If C. Whether D. That 16.Go and get your coat. It's ________ you left it. A. there B. where C. there where D. where there 17.It worried her a bit _______ her hair was turning gray. A. while B. that C. if D. for 18._______ he said at the meeting astonished everybody present. A. What B. That C. The fact D. The matter 19. — Do you remember ________ he came? — Yes, I do. He came by car. A. how B. when C. that D. if 20._________ we can't get seems better than _________ we have. A. What ; what B. What ; that C. That ; that D. That ; what 21.________ we'll go camping tomorrow depends on the weather. A. If B. Whether C. That D. Where 22.It is generally considered unwise to give a child ________ he or she wants. A. however B. whatever C. whichever D. whenever 23. — I drove to Zhuhai for the air show last week. — Is that _________ you had a few days off? A. why B. when C. what D. where 24.These wild flowers are so special that I would do ________ I can to save them. A. whatever B. that C. which D. whichever 答案:AACBC BACBA BACAC BBAAA BBAA 完成或翻译下列句子 1.调查表明一半的女孩选择电影或者电视明星作为他们的偶像(idols), 而 48%的男孩支持喜欢体育 明星。 (07 基础写作) The survey ________________________________________while 48% of the boys favor sports stars. 2.建议: 我们学生不要过度用眼;多参加户外活动。 ( 09 基础写作) ______________________________________________and it’s of great help to our eye health to participate in more outdoor activities 3.同时,专家的另外一个建议是这个问题写作时如何握笔有关 。 (09 基础写作) Meanwhile another tip from the experts ____________________________________________. 4.在我看来,这些父母所做的已经对他们的发展造成了坏的影响。 (2010 读写任务) In my opinion, _____________________has a bad influence on their children’s development. 5.众所周知,3 月 11 日日本发生了地震。 6. 地震发生的原因是大陆的运动。 7.最令我吃惊的是看到许多汽车被水冲走。 8.许多人无家可归,我不知道他们是否能重建家园。 9. 我们国家已经提供了帮助的消息使我感到自豪。 10. 我认为竭尽所能帮助他们是我们的责任。 答案:1. shows that half of the girls choose film or TV stars as their idols 2. It is suggested that we students not overuse our eyes 3. is that the problem is related to how we hold the pen while writing. 4. what these parents have done 5. It is well known that a big earthquake struck Japan on 11, March. 6. The reason why it happened is that the continents are moving. 7. What surprised me most was that a large number of cars were washed away by the water.
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M9U2 高三名词从句复习学案
8. A large number of people were homeless, and I have no idea whether they can rebuild their home. 9. The news that our country has offered help makes me proud. 10. I think it our duty to do what we can (do) to help them.

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