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2013高考英语书面表达讲义及训练(2)及参考范文:叙事类记叙文


2013 高考英语书面表达讲义及训练(2)及参考范文:叙事类记叙文
(2011· 四川卷) 最近,某中学生英文报开设了“Afterclass Activities”的栏目。请你根据以下提示,为 该栏目写一篇英文稿件,并鼓励同学们积极参加课外活动。 1.你校开展课外活动的情况; 2.你参加过的课外活动及给你带来的益处; 3.为同学选择课外活动提出建议; 4.为学校开展课外活动提出建议。 注意: 1.词数 100 左右; 2.文中不得提及人名、校名及地名; 3.稿件的开头已为你写好(不计入总词数)。 Afterclass Activities Nowadays, afterclass activities are becoming more and more popular in high schools. ________________________________________________________________________ ________________________________________________________________________ ________________________________________________________________________ ________________________________________________________________________ ________________________________________________________________________ ________________________________________________________________________ ________________________________________________________________________ ________________________________________________________________________ 参考范文 Afterclass Activities Nowadays, afterclass activities are becoming more and more popular in high schools.In our schools, there are various activities, such as arts and sports.We enjoy them very much.Playing football and reading stories are my favourite which do me a lot of good.Besides building my body and enriching my knowledge, they also do free me from heavy work of study. Here I have some suggestions.To students, you'd better choose activities which interest you and others; to schools, they should organize more activities for students and leave students more time for activites by giving them less homework. Dear friends, please actively take part in afterclass activities, which will not only make your school life more colourful but also improve your study.

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(2011· 新课标卷) 假定你是李华,正在一所英国学校学习暑期课程,遇到一些困难,希望得到学校辅导中 心(Learning Center)的帮助。根据学校规定,你需书面预约,请按下列要点写一封信: 1.本人简介; 2.求助内容; 3.约定时间; 4.你的联系方式(Email:lihua@1236.com;Phone:12345678)。 注意:1.词数 100 左右; 2.可以适当增加细节,以使行文连贯; 3.开头和结束语已为你写好。 Dear Sir/Madam, ________________________________________________________________________ ________________________________________________________________________ ________________________________________________________________________ Look forward to your reply. Yours, Li Hua 参考范文 Dear_Sir/Madam, I'm Li Hua, a Chinese student taking summer courses in your university. I'm writing to ask for help. I came here last month and found my courses interesting. But I have some difficulties with notetaking and I have no idea of how to use the library. I was told the Learning Centre provides help for students and I'm anxious to get help from you. I have no class on Tuesday mornings and Friday afternoons. Please let me know which day is OK with you. You may email or phone me. Here are my email address and phone number:LiHua @ 1236.com; 12345678. Look_forward_to_your_reply. Yours, Li_Hua

****************************************************************结束 记叙文是以叙述人物的经历或事物的发展变化过程为主的一种文体, 是写作 训练中最普遍、最基本的一种文体。记叙文要求学生根据所给情景,组织语言材 料,编写成文。一般说来记叙文有时间、地点、人物、事件、原因和结果六要素, 写作时要表达清楚。记人时,要注意介绍人物的身世、经历和事迹等;叙事时要 描写事情发生和发展的过程及前因后果等。

【写作点拨】 叙事类记叙文以叙述事件为主,突出事件发生、发展和解决的过程。在写这 类记叙文时要做到: 1. 重组材料,确定要点。叙事类记叙文写作前要进行立意、构思和选材等 一系列过程,高考中的书面表达一般为控制性写作,通常会提供短文的主题和写 作内容,考生要对提供的材料进行再加工,确定写作的顺序、要点和重点,拟定使 用的句型和词组。 2. 结构完整、前后呼应。写记叙文必须有头有尾,一般来说,记叙时要把 与一件事有关的六要素都交代清楚。文章的主题和内容要一致,文章的结尾与开 头要呼应。 3. 人称统一、线索明确。记叙文可用“你、我、他”三种人称,但如果题 目要求你使用某种人称, 则必须遵循要求;叙事类记叙文一般按照事件发展的前 后顺序进行叙述。 【常见问题】 1. 要点不全。要点是否齐全通常决定文章的档次。书面表达要上档次,要 点齐全是关键。 要点提示类书面表达一般不会出现这样的问题,看图作文则常会 由于学生观察不细心等原因遗漏要点。 2. 线索不清。有些短文条理混乱,主要原因是没有确定好写作线索。叙事 类文章一般按时间顺序来写。 3. 时态不明。叙事时时态混乱是学生常犯的错误之一。叙事类记叙文所记 的一般是过去发生的事,原则上用过去时,有时也用现在时。 4. 主次不分。有些同学写作时平均用力,面面俱到,写出来的东西主题不 突出,显得呆板乏味。 【佳作赏析】 请根据下面的要点叙述一次看马戏的经历。 1. 期中考试后放了三天假,我看了一场马戏。 2. 表演非常精彩。有小狗表演,独轮车表演等。最刺激的节目是走钢丝。 一个男演 员手里拿着一根平衡杠, 头上坐着一个女孩,肩上的钢杠上还挑着两个女 孩。当他 小心翼翼走过钢丝的时候,观众报以热烈的掌声。 3. 马戏是一种力与美结合的艺术。通过这次表演,我体会到了中国马戏艺 术的博大精 深。 参考词汇:马戏表演 circus show 刺激的 thrilling 钢丝 tightrope 平衡杆 balancing pole 钢杆 steel bar <范文> Watching a circus show I had a three-day holiday after the mid-term examination, so I decided to relax myself by watching a circus show. A girl appeared on the stage. She rode a one-wheel bike on a small table with a lot of flowers on it. She didn’t knock down even one flower. Some little dogs also did a good job. The four little dogs did some amusing

tricks and one of them could calculate the number! How clever they were! The most thrilling program was to see a young man walking on a tightrope. He stood on the very thin rope with a balancing pole on his hands. On his head sat a little girl. Another two girls sat on the ends of a steel bar on his shoulder. The young man took his first step with great care. The rope held. One step! Two, three.... Every viewer held his breath. All the people were anxious about his safety, because the young actor didn’t fasten a safety belt. Any little carelessness could cost his life! At last he succeeded in walking across the 8-meter-long tightrope. The performance lasted about two hours. I had a good time at the show. The circus is the art of combination of strength and beauty. The Chinese circus is so cool! <点评> 小作者叙述了一次看马戏的经历。 文章以时间为线索, 叙述清楚, 详略得当, 层次分明, 描写生动, 过渡自然, 显示了作者相当扎实的语言功底。 在文章最后, 小作者还谈了自己的感想, 深化了主题。难能可贵的是小作者使用了较多的高级 表达方式,使文章增彩不少。如:复合形容词(onewheel, 8-meter-long),with 复合结构(with a balancing pole on his hands),倒装句(On his head sat a little girl),感叹句(How clever they were!)等。 【巩固训练】 假定你在开学的第一周参加了军训,请按下面的提示用英语叙述你军训第一 天的情况。 1. 当起床铃响起的时候,我还在睡梦之中。我迅速起床,穿好衣服,匆忙赶 往操场。教官要求我们在五分钟内完成准备动作。 2. 教官对我们要求非常严格。一个动作要反复操练一直到他满意为止,但休 息时,他和我们一起唱歌、跳舞、讲故事。我们相处得非常融洽。 3. 训练非常艰苦。太阳很毒,我全身都湿透了,但我们还得继续训练。其中 还有位同学晕倒了。 4. 军训既增强了我们的体质,也磨练了我们克服困难的意志。 注意: 1. 词数: 100-150 左右 2. 参考词汇: 军训 military training 教官 drillmaster (参考答案) Key1: The first day of the military training
Yesterday was the first day of the military training. I was dreaming when the bell for getting up rang. The moment I heard the bell, I rose immediately, dressed quickly and then rushed to the playground. The drillmaster asked us to finish preparations within only five minutes. The drillmaster was very strict with us. We had to drill an action again and again until he was satisfied. At break time, he joined us in singing, dancing and telling stories. We were getting along very well. The sun was so strong that my clothes were all wet. But we still went on drilling. One of my classmates fell to the ground in a faint.

The life of the military training is very hard, but I think it is meaningful. Not only does it build up our bodies, it also strengthens our determination to overcome difficulties. ********************************************************结束


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