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人教版book3 unit 2 Healthy eating Reading

Unit 2 Healthy eating
Here are some proverbs about food: Bread is the staff of life. 民意食为天。 You are what you eat. 吃什么食物变什么样。

come and eat here (1)


to live, but do not live to eat. 为生活而饮食,莫过于为饮食而生活。

1. What do you think should go into a good meal? A good meal should contain some food from each of the three categories above. 2. Imagine you and your partner are going to invite some friends for dinner. What special food of your place would you offer them? Plan a menu. 3. Look at the title of the reading passage and the pictures. Predict what the passage is about.

Fast reading
Read the text quickly to find out which sentence is the main idea of the text. 1. The two restaurants supplied the healthy food. 2. The reason why Yong Hui’s restaurant was so popular with customers. 3. Wang Pengwei found out why he had lost his customer and decided to win them back.

Key: 3
What’s the main idea of each part? Para.1: Wang Peng’s menu and the popularity of his restaurant. Para.2: Finding Yong Hui’s restaurant. Para.3: Yong Hui’s restaurant and menu. Para.4: Wang Peng’s research. I. Read the passage carefully and answer the questions one paragraph by one paragraph. Paragraph I: 1. Who is Wang Pengwei? He is a restaurant keeper.

2. What happened on that strange morning? There was no customer in his restaurant that morning, which was unnatural.


3. How do you like the food in his restaurant? It is delicious but it can make us get fat quickly. Paragraph II: 1. What did Wang see when he followed Li Chang? He saw that a new restaurant was opened and there was a sign in its window. 2. What kind of food was served in this restaurant? Only slimming food was served there. Paragraph III: 1. Who is Yong Hui? She is the owner of the new restaurant.

2. What amazed Wang in Yong Hui’s restaurant? The menu and the price in Yong’s restaurant amazed him very much. 3. What did Wang decide to do after he left there? He decided to go to library to find out whether his restaurant’s food made people fat. Paragraph IV: 1. What did Wang find out after reading? He found out that Yong Hui’s restaurant was not giving its customers energy-giving food. 2. What did he do then? 3. What happened afterwards? He wrote a sign to win his customer back! The competition between the two restaurants was on.

Careful Reading 1. Usually Wang Peng’s restaurant was full of people. T 2. Yong Hui could make people thin in two weeks by giving them a good diet. It would take longer than that. F T F

3. Wang Peng’s regular customers often became fat.

4. Yong Hui’s menu gave customers more emery-giving food.

No. it gave them protective food but no energy-giving or body-building food. 5. Wang Peng’s menu gave customers more protective food. F F

6. Wang Peng decided to compete with Yong Hui by copying her menu. He decided to advertise the benefits of his menu. Post reading

1. The weakness of the diet in Wang Peng’s restaurant was ____________________

_______________________. 2. The strength of the diet in Wang Peng’s restaurant was _______________________

Language points
Ⅰ.词语辨析 (旨在提供完形填空所需材料) 1. diet / food 【解释】 diet 指通常吃的食物, 尤指规定的食谱[如治疗疾病或减轻体重的食物], 还可作动词“节 食”。常用搭配:be/get/go on a diet 进行节食 put sb. on a diet 限制某人的 饮食 food 指人或动物所需的食物;或植物所需的养料。 【练习】根据句子意思用 diet,food 的适当形式填空。 1). We cannot survive without _______ and drink. 2). The doctor says I’ ve got to go on a _______. 3). The doctor put me on a low-salt _______ to reduce my blood pressure. Keys: 1). food 2). diet 3). diet 2. offer / provide / supply 【解释】 offer“提出,提供,呈现”,表示向别人提供帮助,服务或物品。 搭配:offer to do sth / offer sb sth /offer sth to sb provide“供给,提供,装备,准备”,强调有预见,并通过储存或准备的方式为某事做 准备,以在需要时提供所需物品。搭配:provide sb with sth / provide sth for sb supply“供给, 补充, 弥补”, 表示替换或不足所需之物以及弥补缺陷, 满足要求的意思; 也作名词,“供给(量),物资,存货”。搭配:supply sb with sth / supply sth for/to sb 【练习】根据句子意思填介词或用 offer,provide,supply 的适当形式填空。 1). The project is designed to _______ young people _______work. 2). He _______ to lend me some books. 3). He _______ me 300 dollars _______ that television. 4). We ______ power to the three nearby towns. Keys: 1). provide; with 2). offered 3). offered; for 4). supply 3. strength / power / force 【解释】 strength 用于身体指力气力量;用于物体指承受或抗拉的强度;也可指长处。 power 用于人体、机械或风时指可应用的能量,也可指电力、权力和能力。 force 用于爆炸、风暴或打击时指释放的能量及其对物体的冲击力;也可指暴力。


【练习】根据句子意思用 strength,power,force 的适当形式填空。 1). I will do everything in my _______ to help you. 2). We can use the _______ of the wind to make electricity. 3). He used all his _______ to lifted the heavy box. 4). The soldiers took the prisoners away by _______. Keys: 1). power 2). power 3). strength 4). force 4. glare / stare / glance 【解释】 glare at sb. 对某人怒视,怒目而视 stare at sb. (由于惊奇、害怕、生气或深思而睁大眼睛) 对某人凝视,盯着看 glance at sb. 对某人瞥一眼,粗略地看,浏览 【练习】根据句子意思用 glare,stare,glance 的适当形式填空。 1). She _______ shyly at him and then lowered her eyes. 2). The two boys _______ at each other before they fought. 3). My father_______ at the stranger for a long time as if they had known each other before. Keys: 1). glanced 2). glared 3). stared Ⅱ.词形变化(旨在提供语法填空所需材料) 1. health n. 健康 2. sugar n.糖 vt.在?? 中 加糖 3. curiosity n. 好奇心 healthy adj.健康的; 有益健康 的 sugary adj. 甜的,含糖的;甜 言蜜语的 curious adj. 好奇的 curiously adv. 好奇地 weaken v.(使)变弱,(使) 减弱 strong adj. 强壮的;牢固 的 digestive adj.消化的,易 消化的 healthily adv. 健康地

4. weakness n.虚弱,弱, weak adj.虚弱的;(能力等)差 软弱;弱点,缺点 的;微弱的 5. strength n. 力气;长 处 6. digest vt. 消化;吸收,领悟 n.文摘 7. benefit v.& n. 有益于;利益,好处 strengthen vt. 加强; 巩固 digestion n.消化(力) beneficial adj. 有益的

【练习】用括号内所提供词的适当形式填空。 1). You look much ________ (health) than before. 2). The boy had burning ________ (curious) about what was going on. 3). The government decided to take some measures to _________ (strength) the economy. 4). Fresh air is ________ (benefit) to one’ s health. 5). Mike was the ________ (strength) boy in his class. 6). It’ s that ________ (sugar) smile of his that I can’ t bear - it makes me want to puke! 7). It’ s important to know your own strengths and ________ (weak). 8). Vegetables are usually cooked to aid ________ (digest). Keys: 1). healthier 2). curiosity 3). strengthen 4). beneficial

5). strongest 6). sugary

7). weaknesses 8). digestion

Ⅲ.重点词汇 1. balance n. 天平,平衡;余额,余数 v. 平衡;权衡 balanced adj. 均衡的 e.g.Try to achieve a better balance between work and play. 争取把工作和娱乐更好 地结合起来。 2). I must check my bank balance (= find out how much money I have in my account). 我要核对一下我在银行的余额(看我的帐户上有多少钱) 。 3). Try to balance your diet by eating more fruit and less protein. 多吃些水果, 少 摄入些蛋白质, 使饮食均衡合理。 [重点用法] a balanced diet 均衡的饮食 keep the balance of nature 保持生态平衡 keep one’s balance 保持平衡 lose one’s balance (= be out of balance) 失去 平衡 [练习] 用 balance 短语填空或翻译。 1). He ______ ______ ______ and hurt himself when he went upstairs. 2). It is difficult to for you to ______ ______ _______ on an icy pavement. 3). 我们必须权衡利弊才做出决定。 _______________________________________________________________________________ Keys: 1). lost his balance 2). keep your balance 3). We must balance the advantages against the disadvantages before we decide. 2. curiosity n. 好奇心 curious adj. 好奇的 curiously adv. 好奇地 e.g.Children have a natural curiosity about the world around them. 小孩子对他们 周围的世界有着天生的好奇心。 2). I opened the packet just to satisfy my curiosity. 我打开包裹只是为了满足我的 好奇心。 [重点用法] out of curiosity 出于好奇 with curiosity = curiously 好奇地 be curious about sth. 对某事好奇 be curious to do sth. 好奇地做某事 [练习] 用 curiousity 的短语或其适当形式填空。 1). Margaret looked at him _______ _______. 2). She decided to try a cigarette _______ _______ _______. 3). All the employees in this firm _______ _______ ______ the personal life of the general manager. 4). ________ enough, he had never seen the little girl. 3). ________ drove Mary to open her husband’ s letter though she knew it was wrong. Keys: 1). with curiosity 2). out of curiosity 3). are curious about 4). Curiously 5). Curiosity 3. limit vt. 限制;限定 n. 界限;限度 limited adj. 有限的 limitless adj. 无限 制的 e.g.The speed limit on this road is 70 mph. 这条路的车速限制是每小时 70 英里。 2). We must try and limit our expenditure. 我们必须设法限制我们的开支。 3). There’ s a limit to how much I’ m prepared to spend. 我准备花多少钱是有限 度的。

[短语归纳] limit 短语: limit sb./sth. to... 限制某人/某事到某种程度 put a limit on... 对??限制 there is a limit to 对??是有限的 without limit 无限地,无限制地 [练习] 用 limit 的短语或其适当形式填空。 1). One’s energy is ______. 2). ______ ______ ______ ______ (没有止境) what you can do if you try. 3). We must _______ our weekly expenditure ______ ten pounds. 4). Only a _______ number of places are available. Keys: 1). limited 2). There’ s no limit to 3). limit; to 4). limited 4. benefit vt. 有益于 vi. 得益于(常与 from, by 连用) n. 利益,好处;津贴 1). The rain benefits the plants. = The plants benefit from the rain. 这场雨有益 于植物。 2). This dictionary will be of great benefit to me. 这本字典将对我有很大的好处。 3). He said he would starve rather than beg for food. 他说他宁愿挨饿也不要饭吃。 4). The enemy is trying to starve us to death. 敌人正在企图饿死我们。 [重点用法] be of great benefit to = be very beneficial to 对??有益 for the benefit of = for sb’ s benefit 为了??的利益 benefit from 从?? 中受益 [练习] 用 benefit 或其短语的适当形式填空。 1). The new highway will ________ the villagers. 2). He will _________ the new way of studying. 3). The warning sign was put there _________ the public. Keys: 1). benefit 2). benefit from 3). for the benefit of 5. combine vt.&vi. (使)联合;结合 combination n. 联合;结合 combined adj. 联合起 来的 e.g.We can’t always combine work with pleasure. 我们并不总是能在工作中享受到乐 趣。 2). Circumstances have combined to ruin our plans for a holiday. 各种情况凑在一 起破坏了我们的假日计划。 [短语归纳] combine 的短语: combine with sb./ sth. 与某人某物结合起来 combine together 联合起来 combine A with/and B 使 A 与 B 联合起来 [练习] 用 combine 的短语或其适当形式填空。 1) A _______ of factors led to her decision to resign. 2) Success was achieved by the _______ efforts of the whole team. 3) As a writer, he _______ wit _______ passion. Keys: 1). combination 2). combined 3). combined; and/with Ⅳ.重点词组 1. be tired of = be fed up with = be sick of 对??厌烦了 e.g.We are fired of hearing the old story. 这老话我们听厌了。 2). I’ m tired of the same breakfast every day. 我厌倦了每天吃同样的早餐。 [短语归纳] get/be tired of doing sth. 厌倦(做某事) get/be tired from doing sth 因??而疲倦

be tired out = be worn out 非常疲倦 [练习] 用 tired 短语的适当形式填空。 1). My eyes ______ ______ ______ reading in a poor light. 2). I ______ ______ ______ watching television; let’ s go for a walk. 3). I ______ ______ ______. Can we stop for a rest? Keys: 1). were tired from 2). am tired of 3). am tired/worn out 2. ought to aux. 应当;应该(没有人称和数的变化,后接动词原形) e.g.They ought to come tomorrow. 他们明天应当来。 2). He thought that they ought to take part in the design. 他认为他们应当参加设 计。 3). He ought not to do it. / He oughtn’ t to do it.(否定形式)他不应该做这件事。 4). Ought we to do it at once?(疑问式)我们应该马上做这件事吗? [练习] 按要求填空或翻译。 1). He ought to be here, __________ he? (反意疑问句) 2). I’ m sorry. I _________________(本应该先给你打个电话) to tell you 1 was coming. 3). I ______________________ (本不该拜访) her, but I missed her so much. Keys: 1). shouldn’ t / oughtn’ t 2). should / ought to have phoned 3). shouldn’ t / ought not to have visited 3. lose weight 体重减轻;减肥 e. She is trying to lose weight. 她在努力减肥。 [短语归纳] weight 短语及 lose 短语: put on weight(指人)增加体重,长胖 be/take a weight/load off sb’ s mind 使 自己/某人如释重负 lost heart 泄气;灰心 lose one’ s heart (to sb/sth): fall in love 爱上;锺情於?? lose one’ s life 丧生;遇害 lose one’ s balance 失去平衡 lose one’ s breath 气喘嘘嘘;上气不接下气 lose one’ s head 昏了头,张皇失措,冲 动 lose one’ s temper 发脾气 lose one’ s job 失业 lose one’ s way: become lost 迷路 lose touch (with sb/sth) 失去和某人/事物的联 lose interest in sth/sb 对某事物/人失去兴趣 lose sight of sb/sth 看不见某人/ 物;忽略或未考虑某事物 lose face 丢脸 [练习] 用 weight 短语及 lose 短语的适当形式填空或填介词。 1). He’ s ______ ______ ______ since he gave up smoking. 2). Paying my mortgage was an enormous weight ______ (介词) my mind! 3). I’ ve ______ ______ ______ all my old friends. 4). Don’ t ______ ______ ______ --- keep calm! Keys: 1). put on weight 2). off 3). lost touch with 4). lose your head 4. get away with 偷携某物潜逃;受到(较轻的惩罚)或逃避惩罚 e.g.1) They raided the bank and got away with a lot of money. 他们抢劫银行, 掠走 了大批现款。 2) If you cheat in the exam you'll never get away with it. 考试作弊必予追究。 3). Nobody gets away with insulting me like that. 这样侮辱我的人, 我是不会放过的. [短语归纳] get 词组: get down to 认真静下心(工作) get on well with 相处融洽;(工作的) 进展好 get through 接通电话;办完;完成 get up 起床;起身 get down to 认真地静下心(工作) get over 克服,熬过,恢复 [练习] 用 get 词组填空。


1). To my surprise, the baby wolf ______ ______ ______ the dogs and then managed to survive. 2). She never arrives on time at the office, but she somehow managed to _____ _____ _____ it. 3). Well, stop chatting. It’ s time we ______ ______ ______ some serious work. 4). The news was a terrible blow to her, but she will ______ ______ the shock soon. Keys: 1). got on well with 2). get away with 3). get down to 4). get over 5. tell a lie = tell lies 说谎 [典例] It’ s not right to tell a lie. 撒谎是不对的。 [短语归纳] tell 短语和习语: tell jokes/ a joke 讲笑话 tell (sb.) a story 给某人讲故事 to tell (you) the truth 说实话(用以引出自白或承认的话 tell A from B: distinguish A from B 辨认 A 和 B;辨别 tell/know A and B apart 将 A 和 B 辨别开来 you can never tell 谁也不知道 there is no telling: it is impossible to know 不可能知道 tell you what 我 说 (用以提出建议) I told you (so) 我提醒过你要出事;我早就跟你说过 [练习] 用 tell 词组填空。 1). ______ ______ ______ ______, I fell asleep in the middle and didn’ t know how the story ended. 2). Can you _____ Tom _____ his twin brother? 3). There’ s no ______ (tell) what may happen. Keys: 1). To tell the truth 2). tell; from 3). telling 6. earn one’ s living = make one’s/a living 谋生 e.g.1). They began to eam their living when they were very young. 他们很年轻的时 候,就开始谋生了。 2). I earn my living by teaching English in the middle schoo1. 我靠在中学教英语 谋生。 [练习] 根据句子意思及要求填空或翻译。 1). He had to ______ ______ ______ by delivering newspaper in his youth. 2). He earned his living ______(介词)a fisherman. 3). 这个小孩从 10 岁开始就自己谋生。 _______________________________________________________________________________ Keys: 1). earn his living 2). as 3). This poor child began to make his living at the age of ten. 7. in debt 欠债 e.g.1). They are in heavy debt to the Bank of China. 他们欠中国银行很多钱。 2). You saved my life: I am forever in your debt. 你救了我的命: 我永远感恩不尽。 [短语归纳] debt 短语和 “in + n.” 表示“在??(情况、状况、状态)中”: get/run into debt 欠债;负责 out of debt 不欠债 run up huge debts 高筑债台 pay off one’ s debts 还清债务 in danger 在危险中 in trouble 陷入困境,倒霉 in order 井井有条 in surprise 吃惊 in public 当众,公开 in ruins 呈废墟状态 in sight 看见 in silence 沉默着 [练习] 根据句子意思用 debt 短语和 “in + n.” 结构填空。


1). He ______ ______ ______ after he was out of work. 2). He did all he could to ______ ______ ______ ______ in five years. 3). He was ______ ______ when he was young, but has been ______ ______ ______ since he got rich. 4). James was ______ _______, but I don’t know how to help him out. 5). After the war, the whole city was _______ _______. Keys: 1). ran/got into debt 2). pay off his debts 3). in debt; out of debt 4). in trouble 5). in ruins 8. before long 不久以后 e.g.The dictionary will be published before long. 这本词典不久就要出版。 [重点用法]long before 很久以前 long ago 很久以前 [练习] 根据句子意思填空。 1). That happened ______ ______. 2). I’ ve seen that film ______ ______. 3). His plan seemed to be too difficult, but ______ ______ it proved to be practicable. Keys: 1). long ago 2). long before 3). before long

Extensive reading
Learn these proverbs. You are what you eat. 人如其食。 First wealth is health. 健康是人生的第一财富。 An apple a day keeps the doctor away. 一天一个苹果,医生不来找。 Prediction Can you guess what will happen to Wang Peng and Yong Hui?

1. Wang Peng was worried when he thought his restaurant would no longer be popular because ______. A. he would be in debt B. he could no longer earn his living C. he would lose his job D. his friend would not visit him 2. Yong Hui was very angry when she came to Wang Peng’s restaurant because ________. A. she thought he was a new customer B. she thought he had spied on her restaurant C. she was told he was a spy


D. he was too fat 3. Wang Peng’s research showed __________. A. his menu was balanced B. both menus were balanced C. Yong Hui’s menu was balanced D. neither menu was balanced 4. He suggested they provide a combined menu because ______. A. he liked Yong Hui B. he didn’t want to lose his customers C. he thought his menu was better D. this would provide a balanced diet

True or false 1.Wang Peng can earn his living now, but he will be in debt. F 2. Yonghui thought Wang Peng spied on her menu. T 3. Yonghui didn’t like the food in Wang Peng’s restaurant. F 4. Wang Peng would miss his dumplings and fatty pork even if in his own restaurant.


Post reading
Answer the following questions according to the passage: 1. How did Yong Hui feel when she came to Wang’s restaurant? Why? She felt angry because she thought Wang Peng had come into her restaurant to spy on her. 3. How did they solve their problems and become good friends? A Wang Peng showed that he wanted to cooperate and not compete with Yong Hui. B They succeeded in finding a menu that provided a balanced menu. 5. Why was their cooperation a success? A They cooperated successfully in business. B They liked each other.

What can we learn from the passage? We can learn that it is never too late to change bad eating habits and begin afresh.

Language points
1.Perhaps he would be able to earn his living after all and not have to close his restaurant. 也许他仍然能够谋生, 而不至于关张了。 1) earn one’ living by...=live by...=make a living by... He earned his living by begging from door to door. 表示“谋生”的短语: earn a living earn one’s living make a living make one’s living 经常和 earn 搭配的名词除了 living, bread 还有 money, salary, income, admiration, place 等。 2) earn vt. 挣得;赢得 His success earned him a prize.


He earned fame by helping the students. He and his wife each ___ 10 yuan an hour. A. earns B. earn C. spends D. takes 2. He did not look forward to being in debt because his restaurant was no longer popular. 他可 不希望由于餐馆不受欢迎而负债。 debt: 【C】 sum of money owed to sb. that has not yet been paid 债务; 欠款 (1) be in debt: owe a lot of money 欠债 (2) be out of debt: not owe a lot of money 还清债务 (3) be in sb’s debt: feel grateful to sb. for his help, kindness, etc. 欠某人之情 You saved my life. I am forever in your debt. 你救了我的命, 我永远感恩不尽。 (4) debt 也可以是可数名词,如 owe a debt(欠债) ;pay one’s debts(偿还债务)等。 (5) 和 debt 搭配的常用短语有 get into debt, run into debt, fall into debt, be in one’s debt 等。 no longer=not ...any longer 不再 He no longer loves here. I can’t wait any longer. 1) no more/no longer no more 表示数量上或程度上“不再” no longer 表示时间上“不再”延续 He is no more a student. He is no longer young. 2) no more...than/not more...than no more...than ......和......一样不(两者都否定) not more...than 不如...(前者不如后者) Xiao Li is no more diligent than John. 小李不勤奋,约翰也不勤奋。 Xiao Li is not more diligent than John. 小李不如约翰勤奋。 3. He smiled as he welcomed some customers warmly at the door but the smile left his face when he saw Yong Hui walking in. [点拔]这是由 but 连接的两个并列句, 两个分句又都是主从复合句。 主句分别为 He smiled 和 the smile left his face;从句分别为 as 和 when 引导的时间状语从句, 即 as he welcomed some customers warmly at the door 和 when he saw Yong Hui walking in. as 引导的时间状语从句强调主句和从句中的动作同时发生, 即一边微笑, 一边迎接客人。 when 引导的时间状语从句表示主句中的动作和从句中的动作时间上的差异, 即表示见到咏 慧进来时笑容消失了。 4. She didn’t look happy but glared at him. 她双眼直瞪着他,看上去很不高兴。 glare vi. 怒目而视 glare at sb. 怒目注视某人 glance/glimpse/glare/stare/watch 的区别: glance: to look at something quickly and briefly. glance (at, over) 看一眼 glimpse: to see by chance, just for a moment.瞥见,一瞥 catch/get a glimpse of 瞥见


glare: to stare angrily, freely. It emphasizes hostility.怒视,瞪眼 glare at sb. 怒视某人 stare: to gaze intently esp, with wide-open eyes. 盯,凝视 stare at/into 盯着 --- What is the boss like? --- I can’t describe him well, I only caught a ___ of him as he drove by. A. glance B. look C. stare D. glimpse 5. I thought you were a new customer and now I know you only came to to spy on me and my menu. 我本来以为你是一位新顾客, 现在我才发现你只是过来打探我和我的菜谱的。 only to spy... 在句中做目的状语 @ spy v.侦察, 窥探:观察到, 注意到 n. 间谍 spy on 暗中监视,侦查 e.g. They tried to spy on the enemy’s movements. I’m sure my neighbors spy on me. only to do sth. 和 only doing sth. only to do sth. 表示一个与主语愿望相反的或出乎主语预料的结果,或用来暗示最初的未能 实现的动作。 only doing sth. 表示谓语动词本身的动作造成的结果。 e.g. For nearly three hours we waited for the decision, only to be told to come again the next day. e.g. He died, only leaving nothing but debts. 6. I don’t want to upset you, but I found your menu so limited that I stopped worrying and started advertising the benefits of my food. [点拨] 此句是由 but 连接的并列句,在第二个并列分句中含有 so ... that ... 结构。that 从句 中又含有由 and 连接的并列谓语 stopped worrying 和 started advertising。 在 so / such ... that 结构中, so 多用来修饰形容词或副词原级, such 多用来修饰名词。 当被修饰 的中心词为可数名词单数时, 其结构分别为:so + adj. + a / an + n.和 such + a / an + adj. + n.。 如: It was such good news that he felt very excited at it. It was such a wonderful film that I saw it many times. = It was so wonderful a film that I saw it many times. @ limited adj. 有限的 e.g. The number of competitors is limited. He is a man of limited ability. 相关结构: 1. limit…to…/set a limit to…/there is a limit to… 2. within limits 在有限在范围内 @ benefit n. 利益;好处 vi. &vt.有益于;有助于;受益 beneficial adj. 有益的,受益的 e.g. The rain is of great benefit to the plants. 雨水对植物大有好处。? 1) benefit(from/by) vi. 受益于 vt. 有益于, 有助


2) be of benefit to=be beneficial to 对…有益 3) 短语:for sb’s benefit=for the benefit of “为了……的好处/考虑” 7. Yong Hui agreed to stay and soon they were both enjoy the dumplings and breast of chicken cooked with garlic. 1) agree with sb./with one’s words 表示同意某人、同意某人的话或观点, 含有赞赏地、肯定地对待某事之意。 2) be agreed(on /about sth.) 意为 “达成协议;意见一致”。 agree to sth. 表示“同意某事或某项建议”, 后面只能接表示“提议, 计划, 方案”的名词。 We are all agreed on the best action. I agree to their suggestion. 3) agree to do sth. 表示“同意做某事”, 但不说 agree sb. to do sth. 4) agree 后面接从句 We all agree that he is wrong. 8. I feel sick with all this fat and heavy food. 吃了这么多油腻的、难消化的食物,我都觉的恶心了。 heavy (of food): difficult to digest (指食物) 难消化的 9. Wang Pengwei was just enjoying a second plate of dumplings,… a second = another 序数词与 the 连用表示“第几”,与 a / an 连用表示“又一,再一”。 1) He said that he would pay ________ second visit to Australia ________ next month. (C) A. the, / B. the , the C. a, the D. a, / 10. Well, I do have to rest a lot. 用助动词“do”表示强调 e.g. 务必安静,我告诉过你,我头疼。 Do be quiet. I told you I had a headache. 他的确很熟悉这个地方。 He does know the place well. 你到那儿后务必给我来信。 Do write to me when you get there. If we had time, we would go with you. If I were you, I would study hard. 2) 与过去事实相反, 条件从句中的谓语动词用过去完成时, 主句中的谓语动词用“ would (should, could, might) + have +过去分词 ”. If you had come earlier, you would have met him. 3) 与将来是事实相反, 条件从句和主句所用的谓语动词与表示与现在事实相反的假设的谓 语动词相同, 或条件从句中用“ were to (should) +动词原形 ”. If you dropped the glass, it would break. If it were to snow tomorrow, they would not go out. If it should rain, the crops would be saved. 4) 如果条件状语从句表示的行为和主句表示的行为所发生的时间不一致时,动词的形式要


根据它所表示的时间来调整。 If you had studied hard, you would get a high score. 11. According to my research, neither your restaurant nor mine offers a balanced diet. 我的研究表明, 你我两家所提供的都不是平衡膳食。 1) neither ... nor ... 表示 “ 既不……也不……”。其含义是否定的, 可连接任意两个并列的成 份。当连接两个主语时, 应遵循 “就近原则”。 Neither dad nor mum is at home today. 今天父母都不在家。 2) 若将 neither ... nor ... 句型变为肯定句, 只需把 either ... nor ... 改为 both ... and ... 即可, 同 时谓语动词必须用复数形式。 Both dad and mum are at home today. 今天父母都在家。 either ... or ... 意为“或者……或者……; 不是……就是……”之意。表示两者之一, 连接句子 中两个并列的成分。 either ... or ... 连接两个主语时, 其谓语动词应与最近的一个主语在人称和数上保持一 致, 这就是我们通常说的“就近原则”。 Either you or I am going there tomorrow



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