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语法填空专项训练


语法填空解题指导与训练
题型指导
题型解读:语法填空这种题型的显著特点都是将语言知识或语法知识放在语篇中进行考察.
与原有题型对比: 能力要求: 词汇量 构词法的变化和运用 较强的句子分析能力与语法运用能力 对文章大意的理解及上下文语义、语境的逻辑判断及推理能力 考查内容与形式: 动词: 非谓语动词,助动词,情态动词,时态; 并列连词; 从句引导词;

代词:人称代词,物主代词,不定代词; 介词:搭配用法; 冠词; 名词:名词词组; 构词法:形容词,比较级、最高级,固定搭配, ,副词,派生词。 解题技巧: * 快速通读全文,把握中心意思。 * 弄清文章的体裁和题材、写作主线。 * 注意分析长句和复合句的句子结构。 * 注意上下文的联系。 * 根据上下文,分析空白处应填的词语的词性和语义。 * 对所填词语的语法形式是否准确进行检查。 常用考查项: 1 非谓语动词:to v., ved, ving 2 助动词:do,did,does,will,shall,has,have,had(在时语态中考查) 3 情态动词:can,should,must 等。 (考查基本用法,猜测,虚拟等) 4. 短语动词 5. 并列连词:and,or,but,so 等 6. 三大从句引导词。 7. 代词: 人称代词,物主代词,不定代词等。 少了选项的干扰 多了水平的发挥

解题过程训练
语法填空(1) On her 80th birthday,Nobel Prize-winning author Pearl Buck was asked if she wished to be young again.She quickly replied,“Wish to be young again?No,for I have learned too much to lose if.I am a far 1 today than I was 30 years ago,or 20 years ago,or 15,10 or even 5.I have learnt so much after a certain age, begin a downhill slide. 3 2 (value)person I was 70.”

Buck understood that life isn’meant to be lived on bell curve(钟形曲线).We don’t go up for a while and then, , we are able to continue on an upward trend. And one of the most
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significant ways we can do that is by learning from the When we take time 6 7 5

lives of

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--especially children.

(share)what we’ve learned with the children in our lives。we offer them something 8 (receive)are the lessons I collected from the older

they can get nowhere else--the treasure of experience.When I think back to the many positive influences on childhood, I recognize that some of the greatest gifts I 9 Grandpa Maxwell always encouraged and taught us kids when he

people in my life.I still remember clearly 解题思路: 1.快速通读全文

came to visit.He never left our house 10 sharing his life experiences.Those time shaped our lives so much!

2.请根据句子结构,试判断每个空格所填词的词性或语法功能。 (1)_______ (2)_______ (3)_______ (4)____ ____ (5)________ (6)_______ (7)_______ (8)_______ (9)________ (10)_______ 3.请分析句子的语法结构并按照上下文连贯的要求,用适当的词填空。 (1)I have learnt so much_____I was 70. (2)I still remember clearly_____Grandpa Maxwell always encouraged and taught us kids when he came to visit. 4.细读全文,依据语法的正确性及行文逻辑的连贯性逐个确定答案。 (1)__ _____ (2)_______ (3)_______ (4)________ (5)________ (6)_______ (7)_______ (8)_______ (9)________ (10)_______ 语法填空(2) Nowadays we live in a global village,and many difficulties will arise if we can’t express ourselves fluently in English. In spite 2 1 my awareness of its importance, I seldom find chances to practise and improve my oral English. (pronounce)and intonation aren't good 6 4 I am always too nervous to find the exact words to express my ideas and 5 (silence)when others are practising and making great progress ,I am still Very weak in this regard.One reason is that my 3

enough.Another is that I am so shy their oral English. Now I have decided going to“English Corners”, 7 8

feelings.As a result,I usually remain

(attach)much more importance to oral English and I have made up my mind to (talk)in English with my classmates and with native speakers.As the Chinese 9 world if you really put your heart into it.”If I can build up my

seize every opportunity to practise.I have begun to participate actively in all kinds of English activities,such as saying goes,“Nothing is difficult in be excellent someday. 解题思路: 1.快速通读全文 2.请根据句子结构,试判断每个空格所填词的词性或语法功能。 (1)_______ (2)_______ (3)_______ (4)________ (5)________ (6)_______ (7)_______ (8)_______ (9)________ (10)_______ 3.请分析句子的语法结构并按照上下文连贯的要求,用括号中词语的正确形式填空。 (1)One reason is thai my_____(pronounce)and intonation aren't good enough. (2)As a result,I usually remain______(silence)… (3)Now I have decided_____(attach)much more importance to oral English… (4)I have begun to participate actively in all kinds of English activities,such as going to“English Corners”, ____(talk)in English with my classmates and with native speakers. 4.细读全文,依据语法的正确性及行文逻辑的连贯性逐个确定答案。 (1)_______ (2)_______ (3)_______ (4)________ (5)________
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confidence. if I am not afraid of losing face any more, if I really work hard on 10 , I am sure my oral English will

(6)_______ (7)_______ (8)_______ (9)________ (10)_______ 语法填空(3) The yearly boat race between Peking University and Tsinghua University will not take place this year and it might be cancelled altogether, China Youth Daily reported.An unnamed Qinghua official mentioned the limited interest in the race (compete). The race between China's two top universities began in 1999.It US. After 6 start,organizers hoped the race would become the 7 (three)most famous college boat race in 8 9 was for the world after the Oxford-Cambridge university and Harvard-Yale races . The race had been intended (increase)publicity for Chinese universities and promote exchange with the outside world.In addition, 解题思路: 1.快速通读全文 2.请根据句子结构,试判断每个空格所填词的词性或语法功能。 (1)_______ (2)_______ (3)_______ (4)________ (5)________ (6)_______ (7)_______ (8)_______ (9)________ (10)_______ 3.请分析句子的语法结构并按照上下文连贯的要求,用适当的词或所给词的正确形 式填空。 (1)But many critics blame its possible cancellation on the race'S_______(high) competitive nature and the cheating_____has spoiled the good opinion peopie have of the______(compete). (2) It_____(inspire)by the world-famous boat race between the UK's Oxford and Cambridge universities. (3)The race had been intended______(increase)publicity for Chinese universities and promote exchange with the outside world. 4.细读全文,依据语法的正确性及行文逻辑的连贯性逐个确定答案。 (1)_______ (2)_______ (3)_______ (4)________ (5)________ (6)_______ (7)_______ (8)_______ (9)________ (10)_______ 5 (inspire)by the world-famous boat race between the UK's Oxford and Cambridge universities.There was also the example of Harvard-Yale Boat Race in the 1 the cause . But many critics blame its possible cancellation on the race's 3 has spoiled the good opinion people have of the 2 4 (high)competitive nature and the cheatin9

fun and entertainment, just like the races in the UK and the US. 10 as time passed, it became fiercely competitive.

模拟训练
阅读下面短文,按照句子结构的语法性和上下文连贯的要求,在空格处填入一个适当的词或使用括号中词语 的正确形式填空,并将答案填写在答题卡标号为 16~25 的相应位置上。 模拟训练 1 I met my step-mom for the first time when I moved to America. That night before I went to bed she came to my room, __16__was the first room I had ever had for my own. She told me she was glad to have me and that she __17__(take) good care of me. Because I was never shown affection __18__ a child, I did not know how to react, so I just stared at her. To this day, I have a hard time __19__ (let) others be affectionate towards me. She asked me for a hug, but I did not know what __20__ word “hug” meant. So, I just looked at her __21__ a questioning expression on my face. But she didn’t give up. She called my father into the room and asked him to explain to me what she meant. When he did I looked at my new step-mom and wondered__22__ she wanted to hug me. She then told me it was because she loved me and you hug people when you love __23__. So she opened her arms wide and timidly I opened__24__ and we hugged.
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That was my very first hug and I was eleven years old at that time. I’m twenty-three years old now and, __25__ (thank) , I have received many hugs since then.

模拟训练 2 In 1914, Thomas Edison, at the age of 67, lost his factory, _____16 was worth a few million dollars, to fire.It had very little insurance.No longer a young man, Edison watched his lifetime effort _____17 (go) up in smoke and said, “There is great value in disasters.All our mistakes are burnt up.Thank God we can start anew.” In spite of disasters, three weeks later, __18______ invented the phonograph.What __19________ attitude! Below are more examples of the the light bulb. Henry Ford fired Lee Iacocca at the age of 54. Young Beethoven 23 ________ (tell) that he had no talent for music, 24 ________ he gave some of the best music to the world. Setbacks are inevitable in life.A setback can act as a driving force and also teach us humility.In grief you will find courage and faith __25_______(overcome) the setback. 模拟训练 3 My friend Vernon Davies kept birds. One day he phoned and told me he was going away for a week. He asked me to feed 18 was worse, 21 19 16 birds for him and said that he would leave the key 17 _______ his front door in my mailbox. (fortunate), I forgot all about the birds until the night before Vernon was going to return. What was already dark when I arrived at his house. I soon found that the key Vernon gave me 20 the back door. I was getting desperate. I kept thinking of I noticed that one bedroom window was slightly open. I found a 20_________ (fail) of successful people: Thomas Edison failed 21____________ (approximate) 10, 000 times while he 22________ (work) on

could not unlock either the front door I was just going to give up managed to climb 23 22

Vernon would say when he came back.

barrel and pushed in under the window. As the barrel was very heavy, I made a lot of noise. But in the end, I and open the window. 24 I actually had one leg inside the bedroom when I suddenly realized that someone are you doing up there?” said the policeman. feed Mr Davies’ birds.” 模拟训练 4 How can we know that the birds we see in the South in the winter are the same ones that come north in the spring? Once John J. Audubon, a bird next spring, the birds winter 20 19 16 (love), wondered about this. Every year he 17 18 (watch) a legs. The pair of little phoebes nesting in the same place. He decided to put tiny silver bands(箍) on 25

(shine) a torch up at me. I looked down and saw a policeman and an old lady, one of Vernon’s neighbours. “What (feel) like a complete fool, I replied, “I was just going to

the bands came back in the very same place. The phoebe, it was learned, spent 21 makes all the birdbands. The bands

it was warm enough to find food. Today there are hundreds of birdbanders all over America. 22 24
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The government of the U.S. has a special birdbanding department do not hurt the birds, as they are made 23

aluminium and are very light. Each band has (ask) to send the band to Washington with a

special number. On each band are these words: “Inform Fish and Wildlife Service, Washington, D.C”.

Anyone who finds a dead bird with a band on its legs

note

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(tell) where the bird was found. In this way naturalists add to their knowledge of the

habits and needs of birds.

模拟训练 5 Long long ago, in a small and faraway village, there was a place known as the House of 1,000 Mirrors. A 1ittle happy dog learned of this place 17 16 decided to visit it. 18 staring at 1,000 other 20 21 When he arrived, he bounced happily up the stairs to the doorway of the house. He looked through the doorway his tail wagging as fast as it could. To his great surprise, he found 19 happy 1ittle dogs (wag) their tails just as fast as his. He smiled a great smile, and

(answer) with 1,000 great smiles. As he left the House, he thought to himself, "It is such a wonderful place I will come back to visit it often." In the same village, 22 he saw the 1,000 24

little dog, who was not as happy as the first one, also decided to visit the a smile. When 25 (angry) at them (friend) dogs staring back at him, he shouted

House. In a bad mood, he slowly climbed up the stairs and looked through the doorway 23

and was horrified to see 1,000 1ittle dogs shouting back at him in the same way. As he 1eft, he thought to himself, " This is a horrible place, and I won't come back here any more. All the faces in the world are like mirrors. What kind of reflections do you see in the faces of the people you meet? 模拟训练 6 People hundred 17 18 contains four or more. The words you know are called your vocabulary. You should try to make your vocabulary Read as many books as we can. There are a lot of books When you meet (much) useful book. 模拟训练 7 Night after night, she came to tuck me in, even long after my childhood years. __16_____ (follow) her longstanding custom, she’d lean down and push my long hair out of the way, then kiss my forehead. I don’t remember ___17___ it first started annoying me — her hands pushing my hair that way. Finally, one night, I shouted out at her, “Don’t do that anymore — your hands are too rough!” She didn’t say ___18____ in reply. But never again ___19_____ my mother close out my day __20_____ that familiar expression of her love. Time after time, with the passing years, my __21_____ (think) returned to that night. By then I missed my mother’s hands, — missed her goodnight kiss on my forehead. Now those hands I once thought to be so rough were still doing things for me and my family. I frequently recalled the night my young voice complained. One night, catching Mom’s hand in hand, I blurted out how sorry I was for that night. I thought she’d remember ___22_____ I did. But Mom didn’t know what I ___23_____ (talk) about. She had forgotten — and forgiven — long ago. That night, I fell asleep with a new ___24_______ (appreciate) for my gentle mother and ___25_____ caring
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(live) in different countries made different kinds of words. Today there are about fifteen in the world. Each contains many thousands of words. A very large dictionary, for example, five hundred thousand words. But we do not need 20 19 these. To read short stories you leave school; you will learn only one thousand 21 (big). 25

you need to know only about two thousand words.

22 24

(write) in easy English. You will enjoy them. in your dictionary. Your dictionary is your

23

new word, look it

hands. And the guilt that I had carried around for so long was nowhere to be found.

模拟训练 8 Once upon a time there was a rich merchant much. He was very 18
nd

16 __

_____ had four wives. He loved the 4th wife the

most. He took great care of her and gave her nothing

17___ _______ the best. He also loved the 3rd wife very

__ (pride) of her and always wanted to show off her to his friends. He also loved wife and

his 2 wife. She is __ 19 ___________very considerate person, always patient and in fact is the merchant’s close friend. __20__________ the merchant faced some problems, he always turned to his 2nd __21____________ would always help him out and tide(帮助渡过) him
st

22__________ difficult times. Now, the (contribute) in maintaining his ________, the merchant

merchant’s 1 wife is a very loyal partner and has made great 23___________ wealth and business as well as 24____________

(take) care of the household. _ 25

did not love the first wife and although she loved him deeply, he hardly took notice of her. 模拟训练 9 Keeping a diary in English is one of the 16__________ (effect) ways to improve our English writing ability. 17._____________ (compare) with other forms of writing, it is shorter and takes 18.____________ time. It can help us to develop the habit of thinking in English. 19.__ __________ we persist in this practice, gradually we’ll learn how to express ourselves in English. In keeping a diary in English, we certainly run up against many 20.__________. In the first place, 21.____________ often happens that we have trouble finding appropriate words and phrases to give expression to our mind. Secondly, there are many idiomatic ways of saying things in Chinese. And it is extremely hard for us to put them into English properly. As far as I _22. ______________ (concern), my 23._____________(suggest) is that we should always have a notebook and a Chinese-English dictionary within easy reach. Whenever something beats us, we can first put it down in our notebook and then consult our dictionary. We can also turn to our English teacher for help, if necessary. In short, I believe that it is 24.___________ great use to keep a diary in English for 25.___ ________ development of our writing skills. 模拟训练 10 There are moments in life ___16____ you miss someone so much that you just want to pick them from your dreams and hug(拥抱) them for real! When the door of happiness closes, __17_____ opens, but often we look so long at the closed door ___18____ we don’t see the one which has been opened for us. Don’t go for looks; they can deceive (欺骗). Don’t go for wealth; even that fades away. Go for someone ___19__ __ makes you smile because it takes only a smile to make a dark day seem bright. Dream what you want to dream; go where you want to go; be __20 __ you want to be. The ___21__(happy) of people don’t ___22__(necessary) have the best of everything; they just make the most of everything that ___23__ (come) along their way. The brightest future will always be based on a _24____ (forget) past. When you were born, you were crying and everyone _25____ you was smiling. Live your life so that when you die, you’re the one who is smiling and everyone around you is crying.

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Keys
解题过程训练篇
语法填空(1) 2.(1)形容词,(2)连词 (3)副词 (4)代词 (5)非谓语动词 (6)引导定语从句的关系代词 (7)形容词性物 主代词 (8)谓语动词 (9)连词 (10)介词 (3) Instead (8) have received (3)名词 (4) others (9) how (4)连词 (5) to share (10) without (5)形容词 (10)代词 (4) that (9) the (5) silent (10) it 3. (1) since (2) how 4. (1) more valuable (6) that 2.(1)介词 (6)介词 4. (1) of (6) in (2) since (7) my (2)连词 (7)谓语动词 (2) So/Therefore/Thus (7) to attach

语法填空(2) (8)非谓语动词 (9)冠词 (3) pronunciation (8) talking 语法填空(3) 2.(1)介词 (2)副词 (6)冠词 4. (1) as (6) the/its (3)引导定语从句的关系代词 (4)名词 (9)代词 (3) to increase (4) competition (9) it (5) was inspired (10) But (2) was inspired (3) that/which (8) to increase (5)谓语动词 (10)连词 (7)序数词 (8)非谓语动词 (2) highly (7) third

3. (1) pronunciation (2) silent (3) am attaching (4) talking

3. (1) highly; that; competition

模拟训练篇
模拟训练 1 16.which 17.would take 18.as 19.letting 20.the 21.with 22. why 23. them 24. mine 25. thankfully 模拟训练 2 16.which 17.go 18.he 19.an 20.failures 21.approximately 22.was working 23.was told 24.but 25.to overcome 模拟训练 3 16. the 17. to 18.Unfortunately 19. it 20. or 21. what 22.when 23. up 24.was shining 模拟训练 4 16. lover 17. watched 18. their 19. with 20. where/wherever 21. which/that 22. of 23. a 24. is asked 25. telling 模拟训练 5 l6. and 21. that 16. living 17. with 22. another 18. himself 23. without 19. wagging 模拟训练 6 分词短语作后置定语。 17. languages 下文有提示。 18. or / to 一本大的辞典包括四至五十万单词。19. all 但是我们并不需要所有这些单词。20. Before 在你 毕业之前。 21. bigger 你应该扩大你的词汇量。 25. most 你的辞典是你最有用的书。 模拟训练 7 [答案及解析] 本文讲述母亲的双手给作者带来无私的母爱的故事。那双手已经不再温柔,甚至有
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25. Feeling

20. was answered

24. unfriendly 25. angrily

22. written 过去分词短语作后置定语。 23. a 当你碰到一个新的单词时。 24. up 固定结构,意为“查询”。

些粗糙,但那双手依然给作者带来温暖,母爱永远难以割断。 16. Following。因逻辑主语 she 与 follow 是主动关系,用现在分词短语作状语,故填 Following。 17. when。引导宾语从句,表示时间,用连接副词 when。句意:我不记得母亲最初是什么时候开始用手 拨弄我的头发了。 18. anything。母亲什么也没回答,在否定句中,用 anything。 19. did。因否定词 never 置于句首时,要用部分倒装句,是一般过去时,填助动词 did。 20. with。意思是“用她那熟悉的爱的表达方式”,表示“用”,填介词 with。 21. thoughts。由形容词性物主代词 my 可知,该空应填名词;另外 thought 用复数形式,表示 “记忆,心 思”。 22. as。作者认为母亲会像她自己记得那样,也记得那件事。表示“与……一样”,填连词 as。 23. was talking。妈妈不知道我在谈论什么,用过去进行时,填 was talking。 24. appreciation。不定冠词 a 后应接名词,故填 appreciation。 25. her。指母亲那体贴的双手。 模拟训练 8 16. who 21. she 17. but 22. through/over 18. proud 23 .contributions 19. a 24. taking 模拟训练 9 20. When/Whenever 25. However

16. effective 21. it

17. Compared 22. am concerned

18. less 23. suggestion

19. If 24. of

20. difficulties 25. the

模拟训练 10 [答案及解析]这篇文章意在告诉读者要微笑着面对生活,这样此生无怨无悔。 16. when。引导定语从句,先行词是 moments,在从句中充当时间状语,故用 when。 17. another。句意:当幸福之门关闭时,另一扇打开了。 为我们打开了的门。 19. who。引导定语从句,先行词是 someone,在定语从句中做主语,指人,故用 who。 20. what。引导表语从句并在从句中作表语,故用连接代词 what。 21. happiest。由后文的 the best of … 可知,这里用形容词最高级,表示“最幸福的人”。 22. necessarily。修饰动词 have,做状语,要用副词。 23. comes。由前面的 have,make 等谓语动词可知,用一般现在时;又因该定语从句中的主语 that 是替 代先行词 everything 的,而 everything 是第三人称单数,故填 comes。 24. forgotten。 因 past 在这里是名词, 前面需要定语; 又因 past 与 forget 是被动关系, 故用过去分词 forgotten 做定语。 25. around。表示“在……周围”,用介词 around。
[Z#xx#k.Com]

18. that。此处是 so…that…句型。句意为:但是我们常常眷恋着那道关上了的门,而看不见另一道已经

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