高中英语名词性从句专项练习 引导名词性从句的连接词可分为三类： 连接词：that, whether, if （不充当从句的任何成分） 连接代词：what, whatever, who, whoever, whom, whose, which. 连接副词：when, where, how, why 主语从句 有时为避免句子头重脚轻，常用形式主语 it 代替主语从句作形式主语放于句首
，而把主语从句 置于句末。主语从句后的谓语动词一般用单数形式。常用句型如下： （1）It + be + 名词 + that 从句 （2）It + be + 形容词 + that 从句 （3）It + be + 动词的过去分词 + that 从句 （4）It + 不及物动词 + that 从句 另注意在主语从句中用来表示惊奇、不相信、惋惜、理应如此等语气时，谓语动词要用虚拟语 气“(should) +do” ，常用的句型有： It is necessary (important, natural, strange, etc.) that ? It is a pity (a shame, no wonder, etc.) that? It is suggested (requested, proposed, desired, etc.) that? 宾语从句 由连接词 that 引导宾语从句时，that 在句中不担任任何成分，在口语或非正式的文体中常被省去，但 如从句是并列句时,第二个分句前的 that 不可省。例如：
注意：在 demand、order、suggest、decide、insist, desire, demand, request, command 等表示要求、命
令、建议、决定等意义的动词后，宾语从句常用“ （should）+ 动词原形” 。例如： I insist that she (should) do her work alone. 我坚持要她自己工作。 The commander ordered that troops (should) set off at once. 司令员命令部队马上出发。 同位语从句 同位语从句说明其前面的名词的具体内容。同位语从句通常由 that 引导，可用于同位语从句的 名词有 advice、demand、doubt、fact、hope、idea、information、message、news、order、problem、 promise、question、request、suggestion、truth、wish、word 等。例如： The news that we won the game is exciting. 我们赢得这场比赛的消息令人激动。 I have no idea when he will come back home. 我不知道他什么时候回来。 The thought came to him that Mary had probably fallen ill. 他想到可能玛丽生病了。 同位语从句和定语从句的区别： that 作为关系代词，可以引导定语从句，充当句子成分，在从句中作宾语时可以省略； that 引 导同位语从句时，起连词的作用，没有实际意义，不充当句子成分，一般不能省略。 试比较下面两个例句: I had no idea that you were here． （that 引导同位语从句，不能省略） Have you got the idea（that）this book gives you of life in ancient Greece？ （that 引导定语从句， 作宾语， 可以省略）
名词性从句专项练习 100 题
1. His success was because of ________ he had been working hard. A. that B. the fact which C. the fact that D. the fact 2. “Is Mary from New York City” “I don't know _______.” A. from what city does she come from C. what city does she come from 3. ________ makes mistakes must correct them. A. What B. That
B. from what city she come D. what city she comes from C. Whoever
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4. The reason why I didn't go to Shanghai was ________ a new job. A. because I got A. while A. did he do that B. because of getting B. that B. he did that C. I got C. if C. he did D. that I got D. for D. he has done so 5. It worried her a bit ____ her hair was turning grey. 6. Henry killed the dog. I'll ask him why ________. 7. Have you seen Henry lately My boss wants to know ________. A. how he is getting along C. what he is getting along A. however B. whatever B. how is he getting along D. what is he getting along C. whichever B. what wrong was D. what trouble it is C. of that C. has not known B. did the watch cost D. the watch costs B. afraid about C. afraid that D. afraid for D. that what D. have not bee D. whenever
8. It is generally considered unwise to give a child ____ he or she wants. 9. He asked me ________ with me. A. what is the trouble C. what was the matter 10. I am sure ________ he said is true. A. that A. is not known B. about that B. are not known 11. When and why he came here ________ yet. 12. I wonder how much ________. A. does the watch cost C. the watch costed 13. Mary is ________ someone might recognize her. A. afraid of 14.________ is no reason for dismissing her. A. Because she was a few minutes late C. The fact that she was a few minutes late A. that not all things can be done C. being not all things can be done A. for A. that B. because B. if 15. They came to the conclusion ________ by a computer. B. because of not all things be done D. because not all things can be done C. since C. what D. that D. whether B. Owing to a few minutes late D. Being a few minutes late
16. Why the explosion occurred was ________ the laboratory attendant had been careless. 17. I don't doubt ________ he'll come. 18. —“Why did you go to the wrong class, Mr. Wang” —“Well, I forget _______ I was supposed to go to.” A. which the room A. that B. which room B. which C. what was the room C. what D. what room was it 19. Output is now six times ________ it was before liberation. D. of which 20. Mary: Helen is a mere washer woman, yet she's now buying a big house. Carol: Yes. Because she's always saved ________.
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A. what little she earns C. for little she earns A. That…what A. which A. that B. What…that B. what B. which
B. how little she earns D. with little she earns C. That…which C. that C. all what D. What…which D. this D. all that
21. ______ surprised me most was ______ such a little boy of seven could play the violin so well. 22. We gave him ________ help we could. 23. She is pleased with what you have given him and ________ you have told him. 24. Excuse me would you please tell me ________ A. when the sports meet is taken place C. when is the sports meet to begin 25. Do you happen to know ________ A. what size shoes he wears C. what is the size of his shoes A. how you have observed C. that you have observed 27. Where do you think ________ A. has he gone B. has he been C. he's gone D. was he 28. Do you know ________ A. how many populations there are in the world B. how much population there is in the world C. how many the population of the world is D. what the population of the world is 29. Would you go and see ________ outside A. what to take place C. what is happening A. what B. interesting B. what Tom has happened D. what the matter had been C. What is interesting D. I B. how big shoes he wears D. what number shoes are his B. how what you have observed D. how that you have observed B. when is the sports meet going to be held D. when the sports meet is to take place
26. This book will show you ________ can be used in other contexts.
30. The subject of "What is interesting is that I do not even know him." is_______. 31. ________ I think he is Charles. A. Who do you think he is C. Whom do you think he is 32. He didn't know which room ________. A. they lived A. that A. what it is A. which B. they lived in B. which B. that it used to be B. that C. did they live C. whatever C. which it was C. what
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B. Do you think who he is D. Do you think who he is D. did they live in D. no matter what D. what it used to be D. all what
33. The little boy ate ________ his mother gave him. 34. The city is no longer ________. 35. My parents used ________ they had to get a new car for me.
36. ________ we go swimming every day ________ us a lot of good. A. If…do A. What…that A. That…what A. what that A. if B. That…do B. That…what B. What…that B. that what B. that C. If…does C. How…why C. Where…which C. that which C. whether D. That…does D. Why…how D. Which…where D. which that D. which 37. ________ was the idea _______ the wife thought of 38. _______ did he tell his wife ________ he wished to do 39. One of the men held the view ________ the book said was right. 40. I have no idea ________ or not he has finished the work. 41. —“Do you know ________” —“His father is a doctor.” A. what is his father C. what his father is A. place A. thinks that A. where A. if 46. She asked ________. A. what I was doing when she rang me up C. when she rang me up what I was doing 47. —May I borrow the ring —You can take _______ you like. A. no matter what B. which 48. He said that he was fond of ________. A. what beautiful is C. beautiful is what A. was, be sent A. who A. if A. except B. is, is sent B. whom B. that B. except for B. what is beautiful D. what it is beautiful C. be, was sent C. that C. whether C. except that D. be, send D. whose D. how D. but for C. whichever D. that B. what was I doing when she rang me up D. when did she ring me up what I was doing B. place in which B. is thought what B. wherever B. that B. who is his father D. who his father is C. where C. thought that C. that C. what D. place which D. is thought that D. that wherever D. whether
42. Is this ________ we met each other two years ago 43. It ________ Bob drives badly. 44. We all know the truth ________ there are air, water and sunlight there are living things. 45. They discussed ________ they could settle the problem without others' help.
49. He insisted that he ________ in good health and _______ to work there. 50. Do you know ________ he expects will give us a talk 51. It's uncertain ________ the experiment is worth doing. 52. They would have fixed the telephone yesterday _________ it was a holiday. 53. ________ is to do good all one's life and never do anything bad.
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A. Whichever is hard C. What is hard A. That A. we go A. What, what A. What B. What B. we will go B. What, that B. Who
B. No matter what is hard D. All what is hard C. How C. should we go C. That, that C. That D. Which D. that we go D. That, what D. Whether
54. ________ the boy didn't take medicine made his mother angry. 55. As the day was fine, I made the suggestion ________ for a walk in the park. 56. ____ we can't get seems better than ____ we have. 57. ____ you don't like him is none of my business. 58. You can't imagine ____ when they received these nice Christmas presents. A. how they were excited C. how excited were they A. If A. What … that A. That A. When A. If A. How A. What A. Who A. Which A. which A. why A. even if A. that B. Whether B. That … what B. Why B. Why B. Where B. What B. If B. Anyone B. That B. when B. when B. as if B. what B. how excited they were D. they were how excited C. That C. Why … that C. How C. What C. That C. Why C. Why C. Whoever C. If C. that C. what C. even though C. why D. Where D. If … what D. Who D. That D. What D. This D. Whether D. Anybody D. How D. where D. who D. like D. how
59. ____ we'll go camping tomorrow depends on the weather. 60. ________he really means is ________he disagrees with us. 61. _________is going to do the job will be decided by the Party committee. 62. _______ we'll finish translating the book depends on the time. 63. _______ the house will be built will be discussed at tomorrow's meeting. 64. _______ he won't go there is clear to all of us. 65. _______ you come or not is up to you. 66. _______ makes mistakes must correct them. 67. _______ team will win the match is a matter of public concern. 68.Three days later, word came ________our country had sent up another man-made satellite. 69.The problem is ________will go to the meeting. 70.It looks _______ it were going to rain. 71.That is _______ he likes the place so much. 72.That is ______ Lu Xun once lived.
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A. what A. that A. which A. is
B. where B. it B. what B. are
C. that C. this C. that C. were
D. why D. what D. how D. was
73. We thought _______ strange that Tom did not come yesterday. 74.The fact _______ she had not said anything surprised all of us. 75.What I'm considering now _________ the money we need. 76.Can you tell me __________ A. who is that gentleman C. who that gentleman is A. Anyone B. The person B. that gentleman is who D. whom is that gentleman C. Whoever B. that D. how B. which B. that B. what B. what B. that of those B. Whether B. who…X B. whether B. that B. if B. how C. what C. how C. which C. that C. that all of C. What C. what…X C. if C. when C. X C. which D. X D. whether D. which of those D. When D. how…that D. when D. how D. that D. that how D. such D. why what D. Who
77. ________leaves the room last ought to turn off the lights. 78. It is well known _________ a person eats causes changes in the body. A. that what, when, and how C. what A. that A. why A. that A. which A. what those A. If A. who…that A. that A. for A. whether A. if
79. The energy is ________ makes the cells able to do their work. 80. Jack was soon told ________ he did was not necessary. 81. We should think carefully about ________ Mr. Needham said at the meeting. 82. Can you point out ________ two radios are the best 83. You will easily know ________ video recorders (录相机) are the same. 84. ________ you have seen things like these before doesn't matter. 85. I asked her in English ________ she was, and she told me ________ she was an actress. 86. She took it for granted ________ I'd be back home an hour ago. 87. We think it possible ________ the local government will be able to solve the housing problem. 88. Now there is a danger ________ the ground may fall in (沉下) under the heavy traffic. 89. At that time I had no idea ________ I could hand it to him without being seen. 90. Last Sunday he promised ________ today, but he hasn't appeared yet. A. that he would come C. he will come to see me
B. that he will come D. whether he would come
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91. Last Sunday he made a promise ________ he was free he would take me to Qingdao. A. if B. that C. that if D. whether 92. Do you have any idea ________ A. when Miss Smith will arrive C. how will Miss Smith arrive 93. I have almost forgotten ________. A. how Mr. Taylor's like C. what Mr. Taylor's face is A. how you get …that you give C. what you get …what you give 95. Do you know ________ A. what is this used for C. which this is used 96. ________ surprised me most was ________. A. That…that she spoke Japanese so well C. What…that she spoke Japanese so well 97. ________ is to dance. A. That interests Mary really C. What really interests Mary 98. We were greatly amused by ________. A. what you have told us C. what you told us A. that we expected C. which we have expected A. That…that you had expected C. That…what you had expected 1-5.CDCDB 6-10.BABCD B. which you had told us D. that you told us B. what we expected D. what we expect B. What …that you had expected D. What…what you had expected 11-15.ADCCA 16-20.DABCA 21-25.BBDDA 26-30.BCDCC DABCD 56-60.ACBBA 61-65 B. Which really interests Mary. D. What really interest Mary B. What…how could she speak Japanese so well D. That…why she could speak Japanese so well B. what this is used for D. that this is used for B. what Mr. Taylor's face is like D. which Mr. Taylor's face is like B. which you got what you give D. what do you get…what do you give B. when will Miss Smith arrive D. why hasn't Miss Smith arrived
94. The true value of life is not in ________, but ________.
99. These computers are different from ________.
100. ________ Tom liked to eat was different from ________.
31-35.ABCDC 36-40.DABBC 41-45.CCDDD 46-50.ACBAA 51-55.CCCAD 66-70 CACDB 71-75 CBBCA CCCBD 一、用 that 或 what 填空 1.______ he wants is a book. 2. ______ he wants to go there is obvious. 3.The result is ______ we won the game. 4.This is _____ we want to know. 5.Is _____ he told us true ? 6.We should pay attention to ______ the teacher is saying. 7. I have no doubt _____ he will come.
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81-85 BADBC 86-90 ABDBA 91-95 CABCB 96-100
8. I have no idea _____ he did that afternoon. 9._____ has made China_____ it is now? 10. we can’t get seems better than we have .（’96） 11.A computer can only do you instructed it to do . 12.He became so angry he couldn't speak . 13.There is the city we visited last year . 14.There is no doubt the price of cars will go down . 15.None of us has a clear idea the others want to do . 16.Do he or she tells you to do . 17. he did surprised us . 18. he did so surprised us . 19.This is all I know. 20.This is I know. 21.______ you have done might do harm to other people.（’87） 22.______ he said at the meeting astonished everybody present.（’93） 23。______ you don't like him is none of my business.（’92 上海试题） 24.The fact ____ he is a model teacher is well-known. 25.They expressed the hope____they would come over to China again. 二、用 if 或 whether 填空 1. I asked her __________ she had a bike. 2.______ we will hold a party in the open air tomorrow depends on the weather. 3. We’re worried about ________ he is safe. 4. I don’t know ___________ he is well or not. 5. I don’t know ________ or not he is well. 6. The question is _______ he should do it. 7.The doctor can hardly answer the question______ the old man will recover soon. 8. I don’t know _______ to go. 9.______ you are not free tomorrow, I’ll go without you. 10.It depends on she will come. 11.I have no idea he will be back . 12.We must stick to our promise or no . 13. It is valuable ,I can't say . 14.I don’t know he is lying or not. 15. I didn’t know to laugh or to cry. a. 引导主语从句并在句首时；b. 引导表语从句时；c . 引导从句作介词宾语时； d. 从句后有“or not”时；e. 后接动词不定式时。 例如： Whether there is life on the moon is an interesting question. Everything depends on whether we have enough money. 三、改正下列句子中的错误，每句一处错。 1.The American Civil War broke out in 1861 is known to many of us .( ) 2.That he saw there impressed him deeply .( ) 3.This is all what I know.( ) 4.Could you tell me where do you live ?( ) 5.The old minister came back with a message which the cloth was really magnificent .(
6.It is unknown if he will come .( ) 7.As is known to all that paper was first made in China .( ) 8.Anyone breaks the law should be punished .( ) 9.How we can get more reading materials have been discussed at the meeting .( 10.The professor was very satisfied with that his students had done in the experiment .( 11.The news which our team had won pleased everyone .( ) 12.I don't doubt whether he can work out the problem .( ) 13. I have been worrying about if I have hurt her feeling .( ) 14.I don't know that he wants .( ) 15.The reason why he didn't come is because he was ill .( )
四、用适当的连词填空： 1. __ _ you don’t like him is none of my business. 2. ______ we’ll go camping depends on _____ it will be fine tomorrow. 3. _____ she comes or not makes no difference. 4. The question is ____ it is worth doing. 5. There is some doubt ____he will come./ There is no doubt ____he will come. 6. ____ is a fact that English is being accepted as an international language. 7. _____ has helped to save the drowning girl is worth praising. 8. It is said that the famous football star is not willing to play for ______ would pay him three million dollars a year. 9. It was about 600 years ago ____ the first clock with a face and an hour hand was made. 10. Go and get your coat. It ’s ____ you left it. 11. You are saying that everyone should be equal, and this is _____ I disagree 12. --- I drove to Zhuhai for the air show last week. --- Is that _____ you had a few days off? 13. I remember ____ this used to be a quiet village. 14. ---Do you remember____ he came? --- Yes, I do, he came by car. 15. It is generally considered unwise to give a child _____ he or she wants 16. _____we can’t get comes better than ____ we have. 17. A computer can only do ____ you have instructed it to do. 18. It is pretty well understood ____ controls the flow of carbon dioxide in and out the atmosphere today. 19. A modern city has been set up in _____ was a wasteland ten years ago. 20. Do you have any idea ___ is actually going on in the classroom? 21. See the flags on the building? That was_____ we did this morning. 22. America was ____ was first called “India” by Columbus. 23. _____ troubles me most is _____ I don’t know how to calm the sick old man. 24. I think it is ____ you are working yourself too much. 25. The reason ____ I plan to go is ____ she will be disappointed ____ I don’t. 26. Danby left word with my secretary ____ he would call again in the afternoon. 27. Do _____ you think is right, ________ they say. 28. It’s known to us _______ there is pollution, there is harm. 29. He made a promise ________ anyone set him free he would make him very rich. 30. It was at the very beginning ___ Mr. Fox made the decision ___ we should send more firefighters
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here. 五、判断下列各句哪句含有名词性从句，并指出是什么从句： 1. China is no longer what it used to be. 2. The truth that the earth turn around the sun is known to all. 3. It was snowing when he arrived at the station. 4. How he persuaded the manager to change the plan is interesting to us all. 5. The news that they had won the game soon spread over the whole school. 6. The news that you told me yesterday was really disappointing. 7. That is where Lu Xun used to live. 8. He spoke as if he understood what he was talking about. 9. Do you remember the teacher who taught us English at middle school? 10. I wonder why she refused my invitation. 七、语法填空： It is known to us 1 once Tom and Ann were 2 affectionate （恩爱的）couple. But to our surprise, 3 broke up two years ago. 4 made them part company（分手 ）was 5 Tom was 6 absorbed in his business 7 he overlooked（忽略） his wife sometimes. I felt it was a pity, 8 （hope ） that they would reconcile （和好 ） . So yesterday 9 I heard the news 10 they lived together again, I felt very happy. 参考答案 一、用 that 或 what 填空 1. What 2.That 3.that4.what 5. what 6. what 7. that 8. What 9.what, what 10. what , what 11.what 12.that 13 .that 14.that 15. what 16.what 17.What 18. That 19. That 20.what 21。What 22。What 23。That 24.that 25.that 二、用 if 或 whether 填空 1.if / whether 2.Whether3. Whether 4.Whether5.Whether6.Whether7.Whether8.Whether 9.if 10.whether 11.whether12.whether 13.whether 14.whether 15.whether 三、改正下列句子中的错误，每句一处错。 四、用适当的连词填空： 1. That 2. Whether, whether 3. whether 4. whether 5. whether 6. It 7. Whoever 8.whoever 9. that 10. Where 11. where 12. why 13. when 14. how 15.whatever 16.What, what 17. what 18. what 19.what 20. What 21. what 22. what 23. What, that 24. because 25. why, that, if 26.that 27. what, whatever 28.that where 29. that if 30.that, that 五、判断下列各句哪句含有名词性从句，并指出是什么从句： 1、表语从句；2、同位语从句；3、不是；4、主语从句；5、同位语从句；6、不是；7、表语从句； 8、宾语从句；9、不是；10、宾语从句 七、语法填空： It is known to us that once Tom and Ann were an affectionate 恩爱的 couple. But to our surprise, they broke up two years ago. What made them part company was that Tom was so absorbed in his business that he overlooked his wife sometimes. I felt it was a pity, hoping that they would reconcile. So yesterday when I heard the news that they lived together again, I felt very happy.
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