珠海市 2012 年 9 月高三摸底考试 英语试题
本试卷共 12 页, 三大题, 满分 135 分。考试用时 120 分钟。听说合考另行安排。 注意事项：1. 答卷前，考生务必用黑色字迹的钢笔或签字笔将自己的姓名和考生号、试室号、座位号填写 在答题卡
上。用 2B 铅笔将试卷类型(A)填涂在答题卡相应位置上。 2. 选择题每小题选出答案后，用 2B 铅笔把答题卡上对应题目选项的答案信息点涂黑，如需改 动，用橡皮擦干净后，再选涂其他答案，答案不能答在试卷上。 3. 非选择题必须用黑色字迹钢笔或签字笔作答，答案必须写在答题卡各题目指定区域内相应位 置上；如需改动，先划掉原来的答案，然后再写上新的答案；不准使用铅笔和涂改液。不按 以上要求作答的答案无效。 4. 考生必须保持答题卡的整洁。考试结束后，将答题卷和答题卡一并交回。
Ⅰ、语言知识及应用（共两节，满分 45 分) 第一节 完形填空（共 15 小题；每小题 2 分，满分 30 分） 阅读下面短文，掌握其大意，然后从 1~15 各题所给的 A、B、C 和 D 项中，选 出最佳选项，并在答题卡上将该项涂黑。 The story happened years ago，when my daughter was still little. I was driving across the country with my daughter to 1 my husband. Since I intended to get to my destination before supper time, I drove 2 for a long time without a stop. Then after driving for many miles, I became tired and needed to stop for a break to get 3 . I found a rest area. It was mostly deserted, in a quiet area of the highway. I parked the car and carried my 4 into the restroom. When I came out I saw a middle-aged 5 wandering around. Feeling 6 about that, I asked the lady. What 7 me was: they were waiting for us! The lady told me that she and her husband wanted to see us safely back into our 8 . She explained that sometimes rest areas could be a 9 place for a young lady like me. She told me that she had a daughter almost my age, so they wanted to make sure that I got safely back on my way. I was very touched by their 10 . Being young, and probably naive to the potential 11 of rest areas, it had never occurred to me that there was any possibility of something going wrong. I 12 them for their kindness. My daughter and I continued our journey and 13 our destination safely. K*s5$u I never got their names but years have passed and their kindness is still not 14 . Sometimes angels come in make-up and just because you can?t see their 15 it doesn?t mean they aren?t angels. 1. A. desert B. stop C. join D. save 2. A. slowly B. quickly C. safely D. quietly 3. A. excited B. bored C. interested D. refreshed 4. A. daughter B. luggage C. license D. car
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5. A. lady 6. A. angry 7. A. surprised 8. A. room 9. A. quiet 10. A. devotion 11. A. stops 12. A. forgave 13. A. reached 14. A. seen 15. A. kindness 第二节
B. man B. curious B. worried B. car B. noisy B. honesty B. dangers B. asked B. left B. forgotten B. safety
C. couple C. jealous C. annoyed C. area C. dangerous C. potential C. mistakes C. thanked C. missed C. deserted C. faces
D. angel D. terrible D. upset D. park D. safe D. consideration D. changes D. blamed D. passed D. recognized D. wings
语法填空（共 10 小题；每小题 1.5 分，满分 15 分）
阅读下面短文， 按照句子结构的语法性和上下文连贯的要求，在空格处填入一个 适当的词或使用括号中词语的正确形式填空，并将答案填写在答题卡标号为 16~25 的相应位置上。 K*s5$u What on earth does happiness mean? I can?t give you its exact definition, but I?m sure if you love and help 16. , you?ll get it. K*s5$u I?ll never forget an old lady. She lives in 17. small house alone. It is said that her husband and her son 18. （die） a road accident years ago. Her life in is bitter, but she often helps others 19 . a smile. Whenever it snows, she is always the first to clean the paths. She looks after several children living nearby. I am one of them. I often remember the stories she told us and her kind smile. Perhaps she is unlucky, but I think she is a happy person. Her life is full of 20. （laugh）and love. But I?m sad to see some people getting their happiness in bad ways. They talk 21. （noisy）in cinemas and meeting rooms; they destroy trees to enjoy themselves and they laugh at others? shortcomings. Perhaps they feel happy at that time, 22. they will never get true happiness because they 23. （lose） their personality already. Now I know what happiness is. 24. means kindness, love and unselfishness. Above all, I have come to understand that 25. （bring） happiness to others is getting ourselves happiness.
Ⅱ 、阅读 (共两节, 满分 50 分) 第一节 阅读理解 (共 20 小题；每小题 2 分, 满分 40 分) 阅读下列短文, 从每题所给的 A、 C 和 D 项中, 选出最佳选项, 并在答题卡上 B、 将该项涂黑。
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The writer Margaret Mitchell is best known for writing Gone with the Wind, first published in 1936. Her book and the movie based on it, tell a story of love and survival during the American Civil War. Visitors to the Margaret Mitchell House in Atlanta, Georgia, can go where she lived when she started composing the story and learn more about her life. Our first stop at the Margaret Mitchell House is an exhibit area telling about the writer?s life. She was born in Atlanta in 1900. She started writing stories when she was a child. She started working as a reporter for the Atlanta Journal newspaper in 1922. One photograph of Ms. Mitchell, called Peggy, shows her talking to a group of young college boys. She was only about one and a half meters tall. The young men tower over her, but she seems very happy and sure of herself. The tour guide explains: “Now in this picture Peggy is interviewing some boys from Georgia Tech, asking them such questions as ?Would you really marry a woman who works?? And today it?d be ?Would you marry one who doesn?t?? ” The Margaret Mitchell House is a building that once contained several apartments. Now we enter the first floor apartment where Ms. Mitchell lived with her husband, John Marsh. They made fun of the small apartment by calling it “The Dump ” . Around 1926, Margaret Mitchell had stopped working as a reporter and was at home healing after an injury. Her husband brought her books to read from the library. She read so many books that he bought her a typewriter and said it was time for her to write her own book. Our guide says Gone with the Wind became a huge success. Margaret Mitchell received the Pulitzer Prize for the book. In 1939 the film version was released. It won ten Academy Awards, including Best Picture. 26. The book Gone with the Wind was _________. A. first published on a newspaper B. awarded ten Academy Awards K*s5$u C. written in “The Dump” D. adapted from a movie 27. The underlined phrase “tower over” in Paragraph 2 is closest in meaning to_________. A. be very pleased with B. show great respect for C. be much taller than D. show little interest in 28. Why did Ms. Mitchell stop working as a reporter according to the passage? A. Because she was rich enough. B. Because she was injured then. C. Because her husband didn?t like it. D. Because she wanted to write books.
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29. We can know about Margaret Mitchell from the passage that _________. A. her height made her marriage unhappy B. her interest in writing continued as an adult C. writing stopped her working as a reporter D. her life was full of hardship and sadness 30. Which is the best title for the passage? A. A Trip to Know Margaret Mitchell. B. Gone with the Wind: A Huge Success. C. An Introduction of the Margaret Mitchell House. D. Margaret Mitchell: A Great Female Writer. B When I was a kid, I used to spend hours listening to Adam Carolla and Dr. Drew Pinsky on their Sunday night radio show Loveline. I listened so often that I began to use one of their well-known phrases—“good times”—in my daily conversations. Scientists have a name for this phenomenon: behavioral mimicry. You?ve probably experienced this before: after spending enough time with another person, you might start to pick up on his or her behavior or speech habits. You might even start to develop your friend?s habits without realizing it. There is a large body of literature concerning this sort of phenomenon, and it regularly happens for everything from body postures to accents to drink patterns. For example, one study found that young adults were more likely to drink their drink directly after their same-sex drinking partners, than for the two individuals to drink at their own paces. And the effect isn?t limited to real-life face-to-face activities. Another study found that the same you-drink-then-I-drink pattern held even when watching a movie! In other words, people were more likely to take a drink of their drinks in a theater after watching the actors on the screen enjoy a drink. At least I don?t feel so strange anymore, having picked up on Adam Carolla?s “good times”. New research published today in the journal PLOS ONE indicates that the same sort of behavioral mimicry is responsible for social eating, at least among university-age women of normal weight. That?s right: the young women were more likely to adjust their eating according to the eating pace of their same-sex dining companion. As with most experiments, these results raise a whole new set of questions. Still, the finding that behavioral mimicry may at least partly account for eating behavior is important, and has real effects on health. The researchers note that “as long as people don?t fully recognize such important influences on intake, it will be difficult to make healthy food choices and keep a healthy diet, especially when people are exposed to the eating behavior of others”. 31. The author takes his own example of using “good times” to _________.
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A. express his love for radio shows B. prove the popularity of the show C. show the influence of the hosts? words D. introduce the topic of the passage 32. The underlined word “mimicry” in Paragraph 1 is closest in meaning to _________. A. copying B. adjusting C. recognition D. observation 33. Which of the following is NOT an example of behavioral mimicry? A. A boy eats his popcorn after watching the actor eat. B. A boy buys a Nike shirt when he finds his desk-mate has one. C. A girl unconsciously sits straight just as others do. D. A girl takes on the Yorkshire accent after a month?s stay. 34. It can be inferred from the last paragraph that _________. A. behavioral mimicry is beneficial to our health B. behavioral mimicry decides our eating behavior C. there are doubts on the research results D. there are people always exposed to bad eating habits 35. What is probably the author?s purpose of writing this passage? A. To draw readers? attention to popular radio shows. B. To introduce behavioral mimicry and its influence. C. To appeal to readers not to fall into others? habits. D. To advocate healthy food choices among readers. C As a senior, my future is always on my mind. To be exact, thoughts of the future have kept me up countless nights and made me worry enough to do poorly on more than one test. Because of this, words of wisdom are a source of comfort. Steve Jobs gave a speech to Stanford?s graduating class in 2005 and his words resound repeatedly in my mind whenever I think about my future. It wasn?t always like that, though. It started when I became a junior, when college came into view. It?s the first big step to making your life your own. So when Jobs discussed his life as a student, some fears were eased. He, too, felt the need to attend college to make something of himself. He faced what many are extremely afraid of: uncertainty. His lack of understanding caused him to stop attending college and focus on what he felt was important. His story had a happy ending, of course, since he certainly turned out well. K*s5$u This doesn?t mean that students shouldn?t attend college, but rather that they shouldn?t worry so much. You?ll get where you need to go, even if your path is a bit
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more winding（蜿蜒的）than you?d like. Jobs talked about the hardships in his work. His love of his work helped him carry on and he got where he was meant to be, which restates the point: don?t panic. One particular part of his speech stayed with me. Steve Jobs quoted（引用）the saying “Stay hungry, stay foolish” and it has become my motto. Staying foolish is realizing that you are still a fool, no matter how much you?ve learned or experienced. There is always more to explore. Staying hungry is wanting to find those things about which you are still uneducated. Steve Jobs?s level of success is attainable, and I aim to prove that. With the will power to go into the world living every day like it?s my last and allowing the future to take care of itself, I will do great things. In the last moments of my life, I?ll be proud of what I have done and hope to have all the wisdom a person could wish for. 36. The author felt worried when _________. A. he had to take tests at school B. he thought about his future C. he had lots of sleepless nights D. he searched for words of wisdom 37. It is suggested in Paragraphs 1 and 2 that _________. A. Steve Jobs didn?t attend college B. Steve Jobs failed because of his decision C. the author is a college student D. the author cares much about his future 38. What did the author gain from Jobs?s speech? A. Courage to drop out of school. B. Confidence in defeating Jobs. C. Interest in computer industry. D. Bravery to face uncertainties. 39. What did NOT Steve Jobs encourage students to do in his speech? A. Have the desire to learn more. B. Be content with what they know. C. Stay calm in the face of hardships. D. Be modest so as to learn more. 40. The passage is mainly about _________. A. the wisdom drawn from a speech B. the most impressive quote in life C. a memorable meeting with Jobs D. an experience of a speech D Everyone knows about straight-A students. We see them frequently in TV
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situation comedies and in movies like Revenge(报复)of the Nerds. They get high grades, all right, but only by becoming dull laborers, their noses always stuck in a book. They are not good at social communication and look clumsy while doing sports. How, then, do we account for Domenica Roman or Paul Melendres? Roman is on the tennis team at Fairmont Senior High School. She also sings in the choral group, serves on the student council and is a member of the mathematics society. For two years she has maintained A?s in every subject. Melendres, a freshman at the University of New Mexico, was student-body president at Valley High School in Albuquerque. He played soccer and basketball well, exhibited at the science fair, and meanwhile worked as a reporter on a local television station. Being a speech giver at the graduation ceremony, he achieved straight A?s in his regular classes, plus bonus points for A?s in two college-level courses. How do super-achievers like Roman and Melendres do it? Brains aren?t the only answer. “Top grades don?t always go to the brightest students, ” declares Herbert Walberg, a professor of education at the University of Illinois at Chicago, who has conducted major studies on super-achieving students.“Knowing how to make the most of your innate(天生的)abilities counts for more. Much more.” In fact, Walberg says, students with high IQ sometimes don?t do as well as classmates with lower IQ. For them, learning comes too easily and they never find out how to get down. K*s5$u Hard work isn?t the whole story, either.“It?s not how long you sit there with the books open, ” said one of the many-A students we interviewed.“It?s what you do while you?re sitting.”Indeed, some of these students actually put in fewer hours of homework time than their lower-scoring classmates. The kids at the top of the class get there by mastering a few basic techniques that others can readily learn. 41. The underlined word “nerds” can probably be________ . A. dull bookworms lacking sports and social skills B. successful top students popular with their peers C. students with certain learning difficulties D. born leaders crazy about social activities 42. What can we conclude from the first paragraph? A. Most TV programs and films are about straight-A students. B. People have unfavorable impression on straight-A students. C. Everyone knows about straight-A students from TV or films. D. Straight-A students are well admired by people in the society. 43. Some students become super-achievers mainly because_________ . A. they are born cleverer than others B. they work longer hours at study C. they make full use of their abilities
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D. they know the shortcut to success 44. What will be talked about after the last paragraph? A. The interviews with more students. B. The role IQ plays in learning well. C. The techniques to be better learners. D. The achievements top students make. 45. What can we infer from the passage? K*s5$u A. IQ is more important than hard work in study. B. The brightest students can never get low grades. C. Top students certainly achieve all-around developments. D. Students with average IQ can become super-achievers.
第二节 信息匹配（共 5 小题；每小题 2 分，满分 10 分） 阅读下列应用文及相关信息，并按照要求匹配信息。请在答题卡上将对应题 号的相应选项字母涂黑。 首先，请阅读下列六本书籍的图片及相应简介：
Everybody Loves Our Town：An Oral History of Grunge By Mark Yarm Crown Archetype 592 pp; $25.00
B. The Psychopath Test: A Journey Through the Madness Industry By Jon Ronson Riverhead； 288 pp; $25.95
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The Red Market: On the Trail of the World?s Organ Brokers，Bone Thieves， Blood Farmers, and Child Traffickers By Scott Carney Morrow; 272 pp; $25.99
D. Car Guys vs. Bean Counters：The Battle for the Soul of American Business By Bob Lutz Portfolio; 256 pp; $26.95 K*s5$u
E. Henry Kissinger On China By Henry Kissinger Penguin Press; 608 pp; $36
F. Biopunk：DIY Scientists Hack the Software of Life By Marcus Wohlsen Current; 256 pp; $25.95
以下是对这些书的描述。请将这些描述与书籍的图片及相应简介匹配起来。 46. According to Jon Ronson, the writer of the book, psychopaths are very charming, smart, easily bored and cruel. In the book, Ronson takes readers into the fascinating world of psychopaths by speaking to the experts and having amusing
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conversations with the psychopaths themselves. K*s5$u 47. This book is about a deeply funny story, as well as a deeply sad story—the great Nineties moment when a bunch of punk rock bands from Seattle accidentally blew up into the world?s biggest noise. The author gives the unique chronicle of how it all happened, and how it ended too soon. The book also makes readers appreciate how strange it was. 48. This is just one of the terrifying everyday tales of the body trade documented. It started out extremely well, with some fascinating stories about the trade in human body parts. It covers many different aspects of the “red market”, ranging from skeletons to blood, and even the giant business of collecting and selling human hair. 49. It?s been reported that the author has often attracted as much attention as his cars. The book is partly a biography covering a very short portion of the author?s own life—his second stint at General Motor（GM）—which recently ended after about a decade. However, it?s more than a biography. It is also a view on what went wrong with the US car industry and US industry in general. 50. This is a great book for anyone who has an interest in science, or wants to see advances in medicine at greater rates that we?ve seen them so far. If a reader has teenagers with interests in science, he should have them read this book. It will inspire them to broaden their horizons beyond the typical research lab.
Ⅲ、写作 （共两节，满分 40 分） 第一节 基础写作（共 1 小题；满分 15 分） 有一个美国代表团想了解你们的英语老师 Mr. Moon，请根据下列提要，写 一篇以＂My Teacher Mr. Moon”短文。 [写作内容] 1.出生于法国，华籍美国人，40 岁，活泼，具有幽默感。 2.与其他教师相比，他更注重教学方法，总想尽各种方法让他的课生动有趣。 3.鼓励学生思考，培养学生自学能力。 4.帮助学生学会了分析和解决问题。K*s5$u 5.博学，深受学生爱戴。K*s5$u [ 写作要求] 只能用 5 个句子表达全部内容 [评分标准] 句子结构准确，信息内容完整，篇章连贯。 _________________________________________________________
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_________________________________________________________ _________________________________________________________ _________________________________________________________ _________________________________________________________ _________________________________________________________ _________________________________________________________
第二节 读写任务（共 1 小题；满分 25 分） 阅读下面短文，然后按要求写一篇 150 词左右的英语短文。 As Teachers? Day draws near, many Chinese parents have been thinking hard over gifts that are appropriate for the teachers of their children. Some have turned to the Internet for gift suggestions, including a mother named Yang whose child attends kindergarten. “What should I send and what kinds of gifts are appropriate? We are in a difficult situation---we cannot afford very expensive gifts, but teachers will not be impressed if the gifts are too cheap,” Yang wrote on a website. Some parents, however, do not realize that some teaches are also under great pressure because of the gifts. “No more gifts, or I will run out of money!” complained a young teacher on Weibo.”Many parents send me some shopping tickets for Teachers? Day so I put them in a new dictionary and let their children bring them back to their parents,? the teacher wrote. A teacher named Zhu, said he feels “worried” every time parents send him money or shopping tickets. “It is not whether to accept the gifts, but how to return them that worries me. I tried to persuade parents to take them back. But I will use the money or shopping tickets from the stubborn parents to buy books for the class,” said Zhu. [写作内容] 1． 以约 30 个词概括以上短文的内容； 2． 以约 120 个词就“教师节家长是否该给老师送礼”这一主题发表你的看法， 内容包括： 1. 说说你对该问题的看法，并简单说明原因； 2. 谈谈你印象最深的一次教师节； 3. 谈谈你所认为学生给老师的最好的教师节礼物。 [写作要求] 1． 作文中可使用亲身经历或虚构的故事，也可以参照阅读材料的内容，但不得 直接引用原文中的句子；标题自拟。 2． 作文中不能出现真实姓名和学校名称。 [评分标准]
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珠海市 2012 年 9 月高三摸底考试
Ⅰ 语言知识及应用（共两节，满分 45 分) 第一节 完形填空(共 15 小题；每小题 2 分，满分 30 分) 1—5 CBDAC 6—10 BABCD 11—15 BCABD
第二节 语法填空 16. others 21.noisily II. 阅读 17. a 22.but
（共 10 小题；每小题 1.5 分，满分 15 分）
18. died 19.with 20.laughter 25. bringing
23. have lost
第一节 阅读理解 K*s5$u 26—30 CCBBA 31—35 DABCB 36—40 BDDBA 41—45 ABCCD
第二节 信息匹配（共 5 小题；每小题 2 分，满分 10 分） 46—50 BACDF
Ⅲ 写作 （共两节，满分 40 分） Possible version 基础写作（共 1 小题；满分 15 分）
My Teacher Mr. Moon Born in France and aged 40, Mr. Moon, an American Chinese, is a lovely teacher with a sense of humor. Compared with other teachers, Mr. Moon pays more attention to his ways of teaching, trying various ways to make his classes lively and interesting. In class he always encourages us to think hard and develop our ability to study on our own. With his help, we?ve learned how to analyze and solve problems. He is such a learned person that we all admire him very much. 第二节 读写任务（共 1 小题；满分 25 分） When Teachers? Day approaches (is at the corner), lots of parents bother about what gifts to send to impress their children?s teachers. However, some teachers are thinking hard about how to send the gifts back. As far as I?m concerned, parents shouldn?t spend much money buying gifts for teachers on Teachers? Day. It bothers both parents and teachers. Besides, it makes students feel uneasy at school.
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The Teachers? Day that impresses me most was the one in 2010. All our class agreed that nothing could be more precious and meaningful to the teachers than things that were made with own hands. Every one of our class made a small gift. Some drew cartoons, some wrote poems, and some recorded songs sung by themselves. When receiving the gifts, the teachers were so amazed and moved and promised to always keep them. As students, it is not the presents we send, but our sincere wishes that matter. As long as our wishes are sincere, the teachers can feel them.
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