1. 本试卷分第Ⅰ卷（选择题）和第Ⅱ卷（非选择题）两部分。答卷前，考生务必将自己的 姓名、考生号、考场号和座位号填写在答题卡上。因测试不考听力，第 I 卷从第二部分的“阅读 理解”开始，试题序号从“21”开始。 2
. 回答第 I 卷时，选出每小题答案后，用铅笔把答题卡上对应题目的答案标号涂黑。如
需改动，用橡皮擦干净后，再选涂其他答案标号。写在本试卷上无效。 3. 回答第 II 卷时，将答案写在答题卡上。写在本试卷上无效。
第二部分 阅读理解（共两节，满分 40 分） 第一节 （共 15 小题；每小题 2 分，满分 30 分） 阅读下列短文，从每题所给的四个选项（A、B、C 和 D）中，选出最佳选项，并在答 题卡上将该项涂黑。 A Four Easy Ways to Be the Most Interesting Person in the Room Looking for tips on how to make yourself more interesting to others? Here’s what some experts think. 1. Talk less and stay positive. This simple advice comes from cartoonist Scott Adams: “Talking less makes you more interesting than talking more. And saying something positive as often as possible makes those people listening feel happier. If you set a positive tone, it rubs off.” 2. Act like your heroes. Write down the names of ten interesting people, and list three characteristics that make them interesting, suggests author Scott Ginsberg. Then work out a way to combine those characteristics into your own public personality. 3. Get the “tell me about yourself” question right. You know the details, but turning your life into an interesting story is a challenge. Professor Chip Heath suggests applying one of these three plots to your life story: the challenge plot (you overcame difficulties to become successful); the creativity plot (you decided not to follow a traditional path); or the connection plot (you did something similar to the person speaking).
4. Ask and listen. Blogger Martin Sheppard recommends that you start with the other person’s job, family, or travel plans, and go from there. If you know about the subject, conversation will flow. If you don’t, continue asking questions to understand more — and pay attention to the answers. 21. According to cartoonist Scott Adams, speaking positively will _________. A. help listeners feel more confident B. encourage others to feel positive also C. convince people that you are being honest D. make people pay more attention to your words 22. Discussing your own stamp collection with a person who has just told you about his stamp collection is an example of following a _________. A. challenge plot C. connection plot should ________. A. attempt to change the topic B. try looking interested anyway C. look for someone else to talk to D. ask the speaker questions about the topic B. creativity plot D. details plot
23. Martin Sheppard thinks that if a person is talking about a topic you are not familiar with, you
B Good manners are always good maners. That’s what Miranda Ingram, who is English, thought, until she married Alexander, who is Russian. When I first met Alexander and he said to me in Russian, “Nalei mnye chai – pour me some tea”, I got angry and answered, “Pour it yourself.” Translated into English, without a “Could you…?” and a “please”, it sounded really rude to me. But in Russian it was fine – you don’t have to add any polite words. However, when I took Alexander home to meet my parents in the UK, I had to give him an intensive course in pleases and thank yous (which he thought were completely unnecessary), and to teach him to say sorry if someone else stepped on his toes, and to smile, smile, smile. Another thing that Alexander just couldn’t understand was why people said things like “Would you mind passing me the salt, please?” He said. “It’s only the salt, for goodness sake! What do you say in English if you want a real favour?” He also watched in amazement when, at a dinner party in England, we swallowed some really disgusting food and I said, “Mmmm…delicious.” In Russia, people are much more direct. The first time Alexander’s mother came to our house for dinner in Moscow, she told me that my soup needed more flavouring. Afterwards, when we argued about it, my husband said, “Do you prefer your dinner guests to lie?”
Alexander complained that in England he felt “like the village idiot” because in Russia if you smile all the time people think you are mad. In fact, this is exactly what my husband’s friends thought of me the first time I went to Russia because I smiled at everyone, and translated every “please” and “thank you” from English to Russian! At home we now have an agreement. If we’re speaking Russian, he can say “Pour me some tea”, and just make a noise like a grunt when I give it to him. But when we’re speaking English, he has to add a “please”, a “thank you”, and a smile. 24. Why was Miranda worried when she took Alexander to visit her parents in England? A. She was afraid that Alexander would think her parents were too proud. B. She feared that her parents would think Alexander was impolite. C. She thought that they would not be able to communicate. D. She believed that Alexander would dislike them. 25. What did Alexander’s friends think of Miranda when they first met her? A. She did not understand Russian customers. B. She had mental problems. C. She was very affected. D. She was too polite. 26. Which of the following words best describes the agreement reached by the couple in the final paragraph? A. An effect. A. Culture Shock B. Learning Manners C. Unhappy Marriage D. Good Manners Are Easy C At Aizo Chuo Hospital in Japan, employees greet newcomers, guide patients to and from the surgery area, and print out maps of the hospital for confused visitors. They don’t take lunch breaks or even get paid. Why? They’re robots! Robots have long worked in factories, helping to build cars and electronic appliances. But today’s robots don’t just do the jobs of people — they actually look and act a lot like people. Kansei, a robot from Japan, has a plastic face covering 19 movable parts. The robot can make 36 facial expressions in response to different words. Kansei shakes in fear at the word “war” and smiles when it hears the word “dinner”. Researchers in Europe are going even further with iCub, a “baby” robot. They are teaching it to speak and hold conversations.
B. A contract.
C. A compromise.
D. An explanation.
27. What is the most sutiable title for the passage?
The ability to interact is crucial for robots that will one day work closely with humans, says robotics professor Chris Atkeson. “This will require robots to understand what you say and how you are feeling and respond with appropriate emotions,” he told WR News. Japanese scientist Minoru Asada agrees. He is building a robot called CB2 that acts like a real baby. “Right now, it only goes, ‘Ah, ah.’ But as we develop its learning function, it will start saying more complex sentences and moving on its own,” Asada says. “Next-generation robots need to be able to learn and develop by themselves.” Intelligent robot will become more important in the future, as populations age and the number of human workers declines in many countries. “We’re going to have many more old people and not enough young people to care for them,” says robot researcher Matthew Mason. “Technology can help the old people live at home longer, instead of going to nursing homes.” 28. What are some jobs robots already perform according to the passage? A. Greeting customers, producing factory goods, performing surgery. B. Building cars, driving passengers, providing directions. C. Giving advice, answering customer questions, planning events. D. Producing factory goods, building cars, greeting customers. 29. What is the function of the second paragraph? A. To describe the functions of modern robots. B. To predict the future uses of robots. C. To explain how a robot works. D. To define what a robot is. 30. How would the Kansei robot probably respond to the word “fire”? A. Use language to warn nearby humans. B. Produce a worried look on its face. C. Activate an automatic fire alarm. D. Back up its memory files. 31. Asada believes the next step for robots will be to develop ________. A. the ability to understand human commands B. the capacity to interact with humans C. the ability to learn independently D. the willingness to work together D I was expecting my sister and her husband for dinner, but she arrived alone. “I didn’t bring him. We just had a big fight about alphabetizing our bookshelves,” she said. For most couples, this would not be an excuse for a quarrel. But my sister is a bibliophile（藏 书家）and married a man of similar passions. They had just completed building a new house, a feature of which was a large bookshelf that occupied two floors. All had gone well as they placed their novels, histories, memoirs. But disagreement had arisen over the biographies. She wanted to
order them by subjects, but her husband didn’t like this idea, and wanted to follow proper library practice. Heated words had been exchanged. I too have a book-loving husband, but luckily he has no shelving philosophy. In fact, he prefers to ignore the shelves, piling books around him. When he can no longer move freely in his study or get out on his side of the bed, he’s happy enough for me to gather the books up and arrange them as I like. If he wants a particular title, he just asks me where to find it. His disinterest is fortunate, because my own system is more unrealistic than Dewey decimal (十进制), and more unusual than ISBN. I arrange my shelves as I would seat guests at a dinner party. The authors Anne Tyler and Anthony Trollope both seem interested in the study of manners. So I imagine them, shelved side by side, comparing notes on the principles of their respective times. Claire Messud and Alice Munro? I’m sure they’d get on. But Norman Mailer and Anne Michaels? I think not. Best move the poetic and sensitive Michaels next to Andre Makine --- a much better match. Mailer can slide back along the shelf to sit beside D.H. Lawrence. No matter how mad it seems, it’s impossible for me to place one book alongside another without thinking about how the authors would feel about their neighbours. 32. The underlined sentence in Paragraph 3 means that the sister and her husband _________. A. exchanged their ideas C. exchanged their books A. After his wife starts to complain. B. After he has finished reading them. C. When he has bought some new ones. D. When he has no room to move around. 34. Which persons does the author think would get along well together? A. Claire Messud and D.H. Lawrence. C. Norman Mailer and Anne Michaels. A. Creative. B. Systematic. B. Anne Michaels and Andre Makine. D. Alice Munro and Norman Mailer. C. Efficient. D. Scientific. B. both felt very warm D. had a bitter quarrel
33. When does the author ’s husband have his books returned to the shelf?
35. Which word best describes the ordering principle used by the author of this passage?
第二节 （共 5 小题，每小题 2 分，满分 10 分） 根据短文内容， 从短文后的选项中选出能填入空白处的最佳选项。 选项中有两项为多余选项。
We all know that men and women have their differences. But do they really think differently? ___36___ In my opinion, men and women still behave in the same way that they were designed to centuries ago. We have different interests, different ways of speaking, of showing how we feel, and of coping with stressful situations. ___37___ This can have a negative effect on our relationships. We often become angry or frustrated with the opposite sex because we expect them to behave and communicate like we do. So why does a man behave as he does? Evidence suggests that men were programmed with the
instinct to hunt silently for animals. They had to be able to focus their attention on one thing. ___38___ And also why he’s so good at reading maps and giving directions. Women, on the other hand, are usually very good at doing several jobs at once. ___39___ In the past, women often worked in groups, which required a lot of communication, so they’re generally more talkative and sensitive to other people’s feelings. Men and women seem to think differently too. Women usually score higher in writing tests. Men are seven times more likely to score in the top 5% in scientific exams. They’re often talented at problem-solving and making quick decisions. ___40___ A. Woman, by contrast, are good at organizing, comforting and giving advice. B. It is true, nevertheless, that men and women often respond differently to the same situation. C. Some people might argue that they don’t, but I disagree. D. They also need far more time to complete tasks that require strength or stamina. E. In today’s society, where the sexes are considered to be equal, we sometimes forget how different we are. F. This can also be explained by history, I believe. G. This might explain why it’s so difficult to have a conversation with a man when he’s watching TV.
第三部分 英语知识运用 （共两节，满分 45 分） 第一节 完形填空（共 20 小题；每小题 1.5 分，满分 30 分） 阅读下面短文，从短文后各题所给的四个选项（A、B、C 和 D）中，选出可以填入空白处 的最佳选项，并在答题卡上将该项涂黑。
There was once a family of three sons. The boys were not they competed and finer boat. There was seldom never learn to cooperate. He decided to try to teach them a 46 44 42
to one another. In fact, 43 if one
, each one trying to outdo the others in some sort of sport.
boy was building a raft, another had to build a canoe. Then the third had to build an even larger in their home. Their father despaired. He 45 they would 47
. He gathered up many thin sticks and 48 49
them together using strong rope. At dinner, he announced a he roared. “I challenge you to break it in half. Whoever The oldest son took the sticks in his hands. He was sticks would not be 54 . 51 . Finally he 52
: “See this bundle of sticks,” will win a life of rich reward.” 53 . He
50 , and he used all of his strength, but the
, and his younger brother took up the
balanced the sticks across two chairs and jumped on them with all his weight, but also met with Finally, the father took the sticks from them and untied the rope that held them then divided the sticks into three 56 55 . He 57
parts. “Now break your sticks into two,” he said. Each 58 and you can accomplish much,” the old 59 , each of them was weak, but
boy, one at a time, did as his father asked. The task was easy. Each set of sticks broke with any effort. “When you divide your work, it is together, they had great 60 .
man said. And with that, the young men understood that
41. A. next 42. A. violently 43. A. On occasion 44. A. peace 45. A. hoped 46. A. feeling 47. A. drew 48. A. plan 49. A. defeats 50. A. powerful 51. A. saved 52. A. gave off 53. A. challenge 54. A. injury 55. A. away 56. A. pretty 57. A. surprisingly 58. A. demanding 59. A. alone 60. A. luck
B. known B. constantly B. As expected B. money B. feared B. skill B. stuck B. contest B. doubts B. attractive B. broken B. gave out B. request B. surprise B. together B. large B. almost B. easy B. away B. effort
C. kind C. playfully C. By chance C. stress C. dreamed C. trick C. tied C. prize C. breaks C. reluctant C. removed C. gave up C. rope C. success C. up C. equal C. perhaps C. interesting C. united C. strength
D. rude D. mistakenly D. For instance D. conflict D. learned D. lesson D. held D. order D. succeeds D. fearful D. replaced D. gave to D. sport D. failure D. over D. soft D. hardly D. casual D. afraid D. fun
第 II 卷
第三部分 英语知识运用（共两节 满分 45 分）
第二节 （共 10 小题；每小题 1.5 分，满分 15 分） 阅读下面材料，在空白处填入适当的内容（1 个单词）或括号内单词的正确形式。
People have kept pets since ancient times. We can see from discoveries in the pyramids of Egypt were as 61 62 from scenes on decorated wall-coverings of European castles that our ancestors (interest) in pets as we are. 63
One reason for keeping pets is their usefulness. When our dog barks, it warns us of food, they found hunting dogs Friendship is 65 lonely. Keeping a pet 66 64 (extreme) useful. 67
(thief). A cat keeps down the mice and rats in our homes. When men depended on hunting for reason for keeping pets. If people are living by themselves, they feel (make) this loneliness more bearable. 68 (have) a friend,
even if it is only an animal, offers us a feeling of warmth and gives us an interest in something else beyond ourselves. Some people even prefer pets people. Pets are not as demanding 69 we wish to remain silent. 70 (satisfy) of as people. For example, pets do not demand that we should talk
Some people talk to pets as if they are human beings, but they have the knowing that the pets cannot answer back and engage them in argument.
写作（共两节；满分 35 分）
短文改错（共 10 小题；每小题 1 分，满分 10 分）
假定英语课上老师要求同桌之间交换修改作文，请你修改你同桌写的以下作文。文中共有 10 处语言错误，每句中最多有两处。每处错误仅涉及一个单词的增加、删除或修改。 增加：在缺词处加一个漏字符号( ? )，并在其下面写出该加的词。 删除：把多余的词用斜线(＼)划掉。 修改：在错的词下划一横线，并在该词下面写出修改后的词。 注意：1. 每处错误及其修改均仅限一词； 2. 只允许修改 10 处，多者（从第 11 处起）不计分。
Dear editor, I'm a student of Xinhua Middle School and want to complain about the condition of your campus. Our school used to being beautiful, with green trees and colourful flower throughout the year. But since a chemical factory opened nearby the last year, most of the flowers have died and the trees lost their leaves. We believe the huge amount of waste water and harm gases the factory produce every day is the cause. However, noise from the factory continuous disturbs our teaching and study activities. I hope your newspaper will draw public attention in this problem and help us find a solution. Yours sincerely Li Hua
第二节 书面表达（满分 25 分） 你校网站新开了一个“英语写作”栏目（column），供学生发表（post）英语作文，互相交 流，提高写作能力。请你为该栏目写一个英文介绍，内容包括： ? 开设目的： ? 栏目优势：教师在线指导，等 ? 作文要求：内容贴近学生生活 ? 奖励方案： ? 欢迎投稿
注意： 1.词数 100 左右； 2.可以适当增加细节，以使行文连贯。
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