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新课标人教Book 6 Unit5 学案


新课标人教版 Unit 5 The power of nature 知识点讲解 1. erupt vi 1)(火山)爆发,喷发 Mount Vesuvius hasn’t erupted for a good many years. 维苏威火山 ________________。 2)(搏斗,暴力事件,噪音等)突然发生,爆发 Violence in street can erup

t for no apparent reason. ________________会在没有明显原因的情况下_____________. 2、alongside adv.在旁边 = nearby prep.在 ... 旁边 = along \ beside 翻译: 小汽车在路边停下来。 ___________________________________________ The police car pulled up alongside 警车_______________________. 拓展: alongside of 在??旁边,与??并排, ,与??相比 alongside with 与??一起, 除??.以外 3、equipment (UC)装备、设备 This is a usual piece of (equipment / equipments) for the kitchen Equip .... with .... 使有准备使能够做某事 Equip ourselves with knowledge ___________________________________ Equip the army with modern weapons __________________________________ be equipped with 装备有...... The traveler __________________ masses of electronic devices (装备) 旅行者携带了大量的电子设备。 4、appoint vt. 任命,委派;约定,指定,安排 appointment n.__________;_________________ (回归课本 P34)I was appointed as a volcanologist working for the Hawaiian Volcano Observatory(HVO)twenty years ago. [例句探源] ①They have _________ a new headmaster at my son’s school. (任命) ②They appointed him __________ captain of the English team. (填一介词) appoint sb. to+职位 任命某人担任某职位 appoint sb. to a post 派某人任某职 appoint sb. as...任命某人为… appoint sb. to do sth.委派某人做某事 appoint a time/place for 为??约定时间/地点
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make an appointment 约会;约定 keep \/break an appointment 守(失)约 appoint a time / place / for sth. / to do sth. 安排或指定某个时间、地点用于某事或 做某事。 The time ________________ for the meeting is 10:30. 填空: 1. Rose was ______to act as secretary. Now she is making a(n) ______with the manager of Marketing Department. 2/ I’ve made an evening _______________ with a client and may not come back for supper. 5、evaluate vt.评价;评估 1. Let's ___________ the evidence 让我们评定一下此证据的价值。 2. We need to ___________________________________________ the new system. 我们需要对这套新体系做出一个正确的评价。 高度评价:highly appraise ,speak highly of , set a high value on . think highly of 来表示。 The boss think (high / highly) of Tom . evaluation n. 评估,评价 They made an intensive evaluation of the health care program. ___________________________________________________. 6、burn to the ground 指楼等被烧毁。 He has no place to live in because his house _____________________________________. 他无处栖身因为他的房子被烧掉了。 拓展: burn away 烧掉 burn off 烧掉 burn out 烧坏 burn down (建筑物) 烧毁: burn up 烧 毁,燃得更亮/旺 He was badly injured in the accident, and his hair was burnt ___________ The engine had burnt _________. The cinema burnt __________ last year. 电影院去年被烧毁了。 The wood had burnt __________ to nothing. 木头已烧成灰烬。 The rocket burnt _________ when it reentered the earth’s atmosphere. He put more wood in the fire to make it burn ___________ 7、wave v. 1)指固定的物体王府或者上下摆动或摇动 2) (指人)挥手、招手、摆手 3) (使某物)呈弧形
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a flag waving in the breeze , _______________________ a field of waving corn; _______________________ He waved ( to us ) when he saw us._________________________ She has her hair waved .___________________________________ n. 波浪, The storm whipped up (掀起了) huge waves. _______________________________________ 8 、 absolutely adv. 绝 对 的 完 全 的 adj.__________ ( 回 归 课 本 ) it was an absolutely fantastic sight. ① ——Do you think so? ——Absolutely not. _________________________ ② It is difficult to cross the desert by car, ______________________________ (但不是绝对的不可能) ③ I have ___________________ in the skill of doctors. (我对医生的医术完全相信) 拓展: absolute adj. 完全的,真实的 absolute zero __________________ absolute majority __________________ absolute trust __________________ absolute proof __________________

absolutely right __________________ 9、suit n. (一套)衣服 [C] I picked out a black suit. vt. 1) 适合,中...的意 The arrangement __________ us both. 这个安排对我们两人都合适。 2) (不用被动式)与...相配,与...相称 This dress ____________ you beautifully. 这件衣服你穿非常合适。 [易混辨析] suit, fit, match ①I tried the dress on but it didn’t _______.It was too small. ②In my opinion,red __________ you very well. ③Her clothes don’t ________ her age. (总结归纳) (1)fit_________________________
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(2)suit_________________________ (3)match_________________________。 2.Her shoes________her dress;they look very well together. A.suit B.fit C.Compare D.match 3.—How about eight o’clock outside the cinema? —That________me fine. A.fits B.meets C.satisfies D.Suits 10、make one’s way 向某地走去, 有出息 She hesitated for a while, but _________________ forward. She hastily left the room,___________ her way to her bed. If you want to make your way in the world, you must learn to work hard while you are still young. __________________________________ make way (for)让路,让位 All the traffic has to make way for a fire engine _____________________________. I shall make way for a elder men. ________________________________________ feel one’ way ____________________ push one’s way ____________________ find one’s way ____________________ go one’s way ____________________ fight one’s way ____________________ wind one’s /its way ____________________ lose one’s way ____________________ 11、potential n. [U]. 可能性;潜力,潜能 (+for) She has acting potential, but she needs training. _____________________________________________ He is a young player ____________________________. (他是一个极有潜力的年轻运动员)
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adj. 潜在的,可能的 This is a machine with several ___________ uses. Education develops __________________________. 教育开发潜能。 短语: with potential ___________________ have / show potential to do sth. ___________________ achieve / fulfil / realize one's potential 发挥某人的潜力 potential benefit ________________ potential danger / risk / threat ____________ 12、actual adj. 真实的; 实际的 What were his actual words?_________________________ The ____________ (实际开销) was much higher than we had expected. James looks younger than his wife but ________ (==really 事实上)he is several years older. actuality n. _________,_____________ actually adv. 的确,真实地,事实上= as a matter of fact =in fact = in reality 13、unconscious adj. 反义词:______________ 1)不省人事的,失去知觉的 He injured his head and was unconscious for one hour. __________________________________________ 2.)不知道的,未发觉的(+of) They were so quiet that he was completely unconscious ______ their presence. 3)无意识的,不知不觉的 an unconscious error 无意识犯的错误 14、shoot vt. (shoot-shot -shot) 1) 发射,放射 He _________________ from the bow. 他拉弓把箭射了出去。 2)拍摄 The new movie was shot in Africa. __________________________ 3)射(门);投(篮);击(球);掷(骰子) He shot two goals in the game. _________________________ 4)瞄准(与 _____ 搭配)等同于 fire at n. 幼芽,幼枝 bamboo shoots 竹笋 15、tremble vi. _________ 1)tremble with _________________ Her voice trembled with anger. _________________________ They trembled with cold. _________________________ 2)焦虑,担忧 +at/for
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She trembled for her daughter's safety. 3)摇晃,摇动 The whole house ________________ the train went by. 火车开过时,整幢房子都晃动。 n. 震颤,发抖;震动 16、anxious adj. 1) 焦虑的,挂念的 +about /at / for I'm anxious ______________ her safety. 2)令人焦虑的 The days of the earthquake was an anxious time for all of us. _____________________________________________________ 3)渴望的 for / +to-v / +that We're anxious __________ your safe return. 我们盼望你平安归来。 I'm really anxious __________________. 我急于见他。 anxiety n. 1)焦虑,挂念 [U] [C] + about / for The mother was filled ________________ about her daughter's health. __________对_____________忧心忡忡。 2) 焦虑的原因;令人焦虑之事 [C] +to That is _____________________ to me. 那是一件使我深感焦虑的事情。 3)渴望 [C] +for / +to-v Their anxiety to go was obvious. 他们想去的_________________是显而易见的。 17、panic v. / n. ________,_____________ He had to force himself not to panic. _________________________________________ He got ___________ a panic when he found the door was locked. be in / get into a panic about sth. ____________________ panic at /over sth. 对??惊慌失措 The crowd paniced ___________ the sound of the gun. in a panic 在惊慌中 18、vary v. 1) 、根据语境匹配词义: ①、 doctor said I should vary my diets more. My A. 从??到??之间变化 ②、Her mood seems to vary according to the weather. B. 改变,使发生变化 ③、Test scores vary from school to school. C. 大不相同 ④、The results of the experiment varied widely. D. 因??而异
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2) 、短语: ①、vary from…to… 从…到…之间变化 ②、vary widely / enormously / greatly / considerably 大不相同 ③、vary slightly 差别不大 ④、vary according to / depending on 因…而异 ⑤、vary with 随??而变化 eg. Leaves varies with the seasons. 3) 、链接:variety n. 变化,多样化,种类,品种 a variety of ___________________ These T-shirts are available in a wide variety of colors. various adj. 各种各样的 = all ________ / _________ of 19、appreciate v. _____ _______ or _______ 后接从句或 _______ 形式。 They deeply appreciated his kindness. _______________________________ appreciate + it +if/ when 从句 I would appreciate it if you would like to teach me how to use the computer. ________________________________________________________ I really appreciate it if you mail the letter for me. __________________________________________________________ 重点句子解析: 1、 is said this boy, who had a great gift for languages and persuasion, is the father of It the Manchu people.据说这个男孩就是满族人的祖先, 他具有语言天赋和很强的说 服力。 have a gift for 对??有天赋,此处“gift”意为“天才,天赋” Have a gift for poetry/art/language He is a man of many gifts. 他是一个多才多艺的人。 2、Having collected and evaluated the information, I help other scientists to predict where lava from the volcano will flow next and how fast. (P34) Having failed to reach them on the phone,we sent an email, instead. . 1) 、①、Having done 是现在分词的完成式,在此句中作时间状语。现在分词作 状语时,如果分词动作发生在主句谓语动词之前,就要用现在分词的完成式。如 果分词动作与句子的主语之间是被动关系,则用 having been done,主动关系用 having done。 Having suffered from heart trouble for years, his dad has to take some medicine with him whenever he goes.
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②、分词的完成式 having done 不作宾补,不作定语,分词与不定式的区别主要 体现在动作发生的时间上。 2) 、完成句子 ①、_____________ his gloves, the doctor began to do the operation. 戴上手套后,那位医生开始做手术了。 ②、___________________, she stopped to have a break. 写完作业后,她停下来休息。 ③、_____________ the news, the woman stood there, frightened. 听到这个消息,那位女士站在那儿,吓坏了。 3、I was about to go back to sleep when suddenly my bedroom became as bright as day.(P34) 我刚要再睡,突然我的卧室亮如白昼。 1)、正要做?忽然?He was about to go to bed when the telephone rang. He was just about to stand up when he felt something moving near his feet. 2)、正在做?忽然? The students were discussing heatedly when their teacher came in. We were watching TV when suddenly the light went out. 3)、hardly?when? 还没 (刚刚)?就? I had traveled only two hours one day when the winds increased so much. A few students of our school had hardly arrived back when they were isolated. when 的含义为 and then, and just then 或 at that time, 意为“那时,恰在那时,就 在那时”等。 when 前可用逗号,也可省略,常与 suddenly 等连用,以加强语 气。表示“正在做某事时突然?” when 作并列连词主要有如下三种句型表达: , 完成句子: ①、I __________ go swimming __________our guide saw me and shouted at me. ②、I __________ to Lucy __________ Lily cut in. ③、The boys __________ basketball long when the bell __________.

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随堂练习: Ⅰ. 单词拼写 1. The story (使兴奋)the little boy very much. 2. On hot days we often go (洗澡) in the river. 3. I can’t (评价) his ability without seeing his work. 4. I got into a (惊慌) when I found the door was locked. 5. They studied the German market to find the (可能性 ) there for investment. 6. It was a cold, wet day and the children were b . 7. It’s many years since Mount Vesuvius e . 8. He drew f animals with two heads and large wings. 9. I’m a to get home to open my presents. 10. They had to c tomorrow’s football match because of the bad weather. Ⅱ. 用括号内所给单词的适当形式填空 1. (compare) with other methods, this one is relatively more effective. 2. I could easily imagine her (regard) him as a man of fine quality. 3. His habit is (listen) to some news in the morning. 4. (not receive) her letter for a long time, I phoned her to see what was wrong. 5. (accept) as a member of the company, he took over the job of the former secretary. Ⅲ. 翻译句子 1. 你的训练将使得你能够胜任将来的工作。 2. 我正要睡觉,这时电话铃响了。 3. 他夹着一本厚书,离开了图书馆。 4. 价格随户型而有所变化。 5. 她极为崇拜你。

提升练习
Ⅳ. 单项填空 从 A、B、C 和 D 四个选项中,选出可以填入空白处的最佳选项。 1. Although different in many ways, the British and the Americans
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many of

the same customs. A. make B. take C. share D. give 2. Charles Babbage is generally considered the first computer. A. to invent B. inventing C. to have invented D. having invented 3. the problem may be, we must solve it ourselves. A. Whatever difficult B. How difficult C. However difficult D. No matter what difficult 4. Dark glasses are sometimes worn to the eyes from strong sunlight. A. prevent B. care C. defend D. protect 5. Always acting in a strange manner, Einstein must have to people around to be mad. A. appeared B. showed C. thought D. imagined 6. Though the girl to learn Japanese, she co uldn’t catch up with her classmates. A. made effort B. made all her efforts C. took every effort D. gave her efforts 7. Mr Green thinks that, the situation would have got worse. A. if not dealing with carefully B. if having nor dealt with C. if not having been dealt with carefully D. if having not been dealt with carefully 8. Mr Smith was flight to New York he remembered he had taken all the family’s keys to the doors with him. A. at; while B . on; when C. at a; when D. on a; when 9. Jumping out of airplane at ten thousand feet is quite exciting experience. A. /; the B. /; an C. an; an D. the; the 10. I thought Mr Smith has been to get back to work. A. so well B. so good C. well enough D. good enough

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