The First Period Reading
Teaching goals 教学目标 1. Target language 目标语言 a. 重点词汇和短语 dangerous, exciting, intellectual, manual, satisfying, stressful, volunteer, sheer, well / badly paid, in
particular, in practice, death toll, pass by, take ... for granted, have an effect on b. 重点句式 This pe rson has offered to do a job — and may not be paid for doing it. Many roads are in bad condition and accidents are frequent. But often they just pass by, taking the human traffic signal for granted. 2. Ability goals 能力目标 Help the students learn about Timoteo Apaza and his job. 3. Learning ability goals 学能目标 Enable the students to learn how to describe the importance of a job. Teaching important & difficult points 教学重难点 Understand the importance of Timoteo Apaza’s job as a human traffic signal. Teaching m ethods 教学方法 Asking-answering activity, pair or group work and discussion. Teaching aids 教具准备 A recorder, a computer and a projector. Teaching procedures & ways 教学过程与方式 Step I Lead-in Show the pictures of different people doing different jobs on the screen, and ask the students to talk about jobs.
T: There are all kinds of jobs in the world. Look at the picture, what are their jobs?
Ss: One is a solider and the other is a sportsman.
T: What do you think of their jobs? Are they important?
S1: I think their jobs are very important. Without soldiers, our country will be defenseless and we are not safe. So their job is one of the most important jobs in the world. S2: In my opinion, sportsmen are also doing an important job. They train hard and win gold medals for our country. They show the power of our country.
T: I agree with you. Every job is important, whatever big or small. For example, teaching is my job. I love this job and I think it is a job worth doing. Do you want to be a teacher when you grow up?
S3: I don’t want to be a teacher. Teaching is tiring and the salary is not high. I want to be a businessman and fly to many places and enjoy life. S4: If no one of us wants to be a teacher, who will teach our children in the future? So I want to be a teacher. I think teaching is interesting and it is worth doing. Many years later, I will have a lot of students and they will make contributions to our country. I will be proud of them.
T: Very good! I agree with you. We eat to live, not live to eat. People should live a meaningful and productive life. There is something valuable in the world that money can’t buy. You all have your own ideal jobs and I hope you can realize your dreams in the future. Step II Introduction T: Today we are going to learn Module 2, “A Job Worth Doing”. What is a job worth doing? After learning this module, we’ll have a better understanding of jobs. First, look at the pictures on page 11. What are their jobs and how important are their jobs? Describe the jobs using the words in the box. You can choose one or two pictures.
S5: In picture one, the woman is a doctor. I think her job is well paid and needs patience. It is very important because if there were no doctors, we would suffer from diseases or even die. So I think it is a job worth doing. S6: In picture five, the man is a pilot. To be a pilot, you need bravery because it is a dangerous job. But we need them to defend our country.
T: You did a good job. There are thousands of jobs in the world. Why does a person need a job? You will have two minutes to discuss this question with your partners. Two minutes later, ask two students to answer t he questions.
S7: I think a person needs a job because he or she nee ds to make a living. He or she needs to live, to eat and to do many other things. We all need money. S8: You are partly right. But money is not everything. People eat to live, not live to eat. Other than eating, we have more important things to do. In my opinion, a person needs a job because it is interesting, meaningful or challenging. He or she loves it not only because of money, but to live a meaningful and productive life.
Step III Reading T: You are both reasonable. But there is such a person. He chooses a job — a job without any pay. Look at the picture on page 12. Where is the man standing?
Ss: He is standing at a bend of the road on a high mountain.
T: What is he holding in his hand?
Ss: Something like a board.
T: Can the bus driver see the lorry?
Ss: No, the drivers can’t see each other.
T: So what is the man doing there?
S: I think he is directing the traffic there.
T: What kind of job is it? Why does he choose it? What kind of person is he? Do you want to know something about him?
T: Ok. Today we will read a passage about him. Please read the text quickly. After reading it, you will have a further understanding about his job.
Task 1 Fast reading T: I give you five minutes to read the passage. Then do Exercises 3 and 4 on page 13. Five minutes later. Because Exercise 3 is easy, so just check the answer with the whole class. Task 2 Careful reading This task is designe d to help the students to understand the text better. The students should read the text carefully and find out the answers to the questions on the screen. T: Read the text again and find the answers to the following questions. Then work in pairs to report your answers in class. Show the following questions on the screen. 1. How are the life and the condition of communication in La Paz like? 2. Why are there so many accidents there? 3. Why has the death toll fallen? 4. What do the drivers do when they pass by him? 5. What effect did his last experience have on him? A few minutes later. Sample answers: Pair 1
S1: How are the life and the condition of communication in La Paz like? S2: Life is hard at such a high altitude and the mountains make communication difficult. Many roads are in bad condition and accidents are frequent.
S3: Why are there so many accidents there? S4: Because on one side are the high mountains and on the other side is a sheer drop, and there are many bends on the roads. What’s worse, few drivers respect the traffic rules.
S5: Why has the death toll fallen? S6: Because of a man named Timoteo Apaza. He acts as a traffic signal and directs the traffic. He is doing a meaningful job.
S7: What do the drivers do when they pass by him? S8: Some drivers give him a tip, but most of them just pass by, taking the human traffic signal for granted.
S9: What effect did his last experience have on him? S10: It had a profound effect on him. He thought he was lucky to be alive and he should do the job to help others. It is a mission for him.
Task 3 Listening This part is to improve the students’ pronunciation and intonation. T: Now I will play the tape for you. You just listen with your books closed. After listening, please underline some import ant sentences and phrases.
Play the tape for the students. T: So much for listening. Let’s underline some important sentences and phrases. Task 4 Explanation Show the following on the screen. These sentences or phrases may be difficult for the students to understand. 1. ... many roads are in bad condition and accidents are frequent. 2. a sheer drop 3. ... on average one vehicle comes off the road every two weeks. 4. But thanks to one man, the death toll has fallen. 5. But often they just pass by, taking the human traffic signal for granted. 6. He had a close encounter with death. First ask the students to guess the meanings of the sentences and phrases using the context. Then explain them to the students. 1. ... on one side are the high mountains and on the other side is a steep drop, and there are many bends on the roads. So the roads are very dangerous and accidents often happen. 2. “A sheer drop” means “a steep slope of a mountain”. 3. According to the average, the accidents often happen, about two weeks a time. 4. Because Timoteo Apaza directs the traffic every day, the accidents don’t happen so often. He saved a lot of people’s lives. 5. Most of the drivers just drive their cars away from him, as if they didn’t take notice of him, or they think they have nothing to do with him. 6. An accident almost killed him. Step IV Discussion The discussion is designed to help the students understand the text further and build up a correct concept of life value. Make them form a right attitude towards work and society. T: Well, boys and girls. I don’t know whether you are moved or not. Timoteo Apaza is a volunteer. He does the job without any pay. What do you think of his job? Is it a job worth doing? I will give you five minutes to discuss the question. Then give me your opinions. Five minutes for discussion. T: Time is up. Which pair wants to have a try? Ask a pair to present their opinions.
S1: I really can’t understand why he chooses the job, for he can’t make any money from it. I think it is not a job worth doing. S2: That is because he once had a close encounter with death. He knows the values of life. So he wants to save the others’ lives. He thinks it is his mission and a job worth doing. S1: But don’t you think it unnecessary for him to do that? Isn’t there any practical and modern way to solv e the problem? For example, he can make electrical lights, using red and green lights. S2: Maybe there is much difficulty for him to solve the problem in that way. But he is the only person who has done something for this and he has saved a lot of people.
In my opinion, he is a person who deserves our respect. He sacrifices a lot for others’ happiness. We should learn the spirit from him. S1: Oh, I see. I can’t agree with you more.
T: I am glad that you two have learnt something from him. You did a good job. Please sit down. Step V Text Analysis T: Now read through the text again and summarize the writing characteristics of it. A sample version: The writer uses an unusual title “The Human Traffic Signal” to attract the readers’ attention and arouse their interest. Then the text tells us the bad condition of many roads in La Paz. Afterwards, it tells us why the death toll has fallen — because of the human traffic signal (Timoteo Apaza). At last it tells us why he chooses the job. After reading it, we are easily moved. T: What is the main idea of the text?
S1: Let me try. Both life and communication are difficult in La Paz. Accidents often happen on some dangerous roads. Timoteo Apaza, a volunteer, who had an accident and had a close encounter with death, realized that it is necessary to direct the traffic. Because of him, the death toll has fallen. He is an ordinary as well as great man.
T: Then who can tell us the writing purpose of this text？
S2: By describing the special job of Timoteo Apaza, the author wants to show us that the value of a job is not money. Instead, it lies in the happiness of serving society. We should form right attitudes towards work and society.
Step VI Homework T: Today we have learnt some words about job and a passage about a person. From the text we know that Timoteo Apaza is an ordinary person, and he does an ordinary job, but he has a noble mind. He devotes himself to saving others’ lives. We can say he is greatly respectable. From this story, we know we can make great contributions to society even we do ordinary jobs. If everyone of us has this spirit, the future will become better. Homework for today: 1. Read the text again, and remember the language points. 2. Do Exercise 1 on page 12 and Exercise 5 on page 14.
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