必修 4 Unit 基础操练
Ⅰ. 单词拼写 1. The children a themselves by playing hide-and-seek games. 2. The young teacher was loved because he made the children glad in a v of ways. 3. Those young men were c by the police with causing a disturbance in the neighbourhood. 4. Depend on yourself. Don’t i other people in your trouble. 5. Young people usually lives in a world of f . They are not realistic. 6. The (主题) of our lesson is the development of the science. 7. There are (各种各样的) games in our sports meeting. 8. People usually get around the big parks by using (往返汽车). 9. I’m not going there again! They (收费) me 15 yuan for a cup of tea! 10. The (入场费) to this museum is so expensive. Ⅱ. 用方框内所给单词或短语的适当形式填空 name after/creature/get close to/mysterious/a variety of 1. This is the school that a hero where he spent his childhood. 2. Coral is not a plant but animal life of different shapes and bright colours. 3. They’re being very about their holiday plans and their parents know nothing. 4. Just imagine how horrible the world would be if human is the only in the world. 5. Take a camera and the nature in your summer holiday. Ⅲ. 完成句子 1. When Uncle Bill went abroad to live, he left me his watch as a (纪念 品). 2. Our school has been given some new computers to (满足 需要) of the lab. 3. The bosses always want to (获得利润). 4. Boys, you’d better play football (在运动场). 5. —She looks sad. —Don’t worry. She will (活跃起来) in a short time.
Ⅳ. 单项填空 从 A、B、C 和 D 四个选项中，选出可以填入空白处的最佳选项。 1. I don’t know the restaurant, but it’s to be quite a good one. A. said B. told C. spoken D. talked 2. Mr Smith has a lot of business . I know by
that this man cannot
be trusted. A. experience; experience B. experiences; experience C. experience; experiences D. experiences; experiences 3. Not just I but also Tom and Mary fond of watching television. A. am B. is C. are D. be 4. How much do you for mending one light? A. spend B. cost C. charge D. take 5. I don’t want to be in this problem, which will bring me a lot of troubles. A. suffered B. contained C. introduced D. involved 6. How about shopping this afternoon? A. to go B. go C. going D. will go 7. Most of English learners want to know how the differences between British and American English . A. come along B. come over C. come about D. come up with 8. Li Ming in that village after reading the news. A. was volunteered teaching B. volunteered to teach C. volunteered teaching D. was volunteered to teach 9. The trees in the storm have been moved off the road. A. being blown down B. blown down C. blowing down D. to blow down 10. What do you mean, there are only ten tickets? There be twelve. (2009·全国Ⅰ) A. should B. would C. will D. shall Ⅴ. 阅读理解 阅读下列短文，从每题所给的四个选项(A、B、C 和 D)中，选出最佳选项。 Richard Rodriguez from the United States is a great roller coaster fan. Recently he broke his 15th world record after he spent 104 days riding the world s largest roller coaster. “ It got more difficult to ride and ride because of the muscle tiredness, ” Rodriguez, a teacher at the University of Chicago, said as he stepped down from the ride in a German park. He spent 10 hours a day on the roller coaster. Rodriguez tried to keep himself busy during the rides on the big roller coaster in a southwestern town in Germany. “I read the newspapers...I have a walkman, I have my cell phone, so I try to talk to people and message people during the day,” he said. Although the 42-year-old said he felt sick on the first few days, he said he soon got over the problem. “My face hurts sharply and I have a little backache, but I am good.”
The “Expedition GeForce” is one of the world’s biggest roller coasters. It measures 62 meters at its highest point. On his 95th day on the coaster, after travelling over 25,000 kilometers, Rodriguez had a toothache and was treated by a local dentist. He went on after that and succeeded in breaking the record. Rodriguez celebrated with members of the park staff and his supporters, who had sent him postcards and e-mails encouraging him not to give up. 1. What do we know about Expedition GeForce? A. It once ran for 104 days nonstop. B. It is the one most difficult to ride. C. It is most modernly equipped. D. It is in a German town. 2. Rodriguez kept on riding that long because . A. he wanted to show the world the very best he could do B. he was having great fun doing that C. the roller coaster can’t stop once it starts running D. he was able to live and work as usual on the coaster 3. During the roller coaster ride, Rodriguez . A. kept on working as a university teacher B. kept enjoying good health C. kept in touch with the world around him D. broke his world record 15 times 4. When Rodriguez finally stepped down from the roller coaster, he . A. was healthy and strong as usual B. was in poor health C. was very tired but happy D. decided to work as a teacher 5. The new world record was keeping on riding for on a roller coaster. A. 16 times B. 104 days and 10-hour a day C. 10 hours a day D. over 25,000 kilometers Ⅵ. 写作 这幅漫画名为《寒假的第一天》 。请你根据这幅漫画的内容与提示写一篇短文。
注意：1. 词数：120—150 左右；
2. 文章开头已经写好，不计入总词数； 3. 内容充实，结构完整，语意连贯； 4. 书写必须清晰、工整。 提示： 第一段：根据漫画描写寒假第一天 Xiao Ming 的不愉快经历； 第二段：结合漫画谈谈自己的看法。 The First Day in the Winter Holiday It was the first day of the winter holiday, but Xiao Ming wasn’t happy.
Ⅰ. 单词拼写 1. amused 2. variety 3. charged 4. involve 5. fantasy 6. theme 7. various 8. shuttles 9. charged 10. admission Ⅱ. 用方框内所给单词或短语的适当形式填空 1. is named after 2．a variety of 3. mysterious 4. creature 5. get close to Ⅲ. 完成句子 1. souvenir 2. meet the need 3. make a profit 4. on the playground 5. come to life
Ⅳ. 单项填空 1. 解析：选 A。考查 It’s said to...的用法。speak 和 talk 为不及物动词，且后面接 to 后多加人作宾语，因此排除 C，D 两项；tell 为及物动词，然而运用被动语态时主语多为人。 2. 解析：选 B。experience 作“经历”讲为可数名词，而作“经验”讲为不可数名词。 3. 解析：选 C。not only...but also 连接主语时，谓语动词的数由最近的主语决定。 4. 解析：选 C。A 项有较大干扰性，spend 的固定搭配是 sb. spend some time doing sth.； 而 charge 形成的固定搭配是 charge sb. for sth.。 5. 解析：选 D。be involved in sth.意为“牵涉进……” 。 6. 解析：选 C。how about 后跟名词或 v. ing 形式。 7. 解析：选 C。考查词义辨析。come along 意为“一起来” ；come over 意为“从远处过来” ；
come about 意为“产生” ；come up with 意为“提出” 。 8. 解析：选 B。volunteer to do sth.意为“主动请求去做某事” 。 9. 解析： 选 B。 考查非谓语动词。 句意为： 在暴风中被吹倒的树已经从道路上被移走了。 “树 木”的后面缺少定语，因为 blow down 与 trees 之间是动宾关系，且是已经完成的动作，故 用过去分词短语 blown down。 10. 解析： 选 A。 考查情态动词。 句意为： 你什么意思？只有 10 张票吗？应该是 12 张。 should 表示可能性推测，意为“应该” ，符合句意。would 表过去将来；will 表意愿；shall 表示 一种语气，均不合句意。 Ⅴ. 阅读理解 1. 解析：选 D。细节理解题。由第二段中的“in a German park”可知，这部过山车在德 国。第三段中也提到“a southwestern town in Germany” 。 2. 解析：选 A。推理判断题。从倒数第二段以及前面提到的信息可以得出答案。 3. 解析：选 C。细节理解题。由第三段中的“I read the newspapers...I have my cell phone, so I try...message people during the day”可知答案。 4. 解析：选 C。推理判断题。从第二段中引述他的话来看，他是十分疲劳的；而打破了世 界记录，自然也是非常高兴的。 5. 解析：选 B。细节理解题。从第一段中的“...after he spent 104 days...”可知答案。 Ⅵ. 写作 One possible version: The First Day in the Winter Holiday It was the first day of the winter holiday, but Xiao Ming wasn’t happy. In the morning, his mother woke him up early and wanted to take him to a make-up school. At almost the same time, his father came in, telling him to sign up for an English training course. Xiao Ming was a football fan and was crazy about cartoon films, yet neither of his parents would like him to develop his own interest. What they only care about seems to be his study. It’s not only Xiao Ming who has to face such a holiday. Nowadays, children in China are burdened with so much homework and so many training courses that they can hardly enjoy their holidays. It’s time that parents “returned” holidays to their children.
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