Teaching plan for Module 4 Book3 --Grammar: The Infinitive ------------Zhao Min
Good morning, everyone, it ’s my great pleasure to be here sharing my lessons with you. The content of the lesson is the infinitive. I’ll begin the lesson from the following five parts, the teaching material, the teaching methods, the studying methods, the teaching procedure and blackboard design. First, Ok now I am going to start from the first part. Firstly，let me introduce the teaching material. In the passage- Sandstorms in Asia, the writer uses the infinitive to express his ideas, so I think this module aims to help the students grasp how to use the infinitive. As we know, the infinitive is one of the most important grammars, and it is also one of the most difficult grammars. Secondly, I want to tell something about the students. The students have learnt something about the infinitive in Junior High school, and they often meet the infinitive in reading materials, so I think the grammar is not strange to them. To help the students grasp the infinitive, I should make the students interested in the class first. So I use a story to heat the classroom atmosphere. Most of our students are from rural middle school, so they lack confidence and are shy to express their ideas in English, so I design some interesting and easy work to try to involve all the students in taking part in the class activities, so that all of them can achieve some success in class. Meanwhile, I lay particular emphasis on developing students’ interest in English and provide the students with a good environment, relaxing atmosphere and more chances for individual and group practice. Thirdly, I’d like to talk about teaching aims and demands It is requested in the New Standard English that we should improve the students’ integrating skills of listening, speaking, reading and writing, so I set some activities to develop the students’ integrating skills and the ability of imagination and creativity. According to these, I set my teaching aims as follows: 1 Knowledge aims: A. Make the students learn to sum up grammatical rules by themselves B. Make sure the students master the grammatical items 2 Ability aims: A. listening: get information from the listening materials B. Speaking: express one’s ideas in English C. Reading: sum up grammatical rules by themselves D. Writing: make up a whole story using the infinitive 3 Emotional aims: A. To arise the students’ interest in learning English B. To encourage students to be active in class Fourthly, teaching important points is 1. Work together to sum up the grammatical rules of the infinitive 2. Encourage students to think in the English way Teaching difficult points is The definition of different forms of the infinitive and how to use them Teaching Aids: Part 2 Teaching Methods According to the analysis above, I’ll try to use the following theories to make students the real master of the class while the teacher acts as a director and helper.
pictures; tape-recorder; multi-media
a. Communicative Language Teaching Language is used for communication. It ’s learner-centered and it ’s very important to emphasize communication in English. I’ll create some real-life situations, have students “free talk” ,express their ideas with their own words. It can improve students’ spoken English ability. b. Task-based Language Teaching Give students some specific tasks around the teaching material, make them know what they need to do ,which problems they need to deal with in class. Let students join the activities and finish the tasks by pair work or individuals. The aim is to develop students’ ability to deal with the problem and help them have a better understanding of the teaching materials. c. Computer Assisted Language Teaching The Computer Assisted Language Teaching can provide students attractive materials, creating vivid language learning environment. It can shorten the time for students to understand, improve the quality of teaching. In addition, I’ll make the best of multi-media and slides to make the class more lovely, interesting and high-effective. Part 3 studying Methods Students can take the following learning methods: task-based, self-dependent and cooperative learning. Part 4 Teaching Procedure Step 1 Revision 1. Review some phrases in the text (1). advise sb. to do sth. (3). allow sb. to do sth. (5). persuade sb. to do sth. (2). try many ways to do sth. (4). decide to do sth. (6). prevent sb. from doing sth.
(purpose: to review some phrases , because the phrases will be used in the later activity) 2. Show the students some pictures and ask them to make up some sentences to describe the pictures using some of the phrases reviewed just now (Here, the students can have a discussion) Example sentences: 1. 2. 3. 4. 5. 6. My mother doesn’t allow my father to smoke in the room. I advised him to give up smoking. I tried many ways to persuade him, but I failed. So I decided to go to my teacher to ask for help. But it is difficult for my father to give up smoking. (object complement) (object complement) (attributive) (object) (adverbial) (subject)
My teacher’s suggestion is to make my father understand the harm of smoking. (predicative)
(purpose: to attract the students’ interest in the topic and by asking “These sentences have something in common and have you found?” lead to the next part) Step2 Function of the Infinitive (2) object (5) attributive (3) object complement (6) adverbial 1. Encourage the students to sum up the function of the infinitive by themselves (1)subject (4)predicative
2. To consolidate, get the students to listen to some sentences and write them down, then tell the function of the infinitive in each sentence. (1). I open the door to enter the classroom.
(2). He happens to be reading a novel when I came in. (3). He is the man to have invented the computer. (4). To be loved is happy. (5). My job is to teach English. (6). The teacher asks the students to be careful in class. students' listening ability, at the same time lead to the next part) Step3 The tense and voice of the infinitive
(object) (attributive) (subject) (predicative) (object complement)
(purpose: this part is designed to make the students understand the function of the infinitive, and practice the
1. According to the sentences above, sum up the tense and the voice of the infinitive as the forms below: Active voice Simple form Continuous form Perfect form to do to be doing to have done Passive voice to be done \ to have been done
2. To practice, I will show the students some other pictures to continue our story. And make up some sentences. (1). My father was considered to have given up smoking. (2). My father pretended to be reading a newspaper when I came in. (3). I was so sad and burst into tears, saying “You should be the person to be trusted, why you cheat us?” (4). To be a good father, he had to give up smoking. (purpose: to practice the different tense and voice of the infinitive, and lead to next part) Step 4. The infinitive without “to” Say: Here I want to introduce some sentence patterns to express “have to do”: 1. 2. 3. 4. I have no choice but to do sth. I can do nothing but do sth can’t help but do can’t but do
Say: there are also some other words can be followed by the infinitive without “to” The pithy of formula is: 五看 三使（室）两听（厅）一感觉 五看：see; look at; watch; observe; notice 三使：make; let; have 两听：listen to; hear 一感觉：feel (purpose: make the students know some verbs can be followed by the infinitive without “to”) Step 5 Practice Give the students some exercises to do to consolidate the grammatical rules. Ask the students to choose the best answers, then collect from the students. Step 6 Summary First, ask the students to discuss “What have you learned this class?” Then give the summary: This class we use a story to learn the grammatical items of the infinitive. We know the function of the infinitive can be: subject; predicative; object; object complement; attributive and adverbial. We also know the tense and the voice of the infinitive, and some verbs should be followed by the infinitive
without “to”. At last, to make the students remember, I’d like to give them another pithy formula: 本领最多不定式，主、表、宾、补、定和状。 样样成分都能干，只有谓语它不敢。 大家千万要当心，有时它把句型改， 做主、宾时用“ it ” ，自己在后把身藏。 八个感官三使役， 宾补要把“ to ”甩开。 to 前 not 是否定， 各种用法区别开。 Step 7 Homework Make up a whole story to describe these pictures. Part 5 Blackboard design 本领最多不定式，主、表、宾、补、定和状。 样样成分都能干，只有谓语它不敢。 大家千万要当心，有时它把句型改， 做主、宾时用“ it ” ，自己在后把身藏。 八个感官三使役， 宾补要把“ to ”甩开。 to 前 not 是否定， 各种用法区别开。 Part 5 Blackboard design
II. Tense and voice
III Bare Infinitive 五看三使（室） Active voice Passive voice to be done \ see; watch; look at; observe; to have done to have been done notice make, have, let listen to, hear feel 两听（厅）一感觉：
2.predicative 3.object 4.object complement Simple form Continuous form Perfect form 5.attrbutive 6.adverbial to do to be doing
In my opinion, the blackboard design can reflect the teacher’s ability of mastering the text and leading the students to master the text easily. In this text, I write the main idea on the blackboard, in order to tell the students that this is the important points in this class. I want to make the design inductive, instructive and artistic. Above is my teaching plan of this lesson. Thank you for listening.
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