Unit 3 A healthy life Section Ⅱ Warming amp；Reading Language Points
①禁止：ban, forbid, prohibit
⑤中年人：a middle?aged person
⑥ 老 年 人 ： senior citizen/the
1.stressn．压力；重音 vt.加压力于；使紧张； elderly/the aged
3.abuse n．&vt. 滥用；虐待
2.adolescentn ． 青 少 年 adj. 青 春 期 的 → [词块]①child abuse 虐待儿童
②alcohol/drug abuse 酗酒/滥用药品(毒
n．对……有瘾的人→addictive adj.使人上瘾 ③abuse one's power/position 滥用权力/
4.accustomvt.使习惯于→accustomedadj.惯常 4.quit v．离开；辞去
[词块]quit office/school 辞职/退学
5.withdrawaln．收回；撤退；戒毒(或脱瘾)过 5.effect n．效果；作用
6.automaticadj. 无 意 识 的 ； 自 动 的 → [联想]affect vt.影响
[词块]side effect 副作用
7.mentaladj.精神的；智力的→mentallyadv.精 6.?ist 结尾的常见名词
8.effectn．结果；努力→effective adj.有效 学家
的 ； 有 影 响 的 → effectively adv. 有 效 地 → ③physicist 物理学家④educationist 教
9.abnormaladj.畸形的；异常的→normal (反义 ⑤violinist 小提琴家⑥pianist 钢琴演
10.unfitadj.不健康的；不合适的；不合格的→ ⑦journalist 记者；新闻工作者
11.strengthenvt.加强；巩固；使坚强 vi.变强 [派生]addict n．有瘾的人
[词块]a work addict 工作狂
12.disappointedadj. 失 望 的 ； 沮 丧 的 → 8.mental adj.精神的；智力的
disappointment n．失望→disappointing adj. [派生]mentally adv.精神上；智力上
13.ashamedadj.感到惭愧或羞耻的→shame n．羞 ②physically adv.身体上
1.a long bike ride 骑自行车跑了很长一
2．cycle 20 kilometres 骑车跑 20 千米
3．in two weeks' time 再过两个礼拜
4．my long and active life 我长寿而且
5．get withdrawal symptoms 有断瘾症状
7．over_and_over_again 再三地；反复地 6．feel bad?tempered 感到烦躁
8．do_damage_to_...对……造成伤害/损伤 7．feel good 感觉良好
8．turn yellow 变黄
9．enjoy sport 喜爱运动
10．on the Internet 在网上
1.It seems amazing that at my
age I am still fit enough to it seemed ＋ adj. ＋ it_seemed_certain_that their
cycle 20 kilometres in an that ...“……看起 plane would crash.
一个下午骑车跑 20 千米。
2. ... you started smoking some time ago and now you are finding it difficult to give it up. ……你不久前开始吸烟了，而且 现在你发现很难把它戒掉。
find it ＋adj.＋to do sth. “发现做某 事很……”。
We find_it_necessary_to_work_har d to achieve our dream. 我们发现很有必要努力工作来实 现我们的梦想。
3.When I was taken off the
school football team because I was unfit, I knew it was time to quit smoking. 当我因为身体不健康而被学校足 球队除名时，我知道该是戒烟的
it was time to do sth. “是该做某事的 时间了”。
4.I do hope so because I want you to live as long and healthy a life as I have. 我的确希望如此，因为我想让你 能像我这样活得健康长寿。
①do hope 为强调结 构，do 常用来强调谓 语动词。 ②“as＋adj.＋a(n) ＋单数可数名词＋ as ...”结构。
he did_give_up smoking last
(a heavy smoker)，但他去年确实
5.Every time you feel like
smoking a cigarette, remind yourself that you are a non?smoker. 每次你想吸烟的时候，要提醒自
时间名词短语 every time 作连词。
Every_time_I_meet_him,_he always wears a smile. 我每次遇见他，他总是面带微笑。
1．stress n．压力；重音；重要性 vt.加压力于；使紧张；强调 (1)under stress 在压力之下
put sb. under great stress
lay/place/put stress on sth.
(2)stress the importance of
①One of the most effective ways to reduce stress is to talk about feelings with
someone you trust.(2015·浙江高考单选)
②Mary's been under a lot of stress since her mother was ill.
③He stressed the importance ofa good education.
→He laid/placed/put_stress_on the importance of a good education.
2．(教材 P17)Do you think smoking should be banned?
ban vt.禁止；取缔 n.禁令；谴责
(1)ban ... from sth./doing sth.禁止做某事
(2)put/place a ban on ...
a ban on ...
①There isa ban on smoking in the public places.
②They banned visitors from smoking (smoke) in the building.
③The government put a ban on the sale of that drug.
3．(教材 P18)I think my long and active life must be due tothe healthy life I
due to 由于……；因为
①His success is entirelydue tohard work.
②Mistakes due_to_carelessness may have serious consequences.
③Many people had to move out of their original living places due_to_the_flood
caused by heavy rain this summer.
[名师点津]due to 可在句中作表语、定语或状语；作状语时不可置于句首。
be due to do sth.
be due to sb.
be due for sth.
④The boat is due to_arrive (arrive) at 12.
船预计在 12 点到。
⑤Ten dollars is due to you.
我应付你 10 美元。
⑥The car is due for its annual service again.
4．(教材 P18)You see, during adolescence I also smoked and became addictedto
(1)be/become addicted to (doing) sth.
addict oneself to (doing) sth.
①People who are addicted to shopping should break this habit.
②Many kids addict themselves to surfing (surf) the Net, and so they have lost
interest in study.
5．(教材 P18)This means that after a while your body becomes accustomedto having
nicotine in it.
accustomed adj. 经常的；惯常的；习惯了的
(1)be/get/become/grow accustomed to (doing) sth.
accustom oneself/sb./sth. to
①She took her accustomedseat by the window.
②Most developed nations have become dependent on digital technology simply
because they've grown accustomed to it.
③He quickly accustomed_himself_to this new way of life.
6．(教材 P18)I was addicted in all three ways, so it was very difficult to quit.
我(之所以)上瘾共有三个方面的原因，因此，要戒烟就很难。 quit vt.(quit/quitted；quit/quitted)停止(做某事)；离开
quit office/school 离职/退学
quit doing sth.
①He quit schoolat 15 and left home.
他 15 岁辍学后离开了家。
②You must quit smoking (smoke). Most important of all, you should start taking
7．(教材 P18)When I was young, I didn't know much about the harmfuleffectsof
effect n. 结果；效力
①The measures taken by the local government willcome into effectnext month. 当地政府采取的措施将下月生效。
②It won't be easy to put the changes into effect. 把这些变化落到实处不是件容易的事。
③Great scientific achievements will have a positive effect on our life as well as society.
8．(教材 P19)Every time youfeel likesmoking a cigarette, remind yourself that you are a non?smoker.
每次你想吸烟的时候，要提醒自己你是一个不吸烟的人。 feel like 想要；摸上去像；感到像
写出下列句中 feel like 的含义 ①Do youfeel like swimming？想要 ②Ifeel like catching a cold.感到像 ③Itfeels like a snake.摸上去像
feel like (doing) sth. 想要某物/想要做某事
④I feel like trying (try) out this new approach to solve the problem.
[名师点津]feel like 后跟动名词作宾语，而 would like 后跟动词不定式作宾语。
9．(教材 P19)If you feel desperate, you might like to talk to a doctor or chemist
about something to help you, like nicotine chewing gum.
desperate adj. 绝望的；拼命的
be desperate for 极想某物
be desperate to do sth.
①He's desperate forsuccess. 他极渴望成功。 ②Those prisoners are desperate to_get (get) freedom. 那些囚犯极其希望得到自由。 10．(教材 P19)Do not be disappointed if you have to try several times before you finally stop smoking. 如果你不得不尝试多次戒烟才能最终把它戒掉，你也不要失望。
disappointed adj. 失望的；沮丧的
①He was disappointed that other guests were not coming. 其他客人没有来，他感到失望。
②I'm really disappointed with/in you, Tom.
③I was disappointed at not finding her at home.
④I was completely disappointed to_hear (hear) that.
disappoint vt.使失望；使沮丧；使(希望、计划等) 落空；挫败
disappointing adj. disappointment n.
to one's disappointment
⑤To his parents'disappointment,_their disappointing son always makes them
disappointed at his disappointing performance.(disappoint)
11．(教材 P19)If you weaken and have a cigarette, do not feel ashamed.
(1)be/feel ashamed of 因……感到惭愧
be ashamed to do sth.
It's a shame/pity that ...
What a shame/pity!
①John felt ashamed after he was teased by some kids.
②You should be_ashamed_of failing to finish the task.
③He is ashamed to_let (let) me know what he has done.
④It's a shame that you live at such a distance; otherwise we could see each
⑤What_a_shame/pity! She should fail this round.
1．When I was taken off the school football team because I was unfit, I knew
it was time to quit smoking. 当我因为身体不健康而被学校足球队除名时，我知道该是戒烟的时候了。 (1)It is/was time to do sth.是该做某事的时候了。 ①It is high time to makean adjustment. 到了该做出调整的时候了。 (2)It's (high/about) time＋that sb. did/should do ... 到了某人做……的时间了。 ②It is high time that we said/should_say (say) goodbye. 到了我们说再见的时候了。 (3)It/This was the first/second ... time that ...(从句用过去完成时) It/This is the first/second ... time that ...(从句用现在完成时) 这是……第一/二……次…… ③This is the first time that I have_been (be) away from my home for such a long
time. 这是我第一次离开家这么长时间。 ④This was the second time that I had participatedin the 100?meter race. 这是我第二次参加 100 米比赛。 2．I do hope so because I want you to live as long and healthy a life as I have. 我的确希望如此，因为我想让你能像我这样活得健康长寿。 (1)“do/does/did＋动词原形”构成强调句，意为“确实；的确”，用来加强谓语动词
①If you have a job, do devote yourself to it and finally you will succeed. 如果你有一份工作，务必要全力以赴地去做，最终你会成功的。 ②To my great joy, the plant did_look exactly like what we were looking for. 使我非常高兴的是，这棵植物看起来的确像是我们正在寻找的那种。 (2) 句 中 使 用 了 一 个 比 较 级 结 构 ： so/as ＋ adj. ＋ a(n) ＋ n. ＋ as ， 意 为 “ 和 … … 一 样……”。 ①The young man hopes to liveas simple a life as his grandpa. 这个小伙子希望和他爷爷一样过俭朴的生活。 ②I have read as_interesting_a_book_as you have read. 我读的书和你读的书一样有趣。 [名师点津] 类似此句型的用法的还有：too/so/how＋adj.＋a(n)＋n.。
③Mr. Murphy is so_good_a_teacher that he can get across these problems.
④It is too_difficult_a_job for me to finish in so short a time.
3．Every time you feel like smoking a cigarette, remind yourself that you are
(1)句中的 every time 用作连词，用来引导时间状语从句，意为“每次/每当……”。
①Every time we made mistakes in our homework, he would ask us to correct them.
②Every_time I see the old man in the park, he is absorbed in reading papers.
(1)the first time 第一次……
by the time
(2)the moment/the minute/the instant
③The_first_time I interviewed him, he looked a bit nervous.
④The moment/minute/instant I came into the classroom, I saw the sentence on
⑤He paid back the money he owed us immediately/instantly/directly he returned
1．The students here are_banned (ban) from bringing cell phones back to school. 2．Last year, he was_addicted (addict) to computer games. 3．I have accustomed myself to working long hours. 4．I wish you'd quit complaining (complain)． 5．The national football team is desperate for a win. 6．I don't feel like arguing (argue) with them. 7．I was disappointed to_see (see) what had happened.
8．I am not ashamed to_do (do) such a thing, for it benefits every one of us. 9．Things can easily go wrong when people are under stress.
10．We wanted him to have as full a life as possible, no different from what we wanted for our other two sons. Ⅱ.补全句子
1．The English teacher stressed_the_importance_of learning English well. 英语老师强调了学好英语的重要性。
2．People are_banned_from_parking in these places. 在这些地方禁止停车。
3．Mr Black dropped out of politics due_to_poor_health. 布莱克先生由于身体不佳而退出政治(生涯)。
4．Addicted_to_playing_the_violin,_he didn't find a thief walk into his house. 他醉心于拉小提琴，没有注意到小偷进屋。
5．I am_accustomed_to_getting_up_early for exercise. 我习惯了这么早起床进行晨练。
6．It_is_time_for_you_to_take/It_is_time_that_you_should_take/took effective measures.
是你该采取有效措施的时候了。 7．(2013·重庆高考写作)I am writing to tell you that the finless porpoise is
becoming extinct because humans' activities have_a_bad_effect_on_them. 我写信告诉你中国长江江豚正面临灭绝，因为人类的活动对它们产生了不利的影响。
8．Lydia doesn't_feel_like_studying_abroad. Her parents are old. 莉迪亚不想在国外学习，她的父母年纪都很大了。
9．She does_speak_French_very_well;_she must have been to France. 她法语确实说得很好；她肯定去过法国。
10．Every_time_I_express_an_opinion,_she always argues back. 每当我发表意见时，她总是反驳。
1．More and more people cannot bear the stress (压力) of modern life. 2．According to the law, drivers who are drunk are banned (禁止) from driving.
3．This warm weather is abnormal (不正常的) for February. 4．He was so addicted (入了迷的) to computers that his parents were worried
about him much. 5．This is a hospital for those people who suffer mental (精神的) diseases.
6．This activity helps strengthen (加强) memory and build trust. 7．She has become accustomed (习惯了的) to climbing the mountain every day. 8．Without any aid, the situation in this country will be desperate (绝望的)．
9．She was disappointed (失望的) at the disappointing result. 10．As for you, you ought to be ashamed (感到惭愧的) of what you have done.
Ⅱ.单句改错 1．Father always puts a lot of stress to good table manners.to→on 2．There is ban on the use of chemical weapons in the war.ban 前加 a 3．Her son addicted to smoking, which had a bad effect on his health.addicted
后加 himself 或在其前加 was 4．I accustom myself to get up late, and I always feel sleepy.get→getting 5．It's reported that this regulation will come into an effect from September
1.去掉 an 6 ． To our disappointed, it rained every day of the trip.disappointed →
disappointment 7．It's shame that he wasn't admitted by Beijing University.shame 前加 a 8．She often says that she feels like read books in her spare time.read→reading
Ⅲ.选词填空 due to， addicted to， accustomed to， decide on， feel like， over and over again， do damage to， instead of 1．He was addicted_to drinking because of work pressure. 2．Finally we decided_on the plan we should carry out. 3．Due_to the extreme cold, we couldn't go out to have a picnic. 4．The old man likes telling us his life story over_and_over_again.
5．The heavy rain did great damage_to the crops there. 6．Surrounded by positive people, you will keep focused on what you can do instead_of what you can't. 7．It is sunny today, and we feel_like going out to have a walk. 8．We are usually accustomed_to having a get?together every other week. Ⅳ.课文语法填空 It's easy for you to start smoking, but once you become 1.addicted (addict) to it, you may find it difficult to quit. Firstly, you may become 2.physically (physical) addicted to nicotine, a harmful chemical that consists in cigarettes. Secondly, you may develop the habit of smoking and become mentally addicted to it, 3.believing (believe) that you will only feel good when you smoke. Smoking may have all kinds of harmful effects 4.on the health of 5.both the smokers themselves and non?smokers around them. It not only affects your physical fitness, but also does harm 6.to your heart and lungs and causes a variety of diseases. Being 7.a smoker, the offensive smell and appearance of you may drive people around you away. So, it's important that one quit 8.smoking (smoke) and live a healthier life. To quit smoking, you should be well?prepared 9.and make a list of all the benefits you may get after quitting. Developing some new habits like listening to music, reading novels or 10.doing (do) housework may distract your attention and help you give up smoking. Ⅴ.串点成篇微表达 越来越多的孩子整日沉溺于(be addicted to)网络游戏，这会对他们有很坏的影响(have a bad effect on)。一旦他们养成这个习惯，就不容易摆脱掉(quit)，这让他们不能适应 (accustom)日常生活。在我看来，老师和家长都应该强调(stress the importance of)学习 的重要性，禁止(ban)他们玩这样的网络游戏。 More_and_more_children_are_addicted_to_the_Internet_games_all_day,_which_wi ll_have_a_bad_effect_on_them._Once_they_form_the_habit,_they_won't_quit_it_easi ly,_which_can't_accustom_them_to_the_daily_life._In_my_opinion,_the_teachers_an d_parents_should_stress_the_importance_of_study,_and_ban_them_from_playing_such _Internet_games.
When I smoked with my family, I would feel so __1__ and good that nothing else in the world seemed so __2__. I thought that smoking weed (烟草) was okay since many of my family members and people at my school smoked. __3__ ever happened to
them. __4__ I started smoking weed a lot more during lunch and after school. I never thought __5__ of it. At that time I just wanted to smoke. Then I began to
__6__ in school. I would __7__ classes, come home late and spend all my money. I
would spend __8__ 8 to 18 dollars a day. I never thought __9__ about the bad effect that marijuana (大麻) had on those things. Maybe my coming to class high (神志恍
惚) was the reason why I was failing or coming home late. As I continued to smoke
marijuana, I began to notice that I would always have the strong desire to smoke
and that I would get __10__ cigarettes if I smoked those, but I don't. __11__ I have learned more about marijuana, I have __12__ the amount of marijuana that I
use. I don't want marijuana to be the most important in my life. I'm not smoking
every day, and not spending as much money. Since I have __13__ on my habit, I am __14__ more money. I'm ready to go back to school and do good, so that I can make
myself __15__. Everyone is always saying how weed __16__ your mind and how it solves
problems. I think it only brings more __17__. Marijuana is not good for your body or your brain. I'm not trying to tell you not to smoke; I'm just letting you know
that marijuana can be __18__ to your health, and that __19__ it may cause some
long?term negative effects. Stop smoking now, before it is too late. I don't want
to lecture anyone, but just __20__ my experience with you.
解析：选 B 根据后文的“and good”可推知，当时作者对吸烟的态度应该是肯定的，
解析：选 A 从文章第 12 空后的“I don't want marijuana to be the most important
in my life.”可知，作者当初认为吸烟是生命中非常重要的事情。
解析：选 C 作者坚持吸烟的原因之一是他并没有看到周围的人因为吸烟而出事。
4．A.By the way C．In my opinion
B．Now and then D．For a time
解析：选 Dby the way“顺便说一下”；now and then“不时；时而”；in my opinion
“在我看来”；for a time“一段时间”。根据后文的“At that time”可知此处是指“一段
解析：选 A 作者起初对吸烟的态度是积极的，所以当他在午饭期间以及放学后吸烟量
解析：选 B 根据后文的描述“I never thought __9__ about the bad effect that
marijuana (大麻) had on those things.”可知，吸烟已经影响到了作者的学习。get ahead
“取得进步”；fall behind“落后”；come across“偶遇”；make up“编造；化妆”。结合
语境可确定答案为 B 项。
解析：选 D 根据后文的“come home late and spend all my money”可知，吸烟影
响了作者的生活。cut classes 意为“旷课”，此处是吸烟对作者学习的影响。
C．no more than
D．as little as
解析：选 A 根据前文的“spend all my money”可知，作者花在吸烟上的钱并不少，
每天至少要 8 至 18 美元。at least“至少”；at most“最多”；no more than“只有；仅仅”；
as little as“和……一样少”。
解析：选 B 尽管吸烟对作者的学习和生活影响很大，但当时作者考虑得并不多。think
twice about sth.“三思而行，慎重考虑后再决定”。
解析：选 C 根据后文“... if I smoked those, but I don't.”可知，当时作者已
used to“习惯于”；get paid for“因……而被付给钱”；get lost in“沉迷于；热衷于”；
get ready for“为……做好准备”。
D．As long as
解析：选 C 既然作者已经意识到了吸烟的危害，于是他开始控制吸烟的量。as if“好
像”；even if“即使”；now that“既然”；as long as“只要”。
解析：选 A 从后文“I'm not smoking every day, and not spending as much money.”
解析：选 Bbreak down“(机器等)出故障；(身体)垮掉；失败”；cut down“减少；消
减”；turn off“关掉(电源等)”；cut off“切断”。由于作者意识到了吸烟的危害，所以尽
解析：选 D 既然烟吸得少了，钱自然能节省一些。
解析：选 C 根据前文可知，作者做好了回到学校的准备，并想要好好表现，所以此处
解析：选 A 根据后文的“and how it solves problems”可知，有的人在鼓吹吸烟的
解析：选 A 结合前文作者对吸烟的危害的亲身体验以及后文的“Marijuana is not
good for your body or your brain.”可知，作者现在意识到吸烟只会带来危害。
解析：选 C 作者意在警告人们注意吸烟所带来的危害。dangerous 意为“危险的”，符
19．A.in the beginning
B．in the distance
C．in the long run
D．in the past
解析：选 Cin the beginning“起初；首先”；in the distance“在远处”；in the long
run“从长远来看”；in the past“在过去”。根据后文的 long?term negative effects“长
期的消极影响”可知选 C 项。
解析：选 D 作者写这篇文章的目的在于让大家知道他的经历。share sth. with sb.
When it comes to the TV, there will be different word in different people's minds.
Some people think that watch TV is a good way to relax. Firstly, we can broaden our
horizons or know more about the world by watching latest news and reports. Secondly,
watching TV is a good way to kill our spare time. Finally, we can predict that may
happen in the future and be prepared.
Therefore, every coin has its two sides. There is also disadvantages of watching
TV. Not only do it do harm to our eyesight, but it also has a bad affect on our studies
and everyday life. Definitely, TV plays a big role in our life. We should treat to
it in a right way.
第三句：or→and; watching 后加 the
第八句：第一个 do→does; affect→effect
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