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句子成分分析练习


句子成份分析练习
(一 ). 指出下列句中主语( 4 分, 4 分钟) ① The teacher with two of his students is walking into the classroom. ② There is an old man coming here. ③ The useful dictionary was given by my mother last year. ④ To do today's homework without the teacher's help is very difficult. (二 )选出句中谓语的中心词( 10 分, 10 分钟) ① I don't like the picture on the wall. A.don't B. like C. picture D. wall

② The days get longer and longer when summer comes. A.get B. longer C.days D.summer

③ Do you usually go to school by bus? A.Do B. usually C.go D. bus ④ There will be a meeting at the library this afternoon. A. will be B. meeting C. the library D.afternoon

⑤ Did the twins have porridge for their breakfast? A.DidB. twinsC. have D.breakfast ⑥ Tom didn't do his homework yesterday. A.Tom B. didn't C. do D. his homework ⑦ What I want to tell you is this. A.want B. to tell C.youD. is ⑧ We had better send for a doctor. A.We B. had C. send D.doctor

⑨ He is interested in music. A.is B. interested C. in D. music ⑩ Whom did you give my book to? A.give B.did C.whom D. book (三 )挑出下列句中的宾语( 10 分, 10 分钟) ① My brother hasn't done his homework. ② People all over the world speak English. ③ You must pay good attention to your pronunciation. ④ How many new words did you learn last class? ⑤ Some of the students in the school want to go swimming, how about you? ⑥ The old man sitting at the gate said he was ill. ⑦ They made him monitor of the class. ⑧ Go across the bridge and you will find the museum on the left. ⑨ You will find it useful after you leave school. ⑩ They didn't know who "Father Christmas" really is. (四 )挑出下列句中的表语( 5 分, 5 分钟) ① The old man was feeling very tired. ② Why is he worried about Jim? ③ The leaves have turned yellow. ④ Soon They all became interested in the subject. ⑤ She was the first to earn about it.

(五 )挑出下列句中的定语( 6 分, 6 分钟) ① They use Mr, Mrs with the family name. ② What is your given name? ③ On the third lap are Class 1 and Class 3. ④ I am afraid some people forgot to sweep the floor. ⑤ The man downstairs was trying to sleep. ⑥ I am waiting for the sound of the other shoe! (六 )挑出下列句中的宾语补足语( 6 分, 6 分钟) ① She likes the children to read newspapers and books in the reading-room. ② He asked her to take the boy out of school. ③ She found it difficult o do the work. ④ They call me Lily sometimes. ⑤ Isaw Mr Wang get on the bus. ⑥ Did you see Li Ming playing football on the playground just now? (七 )挑出下列句中的状语( 8 分, 8 分钟) ① There was a big smile on her face. ② Every night he heard the noise upstairs. ③ He egan to learn English when he was eleven. ④ The man on the motorbike was travelling too fast. ⑤ With the medicine box nder her arm, Miss Li hurried off. ⑥ She loves the library because she loves books. ⑦ I am afraid that if you've lost it, you must pay for it. ⑧ The students followed Uncle Wang to see the other machine. (八 )划出句中的直接宾语和间接宾语 ( 5 分, 5 分钟) ① Please tell us a story. ② My father bought a new bike for me last week. ③ Mr Li is going to teach us history next term. ④ Here is a pen.Give itto Tom. ⑤ Did he leave any message for me? 答案 (一 )① teacher ② man ③ dictionary ④ Todo (二 )① B ② A ③ C ④ A ⑤ C⑥ C ⑦ D⑧ C⑨ A ⑩ A (三 )① homework. ② English. ③ attention ④ words ⑤ togo swimming ⑥ he was ill. ⑦ him monitor ⑧ bridgemuseum ⑨ it school. ⑩ who"Father Christmas"really is. (四 )① tired. ② worried ③ yellow. ④ interested ⑤ thefirst (五 )① family ② given ③ third ④ some ⑤ downstairs ⑥ of the other shoe! (六 )① toread newspapers and books ② totake the boy ③ difficult ④ Lily ⑤ get on the bus ⑥ playing football (七 )① on her face. ② Everynight ③ when he was eleven. ④ too fast. ⑤ With the medicine box under herarm ⑥ because she loves books. ⑦ if you’velost it ⑧ to see the other machine. (八 )① us, 间接宾语 a story, 直接宾语 ② me, 间接宾语 a new bike, 直接宾语 ③ us, 间接宾语 history, 直接宾语 ④ Tom, 间接宾语 it, 直接宾语 ⑤ me, 间接宾语 message, 直接宾语


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