I. Analysis of the teaching material
The material is Warming Up in Unit 1 Friendship from PEP NSEEFC Module 1. The topic of this unit is friends and friendship. The unit 1 examines different kind of friendship. It's not only explores friendship between people but also pays particular attention to the friendship one can develop with oneself. In the other words, it shows how a person find comfort and support with an imaginary friend. In these reading from The Diary of Anne Frank, students will see how a lonely and frightened teenager copes with a very unusually stressful situation.She dose this by confiding in Kitty, the name of her diary. Anne didn't want to set a series of facts in diary as most people do, but she want her diary to be her friend. So Anne called her diary Kitty. She examines her problems and tries to find a way to deal with them. The purpose of the Warming Up section is to introduce the topic to the students in an interesting way, to remind them of what they have already known and let them think about it. To "warm up" means to do a bit of preparation for a large learning task.
II. Teaching important and difficult points
Teaching important points: 1. Use the given adjectives and sentence structures to describe one of your friends. 2. Learn to evaluate friends and friendship. Teaching difficult points: 1. Work together with partners and describe one of your good friends. 2. Discuss with partners and find out ways to solve the problems.
III. Teaching Aims
1. Language objectives I (don’t) think…… I (don’t) think so. I (don’t) agree. I believe…… That’s correct. In my opinion, …… 2. ability objectives a. To encourage students to think and talk about friends and friendship by using some phrases and structures. b. To learn to solve problems that may occur between friends. c. To cultivate the students to form the good habit of learning English in Senior Middle School.
IV. Teaching Methods
Task-based teaching and learning
V. Analysis of the learners
The students in my class are of different levels so I should adapt the lesson to
each of them and try to solve different kinds of problems which may appear in the lesson. So I often use some activities in the class to finish some tasks such as individual, pair or group work to let each of them have more chances to practice English and involve actively in the lesson, thus to make some improvement .
VI. Teaching Aids
Multimedia devices and PPT document
VII. Teaching procedures:
Step 1 Lead-in and Warming-up Activity 1: Before the lesson, the teacher can arouse the students’ interests by showing a video of Auld Lang Syne . Step 2 warming Activity 1: Brainstorming. What qualities should a good friend have? Outgoing; humorous; friendly; clever; kinder-hearted; open-minded; patient; intelligent; easy-going ......... Activity 2: ask the students to use the adjective above to tell the class his or her friend in one or two sentence. Activity 3: Give a brief description of one of your friends. The following phrases and structures may be helpful: His/Her name is …… He /She is …… years old. He /She likes …… and dislikes …… He /She enjoys …… and hates…… He /She is very kind/friendly/…… When /Where we got to know each other. Avtivity 4: What types of friendship do you have? Please tick them out. Then fill in the blanks. girl friends boy friends pen friends long -distance friends friends of the same age e-friends (friends over the internet) friends across generations unusual friends like animals, books…… 1).______ is /are most important to you. 2). You spend most of your free time with ____. 3). You will share your secrets with _____. 4). When in trouble, you will first turn to _____. Step 3 Make a survey Do the survey in the textbook. Have the students score their survey according to the scoring sheet on page 8. The teacher ask some students how many points they got for the survey and assess their values of friendship:
★ 4~7 points: You are not a good friend. You either neglect your friend’s needs or just do what he/she wants you to do. You should think more about what a good friend needs to do. ★ 8~12 points: You are a good friend but you sometimes let your friendship become too important, or you fail to show enough concern for your friend’s needs and feelings. Try to strike a balance between your friend’s needs and your own responsibilities. ★ 13+ points: You are an excellent friend who recognizes that to be a good friend you need balance your needs and your friend’s. Well done. (You may also show your students the results above and let themselves self-reflect upon their own values of friendship) Step 4 Talking and sharing( work in pairs) Acyivity 1: If your best friend does something wrong, what will you do? Try to use the following phrases: I (don’t) think…… I (don’t) think so. I (don’t) agree. I believe…… That’s correct. In my opinion, …… What to do reasons Activity 2: What is a friend? A British newspaper once offered a prize for the best definition of a friend. If you were the editor, choose the best one from the following entries, and explain why. One who understands my silence. A friend in need is a friend indeed. Friends are just the people who share your happiness and sorrow. When you look at your watch at 4 am, but still know you can call them and wake them up, and they’ll still want to talk to you ,that’s friendship. To have a friend, you need to be a good friend. Step 5 Group work (output) The teacher can give each group one of these questions below to talk about. Then let the class share their ideas. It’s better to stimulate the students to express their own opinions about these questions. 1. Do you think it is a good idea to borrow money from your friend?Why and Why not? What factors may cause the breakdown of a good friendship? 2. What can be your unusual friend besides human beings? And why? Step 6 Homework Write down a short passage about your ideas /the factors/your unusual friends. Prepare for the new lesson.
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