----介词考点 介词考点 ◆典型陷阱题分析◆ 1. "You went late _______ the stadium yesterday evening, didn't you?" "Yes, my wife was a little late _______ the supper." A. to, with B. for, with C. for, for D. at, for 【陷阱】容易误选 B 或 D。 【分析】 答案应选 A。 第一空填 to 比较好理解， 因为此处的 late 为副词， 用以修饰 go to the stadium 中的动词 go；而第二句的 with 则是许多同学不容易想到的，相反，更多地可能是 想到 for，现将两者区别如下：be late for 表示做某事迟到，而 be late with 表示做某事做晚 了(=be late in doing sth)。比较： We were late for dinner. 我们吃饭迟到了。 We were late with dinner [=in having dinner]. 我们吃饭吃得迟。 句中 my wife was a little late with the supper 的意思是"我妻子准备晚饭稍迟了一点"。 2. We were all worried over _______ you were sick. A. that B. which C. what D. the fact that 【陷阱】容易误选 A 或 B。 【分析】答案应选 D。按英语习惯，除 except, but 等极个别介词外，英语介词后通常不能 直接跟 that 从句作宾语。遇此情况，通常是在 that 从句前加上 the fact，此时 the fact 用 作介词宾语，而其后 that 从句则用作 the fact 的同位语。请看类似试题（答案选均 D） ： (1) They knew nothing about ______ he was a thief. A. that B. which C. what D. the fact that (2) She must face up to _______ she is no longer young. A. that B. which C. what D. the fact that (3) What he said at the meeting referred to _______ he was interested in the project. A. that B. which C. what D. the fact that (4) Their belief is proved by the fact that the death penalty prevents murder. A. that B. which C. what D. the fact that (5) The writer is not satisfied with _______ buses are too crowded. A. that B. which C. what D. the fact that 3. Sometimes our opinions differ _______ what we choose to observe and how we deal with what we've observed A. which B. since C. because D. because of 【陷阱】容易误选 C。因为按英语语法习惯，because 是连词，其后接句子；而 because of 是复合介词，其后接名词、代词或动名词等。
【分析】此题答案选 D。because 作为从属连词，主要用于引导原因状语从句，既然是引导 一个从句，也就是说它的后面不能再连用"引导词"。如： He was angry because we were late. 他很生气因为我们迟到了。 They can't have gone out because the light is on. 他们不可能出去了，因为灯还亮着。 Bread is cheap in this supermarket because they bake it themselves.这家超市的面包是自制的， 所以便宜。 假若， 一个从句已经有了自己的"引导词"， 那么它前面就不宜再用 because 这个连词了。 如： She got angry because of what you said. 她哭是因为你说的话。 句中的 what 相当于 the thing that，也就是说 what you said 相当于 the thing that you said。 其中 the thing 用作 because of 的宾语，而 that you said 为修饰 the thing 的定语从句。 He lost his job because of how he treated his boss. 他因为对老板的态度(不好)而丢了工作。 句中的 how 相当于 the way in which，也就是说 how he treated his boss 相当于 the way in which he treated his boss。其中 the way 用作 because of 的宾语，而 in which he treated his boss 为修饰 the way 的定语从句。 4. "How long have you been an actor?" "_______ 1995, when I graduated from college." A. After B. In C. From D. Since 【陷阱】几个干扰项均有可能误选。 【分析】最佳答案为 D。若仅从答句来看，四个答案都说得过去。但若结合问句的语境以答 案应选 D，因为其余三选项填入空格均不能回答问句所提出的问题。比较： "When did you became an actor?" "_______ 2008, when I graduated from college." A. After B. In C. From D. Since 此题选 B，因为问句问的是 when(何时)，所以用 in 2008 来回答便顺理成章。 请再看两题： (1) "How long have you worked on the farm?" "____ the end of last year." A. In B. By C. At D. Since 答案选 D，用 since the end of last year 回答 how long，即问句问"工作了多久"，答句说"自 去年年底至今"。 (2) "How long will you work on the farm?" "____ the end of next year." A. In B. By C. At D. Since 答案选 B，问句问"将工作多久"，答句说"工作明年明底"。 (3) "When did you leave the farm?" "____ the end of last year." A. In B. By C. At D. Since 答案选 C，问句问"何时离开"，答句说"去年明底离开"。 5. Don't be angry _______ me for not having written. I was really too busy. A. about B. with C. to D. for 【陷阱】容易误选 B。根据汉语的"对某人生气"，将其中的"对"直译为 to。 【分析】最佳答案为 B。按英语习惯，要表示对某人生气，通常用 be angry with [at] sb，要 表示对某事生气，通常用 be angry at [about] sth(在美国英语中也用 be angry with sth，但不
说 be angry with sb)。比较以下表达，其中的"对"也不用 to 来翻译： 你对这些安排感到满意吗? 误：Did you feel satisfied to the arrangements? 正：Did you feel satisfied with the arrangements? 老师应该对他的学生严格要求。 误：Teachers should be strict to their students. 正：Teachers should be strict with their students. 6. In those days, we had no phones, so we have to keep in touch _____ writing often. A. with B. of C. on D. by 【陷阱】容易误选 A。根据 keep in touch with (与……保持联系)这一常用搭配推出。 【分析】正确答案是 D。by 在这里表示方式，by writing 意为"通过写信"，全句意为"我们 通过经常写信保持联系"。请再看几例(均与介词搭配有关)： (1) We've talked a lot _______ films. How _____ television now? A. of, with B. with, towards C. about, about D. for, about 此题不要受 a lot of 的影响而误选 A。若第一空选 of，a lot of cars 即为动词 talk 的宾语， 但实际上动词 talk 是不及物动词，不能后接宾语。最佳答案应是 C，句中的 a lot 是修饰动 词 talked 的状语，talk about 才是一个动词短语。 全句意为"我们对电影已谈了不少，现在 谈谈电视怎么样?" What about…意为"……怎么样"，用于征求意见。 (2) We all regarded the poor old man ____sympathy. A. as B. with C. of D. by 有的同学一看到句中的 regard 和选项中的 as，马上就联想到 regard … as … (把……当 作……)这一搭配，从而断定此题应选 A。但是错了，原因是将此搭配套入原句，句子意思 不通。正确答案是 B，句意为"我们大家都很同情这位老人"。 ◆精编题训练◆ 1. So far, several ships have been reported missing _______ the coast of Bermuda Island. A. off B. along C. on D. around 2. "How long have you stayed in this hotel?" "Not long, just ______ this Monday." A. on B. since C. until D. after 3. The lift in that tall building went wrong and got trapped _____ floors. People in it had no way to get out. A. in B. between C. among D. on 4. "What a terrible rain we are having!" "Yes. We are asked to pay more attention to the information about the rain ______ flood." A. as well as B. so long as C. because of D. in case of 5. _____ their inexperience, they've done a good job. A. Given B. Supposed
C. Considered D. Concluded 6. They promise that the work would all be finished _____ next week. A. until B. in C. by D. to 7. _______ reading the letter, what has he done? A. Because of B. Except C. Besides D. But for 8. "How did the robber get in?" "______ an open window on the first floor." A. Past B. From C. Over D. Through 9. She knew nothing about his journey _______ he was likely to be away for three months. A. Except B. except for C. except that D. in addition 10. He usually goes to work by bike _______ it rains. A .except B. except when C. except for D. except that 11. I found the island a wonderful place for our experiments _______ the hot weather. A. besides B. except for C. except D. except that 12. ______ the weather, we had a pleasant time. A. Except B. Except for C. But D. Besides 13. He always did well at school ______ having to do part-time jobs every now and then. A. in spite of B. instead of C. in case of D. in favor of 14. As it was almost time for the flight, all the passengers got ______ the plane. A. around B. abroad C. aboard D. ahead 【答案与解析】 1. 选 A。off 用作介词时可表示距离，此时尤其用于指距离某一大路或靠近某海面。又如： Our house is about 20 meters off the main road. 我们家离大路大约有 20 米远。 The ship anchored a mile off the coast. 轮船抛锚停泊在离海岸 1 英里的地方。 2. 选 B。此答句为省略句，补充完整为：I've stayed in this hotel since this Monday. 3. 选 B。between floors 指在两层楼之间。类例地，以下各例也选 between： Don't eat anything ______ meals if you want to lose weight. 4. 选 D。复合介词 in case of 有两个意思，一是表示条件，意为"如果"；二是表示目的，意 为"以防"。如： In case of fire, call 119. 万一失火，就打 119 电话。 Take an umbrella with you in case of rain. 带把雨伞，以防下雨。 5. 选 A，given 在此用作介词，意为"考虑到"。又如：Given the low price, I decided to buy it. 考虑到价格很低，我决定把它买下。 6. 选 C，by 意为"最迟到……之前，到……的时候已经"。类例地，下面一题也选 by： The train leaves at 6:00 p.m. So I have to be at the station _______5:40 p.m. at the latest.
A. until B. after C. around D. by 7. 选 C。besides 意为"除……之外，还"。又如： He has another car besides this. 除了这辆车外，他还有一辆。 Besides being a teacher, he was a poet. 除了是位教师外，他还是位诗人。 Did he do anything besides hitting you? 除了打你之外，他还有没有别的什么举动? 8. 选 D。through 意为"穿过，贯穿，经过，透过"。又如： The train ran through the tunnel. 火车穿过隧道。 I saw you through the window. 我是透过窗子看到你的。 9. 选 C。在四个选项中，只有 except that 后可接句子。 10. 选 B。except when 和 except that 后均可接句子，但前者含"当……的时候"的意思，而 后者则没有这个意思。 11. 选 B。except 与 except for 的区别是：前者主要用来谈论同类的东西；后者主要用来谈 论不同类的东西，在说明情况后作细节上的修正，有时含有惋惜之意。 12. 选 B， except 和 except for 均可表示排除， 但若是表示谈论不同类的对象， 通常用 except for。另外，except 通常不用于句首。 13. 选 A。比较：in spite of=虽然，尽管…仍；instead of=代替，取而代之；in case of=假设， 万一；in favour of=赞同，有利于。 14. 选 C。aboard 用作介词时意思"在(船、飞机、车)上"、"上(船、飞机、车)"。 ---定语从句与强调句 1. The factory was built in a secret place, around _________ high mountains. A. which was B. it was C. which were D. them were 【陷阱】容易误选 A 或 B，将 A、B 中的 which 和 it 误认为是其后句子的主语。 【分析】最佳答案是 C，around which were high mountains 是一个由"介词+which"引出的非 限制性定语从句，而在该从句中，主语是 high mountains，around which 是表语，所以句子 谓语应用复数 were，而不是用单数 was。请做以下类例题目（答案均为 C） ： (1) Yesterday we visited a modern hospital, around _________ some fruit shops. A. which is B. it is C. which are D. them are (2) The murder happened in an old building, beside _________ the city police station. A. which are B. it is C. which is D. them are (3) Next month we'll move to a new building, next to _________ a nice restaurants where we can have Chinese food. A. which are B. it is C. which is D. them are 2. A man with a bleeding hand hurried in and asked, "Is there a hospital around _________ I can get some medicine for my wounded hand?" A. that B. which C. where D. what 【陷阱】容易误选 B，认为 around 是介词，选 which 用以代替前面的名词 hospital，在 此用作介词 around 的宾语。 【分析】最佳答案为 C。以上语法分析并不算错，但问题是，照此分析，此句的意思即为： 有没有这样一个医院，我在它的附近可以买药治我的手伤？这样的语境显然有点不合情理， 因为人们通常是在医院里面治伤，而不是在医院附近治伤。此题选 C 的理由是：句中的 around 不是介词，而是副词，意为"在附近"；其后的 where 引导定语从句用以修饰其前的 地点名词 hospital，句意为：附近有没有一家医院，我可以去治我的手伤？
3. David is such a good boy _________ all the teachers like. A. that B. who C. as D. whom 【陷阱】此题容易误选 A，许多同学一看到题干中的 such，再联系到选项中的 that，便认 为这是考查 such … that …句式。况且，这样理解意思也还通顺。 【分析】最佳答案为 C，不是 A，因为在 such … that … (如此……以至……)结构中，that 引导的是结果状语从句，并且 that 在从句中不充当句子成分，若在上句填入 such … that …， 句末的动词 like 缺宾语。 C 的理由如下： 用作关系代词， 选 as 用以引导定语从句， 修饰其前的名词 boy，同时 as 在定语从句中用作动词 like 的宾语，句意为"所有老师都喜 欢的一位好男孩"。有的同学可能还会问，假若选 A，能否将其后的 that 视为引导定语从句 的关系代词呢？不能， 因为当先行词受到 such 的修饰时， 其后的定语从句应用关系代词 as 来引导，而不用 that。比较下面一题，答案为 A，因为 like 后有自己的宾语 him： David is such a good boy _________ all the teachers like him. A. that B. who C. as D. whom 请再做以下试题（答案选 D） ： It was not such a good dinner _________ she had promised us. A. like B. that C. which D. as 4. The buses, most of _________ were already full, were surrounded by an angry crowd. A. that B. it C. them D. which 【陷阱】容易误选 C，用 them 代指 the buses。 【分析】 最佳答案是 D。 most of which were already full 为非限制性定语从句， 修饰 the buses。 类似地，以下各题也选 D： (1) His house, for _________ he paid $10, 000, is now worth $50, 000. A. that B. it C. them D. which (2) Ashdown forest, through _________ we'll be driving, isn't a forest any longer. A. that B. it C. them D. which (3) This I did at nine o'clock, after _________ I sat reading the paper. A. that B. it C. them D. which 类似地，以下各题选 whom，不选 them： (4) George, with _________ I played tennis on Sundays, was a warm-hearted person. A. that B. him C. them D. whom (5) Her sons, both of _________ work abroad, will come back home this summer. A. that B. who C. them D. whom (6) I met the fruit-pickers, several of _________ were still university students. A. that B. who C. them D. whom 5. He had a lot of friends, only a few of _________ invited to his wedding. A. whom B. them C. which D. who 【陷阱】容易误选 A，认为这是非限制性定语从句。 【分析】最佳答案是 B，这不是非限制性定语从句，而是一个独立主格结构，因为空格后的 动词 invited 并不是一个完整的谓语，而是一个过去分词。当然，假若在 invited 前加上助 动词 were，则是一个非限制性定语从句，答案便应选 A。比较： (1) They put forward a lot of plans at the meeting, none of _________ carried out in their work.
A. which B. them C. what D. that 答案选 B， none of them carried out in their work 是独立主格结构， 其中的 carried out 为过去 分词。 (2) They put forward a lot of plans at the meeting, none of _________ were carried out in their work. A. which B. them C. what D. that 答案选 A，none of them were carried out in their work 是非限制性定语从句，注意与上例比较 句中多了一个助动词 were。 (3) They put forward a lot of plans at the meeting, but none of _________ were carried out in their work. A. which B. them C. what D. that 答案选 B，由于两句之间增加了一个并列连词 but，使得该句成了一个并列句。 6. On Sundays there were a lot of children playing in the park, _________ parents seated together joking. A. their B. whose C. which D. that 【陷阱】容易误选 B，认为这是非限制性定语从句。 【分析】最佳答案是 A。与上面一题相似，their parents seated together joking 不是非限制性 定语从句，而是一个独立主格结构，因为空格后的动词 seated 不是谓语，而是一个过去分 词，因为 seat 作动词用时，是及物动词。比较以下相似题： (1) On Sundays there were a lot of children playing in the park, _________ parents were seated together joking. A. their B. whose C. which D. that 选 B。whose parents were seated together joking 为非限制性定语从句，因为其后有完整的谓 语 were seated。 (2) On Sundays there were a lot of children playing in the park, and _________ parents were seated together joking. A. their B. whose C. which D. that 选 A。因为句中有并列连词 and，整个句子为并列句。 (3) On Sundays there were a lot of children playing in the park, _________ parents sitting together joking. A. their B. whose C. which D. that 选 A。their parents sitting together joking 为独立主格结构。 (4) On Sundays there were a lot of children playing in the park, _________ parents sat together joking. A. their B. whose C. which D. that 选 B。whose parents sat together joking 为非限制性定语从句，因为句中有完整的谓语 sat。 (5) On Sundays there were a lot of children playing in the park, _________ parents were sitting together joking. A. their B. whose C. which D. that 选 B。whose parents were sitting together joking 为非限制性定语从句，因为句中有完整的谓 语 were sitting。 7. If the man is only interested in your looks, _________ just shows how shallow he is.
A. as B. which C. what D. that 【陷阱】容易误选 A 或 B，误这是非限制性定语从句。 【分析】 正确答案为 D， 注意逗号前是一个条件状语从句， 逗号后是该状语从句的主句， that 在此代表前文所述的情况， 用作主句的主语。 类似地， 下面几道题也选 that， 而不选 which： (1) If you promise to go with us, _________ will be OK. A. as B. which C. and it D. that (2) If you want a double room, _________ will cost another ￡15. A. as B. which C. what D. that (3) Whether you go or not, _________ is quite all right with me. A. that B. which C. and it D. so (4) When I say two hours, _________ includes time for eating. A. as B. which C. what D. that 典型高考英语陷阱题详解-强调句 1. "How was _________ they discovered the entrance to the underground palace?" "Totally by chance." A. it that B. he that C. it when D. he which 【陷阱】几个干扰项均可能误选。 【分析】答案选 A，为强调句的特殊疑问句形式，其相应的陈述句形式为： It was totally by chance that they discovered the entrance to the underground palace. 比较以下各题，它们也属强调句的特殊疑问句形式： (1) Who was it _________ saved the drowning girl? A. since B. as C. that D. he 答案选 C，被强调成分为 who，该句实为类似 It was Tom that saved the drowning girl. 这类 强调句的特殊疑问句形式（即对其中的 Tom 提问而得） 。 (2) What is it _________ his daughter needs most? A. what B. which C. that D. if 答案选 C，被强调成分为 what，该句实为类似 It is a bike that his daughter needs most. 这类 强调句的特殊疑问句形式（即对其中的 a bike 提问而得） 。 2. "Where did you find the professor who made the speech yesterday?" "It was in the hall _________ the students often have a meeting." A. where B. which C. that D. when 【陷阱】很可能误选 C，认为这是一个强调句，强调地点状语 in the hall。 【分析】假若选 C，即有 It was in the hall that the students often have a meeting，该句的意思 是"学生们通常是在大厅开会"，单独看这一句，无论是其意思还是其语法均未错，但若将其 与上文联系起来看， 则不通， 因为上文的意思是"你是在哪儿找到昨天作报告的那位教授的?" 假若将答句改为 It was in the hall that I found the professor，则完全可以。 其实，此题的最佳答案是 A，where the students often have a meeting 为定语从句，用以修饰 其前的名词 the hall， 句意为"是在学生们经常开会的那个大厅(找到教授的)"， 这样语意就通 顺了。 3. It was what he meant rather than what he said _________ annoyed me.
A. which B. as C. what D. that 【陷阱】几个干扰项均有可能误选。 【分析】 此题为一个强调句型， 空格处应填 that (即选 D)， 被强调成分为 what he meant rather than what he said。句意为"让我生气的不是他说的话，而是他话中的意思"。请再看两例： (1) It was his nervousness in the interview _________ probably lost him the job. A. which B. since C. that D. what 答案选 C，为强调句型，被强调成分为 his nervousness in the interview，句意为"很可能是面 试时表现出紧张，使他失去了这份工作"。 (2) It is the ability to do the job _________ matters not where you come from or what you are. A. one B. that C. what D. it 答案选 B，为强调句型，被强调成分为 the ability to do the job，句意为"重要的是你做工作 的能力，而不是你来自何地或你是从事什么工作的"。 4. It was in the small house _________ was built with stones by his father _________ he spent his childhood. A. which, that B. that, which C. which, which D. that, where 【陷阱】几个干扰项均有可能误选，主要是分不清为强调句型，或即使分清为强调句型，也 分不清强调哪一个成分。 【分析】答案选 A，第一空填 which，用以引导定语从句；第二空填 that，为强调句的结构 词，被强调部分为 in the small house (以及修饰它的定语从句 which was built with stones by his father)。此题难就难在强调句型中套用了定语从句。请再看类似例子： (1) It was the boy _________ had been in prison _________ stole the money. A. who, where B. that, how C. who, that D. that, which 此题答案选 C，全句为强调句，被强调成分是 the boy (以及修饰它的定语从句 who had been in prison)。 (2) It was just in the room _________ he was born _________ he died. A. where, which B. that, that C. where, that D. which, that 此题答案选 C，全句为强调句，被强调成分是 in this room，where he was born 为修饰 the room 的定语从句。 5. "Was it under the tree _________ you were away talking to a friend?" "Sure. But when I got back there, the bike was gone. A. that B. where C. which D. while 【陷阱】此题很容易误选 A，认为这是强调句型。 【分析】 其实此题应选 D。 做好此题的关键是正确理解上下文的语境。 在此句中， 是代词， it 指代 the bike，句意为："当你离开去同朋友谈话的时候，你的自行车是在这树下吗?""当然， 但当我回来时，自行车就不见了。"现在反过来分析一下，假若选 A，将此句判为强调句， 句子即为 Was it under the tree that you were away talking to a friend? 若进一步转换为非强调 句，句子则为 Under the tree while you were talking to a friend，句意显然很荒唐。 6. It's more than half a century _________ my grandfather joined the Party and became a servant to the people.
A. when B. that C. since D. while 【陷阱】容易误选 B，认为这是强调句型。 【分析】假若选 B，将此句分析为强调句，那么若将此句还原为非强调句就应该是 My grandfather joined the Party and became a servant to the people more than half a century. 很显然, 句中的 more than half a century 是一段时间，然而它修饰的谓语动词 joined…became 却是 两个终止性动词，这显然不合适。其实，此题应选 C，属于"It is＋一段时间＋since 从句" 句型，句意为"我爷爷加入党组织成为人民的公仆已有半个多世纪了"。此句的主句谓语也可 以用现在完成时态(has been)，但在口语中多用一般现在时代替。 7. It was lack of money, not of effort, _________ defeated their plan. A. which B. as C. that D. what 【陷阱】容易误选 A，受空格前逗号的影响，误认为这是一个非限制性定语从句，从而误选 了 A。 【分析】其实，此题最佳答案为 C，整个句子为强调句，被强调成分为 lack of money, not of effort。由于句中插入 not of effort 这一结构，干扰了许多同学对 it was lack of money that defeated their plan 这一强调句的认识和理解。 专业资料网 整理 豆丁 http://www.docin.com/mydoc-23291971-1.html 淘花 http://www.taohua.com/shop/shop_home-11044.htm 资料下载服务 http://shop63722862.taobao.com/
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