一、句子成分 （一）专项练习 1. 划出下列句中主语 ① The teacher with two of his students is walking into the classroom. ② There is an old man coming here. ③ The useful dictionary was given by my mother last year. ④ To do today's homework without the teacher's help is very difficult. 2. 划出句中谓语 A. ① I don't like the picture on the wall. ② The days get longer and longer when summer comes. ③ Do you usually go to school by bus? ④ There will be a meeting at the library this afternoon. ⑤ Did the twins have porridge for their breakfast? ⑥ Tom didn't do his homework yesterday. ⑦ What I want to tell you is this. ⑨ He is interested in music. B. ① Come to the blackboard, Tom. ② The old man must be sent to hospital at once. ③ Daddy, what happened last night? ④ Don’t forget to bring your dictionary here tomorrow. ⑤ The question should be made clear as soon as possible. 3. 划出下列句中的宾语 ① My brother hasn't done his homework. ② People all over the world speak English. ③ You must pay good attention to your pronunciation. ④ How many new words did you learn last class? ⑤ Some of the students in the school want to go swimming, how about you? ⑥ The old man sitting at the gate said he was ill. ⑦ They made him monitor of the class. ⑧ Go across the bridge and you will find the museum on the left. ⑨ You will find it useful after you leave school. ⑩ They didn't know who "Father Christmas" really is. 4. 划出下列句中的表语 ① The old man was feeling very tired. ② Why is he worried about Jim? ③ The leaves have turned yellow. ④ Soon They all became interested in the subject.
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⑧ We had better send for a doctor. ⑩ Whom did you give my book to?
⑤ She was the first to learn about it. 5. 划出下列句中的定语
① They use Mr and Mrs with the family name. ② What is your given name? ③ On the third lap are Class 1 and Class 3. ④ I am afraid some people forgot to sweep the floor. ⑤ The man downstairs was trying to sleep. ⑥ I am waiting for the sound of the other shoe! 6. 划出下列句中的宾语补足语 ① She likes the children to read newspapers and books in the reading-room. ② He asked her to take the boy out of school. ③ She found it difficult to do the work. ④ They call me Lily sometimes. 7. 划出下列句中的状语 ① There was a big smile on her face. ② Every night he heard the noise upstairs. ③ He began to learn English when he was eleven. ④ The man on the motorbike was travelling too fast. ⑤ With the medicine box under her arm, Miss Li hurried off. ⑥ She loves the library because she loves books. ⑦ I am afraid that if you've lost it, you must pay for it. ⑧ The students followed Uncle Wang to see the other machine. 8. 划出句中的直接宾语和间接宾语 ① Please tell us a story. ② My father bought a new bike for me last week. ③ Mr Li is going to teach us history next term. ④ Here is a pen. Give it to Tom. 9. 划出下列句中的同位语 ① MoYan, a famous writer, will come to our school next week. ② The monitor asked us two to go to the teachers’ office. ③ We have two foreign teachers, a Canadian, and an American. ④ They all like sports. ⑤ The news that an earthquake happened in Yunnan made everybody sad. （二）综合练习：指出下列句子划线部分是什么句子成分： 1. The students got on the school bus. 2. He handed me the newspaper. 3. I shall answer your question after class. 4. What a beautiful Chinese painting!
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⑤ I saw Mr Wang get on the bus.
⑥ Did you see Li Ming playing football on the playground just now?
⑤ Did he leave any message for me?
5. They went hunting together early in the morning. 6. His job is to train swimmers. 7. He took many photos of the palaces in Beijing. 8. There is going to be an American film tonight. 9. He found it important to master English. 10. His wish is to become a scientist. 11. Do you have anything else to say? 12. He sat there reading a newspaper. 13. It is our duty to keep our classroom clean and tidy. 14. The cloth (布) feels soft. 15. He saw a man come into the room. 二、简单句类型：划出句子中的修饰成分(定语、状语、同位语、插入语)并判断其类型 1. Last week I went to the nearest supermarket with my parents. 2. The TV play was very interesting. 3. I can’t hear a single word in the dining hall. 4. The excited running players were talking loudly with each other. 5. I never get up early on Sundays. 6. He will take you to the hospital as soon as possible. 7. Such a good chance may never come back again. 8. Worse still, Tom had his newly bought mobile phone stolen on the bus.. 9. My close friend Mary has been working at the dress shop since 1994. 10. The young lady with glasses in blue lived in Japan in 1986. 11. The naughty boy wants to dream a nice dream at night. 12. This is her first trip to Europe. 13. To be frank, I don’t quite agree with you. 14. His success made his parents happy. 15. I looked at the young man and the young woman angrily. 16. We found everything there in good order. 17. I read a few lines carefully, but I didn’t understand a word. 18. My summer holidays passed quickly, but I didn’t send any cards to my friends in the country. 19. I got up early and bought thirty cards. 20. He is working for a big firm and he has already visited a great number of different places in France. 21. He has just bought a car and has gone to Alice Springs, a small town in the centre of Australia. 24. He calls at every house in the street once a month and always asks for a meal and a glass of beer. 25. What he said, to my surprise, has nothing to do with what he did. 三、找出句子的内核成分并判断其类型
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1. The students of Class 3 talked loudly about the sports meet to be held next week. 2. The new plan which was made by our teachers sounds perfect. 3. The kids upstairs happily ate some red apples made in Yantai. 4. The lady with a baby in her arms kindly gave Jack a toy watch to stop him from crying. 5. To her great surprise, she found the naughty children fast asleep on the floor. 四、句子种类：判断下列句子是简单句、并列句还是复合句： 1. We often study Chinese history on Friday afternoon. 2. The boy who offered me his seat is called Tom. 3. There is a chair in this room, isn’t there? 4. Both Tom and Jack enjoy country music. 5. He is in Class One and I am in Class Two. 6. She likes drawing and often draws pictures for the wall newspapers. 7. The future is bright; the road is tortuous. 8. He was fond of drawing when he was yet a child. 9. The farmer is showing the boy how to plant a tree. 10. He was a little man with thick glasses, but he had a strange way of making his classes lively and interesting. 11. To do today's homework without the teacher's help is very difficult. 12. Visitors from southern China will still find Hong Kong more convenient while Shanghai will attract visitors from northern and eastern China， 13. Obama is the fifth US president to visit the Great Wall. 14. Several types of penguins make their home in Antarctica. 15. Talk to your friends and family about global warming. 16. How important it is to stop warming today! 17. The temperature in the wetlands is usually neither too high nor too low. 18. One was a very rich banker， another owned one of the largest companies in the world， and the third owned many buildings in the center of New York. 五、找出下列复合句中的从句 1. What you need is patience. 2. The letter says that they are leaving for Boxing on May 2ed. 3. The problem is whether he will agree to the suggestion or not. 4. Harry Potter is the first English novel that he has read 5. We will go outing if it doesn’t rain tomorrow。 6. This means there will be less and less space for wildlife. 7. All you need are some chairs. 8. Before the music starts again, one chair must be taken away. 9. I don’t think that makes the visitor important. 10. He was really important because he owned many buildings in the center of New York.
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