保密★启用前【考试时间：2012 年 11 月 2 日 15：00—17：00】
绵阳市高中2013级第一次诊断性考试 英 语
本试卷分第 I 卷 （选择题） 和第 II 卷(非选择题)两部分，第 I 卷 1 至 10 页，第 II 卷 10 至 12 页。满分 150 分，考试时间 120 分钟。 注意事项： 1. 答题前，考生务必将自己的学校、班级、姓名、考号用 0.5 毫米的黑色签字笔填写 在答题卡上，并检查条形码粘贴是否正确。 2. 选择题(1-55)使用 2B 铅笔填涂在答题卡对应题目标号的位置上，非选择题用 0.5 毫米 黑色签字笔书写在答题卡的对应题框内，超出答题区域书写的答案无效；在草稿纸、 试题 卷上答题无效。 3. 考试结束以后，将答题卡收回。
第 I 卷（选择题，共90分）
第一部分：英语知识运用(共两节,满分 40 分） 第一节：语法和词汇知识（共 10 小题；每小题 1 分，满分 10 分） 从 A，B, C, D 四个选项中，选出可以填入空白处的最佳选项，并在答题 卡上将该项涂 黑。
1 . — Y e s , thanks. We've just ordered it. A. What can I do for you B. Are you being attended to C. Would you like to order a meal
D. Do you like ordering a meal
Has Jenny finished her essay?
—I don't know. She _________ it this morning. A. was writing B. had written C. wrote D. has written
3. Who is the man talking to the headmaster?
—A professor ______a visit to our school. A. pays C. paid
B. is paying D. paying
They ______have got lost, or had an accident. B. might D. mustn't
A. can C. must
— born in Chicago, the author is most famous for his stories about
New York City. A. Unless
C. Although D. Except
We talked a lot about things and persons ______we remembered in the
school. A. where C. which
B. who D. that
— When shall we go to look at the apartment? it ______day you like; it's all the same to me. B. any D. some
A. one C. another
The American soldiers ______Iraq kissed their family goodbye and
left in a hurry. A. to be sent to B. went to
C. sent to
D. are sent to
Many workers were organized to clear away ______remained of the
World Trade Center. A. those C. what
B. that D. who
The time is not far away ______every road in this city will be packed
with cars. A. as C. which B. when D. until
第二节完形填空（共 20 小题；每小题 1.5 分，满分 30 分）
阅读下面短文，从短文后各题所给的四个选项（A、B、C 和 D)中，选出 可以填入空白 处的最佳选项，并在答题卡上将该项涂黑。
After getting out of the airport, the security guard pointed me to the next taxi in line. Looking into the car I 11 ______ a driver and a passenger. I thought the guy in the passenger seat was probably a 12 ______ driver learning the trade. I threw my 13 ______ in the trunk(行李箱）and held onto my computer bag. As we drove off, I realized that the driver had not 14 ______ the meter(计价器）.I told him that I was 15 ______ going to pay the meter rate and he'd better turn it on if he wants to get 16 ______ .
The passenger told me that there's no need for the meter because it's a 17
rate. I raised my voice and told them that I'd been to 18 ______
before and if he didn't turn on the meter I would 19
pay for the
ride. The driver 20 ______ turned the meter on. The passenger pulled out a card and 21 ______ to tell me that the rate to Tokyo was 6000 JPR. Having 22 ______ used the same hotel in Tokyo for those eight or nine trips, I knew it's only like 1500 JPR. I started telling him 23 ______ that there's no way I'm going to pay 24 JPR. We were getting near the toll (收费站)so I rolled down my window. I 25 ______ I could start shouting at the toll collector for 26 ______ . The driver went through the toll quickly, drove on about a quarter mile past the toll, and pulled over to the 27 ______ of the road. The passenger screamed at me that if I didn't pay, they would 28 ______ me on the side of the road. I 29 ______ back that that's fine but he had to get my bag out of the trunk first. The driver 30 finally got out with my bag.
______ the ______ and
I'm only going to pay 1500
trunk and I
C. reached C. part-time C. clothes C. turned up C. otherwise C. praised C. high C. Malaysia C. delay C. finally C. pretended C. eventually C. honestly C. this C. figured C. price C. right C. beat C. fought C. broke
D. D. D. D. D. D. D. D. D. D. D. D. D. D. D. D. D. D. D. D.
hugged new hat turned down only rewarded reasonable Vietnam refuse gladly applied properly secretly that promised receipt left comfort screamed locked
A. experienced B. ill-willed B. computer B. turned on B. still B. fined B. fixed B. Japan B. hesitate
13. A. bag 14. A. turned off 15. A. even 16. A. paid 17. A. low 18. A. China 19. A. agree
20. A. immediately B. slowly
B. tried B. seldom B. forcefully B. it B. feared B. information B. side B. leave B. ran B. closed
22. A. always 23. A. kindly 24. A. them 25. A. expected 26. A. help 27. A. middle 28. A. kill 29. A. kicked 30. A. opened
第二部分阅读理解（共两节；满分 50 分）
第一节（共 20 小题；每小题 2 分，满分 40 分） 根据短文内容，从每题所给的四个选项（A、B、C和D)中，选出最佳选 项，并在答题卡上将该项涂黑。
A Jerry was the kind of guy you love to hate. He was always in a good mood and always had something positive to say. Seeing this style really made me curious, so one day I went up to Jerry and asked him, “I don't get it! You can't be a positive person all the time. How do you do it?" Jerry replied, "Each morning I wake up and say to myself, 'Jerry, you have two choices today. You can choose to be in a good mood or you can choose to be in a bad mood.' I choose to be in a good mood." “Yeah, right, it's not that easy," I protested. "Yes, it is," Jerry said. "Life is all about choices. When you cut away all the junk, every situation is a choice. Youchoose how you react to situations. You choose how people will affect your mood. You choose to be in a good mood or bad mood. The bottom line: it's your choice how to live life." Several years later, I heard that Jerry did something you are never supposed to do in a restaurant business: he left the back door open one
morning and was held up at gunpoint by three armed robbers. While trying to open the safe, the robbers panicked and shot him. Luckily, Jerry was found immediately and sent to the local hospital. After 18 hours of surgery and weeks of intensive care, Jerry was released from the hospital with fragments of the bullets still in his body. I saw Jerry about six months after the accident. When I asked him about the incident, he replied, "Wanna see my scars?" I declined to see his wounds, but did ask him what had gone through his mind as the robbery took place. "The first thing that came into my mind was that I should have locked the back door," Jerry replied." Then as I lay on the floor, I remembered that I had two choices: I could choose to live, or choose to die. I choose to live. Jerry lived thanks to the skill of his doctors, but also because of his amazing attitude. I learned from him that every day we have the choice to live fully. Attitude, after all, is everything.
Which of the following can best describe Jerry?
A. Kind-hearted. B. Responsible. C. Optimistic. D. Careless.
32. A. B.
What does the underlined phrase "cut away all the junk" mean? Pick up the junk on the ground regularly. Ignore the unnecessary parts of something.
C. D. 33. A. B. C. D. 34.
Choose to be in a good mood. Never be affected by others. Which of the following is true about the robbery? Jerry's house was broken into by six robbers one morning. Jerry tried his best to fight with the six robbers. Jerry lost his consciousness for weeks. Jerry received an immediate operation after the robbery. Which of the following could be the best title?
A. The choice of life. B. Attitude is everything. C. How to live fully. D. An unexpected robbery.
New mothers who read and write blogs (博客）may feel less alone than mothers who do not participate(参与）in a blogging community, according to family studies researchers. "It looks like blogging might be helping these women because they may begin to feel more connected to their extended family and friends, which leads them to feel more supported," said Brandon T. McDaniel, graduate student in human development and family studies at Penn State. McDaniel and colleagues from Brigham Young University surveyed 157 new mothers about their media use and. their happiness. The moms were all first-time parents with only one child under the age of 18 months
~ most much younger than this. The researchers report in the online version of Maternal and Child Health Journal that blogging had a positive impact (影响）on new mothers, but social networking — mainly Facebook and MySpace -- did not seem to impact them. "We're not saying that those who end up feeling more supported all of a sudden no longer have stresses, they're still going to have those stressful moments you have as a parent," said McDaniel. "But because they're feeling more supported, their thoughts and their feelings about that stress might change, and they begin to feel less stressed about those things." McDaniel pointed out several potential benefits for new mothers who blog, including giving moms both a way to connect with family and friends who do not live nearby and an outlet to use and show their hobbies and accomplishments, particularly for stay-at-home moms. Because this is one of the first studies to look at the effects of participation in online communities on new mothers, McDaniel noted that there is not enough information collected yet to determine how or why blogging and social networking have markedly different impacts on new moms. However, this study demonstrated that mothers who blogged frequently show stronger connections to their family and friends. That possibility is going to have some other profound influences on them,
including their relationship with their husband, the ways that they're feeling about their parenting stress, and eventually into their levels of depression.
35. A. B. C. D. 36. A. B. C. D. 37.
What does the underline part "these women" in paragraph 1 refer to? Mothers who read and write blogs. Mothers who do not participate in a blogging community. New mothers who read and write blogs. New mothers who like using Facebook. Which of the following people might have been surveyed? Kate, who is a mother of a 6-year-old boy. Betty, who is going to be a mother. Joe, who is a mother of a 5-month-old boy and a 2-year-old girl. Susan, who is a mother of a 6-month-old boy. Which of the following is true about blogging according to the
Stay-at-home moms benefit more from Blogging. Blogging and social networking share the same effect on new
New mothers who blog are completely free of stresses. Blogging provides new mothers with a good place to show their
38. A. B. C. D.
What can be concluded from this study? Men play an important role in bringing up their children. Modern technology does more harm than good to mothers. It's important for mothers to feel connected and supported in life. Mothers of more children feel less stressed than those with only one
child. C The smart job-seeker needs to rid themselves of several standard myths about interviewing before they start looking for a job. What follows is a list of some of these untruths and some tips to help you do your best at your next interview.
Myth 1: The aim of interviewing is to obtain a job offer.
Only half true. The real aim of an interview is to obtain the job you want. That often means reject job offers you don't want! Unskilled job-seekers, however, become so used to accommodating employers' expectations that they often easily qualify for jobs they don't want. So before you hand in your resignation, be sure you want the new one.
Myth 2: Try to control the interview.
Nobody controls an interview, neither you nor the interviewer, although one or both parties often try. When somebody tries to control us, we hate
it. When we try to control somebody, he makes us feel uncomfortable. Remember, you can't control what an employer thinks of you, just as he can't control what you think of him. So hang loose when interviewing, or you may give people the impression that you are not believable.
Myth 3: ______ ______
Another silly myth. If you don't disagree at times, you become, in effect
，a “yes’， woman. Don't be afraid to disagree with your
interviewer in an agreeable way. And don't hesitate to change your mind. The worst that could happen would be that the interviewer says to himself, "There is a person with an open mind!” The conventional wisdom says "be yourself，，true enough. But how many people can be themselves if they don't feel free to disagree? Click here to get more silly myths and useful suggestions.
39. A. B. C. D.
What is this passage trying to tell us? Some accepted advice about interviewing is actually not true. Interviews don't help people to get the jobs they really want. "yes" women are more likely to get good jobs. It's silly to take an interview too seriously. of the following might be Myth 3?
40. Which A. B.
Always please the interviewer. Show gratitude to your interviewer.
C. D. 41. A. B. C. D. 42.
Never interrupt the interviewer. Don't disagree with the interviewer. In the writer's opinion, a job-seeker should ______. be what he himself is be flexible to choose a job be polite and agree with your interviewer be what the interviewer wants him to be Where can the passage most likely be found?'
A. In the newspaper. B. In the textbook. C. On the website. D. In the magazine.
Global food prices have jumped up by 10% in the month of July, raising fears of soaring prices for the planet's poorest, the World Bank has warned. The price of key grains such as corn, wheat and soybean saw the most dramatic increases. From June to July this year, corn and wheat prices each rose by 25% while soybean prices increased by 17%, the World Bank said. Only rice prices decreased by 4%. The bank said that a US heatwave and drought in parts of Eastern Europe were partly to blame for the rising costs. In the United States, the most severe, widespread drought in half a century has resulted in decreasing production on the corn and soybean crops while in Russia,
Ukraine and Kazakhstan, wheat crops have been badly damaged. Overall, the World Bank's Food Price Index, which tracks the price of internationally traded food commodities, was six percent higher than in July of last year, and one percent over its previous peak, in February 2011. World Bank President Jim Yong Kim said countries in North and Sub-Saharan Africa and the Middle East were among those most exposed to such price increases because much of their food was imported and food bills make up a large proportion(比例）of average household spending. Already, the bank said, maize prices had increased by 113% over the past quarter in Mozambique, while sorghum had risen 220% in South Sudan. The bank also mentioned that there were other potential risks which could push grain prices higher. These included exporters pursuing panic policies, a severe El Nino, disappointing Southern hemisphere crops and strong increases in energy prices. The G20 group of leading economies has said it will not take any decision on joint action until the US agriculture department's September estimate of this year's harvest. But aid charity Oxfam said it was not acceptable for governments to delay acting on food prices until the
situation had been worse.
The underlined word "soaring" most probably means “______". B. dropping D. failing
A. achieving C. increasing
44. A. B. C. D. 45.
Which of the following statements about food prices is true? The prices of corn, wheat and rice rose dramatically. The rising food prices largely resulted from natural disasters. Soybean prices rose 8% more than wheat prices. Eastern Europe are responsible for the increasing prices of corn. Why were countries in North and Sub-Saharan Africa and the
Middle East affected by the rising food price most?
A. B. C. D. 46. A. B.
People in those places consume more grain. The average household spending is low. People there eat more wheat than rice. Those places rely more on imported food. What can you infer from the passage? Food Price Index in July is the highest one since February 2011. Grain production in Europe was influenced more than that in the
The rising food prices is likely to increase energy prices.
The G20 group and Oxfam will join together to solve the problem. E
When she graduated with an electrical engineering degree from Texas Tech in 1965，LeEarl Ann Bryant was only the third women to graduate in "E.E" from her school. "It was very unusual for women to major in engineering back then," she says. "The year I graduated, there were only 350 women with E.E degrees in the entire country." But brick walls were the name of the game after graduation, when LeEarl Ann went job-hunting. "I wanted to be a designer [an engineering designer creates computer systems, circuit boards, and son on]. At one interview I was told, 'Women don't do design work.' I was also told, 'We can't hire you. You would have to carry test equipment, and our company rules state that women can't carry more than 25 or 30 pounds. Eventually she was hired to be a designer for Colllins Radio Company in Dallas, Texas, where she worked for ten years. "One of the great things about an engineering career is that you can do all kinds of things ---I've worked in design, sales, marketing, project management, and business planning." LeEarl Ann's career has also taken her to Washington, D.C. where she completed a one-year fellowship with Texas Congresssman Pete Geren. "It was fun. I learned a lot about the political process,"
"Electrical engineering is more open now," notes LeEarl Ann. "In the 1970s, the women's movement put pressure on companies to hire more women. Today, about 18 percent of America's engineers are women. If you want to be an engineer, LeEarl Arm suggests taking "as much math and science as you can get, with at least an introductory calculus course." She also suggests studying foreign languages. "The economy is becoming more global, and it gives you a chance for world travel while you work."
47. A. B. C. D. 48.
From the 1st paragraph we know that ______. women couldn't do as well as men in electrical engineering very few women chose to study electrical engineering then LeEarl Ann was one of the top students in her class the class size in LeEarl Ann's college was unusually small Many companies didn't want women designers mainly because
______. A. B. C. D. 49.
there were too few women designers at that time women are often too weak to carry heavy things around they didn't believe women can make good electrical engineers the government didn't allow them to hire women designers How did LeEarl Ann find her career in Colllins Radio Company?
A. B. C. D. 50. A. B. C.
She enjoyed it and tried a variety of tasks. It turned out to be too much for a woman. She found it hard to work with men colleagues. She wasn't given any chance to do design work. From the last two paragraphs we can conclude that ______. women are better at engineering than men math and science are especially hard for women it is not easy to become a woman engineer
D. most electrical engineers speak several languages
第二节(共 5 小题，每小题 2 分，满分 10 分）
根据对话内容，从对话后的选项中填出能填入空白处的最佳选项，并在答 题卡上将该 项涂黑。选项中有两项多余选项。 M: Any messages, Miss Grey?
W: 51 ______You had a telephone call from someone called Brown."David Brown. M: Brown? I don't know anyone called Brown.52 ______
W: He wouldn't say. 53 ______I told him you'd phone him as soon as you got back. M: 54 ______ Er".you've got his phone number, haven't you? W: Yes, it's 633201. M: 622301. W: No, 633201. M: Oh, you'd better write it down, Miss Grey. 55 ______ W: I already have done, Mr Banks. It's on your desk.
A. What B. Well, C. What D. I'll
did he want? I'd better do it then，I suppose. does he look like?
probably forget it. one, Mr Banks. it sounds important.
E. Just F. But G. I
never call people I don't know.
第 II 卷(非选择题，共 60 分） 第三部分：写（共三节，满分 60 分）
第一节阅读表达（共 5 小题；每小题 2 分，满分 10 分）
阅读下面短文并回答问题，然后将答案写到答题卡相应的位置上（请注意 问题后的词数 要求）。
Angola, officially the Republic of Angola, is a country in Southern Africa bordered by Namibia on the south, the Democratic Republic of the
Congo on the north, and Zambia on the east; its west coast is on the Atlantic Ocean with Luanda as its capital city. The exclave province of Cabinda has borders with the Republic of the Congo and the Democratic Republic of the Congo. The Portuguese were present in some－mostly coasta－points of the territory of what is now Angola, from the 16th to the 19th century, interacting in diverse ways with the peoples that lived there. In the 19th century they slowly and hesitantly began to establish themselves in the interior. Angola as a Portuguese colony encompassing the present territory was not established before the end of the 19th century
occupation", as required by the Berlin Conference (1884) was achieved only by the 1920s. Independence was achieved in 1975, after a protracted liberation
war. After independence, Angola was the scene of an intense civil war from 1975 to 2002. The country has vast mineral and petroleum reserves, and its economy has on average grown at a two-digit pace since the 1990s， especially since the end of the civil war. In spite of this, standards of living remain low for the majority of the population, and life expectancy and infan t mortality rates in Angola are among the worst-ranked in the world. Angola is considered to be economically disparate, with the majority of the nation's wealth concentrated in a disproportionately small sector of the population.
Angola is a member state of the African Union, the Community of Portuguese Language Countries, the Latin Union and the Southern African Development Community. 56. 57.
What's the official name of this country?(no more than 4 words) Who once ruled it before it got its independence?( no more than 2
When did it get its independence? (no more than 2 words) What happened after its independence? (no more than 5 words) is the economic condition of most of the people there? (no more
than 1 word)
第二节短文改错（共 10 小题；每小题 1.5 分，满分 15 分） 假定英语课上老师要求同桌之间交换修改作文，请你修改你问果与的以飞 作文。文中共有10处语言错误，每句中最多有两处。每处错误仅涉及一个单词
Dear Anish, Here are the information about Manchester University. It is about 200 miles away from London and it has the very big schoolyard. You can live in the school or near the school. They have all sorts of course. I'm sure you will find one you like it. I know you are particularly interesting in human rights. So I will see that there is anything on their website. I will send my friend Charlie meet you at the airport when you arrived. You met him a few years ago, but he had changed a lot since then. Both your aunt
or I look forward to seeing you again.
假设你叫李华。你所在的城市要为明年暑假招聘英语导游，你打算应聘。请 根据下列 提示，用英语准备一份面试稿。 1. 爱好英语，口语熟练，经常与外国网友（net-pel)进行语音聊天； 2. 性格开朗，思维敏捷，善于与人沟通； 3. 本地人，熟悉所在城市历史与文化。
2. 可适当增加细节，以便行文连贯； 3. 开头已给出，不计入总词数。
Hello! My name is Li Hua . It's a great honor to be here to have this interview for an English guide in the summer vacation. _________________________________________________________ ___________________________________________________________ ___________________________________________________________ ___________________________________________________________ ___________________________________________________________ ___________________________________________________________ ___________________________________________________________ ___________________________________________________________
__________________ Thank you.
绵阳市高中 2013 级第一次诊断性考试 英语试题参考答案及评分标准
第Ⅰ卷(选择题，共 90 分) 第一部分：英语知识运用（共二节，满分 40 分） 第一节：语法和词汇知识（共 10 小题；每小题 1 分，满分 10 分） 1-5 BADBC 6-10 DBACB
第二节：完形填空（共 20 小题；每小题 1.5 分，满分 30 分） 11-15 BDABD 16-20 ABBDC 21-25 BABDC 26-30 ABBDA
第二部分：阅读理解（共二节，满分 50 分） 第一节：阅读（每小题 2 分，满分 40 分） 31-35 CBDBC 36-40 DAC AD 41-45ACCBD 46-50 ABCAC
第二节：补全对话（每小题 2 分，满分 10 分）
第Ⅱ卷（非选择题，共 60 分） 第三部分 写(共三节, 满分 60 分) 第一节 阅读表达（共 5 小题，每小题 2 分，满分 10 分） 56. The Republic of Angola 57. The Portuguese 58. In 1975. 59. A civil war broke out./There was a civil war./They fought among themselves. 60. Poor/Miserable/Hard. 第二节 短文改错（共 10 小题，每小题 1.5 分，满分 15 分） Dear Anish, Here are the information about Manchester University. It is about 200 miles away from London and it has the very big schoolyard. You can live in the school or near the school. They have all sorts of course. I’m sure you will find one you like it. I know you are particularly a
╲ interesting in human rights. So I will see that there is anything on their website. I will send my
friend Charlie ∧meet you at the airport when you arrived. You met him a few years ago, but he to had changed a lot sinceinterested then.
Both your aunt or I look forward to seeing you again .
第三节 书面表达（满分 35 分） One possible version: Hello! My name is Li Hua. It’s a great honor to be here to have this interview for an English guide in the summer vacation. To begin with, as a senior high student, I’m crazy about English and can speak it fluently. I’m used to practicing speaking English in everyday life. For example, I often voice chat with
some English net-pels in my spare time, which really contributes to my fluency in oral English. Besides, I’m open-minded, quick in thought and very fond of social practice, which I think is a quality that a good guide should have. Above all, as a native of the city, I know a lot about its history and culture. So I’m sure that the foreigners will appreciate my work and enjoy their stay in our city. If I am given the chance to be a guide, I’ll spare no effort to do it well. In a word, I’m looking forward to it. Thank you.
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