2015 学年杭州市五校联盟高三月考英语试卷（12 月）
试卷满分：120 分 考试时间：120 分钟 第一部分 英语知识运用 一、单项选择（共 20 题，满分 10 分） 1．— Everything for the project has been progressing smoothly so far. --- ____ that you’ll complete it on time. A. No wonder B. No doubt C. No need D. No worry 2 ． In _________ eyes of children, playing on the Internet can only bring them________great fun. A . the； a B.不填；a C. the；不填 D.不填；不填 3．We should place emphasis on development and security, and develop nuclear energy on the base of security. A. equal B. central C. superior D. maximum 4．It may not be a great suggestion. But before ______ is put forward, we’ll make do with it. A. a good one B. a better one C. the best one D. a best one 5．_____________ hard you try，it is difficult to lose weight without cutting down the amount you eat. A．Whichever B．Whatever C．However D．Whoever 6．We express our thoughts not only ________ words, but also body language. A. in terms of B. in spite of C. in preparation of D. in case of 7．The doctor advised her to eat more bean products _____meat which might be harmful to her heart disease. A. for lack of B. by means of C. as a substitute for D. in favor of 8．The driver started to speed up to ______ for the hour he had lost in the traffic jam. A. keep up B. take up C. make up D. catch up 9．Rather than carry out the project by itself, the company planned to _________ with other potential cooperators. A. catch up B. come up C. keep up D. team up 10．A wonderful idea ________ me that day when I met with a tough problem，. A. happened to B. occurred to C. seemed to D. compared to 11．To qualify yourself for this kind of new job, I recommend that you ______ some online courses. A. to take B. taking C. take D. would take 12．Sarah, hurry up. I’m afraid you won’t have time to ______ before the party. A. get changed B. get change C. get changing D. get to change 13．They use computers to keep the traffic _________ smoothly. A. being run B. run C. to run D. running 14．With a lot of homework _________last weekend, Tom didn’t go to the movies with
his friends. A.finished B.to finish C.finishing D.being finished 15．In our class there are 50 students，half ___________ wear glasses． A. in whom B．in them C．of whom D．of them 16． Between 1918 and 1938, many new stations were constructed,__________ was designed by an architect named Charles Holden. A. the most famous of which B. the most famous of them C. the most famous of whom D. and the most famous of which 17．The place_____ the bridge is supposed to be built should be _____ the cross-river traffic is the heaviest. A. which; where B. where; in which C. in which; where D. in which; in which 18． People can find so many good things, such as useful information and lovely pictures on the web, __________ it is also a global village filled with bad things. A. what B. when C. where D. while 19．－Mary, how did your Math test go? －I had thought I _________, but in fact I came in the top 10 in my class. A.should have failed B.couldn’t have failed C.might have failed D.shouldn’t have failed 20．Do you think he would have given you a hand in your time of financial difficulty? He ______ had he known about it.After all,we are good friends. A.wouldn’t have B.should have C.couldn’t have D.must have 二、完形填空（每题 1 分，共 20 分） 阅读下面短文，从短文后各题所给的四个选项（A、B、C 和 D）中，选出可以填入空白处的 最佳选项，并在答题卡上将该项涂黑。 I was 14 years old. I was angry and rebellious, with 21 regard for anything my parents had to say, 22 if it had nothing to do with me. Like so many 23 , I struggled to escape from anything that didn’t 24 my picture of the world. A “ brilliant without need of guidance” kid, I rejected any obvious 25 of love. In fact, I got angry at the 26 of the word “love”. One 27 , after an extremely difficult day, I 28 into m room, shut the door loudly and fell down onto my bed heavily. As I lay down in the privacy of my 29 , my hands placed under my pillow. There was an envelope. I pulled it out and on the envelope it said, “To 30 when you’re alone.” 31 I was alone, no one would know whether I read it or not. So I opened it. It said，“Mike，I know life is 32 right now, I know you are frustrated and I know we don’t do everything right. I also know that I love you 33 and nothing you do or say will ever change that. I am here for you if you ever need to talk. If you don’t, that’s also 34 . Just know that no matter where you go or whatever you do in your life, I will always love you and be 35 that you are my son. I’m here for you and I love you-that will never 39 .love you Mom.” Every night as I went to bed, I would put my hands under my 37 , and I remember the 38 I felt every time I got a letter. During my teen years, the letters were the calm assurance that I still could be loved 39 my anger and rudeness. Just
before I fell 40 I became grateful that my mom knew what I, an angry teenager, needed. 21．A. little B. all C. full D. high 22．A. seldom B. sometimes C. currently D. particularly 23．A. families B. adults C. people D. teenagers 24．A. hang up B. lift up C. agree with D. deal with 25．A. attempt B. offer C. request D. advice 26．A. risk B. proposal C. mention D. point 27．A. night B. day C. morning D. afternoon 28．A. slipped B. stormed C. sank D. slid 29．A. bed B. floor C. closet D. chair 30．A. answer B. seal C. read D. tear 31．A. If B. When C. Though D. Since 32．A. serious B. awful C. amazing D. exciting 33．A. entirely B. gently C. heavily D. personally 34．A. impossible B. terrible C. right D. okay 35．A. nervous B. sorry C. proud D. sure 36．A. last B. change C. happened D. start 37．A. pillow B. book C. desk D. door 38．A. relaxation B. sadness C. relief D. thrill 39．A. in spite of B. instead of C. ahead of D. in need of 40．A. ill B. down C. silent D. asleep 第二部分 阅读理解（每题 2 分，共 50 分） 第一节 阅读短文，选择最佳答案。 A Decision-thinking is not unlike poker—it often matters not only what you think, but also what others thi nk you think what you think they think you think. The mental process(过程) is similar. Naturally, this card game has often been of considerable interest to people who are, by any standards, good thinkers. The great mathematician John von Neumann was one of the founders of game theory. In particular, he showed that all games fall into two classes; there are what he called games of 'perfect information', games like chess where the players can't hide anything or play tricks; they don't win by chance, but by means of logic and skills. Then there are games of 'imperfect information', like poker, in which it is impossible to know in advance that one course of action is better than another.
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One mistaken idea ab out business is that it can be treated as a game of perfect information. Quite the reverse Business, life itself are games which we must normally play with very imperfect information. Business decisions are often made with many unknown and unknowable factors(因素), best poker players. But few business people find it comfortable to admit that they are taking a chance, and many still prefer to believe that they are playing chess, not poker. 41．The subject discussed in this text is _________. A.the process of reaching decisions
B.the difference between poker and chess. C.the secret of mak ing good business plans D.the value of information in winning games 42．An important factor in a game of imperfect information is ___________. A.rules B.luck C.time D.ideas 43．Which of the following can be used in place of "Quite the reverse" in paragraph 3? A.Quite right. B.True enough. C.Most unlikely. D.Just the opposite. 44．In the writer's opinion, when making business decisions one should ___________ . A.put perfect information before imperfect information B.accept the existence of unknown factors C.regard business as a game of chess D.mix known and unknown factors B Roughly half of college students will have some degree of depression at some point during their time in school. Even more startling, 6.2 percent of college students surveyed in 2012 considered suicide and 1.3 percent attempted it, according to an American College Health Association study released this spring. If you’re feeling depressed on campus, you may find the following tips helpful. Exercise: Physical activity releases endorphins – chemicals that produce an overall positive feeling within the body, which fight depression naturally. Mental health experts claim that exercise is a solution to those feeling mild or moderate depression. However, for those severely depressed, simply doing sports is not enough. Use school counselin g services: Campuses don’t employ mental health experts simply to throw thousands of dollars down the drain. Their job is to help students, so experts recommend you use them. Most students, however, are hesitant to take a trip to their college’s counseling center, fearing being laughed at by peers. As a result, some schools like Texas Christian University, are testing students for mental health problems when they get sick and visit the campus health clinic. Take advantage of technology: Staying in touch with family members and friends from childhood and high school has become easier than ever with the coming of Facebook and video chat services like Skype. While mental health experts insist that it’s important to make friends in your new environment and be involved in the college community, it’s also significant to keep in touch with the people you knew before college. Go to sleep: Following a fairly regular sleep pattern can defend you against depression. In college, many students’ sleep patterns are irregular thanks to late-night studying and partying, which is harmful to their mental health. Research strongly suggests that sleep is the key to learning and memory formation. 45．According to the passage, physical activity __________ . A. is regarded as the best way to fight depression B. contributes t o the release of endorphins
C. can’t help the seriously depressed students D. improve people’s ability to learn and memorize 46．It can be inferred from the 3rd paragraph that __________ . A. employing mental health experts on campus is a waste of money B. students with mental health problems can’t get on well with others C. going to college’s counseling center for help requires a lot of courage D. sick students in Texas Christian University must take psychological tests 47．Taking advantage of technology is encouraged because it ____ A.enables students to get involved in college life B.helps students stay in contact with others C.offers students a way to make new friends D.provides a way to avoid getting bored 48．which of the following can NOT help one reduce depression? A.Taking exercise regularly every week B.Chatting with old friends with Skype C.Turning to mental health experts for advice D.Holding parties deep into the night to relax C Shyness is the cause of much unhappiness for a great many people. Shy people are anxious and self-conscious; that is, they are concerned with their own appearance and actions too much. Negative thoughts are constantly occurring in their minds: What kind of impression am I making? Do they like me? Do I sound stupid? Am I wearing unattractive clothes? It is obvious that such uncomfortable feelings must affect people unfavorably. A person's self-concept is reflected in the way he or she behaves and the way a person behaves affects other people's reactions. In general, the way people think about themselves has a deep effect on all areas of their lives. Shy people, who have low respect, are likely to be passive and easily influenced by others. They need faith that they are doing "the right thing". Shy people are very sensitive to criticism. It makes them feel inferior（自卑）.They also find it difficult to be pleased by praises because they believe they are unworthy of praise. A shy person may respond to a praise with a statement like this one: "You're just saying that to make me feel good, I know it's not true.” It is clear that, while self-awareness is a healthy quality, overdoing it is harmful. Can shyness be completely got rid of, or at least reduced? Fortunately, people can overcome shyness with determination since shyness goes hand in hand with lack of self respect. It is important for people to accept their weakness as well as their strengths. Each one of us has his or her own characteristics. We are interested in our own personal ways. The better we understand ourselves, the easier it becomes to live up to our chances for a rich and successful life. 49．The first paragraph is mainly about______. A.the cause of shyness B.the effect of shyness on people C.the feelings of shy people D.the questions in the minds of shy people 50．According to the writer, self-awareness is______.
A.harmful to people B.a weak point of shy people C.the cause of unhappiness D.a good characteristic 51．What is the shy people's reaction to praise? A.They are pleased by it. B.They feel it is not true. C.They are very sensitive to it. D.They feel they are worthy of it. 52．We can learn from the passage that shyness can ______. A.block our chances for a successful life B.help us to live up to our full development C.enable us to understand ourselves better D.have nothing to do with lack of self respect D You may have heard of the American Dream, an ideal that has powered the hopes of Americans for generations. It began as a belief that the US was a land of opportunity, and that anyone could achieve success through hard work. At times, the dream has referred to home ownership, a good job, retirement security or each generation doing better than the last. Yet today, this concept seems to have greatly changed. As Time magazine pointed out, quite different from the older generation, many Millennials (the generation born after 1980) redefine(重新定义) the American Dream as “day-to-day control of your life”. They “prize job mobility, flexible schedules, any work that is more interesting than typing, and the ability to travel”, said the magazine. Home ownership, once the cornerstone of the American Dream, is becoming a smaller priority for this generation. Meanwhile, nearly 40% of them choose travel as part of their dream. And entrepreneurship(创业) is a rising favorite, as nearly 26% of Millennials consider self-employment as part of their dream. So what has led to this huge change? Many point fingers at the poor economy. “Modern young Americans seem boun d to face a world stamped by ever narrowing opportunity and social stagnation(停滞),”noted The Daily Beast. “The rate of 16-to 24-year-olds out of school and out of work is unusually high at 15%. Many college graduates have taken jobs that don’t require a degree,” Time reported. The magazine worries that these difficulties may lead to a lost generation who are “unable to ever truly find their feet on the corporation’s ladder”. Dan Kadlec, a reporter of Time, sees Millennials as resetting their expectations.”This situation is different for young adults today,” he wrote. “A true American dream has to feel attainable, and many Millennias are feeling they can only attain a day-today lifestyle that suits them.” 53．The underlined word “cornerstone” in Paragraph 4 is closest in meaning to “ ”. A. growth B. balance C. basis D. purpose 54． What has changed Millennials’ view of the American Dream according to the passage? A. A lack of confidence in themselves B. Fierce competition in the job market
C. Their dissatisfaction with the government D. The discouraging economy and unemployment 55．Dan Kadlec thinks Millennials’ new definition of the American Dream is ______. A. beautiful B. understandable C. worrying D. positive 56．What can be the best title for this passage? A. Redefinition of American Dream B. Meaning of American Dream C. Value of Achieving American Dream D. History of Changing American Dream E Since around the later part of the 1950s, society started to realize that tobacco cigarettes caused health problems. As research progressed along with increasing numbers of people that developed lung cancer, emphysema, and other smoking related illnesses, cigarette smoking has become less accepted and popular. Unfortunately, the nicotine contained in cigarettes is one of the most addictive substances on the planet and makes quitting smoking one of the hardest things to do. In 2003, Chinese pharmacist, Hon Lik invented the electronic cigarette as a safer, and cleaner way to breathe in nicotine after his father, a heavy smoker, passed away from lung cancer attributed to smoking tobacco cigarettes. Hon Lik applied for his first patent on the electronic cigarette in 2003 and afterwards introduced e-cigs to the Chinese market in the following year through his employer, Golden Dragon Holdings. Golden Dragon Holdings later changed the company’s name to “Ruyan” in order to better match the company’s name(Ruyan means “almost like smoke”)to the new product. Since the renaming, the Ruyan company has continued e-cigarette development and grown to be one of the largest global e-cig manufactures. Dr.Sam Han, CEO of Cixi E-CIG Technology, Inc, Ltd. also has a number of e-cig related inventions, including four patents in the United States and two in China that are electronic cigarette and e-liquid technology related. Similar to Hon Lik’s father. Dr. Han was a heavy smoker for more than 40 years before beginning to work on electronic cigarette technologies in order to help himself and others make the shift to vapor smoking. Dr.Han continues to market and conduct R&D in e-cig related techonologies to this date. After the successful deployment of Ruyan and Cixi E-CIG electronic cigarettes in China and Asia, the products started to be sold in significant quantities on the Internet. 57．How many years is it since the electronic cigarette was first invented according to the passage? A. About 5 years. B. About 11 years. C. About15 years. D.About 20 years. 58． What’s the direct reason why Hon Lik invented the electronic cigarette according to the passage ? A.Tobacco cigarettes caused health problems. B.Tobacco cigarettes were too expensive for customers to buy. C.Quitting smoking became one of the hardest things to do. D.His father died from lung cancer due to smoking tobacco cigarettes.
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59．Since when have Chinese smokers have been able to buy Hon Lik’s electronic cigarettes according to the passage? A.2000. B.2003. C.2004. D.2005. 60．What’s the correct order of the following events according to the passage? ① Hon Lik applied for his first patent on the electronic cigarette. ② Hon Lik’s father died from lung cancer because of smoking tobacco cigarettes.
③ Hon Lik’s electronic cigarettes were introduced to the Chinese market. ④ The name of the company Golden Dragon Holdings was changed to “Ruyan”. A. ①③②④ B.①④②③ C.②④①③ D.②①③④ 第二节 根据短文内容，从短文后的选项中选出能填入空白处的最佳选项，选项中有两项为 多余选项。 How to Motive Teens to Read With lots of studies showing the benefits of reading, how can teachers motivate their students to open a good book or power up their e-reader? Lead by Example Require students to spend at least 20 minutes in dependent reading every day. By taking part in this regular activity themselves ,teachers show that they consider reading very important. 61． Freedom to Choose 62． For those who forget their books ,provide them with access to novels, magazines or newspapers during required reading time.Consider allowing students to use their personal e—readers Share Your Excitement Teachers’ excitement for a particular book may have a huge influence on their students . 63． ____ Then when it comes time for them to choose a new book, suggest your favorite. Visit the Library Make time to visit the school library and require students to borrow at least one book of interest. 64． ____ By doing so, they can make sure the book fits their interests. Stay Informed Teachers can help motive students by finding out the latest popular young adult reading matter, such as “The Hunger Games” by Suzanne Collins an d the “Uglies” by Scott Westerfeld. With varied activities competing for students’ time and attention, it can be difficult to encourage youngsters to read. 65． Teachers who make independent reading a daily part of the classroom experience and find creative ways to motivate their students may be on the way to writing a success story. A. They can read books in silence. B. Give students a taste of what the book is about. C. There is science fiction that they are interested in. D. Encourage them to spend some time reading the book before borrowing.
E. However ,there is little doubt that reading can help with students’ studies F. Therefore, they always find time to read even though they are terribly busy. G. Allow students to pick their own literature ,as long as it is suitable for school reading. 第三部分 写作 第一节 假定英语课上老师要求同桌之间交换修改作文， 请你修改你同桌写的以下作文。 文 中共有 10 处语言错误，每句中最多有两处。错误涉及一个单词的增加、删除或修改。 注意：1.每处错误及修改均仅限一词； 2.只允许修改 10 处，多者(从第 11 处起)不计分。 A man got on a train and sit beside a woman. The woman was more than thirty year old. Soon they began talking to every other. He said to her, “Do you have a family？”“Yes，I have one son ” the woman replied to. “Oh, really?” said the man. “Does he smoke？”“No，”the man answered. “That’s good.” The man was glad to say, “I don’t smoke，too. Smoking is bad for your healthy. And does your son often fight with other?” “Oh, no.” the woman answered at once. “He never fights.” “Well,” the man said. “He is a good young man. But how old is he?” “Only three months old today.” The woman said with smile. 第二节 某英文报社组织了一次有关“健康生活方式”的英语征文活动，你有意参加。对于 这两种谚语： “An apple a day keeps the doctor away． ”和“An hour walking a day keeps the doctor away． ” ，你更倾向于哪个，是饮食更重要，还是锻炼更重要，抑或是饮食锻炼 都重要。请根据自己的生活体验，表明自己的观点并简要陈述自己的理由。注意:1．词数： 120-150； 2．题目自拟； 3．文中不得透露个人姓名和学校名称。 参考词汇：谚语 proverb
单项选择：BCABC ACCDB CADBC ACDCB 完形填空：ADDCB CABAC DBADC BACAD 阅读理解：第一节 A 篇 ABDB B 篇 BCBD C 篇 BDBA D 篇 CDBA E篇 BDCD 第二节 FGBDE 短文改错【小题 1】sit--sat【小题 2】year--years【小题 3】every--each【小题 4】去掉 to 【小题 5】man --woman【小题 6】too--either【小题 7】healthy--health 【小题 8】other--others【小题 9】But--And【小题 10】with—with a 书面表达范文 Exercise and Food are both Important to us. Nowadays more and more people notice that healthy life style is very important. But some people believe that healthy food and drink is more necessary than ever, just like the old proverb: An apple a day keeps the doctor away．However, other people believe that exercise is a healthy lifestyle, just like what they say: An hour walking a day keeps the doctor away. I think healthy living habits are very important for us. In current society, people have known the importance of keeping healthy and good life habit. Healthy living style includes two sides: we should eat plenty of fruits and meat or vegetables and drink lots of fresh water, besides doing exercises is essential. It brings us health as well as relaxation and pleasure. In short, healthy living habits bring many benefits, although sometimes you even do not realize. Remember:Food and exercise are both important to us.
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