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【备考2014】(江苏专用)2013版高中英语 素能提升演练(二) Unit2 Growing pains 译林牛津版必修1

必修 1 Ⅰ. 单词拼写 1. Pay attention to your ___________(行为) in public places. 2. I haven’t told you about it earlier. It’s all my ___________ (过错). 3. The boy ___________ (坚持说) that he hadn’t stolen the mobile phone. 4. I don’t like such ___________ (粗鲁的) people because they shout and speak loudly in public places. 5. As you know, smoking is ___________ (禁止) here. 6. He was ___________ (应该) to have attended the meeting, but he didn’t turn up at last. 7. You have to give us a clear ___________ (解释) and let us know why you borrow our money. 8. Losing the necklace borrowed from her friend ___________ (使失望) her completely. 9. If you do wrong, you ___________ (应得) punishment. 10. It will take a long time before the people’s life returns to ___________ (正 常) in the earthquake-stricken area. Unit 2

Ⅱ. 单项填空 1. Many teenagers feel lonely, _______ no one understands them and the changes they are going through. A. even though B. even if C. only if D. as if

2. [2012 福州模拟]_______ you are familiar with the author’s idea, try reading all the sections as quickly as you possibly can. A. Now that C. So that B. Ever since D. As long as

3. Recently he has been refusing to do his homework, and instead _______ wasting his time watching DVDs and listening to foreign music! A. takes on B. insists on


C. tries on

D. looks on

4. On June the 25th, 2009, Michael Jackson made his final exit from this earthly stage, leaving the whole world _______. A. shocked C. being shocked B. shocking D. having shocked

5. [2012 长沙模拟]He felt that he didn’t deserve _______ such a great honor. A. to give C. to be given B. give D. giving

6. [2012 合肥模拟] Women focus on practical considerations in choosing a mate while men _______ to be romantic, often falling in love more quickly. A. intend B. adapt C. tend D. contribute

7. Asia is important to America because America’s prosperity _______ the trade with Asia’s growing economies. A. depends on C. sets up B. takes off D. breaks out

8. —The drunk driver wishes he _______ so many injuries in the accident. —But he _______. A. hadn’t caused; had C. hadn’t caused; did B. didn’t cause; did D. hasn’t caused; has

9. [2012 南通模拟]Every time _______ they met, they would talk several hours together about the persons and things _______ they remembered in the middle school. A. that; who and which C. /; that B. when; which D. which; /

10. [2012 株洲模拟]The mother who lost her son insisted that the careless driver _______ for the traffic accident _______ yesterday. A. was to blame; happening B. be to blame; happened C. be blamed; was happened D. was to blame; had happened 11. When human beings are facing the invasion of the superbugs(超级细菌), new

antibiotics(抗生素) _______ save people from the superbugs will be the main focus of the world. A. made to C. designed to B. supposed to D. hoped to

12. [2012 南通模拟]She forbids _______ here, but she never forbids you _______ a smoke. A. to smoke;to have C. to smoke;having B. smoking;having D. smoking;to have

13. She has waited for the guest for two hours and reached the _______ of her patience. A. limit B. top C. point D. need

14. [2012 杭州模拟]Letting out a cry of pain is a(n) _______ reaction when you get hurt. A. common B. usual C. ordinary D. normal

15. Walter offered us a lift when he was leaving the office, but with our work _______, we declined the offer. A. not finished C. had not been finished Ⅲ. 完形填空 [2012 南通模拟] I was talking with a friend a few days ago, who is pregnant with her first child. We were talking about parents raised us, what we would do 2 1 — how our B. not having finished D. was not finished

with our children, what

we would keep the same. She was a little anxious about being a parent, about being 3 for a child and his or her life. 4

I remember saying to her that regardless of how perfectly she may try to

her child, the child will be screwed up (搞糟) anyway simply by his or her own interpretation and 5 of everything that happens in his or her life.

I told her a story that I heard at one of Tony Robbins’ events. A story about two Vietnam war veterans(老兵) who had in the Vietnam war. Both fought in the same 6 7 their friends and fellow soldiers , both witnessed the loss of their

fellow countrymen, both experienced the frightening act of taking someone else’s 8. And yet, after the war was over, both led very different lives. 30 years 9

the war ended, one was depressed, lonely and suicidal; the other happy and healthy, 10 11 12 by a loving family and close friends. So what is the difference? on his experience of the war in Vietnam, one man thought, “What is the 13 . ” So he lived his life

of being close to someone? I’ll lose them 14

in bitterness and resentment(怨恨),

of being close to anyone to avoid having 15 , thought, “Life is precious.

to feel the pain of losing them. The other man, I have to live it to the his life in gratitude, difference that made! Nothing has meaning except the 18 16 17

and cherish(珍爱) every moment of it. ” So he lived every moment he has with his loved ones. What a big

you give it. You are responsible for

giving meaning to everything that has happened in your life. So, the question is, would you rather be like the first war veteran who lived his life with 19 , anger

and fear? Or would you rather be like the second, who saw the lessons the war had 20 him and created a more empowering meaning for it? B. nursing C. parenting B. perfectly D. separately B. responsible D. accessible B. keep C. support B. expectation D. addiction B. betrayed C. killed B. war C. army B. courage D. account B. before C. until B. protected

1. A. cooking 2. A. differently C. directly 3. A. respectable C. acceptable 4. A. prepare 5. A. association C. adaptation 6. A. missed 7. A. unit 8. A. money C. life 9. A. since 10. A. surrounded

D. working

D. raise

D. lost D. country

D. when

C. gathered 11. A. Reflected C. Depended 12. A. grade 13. A. though C. anyway 14. A. hopeful C. careful 15. A. in contrast C. in general 16. A. richest 17. A. treasuring C. spending 18. A. moment C. responsibility 19. A. sickness C. bitterness 20. A. left Ⅳ. 阅读理解 B. taught B. wisest B. point

D. understood B. Advised D. Based C. mark B. too D. somehow B. skilful D. fearful B. in conclusion D. in total C. closest B. measuring D. playing B. meaning D. difference B. kindness D. darkness C. given D. brought D. fullest D. result

A 17-year-old boy, caught sending text messages in class, was recently sent to the vice principal’s office. The vice principal, Steve Gallagher, told the boy he needed to focus on the teacher, not his cellphone. The boy listened politely and nodded, and that’s when Mr. Gallagher noticed the student’s fingers moving on his lap. He was texting while being scolded for texting. “ It was a subconscious act, ” says Mr. Gallagher, who took the phone away. “Young people today are connected socially from the moment they open their eyes in the morning until they close their eyes at night. It’s compulsive. ” A study this year by psychology students at Covenant College in Lookout Mountain, Ga. , found that the more time young people spend on Facebook, the more likely they

are to have lower grades and weaker study habits. Heavy Facebook users show signs of being more sociable, but they are also more likely to be anxious, hostile or depressed. (Doctors, meanwhile, are now laming addictions to ‘night texting’ for disturbing the sleep patterns of teens. ) Almost a quarter of today’s teens check Facebook more than 10 times a day, according to a 2009 survey by Common Sense Media, a nonprofit group that monitors media’s impact on families. Will these young people get rid of this habit once they enter the workforce, or will employers come to see texting and ‘ social—network checking’ as accepted parts of the workday? Think back. When today’s older workers were in their 20s, they might have taken a break on the job to call friends and make after-work plans. In those earlier eras, companies discouraged non-business-related calls, and someone who made personal calls all day risked being fired. It was impossible to imagine the constant back-and-forth texting that defines interactions among young people today. Educators are also being asked by parents, students and educational strategists to reconsider their rules. “In past generations, students got in trouble for passing notes in class. Now students are good at texting with their phones still in their pockets, ” says 40-year-old Mr. Gallagher, the vice principal, ” and they’re able to communicate with someone one floor down and three rows over. Students are just fundamentally different today. They will take suspensions rather than give up their phones. ” 1.The underlined words “a subconscious act” in the first paragraph refer to an act _________. A. on purpose C. in secret B. without realization D. with care

2.Young people addicted to the use of Facebook __________. A. are good at dealing with the social relationships and concentrate on their study B. have high spirits and positive attitudes towards their life and work C. have been influenced mentally in the aspects of behaviors and habits D. are always in a bad mood and have poor performance in every respect

3.Through the situation of today’s older workers in their 20s, it can be inferred that ___________. A. the employers will not accept young people’s sending text messages B. a cellphone is a must for today’s older workers instead of young people C. the employers prefer older workers to young people D. the employers will find it hard to control the interaction among young people 4.What’s the best title of the passage? A. Teenagers and Cellphones B. Teenagers’ Texting Addiction C. Employers and Teenagers D. Teenagers’ Education

答案解析 Ⅰ. 1. behavior supposed 7. explanation 8. upset 9. deserve 10. normal 2. fault 3. insisted 4. rude 5. forbidden 6.

Ⅱ. 1. 【解析】选 D。考查连词。句意:很多青少年感到孤独,好像没有人理解他们以及 他们正在经历的变化。even though/if 即使;only if 只有在??条件下;as if 好像,仿 佛。 2. 【解析】选 A。考查连词。句意:既然你熟悉作者的观点,试着尽可能快地读完所有的 部分。now that 引导原因状语从句,意为“既然;由于”,符合句意。ever since 自从; so that 以便, 结果;as long as 只要, 均不合题意。 【变式备选】 Maybe, but _______ he has been so rude to us, I feel like we have to punish him or he won’t respect us. A. now that C. although B. in case D. as long as

【解析】选 A。考查让步状语从句。句意:或许,可是既然他对我们这么无礼,我觉得我们 得惩罚他一下,要不然他会不尊重我们。now that 既然,由于;in case 假使,以防(万一);

although 尽管;as long as 只要。根据句意可知答案选 A。 3. 【解析】选 B。考查动词短语辨析。句意:最近他一直拒绝做作业,而且坚持浪费时间 看 DVD 和听外国音乐。take on 承担,呈现;insist on 坚持,后跟名词、代词或 v. -ing; try on 试穿;look on 观看;旁观。根据句意答案选 B。 4. 【解析】选 A。考查 leave 的宾补结构。shocked 是形容词,作宾语补足语,表明了全世 界人感到震惊,这是一种状态。 【知识拓展】leave 的宾补结构 leave+宾语+宾语补足语,其中宾语补足语这一成分可以由过去分词、现在分词、形容词、 介词的复合结构等来充当,具体如下: 1. 由过去分词来充当宾语补足语:leave sth. /sb. done,常用来表示宾语所处的状态或 表示动作已经完成。例如: (1)Please excuse me if I have left any of your questions unanswered. (2)He got up slowly leaving the lunch unfinished. △可用于被动语态: Hi!My patient can’t be left unattached. 2. 由现在分词来充当宾语补足语:leave sb. /sth. doing, 常用来表示使某人或某物一 直做某事。例如: (1) Don’t leave her waiting outside in the rain. (2) They went off together and left me sitting there. △可用于被动语态: Now the temple has only its walls left standing. 3. 由形容词来充当宾语补足语。例如: (1) You’d better leave the drawing-room door open. (2) His illness has left him weak. △可用于被动语态: The window was left open. 4. 由介词的复合结构充当宾语补足语。例如: (1) Leave him in peace! (2) His illness left him with a weak heart.


△可用于被动语态: I was left without a ray of hope. 5. 【解析】选 C。考查动词用法。deserve to be given 意为“值得被给予”,to be given 在此为不定式的被动语态。 6. 【解析】选 C。考查动词辨析。句意:在选择伴侣时,女性把重点放在考虑实际问题上, 而男性往往倾向于浪漫,常常更快地陷入爱河。intend 意图,打算;adapt 适应;tend 倾 向于,易于;contribute 贡献,捐献,投稿。根据句意可知答案选 C。 【变式备选】 Mom was always busy ________ my younger sisters during the night and she ________ have less sleep. A. tending; tended C. tending; tended to B. tended; tending to D. tended to; tending to

【解析】选 C。考查动词短语。tend sb. 照看某人;tend to do sth. 倾向于;趋于。只 有 C 符合题意。 7. 【解析】选 A。考查动词短语。句意:亚洲对美国很重要,因为美国的繁荣依靠与亚洲 不断增长的经济体间的贸易。depend on 依靠;take off 脱下,起飞;set up 建立;break out(突然)发生。 8. 【解析】选 C。考查虚拟语气。句意:——那个醉酒司机希望他在事故中没造成那么多 的伤亡。——但是他造成了。wish 后的宾语从句要用虚拟语气,对过去的虚拟用过去完成 时,故第一个空用 hadn’t caused;第二个空是过去的客观事实,应用一般过去时。 9. 【解析】选 C。考查连词和定语从句。every time“每当”,这里是连词短语,可以直 接引导时间状语从句;第二个空 that 引导定语从句,其先行词既有人也有物,故选 that 代替 the persons and things 充当 remembered 的宾语。 10. 【解析】选 A。考查动词和非谓语动词用法。insist 在这里意为“坚持认为”,从句 的谓语时态应该和主句的谓语时态保持一致; happening 在这里修饰 the traffic accident, happen 没有被动语态。 11. 【解析】选 B。考查短语。句意:当人类面临一种超级细菌的侵入时,新的可以挽救人 类并避免这种细菌的抗生素将会成为世界关注的主要焦点。supposed to 作后置定语,符合 题意。 12. 【解析】选 D。考查动词用法。forbid 后接动名词,还可以构成 forbid sb. to do sth.

的搭配。 13. 【解析】选 A。考查名词辨析。句意:她等那位客人两个小时了,达到了忍耐的极限。 limit 极限,符合句意。top 顶部;point 点;need 必要。 14. 【解析】选 D。考查形容词辨析。normal 正常的,符合句意。句意:当你受伤时,发出 痛苦的叫声是正常的反应。common 共同的,usual 经常的,ordinary 普通的。 【变式备选】 When I took his temperature, I found it was two degrees above ________. A. average B. ordinary C. common D. normal

【解析】 D。 选 考查形容词辨析。 normal 作形容词意为正常的; 作名词意为常态。 此处 normal 作名词,above normal “超过正常标准”。其他各词都不符合句意。 15. 【解析】选 A。with our work not finished 为“with+宾语+宾补”结构,finish 与 our work 是动宾关系,所以要用过去分词作宾补,这个 with 的复合结构在此表示原因。 Ⅲ. 【文章大意】前几天和一个怀孕的朋友谈父母如何养育子女时,我给她讲了两位越战老 兵的故事。 两位老兵战后不同的生活现状, 使我们体会到了一个人生活好坏取决于他对生活 的态度。 1. 【解析】选 C。考查名词。此题属于同义复现。此处的破折号是用来解释说明的,how our parents raised us 意为“我们的父母是如何养育我们的”,此空要填 parenting(父母对子 女的养育)。 2. 【解析】选 A。考查副词。后一句是谈我们如何才会与父母做法一致。此句是谈我们在 教育子女方面与我们的父母相比会有哪些不同。 3. 【解析】选 B。考查形容词。作为母亲,对子女及其生活负责时,朋友有点紧张。be responsible for. . . 对??负责。 4. 【解析】选 D。考查动词。此题属于原词复现。第一空后有 our parents raised us,所 以此处应填 raise 一词。 5. 【解析】选 A。考查名词。不管父母如何尽心尽力地去抚养小孩,但是孩子们自己的理 解方式和对生活中事情的联系,可能会把情况搞糟。 6. 【解析】选 D。考查动词。此题属于原词复现。两位越南老兵在战争中均失去了朋友和 战友。这从下文的 the loss of their fellow countrymen 和第 14 空后的 losing them 可 知。 7. 【解析】选 B。考查名词。此题属于原词复现。前面提了两次 Vietnam war。

8. 【解析】选 C。考查名词。“都经历着夺取别人生命的恐慌”。 9. 【解析】选 A。考查连词。此处表示战争结束 30 年了。since“自从”。下文谈越战 30 年后两位老兵不同的生活现状。 10. 【解析】选 A。考查动词。越战 30 年后,一位老兵抑郁、孤独且有自杀倾向,而另一 位老兵快乐、健康,被可爱的家人和好友围在身边。 11. 【解析】选 D。考查动词。其中一位老兵以自己越战的经历为基础,想到:“与人关系 密切有什么意义?”be based on 意为“以??为基础”,在此符合语境。 12. 【解析】 B。 选 考查名词。与人关系密切又有何意义呢?最终还将失去他们。此处 point 意为“意义”。 13. 【解析】选 C。考查副词。anyway 意为“不管怎样,无论如何”。 14. 【解析】选 D。考查形容词。这位老兵在这种心理的作用下,生活在悲痛和怨恨之中, 害怕与人亲近,以避免日后失去亲近的人而更加悲痛。 15. 【解析】选 A。考查介词短语。然而,相比之下,另一位老兵却很乐观。in contrast 意为“相比之下”;in conclusion 意为“总之”;in general 意为“一般来说,通常”; in total 意为“总共”。 16. 【解析】选 D。考查形容词。to the fullest 意为“最充分的”。这位老兵认为生命是 宝贵的,必须最充分地去享受生命,珍爱每一分钟。 17. 【解析】选 A。考查动词。此题属于近义复现。此空前有 cherish every moment of it, 此处的 treasure 与 cherish 意思相近。 18. 【解析】选 B。考查名词。此题属于原词复现。此空前有 meaning,此空后 meaning 一 词又出现了两次。 19. 【解析】 C。 选 考查名词。此题属于原词复现。上文中有 lived his life in bitterness, 和此处的 lived his life with bitterness 意思相同。 20. 【解析】选 B。考查动词。teach sb. a lesson 为固定词组,意为“给某人一个教训, 给某人上了一课”,而 give sb. a lesson 指“(老师)给某人上课”。 Ⅳ. 1. 【解析】选 B。词义猜测题。上文提到该学生在接受副校长训话的时候, 礼貌地听着, 频频点头, 而就在这个时候, 副校长发现他放在腿上的手指还在动个不停。 他在因为发短信 而被批评的时候仍然想着发短信。其实他并没意识到自己在那么做。故此题答案为 B 项。 2. 【解析】选 C。细节理解题。根据第二段中“Heavy Facebook users show signs of being more sociable, but they are also more likely to be anxious, hostile or depressed.”

可以确定 C 项正确, 青少年沉迷于 Facebook 的话,他们会变得“anxious, hostile or depressed”。 3. 【解析】选 D。推理判断题。倒数第二段的第二、三两句说明 today’s older workers in their 20s 比较容易管理, 再结合该段最后一句话可推知, 雇主难于控制现在年轻人的互动 行为。 4. 【解析】选 B。主旨大意题。本文主要探讨很多学生沉迷于发短信, 所以 B 项作为标题最 佳。



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