Section Ⅱ Utopia A Changing World
virtue, leisure, merciful, elect, sow
1．What do you do in your leisure time?
2．Patience is one of her virtues.
3．We elected him monitor.
4．He is considered to be a merciful man.
5．When is the best time to sow wheat?
9．relay vt.转达；传送 n.接力赛
10．collision n．相撞→collide v．相撞
11．edition n．版本→edit v．编辑→editor n．编
12．preservation n．维护，保存→preserve vt.维护，
13．thirst n．口渴→thirsty adj.口渴的
2．knock into sb.
6．keep an eye on
1．What if some married people have affairs? 如果有些已婚的人有婚外情怎么办呢？ [ 句 式 分 析 ] What if ... ？ 意 为 “ 要 是 …… 怎 么 样？”，what 引导的主句为省略形式。 [佳句赏析] 要是他不来怎么办？
What if he doesn't come? 2．Nowadays, the word “hutong” has come to mean more than just the alleys that connect the courtyards. 现在，“胡同”这个词不仅仅指连接四合院的小巷子。 [句式分析] more than“不仅仅，不只是”。 [佳句赏析] 他不只是我们的老师，还是我们的朋友。 He is more than a teacher to us and he is our friend. 3．By connecting people's homes, the hutongs in fact connected people's lives, whether the lives of the rich or the lives of the ordinary citizens. 胡同不仅使家家户户相通，实际上不论是富人还是普通 人，他们的生活都被胡同联系起来了。 [句式分析] whether ... or ...连接两个并列部分， 表示“是……还是……；不论……还……”。 [佳句赏析] (2017·天津高考满分作文)不管我功课 忙不忙，我都会设法找出时间和我的朋友出去玩。 Whether I'm busy with the lessons or not, I'll manage to find time to hang out with my friends.
As we all know, Beijing is famous for its hutongs and the Great Wall. If you visit Beijing, which one do you want to visit best and why?
I want to visit the Great Wall. China's Great Wall is known to the world as one of the seven great wonders of the world. It is located in North China. It is over 6,000 kilometres in length and 25 feet high in average. The ancient people started to build the wall in the 7th Century BC with earth, brick and stone, and joined it in the Qin Dynasty. The Great Wall was built in ancient China to keep out invaders, however, it is now regarded as one of the most important tourist spots in our country or even in the whole world. Every year, it is visited by thousands of people from all over the world.
Ⅰ.Fast?reading Answer the following questions according to the text. 1．What do foreigners want to see in Beijing? The grand sights of the Great Wall, the Forbidden City and the hutongs.
2．When were the most of Beijing's hutongs built? The majority of Beijing's hutongs were built between the 13th and 19th centuries during the Yuan, Ming and Qing Dynasties. 3．What's the function of the hutongs? The hutongs connect people's homes and people's lives, as well as Beijing's past and present. 4．What did the government do with the hutongs after 1949? The government undertook the preservation of many of the oldest hutongs. 5．How about the longest and narrowest hutongs? The longest hutong, Rongxian, is 2 km long; the narrowest, Qianshi, is only 40 cm wide. Ⅱ.Careful?reading Read the text again and fill in the chart with the information in the text.
Paragra Definitio Originally, the hutong refers to
ph 1 n of the the (1)many little alleys
hutong connecting the courtyards of
traditional houses. Now “hutong”
also refers to the (2)courtyards
themselves and even to the
communities that live there.
Most hutongs in Beijing were built
between (3)the 13th and 19th Paragra History of
centuries. Hutongs made it easier ph 2 hutongs
for the rulers to (4)keep control
over the city.
Paragra ph 3
Hutongs connect people's homes as well as (5)people's lives. People living in hutongs share their (6)joy and sadness.
Towards (7)the end of the Qing
Paragra ph 4
Bad times for
Dynasty, the conditions in Beijing's hutongs went down. (8)The turning point came when the People's Republic of China was
Paragra Hutongs Hutongs are still an (9)important
today part of Beijing life. The hutongs
not only connect Beijing's streets and communities, but also its (10)past and present.
show off 炫耀；夸 耀
Nobody has any desire to show off and gold and
silver have no value ...
He's showing off his new car.
This is your chance to show off your talents to
the people interviewing you.
show sb. in/out
show sb. around
It was getting late when she finally showed up.
We were shown around the school by one of the
1．介、副词填空 ①It's bad manners to show off your wealth before others. ②Show the visitor in as soon as he arrives.Don't make him wait around in the corridor. ③Before I started to work, the secretary showed me around the company. ④He went to meet his e?pal, but she never showed up. 2．根据汉语提示完成小片段 ⑤虽然屠呦呦获得了 2015 年诺贝尔生理学或医学奖， 但她并不愿意在公众面前炫耀自己。所以她很少出现在电视 屏幕上。 Though Tu Youyou won the 2015 Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine, she doesn't like to show
herself off in public. Therefore she seldom shows up
on the TV screen.
elect v．推举，推 选
There is a leader in each area of the town and each
town has an elected leader.
elect sb. (as) president/mayor/leader 推 选 / 选 举
elect to do sth.
They elected Tom (as) their representative.
Mr. Zhang was elected headmaster last month.
Many people elect to work (work) at home
1．单句语法填空 ①She became the first black woman elected (elect)
to the senate (参议院)．
②He has elected to become (become) an engineer
when he grows up.
③At last Mr Brown was elected (as) the chairman
of the committee.去掉第一个 the
④We elected her (as) chairman (选举她担任主席) of
the board of education.
⑤He elected to become (决定成为) a doctor after
merciful adj.宽大的，仁 慈的
The government is merciful but if someone behaves
really badly they can be made into slaves ...
He is considered as a merciful man by his
(1)be merciful to
at the mercy of
show mercy to ＝ have mercy on对……仁慈/宽恕
Please show mercy to the child.
They killed the injured animals without mercy.
They were lost, at the mercy of the wind and waves.
1．单句语法填空 ①The town lay at the mercy of the invaders. ②He had little mercy on the slaves. ③The headmaster is merciful to his employees. ④She was merciful (mercy) to the old. 2．句型转换 ⑤He showed his enemies no mercy. →He showed no mercy to his enemies. She asked them to show mercy to the prisoners. ⑥She asked them to be merciful to the prisoners. ⑦She asked them to have mercy on the prisoners.
knock into sb. 撞上某人；偶 然遇上
There is a car accident there at least once a week
and today I nearly knocked into somebody crossing the
If you knock into someone, you'd better say “I'm
I knocked into an old friend while I was having a
trip in Beijing last week.
A boy was knocked down/over by a passing car but
fortunately he was unhurt.
Please knock on/at the door before you come in next
France knocked Belgium out in the football match.
What time do you knock off this afternoon?
短语，除 knock into 外还有哪些？请完成下列短语。
⑤meet ... by chance
1．介、副词填空 ①It is a good manner to say “sorry” when you knock into someone. ② It is impolite to enter a room without knocking at the door. ③The boy was too careless to knock a glass over. ④The workers are allowed to knock off the work early to watch the football match.
⑤Tom came across one of his old classmates while
travelling in Shanghai.
→Tom knocked into one of his old classmates while
travelling in Shanghai.
⑥The scientist was thinking a problem when he ran
into a tree.
→The scientist was thinking a problem when he
knocked into a tree.
pick up 拾起；用车去接；收听，接收；
Though sometimes my neighbour picks me up in the
morning and takes me there in her car.
He picked the book up for me and left.
The bus picks up passengers outside the airport.
You will soon pick up health after taking some
吃些药很快你就会恢复健康。 [语境串记] The driver wanted to pick up the man picking up an English programme now but he picked up the book on the floor and went home on foot. 这位司机想让那个正在收听英语节目的人上车但是那 个人拾起地上的一本书，步行回家了。
1．写出下列句子中 pick up 的汉语意思
①We were able to pick up the BBC world service.
②Here's a tip I picked up from my mother.学会
③We managed to pick up a few bargains at the
④Will you pick up all your toys？拾起
Sales have picked up 14% this year.
She picked up some Spanish when she was living in
keep an eye on 监视；注意；留 心；照料
They were then able to place guards at the entrances
of the various hutongs, which made it easier to keep
an eye on people's movements.
We have asked the neighbours to keep an eye on the
house for us while we are away.
keep one's word/promise
keep in touch with 与……保持联系
keep up with
keep ... out of/in 不使……入内/出去
keep ... in mind ＝ learn ... by heart 把 某 事
keep away from ＝ keep off 不(使)接近
She kept her promise to visit them.
Her illness kept her away from work for several
1．用 keep 短语的适当形式填空
①You'd better keep an eye on your wallet when
getting on a bus.
②Would you slow down a bit, please? I can't keep
up with you.
③They always keep the interests of the people in
I can't keep up with all the changes.
They lit a fire to keep away from/keep off wild
cast vt.(cast, cast)投下；投以(笑容、视线)； 投射(光、影子)；扔；抛
Towards the end of the Qing Dynasty, the conditions
in Beijing's hutongs went down as the political
situation cast a dark cloud on China's economy.
The fisherman cast his line into the water.
She cast a welcoming smile in his direction.
cast a shadow/cloud on/over sth. 给 …… 投 下 一 层
cast a look/glance at sb./sth. 向……看一眼
cast sb. into prison 把某人投入监狱
Her father's illness cast a shadow over/on her
She was much cast down when she failed to be
admitted into the university.
1．介词填空 ①The flames cast dancing shadows on/over the walls. ②She cast a glance at me and left in a hurry. 2．完成句子 ③He was cast down (沮丧) for several days after he heard his football team was defeated.
④He was said to have been cast into prison (被
undertake (undertook, undertaken) vt.着 手做，从事；承担；许诺
Conditions improved a great deal and the government
undertook the preservation of many of the oldest
We can undertake the work for the time being.
Our side won't undertake any extra responsibility
Today, whether you are male or female, you have to
undertake lots of pressure.
undertake to do sth.
undertake that ... 保证/担保……
He undertook to pay the money back within six
他保证六个月之内还钱。 The government undertook that the buildings would not be redeveloped. 政府承诺不会改造这些大楼。 [名师点津] undertake 没有 undertake sb. that ... 结构。
1．句型转换 ①He undertook that he would finish the work by Monday. →He undertook to finish the work by Monday. ②You should be responsible for the accident. →You should undertake responsibility for the accident. 2．完成句子 ③我们应该承担过低碳生活的责任，这意义重大。 We are supposed to undertake the responsibility to lead a low?carbon lifestyle, which is of great significance. ④他很忙，却答应本周五之前完成那项工作。 He was busy, but he undertook to finish the job by this Friday.
⑤此项工程由委员会承担。 The project was undertaken by members of the committee.
date back 追溯到(后接时间 段)
They can walk up Sanmiao Street, which dates back 900 years, wander down Rongxian — the longest hutong at 2 km or squeeze through Qianshi — the narrowest at
only 40 cm wide!
他们可以走在上溯至 900 年前的三庙街上，漫步在绒线
date back to ＝ date from
to date ＝ up to now/so far 到目前为止
out of date 作表语
The Great Wall of China dates back to (＝dates from) the Qin Dynasty.
中国长城始建于秦朝。 The clothes look up to date, but they will soon be out of date. 这些衣服看起来是最时髦的，但是不久就会过时。 We haven't got further information to date. 到目前为止，我们尚未获得进一步的消息。 [名师点津] date from/date back to 常指“以现在为 起点”向前推，故在句中作谓语时，常用一般现在时；没有 进行时态，也没有被动语态。
1．单句语法填空 ①This temple has a long history dating (date) from the early period of the Tang Dynasty. ②Dating from 1980s, our friendship gave both of us pleasure. ③To date there has been no improvement in his condition. 2．完成句子 ④前几天在罗马我们参观了一座始建于公元六世纪的 古老教堂。
The other day we paid a visit to an ancient church building in Rome, dating back to/dating from the sixth century.
⑤这种技术已经过时，我们不再用了。 The technology has already been out of date and we will no longer use it. ⑥我们计算机上的信息都是最新的。 All our information is up to date on the computer.
1．What if some married people have affairs? 如果有些已婚的人有婚外情怎么办呢？ (1)What if ...？意为“如果……将怎么办？”可以看 作 What will happen if ...？的省略形式；还可以表示“即 使……又有什么关系”，此时可看作 What does it matter if ...的省略形式。 What if I fail in the math exam next week? 如果下周的数学考试我不及格怎么办？ What if he has much money? 即使他很有钱又有什么关系？ (2)how come 意为“……是怎么回事，为什么”。可以 单独出现在对话的语境中，也可以后接语序完整的陈述句。
How come you didn't tell us earlier? 你怎么不早点告诉我们呢？ (3)What for？意为“为了什么目的？” —She has decided to do a part?time job. ——她决定去做兼职。 —What for? ——为什么？ (4)So what？意为“那又怎么样？” —Your room is a real mess, Tom. ——汤姆，你的房间看起来凌乱不堪。 —So what? ——那又怎么样？
1．句型转换 ①What will happen if she refuses my invitation? →What if she refuses my invitation? ②Why didn't you attend your daughter's wedding ceremony? →How come you didn't attend your daughter's wedding ceremony? 2．完成句子 ③那又怎么样？我们可以去便利商店呀！
So what？We can go to the convenience store! ④怎么搞的，只在考试前才对我好？ How come you are only nice to me before exam? ⑤要是她忘了带来，那怎么办呢？ What if she forgets to bring it? 2．Nowadays, the word “hutong” has come to mean more than just the alleys that connect the courtyards. 现在，“胡同”这个词不仅仅指连接四合院的小巷子。 (1)more than 后接名词，意为“不仅仅”。 Kate was more than a teacher. She also did what she could to take care of her pupils. 凯特不仅仅是位教师。她还尽其所能地照顾她的学生。 Hibernation is more than a sleep. 冬眠不仅仅是睡眠。 (2)后接数词，意为“多于，超过”。 More than 10 police showed up where the accident happened. 十多位警察出现在事故地点。 (3)与形容词和分词连用，意为“非常，十分”。 I was more than surprised to see a lion standing at the body. 看到一头狮子站在尸体旁边，我非常惊讶。
(4)与情态动词 can 连用，构成 more than ...can ... 结构，表示“超过了……所能”。
The beauty of the mountainous country is more than I can describe.
完成句子 ①建造这些节能建筑不仅仅需要建筑材料，也需要脑 子。 It took more than building supplies to construct these energysaving houses. It took brains, too. ②他的答复让我非常满意。 His answer more than satisfied me. ③这一结果远远超出了他的想象。 The result was much more than he could imagine. ④不止一个学生知道你的秘密。 More than one student knows about your secret.
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