专题限时集训(四) 训练 2
阅读下面短文，根据其内容写一篇 60 词左右的内容概要。 Peter loved to shop used articles.Almost a month ago，he bought a popular word game that used little pieces of wood with different letters on them.As he was purchasing it，the salesgirl said， “Oh，look，the game box hasn't even been opened yet.That might be worth some money.” Peter examined the box and，sure enough，it was completely covered in factory ?sealed plastic.And he saw a date of 1973 on the back of the box. “You should put that up for auction(拍卖) on the Internet， and see what happens， ” the salesgirl said. “Yes，you're right.People like something rare， ”Peter agreed.“I can't imagine there being very many unopened boxes of this game still around 40 years later.” “Don't forget to tell me if you sell it， ” the salesgirl smiled. “No problem， ” Peter said. After he got home，Peter went online to several auction websites looking for his game.But he couldn't find it.Then he typed in the name of the word game and hit search.The search result was 543 websites containing information about the changes of the game.Over the years，the game had been produced using letters in different sizes and game boards in different colors.He also found some lists of game fans looking for various versions of the game.Peter emailed some of them，telling them what he had. Two weeks later，Peter went back to the shop. “Hello.Do you still remember the unopened word game？” The salesgirl looked at him for a second，then recognized him and said， “Oh， hi！” “ I've got something for you ， ” Peter said.“I sold the game and made $1， 000.Thank you for your suggestion.” He handed her three $100 bills. “Wow！” the salesgirl cried out.“Thank you.I never expected it.”
【写作指导】 通读所给文章可知， 本文属于记叙文。 首先要点一应表明主人公 Peter 一个月前买到了 一款稀有的文字游戏；要点二要交代在售货员的建议下，Peter 将此款文字游戏挂到网上拍 卖；要点三讲的是故事的结果：文字游戏卖了 1 000 美元，Peter 拿出 300 美元给售货员作 为答谢。由于本篇短文为记叙文，只需按照故事的情节发展进行写作即可。写作时要把握好 要点，全面准确地呈现短文内容，并注意语法结构和词汇的准确性。 【参考范文】 One month ago，Peter bought a word game and found it was made about 40 years ago and hadn't been opened yet，which means it was rare and valuable.(要点 1) He followed the salesgirl's suggestion and put it for auction on the Internet.(要点 2) The word game was sold at $1，000 and Peter gave the salesgirl $300 in return.(要 点 3) 【导学号：85602029】 B (2016·宁波市镇海中学质检) 阅读下面短文，根据其内容写一篇 60 词左右的内容概要。 Why do parents have such a difficult time to communicate openly and honestly with their teens? For this，there are many reasons but most of them stem from not being able to properly understand their teens.It is a dangerous gap because parents will have to communicate with their teens about a wide variety of issues during the most important years of their lives.Thus， parents must know how to communicate openly and honestly with their teens. Here are a few tips to make communication easier between parents and teenagers. As parents ， you should listen to what children said carefully and pay much attention to it.Make them feel as if their views really matter，which not only helps your discussions with your teen but brings you closer to him.Meanwhile ， try to remember some of the negative feelings you experienced as a teenager and apply it to your teen's situation.Never make negative remarks to your teen about what she has said or done.Remember how much courage it would have taken for your teen to come and talk to you about his personal issues.So listen respectfully.If your teen is unusually angry，it may be time to spend a bit of quality time with your teen to determine what is wrong and where it is coming from.
It is，therefore，necessary for parents to strive to keep lines of communication open at all times with their teens.Try to remember what it was like to be a teenager and how vulnerable(脆弱的) you felt.Then you will be well on your way to helping your teen communicate more openly and honestly.
【写作指导】 本文首先提出问题：很多家长不会和孩子公开、诚实地沟通。接着就该问题提出几点建 议：认真倾听孩子的心声；学会联系自己儿时的经历和孩子换位思考；学会尊重地倾听。最 后总结：学会倾听，和孩子好好交流。 【参考范文】 There are various reasons for a difficult communication between parents and their teens.(要点 1)Here are some tips：Try not to talk down to your teens.Imagine what it would be like to be a teen.Listen respectfully to your teens.Don't ignore your teens' feelings.(要点 2)As long as you keep lines of communication open and remember what it was like to be a teenager， you will be well on the way to communicating with your teens.(要点 3) C 阅读下面短文，根据其内容写一篇 60 词左右的内容概要。 During all kinds of holidays ， millions of people will buy gifts for loved ones.Which is great—except that tons of those people will make the same glaring mistake，and buy the wrong gift.What's going on? Gift buying has become a deceivingly selfish pursuit.We don't actually look for things people want to receive.Instead，and to many of our gifts' detriments，we tend to look for things that we want to give.It's a subtle，but pretty significant problem. Research has shown that givers tend to value the gifts they buy considerably more than recipients.Gifts are valued roughly 10 to 33 percent less by recipients than what givers paid for them ， Joel Waldfogel noted in Scroogenomics： Why You
Shouldn't Buy Presents for the Holidays，his 2009 book on gift?giving.
The discrepancy seems to come from a simple misplaced belief that thoughtful presents are the best presents.They are not.In fact，they might just be the worst presents.The more thought you put into a present，the more likely you are to stray
from buying what the person you're buying the present for actually wants. In other words ， people let their gift ? giving egos get in the way of great presents.Especially when the recipient is someone they want to show they know really well.Fortunately，the answer to our collective insistence on guessing what people want is simple：stop it. If that's too callous ， or impersonal ， there's another helpful rule of thumb.Instead of buying restrictive gifts，like gift cards for specific stores， buy gifts that allow for flexibility，like gift cards that can be used more broadly (or，better yet，cash)．People tend to prefer gift cards to actual gifts，and cash to both，Steffel explained.Steffel's latest research，which focuses on gift card giving，points to exactly this point—that versatility is the key to better gift giving.
【写作指导】 通读全文可知，本文是一篇议论文，按照提出问题、分析问题、解决问题的顺序来组织 文章。文章第一段提出问题：许多人会买错礼物；第二至四段分析问题：购买礼物者往往只 会考虑自己的感受而忽视接受礼物的人的感受， 考虑得越多则越容易买错礼物； 最后一段提 出解决问题的方法：礼物的灵活性和多用途性是解决问题的关键。写作时，学生应当全面呈 现这些要点，确保不遗漏。 【参考范文】 Although many people will buy gifts during holidays，some of them may buy the wrong gifts.(要点 1) They buy what they want to give，instead of what the recipients requires；(要点 2) they tend to value the gifts they buy considerably more than recipients do.(要点 3) The thoughtful presents might be the worst presents，and we should stop it.(要点 4)Instead of buying restrictive gifts，we are supposed to buy flexible ones—versatility is the key to better gift giving.(要点 5) 【导学号：85602030】 D 阅读下面短文，根据其内容写一篇 60 词左右的内容概要。 Is there a way to turn back the clock on your age? A new study says yes.Exercise can make you younger.At least it can lower your fitness age—that is the measure
of how well your body works. A study of athletes in the National Senior Games found that their fitness age was more than 20 years younger than their chronological age.The games took place in the Midwestern state of Minnesota. Tony Diamond took part in the games.Every morning he went to a local park and walked fast for an hour.Then，the retired navy captain ran for an hour. Two or three times a week，he went to a gym for muscle training.Mr.Diamond won three medals at the 2015 National Senior Games. “My current age is 86 years old，and my fitness age is 44.I think I have such a good number because I do a lot of exercise during my life.I have been exercising since I was a little boy.” Helen White is a basketball player.She also teaches the sport to senior groups.And she plays pickleball.She won a sliver medal in pickleball at the 2013 National Senior Games. “I'm 62 years old and my fitness results showed that I was 32 years.” Ms White and Mr.Diamond are some of the 5，000 Senior Games participants who took part in the fitness age study. Pamela Peeke was an assistant professor of medicine at the University of Maryland.She worked on the study with Ulrik Wisloff at the Norwegian University of Science and Technology.Mr.Wisloff developed a fitness calculator. An online calculator is available for anyone to use for free.Ms Peeke says there are benefits from using this test. The National Senior Games take place every two years.It is a competition for athletes older than 50.The games are a variety of sports. This year the average age of the people competing was 68，but their average fitness age was 43.
要的是要找出主题句 (the topic sentences) 、支撑句 (supporting sentences) 和结论句 (conclusion sentences)，找准主题句尤其重要。本文第一段中出现了主题句，提出锻炼的 益处。后面几段涉及到的是论据。 【参考范文】 Exercise can lower one's fitness age.(要点 1) A study of athletes in the National Senior Games found that their fitness age was more than 20 years younger than their chronological age.( 要点 2) Mr.Diamond looks younger than his chronological age because he goes to a gym regularly.(要点 3) Ms White is 62 years old but her fitness age is 32 years old because of regular exercise.(要点 4)
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